World Justice Information Network – The International Criminal Justice Library – Library

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A Comparison of Crime in Australia and Other Countries 02/01/2002

By J. Walker, P. R. Wilson, Duncan Chappell, D. Weatherburn

The survey findings reveal that Australia has crime rates which are much more comparable to those of North America than Europe. In a number of cases these rates are the highest recorded among the 14 jurisdictions included in the survey – a result which must surely give cause for concern to all Austr [crime, law enforcement, courts, crime prevention, statistics]A One Year Reconviction Study of Final Warnings 02/01/2002

By Jean Hine and Anne Celnick

The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 replaced the pre-existing cautioning procedures for juvenile offenders with a system of reprimands and final warnings. The old system had been criticised for wide variation in implementation resulting in disparate cautioning rates between police forces and because un [Reconviction, Warnings, Re-offenders, recidivism, prisons, corrections]A Pilot Project in South Australia: Privately Run Programs for Offenders 02/01/2002

By Tim Hill

In an attempt to measure the effectiveness of programs, NCT has encouraged courts and agencies that are providing referrals to maintain accurate records of those who attend. However, in most cases, because of aninability on the part of the court, no efforts are made to track recidivism except for N [Programs, sentencing alternative, NCT, Recidivism, offenders]A Review of the Criminal Courts of England and Wales 09/01/2001

By Sir Robin Auld

The criminal law should be codified under the general oversight of a new Criminal Justice Council and by or with the support as necessary of the Law Commission. There should be codes of offences, procedure, evidence and sentencing. [courts]Aboriginal Community Supervision Agreements in Western Australia 10/01/1999

By

In January 1993, a form of contractual agreement with Aboriginal offenders was introduced under which participating Aboriginal communities manage the supervision of offenders resident in those communities.The Aboriginal Community Supervision Agreement represents a breakthrough in the supervision [Imprisonment, Parole officers, courts, ]Aboriginal Juveniles and the Juvenile Justice System in New South Wales 02/01/2002

By Garth Luke and Chris Cunneen

The present study has grown from a lack of comprehensive information about how the police and courts deal with young Aboriginal people. Only one study, by Gale et al. (1990), has compared the treatment of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people throughout a justice system. That report used official [Aboriginal children, criminal justice, justice system, New South Wales, Aboriginal, Non-Aboriginal]Aboriginal People and the Courts 02/01/2002

By Lionel Fraser

THIS IS A PROPOSAL WHICH ATTEMPTS TO PROVIDE A SCHEME FOR THE TRIAL of Aboriginal people in criminal proceedings. There should be created a position, designated “Aboriginal Assistant to the Court”; “court” should be defined to mean Magistrates’ Court, District Court, Supreme Court and the Court o [Aboriginal people, courts, Legal Representation, legal aid, non-Aboriginal]Aboriginal Youth, Police and the Juvenile Justice System in Western Australia 02/01/2002

By Lynn Atkinson

THIS PAPER IS IN TWO PARTS. THE FIRST SECTION MAKES SOME observations about young people, crime and the police, and the particular vulnerability of Aboriginal youth coming to the attention of the police. Two issues, the maintenance of public order and juvenile offending, provide the framework fo [Aboriginal youth, Juvenile justice, Australia, Police, court, law enforcement]Addendum to the Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a (sixth meeting, one) 02/01/2002

By

Report of the informal consultations on the draft Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, and the revised draft Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Wom [Ad hoc, Human rights, International Affairs, Crime, violence against women]Addendum to the report of the Secretary-General: Use and application of the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power 04/01/1996

By Secretary-General

The Economic and Social Council, in its resolution 1993/34, section III, requested the Secretary-General to commence a process of information-gathering to be undertaken by means of surveys, initially paying attention to, inter alia, the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime [Restituion, Offenders, Cost, Environment, Power, Abuse]Addendum to the report of the Secretary-General: use and application of the Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary 03/01/1996

By Secretary-General

The Economic and Social Council, in its resolution 1993/34, section III, requested the Secretary-General to commence a process of information-gathering to be undertaken by means of surveys, initially paying attention to, inter alia, the Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary. (courtes [Courts, Judiciary, Law, Civil, Cases, Interference]Addendum: Interpretative Notes for the Official Records of the Negotiation of the Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols 02/01/2002

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Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on the work of its first to eleventh sessions. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]Alien-Smuggling and Uncontrolled Migration in Northern Europe and the Baltic Region 02/01/2002

By Christopher J. Ulrich

The issue of alien-smuggling has been discussed in various contexts, such as the Council of Europe and the Organization Economic Cooperation and Development. (courtesy of Matti Joutsen for HUENI) [human trafficking, regional overview, national response, regional responses]Amnesty International Report 2003 01/01/2003

By Amnesty International

The Amnesty International Report 2003 documents human rights abuses in 151 countries and territories during 2002. It is a contribution to the work of human rights defenders struggling to achieve a safer world, a world where human rights take priority over political, military or economic interests. [human rights, terrorism, international criminal court]Analytical Study on Serious Crime (seventh meeting) 02/01/2002

By

At its second session, held in Vienna from 8 to 12 March 1999, the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime requested the Secretariat to carry out an analytical study on provisions of national laws concerning serious offences punishable by deprivation [Transnational Organized Crime, National Laws, Countries]Analytical Study on Serious Crime (sixth meeting) 02/01/2002

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At its second session, held in Vienna from 8 to 12 March 1999, the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime requested the Secretariat to carry out an analytical study on provisions of national laws concerning serious offences punishable by deprivat [Transnational Organized Crime]Annex to Resolution on Measures Against International Terrorism 02/01/2002

By

It would be useful to identify behavior that the international community regards as unacceptable and that requires the application of effective preventive and repressive measures consistent with international law, although to date the international community has been unable to arrive at a universall [Human Rights, terrorism]Annotated Provisional Agenda and Proposed Organization of Work (fifth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [money-laundering, confiscation, extradition,]Annotated Provisional Agenda and Proposed Organization of Work (fourth meeting) 05/01/1999

By

Provisional annotated agenda and proposed organization of work. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Organized Crime, Trafficking, Human rights, Ad Hoc]Annotated Provisional Agenda and Proposed Organization of Work (seventh meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime, Provisional agenda]Annotated Provisional Agenda and Proposed Organization of Work for UN Crime Convention Working Group 12/01/1998

By Ad Hoc Committee

The first session of the Open-ended Intergovernmental Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Comprehensive International Convention against Transnational Organized Crime will be convened on Tuesday, 19 January 1999, at 10 a.m. Originally, the Centre for International Crime Prevention had planned [Illegal, Trafficking, Women, Children, Crime]Annotated Provisional Agenda and Proposed Organization of Work for UN Crime Convention Working Group(third meeting) 03/01/1999

By

Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Trafficking, Human Rights, Women, Children,Firearms]Annotated Provisional Agenda and Proposed Organization of Work for Working Group on UN Crime Convention(second meeting) 02/01/1999

By

The provisional agenda and proposed organization of work of the Ad Hoc Committee at its second session were endorsed by the Ad Hoc Committee at its first session, held in Vienna from 19 to 29 January 1999. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Organized Crime, Trafficking, firearms]Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

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Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Human rights, transnational organized crime]Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work for the ninth session of the Ad Hoc Committee (ninth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

The Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]Assessing Transnational Organized Crime Groups: Dangerousness and Trends 02/01/1999

By

In the last decade, organized crime groups have expanded their dimension and activities worldwide and are currently a global threat posing a concrete danger to the international community. Criminal groups have established international networks to better carry out their activities both in licit and [transnational organized crime]Assessing the Dangerousness and Treatability of Sex Offenders in the Community 02/01/2002

By Dr William Glaser

IF IT IS DIFFICULT TO GIVE A COHERENT MEANING TO ‘DANGEROUSNESS’, THE combination of this term and the term ‘sexual offender’ produces a semantic impossibility. Dangerousness in sex offenders is equated with incurable evil by the courts, unspeakable terror by the community and therapeutic nihilis [sex offenders, community, sexual violence, offence, offenders, professionals, law, Violence Against Women]Assessment of the Impact of Stalking Legislation 02/01/2002

By

The study specifically aimed: to assess the extent to which the legislation was being used for the purposes intended, to assess the impact of the legislation and its implementation on the justice system, and to identify specific issues which might affect the effective use of the legislation. [stalking, Criminal, Civil remedy, violence against women, law enforcement, crime prevention, courts]At Court: The Alcohol Factor 02/01/2002

By Jeff Giddings and Fitzroy Legal Service

This paper, however, will focus more on people facing police prosecutions as a result of alcohol use. (excerpted from the Author) [Files, Cases, driving offences, medical reports ]Australian Corrections : The Imprisonment of Indigenous People 11/01/1999

By Carlos Carcach, Anna Grant and Rowena Conroy

The operation of the criminal justice system, including police, the courts and incarceration, is a public policy matter that impacts on some sectors of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. [Aboriginal, Deaths in custody, Corrections, Prisons, Custodial Mortality]Australian crime: facts and figures 2001 01/01/2002

By Australian Institute of Criminology

The most up to date information available on crime throughout Australia is provided in this booklet. It presents statistics on recorded crimes, 2000; their place of occurrence; selected crime profiles for 2000, including victim details; age and gender data for alleged offenders and specific offences [crime, statistics]Australian crime: facts and figures 2002 01/01/2003

By Australian Institute of Criminology

The most up to date information available on crime throughout Australia is presented in this booklet. It presents statistics on recorded crimes, 1995 to 2001; their place of occurrence; selected crime profiles for 2001, including victim details; age and gender data for alleged offenders and specific [crime, statistics]Backward to forwards: the judicial condition of children in Latin America. Bases for legislative reform. 02/01/2002

By

[juvenile courts]Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary 02/01/2002

By

The independence of the judiciary shall be guaranteed by the State and enshrined in the constitution or law of the country. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Judiciary]Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers 02/01/2002

By

All persons are entitled to call upon the assistance of a lawyer of their choice to protect and establish their rights and defend them in all stages of criminal proceedings. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Law]Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials 02/01/2002

By

Governments and law enforcement agencies shall adopt and implement rules and regulations on the use of force and firearms against persons bylaw enforcement officials and keep associated ethical issues constantly under review. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Law Enforcement]Battered Women Who Kill: A Plea of Self-Defence 02/01/2002

By Dr Patricia Easteal

This paper will answer those questions and raise what is, to the author, a more important question: why hasn’t woman battering syndrome achieved a similar degree of legitimacy and acceptance in the Australian courts as we find exists in the United States? (excerpted from the Article) [woman battering syndrome, Australian courts, Self-defence, BWS, The Immediacy Issue, Violence Against Women]Bilateral Agreements on Extradition, Judicial/LegalAssistance, Control of Narcotic Drugs, and PrisonerTransfer by Country 02/01/2002

By

Historically, countries have cooperated in matters pertaining to crime control by exchanging wanted criminals and fugitive offenders. These exchanges were made through either formal agreements such as treaties or by more informal means. In the present and more recent past, the exchange of wanted [Drugs and Crime]Can the Victorian Parliament Abolish Fundamental Rights? 02/01/2002

By Bryan Keon-Cohen

In Victoria, what amounts to ‘cruel and unusual punishment’ has not, to the author’s knowledge, ever been decided by the Supreme Court. Preventive detention of an innocent, sane person in a sub-standard psychiatric institution (J Ward Ararat) amongst seriously disturbed patients might just qualif [Parliament, Rights, Victoria, Courts, Punishment]Central Repository of Legislation on Transnational Organized Crime 02/01/2002

By

This repository is part of a broad set of databases maintained by the Secretariat. They include the database on extradition, money laundering, standards and norms, and the statistics of the periodic United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Criminal Justice Operations. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational Organized Crime]Child Abuse Homicides in Australia: Incidence, Circumstances, Prevention and Control 02/01/2002

By Heather Strang

Child abuse and neglect are worldwide problems, crossing national and cultural boundaries (Finkelhor & Korbin 1988). Since the pioneering work of Kempe (Kempe et al. 1962), it has been accepted that child maltreatment is responsible for serious levels of childhood morbidity and mortality in many [neglect, developing countries, WHO-World Health Organization, family structure, child homicide, victimisation, preventive strategies]Child Abuse and the Family Court 02/01/2002

By Thea Brown, Margarita Frederico, Lesley Hewitt, & Rosemary Sheehan

This report is re: The Family Court of Australia’s stance about the management of Child abuse allegations, which prompted them to take part in conducting an investigation. [Child, abuse, family, court,law, federal]Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials 02/01/2002

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All those who exercise police powers shall respect and protect human dignity and uphold the human rights of all persons. Law enforcement officials shall fulfill the duty imposed on them by law by serving the community and protecting all persons against illegal acts. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Law Enforcement]Collaborative Approaches to Restoring Victims of Crime in NSW 02/01/2002

By

NSW has a system of services to provide for the many varied needs of the victims of crime. These include domestic violence services, sexual assault services, court support services, the Witness Assistance Scheme, counselling and medical support provided through NSW Health and Counselling to victi [Violent crime, sexual assault, Health & counseling, Violence Against Women, victim]Combating Child Pornography On The Internet 09/01/1999

By Eric Holder

Child pornography on the Internet must be an issue of international concern, it must be at the forefront of the global agenda. Children are our most precious and fragile resource, they are our future. This is true regardless of what nation they come from. Their protection must be an international pr [Cybercrime, child pornography, children-crimes against]Combating Corruption in Central and Eastern Europe 02/01/2002

By

Corruption is regarded as a major problem in society, one capable of endangering the stability and security of societies, undermining the values of democracy and morality, jeopardising social, economic and political development, and threatening peace. Because of current growing concerns about corrup [corruption, law enforcement, policy, extortion, bribery, police]Comments and Proposals Received from Governments 02/01/2002

By

The Secretary-General has the honour to bring to the attention of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime the comments and proposals of the Government of Netherlands that relate to the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organiz [Transnational Organized Crime]Common provisions of the draft Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the draft Protocols thereto (sixth meeting) 12/01/1999

By United Nations

Common provisions of the draft Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the draft Protocols thereto. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime]Community-based Program for Intervention in Domestic Violence including Treatment for Violent Men – Domestic Abuse Intervention Project (United States of America) 02/01/2002

By National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

This article discusses a Community – based program for intervention in domestic violence including traatment for violent men. It is a comprehensive community based program for intervention in domestic violence cases. [Domestic Violence, Family Violence, Juveniles, Victims of Crime, Violence Against Women]Compendium of United Nations Standards and Norms in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 02/01/2002

By

The United Nations congresses on the prevention of crime and the treatment of offenders have placed special emphasis on the general issues of criminal policy, in addition to dealing with specific aspects of crime prevention and criminal justice. It is broadly understood that crime and delinquency s [Standards, International Cooperation, Juvenile Justice, Capital Punishment]Consideration of the Additional International Legal Instruments Against Trafficking in Women and Children 02/01/2002

By

Draft elements for an agreement on the prevention, suppression and punishment of international trafficking in women and children, supplementary to the Convention against Transnational Organized Crime: submitted by Argentina. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Human Rights,International Affairs, Crime,Women,Children, violence against women]Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4, 4 bis, 7 and 8 04/01/1999

By

Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention againstTransnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4, 4 bis, 7 and 8. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [United Kingdom of Great Britain, Northern Ireland, Money Laundering, transnational organized crime]Control of the Proceeds of Crime – Report of the Secretary General 04/01/1996

By Secretary-General

The Economic and Social Council, in its resolution 1994/13 of 25 July 1994, requested the Secretary-General to establish and maintain close cooperation with Member States, intergovernmental organizations and other entities active in the field of controlling the proceeds of crime, including the regul [Economic and Social Council, Crime prevention, Drug control, Criminal activities]Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms: Its Use in Courts of European Countries and Prospects for its Application in Ukraine 02/01/2002

By

[]Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others 02/01/2002

By

Nothing in the present Convention shall be deemed to prejudice any legislation which ensures, for the enforcement of the provisions for securing the suppression of the traffic in persons and of the exploitation of others for purposes of prostitution, stricter conditions than those provided by the pr [Articles 1-28, Exploitation, Persons, Trafficking, Prostitution, Violence Against Women]Coronial Best Practice 10/01/1999

By Alastair Hope

Coroner has a vital role to play as an independent judicial officer serving the Crown and the public.To this end, it is important that the Coronial System monitor all deaths and particularly that it provides to the community a review of the circumstances surrounding deaths that appear preventabl [Coroners court, ]Corrections in the New Millennium: Plan, Control or Perish 03/01/1999

By Barry Apsey

There is today at least a general recognition that if there is commonality of purpose between police, courts and corrections that there should be at least an integration of approaches while still keeping functions and structures separate. [Criminal justice, intergration, ]Corrigendum to UNHCR Note (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Note by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the United Nations Children’s Fund and the International Organization for Migration on the draft protocols concerning migrant smuggling and trafficking [transnational organized crime]Country Reports on Human Rights Practices (1993-98) 02/01/2002

By

The Country Reports on Human Rights Practices are submitted annually by the U.S. Department of State to the U.S. Congress. The reports cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. (courtesy of state.gov) [Human Rights Report 1995-1999]Crime Prevention for Aboriginal Communities 02/01/2002

By Kayleen M. Hazlehurst

This handbook takes a community based approach to crime prevention. It covers planning, implementing and evaluating crime prevention programs. Appendices provide a summary of ideas and sample plans for action which can be adapted for training sessions and workshops. (courtesy of AIC.GOV.AU) [visions, crimes, rehabilitation, community resources, target group]Crime Prevention for Older Australians 02/01/2002

By Marianne Pinkerton James

The author explores both the theoretical and empirical principles of crime prevention strategies for older people. Her book covers the ageing of the Australian population; crime prevention in theory and practice; fear reduction; elder abuse; and the need for policy development. (courtesy of AIC.GOV. [older women, Aboriginal, Social crime, police, fear, elder abuse, law enforcement]Crime Prevention: Theory and Practice 02/01/2002

By Susan Geason and Paul R Wilson

This is a small handbook written in everyday language which hopes to provide information that will help prevent crime. It is divided into three sections which deal with theories of crime prevention, planning a crime prevention program, and examples of strategies for crime prevention from Australia a [Crime, Crime Prevention, Theories]Crime and Justice Statistics for Western Australia, 2000 02/01/2002

By

The report describes general crime trends in Western Australia, as well as trends in police arrests, criminal court activity (including some sentencing trends) and general patterns of imprisonment. [Crime, Justice, Statistics, Western, Australia]Crime and Policing in China 09/01/1998

By Li Xiancui

The Chinese police system comprises of the following sub-divisions :Public security police, State security police, the prison police, judicial police in the people procurators corts, and and judicial police in the peoples’ courts. And most of Chinese crimes are profit driven. [Criminal Law , police system, drug-related crime, organized crime, law enforcement]Criminal Justice and the IT Revolution 09/01/2001

By Terence Dunworth

The revolution has enormous implications for the criminal justice system, which is generally regarded as a fragmented and sometimes cumbersome processor and user of information.3 It has provided a capacity for information management that has begun to radically change the way in which law enfor [cybercrime]Criminal Organisations and Crimes Against the Environment: A Desktop Study 06/01/2000

By Sven Soyland

The present report is primarily based on material collected in journals, newspapers, books and material found on the Internet. A number of experts within the field covered by the report have been identified and approached. (courtesy of UNICRI) [Organized crime, environment]Criminal Sanctions at the Other End 03/01/1999

By Richard Fox

This paper focuses on the sanctions which are applied extra-judicially for wrongdoing at the other end of the sentencing spectrum. [court, criminal offense, compliant offender]Criminal Victimisation in the Developing World 02/01/2002

By U. Zvekic, A. Alvazzi del Frate

This publication presents results of the developing countries’ component of the 1992-94 International Crime (Victim) Survey. In all, 13 developing countries were involved. The information is presented in two parts. Part 1 contains a comparative overview of the survey results with particular attentio [criminal justice, criminology, theories, development, information, testing]Criminal policy amid security policy and social policy 02/01/2002

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[crime, law, courts, police, law enforcement]Crown Office, Procurator Fiscal Service and Scottish Court Service Joint Statement on Crown Witnesses 04/01/2002

By Crown Witnesses

Scott Court shared statement which sets shared and individual responsibilities in relation to the crown witness. [Scottish Court, Responsibilities, Crown]Current Legal Issues in Forensic Psychiatry 02/01/2002

By Ian Freckelton

This paper will concentrate upon the uncomfortable position occupied by forensic psychiatry in the anterooms of the courts and in the courts themselves as a result of the contemporary problems faced by psychiatrists who find themselves involved in the legal process. (excerpted from the Author) [prosecution, defence charges, homicide charges, mental health professionals, Australasian, Training, ]Customary Law for 40,000 years: A Pilot Study Abandoned … 10/01/1999

By Christopher Howse

The Aborigional people whose primary language which also is the only language eloquently spoken by the people had been subjected to a legal system uder which they live that’s been given scant credit.The legal system under which they live is given scant credit. It is 40,000 years old.The new law su [Juvenile justice, court, jail,]DATOS MUNDIALES SOBRE LOS SISTEMAS DE JUSTICIA CRIMINAL: Colombia 07/01/2001

By Rafael Campo Vasquez, Rosa Margarita Vargas de Roa, Rene Montenegro Ortiz, Francisco Abondano Vidales, Carolina Delgado

This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002 [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]DATOS MUNDIALES SOBRE LOS SISTEMAS DE JUSTICIA CRIMINAL: Costa Rica 01/01/2003

By Jose Maria Rico

This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002 [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]DATOS MUNDIALES SOBRE LOS SISTEMAS DE JUSTICIA CRIMINAL: Mexico 01/01/2003

By Ernesto Lopez Portillo

This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002 [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]DATOS MUNDIALES SOBRE LOS SISTEMAS DE JUSTICIA CRIMINAL: VENEZUELA 01/01/2003

By Christopher Birkbeck

This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002 [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]Dangerous Persons: To Be Gaoled For What They Are, Or What They May Do, Not For What They Have Done 02/01/2002

By Ron Merkel QC

THIS PAPER RECOGNISES THAT THE GARRY DAVID CASE IS CURRENTLY THE subject of a reserved judgment in the Supreme Court, and while the paper will attempt in many ways to reflect upon the problems Mr Justice Hedigan is confronting in that case it is fairly important, particularly in a conference like [habitual offenders, repeat offender, first time offender, crime, goals]Decree of the President of Ukraine on the formation of military appeals courts and local military courts 04/01/2002

By

[courts]Decree of the President of Ukraine on the properties and enumeration of appeals courts 04/01/2002

By

[courts]Decree of the President of Ukraine on the properties and enumeration of city courts 04/01/2002

By

[courts]Del reves al derecho: la condicion juridica de la infancia en America Latina. Bases para una reforma legislativa 02/01/2002

By

[juvenile courts]Development of United Nations Minimum Rules for the Administration of Criminal Justice – Report of the Secretary-General 04/01/1996

By

The present report has been prepared pursuant to Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice resolution 4/2 of 9 June 1995 entitled “Proposal for the development of minimum rules for the administration of criminal justice”. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Rules, Administration, Crime, Justice, Prevention]Draft Protocol against the smuggling of migrants by land, air and sea 05/01/1999

By

Draft Protocol against the Smuggling1 of Migrants by Land,Air and Sea,2 Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime3. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Human Rights,Trafficking]Draft United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime 02/01/2002

By

The purpose of this Convention is to promote cooperation among the States Parties so that they may address more effectively the various aspects of organized crime having an international dimension. In carrying out their obligations under the Convention, the Parties shall take necessary measures, inc [International Affairs, transnational organized crime]Draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime 12/01/1998

By

The purpose of this Convention is to promote cooperation among the States Parties so that they may address more effectively the various aspects of organized crime having an international dimension. In carrying out their obligations under the Convention, the Parties shall take necessary measures, in [Organized Crime, Trafficking, Human rights, transnational organized crime]Draft elements for an international legal instrument against Illegal Trafficking and Transport of Migrants 12/01/1998

By

Draft elements for an international legal instrument against illegal trafficking and transport of migrants. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Organized Crime, Trafficking, Human rights]Draft protocol to combat International Trafficking in Women and Children supplementary to the United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crime 11/01/1998

By

DRAFT PROTOCOL TO COMBAT INTERNATIONAL TRAFFICKING IN WOMEN AND CHILDREN SUPPLEMENTARY TO THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Trafficking, Women, Children, Human rights, transnational organized crime, violence against women]Drugs Courts: Issues and Prospects 02/01/2002

By Toni Makkai

Changes need to be made to the Australian criminal justice system to allow for the establishment of a separate court which would deal with drugs and crime. Makkai outlines issues and arguments related to the setting up of such treatment oriented drug courts. She considers how the process works in th [Drugs and Crime, Criminal Justice, Courts, Issues, Prospects]Effective Treatment Measures for Prisoners and Drug Addicts to Facilitate their Reintegration into Society 02/01/2002

By Lohman Yew

It is a fact that the majority of prisoners will return to society at some point in time. The only difference being whether it is at an earlier or later date. Thus, it is very important or at least hoped for, that the time a prisoner spends in an institution would contribute positively to his or [Singapore-Island State, Supreme Court, Penal and Drug History, SINGAPORE PRISON SERVICE]El proceso penal en Brasil 02/01/2002

By

[courts, law enforcement]El proceso penal en Honduras 02/01/2002

By

[law enforcement, courts]European Court of Human Rights Holds Right to form Associations is Fundamental Human Right 07/01/1998

By International Center for Not-for-Profit Law

In a landmark decision, the European Court of Human Rights unanimously held in July 1998 that the refusal by Greek courts to register a Macedonian cultural association was an interference with the applicants’ exercise of their right to freedom of association. The Court stated unequivocally that “the [human rights]Evaluation of Criminal Justice Programs in the United States 04/01/2000

By Edwin W. Zedlewski, PhD

Evaluation has been an integral part of American criminal justice since the first day of Federal involvement in national crime problems. Prior to 1968, jurisdiction over American crime lay almost exclusively with state and local governments. Federal involvement in crime consisted of the activitie [Corrections, Law Enforcement, Courts, Crime, Federal Involvement]Experiments in Restorative Policing: A Progress Report on the Canberra Reintegrative Shaming Experiments (RISE) 02/01/2002

By Heather Strang, Geoffrey C Barnes, John Braithwaite and Lawrence W Sherman

The effects of standard court processing is compared with the effects of a diversionary conference for four kinds of offence categories: drink driving at any age, juvenile property offending with personal victims; juvenile shoplifting offences detected by shop security staff; and youth violent offen [Offenders, Victims, Offender, Court, Conference]Facing the Consequences 02/01/2002

By David Moore

The juvenile justice scheme established by the Wagga Wagga police patrol awaits a full evaluation. It can be said at this stage that the scheme has considerable support from people who have been involved with it, from a growing number of initially sceptical police and from other individuals and g [justify, court system, young offenders, practitioners, observers, “welfare”, “justice”]Family Decision-Making in Youth Justice: The New Zealand Model 02/01/2002

By Gabrielle M. Maxwell

There is much that is positive and novel about the New Zealand system of youth justice. It has succeeded in diverting the majority of young offenders from criminal courts and reliance on the use of institutions has been dramatically reduced. (excerpted from the Author) [young offenders, institutions, international, youth justice, family]Feminisation of the Magistrate’s courts: The Influence of gender? 02/01/2002

By Roger Douglas and Kathy Laster

THE 1980S HAVE SEEN A SERIES OF MAJOR REFORMS TO THE VICTORIAN Magistrate’s Courts, the courts responsible for processing the vast majority of the state’s criminal and civil cases. The reforms have massively expanded the jurisdiction of the courts (while simultaneously shunting off minor cases fo [civil service, legal profession, male/female differences, sexual discrimination, feminist issues]Fighting Global Corruption: Business Risk Management 05/01/2000

By

This brochure is intended to provide a general description of corporate compliance programs, the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA), and emerging global anticorruption frameworks. It is not intended to substitute for the advice of legal counsel on specific issues related to the FCPA. Moreover [Anti-corruption, Accountability, Global, Ethics, Transparency]Final Report, fifth session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 06/01/1996

By United Nations

At its fifth session, the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice recommended the adoption of two draft resolutions by the General Assembly and ten draft resolutions and two draft decisions by the Economic and Social Council. In addition, it adopted three resolutions and one decision to [Commission, Crime Prevention, Criminal Justice, Economic and Social Council, Public Security]Fine Enforcement in Magistrates’ Courts 04/01/2002

By Becca Chapman (RDS), Alan Mackie (Morgan Harris Burrows) and Professor John Raine (University of Birmingham)

This report summarises recommendations about enforcement of financial penalities for magistrates and court staff. It aims to encourage better use of scarce criminal justice resources. [Recommendations, Enforcement, Financial, Penalties, Magistrates, Court, Staff]First and Second United Nations Surveys of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1970 – 1980) 02/01/2002

By

These are data from a validation survey that attempted to validate existing data for the First and Second United Nations Surveys of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems. Attempts were also made to fill in some missing data. The data are in ASCII. They are not compressed. Please be [International Affairs]Fiscal Year 2000 International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs Budget Congressional Presentation: Africa/Asia/Middle East 04/01/1999

By

The Narcotics Law Enforcement Project encompasses a Vientiane-based special counternarcotics law enforcement unit, located in the Ministry of Interior, and other units in the provinces. The strategy is to develop a counternarcotics infrastructure capable of interacting with law enforcement agencies [Drugs, Trafficking, Enforcement, Crop control, Budget]Fiscal Year 2000 International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs Budget Congressional Presentation: International Organizations 04/01/1999

By

Building effective counternarcotics institutions will strengthen democracy and promote the rule of law in many countries. (courtesy of state.gov) [Budget, Assistance, Drug(s), Assist, international]Fiscal Year 2000 International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs Budget Congressional Presentation: Interregional Aviation 04/01/1999

By

INL’s aviation program is positioned to support host governments worldwide in their efforts to locate and eradicate drug crops, interdict drug production and trafficking activities, and develop their own institutional counternarcotics aviation capabilities. (courtesy of state.gov) [Budget, Herbacides, Drugs, Trafficking, ]Five Issues in Criminal Justice: Corruption, Women in the Criminal Justice System, Criminal Policy Indicators, Community Crime Prevention, and Computer Crime 02/01/2002

By

This background paper had then been sent to several other persons representing different parts of Europe, for commentary. The background papers and commentaries in turn had then been sent in advance to all of the participants so that everyone had had time to review the material already before the [combatting corruption, acts and attitudes, main report, commentaries]Freedom of Expression and Democracy 02/01/2002

By

In 1989, after the end of the Cold War, UNESCO further strengthened its commitments to freedom of the press. To this end, UNESCO organized in all regions of the world a series of seminars on freedom of the press, independent and pluralistic media which led to the adoption of key reference texts. T [International Affairs]From Marble to Mud: The Punishment of Life Imprisonment 12/01/1999

By John Anderson

The term “marble” and “mud” is a metaphor used in a novel by Nathaniel Hawthorne.In the judicial system it means – jail sentence for life.If life is made up of “marble and mud” then the stage of life, the number of years one may potentially be incarcerated, the place, and conditions of such inca [judicial officers, criminal courts,]Global Bibliography of Prison Systems 05/01/1999

By Philip L. Reichel (compiler)

The primary goal for this bibliography is to provide practitioners, scholars, and students, with a reasonably comprehensive source for identifying information written about the prison system in as many countries of the world as possible. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Bibliography, Reference, Search, General]Global Programme against Corruption: An Outline for Action 02/01/1999

By

The Global Programme against Corruption has been drawn up by the Centre for International Crime Prevention of the Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention of the United Nations Secretariat jointly with the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute. The purpose of the P [corruption, economic, political, social, legal, administrative, cultural dimensions,]Global Programme against the Trafficking in Human Beings: An Outline for Action 02/01/1999

By

The smuggling of migrants and trafficking in human beings have increased throughout the world in recent years, owing to the globalization process and other factors. The problem is exacerbated in both size and seriousness by the growing involvement of organized crime groups. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [human trafficking, Human Rights, violence against women, Children, transnational organized crime]Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency 02/01/2002

By

Progressive delinquency prevention policies should avoid criminalizing a child for behavior that does not cause serious damage to the development of the child or harm to others. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Juvenile Delinquency]Guidelines on the Role of Prosecutors 02/01/2002

By

Persons selected as prosecutors shall be individuals of integrity and ability, with appropriate training and qualifications. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Crime]Guiding Principles for Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice in the Context of Development and a New International Economic Order 02/01/2002

By United Nations

Crime prevention as a global phenomenon should not be confined to common criminality, but should also address especially harmful crimes, including economic crime, environmental offenses, illegal drug trafficking, terrorism, apartheid and other comparable crimes. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Crime Prevention]Habeas Corpus and the appeal in Panamanian legislation 02/01/2002

By

[courts]Hacia la construccion de un sistema de capacitacion judicial de calidad 02/01/2002

By Frank Alvarado Cespedes, Carmen Blanco Melendez, Carlos Mendez Cede?o, Carlos Retana Padilla, Ana Tristan Sanchez

[corrections, courts, law enforcement]Handbook on Justice for Victims 02/01/2002

By

Crime takes an enormous physical, financial and emotional toll on its victims. On 29 November 1985, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power (General Assembly resolution 40/34, annex) based on the convic [Human Rights]Having Their Say The Role of Victims in Diversionary Conferencing 02/01/2002

By Senior Constable Jeff Knight

In presenting this paper, I will talk about Diversionary Conferencing in the Australian Capital Territory, including the role of the victim and how the process can help the victim in recovering from the effect of the crime. (excerpted from the Author) [Diversionary Conference (DC), Court system, ACT, Case Study]High Tariff Interventions With Young Offenders in Australia and the Region: Some Proposals for Research 02/01/2002

By Lloyd Owen

This paper reports on the background thinking and some preliminary activity associated with some proposed social research. It concerns high tariff intervention principally through juvenile justice dispositions and programs designed for use with ten to seventeen-year-old offenders. (excerpted from th [juvenile justice, offenders, high tariff, court, supervision, custody]Homicide: Women as Offenders 02/01/2002

By Dr Kenneth Polk

THE PURPOSE OF THIS PAPER IS TO EXAMINE WOMEN AS OFFENDERS IN THE act of homicide. One should start such a discussion with an acknowledgment of the relative rarity of such events. Overwhelmingly, homicide is a masculine phenomenon, in terms of numbers of persons as offenders or as victims, or pe [homicide victims, male, Data, Cases, Court Response]Human Rights and the Ilascu Trial 02/01/2002

By Amnesty International

A group of articles discussing various subjects related to human rights and the Ilascu Trial. [Human Rights,Courts]Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition 02/01/2002

By

Ongoing international initiatives related to the elaboration of an international legal instrument against illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime]Independence of the Judicial Branch in Latin America and Europe 02/01/2002

By

[courts, judges]Informal Note by the High Commissioner for Human Rights 06/01/1999

By United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

Informal note by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Human Rights,Trafficking, Organized Crime]Informal group of the 12/01/1998

By Ad Hoc Committee

Informal group of the ‘Friends of the chair’ of the Ad Hoc committee on the elaboration of the convention against Transnational Organized Crime. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Organized Crime, Transnational]Instructions for the Appointment of Judicial Experts 05/01/2002

By

[courts, witnesses]Interim Report of the Evaluation of the Basic Skills Pathfinder Projects (Executive Summary) 04/01/2002

By Caroline Hudson,Grainne McMahon,Geoff Hayward,Colin Roberts,Rosa Fernandez

Given the lack of previous research on what constitutes effective basic skills teaching, it is difficult to draw firm conclusions in this area. However, the following points have emerged through direct observations of basic skills teaching and interviews with tutors. It should be noted that these [Preliminary Findings, Data, Main Findings, Strategic Planning, Training]International Narcotics Control Strategy Report, 1997 – Money Laundering 03/01/1998

By

Money laundering generally involves a series of multiple transactions used to disguise the source of financial assets so that those assets may be used without compromising the criminals who are seeking to use the funds. (courtesy of state.gov) [Money laundering, drug trafficker, criminal, terrorist, arms trafficker, blackmailer, credit card swindler]International Review of Criminal Policy: UN Manual on the Prevention and Control of Computer-Related Crime 02/01/2002

By

Many groups of experts in the computer and crime-enforcement fields have discussed, and continue to discuss, these issues. The discussions suggest that the phenomenon of computer crime has existed for some time and will not go away. Computer technology today is where automotive technology was in [Cybercrime]International Victimology Symposium Introduction: President’s Opening Address 02/01/2002

By

An introduction to the International Victimology Symposium addressing the issue of victims on trial and in opposition to victims as third parties. [Victims, Offenders, Symposium, Courts, Justice system]International criminal law – (Guide to resources on the Internet) 02/01/2002

By Massimo Magagni

The Research Guide to International Law on the Internet, featuring links to International Criminal Court, Ad-Hoc Tribunals, and War Crimes Tribunal Watch. [International, Law, Criminal, Guide, Internet]Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Capital Punishment 02/01/2002

By James Fieser

The applied ethics issue of capital punishment involves determining whether the execution of criminals is ever justified, and, if so under what circumstances it is permissible. Philosophical defenses of capital punishment typically draw from more general discussions of punishment. (courtesy of The I [Death Penalty]Jobs, Not Gaols: A New Agenda for Youth 02/01/2002

By Kenneth Polk

Young people growing up today look forward to the same dreams that have guided other generations of Australians. Most want to finish school, get a job, enjoy a period of independence, begin an attachment, and then establish a family. For many in Australia today, this is a broken dream. While our [youth policy, economic life, social life, unemployment, youth crime]Judicial and Probation Guidelines for Disposition of Misdemeanour Domestic-Related Offences, St. Louis County Court, Duluth (United States of America) 02/01/2002

By G.A. Goolkasian

Judicial and Probation guidelines used by the St.Louis County Court. The guidelines are for probation officers in the disposition of misdemeanour, criminal cases involving domestic related offenses. [misdemeanour domestic crime]Justice Center: Focus on the Death Penalty 02/01/2002

By

According to Amnesty International, at least 2,258 prisoners in 37 countries were known to have been executed in 1998 and 4,845 persons in 78 countries were known to have received death sentences. These numbers reflect only cases Amnesty International knows about; actual numbers are probably higher. [Death Penalty]Justice as Guarantor of Human Rights: Independence of the Judge 02/01/2002

By

[judges, courts]Justicia Penal Y Libertad De Prensa Tomo 1 02/01/2002

By

El presente volumen contiene las contribuciones de cada uno de los países que abarca la investigación sobre libertad de prensa y derecho penal en Centroamérica y Panamá, como también de los países que intervienen como términos de comparación en Sudamérica (Brasil y Argentina) y en Europa (Alemania, [courts, law enforcement]Justicia penal y libertad de prensa Tomo II 02/01/2002

By Raul Zaffaroni

El presente volumen reune los trabajos finales de investigacion del proyecto “Justicia Penal y Libertad de Prensa en Centroamerica y Panama”, proyecto que, no obstante la delimitacion geografica de su titulo, a efectos de recoger informacion comparada que permitiera inteligir de manera integral la p [corrections, courts, law enforcement]Justicia penal y libertad de prensa. Tomo I 02/01/2002

By Raul Zaffaroni

El presente volumen reune los trabajos finales de investigacion del proyecto “Justicia Penal y Libertad de Prensa en Centroamerica y Panama”, proyecto que, no obstante la delimitacion geografica de su titulo, a efectos de recoger informacion comparada que permitiera inteligir de manera integral la p [corrections, courts, law enforcement]Juvenile Justice in New Zealand 02/01/2002

By Michael J.A. Brown

Much offending by young people starts at a relatively petty level. The danger of resorting to court action in such cases is the risk of exposing the young person to associations and practices which may prove unhelpful, and can result in an increase in offending behaviour. Most young persons grow [young people, offend, law, youth justice, definitions, family group]La funcion de un sistema nacional de integridad nacional en la lucha contra la corrupcion 02/01/2002

By Petter Langseth, Rick Strapenhurst, Jeremy Pope

El tema de la corrupción ha llegado a ocupar el centro del escenario dentro de toda sociedad civil. Las consecuencias económicas que se dan dentro de una corrupción generalizada junto con las recientes tendencias hacia la democratización han aumentado la presión para que los funcionarios públicos se [Corruption, International Issues]Las Lineas Torcidas Del Derecho 02/01/2002

By YADIRA CALVO

Uno de los objetivos del Programa Mujer, Justicia y Genero del ILANUD es dar a conocer el androcentrismo – cuando no misoginia -en la administracion de justicia con la esperanza de disminuir la injusticia que se imparte cuando las mujeres nos relacionamos de una u otra manera con el sistema legal. [courts, female offenders, women-crimes against]Law of Ukraine on Judicial Expertise 05/01/2002

By

[courts, judges]Law of Ukraine on State Secrets 04/01/2002

By Security Service of Ukraine

[courts, police, law enforcement]Law on the Court System of Ukraine 04/01/2002

By

[]Legal Aid and Its Role in the Reduction of Delays in Criminal Proceedings in Victoria 02/01/2002

By Ann-Louise Boag

By our involvement in pre-trial discussions and the careful examination of evidence prior to the briefing of Counsel, the Commission is, within its budget constraints, providing the best advice to its clients in addition to assisting in the promotion of an efficient criminal justice system for th [Committees, criminal cases, court system, pleas, criminal justice]Legal Aspects of Judicial Corruption 02/01/2002

By

[courts, judges]Legal Framework against Transnational Organized Crime by Criminal Justice Systems in Different Countries 02/01/2002

By

Under the theme of the 108th International Seminar “Current Problems in the Combat of Organized Transnational Crime”, our group was assigned to explore the legal framework against organized transnational crime in different countries’ criminal justice systems. [transnational organized crime, courts]Legislation Setting Out Standards of Services to Victims of Crime Victim’s Charter, 1996 (United Kingdom) 02/01/2002

By

It sets out improved and extended standards of service to victims. It tells victims what level of service they should expect from the police, the courts and other agencies from the moment they report a crime. [Victim Support, Victims of Crime, HELP FROM THE POLICE, VICTIM SUPPORT, , law enforcement]Legislative Requirements on Firearm Restrictions Found in the Domestic Violence Act 1995 (New Zealand) 02/01/2002

By

In the 1995 New Zealand Domestic Violence Act there are a number of sections that pertain to firearms restrictions. Section 21 contains the standard conditions relating to weapons in terms of protection orders. Section 22 allows courts to dispense with, modify, discharge, or re-impose standard co [Firearm Restrictions, Domestic Violence Act 1995, Violence Against Women]Linguistic Sexism and Juridical Language 02/01/2002

By

[courts]Look Who’s Stalking: Seeking a Solution to the Problem of Stalking 04/01/2002

By Michael J. Allen

This article examines the phenomenon of stalking and considers the approaches being adopted to deal with it by victims, prosecutors and the courts in England and Wales. The adequacy of the current civil remedies and criminal offences which are available to deal with the problem is examined. [Stalking, Victims, violence against women]Measures to Combat the Smuggling of Illegal Migrants – Report of the Secretary-General 03/01/1996

By Secretary-General

The present report was prepared pursuant to Economic and Social Council resolution 1995/10 of 24 July 1995, concerning criminal justice action to combat the organized smuggling of illegal migrants across national boundaries, adopted on the recommendation of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Cri [human trafficking, Smuggling, Migrants, Illegal, Member states, Governments]Meeting of the Justice and Interior Ministers of The Eight, December 9-10, 1997, COMMUNIQUE 12/01/1997

By

At the Summit of The Eight in Denver, our Heads of State and Government directed us to intensify our efforts to implement the forty recommendations of the Summit of Lyon, in order to combat transnational organized criminal activity posing an ever-greater threat to the individual and collective secur [Cybercrime]Milan Plan of Action 02/01/2002

By

Possessing national and international dimensions, the problem of crime demands a concerted response from the community of nations to reduce opportunities for the commission of crimes and to address relevant socioeconomic factors, such as poverty, inequality and unemployment. Unbalanced or inadequate [crime, Recommendations, UN]Minority Rights Fact Sheet 02/01/2002

By

The protection of minorities has not, until recently, attracted the same level of attention as that accorded other rights which the United Nations considered as having a greater urgency. In recent years, however, there has been a heightened interest in issues affecting minorities as ethnic, racial a [human rights]Model Agreement on the Transfer of Foreign Prisoners and Recommendations on the Treatment of Foreign Prisoners 02/01/2002

By

Foreign prisoners should be informed, in a language they understand, of the prison regime and regulations as well as their right to request contact with consular authorities. Proper assistance should be given in dealings with medical or programme staff and concerning such matters as complaints, spec [Foreign Prisoners]Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Vioence Against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice: Victim Support and Assistance 02/01/2002

By

Among the principles and practices advocated in these documents are the following:the need for the views and concerns of the victims to be considered, the need to protect the safety of victims; the right to restitution or compensation. [Violence Against Women, victim support & assistance, formal complaints, redress of harm, gender sensitive court procedures]Narcotics Interdiction in Central Asia and Afghanistan: Challenges for International Donors 04/01/2002

By Nancy Lubin,Alex Klaits,Igor Barsegian

This updated report reflects the implications of the dramatically changed political context of UN and US involvement in these areas following the events of September 11 and the new commitment of international funds following the Tokyo Summit. (courtesy of www.eurasianet.org) [Narcotics, Trafficking, Human rights, Women, Conflict]National Conference on Juvenile Justice Opening Address 02/01/2002

By Michael Tate

THE TOPIC OF DISCUSSION TODAY IS CONCERNED WITH THE MAIN ISSUES IN juvenile justice. From the Commonwealth’s perspective and from my perspective as the Minister responsible for the Australian Federal Police and federal sentencing, the issues of prevention of crime and diversion of young offender [Juvenile justice, crime prevention, young offenders, courts ]National Integrity System Country Studies. 02/01/2002

By Petter Langseth, Rick Stapenhurst

The issue of corruption has come to center stage. The economic consequences of pervasive corruption, and recent trends toward democratization, have increased the pressure for accountability and transparency from those in public office. This paper builds on an earlier Working Paper (“The Rol [corruption, costs, private sector, government reforms]No-Man’s-Land: Negotiating Spaces for Women and Men in War and Peace 02/01/2002

By Stephen Wallace

The problem of sexual violence is becoming recognised as a significant social problem. Explanations for this violence have ranged from the micro (for example, the individual pathology of the offender), to the meso (for example, the result of peer group pressure in sexual/violent situations) and [sexual violence, committed by males, Violence Against Women]Northern Territory Court-Mandated Pilot Program for Offenders of Domestic and Aboriginal Family Violence 10/01/1999

By Ian Castillon & Chris Manners

The Northern Territory Government, under the National Domestic Violence Task Force initiatives launched in 1994, received funding from the Commonwealth Government for the 1999 calendar year to pilot a court mandated program for offenders of domestic and Aboriginal family violence. The specific ob [court mandated, criminal justice, violent behaviors, Violence Against Women]Note by the Secretary-General on the draft questionnaire on United Nations juvenile justice standards and norms 04/01/1996

By Secretary-General

A Draft questionnaire on United Nations juvenile justice standards and norms. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Juvenile Delinquency,Deprivation,Prevention, Discipline,Socialization]Note by the Secretary-General on the establishment of a regional centre for training and research in crime prevention and criminal justice for the Mediterranean States 03/01/1996

By United Nations Secretary-General

Establishment of a regional centre for training and research in crime prevention and criminal justice for the Mediterranean States. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Crime Prevention, Criminal Justice, Economic and Social Council, Mediterranean States]Note dated 15 May 1996 from the Permanent Representative of the Permanent Mission of the Syrian Arab Republic to the United Nations (Vienna), addressed to the Secretary-General 05/01/1996

By United Nations

The Permanent Representative of the Permanent Mission of the Syrian Arab Republic to the United Nations (Vienna), Riad Siage, has formally requested the Secretary-General to circulate, under item 3, the attached note on national and transnational crime, organized crime, economic crime, including mon [transnational crime, organized crime, economic crime, money laundering]Offender Treatment Programmes: CHANGE Project (Scotland) 02/01/2002

By Dobash, Rebecca and Russell Dobash

The CHANGE project works with men on probation who are directed to attend the project by order of the court. The men’s programme began in 1990. It offers a group approach designed to ensure that the offender take responsibility for his own actions. [social workers, Cost issues, Implementation details, Evaluation, ]On the Subject of Jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights 02/01/2002

By

[]Outcome of Psychiatric Admission Through the Courts 04/01/2002

By Edward Dr. David James, Dr. Frank Farnham,Dr. Helen Moorey,Helen Lloyd,Kate Hill,Robert Blizard,Professor T.R.E. Barnes

Concerns about people with serious mental disorders ending up in prison inappropriately have prompted interest in measures to identify them when they enter the criminal justice system. Psychiatric assessment schemes have become an important part of this process. This study evaluates two of the lar [Mental, Disorders, Prison, Criminal, Evaluation]Pillars of Integrity: The Importance of Supreme Audit Institutions in Curbing Corruption. 02/01/2002

By Kenneth M. Dye and Rick Stapenhurst

This paper discusses the role of SAIs in promoting accountability and transparency within government,considers some of the factors making for effective SAIs and highlights the linkages between the audit institutions and other “pillars of integrity,” notably the media and Parliament.(abst [Corruption, SAI, The Media, Audits, Historical Background]Plenary Session: Ethics Regimes in the Public Sector 02/01/1999

By Hon. Stephen D. Potts

I would like to open this session with some brief observations on developments that have taken place in the last several years in the worldwide movement to combat corruption, and share with you my own perspective based on my experience as the Director of the U.S. Office of Government Ethics. (cou [Corruption, Government, Ethics, Bribery, Officials]Police and Prosecution 03/01/1999

By Tony Krone

It is convenient to consider the boundary between police and the prosecutor in two stages. The first is during the investigation up to the point of charging. The second is following arrest or charge while the prosecution is being conducted. [Criminal cases, courts, prosecution, Police, law enforcement]Preface: An Overview of Violence in Australia 02/01/2002

By

The chapters presented in this volume raise many of the issues of current interest in both the popular and expert discussion. The Opening Address (Hayden) and a chapter in the first section, Patterns and Issues, give general overview discussions (Chappell). (courtesy of AIC.GOV.AU) [Defining Violence, Homicide, Robbery, Sexual assault, Sociocultural explanations]Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) in the Courtroom 02/01/2002

By Dr Patricia Easteal

A report by Dr Patricia Easteal about PMS and the incidence of violence in women in relation to PMS. [violent woman, menstrual taboos, pregnancy, post -partum, Medical Perspective]Presidential Decree on the Creation of an Economic Appeals Court 04/01/2002

By

[courts, economic crime]Preventing Car Theft & Crime in Car Parks 02/01/2002

By Susan Geason and Paul R. Wilson

This report combines a situational approach to the prevention of car crime with longer term educational strategies. It suggests simple preventive measures for motor vehicle owners; offers practical advice to car manufacturers on improving car security features; and describes environmental design str [Australia, Thieves, Vehicles, educating the public, surveillance, cost]Preventing Crime on Transport 02/01/2002

By Patricia Weiser Easteal and Paul R. Wilson

Specific forms of crime occurring on trains, trams and underground transport systems, buses and bus shelters, taxis, in airports and on aircraft are explored. Successful techniques employed as crime prevention measures in Australia and overseas are described. Situational crime prevention strategies, [Acknowledgements, Introduction, Trains, Trams, Underground systems, Buses, Bus shelters, Taxi’s]Preventing Graffiti and Vandalism 02/01/2002

By Susan Geason and Paul Wilson

This report discusses criminological theories on vandalism and the problems created by graffiti and vandalism. It describes planning, management, architectural and design strategies for minimising vandalism and graffiti on public transport, in public places, in and around public telephones, in schoo [defensible space, culture, public housing, public transport, schools, public phones, public areas]Prison Writings Conference 04/01/2002

By

This multifaceted conference marks the launch of a new project to promote and encourage the inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary study of all aspects of prison writings and the literature of incarceration and confinement. (courtesy of www.inter-disciplinary.net) [Prison, Disciplinary, Literature]Progress report of Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (ninth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Progress report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]Proposals and Contribution Received from Governments (Migrants – Colombia) (eleventh meeting) 09/01/2000

By Ad Hoc Committee

Finalization and approval of the additional international legal instrument against illegal trafficking in and transporting of migrants. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Migration]Proposals and Contribution Received from Governments on UN Crime Convention (Firearms) (eleventh meeting) 09/01/2000

By Ad Hoc Committee

Finalization and approval of the additional international legal instrument against illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Firearms,Import,Export]Proposals and Contribution Received from Governments on UN Crime Convention (Migrants) (eleventh meeting) 10/01/2000

By United Nations

Finalization and approval of the additional international legal instrument against trafficking in and transporting of migrants. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Smuggled, Migrants]Proposals and Contribution Received from Governments on UN Crime Convention (Persons, one) (eleventh meeting) 10/01/2000

By United Nations

Finalization and approval of the additional international legal instrument against trafficking in persons, especially women and children. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Italy, Trafficking, Women, Children, violence against women]Proposals and Contribution Received from Governments on UN Crime Convention (Persons, two) (eleventh meeting) 10/01/2000

By United Nations

Finalization and approval of the additional international legal instrument against trafficking in persons, especially women and children. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Canada, Trafficking, Women, Children, violence against women]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments (Convention) (ninth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Consideration of the revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 2, 2 bis (subparagraph (a) only), 4 bis, 9, 10, 10 bis, 14, 14 bis, 15 and 16. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Crime]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments (Migrants) (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Consideration of the additional international legal instrument against illegal trafficking in and transporting of migrants. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments (fourth meeting, one) 05/01/1999

By

Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4 ter, 5, 6, 9, 10 and 14. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Government(s),Contributions]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments (fourth meeting, two) 06/01/1999

By United Nations

Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4 ter, 5, 6, 9, 10 and 14. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Mutual Assistance, Contributions, Government(s)]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments (second group) 02/01/2002

By

The Secretary-General has the honour to bring to the attention of the Ad Hoc Committee the comments and proposals of States that relate to the draft international legal instrument against illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition and other related materials, which was submitte [Firearms]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments on UN Crime Convention (Migrants – Azerbaijan) (eleventh meeting) 09/01/2000

By

Finalization and approval of the additional international legal instrument against illegal trafficking in and transporting of migrants. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Smuggling, Migrants]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments on UN Crime Convention (second meeting, one) 02/01/1999

By

Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 1-3 Consideration of the additional international legal instrument against trafficking in women and children. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Organized Crime, Trafficking, Human rights,Women, Children, violence against women]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments on UN Crime Convention (second meeting, two) 03/01/1999

By United Nations

Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 1-3 Consideration of the additional international legal instrument against trafficking in women and children. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Organized Crime, Trafficking, Human rights,Women, Children, violence against women]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments on UN Crime Convention(third meeting) 03/01/1999

By

Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4, 4 bis, 7 and 8 Consideration of the additional international legal instrument against illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components [Organized Crime, Trafficking, Human rights]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments on the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (fifth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4, 4 bis, 7, 7 bis, 7 ter, 10, 14 (paras. 14-22) and 15-19. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Government, Assets, Crime, transnational organized crime]Proposals and contributions received from Governments (Convention) (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Consideration of the revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 2, 2 bis (subparagraph (a) only), 4, 4 bis, 4 ter, 4 quater, 7, 7 bis, 7 ter, 17, 17 bis, 18, 18 bis and 18 ter. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]Proposals and contributions received from Governments (seventh meeting, one) 02/01/2002

By

Consideration of the revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 1-3, 5 and 6. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime, Governments, Proposals and contributions]Proposals and contributions received from Governments (seventh meeting, two) 02/01/2002

By

Consideration of the additional international legal instrument against illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms,their parts and components and ammunition. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime]Proposals and contributions received from Governments (sixth meeting, one) 02/01/2002

By

Consideration of the revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4 ter, 17 bis and 20-30. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime, Proposals, Contributions, Governments]Proposals and contributions received from Governments (sixth meeting, three) 02/01/2002

By

Consideration of additional international legal instruments: draft instrument against trafficking in persons, especially women and children, with particular emphasis on articles 8-18. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime, Trafficking, Human Rights, Women, Children, violence against women]Proposals and contributions received from Governments (sixth meeting, two) 02/01/2002

By

Consideration of additional international legal instruments: draft instrument against illegal trafficking in and transporting of migrants,with particular emphasis on articles 7-19. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime, Proposals, Contributions, Governments]Prosecutorial Policy on Domestic Violence: The Policy in the Northern Territory (Australia) 02/01/2002

By

The General Order on Domestic Violence adopts a “no drop” policy such that a domestic violence-related prosecution was proceeded with regardless of the victim’s circumstances existed. Further, in order to minimise the trauma to victims of domestic violence, attempts were made where possible to “f [Domestic Violence, Australia, Australian Institute of Criminology, related prosecutions, Violence Against Women]Prostitution in NSW: The Impact of Deregulation 02/01/2002

By Dr Sandra Egger and Christine Harcourt

A report by Dr Sandra Egger and Christine Harcourt about Prostitution in the New South Wales and the impact of deregulation. [Brothel, common law, decriminalisation, deregulation, NSW, Sex Workers, Escorts, Sexual Health]Protecting Counter and Interviewing Staff from Client Aggression 02/01/2002

By Bruce Swanton and Daryl Webber

This work looks at various forms of workplace aggression, the public contact environment, personal contact skills, terminating client contact and post incident administration. It adopts a prevention oriented approach, directed at personnel and office managers concerned to protect their staff from cl [aggression, eployees, western countries, police, Client motivation, law enforcement]Protecting Judicial Independence: A Global Effort 02/01/2002

By

The Committee on International Judicial Relations was established to respond to requests for assistance from judiciaries in foreign lands. Its principal objective is to help develop independent judiciaries around the world. To this end, it facilitates overseas visits by U.S. federal judges and visit [International Judicial Relations, U.S. Court of Appeals , judicial independence]Provisional Agenda, fifth session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 03/01/1996

By

ADOPTION OF THE AGENDA AND ORGANIZATION OF WORK. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Firearms,Crime, Offenders, Treatment, Justice]Public defense in Latin America from the modern Criminal Procedural Law perspective 02/01/2002

By

[court, defense services]Questionnaire Regarding Video Conferencing Capabilities of the Eight 01/01/1999

By

This is a Questionnaire Regarding Video Conferencing Capabilities of the eight. [law enforcement, perjury, courts or law]Rape-Sentencing Guidelines as Laid out in Case Law: R v. Billam and Others (United Kingdom) 02/01/2002

By

In the present case, [1986] 1 W.L.R. 349, the following new guidelines on appropriate sentences for rape and attempted rape were laid down by the Court of Appeal. 2. For rape committed by an adult without any aggravating or mitigating features, 5 years should be taken as the starting point in a con [United Kingdom, Court of Appeal, attempted rape, Violence Against Women]Recent Developments in Environmental Criminal Law in New South Wales 02/01/2002

By Josephine Kelly

The volume of pollution prosecutions being commenced in the criminal jurisdiction of the Land and Environment Court has declined and will probably not return to the levels of 1989 to 1992 (for the reasons for this see chapter in this volume by Mr Justice Stein). Nevertheless, the awareness and co [environmental law, statutes, pollution control, prosecutions]Recidivism rates for Drug Court Graduates: Nationally Based Estimates 07/01/2003

By John Roman, Wendy Townsend, Avinash Singh Bhati, Ph.D.

This report presents a general estimate of recidivism amoung a nationally representative sample of drug court graduates. [Drugs, courts, sentencing]Recommendations for Judges in Sentencing in Domestic Violence Cases Involving Drug and Alcohol Abuse The Dade County Domestic Violence Court Experiment United States of America 02/01/2002

By John S Goldkamp,Doris Welland,Mark Collins,Michael White

An abstract from the national institute of justice and the american bar association research report legal interventions in family violence. It includes findings and implications drawn from the Dade County’s Domestic Violence Court Experiment and includes implications for judges in terms of sentancin [Drug and Alcohol Abuse,Domestic Violence,Victims of Crime, violence against women]Reforming Prisons: A 1970s Experience 12/01/1999

By Tony Vinson

Prison reform in New South Wales in the late 1970s and early 1980s was ripe for dramatic exploitation. A searching and highly publicised Royal Commission of Inquiry held between 1975 and 1978 had thrust before a hitherto indifferent public, revelations of systematic state brutality which sat unco [humanitarian, change & reform, courts]Remand Imprisonment in Australia 02/01/2002

By David Biles

A report by David Biles for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Remand Imprisonment in Australia. [imprisonment, prisons, overcrowding, law enforcement, incarceration, law, policy, court, trial, jail]Report by the Group of Rapporteurs 02/01/2002

By

The statements by the State representatives-both those on the progress of general programs and those on the experience acquired in implementing specific institutions or research with considerable social impact, due to their complexity and dimensions-pointed to the absolute necessity of steadfast pol [Corruption, World Bank, Latin America]Report of Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its eighth session, held in Vienna from 21 February – 3 March 2000 (ninth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its eighth session, held in Vienna from 21 February to 3 March 2000. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]Report of Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its first session, held in Vienna from 19 to 29 January 1999 01/01/1999

By

Report of Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its first session, held in Vienna from19 to 29 January 1999. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Elections, transnational organized crime]Report of Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its second session, held in Vienna from 8 to 12 March 1999 03/01/1999

By

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its second session, held in Vienna from 8 to 12 March 1999. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Trafficking, Women, Children, Human rights, transnational organized crime]Report of Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its third session, held in Vienna from 28 April to 3 May 1999 05/01/1999

By United Nations

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its third session, held in Vienna from 28 April to 3 May 1999. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Trafficking, Human Rights, Women, Children,Firearms, transnational organized crime]Report of the 2nd Seminar on Anti-Corruption Strategies 02/01/2002

By

The Second Seminar on Anti-Corruption Strategies for Central and Eastern European Countries (Seminar) was held at the International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA), Budapest, Hungary, from 25 to 28 May 1998. The Seminar was organised by UNICRI and generously funded by the United States Department of [Political/Administrative corruption, Economic corruption]Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organinzed Crime on its fifth session, held in Vienna from 4 to 15 October 1999 (sixth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its fifth session, held in Vienna from4 to 15 October 1999. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Ad hoc,Organized Crime, Transmigrational]Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its fourth session, held in Vienna from 28 June to 9 July 1999 02/01/2002

By

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its fourth session, held in Vienna from28 June to 9 July 1999. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [international, trafficking, women, children, human rights, transnational organized crime]Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its seventh session, held in Vienna from 17 – 28 January 2000 (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its seventh session, held in Vienna from 17 to 28 January 2000. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Human rights, transnational organized crime]Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its sixth session, held in Vienna from 6 to 17 October 1999 (seventh meeting) 02/01/2002

By Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its sixth session, held in Vienna from 6 to 17 October 1999. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Drugs and Crime, Transnational Organized Crime]Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of the Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (third meeting) 04/01/1999

By

International cooperation in combating transnational crime: elaboration of an international convention against transnational organized crime and other possible international instruments. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Organized Crime, transnational organized crime]Report of the Secretary-General on Strategic management of the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme 04/01/1996

By Secretary-General

The question of the strategic management of the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme has preoccupied the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice since its inception. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [CRIME PREVENTION, CRIMINAL JUSTICE, protection, United Nations]Report of the Secretary-General on United Nations standards and norms in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice 04/01/1996

By Secretary-General

The present report gives an overview of activities which aim at the promotion of the use and application of existing United Nations standards and norms in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice, pursuant to Economic and Social Council resolutions 1992/22, section VII, of 30 July 1992, 19 [law enforcement, principles of justice, capital punishment, human rights, women]Report of the Secretary-General on a draft plan of action on the elimination of violence against women 04/01/1996

By Secretary-General

The present report contains a draft plan of action of the Secretary-General on the elimination of violence against women, formulated in accordance with Economic and Social Council resolution 1995/27 of 24 July 1995, section IV (C), on the elimination of violence against women. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Violence, Elimination, Women, Trafficking, Economic and Social Council, Governments, Violence Against Women]Report of the Secretary-General on a draft plan of action on the elimination of violence against women, Corrigendum 05/01/1996

By Secretary-General

Draft plan of action on the elimination of violence against women. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Violence, Elimination, Women, Trafficking, Economic and Social Council, Governments, Violence Against Women]Report of the Secretary-General on action against corruption 04/01/1996

By Secretary-General

The Commission was of the opinion that the draft code, when finalized, could constitute an important tool for the operational activities of the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme, as well as for States wishing to include similar codes in measures to prevent and control co [Prevention, Crime, Treatment, Offenders, Economic and Social Council]Report of the Secretary-General on activities of the institutes comprising the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme network 03/01/1996

By Secretary-General

The present report has been prepared in accordance with the recommendations of the Economic and Social Council in its resolutions 1992/22, section IV, and 1994/21, with a view to facilitating the worldwide coordination of activities related to crime prevention and criminal justice. (courtesy of UNCJ [Economic and Social Council,National and transnational crime, organized crime, economic crime, including money-laundering]Report of the Secretary-General on children as victims and perpetrators of crime 04/01/1996

By Secretary-General

The Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, at its third session, adopted resolution 3/1, on violence against women and children. Pursuant to a request contained in that resolution, the Secretary-General submitted to the Commission at its fourth session a report on activities of United [victims, violence, children, perpetrators, Violence Against Women]Report of the Secretary-General on cooperation and coordination of activities in crime prevention and criminal justice, including activities of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme 03/01/1996

By Secretary-General

Cooperation and coordination of activities in crime prevention and criminal justice has been persistently called for by the General Assembly as well as the Economic and Social Council in the years that followed the restructuring of the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme a [Intergovernmental, Crime prevention, Criminal Justice, Drug control]Report of the Secretary-General on measures to prevent illicit trafficking in children 04/01/1997

By United Nations Secretary-General

Further to the report of the Secretary-General, submitted to the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice at its fifth session, on children as victims and perpetrators of crime (E/CN.15/1996/10),the present report provides an overview of additional information received from Governments c [trafficking in children, Commission, Crime Prevention, Criminal Justice.]Report of the Secretary-General on measures to prevent illicit trafficking in children, addendum 04/01/1997

By United Nations Secretary-General

The present addendum brings to the attention of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice additional information provided by Governments as of 31 March 1996, thereby updating the report of the Secretary-General on measures to prevent illicit trafficking in children (E/CN.15/1997/12). [human trafficking]Report of the Secretary-General on practical measures in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice to eliminate violence against women 03/01/1996

By Secretary-General

The Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, in its resolution 3/1, entitled “Violence against women and children”, invited the institutes of the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme network to report to the Commission at its fifth session on practical measures [Crime Prevention,Criminal justice,meetings, conferences, research, Violence Against Women]Report of the Secretary-General on practical measures in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice to eliminate violence against women, Corrigendum 05/01/1996

By Secretary-General

Practical measures in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice to eliminate violence against women. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Crime Prevention,Criminal justice, gender issues, equality, women, conflicts, Violence Against Women]Report of the Secretary-General on proposals for the preparations for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders 04/01/1996

By Secretary-General

Proposals for the preparations for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [treatment,offenders,orientation, structure, ninth congress]Report of the Secretary-General on technical cooperation and advisory services for the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme 04/01/1996

By United Nations Secretary-General

Technical cooperation and advisory services of the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [CRIME PREVENTION, CRIMINAL JUSTICE, protection of the environment]Report of the Secretary-General on technical cooperation and advisory services for the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme, Corrigendum 05/01/1996

By United Nations Secretary-General

Technical cooperation and advisory services of the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [crime prevention, criminal justice]Report of the Secretary-General on the administration of juvenile justice 04/01/1997

By United Nations Secretary-General

Pursuant to Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/13, the present report provides an overview of information received from Governments on their administration of juvenile justice and, in particular, their contributions to the elaboration of a programme of action to promote the effective use a [juvenile justice, international standards, witnesses]Report of the Secretary-General on the development of United Nations minimum rules for the administration of criminal justice 04/01/1997

By United Nations – report of the Secretary General

The present report has been prepared in response to Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice decision 5/101. It contains information received from States regarding the advisability and specific content of the draft minimum rules for the administration of criminal justice. It summarizes t [Rules, Administration, Crime, Justice, Prevention]Report of the Secretary-General on the development of United Nations minimum rules for the administration of criminal justice, addendum 04/01/1997

By United Nations Secretary-General

The present addendum summarizes additional comments received from the Governments of Cuba and Hungary on the advisability and specific content of th e draft minimum rules for the administration of criminal justice, bringing the number of Governments that have submitted replies to 52. (courtesy of U [Cuba, Hungary, Governments, draft, minimum rules]Report of the Secretary-General on the elimination of violence against women 04/01/1997

By United Nations Secretary-General

The present report has been prepared in pursuance of Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/12, on the elimination of violence against women, adopted on the recommendation of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice at its fifth session. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Domestic Violence, Women, Trafficking, victims rights, Violence Against Women]Report of the Secretary-General on the elimination of violence against women, addendum 04/01/1997

By United Nations Secretary-General

The present addendum brings to the attention of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Crimina l Justice additional information provided by Governments as of 31 March 1997, thereby updating the report of the Secretary-General on the elimination of violence against women (E/CN.15/1997/11). It summar [domestic Violence, Women, Trafficking, victims rights, child abuse, Violence Against Women]Report of the Secretary-General on the role of criminal law in the protection of the environment 02/01/1997

By United Nations Secretary-General

The present report has been prepared in response to Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/10. It contains information received from Governments and other sources on the role of criminal law in the protection of the environment, covers their views on the feasibility of establishing appropriate [Criminal law, protection of environment, legislation]Report of the Secretary-General on the role of criminal law in the protection of the environment, addendum 1 03/01/1997

By United Nations Secretary-General

The law on cultural and natural assets also contains penal provisions, which provide for imprisonment of up to five years for causing damage to immovable cultural and natural assets and up to 10 years of imprisonment for taking abroad movable cultural and natural assets. Other laws containing penal [Transnational Law, Protection of the Environment, Criminal Law]Report of the Secretary-General on the role of criminal law in the protection of the environment, addendum 2 04/01/1997

By United Nations Secretary-General

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN COMBATING TRANSNATIONAL CRIME THE ROLE OF CRIMINAL LAW IN THE PROTECTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Crime, Criminal Law, Protection of the Environment, ]Report of the Secretary-General on the use and application of United Nations standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice 04/01/1997

By United Nations Secretary-General

The present report has been prepared pursuant to Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/16. It provides an overview of the current system for the gathering of information on the use and application of United Nations standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice. It contains comm [Standards, Crime, Prevention, Inter-sessional, Human rights]Report of the Secretary-General on the use and application of United Nations standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice, addendum 04/01/1997

By United Nations Secretary-General

The present addendum summarizes the replies received from the Governments of Qatar, Tunisia and the United States of America on the desirability of establishing an inter-sessional working group to examine the reports on the use and application of the United Nations standards and norms in crime prev [Governments, Crime Prevention, Criminal Justice, Standards and Norms, Qatar, Tunisia]Report on the Seminar for Legislators on Improving the Administration of Justice 02/01/2002

By

[law enforcement, police, courts]Resolution of the Supreme Court of Ukraine from 30 May 1997 on Judicial Expertise in Criminal and Civil Cases 05/01/2002

By

[courts, witnesses]Restorative Justice and Deterring Crime 02/01/2002

By Lawrence W Sherman and Heather Strang

The Canberra reintegrative shaming experiments indicate that offenders are more deterred from repeat offending after experiencing the restorative justice approach of diversionary conferencing than after court proceedings. Drink drivers predict more dire consequences especially with their families, i [Experiments, Drink, Court, Canberra police, Criminology, law enforcement]Restorative Justice and Offenders’ Respect for the Law 02/01/2002

By Lawrence W Sherman and Geoffrey C Barnes

The new method, called “diversionary conferencing” in the ACT, was introduced here in 1994 and has been under evaluation since mid-1995. It adopts principles of restorative justice – described in the work of Professor John Braithwaite of the ANU – and seeks to condemn the crime but not the criminal. [Offender, Victim, Crime, Conferencing, Families]Restorative Justice: Current Developments and Research Findings 02/01/2002

By Heather Strang

Restorative justice is focused on repairing the harm caused by the offence and is about restoring victims, restoring offenders and restoring communities.These findings suggest that, as for victims, for offenders attending conferences a sense of both procedural justice and restorative justice was h [Model of Justice, Victim, Offenders]Review for Release: The Use and Misuse of Psychiatric Opinion 02/01/2002

By William E. Lucas

This paper will consider the use made of psychiatric opinion in the cases of two prisoners whose non-parole periods were extended by the Supreme Court of South Australia after applications by the Crown.( excerpted from the Author) [violent offenders, psychiatric opinion, Cases, psychiatrists, courts]Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (fifth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Draft Protocol against the Smuggling ofMigrants by Land, 1 Air and Sea, Supplementing the United Nations Convention 2 against Transnational Organized Crime3. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Ad hoc, Human rights, International Affairs, Crime,Trafficking, transnational organized crime]Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (ninth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling1 of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea,2 supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [human trafficking, transnational organized crime]Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (sixth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Consideration of the additional legal instruments: draft instrument against illegal trafficking in and transporting of migrants, with particular emphasis on articles 7-19. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime, Human rights,Trafficking]Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (seventh meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling1 of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea,2 supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Human Rights, transnational organized crime]Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime 02/01/1999

By

Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 1-3. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Crime, Drugs, Trafficking, Terrorism, transnational organized crime]Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (6th meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Consideration of the revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4 ter, 17 bis and 20-30. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime]Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (fourth meeting) 05/01/1999

By

Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4 ter, 5, 6, 9, 10 and 14. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime]Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (ninth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

The purpose of this Convention is to promote cooperation to prevent and combat transnational organized crime more effectively. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime]Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (seventh meeting) 02/01/2002

By Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

Consideration of the revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 1-3, 5 and 6. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [trafficking, migrants, immigration, emmigration, policy, organized crime, laundering, transnational organized crime]Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty 02/01/2002

By

The Rules are designed to establish minimum standards accepted by the United Nations for the protection of juveniles deprived of their liberty and serve as convenient standards of reference to professionals involved in the juvenile justice system. They should be made available to juvenile justice pe [Crime and Punishment]Rules of Procedure for the International Criminal Court: Problems to Address in Light of the Experience of the ad hoc Tribunals 02/01/2002

By Vladimir Tochilovsky

The Statute itself is a child of compromises. One of them is a compromise between commonlaw and civil-law forms of adjudication. Damaš ka provides the following “core meaning” of the two systems: “the adversarial mode of proceedings takes its shape from a contest or a disput [adjudication, guilty plea, criminal litigation, Trial Chamber, PROSECUTION]STOP Violence Against Women Formula Grants Program, US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs: Violence Against Women Grants Office (United States of America) 02/01/2002

By

The S-T-O- P (Services Training Officers Prosecutors) Violence Against Women Formula Grants Program, hereinafter referred to as the S-T-O-P Program, promotes a coordinated, multi-disciplinary approach to improving the criminal justice system’s response to violence against women. This approach env [domestic violence, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Satellite and Video Link Evidence in Canada 03/01/1998

By

Canada has limited experience with the use of satellite evidence in court proceedings. Our domestic law does not provide currently for the use of such evidence in a criminal trial. [domestic law, Criminal Code, satellite transmission.,Video Link Evidence, Canada]Security of the Inhabitants, adolescents and criminal law 02/01/2002

By

[juvenile courts]Seminar Proceedings — Family Conferencing and Juvenile Justice: the Way Forward or Misplaced Optimism? 02/01/2002

By

The contributors to this work share a concern about the possible effects of the criminal justice system on juvenile offenders. However, they have different views as to how justice should be administered. They question whether it is possible to punish without stigmatisation and whether the prevention [Contents, Abstracts]Sentencing Female Offenders in the Magistrates’ Court: Preliminary Report on a Pilot Study 02/01/2002

By Bronwyn Naylor

It is now well recognised that personal values affect decision making in the judicial process. It is therefore highly likely that perceptions regarding gender, and genderappropriate behaviour and treatment, are influential in sentencing offenders. The literature reviewed suggests that where the offe [co-accused, co-offender, crime, children, ALRC, other studies]Sentencing Reviews for Juvenile Offenders: The Need for a Judicial Mechanism 02/01/2002

By Margaret Allison and Stephen Armitage

If increased powers are to be granted to courts dealing with young people who have committed offences, effective checks and balances are needed to guard against the inappropriate use of these powers. An administrative review mechanism that performs such a function, similar to the present arrangem [Juvenile offenders, young people, court system, Queensland, judicial mechanism]Some Trends in Officially Recorded Youth Offending: A State-By-State Comparison 02/01/2002

By Joy Wundersitz

In an attempt to investigate this issue, this paper will examine trends in officially recorded youth crime across six Australian jurisdictions, using statistics relating to the total numbers of young people processed by the system, either by way of a police caution, panel hearing or court appeara [juvenile crime, community fears, incidents, young offenders, crime]Specialised Family Violence Courts with Specialised Prosecutors – Winnipeg Family Violence Court, Manitoba (Canada) 02/01/2002

By

Family violence. [family violence, violence against women, domestic violence, child abuse]Specialized Domestic Violence Courts Provide Safety Measures for Victims – Domestic Violence Courts in Ontario (Canada) 12/01/1997

By

The focus on prevention and breaking the cycle of domestic abuse while ensuring that abusers are held accountable for their crimes. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Specialized Felony Domestic Violence Courts: Lessons on Implementation and Impacts from the Kings County Experience 10/01/2001

By Lisa Newmark, Mike Rempel, Kelly Diffily, Kamala Mallik Kane

This evaluation documents key features of Brooklyn’s Felony Domestic Violence Court model. We found that the court seemed to change the types of cases entering it, prosecutors were more likely to indict cases with less severe charges. FDVC victims were more likely to be assigned an advocate, and d [domestic violence, violence against women, courts, recidivism]Specific Legislation Relating to Facilitating Testimony of Victims: Victims of Offences Act, 1987 (New Zealand) 02/01/2002

By

The New Zealand Victims of Offences Act 1987 directs prosecutors, judicial officers, officials and other persons who deal with victims to treat them with courtesy, compassion and respect for their personal dignity and privacy. [Testimony of Victims, New Zealand, ]Stalking: Policing and Prosecuting Practices in Three Australian Jurisdictions 02/01/2002

By Emma Ogilvie

Stalking trends as indicated by police and court data across Victoria, South Australia and Queensland are examined. As legislation and enforcement practices vary significantly across these jurisdictions, direct comparisons are not possible. Ogilvie outlines specific considerations that need to be ta [Stalking, Police, Courts, Law enforcement, violence against women]Standard Minimum Rules for Non-Custodial Measures 02/01/2002

By

The Standard Minimum Rules are basic principles to promote the use of non-custodial measures and establish minimum safeguards for persons subject to alternatives to imprisonment. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Crime and Punishment]Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners 02/01/2002

By

The following rules are to be applied without discrimination on the grounds of race, color, sex, language, religion, political opinions, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. It is necessary, however, to respect religious beliefs of prisoners. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Human Rights, Basic principle, Accommodation, Personal hygiene, Medical services ]Statement by Attorney General Janet Reno on the Meeting of Justice and Interior Ministers of the Eight 12/01/1997

By

Today, we reached agreements that will boost our ability to combat international high-tech and computer-related crime and help us better assist each other in a broad range of law enforcement matters. Officials from our nations have been hard at work at this for the past year. (courtesy of USDOJ) [Cybercrime]Structure of the Supreme Court of Ukraine 04/01/2002

By

[courts]Study of the characteristics and training needs of lay justices of the peace in Central America and Panama 02/01/2002

By

[judges, courts]Surfer Beware II: Notice is Not Enough 04/01/2002

By Electronic Privacy Information Center

In our survey we found that only a handful of new DMA members have privacy policies that satisfy the DMA’s own requirements. (courtesy of www.epic.org) [cybercrime, DMA, Results]THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A PERMANENT INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT 02/01/2002

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The High Commissioner draws attention to the steady rise in frequency and severity of attacks against persons serving in United Nations operations – including those mandated to carry out human rights work – and the necessity therefore of including in the statute crimes against United Nations and ass [policy, international affairs]The Chipping of Goods Initiative, Property Crime Reduction Through The Use Of Electronic Tagging Systems, A Strategic Plan 02/01/2002

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Marking and tracking systems based on electronic data tags can overcome many of the limitations of conventional systems to identify the ownership of personal property. Such systems are expected to assist investigators or police officers in identifying and recovering stolen merchandise, and be a powe [tracking systems, electronic data tags, recovering stolen merchandise, theft]The Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols 02/01/2002

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Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on the work of its first to eleventh sessions. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]The Court System of Ukraine 04/01/2002

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[courts]The Courts, the Judiciary and New Directions: The Limits of Legislative Change 02/01/2002

By Kate Warner

The revival of just deserts philosophy has had an impact on the juvenile justice system. The outcome of recent reviews of juvenile justice has resulted in a shift from rehabilitation and welfare to an emphasis on the offence and deserved punishment. At the same time recognition of the need for a [original reformers, young offenders, rehabilitation, crime]The Criminal Justice System in New Zealand 02/01/2002

By Heather Colby

During this period, in spite of increased expenditure, the provision of 900 more police nationwide; proposals for longer sentences for violent offenders; consultancy reports on possible re-structuring of police and justice; and the setting up of taskforces and commissions to make recommendations [Police, Courts, Community Corrections, Criminal Justice, Departments, Youth justice, law enforcement]The Criminal Process 02/01/2002

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[courts, law enforcement]The Criminal Process in Costa Rica 02/01/2002

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[courts, law enforcement, police]The Criminal Process in El Salvador 02/01/2002

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[courts, law enforcement, police]The Criminal Process in Guatemala 02/01/2002

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[courts, law enforcement]The Criminal Process in Honduras 02/01/2002

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[law enforcement, courts]The Criminal Process in Mexico City 02/01/2002

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[courts, law enforcement]The Criminal Process in Nicaragua 02/01/2002

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[courts, law enforcement, police]The Criminal Process in Panama 02/01/2002

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[courts, law enforcement, police]The Criminal Process in San Luis Potosi, Mexico 02/01/2002

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[courts, law]The Criminal Process in Sinaloa, Mexico 02/01/2002

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[courts, law]The Criminal Process in Veracruz, Mexico 02/01/2002

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[courts, law]The Dooligar Justice Centre: Post-Royal Commission Response to Aboriginal Correctional Issues 02/01/2002

By Reg Blow

The Dooligar Justice Centre proposal gives the Office of Corrections an operational framework through which it can develop responses in conjunction with Aboriginal people working within the criminal justice system, to address the needs of Aboriginal offenders and prisoners. Importantly, the Dooli [adult offenders, courts, prisoners, offenders, community, Aboriginal]The Effectiveness of Legal Protection in the Prevention of Domestic Violence in the Lives of Young Australian Women 03/01/2000

By Margrette Young, Julie Byles and Annette Dobson

A national study of young women who experience physical violence by a partner is reported in this paper. The authors examine the effectiveness of legal protection in preventing repeated violence and compare outcomes after legal intervention from the police or the courts, or both. The results indicat [young women, physical violence, police, courts, domestic violence, violence against women, law enforcement]The Efficacy of Civil Penalty Sanctions Under the Australian Corporations Law 02/01/2002

By Carlos Carcach, Anna Grant and Rowena Conroy

A report by Carlos Carcach, Anna Grant and Rowena Conroy for the Australian Institute of Criminology about The Efficacy of Civil Penalty Sanctions Under the Australian Corporations Law. [police, courts, incarceration, Aboriginal deaths, custody, law enforcement]The Evolution of Impaired Driver Law – Victoria 12/01/1999

By Martin Boorman

This paper explores the evolution of the law in Victoria to combat the recognised threat to public safety by persons driving motor vehicles while impaired by alcohol and other drugs. “Any driver of a motor car or motor cycle proved to have been under the influence of intoxicating liquor whi [legal rights, courts, law,]The Fourth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1986 – 1990) 02/01/2002

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The primary goal of the Fourth United Nations Survey is to increase knowledge regarding the incidence of reported crime and the structure of criminal justice systems as a basis for improving the international exchange of information. The survey covers the years 1986-1990 and is a valuable source for [policy, crime patterns]The Hashemite Kingdoom of Jordan, General Intelligence Department, Anti-Corruption Department 02/01/2002

By Anti-Corruption Department

As a result of its limited experience : the department is trying seriouslv to improve its conduct in fighting corruption . conseqiently , the department is seeking every possible apportunity to create ch’annles of contact and cooperation with local and international agancies . (courtesy of st [corruption, anti-corruption, Near east, intelligence, Jordan]The International Criminal Court background paper 07/01/1998

By Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs

This article is about after the Diplomatic Conference in Rome which concluded the Statute for the International Criminal Court (ICC), the developments leading up to the establishment of the Court and its significance. [international criminal court]The International Criminal Court: Making the Right Choices – Part III. Ensuring Effective State Cooperation 02/01/2002

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This is the Amnesty International Library containing Archives and News reports that are easily accessible by choosing from the pull-down boxes, according to COUNTRIES, REGIONS, SUB REGIONS, or THEMES. [Amnesty International, Archives, News Reports]The Justice Whanau Hapu Advisory Committee 02/01/2002

By Rob Brangwin

The impression gained by any observer with a knowledge of local population statistics looking in at the Hastings Courthouse, the Community Corrections Office, or the local prison would be that Maori are grossly over-represented. This impression is supported by the statistical evidence. ( excerpte [Maori, Probation Office, ethnic, cultural, offender, “partnership”, “Partnership Perspectives”]The Management of Public Sector Records in Developing Countries 02/01/2002

By Dr G Shabbir Cheema

The Management of Public Sector Records (MPSR) Project was initiated from a recognition that developing countries are on the brink of large-scale computerization of their record systems, but that the paper record systems on which this automation is based are often inaccessible, crippled or collapsed [court technology]The North West Court Circuit (Pitjantjatjara Lands): A Personal Perspective 02/01/2002

By Garry Hiskey

On the suggestion of the Pitjantjatjara Legal Service whom I have consulted concerning this paper, this paper has been kept as anonymous as possible. Communities are not identified by name except in a geographical descriptive context. No individuals are named. I do not seek to hide from the reali [Pitjantjatjara Lands, Court Circuit, Travel, Work Load, Non-attendance, Offences]The Practical Experience of the United Kingdom in the Use of Means to Hear at a Distance in Criminal Proceedings 03/01/1998

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It is well established in the United Kingdom, and elsewhere, that oral witness evidence in criminal proceedings is of more benefit than evidence admitted into a trial via transcript. However, there will be times when it is not possible for a witness to be in court. [CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS, United Kingdom , Serious Fraud Office, Criminal Justice]The Regulatory Landscape: Overview of The Impacts of Regulatory Agency Practices on Critical Infrastructure Protection 04/01/2002

By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

The purpose of this study is to provide an understanding of the relationship between protection of critical infrastructure and the regulatory environment in which the infrastructure operates. This understanding will allow policy makers to target key areas in the search for solutions to the proble [Cybercrime, terrorism, Scope, Regulatory Landscape, Market Power, Safety, Emergency Authority]The Role of National Integrity System in Fighting Corruption 02/01/2002

By Petter Langseth, Rick Strapenhurst, Jeremy Pope

This paper does not suggest that there are any easy solutions or models that can be applied in the fight against corruption; nor does it suggest that any country has yet designed an ideal model, or indeed, that such an ideal model exists. What this paper does argue is that while each country or r [corruption, policy, role of government, law]The Second and Third United Nations Surveys of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1975 – 1986) 02/01/2002

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There are many shortcomings and difficulties in using international criminal justice data sets. Please read the codebook in order to avoid making serious mistakes. The codebook describes how to use the files and how the data sets are structured. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [International Affairs]The Sixth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1995 – 1997) 02/01/2002

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This Survey questionnaire* consists of a series of questions that ask for data, primarily statistical, on the main components of the criminal justice system, for the years 1995 to 1997. The following paragraphs include the instructions given to Government respondents. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [International Affairs]The Victim’s Perspective 02/01/2002

By Heather Strang and Lawrence W Sherman

The introduction by Canberra’s police of a radical alternative to traditional court processing, called Diversionary Conferencing in the ACT, gives victims an opportunity to redress the shortcomings of the justice system from their point of view. It provides them with a forum to explain directly all [Victims, Criminal justice, exploited, Psychological, traditional, court]The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Brazil 06/01/2003

By Pedro Scuro

This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002. [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Costa Rica 06/01/2003

By Jose Maria Rico

This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002. [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Mexico 06/01/2003

By Ernesto Lopez Portillo, Carlos Becerril Torres

This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002. [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Republic of Colombia 06/01/2003

By Rafael Campo Vasquez, Rosa Margarita Vargas de Roa, Rene Montenegro Ortiz, Francisco Abondano Vidales, Pilar Gamboa

This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002. [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Venezuela 06/01/2003

By Christopher Birkbeck

This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002 [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]The role of the NSW Land and Environment Court in Environmental Crime 02/01/2002

By Paul Stein

An Article by Paul Stein for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Environmental Crime and the role the NSW Land and Environment Court plays in factoring in instances of Environmental crime. [Environment, pollution, protection, control, offences, NSW]The special jurisdiction of minors in Panama 02/01/2002

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[juvenile court, juvenile crime]The standing of the judge in Costa Rica 02/01/2002

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[judges, courts]Towards a Just Conclusion: Vulnerable and Intimidated Witnesses in Scottish Criminal and Civil Cases 11/01/1998

By The Scottish Office

This consultative document describes the help given to vulnerable and intimidated witnesses in Scotland and proposes what might be done. [Scottish Court, Responsibilities,Witnesses]Tribunal Watch List Listserv Archives 02/01/2002

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[judges, courts]U.S. – Ukraine Partnerships 02/01/2002

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These are chart and lists of a US – Ukraine partnership. This include topics including:Program Partnership, Inter governmental coordinating council, internation expert working group, Ukranian information network, and other related topics. [U.S. – Ukraine, supreme court, law academy,]U.S. Chronology of Nuclear Smuggling Incidents, 1993-1996 02/01/2002

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The following Chronology of Nuclear Smuggling Incidents was an appendix to the March 20 testimony by Director of Central Intelligence John Deutch before the Senate Permanent Investigations Subcommittee on global proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and illicit trafficking of nuclear material [Drugs and Crime]UNCHR Notes on the Migrants and Persons Protocols (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

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Note by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the United Nations Children’s Fund and the International Organization for Migration on the draft protocols concerning migrant smuggling and trafficking in persons. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime, human trafficking]Ukrainian Code of Administrative Procedure 04/01/2002

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[courts, case processing]Use and Application of the Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners 03/01/1996

By Secretary-General

The Economic and Social Council, in its resolution 1993/34, section III, requested the Secretary-General to commence a process of information-gathering to be undertaken by means of surveys, initially paying attention to, inter alia, the Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners.[Note1] I [Prisons, Hygeine, Bedding, Food, Inspection, Medical services]Victim Impact Statement Forms: The Ministry of Attorney General British Columbia 02/01/2002

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Statements to ensure all victims in court cases are given the opportunity to complete a VIS and to address the timing of disclosure of completed VISs to defence counsel. [Victims of Crime]Victim Impact Statements in South Australia 02/01/2002

By EDNA EREZ, LEIGH ROEGER & MICHAEL O CONNELL

A report by Edna Erez, Leigh Roeger and Michael O” Connell for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Victim impact statements in South Australia. [VIS, court, physical harm, mental harm, victim]Victim-Offender Mediation Program (VOMP) 02/01/2002

By Evi Kadar

Increasingly, there is acknowledgment that the formal criminal justice system, centred around the court process, has not been effective in the rehabilitation of juvenile offenders, and in fact has a stigmatising and negative effect on young offenders who become involved in it. Subsequently, there [criminal justice system, court, juvenile offenders, victims, VOMP]Victims of Crime in the Balkan Region 02/01/2002

By Ugljesa Zvekic, Boyan Stankov, Vasilika Hysi, Demir Majko, Anna Alvazzi del Frate, Violeta Caceva, Rodica Mihaela Stanoiu, Horia Mihail Vasilescu, Vesna Nikolic Ristanovic

The advent of 1989 in the former socialist states of Eastern and Central Europe generated a process of political, economic and social change oriented towards the promotion of market economy, pluralistic democracy and transparency and accountability in public management. This is not only a matter of [victims of crime]Video Conferencing Profile for Germany 01/01/1999

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Where there are no specific international agreements, the Federal Republic of Germany can execute mutual assistance requested by a competent agency of a foreign state if the conditions have been fulfilled under which German courts or authorities can render each other mutual assistance in relevant [Video Conferencing Profile, technical equipping, criminal proceedings]Video Recording of Evidence: the ”I CARE Project” 02/01/2002

By John Heslop

This paper refers to a victim, a child, giving evidence on closed circuit television which is then shown on a court television monitor in a courtroom. This paper will describe the I CARE project and the place video technology plays in that project. [evidence, videotape, video technology, I CARE project]Wagga Wagga Juvenile Cautioning Program: 02/01/2002

By Terry O’Connell

There is strong evidence of a reduction in reported juvenile crime in Wagga Wagga. In fact, general crime rates during the period of the Wagga Wagga experiment have fallen (see Appendix A). One could not assert that the juvenile cautioning program was the cause of this fall. To reach such a concl [offender’s, crime, victim, juvenile, juvenile justice]When gender is made an issue, changes are brought about: methodology for the analysis of gender in the legal phenomenon 02/01/2002

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[courts, female offenders]Women, Social Security and Criminal Justice 02/01/2002

By Fiona McDonald

The two particular pieces of legislation to be discussed in this paper are the changes to the sole parent’s pension to redefine ‘married person’ and ‘defacto spouse’ and the changes to the unemployment benefit. (excerpted from the Author) [Australia, poverty, victims, Defacto Spouse, Tribunals, courts, Unemployment Benefit]