World Justice Information Network – The International Criminal Justice Library – Library

Sort by: Abstract | Author | Keyword | Publication_date | Title452 Records Selected

24-Hour Contacts for International High-Tech and Computer-Related Crime 03/01/1998

By Subgroup of the Eight on High-tech Crime

There are points of contact which are provided for high-tech or computer-related investigations that require urgent help from foreign law enforcement. [Cybercrime, High Tech Crime, transnational organized crime]A Comparison of Crime in Australia and Other Countries 02/01/2002

By J. Walker, P. R. Wilson, Duncan Chappell, D. Weatherburn

The survey findings reveal that Australia has crime rates which are much more comparable to those of North America than Europe. In a number of cases these rates are the highest recorded among the 14 jurisdictions included in the survey – a result which must surely give cause for concern to all Austr [crime, law enforcement, courts, crime prevention, statistics]A Disorderly Frontier: An Analysis of Drunkeness, Disorder and Drug Offences in the Northern Territory 1870 to 1926 12/01/1999

By Bill Wilson

In today’s Northern Territory, drunkenness, social disorder and the prevalence of illicit drugs such as cannabis all make headlines.1 There are calls from the public, commentators and the media for the police to `do something about the problems? as if these offences have only recently become widespr [Social disorder, police, rate of crime, law enforcement]A Manual on Human Rights Training for the Police Developed by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Centre for Human Rights (United Nations) 02/01/2002


A reference manual for police regarding the lawful and humane performance of their duties in a democratic society. It contains hundreds of relevant standards, uses common language and is drawn from more than 30 international sources. [Human Rights, law enforcement, Police duties, management and control]A National Police Car? 02/01/2002

By Warren Hill

PRIOR TO 1978, THE NEW SOUTH WALES POLICE SERVICE HAD CONTEMplated the possibility of a car which had been exclusively designed and equipped for at least general police duties. (excerpted from the Author) [national police car, Transportation, stations, prisoners, equipment, Highway patrol, law enforcement]A New Technique for Depression, Pain Control and Stress Reduction: After Image Visual Perception Thought Stopping 02/01/2002

By Dr Brian Costello

Through gentle induction, patients were physically relaxed by graded entrainment exercises. This simple technique differs completely from progressive relaxation and guided imagery. [drugs, Victims of crime, Law enforcement]A Police Guide to Surveying Citizens and Their Environment – Monograph 02/01/2002

By Nancy G. LaVigne and John E. Eck

An abstract which addresses the possibility of using surveys to better help Police Officers to Understand Citizens and thier environment to assess how the role of the Police Officer is understood in the community(ies). [Police, Guide, Citizens, Survey,Environment, law enforcement]Aboriginal Visitors Scheme 10/01/1999

By Phil Prosser

The Aboriginal Visitors Scheme was originally coordinated by the Aboriginal Affairs planning authority (AAPA) (now the Aboriginal Affairs Department) before being transferred to the Ministry of Justice in March 1994. Although administered by the Ministry, the Aboriginal Visitors Scheme has been a [Deaths in Custody, Minister for Police, , law enforcement]Aboriginal Youth, Police and the Juvenile Justice System in Western Australia 02/01/2002

By Lynn Atkinson

THIS PAPER IS IN TWO PARTS. THE FIRST SECTION MAKES SOME observations about young people, crime and the police, and the particular vulnerability of Aboriginal youth coming to the attention of the police. Two issues, the maintenance of public order and juvenile offending, provide the framework fo [Aboriginal youth, Juvenile justice, Australia, Police, court, law enforcement]Adelaide Central Business District Crime Prevention Plan 02/01/2002

By Andrew Paterson

The Adelaide Inner City Cooperative Action Group (ICCAG) has achieved some of its original objectives, but still has a significant task in terms of coordination and the implementation of the specialist urban environment study by Wendy Bell and Associates. It is hoped that the energy and commitmen [assaults, young people, youth workers, police officers, inner city, Aboriginal youths, Urban Environment, law enforcement]After Arthur: Policing in Van Diemen’s Land 1837-1846 12/01/1999

By Dr Stefan Petrow

Between 1824 and 1836 Governor George Arthur was the autocratic ruler of Van Diemen’s Land and controlled the colony in large part by a powerful and numerous police force.1 In 1835 there was 1 policeman to every 88.7 people, making Van Diemen’s Land one of the most heavily policed soc [policed society, abusing their powers, management of convicts, law enforcement]Alcohol, the Law and Police Discretion 02/01/2002

By Thomas Clews

The intention of this paper is to describe briefly some of the effects associated with alcohol, the results upon policing in the community and to warn of a developing trend, the outcome of which may prove to be most undesirable in the long term. (excerpted from the Author) [Police Discretion, social misconduct, health services, law enforcement]Alien Smuggling Subgroup Report 10/01/1997


The Border Control subgroup met to discuss how to build on the accomplishments of the previous working groups on Alien Smuggling and Fraudulent Documents. [human trafficking, ALIEN SMUGGLING, Law Enforcement, border agencies.]All’s Fair in Love and War: Policing Women 02/01/2002

By Jude McCulloch

THIS PAPER WILL EXAMINE THE NOTION OF POLICING, PROTECTION AND control. It will argue that increasing law enforcement equals increasing control of minority or disadvantaged groups, including women, along with the protection of existing privilege. (excerpted from the Author) [Law Enforcement, Police Associations, Law and order, Crime statistics, Criminal assault]An Overview of Crime Prevention in Victoria 02/01/2002

By Elizabeth McMillan

This overview can only present a broad-brush approach of the main features of the Victorian crime prevention ’landscape’. When overviewing the crime prevention initiatives in Victoria, questions are continually faced about the roots and origins of crime which may shape what is thought [Ministry of Police, Safety, Security and Women Project, reference groups, Safety audits, IDC, law enforcement]Analysis of the Implementation Concerning Recommendations Program Drawn Up by the G7/P8 Working Group 01/01/1997


Faced with the expansion of criminal groups, their changed organizational structure and modi operandi as well as their increasing influence over global economic circuits, international law enforcement community has shown an increasing awareness of the need to develop an organized and systematic i [Transnational Organized Crime, global approach, global economic, multilateral, intergovernmental and supranational fora]Apprehending The Persons That Have Committed Crimes As The Circumstance Excluding Criminality Of Act 02/01/2002


[police, law enforcement]Approaches in Prosecuting Domestic Violence Cases with Reluctant Victims – The Milwaukee Approaches (United States of America) 02/01/2002


The approach taken in Milwaukee on prosecuting domestic violence cases. [Law enforcement, Domestic Violence, Violence Against Women]Approaches to Cyber Intrusion Response 04/01/2002

By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

This paper researches whether there are viable alternatives to traditional criminal law enforcement responses that would serve as an additional deterrent to unauthorized computer intrusions. [Cybercrime, terrorism, Cyber Intrusion, Cyberthreat, Response, criminal law]Art Crime 02/01/2002

By Marianne James

When art and crime mix, a range of illegal behaviours come to the focus: forgery and fraud, theft and extortion, money laundering, and document and identity fraud. These are important issues of threats to the integrity of cultural heritage, as well as the import and export of antiquities and other f [Crime, Art, Illegal, forgery, fraud, theft, extortion, Money Laundering, Document, Identity fraud]Asia Pacific Police Technology Conference Closing Address 02/01/2002

By Des Berwick

A closing address from Des Berwick at the Asia Pacific Police Technology Conference. This conference expressed views on technology in relation law enforcement. [Conference, technology issues, law enforcement, closing address]Assessment of the Impact of Stalking Legislation 02/01/2002


The study specifically aimed: to assess the extent to which the legislation was being used for the purposes intended, to assess the impact of the legislation and its implementation on the justice system, and to identify specific issues which might affect the effective use of the legislation. [stalking, Criminal, Civil remedy, violence against women, law enforcement, crime prevention, courts]Australian Deaths in Custody & Custody-Related Police Operations 1999 06/01/2000

By Vicki Dalton

In 1999, 85 people died in police or prison custody which was ten fewer than the previous year. This paper updates information on 1998 deaths in custody and longer term custodial death trends. It also highlights some of the changes that have occurred in 1999. (abstract from [police, prison, custody, custodial death trends, law enforcement]Australian Deaths in Custody and Custody-related Police Operations 1996 02/01/2002

By Vicki Dalton

This report covers the incidence of 1996 deaths in all custodial settings and then discusses deaths in police custody and custody-related police operations separately, followed by prison deaths. The report concludes with a discussion of trends in custodial deaths. The second part of the report provi [deaths, custodial settings, police custody, police operations, prison deaths, trends , law enforcement]Australian Deaths in Custody and Custody-related Police Operations, 1997 02/01/2002

By Vicki Dalton

A report compiled by the Australian Institute of Criminology about Australian deaths in custody and custody-related police operations in 1997. [Australia, Deaths, Prison, Custody, Police, Juvenile, law enforcement]Australian Deaths in Custody: 1980-1998 03/01/1999

By Vicki Dalton

Since 1992 the Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC) has been monitoring Indigenous and non-Indigenous deaths in prison and police custody, custody-related police operations and juvenile detention.This research is designed to provide timely, policyrelevant advice to the Federal Government and [Police operations, Criminal justice, law enforcement]Automated Fingerprint System 02/01/2002

By Don Toews

EVER SINCE THE INTRODUCTION OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS, THE CAPACITY TO revolutionise the searching of fingerprints has been recognised as one of the key areas that would provide tremendous benefits to law enforcement agencies around the world. (excerpted from the Author) [fingerprints, crime, law enforcement, technology]Background Paper: Organized Crime-Related Corruption of Law Enforcement Officials 11/01/1998


In Canada, as in many other countries, a number of recent corruption cases involving organized crime figures have illustrated the importance of significant corruption and the shrewdness with which criminal organizations engage in it. [Police Corruption, Law Enforcement , Goals and Objectives, High Risk Areas]Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials 02/01/2002


Governments and law enforcement agencies shall adopt and implement rules and regulations on the use of force and firearms against persons bylaw enforcement officials and keep associated ethical issues constantly under review. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Law Enforcement]Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials 09/01/1990

By Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders

The basic principles set forth below, which have been formulated to assist Member States in their task of ensuring and promoting the proper role of law enforcement officials, should be taken into account and respected by Governments within the framework of their national legislation and practice, an [law enforcement]Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials 02/01/2002


Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers, Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, 27 August to 7 September 1990, U.N. Doc. A/CONF.144/28/Rev.1 at 118 (1990). [Human Rights, crime, force, firearms, policy, law enforcement]Border Control Projects 10/01/1997


Pursuant to the June 22, 1997, Denver Communiqué, the establishment of Border Control Projects to enhance international law enforcement cooperation and coordination relevant to transnational crimes. [law enforcement, Immigration, Smuggled contraband and persons, alien smuggling,]Boundaries in Policing 03/01/1999

By Mal Hyde

The implications for police from increasing accountability are broad ranging. Service delivery expectations are of particular relevance to boundaries in policing as they reinforce the need for police to be effective in service delivery. [Police operations, Drugs and Crime, Police Role, Police tactics, law enforcement]Brochure on Peace Bonds and Restraining 03/01/1996


Peace bonds and restraining orders as a way to protect yourself from violence in a relationship.f [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement – R. Rand Beers Statement before the House International Relations March 31, 1998, Washington, DC 03/01/1998

By R. Rand Beers

We have reached a point in our Andean programs where it appears possible, for the first time, to have a serious impact on the supply of illegal drugs to the United States. Success in decreasing coca cultivation in Bolivia and Peru, coupled with the willingness ofthe Colombian National Police (CNP) [narcotics trafficking , drug trafficking, Law Enforcement , Colombia]CCTV: Literature Review and Bibliography 05/01/2003

By Wade Deisman

There is a significant body of research on closed circuit television, there is a need for an independent assessment of the record of evidence in order to determine what we know about the effects of CCTV. This review is a response to that need and describes what we know about the impact of CCTV on cr [crime prevention, crime patterns, technology in law enforcement]CCTV: Making It Work Training Practices for CCTV Operators 09/01/1998

By C. Diffley and E. Eallace

This document provides guidance for the Police Service and local authorities on training CCTV operators. [Police Service, CCTV, guidance, training, law enforcement]Canadian Proposal Concerning the Draft Convention on Transnational Organized Crime 01/01/1998


While Canada is supportive in principle of a convention on transnational organized crime, Canada believes that there are considerable difficulties connected with an “omnibus” convention that covers all the various issues connected with this field. [ORGANIZED CRIME, Crime Commission, law enforcement, criminal intelligence, domestic legal systems, transnational organized crime]Cannabis, the Law and Social Impacts in Australia 02/01/2002

By Lynn Atkinson and David McDonald

Cannabis law enforcement costs the Australian community well in excess of $300 million per year (about three-quarters of the total cost of illegal drug enforcement). The enforcement of laws relating to cannabis can have an impact on future employment, education and travel prospects of thousands of y [Cannabis, Law, Social, Australia, Enforcement, Criminal]Capacity-Building in Law Enforcement 07/01/1999

By David H. Bayley

Trends in contemporary law enforcement around the world are discussed, paying special attention to recommendations for successful crime control. Bayley highlights the increase in the use of private security services and how that overlaps with public policing and changes its role. He also refers to t [law enforcement, recommendations for crime control, private security services, public policing, community policing]Capacity-building in Law Enforcement 07/01/1999

By David H. Bayley

The advantages and disadvatages of community policing versus traditional policing due to the global nature of some crimes such as illicit drug and people trafficking, terrosrism and money laundering to name a few. [Law Enforcement,Crime Control,Zero Tolerance,Drugs and Crime,Terrorism,Money Laundering]Capsicum Spray: The Record to Date 02/01/2001

By Ian Ireland

On 4 December 2001 a 33 year old man died in Brisbane from a suspected heart attack after earlier being subdued by police using oleoresin capsicum (OC) spray. The incident is being treated as a death in custody and is being investigated by the State Coroner and Criminal Justice Commission. [Oleoresin capsicum (OC), Law Enforcement, less than lethal technologies, police equipment]Case Manual For Police Training In Human Rights 02/01/2002


[police training, law enforcement]Chairman’s Report of the Firearms Subgroup 01/01/1999


The issues that were discussed are: Small Arms Issues, Firearms Protocol of UN TOC Convention, and Report of the International Law Enforcement Workshop on Illicit Trafficking in Firearms [Firearms, trafficking in firearms, Law Enforcement]Chairman’s Report, Extradition and Mutual Assistance Subgroup 11/01/1998


The discussion included: asset confiscation, evidence by video link, annual review of the implementation of international cooperation measures agreed to at the meeting of Justice and Interior Ministers in Washington in December 1997. and further steps to overcome obstacles that prevent speedy and e [mutual assistance, asset-sharing, police and prosecutors, law enforcement]Chairman’s Report, Firearms Subgroup 11/01/1998


In this chairmans report on firearms the areas covered were Implementation report of the Statement of Principle and Action Plan and the Firearms protocol of TOC. [Firearms, annotated draft, law enforcement, ]Characteristics of Homicide in Australia 1990-91 02/01/2002

By Heather Strang

THE PURPOSE OF THIS PAPER IS TO DESCRIBE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF homicide incidents, victims and offenders in Australia at the present time, so as to provide a framework for the more detailed discussion of various aspects of homicide which will follow in the course of this conference. (excerpted from [homicide incidents, victims, offenders, Australia, police records, Death Statistics, law enforcement]Children and Human Trafficking 10/01/2003

By Interpol

Trafficking in Human Beings is considered one of the top priorities at Interpol and only by ascertaining the true character of trafficking can we hope to adapt appropriate measures against it. The main aim of Interpol is to promote the widest possible mutual assistance between all criminal police a [Human trafficking, child abuse, prostitution, human rights, violence against women]Citizen security and the police in Central America: regional efforts in progress 02/01/2002


[police, law enforcement, crime prevention]Civilian Oversight of Police in Australia 12/01/1999

By Colleen Lewis and Tim Prenzler

The results of a survey of oversight bodies responsible for police conduct in Australia are presented in this paper. The authors highlight various options for police accountability, address issues arising from the development of external oversight and consider how these civilian bodies should functi [police conduct , police accountability, development of external oversight, civilian bodies, law enforcement]Clinton on 2000 National Drug Control Strategy Report 04/01/2000

By President Clinton

The 2000 Annual Report given by President Clinton illustrates where we need to focus our energies and the initiatives needed to address the most pressing problems concerning Drugs. [Drugs and Crime, Law enforcement, ]Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials 02/01/2002


All those who exercise police powers shall respect and protect human dignity and uphold the human rights of all persons. Law enforcement officials shall fulfill the duty imposed on them by law by serving the community and protecting all persons against illegal acts. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Law Enforcement]Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials (General Assembly resolution 34/169) 02/01/2002

By United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders

Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials, G.A. res. 34/169, annex, 34 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 46) at 186, U.N. Doc. A/34/46 (1979). [Human Rights, law enforcement, policy, police power]Colombian Organized Crime 01/01/1998


Colombian-based cocaine trafficking groups are firmly established in Canada. Their activities are mostly in Montreal, the centre of the Canadian cocaine trade. Montreal, because of its geographic location (easy access by land, water and air, proximity of borders and several large American cities) [cocaine trafficking , Police operations, COLOMBIAN, organized crime, , law enforcement]Combating Corruption in Central and Eastern Europe 02/01/2002


Corruption is regarded as a major problem in society, one capable of endangering the stability and security of societies, undermining the values of democracy and morality, jeopardising social, economic and political development, and threatening peace. Because of current growing concerns about corrup [corruption, law enforcement, policy, extortion, bribery, police]Command and Control: The Computer Aided Dispatch System 02/01/2002

By Senior Sergeant Neil Preston

THIS PAPER DETAILS LOCAL AUSTRALIAN DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENtation of a $2.5 million police Command and Control System and the practical application of the Computer Assisted Dispatch System as developed by the Queensland Police Service. (excerpted from the Author) [Police, public, CAD, computer, control, law enforcement]Commentaries and Contributions 02/01/2002


Investigation of crimes relating to the computer network would call for knowledge beyond the expertise and skills of most investigating officers. [Cybercrime, law enforcement]Comments by the Government of Japan on the Options Shown at the Second Meeting 01/01/1996


This is about how Japan decided to submit comments to facilitate discussions at the third meeting in additions to the comments on Computer Crime. [Cybercrime, Computer crime, law enforcement, traffic & narcotic drugs, Japan]Commonwealth Grants to States and Territories: The Impact of Criminal Justice Services 02/01/2002

By Robert J. Searle

THE MAJOR PART OF THIS PAPER IS A DISCUSSION OF THE RECENT WORK of the Commonwealth Grants Commission in deciding on the differences in costs that States and Territories (hereafter referred to as States unless the context indicates otherwise) would incur if they all provided the same level of police [States, Territories, police, corrective services, administration of justice services, law enforcement]Comparative Assessment of Colombian Organised Crime in G8 Member Countries 03/01/1998


This assessment of Colombian Organized Crime as it affects G8 member countries is drawn up in response to a UK-proposed project. [Organized Crime, law enforcement, cocaine, Drugs-related violence]Compendium of United Nations Standards and Norms in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 02/01/2002


The United Nations congresses on the prevention of crime and the treatment of offenders have placed special emphasis on the general issues of criminal policy, in addition to dealing with specific aspects of crime prevention and criminal justice. It is broadly understood that crime and delinquency s [Standards, International Cooperation, Juvenile Justice, Capital Punishment]Comprehensive Criminal Justice Planning: Successes, Failures and Lessons from the American Experience 02/01/2002

By John K. Hudzik

The United States has 17,500 law enforcement agencies, fifty state departments of corrections, a federal department of corrections, and thousands of independently operating gaols. (One state, Michigan, for example, has eighty-three county gaols, each independent of one another and of the Michigan [LEAA, United States, criminal justice, crime, coordination planning]Comprehensive Domestic Violence Legislation: Model Domestic Violence Legislation developed by Women, Law & Development International (United States of America) 02/01/2002


Gender based violence and domestic violence against women. [Human Rights, Law enforcement, Violence Against Women, domestic violence]Comprehensive Legislation Dealing with Violence Against Women – Violence Against Women Act of 1998 (United States of America) 02/01/2002


The Violence against women act makes it a federal offense to cross state lines to assault,stalk, or harass a spouse or intimate partner . [Law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Compstat and Organizational Change in the Lowell Police Department: Challenges and Opportunities 03/01/2004

By James Willis, Stephen Mastrofski, David Weisburd, and Rosann Greenspan

cities must report to the FBI. A significant change in police practice ensued when the simple database became an elaborate program where police entered crime reports into a computer system that sorted them by type. With the continuing evolution of the program, officers began scrutinizing the s [Technology in law enforcement]Computer Crime: A Criminological Overview 04/01/2000

By Dr Peter Grabosky

The most appropriate strategies for the control of computer-related crime entails a mixture of law enforcement, technological and market-based solutions. The pursuit of a strict enforcement agenda is, in most cases not feasible because of the limited capacity of the state. Over-regulation, moreover, [Cybercrime, electronic vandalism and terrorism, transfer fraud]Computer Identification System (CIDS): History, Synopsis and Future Directions 02/01/2002

By David Chadwick

CIDS is a system—based on the Apple Macintosh range of personal computers— which is designed to allow police officers and victims or witnesses of crimes to construct a life-like image of a suspect’s face on screen and then to produce a printed or photographic likeness of that image. ( [Police, Computer Identification System (CIDS), victims, witnesses, database, law enforcement]Computerised Facial Construction and Reconstruction 02/01/2002

By Adrian Paterson

There is still much to learn and understand in the field of facial identification, but with a team of dedicated forensic artists and the best equipment available, facial construction and reconstruction forms the foundation from which forensic artists can build and expand on professional offerings [facial variations, criminal suspects, computers, Police Artist Unit, FACE, forensic science, law enforcement]Conference Proceedings, November 10-14, 1999 11/01/1999


The main purpose of the conference was to bring together the selected U.S.-Ukraine research partnership teams to discuss the practical issues of their planned collaborative research, and to introduce the experience exchange and Internet grants components of the program. This conference convened 52 g [Organized Crime, Drug Trafficking, Human Trafficking, Drugs and Crime, Cybercrime, Law Enforcement]Controlling Police Use of Excessive Force: The Role of the Police Psychologist 02/01/2002

By Ellen M. Scrivner

The role of Police Psychologists in determing Police Officers capable of excessive force, and possible prevention. [Excessive force, Police, Control, Psychologist, law enforcement]Corruption and Integrity Improvement Initiatives in Developing Countries 02/01/2002


The need to build partnerships and encourage closer collaboration among all players in the international development community was underscored at the conference Corruption and Integrity-Improvement Initiatives in Developing Countries, held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 24-25 October 1997. [public sector crime, civil liberties , law enforcement, public support]Counter-Terrorism Training and Resources for Law Enforcement 06/01/2003


This web site examines the tools available to law enforcement officials and first responder communities. The working group focused its efforts on determining the training currently offered or being contemplated by DOJ components, identifying duplication or gaps, and recommending the most effective m [Terrorism, training, resources, Law Enforcement]Counterfeit and Fictitious Financial Instruments 01/01/1998


The proposed goal is to identify those individuals involved in the manufacturing, distribution, and negotiation of counterfeit and fictitious instruments on an international basis. [fraudulent financial instruments, law enforcement, manufacturing, possessing, and/or distributing]Countering Organised Crime Through Strategic Planning and Effective Coordination 02/01/2002

By William J. Horman

The concept of task forces, joint task forces or cooperative law enforcement effort are not new- but in recent years there has been far greater consultations communications, cooperation and coordination between the law enforcement and regulatory agencies within Australia. (excerpted from the Auth [transnational organized crime, law enforcement agencies, international, drug trafficking, illicit gambling]Crime Defence Strategy: An Indirect Approach in West Java 06/01/2002

By Soedjono Dirdjosisoro

An article discussing the high crime rate in West Java, the reasons why the crime rate is high in comparison to neighboring provinces, and what needs to be done to deal with the high crime rate. [Law enforcement]Crime Prevention and Car Theft in New South Wales: A Case Study 02/01/2002

By Jeff Jarratt

There were many other actions and concerns identified not detailed in this paper, ranging from the import and export of stolen vehicles through to police practices at the level of the local patrol. Many of these have still to be fully pursued. Indeed not even all those strategies briefly outlined [Motor vehicles, police service, car theft, crime prevention, deterrence, education,, law enforcement]Crime Prevention for Older Australians 02/01/2002

By Marianne Pinkerton James

The author explores both the theoretical and empirical principles of crime prevention strategies for older people. Her book covers the ageing of the Australian population; crime prevention in theory and practice; fear reduction; elder abuse; and the need for policy development. (courtesy of AIC.GOV. [older women, Aboriginal, Social crime, police, fear, elder abuse, law enforcement]Crime Programs 09/01/1999


The Department of State is actively engaged in working with other concerned governments through extradition treaties, mutual legal assistance agreements, information exchanges, law enforcement training and technical assistance to combat transnational crime. [Drugs and Crime, Law enforcement, ]Crime and Policing in China 09/01/1998

By Li Xiancui

The Chinese police system comprises of the following sub-divisions :Public security police, State security police, the prison police, judicial police in the people procurators corts, and and judicial police in the peoples’ courts. And most of Chinese crimes are profit driven. [Criminal Law , police system, drug-related crime, organized crime, law enforcement]Crime and Social Capital 10/01/1999

By Dr. Adam Graycar

The stock of social capital we have invested in our community contributes to the maintenance of social order, that is, to the prevention of crime. The fundamental task in crime prevention is to work cross-sectorally and one result might be to turn potential future offenders into good citizens. [Traffic police, offenders,, law enforcement]Crime and Telecommunications 02/01/2002

By P N Grabosky, Russell G. Smith and Paul Wright

This paper summarises a current research project at the Australian Institute of Criminology which is exploring risks and countermeasures relating to the use of telecommunications as the instrument and/or target of crime. Issues discussed include theft of telecommunications services, criminal conspir [Crime, Telecommunications, Theft, Conspiracies, dissemination, offensive material]Crime and methods of urban conflict control 02/01/2002


[crime, police, law enforcement]Crime in Rural NSW: A Police Perspective 02/01/2002


The purpose of this paper is to discuss how the NSW Police Service perceives and responds to the incidence of crime in rural NSW. It will discuss from a law enforcement perspective, the distinctive characteristics of rural communities and the impact these have on demand for service, recent trends [Poverty, Free of crime, Police service,, law enforcement]Crimes Related To Computer Networks: Background paper 12/01/1999

By United Nations Year Two Thousand Crime Congress

The effective prevention and fighting of cyber crime any crime that is committed in an electronic network requires a co-ordinated international approach at different levels. At the domestic level, the investigation of cyber crime requires adequate staff, expertise and procedures. [Cybercrime, Electronic Network, Law Enforcement, Human Rights, Privacy Issues, International issues]Crimes Related to Computer Networks: Report of the 2nd United Nations Expert Group Meeting, Tokyo, October 1999 10/01/1999


Computer crime concerns criminal acts against the proper functioning of computer systems, and against the data contained in those systems. [Cybercrime, Computer Network, Law Enforcement, Human Rights, Privacy Issues, International issues]Criminal Justice and the IT Revolution 09/01/2001

By Terence Dunworth

The revolution has enormous implications for the criminal justice system, which is generally regarded as a fragmented and sometimes cumbersome processor and user of information.3 It has provided a capacity for information management that has begun to radically change the way in which law enfor [cybercrime]Criminal policy amid security policy and social policy 02/01/2002


[crime, law, courts, police, law enforcement]Critical Infrastructure Protection and the Endangerment of Civil Liberties 04/01/2002

By Electronic Privacy Information Center

An Assessment of the President’s Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection (PCCIP). It is concluded that this proposal is designed to extend the reach of law enforcement, to limit the means of government accountability, and to transfer more authority to the world of classification and secrecy [Cybercrime, terrorism, security, classification, secrecy]Cuba’s Links to Drug Trafficking 11/01/1999

By Rand Beers

The international narcotics control community, however, has long been concerned about Cuba’s potential role as a drug transit country. [Drugs and Crime, Law enforcement]Current Situation of Detection and Investigation 02/01/2002


Some of the issues discused:Structure and characteristic of investigative organization, its sufficiency in terms of personnel for investigation and devices, Ability and expertise of investigators. [transnational Organized Crime, police, law enforcement]Currently Active Task Groups Concerned with High-Tech & Computer Crime 01/01/1997


Task groups Concerned with High-Tech & Computer Crime. Some of these groups names are:“European Working Party on Computer Crime – EWPCC”, “International Law Enforcement Telecommunications Seminar – ILETS”, EU K 4 AG Police Cooperation, and “International Organization on Computer Evidenc [Cybercrime, HIGH-TECH, Computer Crime, Training and legislation]DATOS MUNDIALES SOBRE LOS SISTEMAS DE JUSTICIA CRIMINAL: Colombia 07/01/2001

By Rafael Campo Vasquez, Rosa Margarita Vargas de Roa, Rene Montenegro Ortiz, Francisco Abondano Vidales, Carolina Delgado

This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002 [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]DATOS MUNDIALES SOBRE LOS SISTEMAS DE JUSTICIA CRIMINAL: Costa Rica 01/01/2003

By Jose Maria Rico

This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002 [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]DATOS MUNDIALES SOBRE LOS SISTEMAS DE JUSTICIA CRIMINAL: Mexico 01/01/2003

By Ernesto Lopez Portillo

This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002 [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]DATOS MUNDIALES SOBRE LOS SISTEMAS DE JUSTICIA CRIMINAL: VENEZUELA 01/01/2003

By Christopher Birkbeck

This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002 [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]DEA Congressional Testimony – Statement by: Michael S. Vigil Special Agent in Charge, Caribbean Field Division,Drug Enforcement Administration, United States Department of Justice 04/01/2000


Mr. Chairman, Members of the Subcommittee: I appreciate the opportunity to appear today to discuss the issue of drug trafficking throughout the Caribbean and specifically, Haiti. I would first like to thank the Subcommittee for its continued support of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and o [Drugs and Crime]DNA Testing for Evidence and Law Enforcement (United States of America) 06/01/1998

By Victor Walter Weeden and John W. Hicks

This article talks about DNA testing and how it has become an established part of the criminal justice system. The article also discusses how the full potential of DNA testing, to identify perpetrators and exonerate people falsely convicted, has yet to be realized. [DNA testing, Law enforcement, technology]DOD Official Testifies on U.S. Efforts to Help Colombia 04/01/2000

By Brian E. Sheridan

Discussion of the Department of Defense’s perspective on the growing Columbian drug threat as well as our intergrated programs designed to assist the Government of Columbia in its efforts to address this scourge. [Drugs and Crime,Law Enforcement,Human Rights]Deaths in Custody: Moving Beyond a Statistical Analysis 03/01/1999

By Dr John Dawes

Clearly, deaths in custody occur within the boundaries of the present criminal justice system and, therefore, it is proper that criminologists and others study the effectiveness and efficiency of custodial programmes (as part of the criminal justice system).Statistical aanalysis of of the rates h [Criminal justice, prisoners, police operations, law enforcement]Democratic Control of Police: How 19th Century Political Systems Determine Modern Police Structures 12/01/1999

By Charles Edwards

A very brief consideration of various democratic states, for example member states of the EU, Australia, New Zealand, the USA and UK show that although the principles of democratic government and accountable policing are met in all, nevertheless the way in which this is done varies considerably f [police agencies, democrartic government, modern policing,, law enforcement]Developing Community Initiatives in Juvenile Justice 02/01/2002

By Evelynn Crawford-Maher

HISTORICALLY, THE ABORIGINAL PEOPLE OF AUSTRALIA HAVE ALWAYS been affluent within their own society. This was evident at the time of colonisation, although not to the eyes of the white settlers who did not see fences, houses or material possessions. It was at this point that the first impact of c [Aboriginal people, Juveniles, juvenile justice, Police, non-Aboriginal youth, law enforcement]Developing Police Understanding of Aboriginal Issues 02/01/2002

By Cherie Imlah

There are suggestions that, in the near future, new police will be recruited after undergoing a full degree in Justice Studies. (This is now the procedure for entry to the Australian Police Service.) This seems to be a desirable procedure for recruitment to the Queensland Police Service, if profe [Police Service, BA degree, academic study, Aboriginal issues, law enforcement]Developing a National Crime Prevention and Community Safety Policy 02/01/2002

By Grant Wardlaw & Gillian O’Malley

This paper proposes a series of steps to enable the community to meet its responsibilities. These centre on a more participative approach to the design and implementation of social programs which impact on the crime environment, whereby agencies deal more interactively with each other in and betw [crime, governments, reallocate, budget, law enforcement]Discussion Paper for the Enforcement Subgroup 11/01/1995


This is a Discussion Paper for the Enforcement Subgroup that talks about contact points, what work is underway, recomended work, what works well and what causes problems. [Law enforcement, Natioanl Criminal inteligence service, ]Divisional Domestic Violence Liaison Officer by the Royal Ulster Constabulary in Northern Ireland (Ireland) 02/01/2002

By Royal Ulster Constabulary in Northern Ireland

This article is about two pilot projects in Northern Ireland designed to aid women who suffer from domestic abuse. [Domestic Violence, Victims of Crime,Law Enforcement, Violence Against Women]Domestic Violence Incident Forms (Australia) 02/01/2002


Frequent and sustained criticism of the police response to male violence has often led to the reappraisal of police policy and procedures. One means of attempting to improve the police response, particularly the conception of violence against women and the degree of police accountability, has inv [Domestic Violence, Australia, Evaluation., police, Violence Against Women, law enforcement]Domestic Violence and Defiance Theory: Understanding Why Arrest Can Backfire 02/01/2002

By Lawrence W. Sherman

The present paper begins by updating those experimental results from subsequent publications in order to focus on their implications. It then summarises a defiance theory of the effects of criminal sanctions in general which predicts and explains the experimental results (Sherman 1993b). (excerpted [Violence Against Women, law enforcement, police, violent crime, Defiance Theory]Domestic Violence: Deterring Perpetrators 02/01/2002

By Dr. Anna Stewart

In recent years a coercive criminal justice response has been promoted as the appropriate response to control and deter perpetrators of domestic violence. In varying degrees, across western democracies, pro-arrest and mandatory arrest policies, no-drop prosecution, and tougher penalties have been [Criminal justice, Domestic violence, policy makers, Police handling, Violence Against Women, law enforcement]Draft of the 40 Recommendations, February 1996 02/01/1996


This is the draft cantaining all modifications done during the working sessions on February the 7 & 8 by bothe sub-commissions [Law enforcement, enforcement group, legal assistance, Italian proposal]Drug Control: Status of Counternarcotics Efforts in Mexico (Testimony, 03/18/98, GAO/T-NSIAD-98-129) 03/01/1998


Drug control.Mexico is the primary transit country for cocaine entering in the US. [Drugs and Crime, money laundering, law enforcement.]Drug Criminals are using the High tech as a new Weapon 02/01/2002

By Dr. Sandro Calvani

This article discusses how drug trafficking organizations and drug criminals are taking advantage of new technologies and how their activities are becoming more difficult to detect using traditional law enforcement techniques. [drug smuggling, drug trafficking, cybercrime,International Issues]Drug Misuses and its Impact on Law Enforcement 03/01/1999

By Peter Edwards

The paper argues that drug use has changed the nature of crime in Australia and has consequently impacted on the focus of law enforcement. It argues that the law enforcement response to drugs must continue to change to accommodate the most pressing demand of the community which is the drug relate [Drugs & crime, law enforcement, Organized Crime, Trafficking]Drug Transactions: Some Results from the DUMA Project 02/01/2002

By Toni Makkai

The DUMA’s analysis through interviews of the association between drug use and the rise in crime. [drug users, DUMA, monitor, watchhouses, lockups, police stations, law enforcement]Drug Use Among Drug Detainees 02/01/2002

By Toni Makkai, Jacqueline Fitzgerald and Peter Doak

The extent to which individuals who are detained by the police are drug users is a matter of policy significance as drug using offenders commit disproportionately more crime than their non-drug using colleagues. In this study the level and type of drug use amongst a sample of detainees from two Loca [Crime, Drugs, Illicit, Behaviour, Police, Demographic, law enforcement]Drug Use Monitoring in Australia (DUMA): Preliminary Results from the Southport Site, 1999 12/01/1999

By Toni makkai and Marni Feather

Measure drug use amongst those people who have been arrested and held in custody by police. The focus of the paper is on the urinalysis results from one of the DUMA sites—the Southport watchhouse on the Gold Coast in Queensland. findings include: [Drugs and Crime,Drug Testing,Law Enforcement,Overdose Deaths]Drug Use Monitoring in Australia (DUMA): Preliminary Results from the Southport Site, 1999 12/01/1999

By Toni Makkai and Marni Feather

The Drug Use Monitoring in Australia pilot project seeks to measure drug use among those people who have been arrested and held in custody by police. The focus of this paper is on the urinalysis results from the DUMA site at Southport. The data collected provides information about drug offenders, wh [DUMA, pilot project, custody, police, drug use, law enforcement]Drugs: The Role of the Australian Bureau of Criminal Intelligence and the Australian Criminal Intelligence Database 02/01/2002

By Keith Askew

THIS PAPER WILL OUTLINE THE ROLE AND FUNCTIONS OF THE AUSTRALIAN Bureau of Criminal Intelligence, introduce the Australian Criminal Intelligence Database and, by doing so, explain how these resources assist law enforcement in combating illicit drug activity within Australia. (excerpted from the A [drugs, criminal intelligence, Australia, Royal Commissions, law enforcement]Effective Crime Prevention: Keeping Pace With New Developments (working paper) 02/01/2002


The modern State seeks protection from crime principally through the operations of the law enforcement and criminal justice systems. [Crime Prevention, Community development, Child development, Social development]Efficiency and Effectiveness in Australian Policing 02/01/2002

By P.N Grabosky

A report by P.N Grabosky for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Australian Policing, in regards to cost and performance. [police, State, territory, expenditures, dollars, performance, Australia, law enforcement]El proceso penal en Brasil 02/01/2002


[courts, law enforcement]El proceso penal en Honduras 02/01/2002


[law enforcement, courts]Emerging Law Enforcement Issues: Stolen Art and Cultural Property 02/01/2002


The theft and smuggling of stolen art and cultural property has a long history with many nations. In recent years, most countries have enacted export controls on a broad range of cultural property. [illegal export, law enforcement, art treasures stolen]Emerging Law Enforcement Issues: Telemarketing Fraud 10/01/1997


While many forms of telemarketing are legitimate and facilitate commercial relationships between and among countries, the telephone, alone or in combination with other communications media (mail/courier service, television, print media and the Internet), facilitates a pervasive and problematic fo [telemarketing fraud, potential victims, law enforcement, investment schemes;]Enforcing Laws in a Remote Location: Antarctica 02/01/2002

By Wendy Fletcher

A report by Wendy Fletcher about Enforcing Laws for Environmental Protection in Antarctica, despite the fact that there is no population and therefore no law enforcement agency to enforce these laws should a heinous act against the environment occur. [Antarctica, remote, laws, protection, environment, enforce]European Union Organized Crime Situation Report 2000 12/01/2000

By Europol

This report is primarily aimed at obtaining and disseminating information about organised crime in the European Union (EU) with a focus on its transnational manifestations, to support policy-makers and law enforcement decision-makers in their fight against organised crime. [transnational organized crime, drugs, trafficking]Evaluating Family Group Conferences 02/01/2002

By David Moore

We have now found what appears to be an adequate psychological counterpart to the sociological theory of reintegrative shaming. Affect theory seems to provide considerable new insights into the processes at work in a family group conference. If the theory is correct, it confirms our intuition that e [family group, police, national, local, juvenile justice, law enforcement]Evaluation of Alternative Prosecutorial Policies – The Indianapolis Domestic Violence Prosecution Experiment (United States of America) 02/01/2002

By David Ford, Mary Jean Regoli

The Indianapolis Domestic Violence Prosecution Experiment was conducted in the early 1990s to examine the effectiveness of alternative prosecutorial policies in reducing renewed violence by misdemeanour battery defendants against their partners. The following extract describing the findings of this [Law enforcement, domestic violence, Violence Against Women]Evaluation of Criminal Justice Programs in the United States 04/01/2000

By Edwin W. Zedlewski, PhD

Evaluation has been an integral part of American criminal justice since the first day of Federal involvement in national crime problems. Prior to 1968, jurisdiction over American crime lay almost exclusively with state and local governments. Federal involvement in crime consisted of the activitie [Corrections, Law Enforcement, Courts, Crime, Federal Involvement]Evaluation of the STOP Block Grants to Combat Violence Against Women Act of 1994: The Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (1996 Report) 03/01/1996

By Martha R. Burt, Daryl Dyer, Lisa C. Newmark, Mary Norris, Adele V. Harrell

The Violence Against Women Act, Title IV of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (P.L. 103-322), provides for Law Enforcement and Prosecution Grants to states under Chapter 2 of the Safe Streets Act. The grants are “to assist States, Indian tribal governments, and units of local [violence against women, domestic violence, sexual assault, ]FBI Director Remarks at Bangkok Law Enforcement Academy 11/01/1999


Our two countries are committed to democracy, committed to the protection of human rights,” Freeh added, “and more importantly, the protection of the people whom we serve in both countries. [Law enforcement, crimes, criminals]Family violence and police intervention 02/01/2002


[domestic violence, police, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Firearm Deaths and Firearm Crime After Gun Licensing in Tasmania 02/01/2002

By Professor Kate Warner

While the number of suicides by firearms fluctuated in annual terms in the survey period, they decreased in the post Guns Act period by some 34 per cent compared with the pre Guns Act period. The results suggest that the Act did reduce the number of spontaneous act with recently acquired firearm [Firearm regulation, Gun massacres, Police ministers, law enforcement]Firearm-related Violence in Australia 05/01/1997

By Satyanshu Mukherjee

Identify the use of firearms in the context of all violent deaths in Australia over the last years, the relative place of firearms as the means of suicide and homicide, the difficulties of assessing the impact of firearm control on the level of violence, and to suggest avenues to overcome these diff [Firearms,Gun Control,Crime,Victims of Crime,Law Enforcement]Firearm-related Violence: The Impact of the Nationwide Agreement on Firearms 05/01/1999

By Jenny Mouzos

Proposal for a National Gun Control Policy and how it took an act of savagery unperecedented in peacetime to produce a coalition of interest unprecedented in peacetime – in its breadth, its depth and its strength to resolve. [Crime,Law Enforcement,Gun Control,Firearms,Victims of Crime,Violence]Firearms Law in Great Britain 01/01/1997


Firearms controls in Great Britain are among the strictest in Europe and indeed the world. Even before the very serious incident at Hungerford, Berkshire, in August 1987 to which the events in Dunblane have inevitably been compared, a rigorous licensing regime had been in place for many years. [Firearms Law , police firearm, firearms dealers,, law enforcement]Firearms Subgroup: Interim Report Recommendations 04/01/1997


In regarding the recommendations of the P8 Law Enforcement Conference on Illicit Traffic in Firearms the United Kingdom endorses the six recommendations and proposes to progress. [firearms, Criminal Justice, Crime prevention, Criminal Intelligence, law enforcement]Fiscal Year 2000 International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs Budget Congressional Presentation: Africa/Asia/Middle East 04/01/1999


The Narcotics Law Enforcement Project encompasses a Vientiane-based special counternarcotics law enforcement unit, located in the Ministry of Interior, and other units in the provinces. The strategy is to develop a counternarcotics infrastructure capable of interacting with law enforcement agencies [Drugs, Trafficking, Enforcement, Crop control, Budget]Fiscal Year 2000 International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs Budget Congressional Presentation: International Organizations 04/01/1999


Building effective counternarcotics institutions will strengthen democracy and promote the rule of law in many countries. (courtesy of [Budget, Assistance, Drug(s), Assist, international]Fiscal Year 2000 International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs Budget Congressional Presentation: Interregional Aviation 04/01/1999


INL’s aviation program is positioned to support host governments worldwide in their efforts to locate and eradicate drug crops, interdict drug production and trafficking activities, and develop their own institutional counternarcotics aviation capabilities. (courtesy of [Budget, Herbacides, Drugs, Trafficking, ]Fleet Management 02/01/2002

By William Horman

FOR MOST LAW ENFORCEMENT AND EMERGENCY SERVICES AGENCIES, THE costs related to the purchasing, equipping, operating and maintaining of fleets is the largest single recurring cost, outside that of personnel. The cost of acquiring vehicles, the costs associated with equipping and maintaining these [law enforcement, fleets, recurring cost, vehicles, budgets, Management Systems]Fraud & Financial Abuse of Older Persons 10/01/1999

By Russell G. Smith

Consideration is given to the threats that face older persons in terms of their vulnerability to acts of fraud and financial abuse. The development of new technologies for purchasing goods and services creates potential for fraud, as do traditional areas in health care, accommodation services and in [threats, older persons, acts of fraud, financial abuse, new technologies, goods and services ]Fraud: An Overview of Current and Emerging Risks 11/01/1996

By P.N. Graboshy and Russell G. Smith

Crime is a changing phenomenon. Some activities which in years past were perceived as gravely threatening to the social fabric are now quaintly archaic. Highway robbery is a case in point. Other activities, such as criminal exploitation of on-line commerce, which were inconceivable less than a de [Cybercrime, Telecommunications, Law Enforcement,]French Implementation Of The 40 Recommendations 04/01/1997


One of the 40 recomendations of the actions by france:States should review their laws governing criminal offences, jurisdiction, law enforcement powers and international cooperation, as well as their measures dealing with law enforcement training and crime prevention, to ensure that the special prob [Organized Crime, French criminal Law, law-offenders.]French Response to Video-Link Questionnaire 01/01/1999


In principle, evidential documents are drawn up by law enforcement agencies in writing. Given this, any possibility of witness interviews based on video conferencing is automatically ruled out, as are police audiotaping and videotaping. [police audiotaping, videotaping, mutual judicial assistance, law enforcement]Fundamento Legislativo del INCSR 03/01/2003

By U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

Aunque la Convención no contiene una lista de metas y objetivos, establece un número de obligaciones que las partes acuerdan asumir. En términos generales, requiere que las partes tomen medidas legales para ilegalizar y castigar todas las formas de producción de drogas ilícitas, tráfico y lavado de [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime, drugs and crime, international cooperation]G8 Nations’ Survey on Environmental Crime 01/01/1999


International environmental crime, including trafficking in banned Ozone Depicting Substances such as CFCs, illegal shipments of hazardous wastes, and trade in protected species of wildlife, has been identified by the G8 Environmental Ministers and others as a growing problem, costing billions of [Environmental Crime, hazardous wastes, law enforcement, organized criminal]Gambling and the Harms We Choose to Have 05/01/1999

By Clive Small

It is sensible to continually examine and re-examine our present policies to judge if the degree of legal control is already optimal. My approach to the topic of gambling is an overview, largely from a crime and law enforcement perspective, of the harms experienced by New South Wales specifically [crime & law enforcement, illegal casinos, gambling]Gay Homicides: Activism, Victims and Law and Order 02/01/2002


Since the late 1980s, there have been claims of a marked increase in violence directed against lesbians and gay men in various nations including Australia (Herek & Berrill 1992; Mason 1993). Because these attacks have only very recently become a focus of police attention or researchers’ int [lesbians, gay men, police attention, activists, protest rallies, publicity, law enforcement]German Implementation of the 40 Recommendations: 1998 Interim Report 03/01/1998


States should review their laws governing criminal offences, jurisdiction, law enforcement powers and international cooperation, as well as their measures dealing with law enforcement training and crime prevention, to ensure that the special problems created by Transnational Organized Crime are e [Transnational Organized Crime, criminal law, mutual assistance, national law,]Government Directed Prosecutorial Policy – Department of Justice Canada, Crown Counsel Policy Manual 1993 Part V, Chapter 7 on Spousal Assault (Canada) 02/01/2002


Spousal Assault [Law enforcement]Government Grants to Encourage Arrest Policies: The U.S. Department of Justice Violence Against Women Grants Office (United States of America) 02/01/2002


Grants on the Domestic Violence against women. [Law enforcement, Violence Against Women, domestic violence]Government Policies Directing the Police with Respect to the Power of Arrest and Charging – The British Columbia Violence Against Women in Relationship Policy (Canada) 02/01/2002


Violence against women. [Law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Guidelines for Police Training on Violence Against Women and Child Sexual Abuse by the Commonwealth Secretariat (United Kingdom) 02/01/2002


All regions of the Commonwealth share a common problem: violence against women and children. this violence, which takes various forms – physical, sexual, psychological – although sometimes perpetuated by strangers, is far more frequently inflicted by those with whom women and children should have [Police Training, Violence Against Women, , law enforcement]HEUNI 1998 Work Programme (MSWord Format) 02/01/2002


The Council of Europe and the Commission of the European Communities have initiated a project that focuses on corruption and organized crime in Central and Eastern European countries. The purpose of the project is to assess the problem of corruption and organized crime in this region, to study what [Corruption,law enforcement, organized crime]Hacia la construccion de un sistema de capacitacion judicial de calidad 02/01/2002

By Frank Alvarado Cespedes, Carmen Blanco Melendez, Carlos Mendez Cede?o, Carlos Retana Padilla, Ana Tristan Sanchez

[corrections, courts, law enforcement]High-Tech Crime Subgroup 11/01/1998


Ther work of the subgroup came up with this Principles for transborder searches & seizures of electronic data., Industry dialogue, 24 hour points-of-contact network, and Review of legal systems. [transborder searches & seizures, Industry dialogue., law enforcement, cybercrime]High-Tech Crime Subgroup Report 04/01/1997


For most of the first day of the Subgroup meeting, delegations presented their countries’ responses to the above questions, revealing both commonalities and differences. For example,Most countries, but not all, have one or more dedicated computer crime units which focus on computer-related c [computer crime units, Law enforcement, High-Tech Crime , wiretapping, cybercrime]High-Tech Crime Subgroup Report, Paris, February 1998 03/01/1998


All Member States sent delegations from their capitals. In addition, representatives from the Council of Europe and the European Commission attended as observers. The work of this Subgroup has focused on enhancing the abilities of countries to investigate and prosecute high-tech and computer-relate [High-tech Points of Contact., Transborder Searches, Law Enforcement Cooperation with Industry]High-Tech Crime Subgroup: Chair Non-Paper on Industry Dialogue 11/01/1998


This paper lays out a framework for possible next steps concerning the G8 law enforcement dialogue with industry on high-tech crime. [computer-related crime, law enforcement, high-tech crime, Standards & Practices]History of the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) 12/03/2003

By Security Service of Ukraine (SBU)

History of the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) [security service, secret police, law enforcement]HomeAssist: A New Approach to House Security 02/01/2002

By Bev Doherty

Quite simply, HomeAssist is about two things. It is about securing homes adequately so they are less likely to be broken into, and it is about getting the right information out to elderly peopleinformation that will bring about some small but important changes to the way they go about their daily l [Crime, elderly, DETAFE, Adelaide, Social Support Service, Staffing, South Australian Police, Training, Observations, law enforcement]Homicide Between Sexual Intimates in Australia: A Preliminary Report 02/01/2002

By Dr Patricia Easteal

The following paper represents the preliminary findings of a major research project conducted to provide more information about homicide between adult sexual intimates in Australia. (excerpted from the Author) [domestic violence, police enforcement, killings, Gender, Age and Ethnicity, Occupation, victims, outcome, Violence Against Women, law enforcement]Homicide between Intimate Partners in Australia 07/01/1998

By Carlos Carcach and Marianne James

In almost 4 out of 5 intimate-partner homicides, the perpetrator was a male and the victim a female. In a little over 1 in 5 incidents, the homicides were committed by a female against a male. A small number corresponded to killings among partners in same-sex relationships. One-third of intimate par [Domestic Violence, Victims of Crime, Spousal Abuse, Law Enforcement, Violence Against Women]Homicide: Patterns, Prevention and Control 02/01/2002

By Peter Halloran, Mike Hagan, Jim Litster, Kerryn Nicks

A series of articles on homicide in Australia [police, homicide, murder, law enforcement]How the Public See the Police: An Australian Survey – II 02/01/2002

By Bruce Swanton, John Walker and Paul Wilson

Law and order issues have been at the forefront of many contemporary Australian political agendas. The State Government in Western Australia, for example, announced a comprehensive crime prevention plan in July of this year. A cornerstone of the plan was said to be the addition over the next three y [Law, order, political, crime, government, citizen]How the Public See the Police: An Australian Survey-I 02/01/2002

By Bruce Swanton, John Walker, Paul Wilson and Satyanshu Mukherjee

A study of the way in which citizens view their police often provides a revealing glimpse of a nation’s commitment to democracy, and respect for authority. Among Australians, commentators have long identified a strong anti-authoritarian trait which has been said to account for the average citizen?s [citizens, police, democracy, anti-authoritarian, traitors, , law enforcement]How to Control Corruption in South East Europe (the Case of Bulgaria) 02/01/2002

By Ivan Krastev

The growing problem of corruption around the world. [Corruption, Organized crime, Law Enforcement, Anticorruption]IMPACT powerpoint Presentation 02/01/2002

By International Managers of Police Academy and College Training

A powerpoint presentation from the International Managers of Police Academy and College Training (IMPACT). [Law Enforcement,International Issues,]Impact By-Laws 02/01/2002


The mission of IMPACT is to encourage and facilitate the coordinated exchange of ideas, procedures, and specific information for the professional leadership and management of education and training within police agencies. [law enforcement , . Goals and objectives, IMPACT., police training , ]Implementation of Recommendation 19: A brief Guide to Criminal Prosecutions in the U.S. 10/01/1996


Both the Federal Government and the State have the right to prosecute criminal offences. The investigation and prosecution of crime is the reponsibility of the executive branch government. [Criminal Statutes, Police agencies, Drug trafficking, Fraud, law enforcement]Implementation of the 40 Recommendations at the Level of the European Union and its Member States 04/01/1997


As well as constituting a commitment to cooperate among the P8 countries themselves, three quarters of the 40 recommendations adopted in Lyons in June 1996 take the form of recommendations addressed to “all states” or “states” to adopt certain measures and practices which will constitute activiti [jurisdiction, law enforcement, Organised Crime, legal assistance, dual criminality.]In Search of Security: The Roles of Public Police and Private Agencies 04/01/2002

By Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada

Paper discussing how Canadians should respond to their growing needs for security. [police, law enforcement]In Sickness and in Health: Reducing Sickness Absence in the Police Service 07/01/2001

By Jenny Arnott, Kaite Emmerson

This research is aimed at determining the various ways in which forces in England and Wales have been managing levels os sickness absence, and identifying the relative successes that these memethods have achieved. [Police, Service, Health, Crime, Sickness Absense, law enforcement]Included Relationships Contained in Definitions of Domestic Violence: Violence Against Women Act of 1998 (United States of America) 02/01/2002


Domestic violence against women. [Law enforcement, domestic violence, Violence Against Women]Indigenous peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean and Human Rights 02/01/2002


[human rights, law enforcement]Information Material of the German Delegation 01/01/1997


Since 1991, there has been a European working group at Interpol – “Information Technology Crime” (formerly: “Computer Crime”), which is producing good results. Other regional working groups are currently being founded in America and Asia. [High-Tech and Computer Crime, Police Crime Statistics, Information Technology Crime, law enforcement]Informational Material of the German Delegation 01/01/1997


Germany is also of the opinion that there is a need to draw up a collection of the various countries’ laws pertaining to “crimes committed with the use of or committed against information and communication technology, as mentioned in the pre-conference communication transmitted by the [Cybercrime, Computer Crime, police information. Misuse of cash cards, Copyright violations, law enforcement]International Association of Law Enforcement Intelligence Analysts: IALEIA Code of Ethics 02/01/2002


A code of ethical behaviour is set forth herewith for the purpose of providing guidance in achieving a desirable individual and group standard. members of IALEIA will not:Unnecessarily delay, refuse, or fail to carry out a proper directive or assigned duty. Act or make promises or commitments on beh [Law enforcement in criminal, dishonest, disreputable, IALEIA Code of Ethics]International Crime Victim Compensation Program Directory 1997 02/01/2002


The implementation of this directory is noted as a successful link to international victim compensation programs and the world-wide effort to help victims of crime. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]International Narcotics Control Strategy Report 03/01/2001

By U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

In attempting to evaluate whether countries and certain entities are meeting the goals and objectives of the 1988 UN Drug Convention, the Department has used the best information it has available. The 2001 INCSR covers countries that range from major drug producing and drug-transit countries, where [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime, drugs and crime, international cooperation]International Narcotics Control Strategy Report -2002: Southeast Asia and the Pacific 06/01/2003

By Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

This is the International Narcotics Control Strategy Reoprt. It discusses the Narcotics Control Strategy for several countries in Southeast Asia and the Pacific. [Drugs and Crime]International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (1999) 03/01/2000

By U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

In attempting to evaluate whether countries are meeting the goals and objectives of the 1988 UN Drug Convention, the Department has used the best information it has available. The Year 2000 INCSR covers countries that range from major drug producing and drug-transit countries, where drug control is [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime, drugs and crime, international cooperation]International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (2001) 03/01/2002

By U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

In attempting to evaluate whether countries and certain entities are meeting the goals and objectives of the 1988 UN Drug Convention, the Department has used the best information it has available. The 2002 INCSR covers countries that range from major drug producing and drug-transit countries, where [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime, drugs and crime, international cooperation]International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (2002) 03/01/2003

By U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

The country chapters report upon actions-including plans, programs, and, where applicable, timetables-toward fulfillment of Convention obligations. Because the 1988 UN Drug Convention’s subject matter is so broad and availability of information on elements related to performance under the Convention [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime, drugs and crime, international cooperation]International Narcotics Control Strategy Report 1999 03/01/2000

By Office of International Information Programs

The U.S. State Department’s 1999 report on international narcotics production and trade says that current anti-drug programs are succeeding in disrupting production and trafficking patterns, tightening law enforcement systems and strengthening measures against money laundering. [anti-drug programs , law enforcement , Traffickers, drug trade ]International Narcotics Report Certification Decisions Statements of Explanation 1999 03/01/2000

By Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

Individual statements of explanation for certification of various countries drug trade and control efforts [drugs, drug trafficking, transnational crime]International Organization on Computer Evidence 03/01/1998


In June of 1993, the FBI Laboratory hosted the first International Law Enforcement Conference on Computer Evidence at Quantico, VA. The purpose of this conference was to assess the possibility of achieving a consensus concerning the practice of the emerging discipline of computer forensics. [Cybercrime, law enforcement,Computer Evidence]International Trafficking of Stolen Motor Vehicles 03/01/1998


Organized motor vehicle theft rings operating Within G-8 territories, by means of coordinated investigations to dismantle and disrupt the organizations. [Law Enforcement, stolen motor vehicles, International Trafficking , criminal organizations]Internet Investigations Training Syllabus, US Treasury Dept, Federal Law Enforcement Training Center Financial Fraud Institute 02/01/2002


Criminal investigation via electronic database. In October 1996, pursuant to the recommendations of a Curriculum Review Conference, FFI began presenting a two-hour block on Electronic Sources of Information to students of the Basic Criminal Investigator Training program. The collective response has [Cybercrime ]Introduction of Cybercop Panel at MIT (1996) RealAudio file, requires RealAudio player 02/01/2002


Audio about cybercrime. [Cybercrime, law enforcement]Introduction to IMAPACT 02/01/2002


In 1996, the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) agreed to collaborate with the Department of State, Anti-terrorism Assistance Program (DOS/ATA) to host a Latin America Training Directors’ Conference in the Glynco, Georgia, area for 18 countries [Federal Law Enforcement , IMAPACT, the DEA and FBI , ]Investigative Techniques by Specialise Units in Police Stations – Womens Crime Cells (India) 02/01/2002

By O.C. Sharma

Women cells which exclusively take up complaints from women in matters of dowry and harassment or other allied matters, have been constituted in some big cities to pay particular attention to crimes against women. [Womens Crime Cells, Indian Penal Code, police stations, crimes against women, Violence Against Women, law enforcement]Investigative Techniques of Specialised Police Stations – All Women Police Stations (India) 02/01/2002

By O.C. Sharma

Although the success of women cops in dealing with the cases in which a woman is either the complainant or the accused is still being debated by the state police officials, the experiment certainly proved a trend-setter. Kerala itself now has three Vanitha Police Stations. [Specialised Police Stations, law enforcement]Italian Action on the 40 Recommendations 02/01/2002


These 40 recomendations are the IMPLEMENTATION BY ITALY OF P8-SENIOR EXPERTS GROUP RECOMMENDATIONS TO COMBAT TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME. [criminal offenses jurisdiction,, law enforcement, Organized Crime, drug trafficking]Justicia Penal Y Libertad De Prensa Tomo 1 02/01/2002


El presente volumen contiene las contribuciones de cada uno de los países que abarca la investigación sobre libertad de prensa y derecho penal en Centroamérica y Panamá, como también de los países que intervienen como términos de comparación en Sudamérica (Brasil y Argentina) y en Europa (Alemania, [courts, law enforcement]Justicia penal y libertad de prensa Tomo II 02/01/2002

By Raul Zaffaroni

El presente volumen reune los trabajos finales de investigacion del proyecto “Justicia Penal y Libertad de Prensa en Centroamerica y Panama”, proyecto que, no obstante la delimitacion geografica de su titulo, a efectos de recoger informacion comparada que permitiera inteligir de manera integral la p [corrections, courts, law enforcement]Justicia penal y libertad de prensa. Tomo I 02/01/2002

By Raul Zaffaroni

El presente volumen reune los trabajos finales de investigacion del proyecto “Justicia Penal y Libertad de Prensa en Centroamerica y Panama”, proyecto que, no obstante la delimitacion geografica de su titulo, a efectos de recoger informacion comparada que permitiera inteligir de manera integral la p [corrections, courts, law enforcement]LAPD Gender Balance and Reform Passed by the Los Angeles City Council (United States of America) 02/01/2002


This article is about the National Center for Women and Policing, which was launched by the Feminist Majority Foundation, and is the first nation wide resource for women police. The center seeks to increase the number of women police by providing training, research, education and action programs [Law Enforcement, Equal Opportunity, Women]La policia y su papel en la prevencion del delito 02/01/2002


[police, law enforcement]Law Enforcement Access Network 02/01/2002

By Peter Roberts

THIS PAPER OUTLINES THE LAW ENFORCEMENT ACCESS NETWORK (LEAN) proposal recently announced by the Commonwealth Government. The proposal arose as a direct consequence of the Commonwealth Government’s acceptance of the recommendations in 1987 of the white paper entitled Review of Systems for [law enforcement, LEAN, Investigation, Taxation, Data currency]Law Enforcement Infrastructure Challenges 04/01/2002

By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

As this examination of the law enforcement reveals, local, State, and Federal law enforcement agencies each have their own manifold jurisdictions, and operating procedures. The four issues examined in this paper–radio frequency allocation, terrorism training, information training, and criminal jus [Cybercrime, terrorism, Law Enforcement, National Crime, Critical infrastructure, Domestic Security]Law Enforcement Initiatives to Combat Trafficking in Women and Children 04/01/1997


Trafficking of women for prostitution encompasses other international crimes including alien smuggling and document fraud. The violence and exploitation endured by these women often goes beyond the exploitation suffered by other trafficked migrants. [prostitution, trafficking of women, crime of exploitation, frequently forced, violence against women]Law Enforcement Subgroup Report 10/01/1997


The sub group agreed that the tasks for this meeting were to: – discuss specific project proposals – review projects already underway – conduct a general review of future possibilities [German delegation, Organized Smuggling, Credit Card Fraud, Colombian Organizations, transnational organized crime, trafficking]Law Enforcement Subgroup Summary and Agenda 01/01/1998


This is a summary and agenda for the Law enforcement subroup. A few examples of the summary of this meeting was:Credit Card Fraud project,Organised Smuggling of Iraqi Nationals project, Colombian Organised Crime project and Trafficking in Stolen Vehicles project, to name a few. [LAW ENFORCEMENT, Organised Smuggling, Organised Crime, Stolen Vehicles project]Law Enforcement Subgroup: Chairman’s Summary to Final Plenary Session 11/01/1998


There was three meeting with law enforcement the topics that were covered was:Payment Card Crime – Led by Germany,East European Organised Crime – UK lead, Trafficking in Stolen Vehicles – USA Lead, and Currency Inspections – USA Lead. [Payment Card Crime, Organised Crime, Stolen Vehicles, Currency Inspections]Law Enforcement Subgroup: Summary and Action Agreed at the London Meeting 01/01/1998


This is the Law Enforcement Subgroup: Summary and Action Agreed report. Some of things covered were: credit card fraud project, Organised Smuggling of Iraqi Nationals project, Trafficking in Stolen Vehicles project and Smuggling of Asian People and the Link with Underground Banking. [Credit Card Fraud, Organised Smuggling, Stolen Vehicles, ]Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Assessment Process 02/01/2002

By John Dukovich

Constrained budgets cause law enforcement and corrections departments to more rigorously justify technology purchases. Determine the technologies most cost effective, also, sound quantifiable justifications may help officials get the funding they need. [Law Enforcement, Technology, Corrections, Criminal Justice,]Law Enforcement and Illicit Drug Control 04/01/1999

By Adam Graycar, Diana Nelson and Mick Palmer

A range of options for possible consideration by governments in their law enforcement responses to illicit drug use are presented. These include: high level drug trafficking control; drug seizure; multi-agency supply reduction approaches; street level control; police crackdowns; community policing; [governments, drugs and crime, drug trafficking, police crackdowns, strategies, law enforcement]Law Enforcement and Indigenous Australians 03/01/1999

By Colin Dillon

The AIC said that the 19-year trend of over-representation continues with indigenous deaths accounting for 17 per cent of total deaths in custody.Also, the issues of race and resentment have been woven into the relationship between cops and blacks . [Police, law enforcement]Law Enforcement and Technology 02/01/2002

By Robert Hamdorf

IN AN ENVIRONMENT IN WHICH CRIMINALS HAVE HUGE FINANCIAL backing to concentrate on often narrow fields of endeavour, law enforcement agencies around the world have increasingly become reliant upon sophisticated technology to aid them in the fight against crime. (excerpt from the Author) [law enforcement, technology, crime, offender, witness, computer]Law of Ukraine on State Secrets 04/01/2002

By Security Service of Ukraine

[courts, police, law enforcement]Laws, Regulating Fight Against Crime Need Perfection (Bankers Opinion) 02/01/2002


[economic crime, law enforcement, police]Legal Defense of Law Enforcement Agencies in Criminal Proceedings 02/01/2002


[]Legal Impediments for Information Sharing 02/01/1997

By Legal Foundation

Limiting Liabiblity of the Federal Government,National Security Concerns,Government Protection of Private Sector Information. [Infrastructure,Cybercrime,Privacy,Law Enforcement]Legal/Institutional Subgroup Discussion Paper 10/01/1995


This is the 2 steps in witness protection. [Legal, Witness Protection, law enforcement, transnational crime,]Legislation Dealing with Evidentiary Rules of Other Acts of Sexual Assault or Molestation by a Perpetrator: U.S. Federal Rules of Evidence 413-415 (United States of America) 02/01/2002


Evidentiary rules of other acts of sexual assault or molestation of a perpetrator. [Sexual assault, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Legislation Dealing with Firearms Restrictions – Canadian Criminal Code Section 100 (Canada) 02/01/2002


Orders prohibiting the possession of firearms. [Law enforcement]Legislation Setting Out Standards of Services to Victims of Crime Victim’s Charter, 1996 (United Kingdom) 02/01/2002


It sets out improved and extended standards of service to victims. It tells victims what level of service they should expect from the police, the courts and other agencies from the moment they report a crime. [Victim Support, Victims of Crime, HELP FROM THE POLICE, VICTIM SUPPORT, , law enforcement]Legislation to Clarify Police Powers of Entry – Crimes (Domestic Violence) Amendment Act (New South Wales) section 375-379 (Australia) 02/01/2002


In New South Wales, Australia, under the Crimes (Domestic Violence) Amendment Act, police powers of entry were clarified (s.375F). Police were granted the power to enter premises to investigate the commission of a domestic violence offence, including an offence that was currently occurring or lik [Law enforcement, Domestic Violence, Violence Against Women]Legislative Requirements on Firearm Restrictions – Queensland Weapons Act 1990 (Australia) 02/01/2002


Some of the main topics of this are:Power in dangerous situations, Search, Search warrant, and Seizure and detention of weapons, etc., [guns, Firearm Restrictions, police, law enforcement]List of Participants for November 2000 ICB Meeting 11/01/2000

By Sherman

List of participants. [Law enforcement ]Lyon Group Draft Report to Sous Sherpas 03/01/1998


This report contains: on progress since Denver, proposals for future work, proposed themes for Heads’ discussion, suggested framework for communiqué language. [high tech crime, firearms, law enforcement, legal assistance/extradition, ]Lyon Group Plenary Meeting Agenda 03/01/1998


This is a agenda for the Lyon Group Plenary Meeting. [Crime Convention, High-tech crime, Law enforcement,-Firearms]Main problems related to the Cybercrime 02/01/2002


The technological revolution carried out during this second half of the century, is undoubtedly strongly linked to the progress of the computer science [Cybercrime, sabotage, law enforcement]Managing Medical Retirements in the Police Service 07/01/2001

By Jenny Arnott, Kaite Emmerson

This brief researches the management of police sickness absence and medical retirements. The aim of the research was to provide information on the range of initiatives that have been implemented by by different forces to target these problems. [Retirement, Pension, Police Officers, England, law enforcement]Mandatory Arrest Policies in the United States: A Review and Critique of the Minneapolis Domestic Violence Police Experiment (United States of America) 02/01/2002

By National Institute of Justice and the American Bar Association

Many states in the United States have introduced mandatory arrest policies whereby the discretion of the police to arrest is guided and by such policies. The MinneapolisDomestic Violence Police Experiment which was set up to test the deterrent effect on domestic violence of arrest and other police r [Law enforcement, domestic violence, Violence Against Women]Manual for Justices of the Peace 02/01/2002

By Victor Jose Castellanos Estrella

[police training, law enforcement]Mapping: Tying Data to the Real World 02/01/2002

By David Lewis

This paper will discuss the ways in which GIS may assist in the execution of policing duties. (excerpted from the author) [GIS, police officer, computer technology, MapInfo, law enforcement]Measures to Reduce Violence at Major Public Events: New Year’s Eve 02/01/2002

By Neil Mellor

A report by Neil Mellor for the Australian Institute of Criminology about the measures being taken to reduce violence at Major Public events, specifically New Year’s Eve. [civil disorder, arrest rates, Police Report, Newspaper Coverage, Strategy Development, law enforcement]Measuring What Matters Part Two: Developing Measures of What the Police Do 02/01/2002

By Thomas V. Brady

A report on the practices used by Police Departments to assess whether they are doing their jobs right and whether what they do to keep a level of civility matters. [Police, Citizens, Civility, Accountability, Public, law enforcement]Measuring the Deterrent Effect of Enforcement Operations on Drug Smuggling, 1991-1999 08/01/2001

By Mary Layne, Ann-Marie-Bruen, Patrick Johnson, William Rhodes, Scot Decker, Meg Townsend, Caben Chester, Gary Schaffer, John Lavin

This study takes a mixed qualitative-quantitative approach to studying the deterrent effect of drug enforcement operations on cocaine trafficking. For the purposes of this study, a drug enforcement operation has a deterrent effect if drug smugglers are displaced from a previously preferred method [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime, drugs and crime, international cooperation, law enforcement]Model Protocol for Police Response to Domestic Violence (United States of America) 02/01/2002


The core feature of the model protocol is the provision that police should arrest the assailant in a domestic violence case whenever arrest is authorized. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Moreton Telegraph Station: 1902 The Native Police on Cape York Peninsula 12/01/1999

By Jonathan Richards

In 1896, Police Commissioner Parry-Okeden was ordered to compile a report on North Queensland Aborigines and the Native Police. He spent several months on Cape York Peninsula investigating conditions and made a number of recommendations that were incorporated into the 1897 Aboriginal Protection A [lawful force, race relations, serious crime, police killings, law enforcement]Narcotics Control Report 2000: Southeast Asia and the Pacific 06/01/2002

By U.S. Department of State

Australia is a committed partner in international efforts to combat illicit drugs. Australia is a consumer, rather than a producer, nation. There is no evidence of narcotics destined for the U.S. transiting Australia. U.S. and Australian law enforcement agencies have excellent cooperation on narcoti [Drugs and Crime,International Issues]Narcotics Report on the Asia-Pacific Region 1999 03/01/2000

By Office of International Information Programs

Following is the section of the 1999 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report that covers the Asia-Pacific region [illicit drugs, law enforcement , Drug policy , criminal intelligence, trafficking, transnational crime]National Drug Control Strategy Strategic Goals and Objectives 02/01/2002


Stratgic Goals and Objectives in the fight against drugs, alcohol and tobacco use in America’s youth with Communication, Truth, Love and Honesty. [Drugs and Crime,Law Enforcement,Drug Trade,Addiction,Treatment]National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center Vision, Mission and Strategy 01/01/1999

By Wayne P. Williams

A slide show presentation about NCTP vision, mission, and strategy. It is an electronic crimes needs assessment workshop [Cybercrime]National Police Custody Survey August 1995 02/01/2002

By Carlos Carcach and David McDonald

This report of the third National Police Custody Survey, which was a joint venture between the Australian Institute of Criminology and police services throughout Australia, records data and information on those in police custody during the month of August 1995. It covers the following variables: age [police custody, data, age, gender, Aboriginality, law enforcement]Neighbourhood Watch: Issues and Policy Implications 02/01/2002

By Satyanshu Mukherjee and Paul Wilson

A report by Satyanshu Mukherjee and Paul Wilson for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Neighborhood watches in Australia; the rise in incidents of car theft, burglary and rape in neighborhoods where citizens feel that crime prevention is the sole responsibility of the Police. [Australia, crime, burglaries, police, citizens, law enforcement]Networking Crime Prevention 02/01/2002

By Viktor Urjadko and Graham Setchell

There are many resources for crime prevention in the community. It is a matter of effectively networking them to get results. (excerpted from the Authors) [Function specific, education,police, corrections,Network communication, law enforcement]New Information Technologies – the Process of Increasing the Qualifications of Law Enforcement Workers 05/01/2002


[]Nigerian Advance Fee Fraud 07/01/1999

By Russell G. Smith, Michael N. Holmes and Philip Kaufman

Publicity has recently been given to the problem of advance fee fraud, particularly involving a group of Nigerian nationals. This paper examines the nature of this phenomenon, explains the reasons behind its development and investigates the way in which its occurrence has escalated. It also examines [Advance fee fraud, Nigerian nationals, traditional law enforcement measures ]Non-Lethal Incapacitation 02/01/2002

By Robert Hamdorf

Apart from the adoption of a Situational Force Model approach to the application of force and a greater emphasis on the training in and use of tactical communications, there are no firm thoughts on which, if any, of the other non-lethal weapon options should be adopted by Australian law enforceme [non-lethal force, police administrations, deadly force, injury, death, Australia, law enforcement]Note of Meeting of the Law Enforcement Sub-Group 01/01/1998


The Law Enforcement Projects Sub-Group agreed that their tasks for the meeting were to: Discuss specific project proposals and agree a way forward. Review projects currently underway. Identify future possibilities for project based action. [transnational organized crime, police, Smuggling, Trafficking, law enforcement]Notes on Discussion Guide for the Expert Meeting: Issues Relating to the Investigation of Computer Crime 02/01/2002

By Peter Grabosky

Computer related crimes. Whether its is legal for law enforcement agencies to engage in this activity to obtain information for criminal intelligence purposes (as opposed to evidentiary purposes) will depend on the law prevailing in each jurisdiction. [Cybercrime, law enforcement]November 10-14, 1999 Conference in Kyiv: Action Plan (English, .rtf, 11K) 11/01/1999


Action plans, a list of things to do. [Law enforcement]OSCE Defines Trafficking in Human Beings as Slavery 11/01/1999

By Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.

OSCE defines Trafficking in Human Beings as Slavery. It predominately involves women and children. [Human Trafficking,Human Rights,Victims of Crime,Law Enforcement,International Issues, violence against women]Observations on a Possible Agenda for a Workshop on Computer-Related Crime 02/01/2002

By P.N. Grabosky

Computer related crimes. The extent to which the telecommunications industry may be required to assist in the control of computer related crime will vary depending on the law enforcement and regulatory philosophies of respective nations [Cybercrime, Prevention of Crime, Treatment of Offenders, law enforcement]Offences Under the Criminal Law Relating to Child Abuse in France 02/01/2002


Sexual assault against minors [Law enforcement]Offender Treatment Programme – The Nonbeating Choice: Alternative to Violence (Finland) 02/01/2002

By Sirkka Liisa Aaltio, Pirkko Kiviaho, Lasse Reijomaa

This article is about a project called the non-beating choice which was set up as a support centre for breaking off from family violence where men could discuss their violent behaviour and take part in treatment programmes. [Domestic Violence, Victims of Crime, Law Enforcement, Violence Against Women]On the Participation of Federal Bodies of the Russian Tax Police in Fighting International Organized Crime 03/01/1998


On behalf of the Russian delegation and the Russian National Center of Interpol I express my gratitude for the opportunity to tell you about the participation of the federal bodies of the Russian Tax Police in fighting organized crime. [fighting organized crime., law protecting agency, Tax Police,, , law enforcement]Opening Address, 3rd National Outlook Symposium on Crime in Australia 03/01/1999


In order to adequately deal with the reduction of Crime in the communities,Australian authorities decided to employ a variety of it’s law enforcement institutions that will continously study, evaluate, and fight assaults and crimes. [Crime, Law enforcement, theft, sexual assault]Operation Osprey Status Report 11/01/1998


Operation Osprey is a child pornography initiative that was initiated in April 1998 by England. It consisted of three phases targeting arriving Passengers from pre selected flights, mail parcels and entry of child pornography via the Internet. [child pornography, law enforcement, high risk]Opportunity and Desire: Making Prevention Relevant to the Criminal and Social Environment 06/01/1991

By Kayleen M. Hazelhurst

This paper compares three different styles of crime control that have prevailed in the police departments of Los Angeles, Minneapolis and Houston. (excerpted from this article) [police, crime prevention, opportunity-situational, Social Base, Community Ownership, law enforcement]Organisations as Victims of Fraud, and How They Deal with It 09/01/1999

By Russell G. Smith

How organisations respond to commercial crime is the focus of this paper. It identifies the scope of the problem and details a number of ways in which those who manage organisations are best able to deal with it. Smith considers why fraud should be reported to the authorities and describes ways in w [commercial crime, organisations, fraud, report economic crimes, police, law enforcement]Organized Crime in the Federal Republic of Germany: The Situation in 1996 04/01/1997


The Situation Report on Organized Crime is a survey of all OC-related criminal cases handled by the criminal justice authorities that concentrates on fundamental aspects of the information gathered. [organized crime, Russian Customs Criminal Investigation, SITUATION OVERVIEW, Criminal Police, law enforcement]Overheads for Domestic Violence Training Curriculum 02/01/2002

By C.R. Smith

This teaching curriculum is designed to assist law enforcement agencies in helping police officers better understand and service the public when dealing with domestic violence in the community. The lesson plan discusses several key areas of domestic violence. For more got to (http://www/ [Domestic Violence, Law Enforcement, Victims of Crime, Violence Against Women]Oversight of U.S.-Mexico Counternarcotics Efforts 03/01/1999

By Rand Beers

The relationship between Mexico and the United States is one of the most multifaceted and dynamic we enjoy with any other nation. New ties and relationships form every day. [Drugs and Crime, Law enforcement, Human Rights]Overview of Crime Prevention in Queensland 02/01/2002

By Carol Dalglish

Crime and crime control are very complex issues and relate not just to the police and the criminal justice system but to the way society operates as a whole. Reported crimes in Australia have risen by over 60 per cent, from 845,923 in 1980/81 to 1.41 million in 1988/89 (Mukherjee & Dagger 1990). [Fitzgerald Inquiry, Queensland Police Service, Corporate Plan, Initiatives, Regional strategy, Aboriginal Community, law enforcement]Overview of the Theory of Diversion 10/01/1999

By Rick Sarre

In order for practitioners to divert successfully Indigenous Australians from vortex-like aspects of the criminal justice system, it is important for them to have an appreciation of the difficulties that have beset the attempts of their predecessors.The impetus for change came from a combination [criminal justice, police cells, prison populations, legal factors, law enforcement]PERSONNEL AND MATERIAL TECHNICAL EQUIPMENT OF THE LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES 02/01/2002


[]Paedophilia and Sexual Offences: Evaluation of UK project Against Youth 02/01/2002


The analysis of problems arising from child exploitation, which engages magistrates and law enforcement agencies in a constant effort to prevent and combat these offenses, includes any behaviour falling within the concept of “child abuse”, i.e. all forms of physical or mental violence [violence, sexual abuse, sexual offenses, law enforcement, trafficking of children,]Patterns of Drug Use Amongst Police Detainees: 1999-2000 02/01/2002

By Toni Makkai, Doug Johnson, Wendy Loxley

Drug Use Monitoring in Australia is the only project in Australia that is routinely monitoring the use of illicit drugs by people detained by police. The results presented in this paper describe the extent of illicit drug use every three months in four sites across Australia. (Abstract from [drugs, narcotics, drug abuse, drug use, drug monitoring, law enforcement, detainees]Penal Code of Argentina 02/01/2002


[law enforcement, police]Police & Private Security: Possible Directions 02/01/2002

By Bruce Swanton

Over the last one and a half centuries the police have played a major role in assisting societies to protect themselves and their resources from harm. However, increased demands for protection and financial constraints of governments have created an environment in which private agencies are taking a [Police, Security, Private, Provision, Protection., law enforcement]Police Cautioning: Effective Diversion or Expedience? 02/01/2002

By Ann Lewis and Clement O’Regan

There has been a change of emphasis by the Queensland Police Service in recent times when developing policies and strategies for dealing with juvenile offenders. Improved police training will assist police to deal more sensitively with juveniles especially as the positive skills of recent training [juvenile offenders, criminal justice, criminal offences, quasi-criminal offences, police service, young offender, law enforcement]Police General Order for Consistent Enforcement – Duluth Police Department, Duluth, Minnesota (United States of America) 11/01/1993

By Duluth Police Department

Proper procedures for arresting someone in a Domestic Violence case. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Police Numbers Task Force: Report and Recommendations (consultation document) 02/01/2002


This task force was established to look at the problems with existing data on police numbers and to produce recommendation for how this data might be improved. [Police, Numbers, Task Force, law enforcement]Police Order Regarding the Data to be Contained on Incident Reports: Department Special Order 08/12/81 – San Francisco Police Department (United States of America) 08/01/1981

By San Francisco Police Department

List of data to be included in arrest reports for domestic violence [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Police Performance and Activity Measurement 02/01/2002

By Vikki Dadds and Tammy Scheide

Traditional indicators of police performance are insufficient. Therefore, improved knowledge of how police spend their time through activity measurement provides management information that has the potential to support many critical decisions and processes affecting police agencies. A broad example, [Police, Performance, Activity, Agencies, Australia, law enforcement]Police Resource Allocation 02/01/2002

By Catherine Bright and John Walker

Some research has suggested that the association between violent crime and economic hardship is due to the increased frequency of aggressive acts due to frustrations resulting from economic hardship, and the supposedly inherently more violent working class culture. High population density, crowded a [urbanisation, law and order services, police, socioeconomic, population, law enforcement]Police Service Strength England and Wales, 30 September 2001 12/01/2001

By David Povey and Sonia Rundle

Statistical report of Police Strength in England and Wales. [Police, Criminal Policy, law enforcement]Police Shootings 1990-97 06/01/1998

By Vicki Dalton

Between 1990 and 1997, 75 people were shot in confrontations with police. Forty-one were shot by police officers and 33 died from self-inflicted gunshot wounds. This paper examines the 41 cases in which police shot people whom they were attempting to detain. Following a peak year in Victoria in 1994 [Police, Shootings, Australia, Firearms, Deaths, law enforcement]Police Technology: Asia Pacific Police Technology Conference Opening Address 02/01/2002

By Michael Tate

As is evident from the conference program, Australian law enforcement agencies have made a considerable investment in the application of technology that will assist them in their work. This investment is proving, and will continue to prove, that Australia is indeed becoming smarter and cleverer. [conference, technology, Asia, police, technology, law enforcement]Police Training Activities for the Prevention and Control of Drug Abuse 02/01/2002

By Tom Ellis, Carla Ippoliti

This project was an attempt towards gaining knowledge about police drugs training courses internationally. Within the limits of its reach and methodology, it provided a flavour of the differences in approaches used in selected countries and a better idea of how to study and compare training of this [drug abuse, police training, law enforcement]Police and Prosecution 03/01/1999

By Tony Krone

It is convenient to consider the boundary between police and the prosecutor in two stages. The first is during the investigation up to the point of charging. The second is following arrest or charge while the prosecution is being conducted. [Criminal cases, courts, prosecution, Police, law enforcement]Policing Domestic Violence 03/01/1999

By Sue Anderson

The Domestic Violence Crisis Service became operational in the ACT in 1988, as a response to a recommendation of the Law Reform Commission in its Report on Domestic Violence 1986. The service is a continuation of the Domestic Violence Telephone Information and Referral Service, which started in 1 [Victims of crime, domestic violence, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Policing a Multicultural Society 04/01/2003

By Israel National Police, Community & Civil Guard Department

This special issue highlights papers presented at a conference co-chaired by the National Institute of Justice and the Israel National Police’s Community & Civil Guard Department on policing a multi cultural society. [policy, community policing]Policing in Emerging Democracies – Working Papers and Documents 02/01/2002


Workshop papers re: Policing in Emerging Democracies featuring an Address by the Attorney General. [Law Enforcement, American, Democratic, Policing, Hungary, Romania]Policy on the Responsibilities of Police Officers in Spousal Assault Cases – Department of Justice Canada, Crown Counsel Policy Manual 1993 Part V, Chapter 7 on Spousal Assault (Canada) 02/01/2002


Prosecution of spousal violence. [Law enforcement]Position Paper: Canadian Response to the Questions Raised in the Discussion Guide for the Expert Meeting 10/01/1998


Problems in various countries concerning the investigation of crimes related to computer network. [Cybercrime, technology, Law Enforcement, International Issues, Privacy]Position Paper: Scope and Underlying Issues of the Workshop 10/01/1998

By Donald K. Piragoff

Scope and underlyiing issues of the workshop to be held during thr tenth United Nations Congress on the prevention of crime and the treatment of offenders. [Cybercrime, technology, Law Enforcement, International Issues, Privacy]Preparatory Document for Boston Meeting of the Law Enforcement Subgroup 10/01/1997


The UK papers comprise a general statement of national priorities and a specific project proposal for a study of Colombian criminal organisations. [Criminal Intelligence, cocaine trafficking, organized crime, drug trafficking]Preventing Assaults on Taxi Drivers in Australia 02/01/2002

By Claire Mayhew

A range of preventive strategies can reduce the risk of assaults on taxi drivers, based on target hardening, technological interventions, improved surveillance, and cashless technologies. These are discussed within the paper along with issues relating to training and policy initiatives. It is sugges [policy, law enforcement, cashless, protection, crime, target hardening, surveillance, technology]Preventing Crime: Citizens” Experience Across the World 02/01/2002

By Anna Alvazzi del Frate

The International Crime (Victim) Survey (IC(V)S) is a comparative research exercise that has so far involved more than fifty countries. It was built on the pioneering work undertaken in 1989 and on pilot projects carried out before, and has now reached its third “sweep”. The survey is an endeavour c [reporting, police, fear of crime, crime prevention, punishment, attitudes, insecurity, police community relations, law enforcement]Preventing Criminal Victimisation: The Case for an Intersectoral Response to Victimisation: A South Australian Perspective 02/01/2002

By David Hunt

This paper acknowledges the need to develop and implement creative ways to help solve criminal victimisation and related issues (including the alleviation or elimination of secondary victimisation). This view is predicated on the belief that criminal justice agencies and other service providers need [police, criminal justice system, neglect, crime victims, support, law enforcement]Preventing Homicide Through Trial and Error 02/01/2002

By Lawrence W. Sherman

This paper will begin by explaining and illustrating the range of trial and error methods, especially in light of recent experiments in domestic violence control. It will then suggest four key targets for homicide prevention, areas in which the payoff from successful learning could be very great in [police, domestic violence, homicide, crime prevention, domestic violence, Violence against women, law enforcement]Preventing Violence and Crime 03/01/1999

By Yvonne Korn

NCP’s first set of priorities have covered: fear of crime, burglary, domestic violence, young [Crime prevention, domestic violence, violence against women, law enforcement, juvenile crime]Principles and Plans of Action to Combat Organized Smuggling of Human Beings 11/01/1998


One of the common ideas formed at the meeting in Koblenz is that, although G8 states should lead the international community in dealing with this problem, we must cooperate with states of origin and transit, for the problem cannot be solved only by the G8 states. [Organized Smuggling of Human Beings, Illegal Migration, Alien Smuggling, Law Enforcement]Problems With Defending Crimes Against the Environment 02/01/2002

By Philip Clifford and Sharon Ivey

Individuals or companies who wantonly and wilfully damage the environment or who are grossly negligent ought to be punished. Those are propositions which are unlikely to meet with much resistance. Like other areas of law which affect public health and safety, the environment ought to be subject to r [environment,public health,safety,regulatory control, police,enforce,protection, law enforcement]Problems of Legislation in the Area of Computer Related Crime 01/01/1997


The impressive changes in nowadays information society, enhanced by computer technology, telecommunication, entertainment electronics and audiovisualized media growing more and more together, have, with their all embracing impact on administration, the business world and private citizens, become [Cybercrime, telecommunication, entertainment electronics, computer-assisted economic crime]Prohibition in Legislation of Female Genital Mutilation. French Penal Code Art 312-3 (France) 02/01/2002


Violence resulting in mutilation [Law enforcement, violence against women]Project Based Initiative: Nigerian Transnational Organized Crime Transnational Crime, Issue-Intellectual Property Rights Counterfeiting: Issues and Recommendations 01/01/1997


The U.S. Secret Service currently participates in a multinational task force consisting of over 35 countries experiencing a NOC problem. The Service shares and receives intelligence from these member agencies in an effort to combat Nigerian crime on a transnational basis. [Dept. of treasury, Justice & Treasury, Federal law enforcement, transnational organized crime]Project-Based Action Against Transnational Organized Crime: Practical Guidance 02/01/1996


This is about the key tasks for the law enforcements response are to understand the pattern of activity and to attack the group at it’s weakest points. [organized criminals, law enforcement, motivation, , transnational organized crime]Proposal for a Discussion of Illicit Drugs 10/01/1997


The Denver Summit in June 1997 reaffirmed the importance of illicit drugs as a global issue and asked the appropriate government agencies to build on existing cooperation to address the threat. [ILLICIT DRUGS, trafficking, drug-free economies, law enforcement, drug trafficking]Proposal on Immigration 11/01/1995


Possible framework and terms of reference for consultations and exchange of information to assist in the monitoring and control of the transnational movement of organized criminals and their role in illegal immigration. [ORGANIZED CRIME, IMMIGRATION, police and intelligence, illegal movement, law enforcement]Proposal-Investigative Scenarios: Identifying the Source or Destination of Communications 04/01/1997


Member states are expected to provide their substantive criminal law provisions relating to computer crime as well as current procedures in their national legislation to obtain and share computer and network information on electronic traffic, account holders,and communications content. [Traffic, Audit trails, Law Enforcement, High tech crime]Proposal: Commercial Crimes (Non-Narcotic) Money Laundering 01/01/1998


Proceeds of crime or illicitly derived financial assets transported within the P-8 Some examples of the stolen property/funds transported include: proceeds from the sale of stolen raw materials and other government property, frauds against the governments, proceeds of white collar fraud schemes a [fraudulent shares, offshore banks, Law enforcement, stolen property/]Proposal: Criminal Financial Transactions of International Criminal Organizations Operating in Eastern Europe (An Adjunct Project Proposal to the Ongoing G-8 Eastern European Organized Crime Project) 03/01/1998


Eastern European criminal organizations and groups involved with the transnational movement and flow of the financial proceeds of criminal activity. [Law enforcement, criminal organizations, criminal enterprises, Eastern European]Proposal: Study of Eastern European Criminal Organisations 01/01/1998


To assess the extent of Eastern European organised criminality within G8 countries; to identify areas where international co-operation against them will prove effective; to create and maintain a directory of intelligence on major groups and individuals operating within G8 counties and other speci [LAW ENFORCEMENT, organised crime., ]Propositions of the German Federal Criminal Investigation Office (BKA) to Take Forward the Recommendations of the P8 Law Enforcement Conference on the Illicit Traffic in Firearms 04/01/1997


One of the propositions: General condition for support activities in the field of police cooperation is the collection of relevant national information to be forwarded to member states later. [LAW ENFORCEMENT, ILLICIT TRAFFIC, firearms laws, ]Prosecutorial Supervision of Criminal Investigations 02/01/2002


[police, law enforcement, criminla investigation]Protecting Counter and Interviewing Staff from Client Aggression 02/01/2002

By Bruce Swanton and Daryl Webber

This work looks at various forms of workplace aggression, the public contact environment, personal contact skills, terminating client contact and post incident administration. It adopts a prevention oriented approach, directed at personnel and office managers concerned to protect their staff from cl [aggression, eployees, western countries, police, Client motivation, law enforcement]Protecting Superannuation from Criminal Exploitation 02/01/2002

By Adam Graycar

These papers comprise the formal presentations at a conference entitled “Superannuation Crime” held in 1996. They cover a range of preventive and detective approaches to superannuation crime. They include broad overviews as well as specifics such as the perspectives of police, the National Crime Aut [Superannuation Crime, preventive approaches, detective approaches, police, auditors , law enforcement]Provisional Report of Firearms Subgroup 11/01/1996


In its 4th Meeting in Paris in April 1996, P8-Senior Experts Group on Transnational Organized Crime, which had been established on the basis of Chairman’s Statement at Halifax Summit, adopted the 40 recommendations which included a recommendation on the firearms enforcement as Paragraph 23.( [LAW ENFORCEMENT CONFERENCE, ILLICIT TRAFFIC, National Police Agency]Public Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights 02/01/2002

By Gregor Urbas

The role of traditional public law enforcement agencies in the protection of intellectual property has become subject to increasing uncertainty. This paper assesses that role through recent experiences of Australian customs, police and prosecution agencies. It does that by considering the impact of [customs, copyright, itellectual property, legislation, law, trademarks, enforcement]Queensland Police Service Aboriginal/Police Relations 02/01/2002

By Terry Tyler and Dianne Jeans

The specific policies, procedures, and programs outlined indicate the commitment by all levels of the service, including the Commissioner and executive officers, to improve relations between police and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. They are only part of the reform process which is [Police, Aboriginal, cross-cultural, Communication, Training, law enforcement]Questionnaire Regarding Video Conferencing Capabilities of the Eight 01/01/1999


This is a Questionnaire Regarding Video Conferencing Capabilities of the eight. [law enforcement, perjury, courts or law]R. Rand Beers, Assistant Secretary Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Statement at the U.S.-EU Consultative Group Meeting Brussels, Belgium, November 10, 1998 11/01/1998

By R. Rand Beers

The Special Session underscored that no nation is immune from drug abuse. As Congressman Gilman said in his statement, “We are all targets.” The wholesale price for cocaine is higher in Europe than in the United States [drug trafficking , law enforcement, illegal drug trade , coca cultivation]RACIAL PROFILING Fact Sheet 06/01/2003

By U.S. Department of Justice

Guidlines from the United States Department of Justice on the use of racial profiling in law enforcement [law enforcement, civil rights]Raising Awareness: Domestic Violence Workplace Education Day United States of America 10/01/1998

By National Workplace Resource Center on Domestic Violence

Raising Awareness: “Domestic Violence Workplace Education Day” ManyCompanies around the United States held events to help raise the awareness of their employees about Domestic Violence and how to spot it. [Domsetic Violence, Women’s Safety, Law Enforcement, Victims of Crime, Violence Against Women]Rand Beers Assistant Secretary for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs Statement before the Senate Caucus on International Narcotics Control Washington, DC, September 21, 1999 09/01/1999

By Rand Beers

It is difficult to describe the current situation in Colombia without sounding alarmist. Colombia”s national sovereignty is increasingly threatened — not from anti-democratic elements in the military or the political sphere, but from well-armed and ruthless guerrillas, paramilitaries, and the nar [Law Enforcement , narcotics trafficking , monitoring and enforcement , Colombia]Recent Developments in Crime Statistics and in Correctional Research in England 10/01/2000

By Chris Lewis

Based on reported rsults of surveys conducted by British researchers, Crime rate has been on the decline for a long period of time :There was a fall between 1997 and 1999 in nearly all the offences it measures:21% for burglary: 15% for vehicle-related theft: but robbery increased by 14%,The 10% [Crime, police, violence, law enforcement]Reducing crime and fear using two-way radio in communities. 02/01/2002

By Martin Wright

This paper will discuss the national debate surrounding crime reduction, police patrol and public reassurance within the context of radio links. It will relate the story of the development of three such systems, primarily within the West Midlands Police area and review the research into their effect [crime and disorder , safer communities , symbolic reassurance , Office Police Research Group , law enforcement]Remand Imprisonment in Australia 02/01/2002

By David Biles

A report by David Biles for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Remand Imprisonment in Australia. [imprisonment, prisons, overcrowding, law enforcement, incarceration, law, policy, court, trial, jail]Report of Plenary Session 01/01/1997


Building upon the achievements of the Canadian and French presidencies, the Lyon Group continued to seek consensus on concrete, practical actions the Group can take to enhance the global effort against transnational organized crime. [promote law enforcement, transnational organized crime., High Tech/Computer Crime.]Report of the 2nd Seminar on Anti-Corruption Strategies 02/01/2002


The Second Seminar on Anti-Corruption Strategies for Central and Eastern European Countries (Seminar) was held at the International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA), Budapest, Hungary, from 25 to 28 May 1998. The Seminar was organised by UNICRI and generously funded by the United States Department of [Political/Administrative corruption, Economic corruption]Report of the Secretary General on the use and application of United Nations standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice 02/01/2002

By Secretary-General

The present report highlights recent developments in the promotion of the use and application of existing United Nations standards and norms, pursuant to Economic and Social Cou ncil resolutions 1993/34 and 1997/32, focusing on ways and means of improving current procedures. It also contains informa [policy, coordination, juvenile justice, victims, abuse of power, law enforcement, children, human rights]Report of the Secretary-General on United Nations standards and norms in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice 04/01/1996

By Secretary-General

The present report gives an overview of activities which aim at the promotion of the use and application of existing United Nations standards and norms in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice, pursuant to Economic and Social Council resolutions 1992/22, section VII, of 30 July 1992, 19 [law enforcement, principles of justice, capital punishment, human rights, women]Report on Bramshill Firearms Subgroup Meeting 04/01/1997


At the meeting of the P8 Lyon Group in Washington between 21-23 January 1997, the United Kingdom offered to host a meeting of law enforcement managers (senior officers from operational agencies) to:make concise and focused recommendations on good practice; and, discuss proposals for specific proje [ORGANISED CRIME, law enforcement, WEST AFRICAN ORGANISED CRIME, multiple identities]Report on the Seminar for Legislators on Improving the Administration of Justice 02/01/2002


[law enforcement, police, courts]Reporting Crime to the Police 02/01/2002

By Carlos Carcach

A report by Carlos Carcach for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Reporting Crime to the Police. [Crimes, Victims, Incidents, Behavior, Assaults, Police, law enforcement]Request for Guidance on Transborder Search and Seizure Issues 11/01/1998


The purpose of this memorandum is to obtain guidance from senior policy makers, and perhaps from Ministers, regarding the Subgroup’s future work on transborder search and seizure. As you know, at the Washington Ministerial our Ministers agreed “Transborder electronic access by law enf [law enforcement, organized crime, legal assistance,, electronic environment,]Research Brief: Police Work and Health Impacts 02/01/2002

By Bruce Swanton

On 29 July 1987, Queensland police conducted a dawn raid on a Brisbane house in search of one of Australia’s most wanted criminals. A shoot-out followed which left one police officer dead and another wounded. The wanted man was also killed. This recent event is dramatic illustration of the grave dan [police, criminals, health, safety, work, law enforcement]Response to Proposal Submitted by Japan: Smuggling of Asian People and the Connection with Underground Banking Systems 01/01/1998


Smuggling of Asian aliens and the criminal use of underground banking systems are clearly international crime problems. The United States agrees that the smuggling of Asian people and the links between Asian smuggling and the underground banking systems are subjects worthy of further study and ev [Asian aliens, underground banking, Asian smuggling, law enforcement agencies, human trafficking, transnational organized crime, violence against women]Response to Proposal Submitted by the UK: West African Organized Crime (WAOC) Information and Intelligence Exchange Procedures (Use of Interpol X-400 System) 01/01/1998


The ready exchange of information and intelligence between law enforcement agencies is essential to successfully combat the furtherance of West African criminal activity. To maximize the effectiveness of law enforcement, nationally and internationally, [law enforcement, West African , ORGANIZED CRIME, Anti-Drug Network]Responses to Pressure: A History of Policy Approaches to the Management of Trauma in the Police Service 12/01/1999

By Dr Mragaret Mitchell

The debate about how ‘stressful’ police work is, and whether it is ‘appropriate’ for police officers to be affected by their work has exercised the minds of those in the police service for the past several decades.There are differing views on these subjects, for example, in [stressful, police culture, violent offenders, safety, law enforcement]Restorative Justice and Deterring Crime 02/01/2002

By Lawrence W Sherman and Heather Strang

The Canberra reintegrative shaming experiments indicate that offenders are more deterred from repeat offending after experiencing the restorative justice approach of diversionary conferencing than after court proceedings. Drink drivers predict more dire consequences especially with their families, i [Experiments, Drink, Court, Canberra police, Criminology, law enforcement]Retention of police officers: a study of resignations and transfers in ten forces 05/01/2004

By Christine Cooper and Samantha Ingram

Recruiting and retaining staff in the public sector is a problem of national concern. This report shows that the police service has a better than average record in both recruitment and retention. There is at the moment a record number of officers and the rate of leaving is much lower than for most [law enforcement]Russian Mafia in America: Immigration, Culture, and Crime 02/01/2002

By Jay S. Albanese

Russian Mafia in America examines Russian organized crime in the United States. Law enforcement sources and interviews are used to analyze intelligence, indictments, and trial transcripts for cases involving crimes by Russian emigres. The study focuses primarily on the New York City metropolitan a [Mafia, Russia, America, Criminal]Russian Mafia in America: Immigration, Culture, and Crime 01/01/1998

By James O. Finckenauer and Elin J. Waring

Russian Mafia in America examines Russian organized crime in the United States. Law enforcement sources and interviews are used to analyze intelligence, indictments, and trial transcripts for cases involving crimes by Russian emigres. The study focuses primarily on the New York City metropolitan a [Organized Crime,Russian Mafia,Black Market,Law Enforcement]STOP Violence Against Women Formula Grants Program, US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs: Violence Against Women Grants Office (United States of America) 02/01/2002


The S-T-O- P (Services Training Officers Prosecutors) Violence Against Women Formula Grants Program, hereinafter referred to as the S-T-O-P Program, promotes a coordinated, multi-disciplinary approach to improving the criminal justice system’s response to violence against women. This approach env [domestic violence, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Safety Audits and the Duluth Model (United States of America) 02/01/2002

By Ellen Pence and Coral McDonnell

An exerpt from Pence and McDonnell’s article “Safety Audits and the Duluth Model” which is about the Duluth model of policy making in regard to Domestic Violence. [Domestic Violence, Victims of Crime, Law Enforcement, Policy Making, Violence Against Women]Santiago Atitlan. Community organization and security of the inhabitants: a challenge for p 02/01/2002


[law enforcement, police]Security of Public Places: An Overview 02/01/2002

By Graham Bourman

THE EMPHASIS OF THIS PAPER WILL BE ON THE PROTECTIVE SECURITY OF assets and installations in which the federal or a state government has an interest. This accords with the broad charter of the Australian Protective Service (APS). (excerpted from the Author) [protective security, federal government, state government, law enforcement, public]Seguridad ciudadana y policia en Centroamerica: esfuerzos regionales en marcha 02/01/2002


[police, law enforcement]Senior Experts Group 40 Recommendations 04/01/1996


This report is about combating transitional organized crime efficiently and to give recomendations on how to do this. [Criminal offenses, law enforcement, mutual assistance, ]Senior Experts Group Proposals Concerning Asset Forfeiture 03/01/1998


Suggests ways of using asset forfeiture in law enforcement and criminal justice. [money laundering, law enforcement, Organized Transnational Crime, forfeiture agreements.]Singapore’s Criminal Law And Justice System 06/01/2002

By The ‘Lectric Law Library

An article on the history and current Criminal Law and Justice System in Singapore. [Law enforcement, Criminal Justice System, Singapore]Smuggling Asian People/Underground Banking Law Enforcement Project (Overhead Projection Sheets) 01/01/1998


Reasons for people using underground banking like: AVOID CUSTOMER IDENTIFICATION, and conclusions for example:THE IMPORTANCE OF STRICT BORDER CONTROL: INCLUDING WIRE TRANSFER, CRIMINAL ORGANIZATIONS. [human trafficking, CUSTOMER IDENTIFICATION, UNSAFE POSTAL SERVICE, SMUGGLING PEOPLE,violence against women, transnational organized crime]Specialized Domestic Violence Courts Provide Safety Measures for Victims – Domestic Violence Courts in Ontario (Canada) 12/01/1997


The focus on prevention and breaking the cycle of domestic abuse while ensuring that abusers are held accountable for their crimes. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Speech by President Clinton on Optimizing the Full Range of U.S. Efforts to Fight International Crime 10/01/1995

By President Clinton

Achieving U.S. national security, foreign policy and law enforcement goals requires us to optimize efforts to fight international crime. [Drugs and Crime, Law enforcement]Stalking: Policing and Prosecuting Practices in Three Australian Jurisdictions 02/01/2002

By Emma Ogilvie

Stalking trends as indicated by police and court data across Victoria, South Australia and Queensland are examined. As legislation and enforcement practices vary significantly across these jurisdictions, direct comparisons are not possible. Ogilvie outlines specific considerations that need to be ta [Stalking, Police, Courts, Law enforcement, violence against women]State Department on Thai Seizure of 126 Kilograms of Heroin 01/01/2000


Law enforcement authorities in Thailand seized 126 kilograms of heroin last week at Bangkok’s Don Muang airport before it could be shipped to North America. This was not a chance occurrence. [Law enforcement , trafficking, Thai Police , Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs]Statement by Attorney General Janet Reno on the Meeting of Justice and Interior Ministers of the Eight 12/01/1997


Today, we reached agreements that will boost our ability to combat international high-tech and computer-related crime and help us better assist each other in a broad range of law enforcement matters. Officials from our nations have been hard at work at this for the past year. (courtesy of USDOJ) [Cybercrime]Statement by Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright U.S. Assistance to Colombia 02/01/2002

By Madeleine K. Albright

We have a profound interest in helping Colombia to achieve these closely-linked goals. Four-fifths of the cocaine entering our country either comes from Colombia or is transported through it. [policy and law, human rights crimes, law enforcement , judicial officials]Status of Counternarcotics Efforts in Mexico (Testimony, 03/18/98, GAO/T-NSIAD-98-129) 03/01/1998


The Mexican government’s efforts to combat drug trafficking, and relared crimes has led to the involvement of the United States in the extradition of the drug criminals on the U.S. soil. Law enforcement agencies have been employed to help improve the effectiveness of these efforts. [extradition, drug criminals , law enforcement agencies , drug trafficking]Stopping Money Laundering Requires International Cooperation 02/01/2000

By Barry R, McCaffrey, Director Office of National Drug Control Policy

Stopping Money Laundering Requires International Cooperation.An essential aspect of the fight against illegal drugs is an attack upon the profits made by the drug cartels. Traffickers enter the drug business as a quick way to make money. [Money Laundering,Drug Trafficking,Organized Crime,Terrorism.Law Enforcement]Strategic Planning and Performance Evaluation for Operational Policing 02/01/2002

By Jim Hann and Bruce Mortimer

This paper reviews modern approaches to planning and evaluation, and summarises the key elements of planning in large organisations similar to police services. These elements include the top-down communication of corporate vision, goals and core values, and the involvement of operational staff in [community, government, reform, police services, Planning, Evaluation, law enforcement]Strengthening Accountability in the New Global Police Culture 09/01/1999

By Christopher Stone

Around the globe, nations formerly governed by authoritarian regimes are embracing democracy, yet the police in many of these states are becoming more powerful and sometimes more brutal—not more restrained. This paradox is evident in countries as different as Hungary, Brazil, and South Africa [Law Enforcement,Corruption,Organized Crime,Terrorism]Strengthening the Rule of Law by an Enhanced Network of Control Measures and Improved Law Enforcement Cooperation and Legislative Review 06/01/2002


The article discusses drug production, trafficking, and use in Southeast Asia. [Drugs and Crimes,Law enforcement,Money laundering,International Issues,Drug trade,Drug trafficking]THE NATIONAL CYBERCRIME TRAINING PARTNERSHIP 02/01/1999

By Wayne P. Williams

The explosive growth in the use of computers and electronic networks such as the Internet poses a difficult and rapidly expanding challenge for all levels of law enforcement. [Cybercrime]Talking to Industry 03/01/1998


The Washington communiqué dated 10 December, in discussing the response en high-tech crime, recognised that effective solutions will require unprecedented co-operation between government and industry. [United Kingdom, law enforcement, computer generated evidence, illegal material;]Technology and the Private Security Industry 02/01/2002

By John Hemsley

SECURITY COMPANIES AROUND AUSTRALIA HAVE FOUND A NICHE AND provide private security services that the federal and state police forces cannot provide because of personnel levels, increased serious crime and to a lesser extent, the lower priority of private security services as far as the police are c [private security services, federal police, state police, crime, Technology, law enforcement]Terrorist Financing: U.S. Agencies Should Systematically Assess Terrorists’ Use of Alternative Financing Mechanisms 11/01/2003

By U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO)

Terrorists use many alternative financing mechanisms to earn, move, and store assets. They earn assets by selling contraband cigarettes and illicit drugs, by misusing charitable organizations that collect large donations, and by other means. They move funds by concealing their assets through [terrorism, trafficking, law enforcement, crime prevention]The ‘K’ Flagging System: A Survey of Spousal Assaults Reported to Police in B.C. 93 – 94 (Canada) 03/01/1993


“K” flagging which is used primarily to track spousal assault cases throughout the criminal justice system [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]The ‘Natasha’ Trade: The Transnational Shadow Economy of Trafficking in Women (English) 02/01/2002

By Donna M. Hughes

Trafficking in women for the purpose of sexual exploitation is a multi-billion dollar shadow market. Women are trafficked to, from, and through every region in the world using methods that have become new forms of slavery. [Police raid, Prison, Sexual explotation, Profitable, violence against women, law enforcement]The Age of Criminal Responsibility 02/01/2002

By Gregor Urbas

Considerable recent attention has been directed towards rules governing the minimum age of criminal responsibility, and the imposition of criminal responsibility above that age depending on a young offender’s appreciation of the wrongness of their act. This paper examines the operation of these rule [crime, incarceration, morality, responsibility, youth, juvenile, age, law enforcement, policy]The Challenge of Delivering Services Which Provide for Restoration to Rurally Isolated Communities: The Victorian Example 02/01/2002


The Victims Assistance Programs otherwise known as VAP’s were established in Victoria from July 1997, following the establishment of the Victims Referral and Assistance Service in November 1996.This action helps promote personal developement,encourages individual skill developement, and bet [Victims referral, Emergency services, Minister for Police,, law enforcement]The Changing Face of Fraud: Phone Fraud 03/01/1999

By Gillian Dempsey PhD

This paper concentrates on the technological aspects of digital phone fraud rather than physical theft, for example, of a handset, although the encryption considerations are similar.Digital fraud presents yet another increasing layer of complexity for law enforcement agencies. [False pretenses, Law enforcement]The Commercialism of Women’s Fear of Crime 02/01/2002


Over the past few years, women have come to occupy a central position in police discourse about public safety. In England and Wales, for example, concern about women’s safety has spurred the Home Office, the police, and local authorities to issue safety advice to women. (abstract from aic.g [women, police, public safety, England and Wales, home office, local authorities, Violence Against Women, law enforcement]The Community Kit (Canada) 02/01/2002


This is a resource book to help communitites work together to prevent violence against women and improve services to victims of Domestic Violence. [Domsetic Violence, Women’s Safety, Law Enforcement, Victims of Crime, Violence Against Women]The Composition of Australia’s Police Services 2001 10/01/2002


The Composition of Australia’s Police Services as at June 2001. [Australia, Police, Services, law enforcement]The Criminal Justice System in New Zealand 02/01/2002

By Heather Colby

During this period, in spite of increased expenditure, the provision of 900 more police nationwide; proposals for longer sentences for violent offenders; consultancy reports on possible re-structuring of police and justice; and the setting up of taskforces and commissions to make recommendations [Police, Courts, Community Corrections, Criminal Justice, Departments, Youth justice, law enforcement]The Criminal Process 02/01/2002


[courts, law enforcement]The Criminal Process in Costa Rica 02/01/2002


[courts, law enforcement, police]The Criminal Process in El Salvador 02/01/2002


[courts, law enforcement, police]The Criminal Process in Guatemala 02/01/2002


[courts, law enforcement]The Criminal Process in Honduras 02/01/2002


[law enforcement, courts]The Criminal Process in Mexico City 02/01/2002


[courts, law enforcement]The Criminal Process in Nicaragua 02/01/2002


[courts, law enforcement, police]The Criminal Process in Panama 02/01/2002


[courts, law enforcement, police]The Cruelty to Women (Deterrent Punishment) Ordinance 1993 (Bangladesh) 02/01/2002


Punishment for the cruelty to women [Human Trafficking, law enforcement, violence against women]The Effectiveness of Legal Protection in the Prevention of Domestic Violence in the Lives of Young Australian Women 03/01/2000

By Margrette Young, Julie Byles and Annette Dobson

A national study of young women who experience physical violence by a partner is reported in this paper. The authors examine the effectiveness of legal protection in preventing repeated violence and compare outcomes after legal intervention from the police or the courts, or both. The results indicat [young women, physical violence, police, courts, domestic violence, violence against women, law enforcement]The Efficacy of Civil Penalty Sanctions Under the Australian Corporations Law 02/01/2002

By Carlos Carcach, Anna Grant and Rowena Conroy

A report by Carlos Carcach, Anna Grant and Rowena Conroy for the Australian Institute of Criminology about The Efficacy of Civil Penalty Sanctions Under the Australian Corporations Law. [police, courts, incarceration, Aboriginal deaths, custody, law enforcement]The Forensic use of DNA Profiling 02/01/2002

By Patricia Weiser Easteal, Simon Easteal

A report by Patricia Weiser Easteal and Simon Easteal for the Australian Institute of Criminology about The Forensic use of DNA Profiling. [investigators, crime, law enforcement, policy, DNA, forensic science, human rights, privacy, legislation, law, reform]The Future of Crime Control 02/01/2002

By P.N. Grabosky

A report by P.N. Grabosky for the Australian Institute of Criminology about The Future of Crime Control. [Crime, Control, Future, Australia, Law enforcement, Institutions]The Future of Crime Control 02/01/2002

By Dr. Peter N. Grabosky

This paper will explore what society’s response to crime will look like in the year 2020. Following a brief discussion of the anticipated criminal environment, and trends which will influence the delivery of public services, the paper will suggest some of the forms which future institutions [Criminal enviorment, police services, Crime control, law enforcement]The History of Women in the Police Service 02/01/2002

By Christine Nixon

THE NATURE OF THE WORKFORCE IS CHANGING AS SOCIAL AND demographic changes take place in the Australian population. Increasing numbers of women want to work and, with fewer young entrants to the labour market, they will become a valuable sought after resource, recognised for their skills and abili [New South Wales, Australian Police Services, United States, law enforcement]The Importance of Stored Computer Data in High Tech Crime Investigations 11/01/1998


As in the investigation of all crimes, it is critical for law enforcement officers to be able to identify the offender. Computer crimes, however, have some unique characteristics. In today’s communications environment, there are billions of analog and digital signals flowing from one end of the c [Cybercrime, High Tech Crime, telecommunications, ]The Kowanyama Justice Group 02/01/2002

By Dr. Paul Chantrill

The Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody found that Aboriginal Australians were victims of entrenched racism and discrimination in the justice system. To redress this, the Royal Commission recommended that funding be available for developing innovative and community-based justice progr [local justice, police, juvenile justice, corrective services, law enforcement]The Legal Basis for the Authority of Private Police and an Examination of their Relationship with the “PUBLIC” POLICE 02/01/2002

By Rick Sarre

WHILE MOST OF US PRESUME TO KNOW SOMETHING ABOUT THE EXISTENCE and role of modern private security personnel or “private” police, it is important that we ask some more fundamental questions about the legal basis of their authority. (excerpted from the Author) [private security, authority, general public, public property, private property, Private police, Public Police, law enforcement]The NYARS Report: The Police 02/01/2002

By Rob White

This paper describes some of the findings of the chapter on police in the NYARS report. Given the extensive contact between police and young people, the concern of this part of the NYARS research project was to gain a sense of police perceptions of their work and the issues which they perceive as [police, Aboriginal youth, NYARS, “street kids”, gangs, family problems, law enforcement]The National Cybercrime Training Partnership. Reprint of an article in the Police Chief Magazine. 02/01/1999

By Wayne P. Williams

Explosive growth in the use of computers and electronic networks such as the Internet poses a difficult and rapidly expanding challenge for all levels of law enforcement [Cybercrime]The National Money Laundering Strategy for 2000 03/01/2000

By Lawrence H. Summers,Secretary of the Treasury and Janet Ren, Attorney General

The National Money Laundering Strategy outlines a comprehensive, intergrated approach to combating money laundering at home and around the world. [Money Laundering,Drug Trafficking,Organized Crime,Terrorism.Law Enforcement]The National Money Laundering Strategy for 2000 03/01/2000


A system designed by the government to combat money laundery and other related financial related financial crimes such as the movement of illicit cash equivalent procceeds in or out of the United State’s financial institutions.All financial institutions,however,are required to maintain records [Drug trafficking, law enforcement, organized crime ]The National Police Research Unit: Techsearch: 3M Audit Bag 02/01/2002

By Des Berwick

THIS PAPER WILL DISCUSS THE DEVELOPMENT OF A TAMPER-RESISTANT EXHIBIT bag and address the application of ’low end’ but still highly effective technology to overcome a perceived problem. The solution involved some plastic, some paper and some glue, plus a lot of lateral thinking. (exce [NPRU, Drug Exhibit Project, police officer, technology, Audit Bag, law enforcement]The National Sex Offender Registry 08/01/1996


Law enforcement can use the centralized database to identify in a single, national search where an individual is registered and, through NLETS, can immediately access vital information about that individual from the indicated state registry. [Law enforcement, sex offender, violence against women]The Organized Crime in India: Problems and Perspectives 02/01/2002

By Madan Lal Sharma

India is one of the oldest civilisations with a kaleidoscopic variety and rich cultural heritage. It covers an area of 32.87,263 sq. kms extending from the snow covered Himalayan heights to the tropical rain forests of the south. [Organized Crime , India, The Police and Public Order, CRIME SCENARIO IN INDIA, violent society., law enforcement]The Organized Transnational Criminality and Role of Law Enforcement Authorities in the Counteraction 02/01/2002


[transnational organized crime, police, law enforcement]The Prediction and Control of Organized Crime: A Risk Assessment Instrument for Targeting Law Enforcement Efforts 05/01/2002

By Jay S. Albanese

The search to explain and anticipate organized crime has become urgent in recent years with the ease of international travel and trade, the globalization of communications via the Internet, and the emergence of many new democracies in Eastern Europe and around the world that are struggling to establ [Opportunity Factors, Organized Crime, Criminal Environment, Harm]The Proper Role of Criminal Law in Road Safety 02/01/2002

By John Willis

THIS PAPER SEEKS TO EXAMINE THE MANNER IN WHICH DRINK-DRIVING and certain speeding offences are dealt with in the criminal justice system. This analysis will use Victorian legislation; however many of the features of Victorian legislation have equivalents in other jurisdictions. The focus will be [criminal justice, driving licences, traffic accidents, law enforcement, offences]The Relationship Between Police and Other Government Agencies: Recent Changes in Perspective in Queensland 02/01/2002

By Dianne Jeans

This paper examines the changing relationships between police and other government agencies, in the context of recent experience in Queensland. Three aspects of the changing relationships are examined: divesting police of extraneous duties; responsibility for all government agencies to consider the [government agencies, police, violent crime, enforcement, law enforcement]The Right Kind of Shame for Crime Prevention 04/01/1997

By Lawrence W Sherman and Heather Strang

‘Shaming’ used to make offenders aware of the consequences of their actions without the threat of humiliation. [Shaming, community, offenders, conferencing, police, law enforcement]The Role of Law Enforcement in Combating Human and Drug Trafficking 01/01/2000

By Sandro Calvani

This article discusses the role of law enforcement in combatting human and drug trafficking. [drug trafficking, human trafficking, police, slavery, law enforcement, violence against women, transnational organized crime]The SAJJ Project: An Overview and Some Preliminary Results 03/01/1999

By Kathleen Daly

All personal crimes of violence (assaults, sexual assaults, robbery) and the more serious kinds of property offences involving individual victims or community organisations (such as schools or churches)by jeuveniles.Depending on the question asked, the YP’s responses suggest that they have accurat [Police officers, law enforcement, violence against women]The State of Crime in Indonesia: A Preliminary Overview 06/01/2002

By Mardjono Reksodiputro

An article about the state of crime in Indonesia. Topics include offenses against the criminal code, violent crime, urban crime, crimes against the economic welfare of society. [Law enforcement]The Strategic Human Resources Analysis of Public Policing in Canada 02/01/2002

By Steering Committee for the Human Resouces Study

This study includes a diagnosis of the human resource challlenges facing the Public Policing Sector, both now and in the foreseeable future, and is intended to serve as the basis for generating discussion and development of concrete recommendations for action. [Public Policy, crime, police, law enforcement]The UN Experts Group Meeting on Crimes Related to Computer Networks. Tokyo, Japan, October 5-9, 1998. — Annex IV: Discussion Guide 02/01/2002


Crimes related to computer networks are increasing at the same speed and breadth as the expansion of computer networks. [Cybercrime, law enforcement]The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Brazil 06/01/2003

By Pedro Scuro

This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002. [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Costa Rica 06/01/2003

By Jose Maria Rico

This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002. [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Mexico 06/01/2003

By Ernesto Lopez Portillo, Carlos Becerril Torres

This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002. [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Republic of Colombia 06/01/2003

By Rafael Campo Vasquez, Rosa Margarita Vargas de Roa, Rene Montenegro Ortiz, Francisco Abondano Vidales, Pilar Gamboa

This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002. [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Venezuela 06/01/2003

By Christopher Birkbeck

This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002 [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]The impact of high visibility patrols on personal robbery 02/01/2004

By Bethan Jones and Nick Tilley

The Policing Impact Initiative reported here covered the Humberside police force area and was funded by the local authority. It was set up in April 2000 to tackle personal robbery and alcohol related disorder, to address quality of life issues and increase police contact with the Humberside commu [law enforcement, crime prevention]The police and its role in crime prevention 02/01/2002


[crime prevention, police, law enforcement]Traffic Policing: Red Light/Speed Cameras 02/01/2002

By Wayne Jones and Bruce Leggatt

At the instigation of a number of police forces in Australia and overseas, Image Applications have taken their expertise a significant stage further. Their new automated traffic camera system, Image Masterã, was unveiled at the Asia Pacific Police Technology Conference in 1991. (excerpted from th [Image Master, computer programming, police forces, camera, law enforcement]Traffic in Flora and Fauna 02/01/2002

By Boronia Halstead

Australia’s native flora and fauna are unique and irreplaceable. Unfortunately, however, some endangered species are under threat through illegal wildlife exports. Illegal imports, too, are potential vehicles for the introduction of diseases into Australia. This Trends and Issues paper closely exami [Flora, Fauna, Traffic, Illegal, Endangered]Trafficking in Stolen Vehicles Project 01/01/1998


The United States of America believes that the theft of motor vehicles and, in many cases, their subsequent illegal export, are two of the most complex, costly and widespread problems confronting law enforcement not just in Japan and Russia but in the rest of the G8 member nations as well as in m [illegal export, Illicit Trafficking, vehicle theft, criminal organizations, Crime Commission]Trafficking in Women and Children from Ukraine for the Purpose of Sexual Exploitation (approved proposal for funding) 11/01/1999


The trafficking in women and children is a new and pressing issue for law enforcement in Ukraine. There has been no systematic study of the criminal practices of trafficking in Ukraine. [Human trafficking, Law enforcement, violence against women]Trafficking in Women and Girls Targeted in Bulgaria, Hungary 11/01/1999


The International Organization for Migration is launching new information campaigns in Bulgaria and Hungary, trying to combatsuspected increases in trafficking in women and girls. [Human trafficking, Law enforcement, violence against women]Trafficking of Stolen Vehicles by Transnational Organized Crime Groups 01/01/1998


Proposed countermeasures are: promotion of information exchange among countries concerned, including the holding of seminars, establishment of contract points; better use of Interpol’s vehicle database. [Trafficking of stolen vehicles, Police Agency, transnational organized crime, arrested suspects, law enforcement]Transnational Crime 02/01/2002


This conference was organised by the Australian Institute of Criminology in association with the Australian Federal Police and the Australian Customs Service. [National Crime Authority-NCA, transnational organized crime, law enforcement]Transnational Crime in the 21st Century 03/01/2000

By John Broome

The topic of transnational crime has attracted a great deal of interest, particularly over the last decade. The rise in the analysis of transnational crime and its coincidental links to the end of the cold war. [transnational crime, law enforcement, organised crime, National Crime Authority, ]Transnational Crime in the Twenty-First Century 02/01/2002

By John Broome

A report by John Broome on Transnational crime in the 21st century. [National Crime Authority-NCA, transnational organized crime, law enforcement]Transnational Organized Crime 07/01/1996

By Yuri A. Voronin

Common tendencies in the developement of Transnational crime. The largest transnational criminal societies. Main kinds of criminal activity and tratergies to control it. [Transnational Crime,Organized Crime,Law Enforcement,Drugs and Crime,Trafficking, transnational organized crime]Transnational Project Against Paedophile Activity 03/01/1998


The G8 Law Enforcement Sub Group agreed that the project against paedophile activity discussed at the London meeting on 21 January 1998 was suitable for development. The UK agreed to prepare a non paper outlining further the concept of the proposals to facilitate any consultations within member c [Law Enforcement, Sex Offenders, Border Controls, Customs Detentions]Treasury and Justice Departments Issue 2000 Money Laundering Strategy 03/01/2000


The Departments of Treasury and Justice unveiled the Administration’s National Money Laundering Strategy for 2000 today, laying down a comprehensive and detailed plan for combating money laundering. [law enforcement , high risk accounts, Financial Crime ]Triad Societies and Chinese Organised Crime in South Africa 02/01/2002

By Peter Gastrow

South African law enforcement agencies should expect a considerable expansion of criminal activities by Chinese triad-based criminal groups. The fact that South Africa now has diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China has led to a significant increase in trade and interaction be [Triad, Societies, Crime, transnational organized crime]U.S. Action on the 40 Recommendations 02/01/2002


This is the 40 Recommendations on how to Combat Transnational Organized Crime. [law enforcement, Organized Crime, mutual assistance, criminality., ]U.S. Anti-Drug Interdiction Efforts and the Western Hemisphere Drug Elimination Act 09/01/1998


What this bill is intended to do is to bring back that balance, a balance that historically we have had between the three major components of an anti-drug effort. A balanced drug control plan is one that makes a strong commitment in three areas. [Anti-Drug Interdiction , prevention, treatment and education, law enforcement ]U.S. Anti-Torture Initiative 11/01/1999

By International Information Programs

Torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment harms individuals, sends a message of fear and intimidation to prisoners and members of minority political, ethnic, religious and belief groups, and undermines state legitimacy. [Torture,Human Rights,Victims of Crime.Law Enforcement,International Issues]U.S. Assessment of Russian/Eastern European/Eurasian Criminal Enterprises (R/EE/ECES) 01/01/1998


Russian, Eastern European, and Eurasian (R/EE/E) organized crime groups are strongly entrenched in the former Soviet Union (FSU), Europe, and North America, with operations expanding to South America, the Caribbean, the Middle East, Africa, and the Pacific region. Bilateral exchanges between law [organized crime, law enforcement, fraud, money laundering,]U.S. Counternarcotics Efforts in the Western Hemisphere 03/01/1999

By Rand Beers

The State Department, through its Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, is waging an aggressive attack against the scourge of international narcotics trafficking [combat narcotics trafficking , National Drug Control Policy , Fighting The Drug War ]U.S. Customs Proposal on Intellectual Property 01/01/1997


Some of the topics that were covered were Manufacturer identification, Importer identification, Firearms nomenclature, The ATF National Tracing Center function, The U.S. commercial market, and Collecting evidence relating to ITAR/Federal firearms violations. [Firearms nomenclature, illegal trafficking, criminal violence, law enforcement]U.S. Drug Enforcement Official on Drug Trafficking and Panama 06/01/2000


Drug trafficking and crimes in Panama. Panama is “singular” in the challenges it creates for law enforcement officials, particularly with respect to illegal drug trafficking and related crimes, says William Ledwith, chief of international operations at the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administrati [Drugs and Crime, law enforcement]U.S. Implementation of 40 Recommendations: 1998 Interim Report 01/01/1999


States should review their laws governing criminal offenses, jurisdiction, law enforcement powers and international cooperation, as well as their measures dealing with law enforcement training and crime prevention, to ensure that the special problems created by Transnational Organized Crime are effe [Organized Crime, S. law enforcement, mutual assistance, legal assistance]U.S. National Drug Control Strategy: 2000 Annual Report 01/01/2000


Strategic Goals and Objectives in the fight against drugs, alcohol and tobacco abuse in America’s youth with Communication, Truth, Love and Honesty. [Drugs and Crime,Law Enforcement,Drug Trade,Addiction,Treatment]U.S. Official Testifies on Drug Trafficking in Haiti 04/01/2000


Michael Vigil, special agent in charge of the Drug Enforcement Administration’s Caribbean Field Division, told lawmakers that Haiti’s location, and the absence of effective law enforcement, have combined to facilitate drug trafficking in the region. [law enforcement , Drug Enforcement, Criminal Justice, Drug Policy ]U.S. Official Testifies on Drug Trafficking in Haiti 04/01/2000


Drug trafficking organizations that rise to prominence in Haiti can be effectively dismantled, “provided the Haitian National Police continue to progress and enhance their law enforcement and judicial capabilities,” a top U.S. law enforcement official told Congress in April 12 testimony. [Drug enforcment, drug trafficking,law enforcement.]U.S. State Department Official Testifies on U.S.-Panama Anti-Drug Cooperation 06/01/2000


Panama’s law enforcement agencies maintain “excellent relations” with their U.S. counterparts, Beers said, noting that the two countries carried out four coordinated counter-drug operations in 1999. [Drugs and Crime, Law enforcement]U.S. Transfers Vessels Under Security Assistance Program 02/01/2000

By Eric Green

The transfer of U.S. decommissioned ships to cooperating nations is an ongoing federal program to provide security against illicit drug activity in the Caribbean. [Drugs and Crime, Law enforcement, ]U.S. Treasury and Justice Departments Issue 2000 Money Laundering Strategy 03/01/2000

By U.S. Treasury and Justice Departments

The Departments of Treasury and Justice unveiled the Administration’s National Money Laundering Strategy for 2000 today, laying down a comprehensive and detailed plan for combating money laundering. [Money Laundering,Drug Trafficking,Organized Crime,Terrorism.Law Enforcement]U.S.-Mexico Counternarcotics Cooperation 02/01/1999

By Rand Beers

The U.S. and Mexico are linked by history, culture, and, through the border, by geography. About 6 million of your constituents were born in Mexico and about 1 in every 16 of your constituents are of Mexican descent. More than a half million of your constituents voted for you by absentee ballot fro [law enforcement, counternarcotics, illicit drugs, Border violence]U.S.-Mexico Counternarcotics Cooperation 02/01/1999

By Rand Beers

The relationship between Mexico and the United States is one of the most multifaceted and dynamic we enjoy with any other nation. New ties and relationships form every day. [Drugs and Crime, Law enforcement]U.S.Implementation of Senior Experts Group 40 Recommendations 01/01/1997


The United States currently has 17 Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties (MLAT) in force (including those with P-8 Member States Canada, Italy and the United Kingdom), with another 14 treaties awaiting the completion of domestic legal requirements of the parties before entering into force. [Criminal Offenses, Law Enforcement, Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties, Organized Crime]U.S.Proposal to Use Interpol Red Notices and Fugitive Diffusions Targeting East European Organized Crime 01/01/1998


This proposes targeting, by organization, East European Organized Crime (EEOC) figures against whom any of the Eight have pending charges; then obtaining INTERPOL [LAW ENFORCEMENT, FUGITIVE DIFFUSIONS, Organized Crime, international fugitive]UN Crime Convention 03/01/1998


The key issues at the convention were as follows:whether the points of agreement from the January meeting are still valid;the scope and purpose of the UN Crime Convention;the contents of such a Convention; the role of Protocols to such a Convention;safeguards;co-ordination arrangements for Vienna. [Crime Convention; criminal organisation; mutual assistance, law enforcement]UNICEF Condemns Child Sex Trafficking 01/01/2000


Bellamy challenged law enforcement authorities to face the problem and “to enforce both their national laws and to accept their obligations under the Convention on the Rights of the Child.” That treaty, legally binding on all the governments of the Asia-Pacific region, requires governments to pr [United Nations Children’s Fund , law enforcement , sex trafficking , protect children ]Under Secretary Pickering on U.S. Aid to Colombia (Briefs reporters on aspects of U.S. assistance package) 08/01/2000


Cooperation Between the United States and Colombia on Counter-Drug Programs. [Drugs and Crime, Law enforcement]Uniform Investigative Techniques – Royal Canadian Mounted Police Sexual Assault Kits (Canada) 02/01/2002


Sexual assault kit and its instructions. [Sexual assault, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Uses and Abuses of Drug Law Enforcement Statistics 02/01/2002

By Dr Grant Wardlaw and Heather Deane

A report by Dr Grant Wardlaw and Heather Deane for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Uses and Abuses of Drug Law Enforcement Statistics. [drug abuse, assessing, initiatives, law enforcement ]Using homicide data to assist murder investigations 06/01/2004

By Brian Francis, Jon Barry, Russell Bowater, Nicky Miller, Keith Soothill, Elizabeth Ackerley

This study explores whether routinely collected statistics on homicide can aid homicide investigation, particularly for hard-to-solve (those taking more than 28 days to solve) and unsolved cases. While most homicides are detected quickly, for up to one quarter of offences the investigative process [law enforcement, homicide investigations, statistics]Various Systems for Maintaining the Professional Ethics of Japanese Police Officers 01/01/1999


The Police Law, which authorizes the establishment of a police system in Japan, stipulates in Article 1 that the object of this law is “to establish the organization of police capable of securing both the administration and the operation of police based upon the principle of democracy, at th [Police Law, democratic management, wrongful acts, negligent management, law enforcement]Views of the United States on the Scope of the Proposed UN Convention on Organized Crime 11/01/1998


The United States favors the elaboration of a convention that will generally focus on combatting organized criminal activity posing a serious threat to our societies. We believe that maintaining a general focus on organized criminality, as opposed to the generic concept of “serious crime,,&# [ORGANIZED CRIME, Seriousness of the crime.,law enforcement, Terrorist Bombing Convention,]Violencia intrafamiliar e intervencion policial 02/01/2002


[domestic violence, law enforcement, police, Violence Against Women]Violent Crime in Australia: Interpreting the Trends 1996 10/01/1996

By David Indermaur

Fear of violent crime is greater today than in recent memory. So too are Australian police statistics on the incidence of violent crime. The interpretation of cime statistics and of public attitudes should, however, be undertaken with care. [Violent Crime trends,Crime,Law Enforcement,Victimization,Victims of Crime]WORLD FACTBOOK OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS 06/01/2002

By Mahesh Nalla

An article about the Criminal Justice System in Singapore. Included are such topics as Singapore’s political system, legal system, crime in Singapore, victims of crime, police, and technology used in fighting crime. [Law enforcement,crime victims,Drugs and Crime]West African Organised Crime Project 03/01/1998


To assess the extent of Nigerian Advance Fee Fraud Letter (419) distributed within G8 Member Countries; to identify areas where international co-operation will prove effective to combat this type of offence; and to undertake bi-lateral or multi-lateral operations where such opportunities are iden [Nigerian Law Enforcement, Security Sections, Presidential Task Force, border activity]West African Organized Crime: Information and Intelligence Exchange Procedures 10/01/1997


This paper suggests ways of exchanging information and intelligence in respect of WAOC both within and between countries. [transnational ORGANIzED CRIME, African Organized Crime, law enforcement, criminals]Women in policing 07/01/1996

By Vicki Wilkinson and Irene D. Froyland

The role of women police has changed considerably since the appointment of the first female officers in New South Wales in 1915. Police organisations need to demonstrate an understanding of, and identification with, all their clients. Failure to do so compromises the crucial role of police in our so [Law Enforcement,Female Police,Recruitment.]Women’s Commission in India (India) 02/01/2002


The Government of India has already set up the Women Commission and the move is now on to constitute a Human Rights Commission. The Government of West Bengal has also set up the Women Commission, and sooner or later, the other State Governments will follow the suit. Such commissions would hencefo [human rights, Women Commission, victims, police attitude, women accused, law enforcement]