WJIN Research Blog
Threats, harassment and attacks against National Park Service rangers and U.S. Park Police officers reached a new record in 2004, according to agency records released today by Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER). Chronically understaffed NPS law enforcement is facing growing homeland security needs and increasingly violent situations with static resources and little agency support.
Posted by mamsden at 05:37 PM | Comments (0)
Despite increased enforcement at the U.S.-Mexican border beginning in the 1980s, the number of foreign-born workers entering the United States illegally each year has not diminished. Today an estimated 10 million or more people reside in the United States without legal documentation…. A border policy that relies solely on enforcement is bound to fail. Congress should build on President Bush’s immigration initiative to enact a temporary visa program that would allow workers from Canada, Mexico, and other countries to work in the United States without restriction for a certain limited time. Undocumented workers already in the United States who do not have a criminal record should be given temporary legal status.
Full report (PDF 116KB)
Posted by Myfanwy at 09:16 PM
In this chapter, we review economic analyses of privacy. We begin by scrutinizing the “free market” argument against privacy regulation, and highlight why it may not work well for personal information because welfare may be non-monotone in the quantity of information, there may be excessive incentives to collect information that has no social value, and cross-market externalities may arise from the exploitation of information. We then discuss research on property rights and suggest some challenges in determining their optimal allocation. We conclude by summarizing the insights provided by recent empirical research and highlighting directions for future research in the economics of privacy.
Full report (PDF 108KB)
Posted by Myfanwy at 09:14 PM
Compares family and nonfamily violence statistics from victimization through the different stages of the justice system. Family violence is defined as all types of violent crime committed by an offender who is related to the victim and includes spouse abuse, parental violence against a child, and violence among other family members. Nonfamily relationships used for comparison include boyfriends and girlfriends, friends and acquaintances, and strangers. Data are drawn from victimization surveys, official police statistics, State and Federal court statistics, and surveys of inmates in State prisons and local jails.
Posted by Myfanwy at 09:12 PM
The DEA’s painkiller campaign has cast a chill over the doctor-patient candor necessary for successful treatment. It has resulted in the pursuit and prosecution of well-meaning doctors. It has also scared many doctors out of pain management altogether, and likely persuaded others not to enter it, thus worsening the already widespread problem of underrated untreated chronic pain.
Full report (PDF 1MB)
Posted by Myfanwy at 09:06 PM
Preliminary offense data reported to the Nation’s law enforcement in all categories of violent and property crimes indicated a decline in 2004 compared to data from 2003, according to data from the FBI’s Preliminary Annual Uniform Crime Report. Overall, violent crimes in the Nation decreased 1.7 percent in 2004 when compared to 2003 data, and property crimes fell 1.8 percent in 2004 compared to the crimes reported the previous year.
Full report (PDF 4.5MB)
Posted by Myfanwy at 09:05 PM
The 150-country report is the most comprehensive worldwide report on the efforts of governments to combat severe forms of trafficking in persons, or modern-day slavery. Its findings will raise global awareness and spur countries to take effective actions to counter trafficking in persons.
Posted by Myfanwy at 09:03 PM
Enforcing state and federal marijuana laws costs taxpayers an estimated $7.7 billion annually, according to a report released this week by visiting Harvard University economics professor, Jeffrey Miron, and endorsed by more than 500 economists.
Posted by Myfanwy at 08:59 PM
This report extends, improves, and augments previous estimates of trends in the price and purity of five major illicit drugs: powder cocaine, crack cocaine, heroin, d-methamphetamine, and marijuana.
Full report (PDF 404KB)
Posted by Myfanwy at 08:56 PM
Current research about women offenders and strategies for evaluating current operating procedures related to women offenders are covered. Sections of this bulletin include: introduction; women in jail — their numbers and characteristics; the Gender-Responsive Strategies project — approach and findings; six gender-responsive guiding principles — implications for jail administrators; jail classification and gender-responsive strategies for implementation in a jail setting; challenges and how to overcome them; parity and equity in programming; next steps; improving jail operations — how jail administrators benefit from considering gender-responsive strategies; Maximizing Opportunities for Mothers to Succeed (MOMS): Alameda County Sheriff’s Office, Oakland, California; and conclusion.
Posted by Myfanwy at 08:54 PM