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Rule of Law Seminar in Nicaragua 04/01/2002

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A Table of COntents for the Rule of Law Seminar in Nicaragua. [Liberals, Organizations, Politics, Government]The Doctrine of Dualism of Private Law in the Context of Recent Codifications of the Civil Law: Ukrainian Perspectives 04/01/2002

By ALEXANDER BIRYUKOV

This article gives an overview of some of the problems in the sphere of revision of private law in Ukraine to assure the transformation of its economy from planned principles to a free market economy. The article discusses the main scholarly debates on the codification of private law in Ukraine. [Law, Doctrine, Dualism]Short Report on Trafficking in Women from Ukraine Research Project 08/01/2001

By Donna M. Hughes

The goal of this joint research project on trafficking in women was to characterize the victims and trafficking networks operating in Ukraine. This research was carried out in full cooperation with Tatyana Denisova, Zaporozhye State University. [sexual exploitation , trafficking, unemployment, Violence Against Women]TRADE IN WOMEN AND CHILDREN WITH THE PURPOSE OF THEIR SEXUAL EXPLOITATION AND INVOLVEMENT IN PORNOBUSINESS: RESEARCH IN UKRAINE 05/01/2002

By Denisova T.A.,

Trade in human beings is one of the most rapidly increasing criminal businesses. The volume of the trade in women and children as commodities for the sex industry and porno-business is estimated to be 7 to 12 billions US dollars a year. [human trafficking, transnational organized crime, sex industry, violence against women, juvenile victims]Anticipating and Combating Ukrainian Organized Crime 05/01/2002

By Dr. Phil Williams and John T. Picarelli

The research program set out (1) to identify the types and severity of transnational organized crime present within Ukraine; (2) to delineate the response of the Ukrainian government and others to domestic and transnational crime operating in the country; and (3) to develop a set of recommendations [organized crime , Empirical Findings, Discoveries, Responses]Estimating the Flow of Illegal Drugs Through Ukraine 09/01/2001

By Mary Layne

Ukraine has become a significant conduit for Southwest Asian heroin bound for European markets. [Illegal Drugs, crime and violence, anti-drug training programs]The Prediction and Control of Organized Crime: A Risk Assessment Instrument for Targeting Law Enforcement Efforts 05/01/2002

By Jay S. Albanese

The search to explain and anticipate organized crime has become urgent in recent years with the ease of international travel and trade, the globalization of communications via the Internet, and the emergence of many new democracies in Eastern Europe and around the world that are struggling to establ [Opportunity Factors, Organized Crime, Criminal Environment, Harm]Chairman’s Statement 06/01/1995

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In this 50th anniversary of the end of the 2nd World War the birth of the United Nations we discussed in a spirit of cooperation political issues of Global Importance. [Multilateral agreement, United Nations, Chairman statement,]Response by the Government of Japan to the Chairperson’s report 11/01/1995

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Japan thinks it is important to establish a good working relationship among the enforcemnt authorities in each crime category. And then it lists the crime categories and describes them. [Enforcement, legal institutional issues, contact point communication, Chairperson’s report]Questionnaire Concerning Domestic Legislation Targeting Organized Crime Groups and Their Activities 10/01/1995

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It is a list of questions Concerning Domestic Legislation Targeting Organized Crime Groups and Their Activities. [Criminal orginization, organized crime groups, convict & punish, money laundering ]Directory of Delegates 11/01/1995

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This is a Directory of delagates Second meeting of P-8 Senior Experts Group on Transnational Organized Crime. It lists the name adress and phone number. [Organized Crime, Delegates]Directory of Delegates 11/01/1995

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This is a directory of delagates it lists names, adresses and phone numbers. [Organized crimes, Delegates]Enforcement Subgroup Agenda, November 1995 11/01/1995

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This is a agenda list for the enforcment subgroup [Enforcement, proposal]Enforcement Subgroup Chairman’s Report, November 1995 11/01/1995

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This is the report of the second meeting of Enforcement Subgroup Chairman’s summary of progress. The subjects that were discussed were communications, inteligence exchange, evidence prosecution,corruption, immigration and firearms. [enforcement, communications, inteligence exchange, evidence prosecution,corruption]Legal/Institutional Subgroup Chairman’s Report, November 1995 11/01/1995

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The subgroup on Legal/Institutional issues met and organized its work in three phases based on the statement of the chairman of the Halifax g-7 meeting. [Internatioanl enforcement, organized crime, crime prevention, legal assistance]Discussion Paper for the Enforcement Subgroup 11/01/1995

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This is a Discussion Paper for the Enforcement Subgroup that talks about contact points, what work is underway, recomended work, what works well and what causes problems. [Law enforcement, Natioanl Criminal inteligence service, ]Comments by the Government of Japan on the Chairman’s Report of the Legal/Institutional Subgroup 11/01/1995

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This is about the concerns of each p-8 member on the international arrangements. To fulfil the mandate entrusteb by the Halifax p-8 meeting and to concentrate on crucial gaps which seriously hamper international cooperation to combat organized crime. [extradation arrangements, human rights, ]Recommendations of the Council on International Organized Crime 11/01/1995

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This is a Recommendations of the Council on International Organized Crime. It talks about how the confirming the usefulness of concentration between competent services at these various levels as the examination of the issues proceed. [organized crime, criminal activity , technicsl examination]Draft of the 40 Recommendations, February 1996 02/01/1996

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This is the draft cantaining all modifications done during the working sessions on February the 7 & 8 by bothe sub-commissions [Law enforcement, enforcement group, legal assistance, Italian proposal]Responses to Questionnaire Concerning Domestic Legislation Targeting Organized Crime Groups and Their Activities 02/01/1996

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These are the responses to Questionnaire Concerning Domestic Legislation Targeting Organized Crime Groups and Their Activities. [Organized crime, legal provisions , ]April 1996 Meeting Agenda 04/01/1996

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Thsi is a meeting agenda for the paris meeting. [Delegations, plenary session, sub-group, ]Draft of 40 Recommendations Prior to April 1996 Meeting 04/01/1996

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This is 40 recomendations of legal assistance. [legal assistance, mutual assistance, central authority]Chairman’s Statement: Fight Against Transnational Organized Crime 04/01/1996

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This is about senior experts reviewing existing international agreements, arrangements and practisec to counter transitional organized crime to identify gaps and to make recommendations to fill such gaps. [organized crime, United Nations, social & political systems,, transnational organized crime]Inventory of Main International Conventions Dealing with Transnational Crime 04/01/1996

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This is about the international community that has endeveared to organize the fight against crime in its different forms. [Money forging, forced labor, criminal matters, organized crime]Senior Experts Group 40 Recommendations 04/01/1996

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This report is about combating transitional organized crime efficiently and to give recomendations on how to do this. [Criminal offenses, law enforcement, mutual assistance, ]Inventory of International Oraganizations Dealing with Transnational Crime 04/01/1996

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This is about the various manifistations of transitional organized crime and the different methods for fighting it are reflected in the international institutional system. [Organized crime, United Nations, criminal justice, international crime,]Project-Based Action Against Transnational Organized Crime: Practical Guidance 02/01/1996

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This is about the key tasks for the law enforcements response are to understand the pattern of activity and to attack the group at it’s weakest points. [organized criminals, law enforcement, motivation, , transnational organized crime]Comments by the Government of Japan on the Options Shown at the Second Meeting 01/01/1996

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This is about how Japan decided to submit comments to facilitate discussions at the third meeting in additions to the comments on Computer Crime. [Cybercrime, Computer crime, law enforcement, traffic & narcotic drugs, Japan]Comments by the Government of Japan on the 02/01/1996

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Jaban would submit possible ammendments just on the recomendations attached to both inventories considering that the p-8 should focus on the part and reach common ideas. [organized crime, summit meeting, mutual assistance, Japan]Comments on Inventories on Criminal Conventions and International Institutions 02/01/1996

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These are some ideas for amendments and comments on the two inventories of on criminal conventions and international insitiutions. [International conventions, hijacking, mutual assistance, criminal assistance, ]International Cooperation Against Transnational Organized Crime 02/01/1996

By Australia

This has a consideration of all our PS colleagues, a paper prepared by the Australian government “International Cooperation Against Transnational Organized Crime”. [Organized Crime, Human rights, Transnational Organized Crime]Inventory of Main International Conventions Dealing with Transnational Organized Crime: Introduction 01/01/1997

By P8 Senior Experts Group on Transnational Organized Crime

This is the organized crime introduction summary forms if criminality. [slavery convention, counterfeiting currency, illicit import, narcotic drugs,, transnational organized crime]Inventory of Main International Conventions Dealing with Transnational Organized Crime: Slavery Convention 01/01/1997

By P8 Senior Experts Group on Transnational Organized Crime

The main international conventions dealing with transnational organised crime – slavery convention. [transnational organized crime, human trafficking, slavery]International Convention for the Suppression of Counterfeiting Currency 01/01/1997

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This is the International Conventions for the Suppression talks of Counterfeiting Currency. [paper currency, legal tender, ]International Forced Labour Convention 01/01/1997

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This is the definition of forced labour at the International Forced Labour Convention. [Forced Labour , human labour, convention]Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and the Explotation of the Prostitution of Others 01/01/1997

By United Nations

This is about the suppresion of the traffic in persons and the Explotation of the prostitution. The convention is concerned in general with the explotation of the prostitution of others, even if they are they consenting. [Suppresion, prostitution, explotation, ]Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property 01/01/1997

By United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

This Convention did not prove as successful as hoped. 4 of the G7-P8 States are not parties (France, Germany, Japan, United Kingdom). A major obstacle facing the Convention might be the problem of the restitution of cultural goods, which could have serious consequences in countries wit major museum [restitution of cultural goods, property relating, historical monuments, ethnological interest]Single Convention on Narcotics 01/01/1997

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The aim of this convention is to consolidate most of the earlier international instruments in this area, explicitly abrogating them. [therapeutic utilization, penal offenses, judicial, regulated substances.]Convention on Psychotropic Substances 01/01/1997

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This was a review of the convention Noting with concern the public health and social problems resulting from the abuse of certain psychotropic substances. [drugs, crime]International Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance and Repression of Customs Offences 01/01/1997

By International Convention on Mutual Adminsitrative Assistance

This convention is about Annex 10 deals with the smuggling of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. The Annex is designated to complement the various UN Conventions on drug trafficking. [narcotic drugs, narcotic trafficking, drug smuggling, Customs Authorities,]United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances 01/01/1997

By United Nations

This is the convention on Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances. Its about Criminal prosecution of all forms of acts of trafficking and of laundering of the proceeds of traffic in narcotic drugs. [Criminal prosecution, trafficking, criminal organizations, narcotic drugs]European Convention on Extradition 01/01/1997

By Council of Europe

The purpose of this convention is to hand over persons having committed a crime or under sentence entailing the deprivation of liberty, or who have been placed under a security measure and are being sought by the judicial authorities. [European Convention , political crimes, judicial authorities, limiting grounds]European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters 02/03/2002

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[International cooperation]Convention on the International Validity of Penal Judgements 01/01/1997

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This is about Enforcement of a sentence in a State other than the one on whose territory the sentence was pronounced (a highly sophisticated system from legal point of view). [Enforcement, Penal Judgements, International Validity ]Convention on the Transmission of Proceedings in Criminal Matters 01/01/1997

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The Relinquishment by a State of its power to prosecute penal offences within its jurisdiction in favor of the jurisdiction of another State. [penal offences , Criminal Matters, jurisdiction, ]Inter-American Convention on Extradition 01/01/1997

By Organization of American States

Contains a number of general provisions on extradition. Includes conduct based test for extraditable offence, no list. Contains standard grounds of refusal. [extradition, common law, civil law, jurisdiction, ]Convention on Laundering, Search Seizure and Confiscation of the Proceeds from Crime 01/01/1997

By Council of Europe

The convention calls upon States to adopt a broad definition of the crime of laundering of illicit capital, both in the actual commission and in the intention. [Search Seizure , Laundering, criminal activity, confiscation measure, transnational organized crime]Inter-American Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters 01/01/1997

By Organization of American States

While not restricted to organized transnational crime, the convention is broad enough to be used in the investigation and prosecution of all serious offences. Designed to bridge the differences between common law and civil law systems. [Mutual assistance, criminal matters, domestic law, Central authority]Forty Recommendations of the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering 01/01/1997

By Financial Action Task Force

The Task Force has identified the following points on which recommendations could be modified, spelled out in greater detail, or supplemented:- extension of the predicate offense to other serious offenses than drug crimes; – expanding the financial recommendations to cover non-financial business; [transnational organized crime, money laundering]Scheme for the Rendition of Fugitive Offenders Within the Commonwealth 01/01/1997

By P8 Senior Experts Group on Transnational Organized Crime

The Scheme provides detailed provisions to govern mutual rendition (extradition) of a fugitive from one member of the Commonwealth to another member, without the need for a formal treaty. [fugitive offenders, mutual rendition, statutory provisions, optional provisions]Scheme Relating to Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Within the Commonwealth 01/01/1997

By P8 Senior Experts Group on Transnational Organized Crime

The Scheme provides detailed provisions to govern mutual assistance from one member to the Commonwealth to another member, without the need for a formal treaty. [mutual assistance, seizure of proceeds of crime, examining witnesses;]High-Tech Crime Subgroup Report 01/01/1997

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This is a report of high tech crime subggroup it began a discussion of its 1998 schedule and plan for implementation of the Action Plan adopted in the Ministers’ Communique. [seizure of electronic evidence, computer forensics, High-tech Crime, cybercrime]Speech by Senator John Kerry 10/01/1997

By John Kerry

This is a speech by John kerry and it is about how Everyone of us faces our own domestic problems. But transnational threats demand novel responses, because our own individual national strategies are inherently inadequate for responding to challenges that cross multiple borders and involve multip [international crime,,national threats. high-tech crime, drug cartels]Proposal for a Discussion of Illicit Drugs 10/01/1997

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The Denver Summit in June 1997 reaffirmed the importance of illicit drugs as a global issue and asked the appropriate government agencies to build on existing cooperation to address the threat. [ILLICIT DRUGS, trafficking, drug-free economies, law enforcement, drug trafficking]Draft of Proposed Language for Ministerial Communique 10/01/1997

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This propaosal is designed to ensure that we cooperate as effectively as possible in bringing international fugitives to justice and gathering evidence of international crimes. [justice, legal cooperation, serious crimes, dual criminality]Report of the Extradition and Mutual Assistance Subgroup to the High-Tech Crime Subgroup 10/01/1997

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This is a report TO THE HIGH-TECH CRIME SUBGROUP. The Subgroup on ‘Mutual Legal Assistance and Extradition’, having examined the issue of high-tech crimes as related to its own field of activity, [cybercrime, Legal Assistance, dual criminality, High-Tech Crimes, illegal]Checklist of Potential Goals for the Extradition and Mutual Assistance Subgroup, June 1997-May 1998 10/01/1997

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The Subgroup on High-Tech Crime is currently exploring several solutions to problems associated wit investigating and prosecuting computer criminals. Some of these solutions involve international legal assistance, and their development will require the participation of appropriate legal assistanc [High-Tech Crime, computer criminals, cybercrime]Preparatory Document for Boston Meeting of the Law Enforcement Subgroup 10/01/1997

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The UK papers comprise a general statement of national priorities and a specific project proposal for a study of Colombian criminal organisations. [Criminal Intelligence, cocaine trafficking, organized crime, drug trafficking]Law Enforcement Subgroup Report 10/01/1997

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The sub group agreed that the tasks for this meeting were to: – discuss specific project proposals – review projects already underway – conduct a general review of future possibilities [German delegation, Organized Smuggling, Credit Card Fraud, Colombian Organizations, transnational organized crime, trafficking]Project-Based Proposals on West African Crime 10/01/1997

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This is about to explore the use of enhanced identification procedures at points of visa application; and to explore the feasibility of the description of telephone numbers used by West African criminals to perpetrate fraud and other criminal activity. [intelligence exchange, criminal activity., West African Crime]West African Organized Crime: Information and Intelligence Exchange Procedures 10/01/1997

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This paper suggests ways of exchanging information and intelligence in respect of WAOC both within and between countries. [transnational ORGANIzED CRIME, African Organized Crime, law enforcement, criminals]Project-Based Proposals on Euro-Asian Crime 10/01/1997

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Eight efforts to deal more effectively with the mounting challenge of Eur-Asian crime activity. [criminal intelligence, arrest and prosecution, criminal activity, Euro-Asian Crime]Emerging Law Enforcement Issues: Telemarketing Fraud 10/01/1997

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While many forms of telemarketing are legitimate and facilitate commercial relationships between and among countries, the telephone, alone or in combination with other communications media (mail/courier service, television, print media and the Internet), facilitates a pervasive and problematic fo [telemarketing fraud, potential victims, law enforcement, investment schemes;]Emerging Law Enforcement Issues: Stolen Art and Cultural Property 02/01/2002

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The theft and smuggling of stolen art and cultural property has a long history with many nations. In recent years, most countries have enacted export controls on a broad range of cultural property. [illegal export, law enforcement, art treasures stolen]Proposed Ministerial Language on Firearms Trafficking 10/01/1997

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This is about the valuable contributions of work done in other fora, in combating illicit international trafficking in firearms by organized criminal or other organizations, our Heads of State and Governments at the Denver Summit mandated that the Lyon Group consider a new instrument to combat inte [international trafficking, organized criminal, licensing of firearms., ]Questionnaire to Respond to Item 41 of the Denver Communique 10/01/1997

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This is a questionnaire samoe of questions include Should there be an international instrument to combat illicit trafficking in firearms? And other questions. [illicit trafficking, firearms tracing, jurisdiction]Draft Inter-American Convention Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials 10/01/1997

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AWARE of the urgent need to prevent, combat, and eradicate the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials, due to the harmful effects of these activities on the security of each state and the region as a whole, endangering the well-be [firearms, ammunition, explosives, trafficking, ]Border Control Projects 10/01/1997

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Pursuant to the June 22, 1997, Denver Communiqué, the establishment of Border Control Projects to enhance international law enforcement cooperation and coordination relevant to transnational crimes. [law enforcement, Immigration, Smuggled contraband and persons, alien smuggling,]Draft International Convention Against the Smuggling of Illegal Migrants 10/01/1997

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The smuggling of illegal migrants, a particularly heinous form of transnational exploitation of individuals in distress, has considerably increased in recent times and poses a growing threat to the international community as a whole. [human trafficking, illegal migrants, smuggling]Contribution of the Subgroup to the Draft Statement of Ministers 02/01/2002

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New computer and telecommunications technologies offer unprecedented opportunities for global communication. But as nations become increasingly reliant upon these technologies, including wireless communications, high-tech criminals pose an ever-greater threat to public safety. This threat takes a [organized crime, high-tech criminals, terrorists, global networks.]Emerging Trend: Internet Gaming 10/01/1997

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In recent years, legalized gambling has grown at an explosive rate worldwide. In 1994, for instance, lottery tickets worth approximately US$ 34 billion were sold in the US, while the American legal gambling industry as a whole had over US$ 500 billion in gross income. [legalized gambling, Internet, Legal Issues, Interactive Gaming]Lyon Group Crime Directory 04/01/1997

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This is the Lyon Group Crime Directory. This is the list of crime groups that show the directory addresses and different areas of the country. [ALIEN SMUGGLING, MONEY LAUNDERING, ASSET FORFEITURE, TRAFFICKING IN FIREARMS/EXPLOSIVES]High-Tech Crime Subgroup Report 07/01/1997

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The work of this Subgroup has focused on enhancing the abilities of countries to effectively investigate and prosecute high-tech and computer-related crimes. [Organized Crime, computer-related crimes., High-tech Crime, Trap and Trace., ]P-8 Experts Group on Transnational Organized Crime, Project Based Action: What Next? 01/01/1997

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In endorsing recommendation 28 the Lyon Summit gave its approval to the practical guidance on project-based action which the Group had developed. [transnational organized crime]Firearms Law in Great Britain 01/01/1997

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Firearms controls in Great Britain are among the strictest in Europe and indeed the world. Even before the very serious incident at Hungerford, Berkshire, in August 1987 to which the events in Dunblane have inevitably been compared, a rigorous licensing regime had been in place for many years. [Firearms Law , police firearm, firearms dealers,, law enforcement]High-tech& Computer Crime in the United Kingdom/Specific Computer & Computer Network Offences in Force in England & Wales 01/01/1997

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The story is about SPECIFIC COMPUTER AND NETWORK OFFENCES IN FORCE IN ENGLAND AND WALES. [Cybercrime, Computer Misuse, hackers, Breaches of Confidentiality, Illegal Material]United Kingdom Action on the 40 Recommendations 04/01/1997

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This gives 40 recomendations of the United Kingdom Action. [United Kingdom , Mutual Assistance, Legal Assistance, Central Authority]Firearms Subgroup: Interim Report Recommendations 04/01/1997

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In regarding the recommendations of the P8 Law Enforcement Conference on Illicit Traffic in Firearms the United Kingdom endorses the six recommendations and proposes to progress. [firearms, Criminal Justice, Crime prevention, Criminal Intelligence, law enforcement]Progress Report on Japanese Implementation of P-8 Senior Experts Group 40 Recommendations 04/01/1997

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The ?Forty Recommendations? on transnational organized crime, adopted at the LyonThe ?Forty Recommendations? on transnational organized crime, adopted at the LyonThe ?Forty Recommendations? on transnational organized crime, adopted at the LyonThe ?Forty Recommendations? on transnational organized cr [organized crime, human trafficking]Task Force Justice and Home Affairs: European Union — Selected Instruments Taken from the Treaties (93) Book I 01/01/1997

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These are some of the selected instruments from the treaties, assylum policy, rules governing the crossing by persons of the external borders of the Member States and the exercise of controls thereon. [asylum policy:, external borders, immigration policy, combating fraud]Implementation of the 40 Recommendations at the Level of the European Union and its Member States 04/01/1997

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As well as constituting a commitment to cooperate among the P8 countries themselves, three quarters of the 40 recommendations adopted in Lyons in June 1996 take the form of recommendations addressed to “all states” or “states” to adopt certain measures and practices which will constitute activiti [jurisdiction, law enforcement, Organised Crime, legal assistance, dual criminality.]Action Plan to Combat Organized Crime 10/01/1997

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Organized crime is increasingly becoming a threat to society as we know it. Criminal behavior is no longer is the domain for individual only, but also of organizations that prevade the various styuctures of civil society. [criminal behavior, security and justice,Treaty,civil society,]Comparison Between P8 40 Recommendations and EU Action Plan 02/01/2002

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They, therefore, called for a study on high-tech crime, covering both illegal practices and illegal content, the preliminary findings of which should be available by the end of the year and might already provide a basis for some steps towards a consistent and realistic policy to prevent fraud and [high-tech crime, illegal practices, money laundering, corruption,]Drugs and International Crime 03/01/1998

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Globalisation has been accompanied by a dramatic increase in transnational crime. This takes many forms, including trafficking in drugs and weapons; smuggling of human beings; the abuse of new technologies to steal, defraud and evade the law: and the laundering of the proceeds of crime. [drugs and weapons, smuggling of human beings, drugs and societies]Virtual Ministerial Meeting on Organized Crime and Terrorist Funding 12/01/1998

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Justice encountered the Twenty-first Century today as the G8 Ministers responsible for law enforcement “met” today in nine different locations world-wide to discuss their efforts to combat transnational organised crime and terrorist funding. [TERRORIST FUNDING, Organized Crime , High-tech crime, terrorism]UN Crime Convention: Potential Points of Agreement at G8 01/01/1998

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This is the UN CRIME CONVENTION:POTENTIAL POINTS OF AGREEMENT AT G8 ex: Accept the usefulness of a worthwhile UN Convention in order to add value to the existing international regime. Recognise that a definition of organised or serious crime will be difficult to achieve andwould therefore unhelpful. [organised or serious crime, judicial cooperation,, alien smuggling,stolen vehicles]The G8 and Transnational Organized Crime: Priorities for Birmingham 01/01/1998

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This is about the The G8 and Transnational Organized Crime: Priorities for Birmingham. It gives you a list of the principal accomplishments of g-8. [global integration., illegal firearm trafficking,, high-tech crimes, transnational organized crime]Chairman’s Report on London Meeting 01/01/1998

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Thsi is a review of the Chairman’s Report on London Meeting it was about the agrement that Sous Sherpas and Sherpas will shape the crime package for Birmingham, not least to ensure the integration of those elements that fall outside the remit of the Lyon Group (including wider drugs issues, aspects [crime package, drugs issues,, financial crime, environmental crime]Conclusions of the Extradition and Mutual Legal Assistance Sub-Group 01/01/1998

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One of the conclusion from this report was that The Group also agreed that the UN Crime Convention should contain a strong provision relating to asset confiscation. [Mutual Legal Assistance , asset confiscation, Crime Convention, seizing and confiscating]Law Enforcement Subgroup Summary and Agenda 01/01/1998

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This is a summary and agenda for the Law enforcement subroup. A few examples of the summary of this meeting was:Credit Card Fraud project,Organised Smuggling of Iraqi Nationals project, Colombian Organised Crime project and Trafficking in Stolen Vehicles project, to name a few. [LAW ENFORCEMENT, Organised Smuggling, Organised Crime, Stolen Vehicles project]National Legislation on International Trafficking in Child Pornography, 1996 01/01/1998

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Good laws provide a basis for protection to children from sexual exploitation through child pornography. This paper reports on the current state of child pornography laws in countries around the world. Knowledge of these laws will help the international community develop a plan of action that will r [pornography laws, Methodology, Chart, Maps, and Country Notes, Europe]West African Crime 01/01/1998

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The proposed goal for 1998 is to continue the relentless pursuit in identifying the organized Nigerian criminal groups perpetrating fraud domestically as well as internationally. [intense prosecution, criminal network, Organized Criminal, fraudulent activity]Transnational Organized Access Device Fraud 01/01/1998

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The proposed goal for 1998 is to identify organized criminal groups participating in credit card fraud domestically and internationally. [organized criminal groups , illicit activity, credit card fraud, public education,]Counterfeit and Fictitious Financial Instruments 01/01/1998

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The proposed goal is to identify those individuals involved in the manufacturing, distribution, and negotiation of counterfeit and fictitious instruments on an international basis. [fraudulent financial instruments, law enforcement, manufacturing, possessing, and/or distributing]Law Enforcement Subgroup: Summary and Action Agreed at the London Meeting 01/01/1998

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This is the Law Enforcement Subgroup: Summary and Action Agreed report. Some of things covered were: credit card fraud project, Organised Smuggling of Iraqi Nationals project, Trafficking in Stolen Vehicles project and Smuggling of Asian People and the Link with Underground Banking. [Credit Card Fraud, Organised Smuggling, Stolen Vehicles, ]Note of Meeting of the Law Enforcement Sub-Group 01/01/1998

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The Law Enforcement Projects Sub-Group agreed that their tasks for the meeting were to: Discuss specific project proposals and agree a way forward. Review projects currently underway. Identify future possibilities for project based action. [transnational organized crime, police, Smuggling, Trafficking, law enforcement]Report of Task-Force on Organized Crime in the Baltic Sea Region 01/01/1998

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Since June 1996 a new form of co-operation in the fight against organized crime in the Baltic Sea Region has been in place, i.e. the Task-Force on Organized Crime in the Baltic Sea Region. The keywords, given by the Heads of Government at the Baltic Sea States Summit in May 1996, have been “ [Organized Crime, Task-Force,Judicial,Proposals]Lyon Group Plenary Meeting Agenda 03/01/1998

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This is a agenda for the Lyon Group Plenary Meeting. [Crime Convention, High-tech crime, Law enforcement,-Firearms]March 1998 Delegation List 03/01/1998

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This is a delgations list from different countries. [Foreign Affairs, Criminal Intelligence, ]Lyon Group Draft Report to Sous Sherpas 03/01/1998

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This report contains: on progress since Denver, proposals for future work, proposed themes for Heads’ discussion, suggested framework for communiqué language. [high tech crime, firearms, law enforcement, legal assistance/extradition, ]Draft Report of the Intergovernmental Expert Group Meeting on Developing and Promoting the Efficiency of Mechanisms in International Mutual Assistance Practice 03/01/1998

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The Intergovernmental Expert Group Meeting on Developing and Promoting the Efficiency of Mechanisms in International Mutual Assistance Practice recommends to the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice at its seventh session, the consideration of the following draft resolution: [Criminal Justice, technical assistance, fighting crime]Report from the Mutual Assistance Sub-Group 03/01/1998

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The sub-group reaffirmed its view that asset confiscation is a powerful weapon against organised crime but is seriously under utilised. The sub-group agreed on a set of legislative and practical proposals which are set out in the Annex to this report. [criminalising money laundering, domestic law permits, enforcing restraint,]International Organization on Computer Evidence 03/01/1998

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In June of 1993, the FBI Laboratory hosted the first International Law Enforcement Conference on Computer Evidence at Quantico, VA. The purpose of this conference was to assess the possibility of achieving a consensus concerning the practice of the emerging discipline of computer forensics. [Cybercrime, law enforcement,Computer Evidence]P-8 Senior Experts Group Proposals Concerning Asset Forfeiture 03/01/1998

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Developing, or supporting efforts to develop, legislation that strengthens domestic asses forfeiture regimes. [Criminalizing money laundering, financial crimes, domestic law permits]Operation Caribbean – Operation Plan 03/01/1998

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The supply and availability of illegal drugs is still running at a very high level. The fact that special measures have been implemented by the customs administration, in order to curb the inflow of illegal narcotics, is demonstrated by the constant increase in the number of successful searches p [illegal drugs, criminal prosecution, drug smuggling, Caribbean,]Statement of Principles – Firearms Subgroup 03/01/1998

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Some of the topics that were covered were:There must be no safe havens for those who participate in the foregoing illegal activities.States should adopt effective methods of firearms identification and tracing. Diversion into the illegal market of legally traded and held firearms must be prevented. [illegal market of legally traded, firearms, illegal manufacturing of and trafficking]High-Tech Crime Subgroup Report, Paris, February 1998 03/01/1998

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All Member States sent delegations from their capitals. In addition, representatives from the Council of Europe and the European Commission attended as observers. The work of this Subgroup has focused on enhancing the abilities of countries to investigate and prosecute high-tech and computer-relate [High-tech Points of Contact., Transborder Searches, Law Enforcement Cooperation with Industry]24-Hour Contacts for International High-Tech and Computer-Related Crime 03/01/1998

By Subgroup of the Eight on High-tech Crime

There are points of contact which are provided for high-tech or computer-related investigations that require urgent help from foreign law enforcement. [Cybercrime, High Tech Crime, transnational organized crime]Comparative Assessment of Colombian Organised Crime in G8 Member Countries 03/01/1998

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This assessment of Colombian Organized Crime as it affects G8 member countries is drawn up in response to a UK-proposed project. [Organized Crime, law enforcement, cocaine, Drugs-related violence]United Nations Crime Convention November 1998 Meeting Agenda 11/01/1998

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This is a meeting agenda list the times and topics of discussion. [UN Crime Convention, high tech crime, Firearms,Corruption]Note to the Lyon Group from the UK Presidency on Video Conferencing, Hearing Evidence at a Distance 11/01/1998

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From the beginning, the Eight have recognized that an important obstacle to efforts to combat transnational organised crime is the barrier imposed by transnational borders. These barriers prevent access to witnesses and other evidence vital to the successful investigation and prosecution of trans [organised crime, legal, criminal offense., ]Guiding Principles for Fighting Corruption and Safeguarding Integrity Among Justice and Security Officials 11/01/1998

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The proposed Conference declaration does not prescribe a specific solution to corruption among justice and security officials, but rather offers a list of potentially effective corruption-fighting practices. [justice and security, Laws criminalizing, criminal investigators, laws against corruption.]Digital Readiness Assessment 02/01/2002

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The basic Methodology used for this Assessment is the one recommended in “Readiness for the Networked World: A Guide for Developing Countries” developed by Center for International Development at Harvard University and IBM. According to this methodology 19 different categories of indica [Technology, Digital, Cellphone]Chairman’s Report, November 1998 11/01/1998

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This report includes:Future Ministerial discussions, Ministerial video conference, Judicial co-operation issues, Alien smuggling and trafficking in human beings, and Firearms. [Judicial co-operation issues, Firearms, smuggling and trafficking ]Chairman’s Report, Extradition and Mutual Assistance Subgroup 11/01/1998

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The discussion included: asset confiscation, evidence by video link, annual review of the implementation of international cooperation measures agreed to at the meeting of Justice and Interior Ministers in Washington in December 1997. and further steps to overcome obstacles that prevent speedy and e [mutual assistance, asset-sharing, police and prosecutors, law enforcement]Confiscation of Assets 11/01/1998

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The tables are intended to prompt discussion and enable delegates to identify best practices. There are a number of gaps which need to be tilled to provide a comprehensive picture of the current position in G8 member countries. [missing information, enable delegates, criminalise money, non-drug predicate]Proposed Model Agreement on Asset Sharing 11/01/1998

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This is a agreement on asset sharing, one of theagreements was that:“forfeiture or confiscation” shall mean arty action under national law resulting in the final forfeiture or confiscation of assets of any description related to, or proceeding from, crime or a sum which amounts to the va [FORFEITED OR CONFISCATED ASSETS, judicial assistance, ]Law Enforcement Subgroup: Chairman’s Summary to Final Plenary Session 11/01/1998

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There was three meeting with law enforcement the topics that were covered was:Payment Card Crime – Led by Germany,East European Organised Crime – UK lead, Trafficking in Stolen Vehicles – USA Lead, and Currency Inspections – USA Lead. [Payment Card Crime, Organised Crime, Stolen Vehicles, Currency Inspections]Operation Caribbean Status Report 11/01/1998

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Operation Caribbean was a joint international narcotics interdiction initiative, initiated by Germany, that focused intelligence and interdictive efforts on transit passengers arriving in U.S. airports from the Caribbean who were in transit to Europe, Canada, and Japan. [Operation Caribbean, U.S. Customs, Italian Mafia.]Coordinated Currency Inspections Status Report 11/01/1998

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The Lyon Projects Group has indicated a strong interest in exploring the potential for enhanced cooperation among the eight to inspect and investigate the cross— border movement of criminal proceeds. [criminal cash transfers, legal limitations,seized assets.]Operation Osprey Status Report 11/01/1998

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Operation Osprey is a child pornography initiative that was initiated in April 1998 by England. It consisted of three phases targeting arriving Passengers from pre selected flights, mail parcels and entry of child pornography via the Internet. [child pornography, law enforcement, high risk]Intellectual Property Rights Violations Status Report 11/01/1998

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A project initiated to target Intellectual Property Rights violations. [Property Rights violations., Rights Enforcement, criminal action, Outreach Programs]Chairman’s Report, Firearms Subgroup 11/01/1998

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In this chairmans report on firearms the areas covered were Implementation report of the Statement of Principle and Action Plan and the Firearms protocol of TOC. [Firearms, annotated draft, law enforcement, ]Readines for The Networked World-Russia 02/01/2002

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This report ranks Russia’s ability and resources to become a fully networked country. [Trade, Network, Commerce, Workplace]Alien Smuggling Subgroup Report 02/01/2002

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Some of the outcomes of the alien smuggling reports are:The Role of the Sub-Group, Defining “Smuggling” and “Trafficking”, Protocol on Trafficking in Women and Children, Protocol on Smuggling of Migrants and Strategy (Principles and Action Plan). [human trafficking, smuggling, Smuggling of Migrants, , violence against women]High-Tech Crime Subgroup Report 02/01/2002

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The work of this Subgroup has focused on enhancing the abilities of countries to prevent, investigate and prosecute high-tech and computer-related crime. [cybercrime, Organized Crime, High-tech Crime, legal assistance, legal systems]The Importance of Stored Computer Data in High Tech Crime Investigations 11/01/1998

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As in the investigation of all crimes, it is critical for law enforcement officers to be able to identify the offender. Computer crimes, however, have some unique characteristics. In today’s communications environment, there are billions of analog and digital signals flowing from one end of the c [Cybercrime, High Tech Crime, telecommunications, ]Draft Principles on Obtaining Data Stored in a Foreign State 11/01/1998

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Some of the principles from this draft are: PRESERVATION OF DATA STORED IN A COMPUTER SYSTEM, EXPEDITED MUTUAL LEGAL ASSISTANCE, TRANSBORDER ACCESS TO STORED DATA NOT REQUIRING LEGAL ASSISTANCE, and EXIGENT CIRCUMSTANCES. [LEGAL ASSISTANCE,TRANSBORDER ACCESS, HIGH-TECH CRIME]High-Tech Crime Subgroup 11/01/1998

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Ther work of the subgroup came up with this Principles for transborder searches & seizures of electronic data., Industry dialogue, 24 hour points-of-contact network, and Review of legal systems. [transborder searches & seizures, Industry dialogue., law enforcement, cybercrime]Request for Guidance on Transborder Search and Seizure Issues 11/01/1998

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The purpose of this memorandum is to obtain guidance from senior policy makers, and perhaps from Ministers, regarding the Subgroup’s future work on transborder search and seizure. As you know, at the Washington Ministerial our Ministers agreed “Transborder electronic access by law enf [law enforcement, organized crime, legal assistance,, electronic environment,]High-Tech Crime Subgroup: Chair Non-Paper on Industry Dialogue 11/01/1998

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This paper lays out a framework for possible next steps concerning the G8 law enforcement dialogue with industry on high-tech crime. [computer-related crime, law enforcement, high-tech crime, Standards & Practices]Organized Crime Subgroup Report: Scope of UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime 11/01/1998

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The sub-group meeting in the margins of the Lyon Group discussed the scope of the Convention, and agreed in principle on this example of tone of the points: The scope of the Convention should be flexible, in the sense that different tools may need to have different scope. To facilitate this, the &# [Transnational Organized Crime, crimes of terrorism., criminal activity, ]Asset Confiscation 01/01/1998

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The United Kingdom has extensive powers to restrain and confiscate assets at the request of other countries (summary attached). We believe that many of our G8 partners also have powers. Nevertheless, international co-operation in this field is underdeveloped and it appears that relatively few req [organised crime., ]Project Plan: Study of Colombian Criminal Organisations 01/01/1998

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To assess the extent of Colombian organised criminality within G-8 member countries; to identify areas where international co-operation against them will prove effective. [organised criminality , arrest and prosecution, monolithic cartels, Colombian nationals]Digital Divide Assessment – UZBEKISTAN 02/01/2002

By Lvudmila Skovynina

This report ranks Uzbekistans’s ability to become a fully networked country. [Telecom, Infrastructure, Internet, Digital]Organized Crime in the United Kingdom: Overview and Priorities 01/01/1998

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The authors took account of characteristic features of organised crime in the UK, such as:flexible co-operation between organised criminal groups of different nationalities for profitseeking. purposes; Suspects involved in organised crime and Criminal activities of suspect involved in organised cri [organized crime, UNITED KINGDOM, drug trafficking., Criminal activities,]Proposal: Study of Eastern European Criminal Organisations 01/01/1998

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To assess the extent of Eastern European organised criminality within G8 countries; to identify areas where international co-operation against them will prove effective; to create and maintain a directory of intelligence on major groups and individuals operating within G8 counties and other speci [LAW ENFORCEMENT, organised crime., ]UN Crime Convention 03/01/1998

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The key issues at the convention were as follows:whether the points of agreement from the January meeting are still valid;the scope and purpose of the UN Crime Convention;the contents of such a Convention; the role of Protocols to such a Convention;safeguards;co-ordination arrangements for Vienna. [Crime Convention; criminal organisation; mutual assistance, law enforcement]The Practical Experience of the United Kingdom in the Use of Means to Hear at a Distance in Criminal Proceedings 03/01/1998

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It is well established in the United Kingdom, and elsewhere, that oral witness evidence in criminal proceedings is of more benefit than evidence admitted into a trial via transcript. However, there will be times when it is not possible for a witness to be in court. [CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS, United Kingdom , Serious Fraud Office, Criminal Justice]How to Get Help from the United Kingdom in Tracing, Freezing and Confiscating Criminal Assets 03/01/1998

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Under United Kingdom legislation, police and Customs authorities have wide ranging powers to trace “assets on behalf of other jurisdictions. Powers are available from an early stage in an investigation, as soon as there is a reasonable suspicion that a particular person has benefited from cri [criminal assets, Confiscation, drug trafficking, Central Authority]West African Organised Crime Project 03/01/1998

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To assess the extent of Nigerian Advance Fee Fraud Letter (419) distributed within G8 Member Countries; to identify areas where international co-operation will prove effective to combat this type of offence; and to undertake bi-lateral or multi-lateral operations where such opportunities are iden [Nigerian Law Enforcement, Security Sections, Presidential Task Force, border activity]Transnational Project Against Paedophile Activity 03/01/1998

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The G8 Law Enforcement Sub Group agreed that the project against paedophile activity discussed at the London meeting on 21 January 1998 was suitable for development. The UK agreed to prepare a non paper outlining further the concept of the proposals to facilitate any consultations within member c [Law Enforcement, Sex Offenders, Border Controls, Customs Detentions]Senior Experts Group Proposals Concerning Asset Forfeiture 03/01/1998

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Suggests ways of using asset forfeiture in law enforcement and criminal justice. [money laundering, law enforcement, Organized Transnational Crime, forfeiture agreements.]Talking to Industry 03/01/1998

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The Washington communiqué dated 10 December, in discussing the response en high-tech crime, recognised that effective solutions will require unprecedented co-operation between government and industry. [United Kingdom, law enforcement, computer generated evidence, illegal material;]Proposal: National Reviews of the Involvement of Organized Crime in Violations of Environmental Agreements 11/01/1998

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As part of their follow up to this meeting, the United Kingdom Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions (DETR)commissioned a consultant to prepare a brief survey the UK experience of the involvement of organised crime in violations of three Multilateral Environment Agreements. These Agre [INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CRIME, International Trade, Movements of Hazardous Wastes]Trafficking of Stolen Vehicles by Transnational Organized Crime Groups 01/01/1998

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Proposed countermeasures are: promotion of information exchange among countries concerned, including the holding of seminars, establishment of contract points; better use of Interpol’s vehicle database. [Trafficking of stolen vehicles, Police Agency, transnational organized crime, arrested suspects, law enforcement]Smuggling of Asian People by Transnational Organized Crime Groups and Underground Banking Systems 01/01/1998

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Proposed countermeasures are: building a forged passport database; promoting antimoney laundering measures in the Asian region (e.g.: enlightening activities toward relevant national organs for enhanced anti-money laundering measures, building up a system to enable investigative authorities to ha [transnational organized crime, human trafficking, underground banking, money fraudulently obtained, illegal immigrants, violence against women]Smuggling Asian People/Underground Banking Law Enforcement Project (Overhead Projection Sheets) 01/01/1998

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Reasons for people using underground banking like: AVOID CUSTOMER IDENTIFICATION, and conclusions for example:THE IMPORTANCE OF STRICT BORDER CONTROL: INCLUDING WIRE TRANSFER, CRIMINAL ORGANIZATIONS. [human trafficking, CUSTOMER IDENTIFICATION, UNSAFE POSTAL SERVICE, SMUGGLING PEOPLE,violence against women, transnational organized crime]Trafficking in Stolen Vehicles Project 01/01/1998

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The United States of America believes that the theft of motor vehicles and, in many cases, their subsequent illegal export, are two of the most complex, costly and widespread problems confronting law enforcement not just in Japan and Russia but in the rest of the G8 member nations as well as in m [illegal export, Illicit Trafficking, vehicle theft, criminal organizations, Crime Commission]Principles and Plans of Action to Combat Organized Smuggling of Human Beings 11/01/1998

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One of the common ideas formed at the meeting in Koblenz is that, although G8 states should lead the international community in dealing with this problem, we must cooperate with states of origin and transit, for the problem cannot be solved only by the G8 states. [Organized Smuggling of Human Beings, Illegal Migration, Alien Smuggling, Law Enforcement]Lyon Group Crime Directory 03/01/1998

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It is a crime directory listing different crime fighting agencies. [organized crime, Financial crimes, Fraud, Money Laundering]Legal Aspects of Computer-Related Crime in the Information Society 01/01/1998

By Prof. Dr. Ulrich Sieber

This study is based on a contract between the European Commission (DG XIII) and the University of Wiirzburg. Its aim is to provide the Commission with up-to-date information on the legal issues of computer-related crime, especially with respect to substantive criminal law, procedural criminal law [Cybercrime, criminological analysis, economic crimes, violations]Statement by Otto Schily, German Federal Minister of the Interior 01/01/1999

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It is necessary to build bridges between the various institutions so that any of them can take advantage of the strong points and experience of the others. It is only in this way that we can combat organised crime effectively. [combat organised crime, environmental crime, Illegal profits, money laundering]G8 Nations’ Survey on Environmental Crime 01/01/1999

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International environmental crime, including trafficking in banned Ozone Depicting Substances such as CFCs, illegal shipments of hazardous wastes, and trade in protected species of wildlife, has been identified by the G8 Environmental Ministers and others as a growing problem, costing billions of [Environmental Crime, hazardous wastes, law enforcement, organized criminal]Russian Mafia in America: Immigration, Culture, and Crime 02/01/2002

By Jay S. Albanese

Russian Mafia in America examines Russian organized crime in the United States. Law enforcement sources and interviews are used to analyze intelligence, indictments, and trial transcripts for cases involving crimes by Russian emigres. The study focuses primarily on the New York City metropolitan a [Mafia, Russia, America, Criminal]Questionnaire Regarding Video Conferencing Capabilities of the Eight 01/01/1999

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This is a Questionnaire Regarding Video Conferencing Capabilities of the eight. [law enforcement, perjury, courts or law]Chairman’s Report of the Extradition and Mutual Assistance Subgroup 01/01/1999

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This meeting discussed: asset confiscation, further steps to overcome obstacles that prevent speedy and effective mutual assistance, and taking evidence by video link. [confiscation, mutual assistance, agreed cooperation mechanisms, ]Chairman’s Report of the Firearms Subgroup 01/01/1999

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The issues that were discussed are: Small Arms Issues, Firearms Protocol of UN TOC Convention, and Report of the International Law Enforcement Workshop on Illicit Trafficking in Firearms [Firearms, trafficking in firearms, Law Enforcement]Chairman’s Non-Paper: Guiding Principles and Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings 01/01/1999

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This is to develop a multidisciplinary and comprehensive strategy, including principles and an action plan for future cooperation amongst ourselves and with third countries, including countries of origin, transit and destination, to tackle all forms of trafficking In human beings. [human TRAFFICKING, transnational Organized Crime, illegal migration, violence against women]Chairman’s Report of the Corruption Subgroup 01/01/1999

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The Chairman’s Report of the Corruption Subgroup discusses The US delegation presented detailed information on the forthcoming international conference on fighting corruption and safeguarding integrity among justice and security officials. [fighting corruption, security officials, justice]Updated Report on UK Implementation of the 40 Recommendations 01/01/1999

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The first recomendation is The Security Service’s skills and experience in the long-term gathering and analysis of intelligence is of great value in combating drug traffickers and other serious criminal activity. NCIS is responsible for the tasking and co-ordination of the Security Service [UK, drug traffickers, dual criminality, Mutual Legal Assistance,, ]Implementation of International Co-operation Mechanisms Agreed to in Subgroup I 01/01/1999

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Some of the recomendations of this were:Dual criminality, Mutual Assistance Procedures, Central Authorities, and Enhancing Familiarity with Foreign Legal Requirements. [Expediting Extradition, Witness Protection, Witnesses Abroad, Asset forfeiture]Project Osprey Final Report 01/01/1999

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Project Osprey was a multi-agency trans-national project to identity and target suspected child sex abusers at their most vulnerable i.e. while moving through customs controls and to detect and seize child pornography. The results have been excellent with all aims and objectives met. [child sex abusers, pornography, domestic agencies, ]Various Systems for Maintaining the Professional Ethics of Japanese Police Officers 01/01/1999

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The Police Law, which authorizes the establishment of a police system in Japan, stipulates in Article 1 that the object of this law is “to establish the organization of police capable of securing both the administration and the operation of police based upon the principle of democracy, at th [Police Law, democratic management, wrongful acts, negligent management, law enforcement]Update on the Implementation of the 40 Recommendations at the Level of the European Union 01/01/1999

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This is an Update on the Implementation of the 40 Recommendations at the Level of the European Union. a couple of the recomendations were:COMPARISON BETWEEN THE P 8 RECOMMENDATIONS AND THE EU ACTION PLAN, and TABLES SHOWING THE IMPLEMENTATION AT THE LEVEL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION OF THE FORTY P8 RECOM [Organised Crime, Criminal Matters, Central Authority, Action or Instruments]BGU publishes first study of local prostitutes 02/01/2002

By Judy Siegel

A first-ever Israeli academic study on the medical and emotional condition of prostitutes has found that most risk HIV and hepatitis C infection through unprotected oral sex, and many suffer from depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. [Prostitution, STD’s, Stress]Minutes to the October 25, 1997 IMPACT Meeting 10/01/1997

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The morning session of the October 25 meeting was dedicated to electing officers for the new Section [ELECTION PROCESS, RESULTS OF ELECTION, STANDING COMMITTEES, DUES]International Narcotics Control Strategy Report 1999 03/01/2000

By Office of International Information Programs

The U.S. State Department’s 1999 report on international narcotics production and trade says that current anti-drug programs are succeeding in disrupting production and trafficking patterns, tightening law enforcement systems and strengthening measures against money laundering. [anti-drug programs , law enforcement , Traffickers, drug trade ]Narcotics Report on the Asia-Pacific Region 1999 03/01/2000

By Office of International Information Programs

Following is the section of the 1999 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report that covers the Asia-Pacific region [illicit drugs, law enforcement , Drug policy , criminal intelligence, trafficking, transnational crime]Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Vioence Against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice: Criminal Law 02/01/2002

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The model strategy makes it clear that criminal law is not the only type of law which can effect or isrelated to violence against women. [civil law, criminal law, national action law, Violence Against Women]Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Vioence Against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice: International Cooperation 02/01/2002

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To exchange information concerning successfull intervention models and preventive programmes in elimantaing violence against women and to compile a directory of those models. [violence against women, refugee women, women equality, womens development]Chemical Diversion 10/01/1995

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Transnational organized crime groups depend on the diversion of chemicals from international commerce to produce the illicit drugs which are a primary source of illegal income for these groups. [illicit drugs, illegal income, chemical control issues, transnational organized crime, drug trafficking]Response to Domestic Legislation Questionnaire 11/01/1995

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This is some responses to Domestic Legislation Questionnaire. [criminal organization, DOMESTIC LEGISLATION, Questionnaire]Catalogue of U.S. Proposals 11/01/1995

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Some of the propsals were CREATION OF INTERNATIONAL CRIME ADVISORY TEAM (ICAT), DECLARATION ON CITIZENS’ SECURITY, and EXTRADITION. [Crime Advisory Team, legal and financial, geographic, cultural,]Response to Domestic Legislation Quetionnaire 11/01/1995

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Some of the responses to Domestic Legislation Quetionnaire: Participation in a criminal organization, Confiscation of illicit proceeds derived from organized crime, and Money laundering. [Money laundering, Sentencing, Searches and Seizures, Observation operations and interception]Remarks on the proposals Made by the Italian Delegation on Exchange of Information Among States Regarding Investments Made by Criminal Organizations 11/01/1995

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The proposal made during the 12-14 October Convention by the Italian Delegation starts from the behaviour examination of the mafia groups controlling the territory on which they exert their power. [mafia groups, third parties, financial flows, flows and anomalies]Domestic Legislation Questionnaire 11/01/1995

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This is the Response to Domestic Legislation Questionnaire. [QUESTIONNAIRE, ]Enforcement Subgroup Discussion Paper 10/01/1995

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Some of the things discused were: Gathering of Information, Assessment and Analysis of Information, Setting of priorities, and tasking. [intelligence agency liaison, World Customs Organisation, bilateral or multilateral assessment]Legal/Institutional Subgroup Discussion Paper 10/01/1995

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This is the 2 steps in witness protection. [Legal, Witness Protection, law enforcement, transnational crime,]Response to Domestic Legislation Questionnaire 11/01/1995

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This is the response to the Domestic Legislation Questionnaire. [CRIMINAL ORGANIZATION, ILLICIT PROCEEDS, MONEY LAUNDERING]Investigation of Computer-Related Crime and Crimes Involving Information Technology 11/01/1995

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Computer crime is a new form of transnational crime and effectively addressing it requires concerted international cooperation. This can only happen, however, if there is a common framework for understanding the problem and possible solutions. [Cybercrime, criminal conduct, Jurisdictional problems, prosecutorial jurisdiction.]Proposal on Immigration 11/01/1995

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Possible framework and terms of reference for consultations and exchange of information to assist in the monitoring and control of the transnational movement of organized criminals and their role in illegal immigration. [ORGANIZED CRIME, IMMIGRATION, police and intelligence, illegal movement, law enforcement]Proposed Recommendations by Canada Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance and Extradition 11/01/1995

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This is the proposed Recommendations by Canada Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance and Extradition. The issues on Mutual Legal assistance were, Within and outside the P8, states should be encouraged to develop bilateral regional and multilateral treaties for mutual legal assistance that will expand t [Legal Assistance, mutual assistance, bilateral treaties, Central Authorities]Response to Domestic Legislation Questionnaire 11/01/1995

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These are responses to the Domestic Legislation Questionnaire. [organized crime, QUESTIONAIRE, Russian criminal law, criminal activity,]Statement on the Objectives of the Enforcement Subgroup 02/01/1996

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Some of the main ojectives were: Chemical Diversion Control, Computer-related Crime, Money Laundering, ICPO-Interpol, and World Customs Organisation (WCO). [Money Laundering, Organized Crime Group,, Customs Organisation, Computer-related Crime]U.S. Customs Proposal on Intellectual Property 01/01/1997

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Some of the topics that were covered were Manufacturer identification, Importer identification, Firearms nomenclature, The ATF National Tracing Center function, The U.S. commercial market, and Collecting evidence relating to ITAR/Federal firearms violations. [Firearms nomenclature, illegal trafficking, criminal violence, law enforcement]Bosnia & Herzegovina – Counter Trafficking 02/01/2002

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International Organization for Migration (IOM) Sarajevo is currently providing shelter for 39 women following the joint-entity task force raids held on March 4 and 5 in BiH. There are currently 25 women in the low-risk shelter facility and 14 in the high-risk. [Prostitution, Trafficking, Abuse]U.S. Action on the 40 Recommendations 02/01/2002

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This is the 40 Recommendations on how to Combat Transnational Organized Crime. [law enforcement, Organized Crime, mutual assistance, criminality., ]Law Enforcement Initiatives to Combat Trafficking in Women and Children 04/01/1997

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Trafficking of women for prostitution encompasses other international crimes including alien smuggling and document fraud. The violence and exploitation endured by these women often goes beyond the exploitation suffered by other trafficked migrants. [prostitution, trafficking of women, crime of exploitation, frequently forced, violence against women]Environmental Crime: Interdiction of the Transnational Black Market in Chlorofluorocarbons 04/01/1997

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The P8 Senior Experts Group Recommendations regarding methods to combat transnational crime can contribute to the achievement of better cooperation among states to enforce the provisions of the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer. [criminal laws, organized crime, mutual assistance, transshipment and exportation of CFCs,]U.S. Initiative to Combat Trafficking in Women and Children 10/01/1997

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The United States has not until recently seen large numbers of women or children trafficked in our country for exploitative purposes. [Inter-Agency Group., Potential Victims., Trafficking in Women., Protection Project, violence against women]Italian Action on the 40 Recommendations 02/01/2002

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These 40 recomendations are the IMPLEMENTATION BY ITALY OF P8-SENIOR EXPERTS GROUP RECOMMENDATIONS TO COMBAT TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME. [criminal offenses jurisdiction,, law enforcement, Organized Crime, drug trafficking]Proposals for Legal Assistace and Extradition Subgroup 04/01/1997

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These are ITALIAN proposals for Legal Assistace and Extradition Subgroup. Some of the proposals are: Dual criminality, Enhancing familiarity with foreign legal requirements and Extradition [ITALY:, Dual criminality, foreign legal requirements, Extradition]Information Material of the German Delegation 01/01/1997

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Since 1991, there has been a European working group at Interpol – “Information Technology Crime” (formerly: “Computer Crime”), which is producing good results. Other regional working groups are currently being founded in America and Asia. [High-Tech and Computer Crime, Police Crime Statistics, Information Technology Crime, law enforcement]Extradition Procedures in Germany 01/01/1997

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Some of the Extradition Procedures in Germany are: AUTHORITIES ASSOCIATED WITH EXTRADITION PROCEDURES, PECULIARITIES IN THE GERMAN EXTRADITION LAW AND EXTRADITION ARRANGEMENTS, and PRACTICAL PROBLEMS WITH EXTRADITIONS. [EXTRADITION PROCEDURES, Mutual Legal Assistance, Germany]Project Proposal: Illegal Entry and Smuggling of Iraqi Nationals 01/01/1997

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A proposal on Illegal Entry and Smuggling of Iraqi Nationals. This propsal covers: Situation in Germany, Smuggling routes and methods of illegal entry into Germany, Findings from other states and measures. [aliens smuggled, Smuggling routes, illegal entry, Transnational Organized Crime]Proposal: Internationally Organized Credit Card Crime 01/01/1997

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Improvement of the general state of information on this field of crime and, upon identification of target persons/criminal groups, joint action by the participating countries. [Organized Credit Card Crime, Aims/Hypotheses, quantitative/qualitative]Proposal: A Supplementary Survey of Already Accomplished and Ongoing Work 01/01/1997

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Supplementing the Canadian Paper “Investigation of computer – related crime and crime involving information technology”, presented at the November meeting in 1995 as well as the German document “Currently Active Task Groups concerned with High-Tech and Computer Crime”, which mainly deals with pol [High -Tech and Computer Crime, Active Task Groups, Germany, Hacking, Software Piracy]Informational Material of the German Delegation 01/01/1997

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Germany is also of the opinion that there is a need to draw up a collection of the various countries’ laws pertaining to “crimes committed with the use of or committed against information and communication technology, as mentioned in the pre-conference communication transmitted by the [Cybercrime, Computer Crime, police information. Misuse of cash cards, Copyright violations, law enforcement]German Action on the 40 Recommendations 04/01/1997

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This is 40 recomendations for combatting Transnational Organized Crime. The first recomendation was the reform of the provisions concerning the confiscation of the crime profits, and to specific investigative measures – such as the use of undercover investigators – which has been expressly provided [organized crime, Federal Ministry, jurisdiction, Ministry of Justice]Organized Crime in the Federal Republic of Germany: The Situation in 1996 04/01/1997

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The Situation Report on Organized Crime is a survey of all OC-related criminal cases handled by the criminal justice authorities that concentrates on fundamental aspects of the information gathered. [organized crime, Customs Criminal Investigation, SITUATION OVERVIEW, Criminal Police, law enforcement]Propositions of the German Federal Criminal Investigation Office (BKA) to Take Forward the Recommendations of the P8 Law Enforcement Conference on the Illicit Traffic in Firearms 04/01/1997

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One of the propositions: General condition for support activities in the field of police cooperation is the collection of relevant national information to be forwarded to member states later. [LAW ENFORCEMENT, ILLICIT TRAFFIC, firearms laws, ]French Implementation Of The 40 Recommendations 04/01/1997

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One of the 40 recomendations of the actions by france:States should review their laws governing criminal offences, jurisdiction, law enforcement powers and international cooperation, as well as their measures dealing with law enforcement training and crime prevention, to ensure that the special prob [Organized Crime, French criminal Law, law-offenders.]Immigration Control Officer Network Directory 01/01/1997

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This is the mmigration Control Officer Network Directory. [human trafficking]Canadian Action on the 40 Recommendations 04/01/1997

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Canada is pleased to report that the federal government has already established and implemented measures, or is in the process of doing so, with respect to the vast majority of Lyon Group recommendations. Canada is committed to continuing to work with its P8 partners on improving international co [Combat Transnational Organized Crime, Legal Assistance, Financial Action Task Force,]Computer-Related Investigations: Search and Seizure 10/01/1997

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Our traditional agreements for mutual legal assistance were created in an era when geographic borders had to be crossed physically in order to have access to information on the other side. [Cybercrime, Mutual Assistance, Criminal Matters, The objective,]RUSSIA IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 40 RECOMMENDATIONS 04/01/1997

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The Summit of Heads of State or Government of the Eight countries held in Lyon in June 1996 adopted 40 recommendations on combating organized crime. It was envisaged that a progress report on the implementation of those recommendations prepared by member countries would be submitted for considera [Foreign Affairs, organized crime, law-enforcement, lawful]Proposal: Commercial Crimes (Non-Narcotic) Money Laundering 01/01/1998

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Proceeds of crime or illicitly derived financial assets transported within the P-8 Some examples of the stolen property/funds transported include: proceeds from the sale of stolen raw materials and other government property, frauds against the governments, proceeds of white collar fraud schemes a [fraudulent shares, offshore banks, Law enforcement, stolen property/]Response to Proposal Submitted by Japan: Smuggling of Asian People and the Connection with Underground Banking Systems 01/01/1998

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Smuggling of Asian aliens and the criminal use of underground banking systems are clearly international crime problems. The United States agrees that the smuggling of Asian people and the links between Asian smuggling and the underground banking systems are subjects worthy of further study and ev [Asian aliens, underground banking, Asian smuggling, law enforcement agencies, human trafficking, transnational organized crime, violence against women]Proposal: Stolen Antiquities and Cultural Property 01/01/1998

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The theft and smuggling of stolen art and cultural property has a long history among nations may not be consistent as to the definition of what constitutes illegal traffic. [trafficking, Stolen Antiquities , theft and smuggling, Cultural Property]Proposal: Currency Inspections 01/01/1998

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Cash transfers, and transferring agents or organizations, of the proceeds of criminal activity, by means of coordinated customs inspections to discover and seize illicit currency as it transits selected major airports in the Eight [Currency Inspections, laundering, U. S. Customs Service, major airports]U.S.Proposal to Use Interpol Red Notices and Fugitive Diffusions Targeting East European Organized Crime 01/01/1998

By

This proposes targeting, by organization, East European Organized Crime (EEOC) figures against whom any of the Eight have pending charges; then obtaining INTERPOL [LAW ENFORCEMENT, FUGITIVE DIFFUSIONS, Organized Crime, international fugitive]U.S. Assessment of Russian/Eastern European/Eurasian Criminal Enterprises (R/EE/ECES) 01/01/1998

By

Russian, Eastern European, and Eurasian (R/EE/E) organized crime groups are strongly entrenched in the former Soviet Union (FSU), Europe, and North America, with operations expanding to South America, the Caribbean, the Middle East, Africa, and the Pacific region. Bilateral exchanges between law [organized crime, law enforcement, fraud, money laundering,]West African Organized Crime (WAOC) Nigerian Criminal Enterprises (NCE) Project Update 01/01/1998

By

In the early 1980s, a criminal network emerged from within the large community of Nigerian nationals living in the United States. [criminal network, CRIMINAL ENTERPRISES, immigration fraud, Nigerian criminal groups]Response to Proposal Submitted by the UK: West African Organized Crime (WAOC) Information and Intelligence Exchange Procedures (Use of Interpol X-400 System) 01/01/1998

By

The ready exchange of information and intelligence between law enforcement agencies is essential to successfully combat the furtherance of West African criminal activity. To maximize the effectiveness of law enforcement, nationally and internationally, [law enforcement, West African , ORGANIZED CRIME, Anti-Drug Network]Response to Proposal Submitted by the UK: Colombian Organized Crime 01/01/1998

By

This paper responds to the U.K.’s proposal regarding Colombian Organized Crime, wherein all delegations were invited to provide a paper describing their assessment of the situation in their respective countries. The topics/headings set forth below follow the format of the guide/questionnair [ORGANIZED CRIME, Colombian, smuggling operation, cocaine]U.S. Response to Proposal Submitted by the UK: Asset Confiscation 01/01/1998

By

This document responds to the paper by the United Kingdom addressing the subject of asset confiscation. In its paper, the United Kingdom notes that despite the Lyon Group’s Recommendation #30 that countries develop a domestic forfeiture regime, which encompasses asset sharing, international [Volume of Requests, Problem and Areas of Difficulty, Sufficiency of International Framework]Combating Trafficking in Firearms 02/01/2002

By

The United States of America believes that the Group of Eight (G-8), some of whose member nations contain the major firearms manufacturers and exporters in the world, have the responsibility to prevent the illegal diversion to, and use of legally manufactured and exported firearms by, criminal el [COMBATING TRAFFICKING, FIREARMS, illicit trafficking, criminal elements]Proposal: Border Control Intelligence System 01/01/1998

By

To Design a seizure database accessible by all members. [Customs Services, Border Control , Smugglers, ]Assessment of Illegal Entry and Smuggling of Iraqi Nationals 01/01/1998

By

A review of the alien smuggling data maintained by the U.S. Immigration & Naturalization Service disclosed that Iraqi aliens seeking to illegally enter the United States is statisticallyinsignificant. [ENTRY AND SMUGGLING, Iraqi, aliens, smuggling of Iraqi nationals]Implementation of Lyon Group 40 Recommendations by the United States: 1998 Interim Report 03/01/1998

By

This an update to the U.S. Interim Report dated January 21, 1997. This report reflects U.S. actions since that date to implement the Lyon Group 40 Recommendations. [governing criminal offenses,, arms trafficking;, foreign crimes, alien smuggling, ]U.S. Lyon Group Sherpa Paper 03/01/1998

By

Some of the key points were: Solidity Mandate to Lyon Group, Set Priorities for Joint Actions, Deepen Norm-setting Cooperation, and Goals for the Sherpa meeting/Desired Birmingham Outcome. [CRIME:, UN CRIME CONVENTION., ASSET FORFEITURE, TRANSNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CRIME.]Proposals for Extradition and Mutual Assistance Subgroup 03/01/1998

By

This paper provides information concerning the United States experience in the use of video link technology in criminal investigations and proceedings. We propose that the other Members of the Eight provide their experiences at the next meeting of the Subgroup, with a view to analyzing these expe P-8 Currency Initiative: Proposed Operating Procedures & Issues 03/01/1998

By

This project will target the physical movement (and those who cause or conduct such movement of suspected criminal proceeds in the form of cash or monetary instruments transiting from one P-8 member country to another member country via selected airports in the Eight. [criminal proceeds, smuggled currency, currency seizures, TARGET SELECTION]International Trafficking of Stolen Motor Vehicles 03/01/1998

By

Organized motor vehicle theft rings operating Within G-8 territories, by means of coordinated investigations to dismantle and disrupt the organizations. [Law Enforcement, stolen motor vehicles, International Trafficking , criminal organizations]Draft High-Tech Crime Subgroup Report 03/01/1998

By

A directory titled, 24-Hour Contacts for International High-tech and Computer-related Crime, was distributed to all delegates. The directory contains points-of-contact from The Eight for high-tech or computer-related investigations that require urgent help from foreign law enforcement. [High-Tech Crime , Transborder Searches, Cooperation with Industry, Fraud on the Internet]Proposal: Criminal Financial Transactions of International Criminal Organizations Operating in Eastern Europe (An Adjunct Project Proposal to the Ongoing G-8 Eastern European Organized Crime Project) 03/01/1998

By

Eastern European criminal organizations and groups involved with the transnational movement and flow of the financial proceeds of criminal activity. [Law enforcement, criminal organizations, criminal enterprises, Eastern European]Views of the United States on the Scope of the Proposed UN Convention on Organized Crime 11/01/1998

By

The United States favors the elaboration of a convention that will generally focus on combatting organized criminal activity posing a serious threat to our societies. We believe that maintaining a general focus on organized criminality, as opposed to the generic concept of “serious crime,,&# [ORGANIZED CRIME, Seriousness of the crime.,law enforcement, Terrorist Bombing Convention,]U.S. Proposals for Discussion at London Meeting 11/01/1998

By

This paper addresses several further means of implementing the Senior Expert Group’s recommendations relating to mutual assistance and extradition and of carrying out the December 1997 mandate of our Justice and Interior Ministers in these areas. [MUTUAL ASSISTANCE AND EXTRADITION]Asset Confiscation: Proposal for Future Work for the Extradition and Mutual Assistance Subgroup 11/01/1998

By

During its presidency of the Lyon Group, the United Kingdom has sought to explore the reasons for the relative lack of international forfeiture activity and to identify possible remedies. [Asset Sharing Initiative, Training Initiative,Freezing and Confiscating the Proceeds from Crime.]U.S. Proposal for a Center on Transnational Small Arms Flows 11/01/1998

By

Create an international center or point of contact to improve the international community’s capacity to prevent or mitigate humanitarian crises worsened by dangerous flows of small arms; to facilitate the enforcement of national laws, and international arms embargoes; and to collect, monito [legal and illicit arms, enforcement of national laws, authorized exports, Analysis center.]’416′ Letters Fraud/West African Project 03/01/1998

By Dipartimento della pubblica sicurezza

The perpetration of fraud through advance payments of amounts of money linked to fictitious transfers of funds coming from Nigeria – the so-called Nigererian Connection – is a kind of fraud known as ‘advance fee fruad.’ This report examines this kind of fraud and makes suggestion for dealing with i [transnational organized crime, fraud, ]Stolen Vehicles Trafficking/USA Project 03/01/1998

By

The phenomenon of international trafficking in stolen vehicles is increasing in a constant and alarming way at a European level and operates a vast volume of business of many billion Italian liras. [ORGANISED CRIME, International Trafficking, stolen vehicles, illicitly traded]Paedophilia and Sexual Offences: Evaluation of UK project Against Youth 02/01/2002

By

The analysis of problems arising from child exploitation, which engages magistrates and law enforcement agencies in a constant effort to prevent and combat these offenses, includes any behaviour falling within the concept of “child abuse”, i.e. all forms of physical or mental violence [violence, sexual abuse, sexual offenses, law enforcement, trafficking of children,]Organized Smuggling of Iraqi Nationals 03/01/1998

By

As is well known, the alarm caused by the landing of the ships Ararat and Cometa late last year has prompted closer international collaboration between those countries most affected by the phenomenon of illegal immigration. [ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION, Smuggling of Iraqi Nationals, ]Note from the Italian Delegation 11/01/1998

By

This anote from the Italian Delegation that discusses, To throw light on the modus operandi of the smuggling organizations, to identify and analyse the strong and weak points of the smugglers and smuggled persons and of the control authorities, and to develop from this effective counter-measures an [the illegal migration, organizational structures, illegal migration flow, organizational structures]Proposal: Operation Caribbean 01/01/1998

By

It is proposed that one or more time-limited special control operations should be carried out to identify drug smugglers travelling from or b way of Caribbean Islands and to ascertain the organisations responsible. [drug smugglers , illicit supply of cocaine, drug trafficking, Caribbean islands, transnational organized crime]Analysis: Organized Smuggling of Iraqi Nationals 01/01/1998

By

Since January 1995 there has been a continuous increase in the number of Iraqi nationals who have entered the Federal Republic of Germany illegally or who have been smuggled into the country. In January 1997 the Iraqi nationals were in second place counting 11.23 % of all persons discovered enter [Smuggling routes, entering illegally., Iraqi nationals, ]Evaluation Project: Smuggling Iraqi Nationals Into Germany – Status as of 1 July, 1997 01/01/1998

By

This is a table of contents for the Smuggling Iraqi Nationals Into Germany. To analyze the knowledge available on the known smuggler organizations in order to develop further effective control measures. [smuggling of Iraqis, investigators, jurisdiction, Working hypotheses]German Recommendations on Best Practice With Regard to Illegal Migration 01/01/1998

By

International agreements between the diplomatic missions of destination countries of illegal migration in order to prevent unlawful procurement and abuse of entry permits through:mutual advice about refused asylum application, and mutual advice about identified falsified and counterfeit. documents [Combatting Organised Smuggling, asylum application, intensive training, people-smuggling crime]German Initiative on Crime, Birmingham Summit 03/01/1998

By

The Heads of State and Government selected Transnational Organized Crime as a central theme for the Birmingham Summit with the intention to address particular fears and concerns in our societies. [Transnational Organized Crime, alien smuggling, related trafficking, money laundering,]German Implementation of the 40 Recommendations: 1998 Interim Report 03/01/1998

By

States should review their laws governing criminal offences, jurisdiction, law enforcement powers and international cooperation, as well as their measures dealing with law enforcement training and crime prevention, to ensure that the special problems created by Transnational Organized Crime are e [Transnational Organized Crime, criminal law, mutual assistance, national law,]Evidence by Video Link 03/01/1998

By

A glance at the legislation of European and likeminded States shows that increasingly a need for the introduction of new methods of taking evidence is seen, in particular via video recordings and /or video conferences. [criminal law, organized crime, Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters, audiovisual methods,]German Initiative for Combating Organized Smuggling of Human Beings 03/01/1998

By

The manifold activities and efforts of individual governments, primarily those which already have been and are being undertaken by several governments on a bi-and multilateral level in order to combat illegal immigration networks, are commendable. [SMUGGLING OF HUMAN BEINGS,organised crime, global migration, illegal income]German Proposals on Organized Crime 03/01/1998

By

Germany would like to share with its G8 partners some ideas on the future of the Lyon-Group’s efforts to cooperate in the fight against organised crime. [Organised Crime, Alien smuggling, Confiscation and asset forfeiture, High -tech crime]The Position of Victims and Witnesses in German Criminal Proceedings 11/01/1998

By

Witnesses are one of the most important sources of information in criminal proceedings. This significance, and the stresses to which witnesses are subjected by proceedings, must be taken into account in proceedings. [GERMAN CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS, criminal law, defensive rights protecting, Victims in Criminal Proceedings]Planning Basis for Carrying Out Joint Charter Flight Measures and Evaluation of the Working Scope of the G8 from the German Point of View 02/01/2002

By

Experience shows mat in the framework of carrying out joint charter flight measures problems arise particularly with, regard to maintaining aviation security on board the charter aircraft, and bringing the returnees to the airport of departure as well as the final sharing of the costs. [legal minimum, Implementation, foreign missions, alien-smuggling crime]Instruments in the Federal Republic of Germany for Recovering Administrative Costs from the Smuggler, Including the Costs for Subsistence and Return 11/01/1998

By

At the named meeting the working group agreed to undertake “an evaluation on the existing instruments to recover administrative costs that are caused by the Illegal smuggling of human beings, including costs for upkeep and return. [illegal migration, alien smuggling, ]Canadian Proposal Concerning the Draft Convention on Transnational Organized Crime 01/01/1998

By

While Canada is supportive in principle of a convention on transnational organized crime, Canada believes that there are considerable difficulties connected with an “omnibus” convention that covers all the various issues connected with this field. [ORGANIZED CRIME, Crime Commission, law enforcement, criminal intelligence, domestic legal systems, transnational organized crime]Colombian Organized Crime 01/01/1998

By

Colombian-based cocaine trafficking groups are firmly established in Canada. Their activities are mostly in Montreal, the centre of the Canadian cocaine trade. Montreal, because of its geographic location (easy access by land, water and air, proximity of borders and several large American cities) [cocaine trafficking , Police operations, COLOMBIAN, organized crime, , law enforcement]East European-Based Organized Crime 01/01/1998

By

East European-based organized crime continues to expand in Canada in terms of both the range and level of its activity. EEOC operates in most regions of the country, from British Columbia to Quebec, with recent information indicating involvement in the Atlantic region. [organized crime, organized shoplifting, EAST EUROPEAN, organized smuggling]Canadian Proposals on Crime, Birmingham Summit 03/01/1998

By

The Birmingham Summit provides an opportunity to promote specific objectives under the aegis of the fight against “international crime in all its forms”, one of the proposed two key themes from the United Kingdom as Chair. [crime prevention, protecting potential victims, promoting firearms control, child pornography]Summary of Canada’s Forfeiture and Assistance System 03/01/1998

By

Canada has a large number of criminal offences that are precursors to its money laundering offences. Pre-charge investigative powers, including special search warrants and restraint orders are available in any appropriate case. [criminal forfeiture, criminal offences, designated drug offence, mutual legal assistance,]Satellite and Video Link Evidence in Canada 03/01/1998

By

Canada has limited experience with the use of satellite evidence in court proceedings. Our domestic law does not provide currently for the use of such evidence in a criminal trial. [domestic law, Criminal Code, satellite transmission.,Video Link Evidence, Canada]Background Paper: Organized Crime-Related Corruption of Law Enforcement Officials 11/01/1998

By

In Canada, as in many other countries, a number of recent corruption cases involving organized crime figures have illustrated the importance of significant corruption and the shrewdness with which criminal organizations engage in it. [Police Corruption, Law Enforcement , Goals and Objectives, High Risk Areas]On the Participation of Federal Bodies of the Russian Tax Police in Fighting International Organized Crime 03/01/1998

By

On behalf of the Russian delegation and the Russian National Center of Interpol I express my gratitude for the opportunity to tell you about the participation of the federal bodies of the Russian Tax Police in fighting organized crime. [fighting organized crime., law protecting agency, Tax Police,, , law enforcement]Outflows of capital from Russia and 03/01/1998

By

A number of economic criminal offences in Russia is rising constantly. Thus in 1995 in comparison with 1994 the increase of the economic delinquency came to 11.8 percent and in 1996 – to 13.5 percent. The criminalization of the economic activity of the enterprises has taken place. [dirty money laundering, Import transactions., Export transactions., criminal liability.]U.S. Implementation of 40 Recommendations: 1998 Interim Report 01/01/1999

By

States should review their laws governing criminal offenses, jurisdiction, law enforcement powers and international cooperation, as well as their measures dealing with law enforcement training and crime prevention, to ensure that the special problems created by Transnational Organized Crime are effe [Organized Crime, S. law enforcement, mutual assistance, legal assistance]Asset Confiscation 01/01/1999

By

Among the set of principles designed to increase international forfeiture cooperation agreed upon at the March 1998 meeting, which was endorsed by the Heads of State in the Birmingham Communiqué, was participation in “cross-training” forfeiture programs to encourage mutual legal assis [ASSET CONFISCATION, legal assistance., PROPOSED AGENDA:, FORFEITING THE PROCEEDS OF CRIME]Report on U.S. Implementation of Cooperation Mechanisms Pertaining to Recommendations 10, 15 and 16 Addressed in the Washington Ministerial Communique of December 10,1997 01/01/1999

By

In their December 10, 1997 Communiqué, the Ministers of Justice and Interior of the Eight called upon the Lyon Group to review annually our implementation at the national level of certain agreed-upon international cooperation measures, specifically, those referred to in the Communiqué and pertain [policy impediments, civil law countries, serious crimes committed,]Analysis of the State of Implementation of the 40 Recommendations in Italy 01/01/1999

By

One of recomendations was to Over the last few years Italy has carried out an overall updating of anti-transnational crime legislation not only in respect of specific fighting measures, but also of preventive activities in the light, of the positive and previous domestic experience as well as of t [TRANSNATIONAL CRIME., organized crime,, ]Video Conferencing Profile for Germany 01/01/1999

By

Where there are no specific international agreements, the Federal Republic of Germany can execute mutual assistance requested by a competent agency of a foreign state if the conditions have been fulfilled under which German courts or authorities can render each other mutual assistance in relevant [Video Conferencing Profile, technical equipping, criminal proceedings]French Response to Video-Link Questionnaire 01/01/1999

By

In principle, evidential documents are drawn up by law enforcement agencies in writing. Given this, any possibility of witness interviews based on video conferencing is automatically ruled out, as are police audiotaping and videotaping. [police audiotaping, videotaping, mutual judicial assistance, law enforcement]Interim Report on Canadian Implementation of the 40 Recommendations 01/01/1999

By

The Department of the Solicitor General has established five Regional Coordinating Committees and a National Coordinating Committee on Organized crime. The Regional Committees include police officers from all jurisdictions, immigration and customs officers, federal and provincial officials, as well [Canadian Implementation , Organized Crime, Combat Transnational Organized Crime]Information on Russia’s Implementation of the 40 Recommendations(1998) 01/01/1999

By

The Summit of Heads of State or Government of the Eight countries held in Lyon in June 1996 adopted 40 recommendations on combating organized crime. [Russia, Foreign Affairs, organized crime, increased public danger.]Rule of Law Series: Trial in international criminal jurisdictions: Battle or Scrutiny? 02/01/2002

By Vladimir Tochilovsky

It is true that the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) borrowed some principles of proceedings from common-law jurisdictions. However, the reason for such a borrowing was by no means the superiority of these systems. [criminal jurisdictions, national legal systems, ]Corruption in Public Administration: Results of the International Crime Victim Survey 02/01/2002

By Ugljesa Zvekic

Corruption is an ubiquitous and perennial phenomenon. It might be said without running a high risk of exaggeration, that corruption runs throughout human political history [corruption, Crime Victim Survey, Criminal Justice System ]UNOJUST Vision Paper 1997 draft 10/01/1997

By

The Commission on Crime Prevention and Control, at its fifth session, Vienna, 21-31 May 1996, acknowledged the ””importance of the United Nations Crime and Justice Information Network (UNCJIN) and the United Nations Online Crime and Justice Clearinghouse (UNOJUST) in the development of the informa [Crime Prevention , . Identity, . Membership, Policy Making and Planning, . Content Management]Guide for Policymakers on the Implementation of the United Nations Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power, draft 02/01/1998

By

In modern criminal justice systems, victims of crime and abuse of power can rightfully be called the “forgotten persons”. Considerable attention has deservedly been paid to ensuring due process for the defendant. It is the defendant who is threatened with State-imposed punishment and he or she shoul [Crime and Abuse of Power, Principles of Justice, Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice ]IACP IMPACT Membership Directory 02/01/2002

By

This is a list of members in IACP IMPACT SECTION.

    Rule by Construction, for Construction and of Construction 02/01/2002

    By

    Technically speaking, “construction” has different methodology associated with the term depending on which professional field uses it; for example: engineering, carpentry, scientific research or the legal profession. In the view of the predictive theory of the law, construction is an intellectual a [Construction, law, theory of the law, criticism and unaninamous ]Chairman’s Report to P-8 Sherpas on Progress Made to Date by the P-8 Senior Experts Group 10/01/1995

    By

    The Group’s mandate is:to look at existing arrangements for cooperation, both bilateral and multilateral, in the fight against transnational organized crime;to identify significant gaps and options for improved coordination; and, to propose practical action to fill such gaps. [ORGANIZED CRIME, legal assistance]Report from Plenary Session of Senior Expert Group 10/01/1996

    By

    At the request of the Secretariat, the United States acted as rapporteur for a discussion of the manner in which multilateral conventions could be most effectively used to combat transnational organized crime. To stimulate discussion, the United States prepared a paper analyzing the existing conv [Alien smuggling and fraudulent documents, Project-based action, ORGANIZED CRIME]Provisional Report of Firearms Subgroup 11/01/1996

    By

    In its 4th Meeting in Paris in April 1996, P8-Senior Experts Group on Transnational Organized Crime, which had been established on the basis of Chairman’s Statement at Halifax Summit, adopted the 40 recommendations which included a recommendation on the firearms enforcement as Paragraph 23.( [LAW ENFORCEMENT CONFERENCE, ILLICIT TRAFFIC, National Police Agency]Report of Alien Smuggling Subgroup 12/01/1996

    By

    According to the limited number of the member states and its geographical representation, this technical working group of the G7/P8 seemed to be a convenient frame for a new concrete, pragmatic and global approach of illegal immigration and forged documents phenomenon. [ALIEN SMUGGLING, Chinese immigration, illegal immigration, transnational organized crime, human trafficking]Communique of Meeting of Ministers of Justice and Interior 12/01/1997

    By

    At the Summit of The Eight in Denver, our Heads of State and Government directed us to intensify our efforts to implement the forty recommendations of the Summit of Lyon, in order to combat transnational organized criminal activity posing an ever-greater threat to the individual and collective se [criminal groups, high-tech crimes, organized crime, criminal laws]Keynote Address by U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno on High-Tech and Computer Crime 01/01/1997

    By

    No area of criminal activity is more on the cutting edge or has greater global implications than crime involving technology and computers. The importance of emerging technologies and the significance of global computer networks cannot be overstated. [Cybercrime, domestic law, technology and computers., disrupt telephone networks,]Report of Plenary Session 01/01/1997

    By

    Building upon the achievements of the Canadian and French presidencies, the Lyon Group continued to seek consensus on concrete, practical actions the Group can take to enhance the global effort against transnational organized crime. [promote law enforcement, transnational organized crime., High Tech/Computer Crime.]Analysis of the Implementation Concerning Recommendations Program Drawn Up by the G7/P8 Working Group 01/01/1997

    By

    Faced with the expansion of criminal groups, their changed organizational structure and modi operandi as well as their increasing influence over global economic circuits, international law enforcement community has shown an increasing awareness of the need to develop an organized and systematic i [Transnational Organized Crime, global approach, global economic, multilateral, intergovernmental and supranational fora]Problems of Legislation in the Area of Computer Related Crime 01/01/1997

    By

    The impressive changes in nowadays information society, enhanced by computer technology, telecommunication, entertainment electronics and audiovisualized media growing more and more together, have, with their all embracing impact on administration, the business world and private citizens, become [Cybercrime, telecommunication, entertainment electronics, computer-assisted economic crime]Currently Active Task Groups Concerned with High-Tech & Computer Crime 01/01/1997

    By

    Task groups Concerned with High-Tech & Computer Crime. Some of these groups names are:“European Working Party on Computer Crime – EWPCC”, “International Law Enforcement Telecommunications Seminar – ILETS”, EU K 4 AG Police Cooperation, and “International Organization on Computer Evidenc [Cybercrime, HIGH-TECH, Computer Crime, Training and legislation]April 1997 Meeting Agenda 04/01/1997

    By

    This is a meeting agenda for April 16-18 1997. [Registration, Plenary, Meeting Agenda]Summary of Action Reports on the 40 Recommendations 04/01/1997

    By

    The ACTION ON THE 40 RECOMMENDATIONS. The first was to Review national legislation to ensure it covers problems of transnational crime. The action was to Each of The Eight have undertaken a comprehensive review of national legislation and provided summaries of action taken to one another. [DENVER SUMMIT, terrorist crimes., criminal matters., mutual assistance treaties]World Customs Organization (WCO) Draft Declaration on Transnational Crime 04/01/1997

    By

    ACKNOWLEDGING that transnational crime nearly always concerns the international transportation of illicit goods and/or the proceeds of crime, or conveyances or people, [Transnational organized Crime, border protection, Customs administrations, organized crime]Chairman’s Report on Rome Extradition and Mutual Assistance Subgroup Meeting 03/01/1997

    By

    The Subgroup met for the second time in Rome on March 10-12 and discussed possible practical measures for implementing the P-8 Senior Expert Group Recommendations relating to extradition and legal assistance. [LEGAL ASSISTANCE, Dual criminality, Enhancing familiarity, Witness protection]Report on Bramshill Firearms Subgroup Meeting 04/01/1997

    By

    At the meeting of the P8 Lyon Group in Washington between 21-23 January 1997, the United Kingdom offered to host a meeting of law enforcement managers (senior officers from operational agencies) to:make concise and focused recommendations on good practice; and, discuss proposals for specific proje [ORGANISED CRIME, law enforcement, WEST AFRICAN ORGANISED CRIME, multiple identities]Lyon’s Group Report of the Firearms Subgroup (Draft) 02/03/2002

    By P8 Senior Experts Group on Transnational Organized Crime

    This statement is in keeping with the 40 Recommendations of the P-8 Senior Experts Group on Transnational Organized Crime endorsed by the Chairman’s statement at the Lyon Summit, notably paragraph 28, the latter part of paragraph 5, paragraph 11, paragraph 18, the latter part of paragraph 20, paragr [firearms, terrorism, crime]Draft Agenda for High-Tech Crime Subgroup Meeting 04/01/1997

    By

    This is a draft agenda Meeting of the P-8 Subgroup on High-tech Crime. [High-tech Crime, cybercrime]High-Tech Crime Subgroup Report 04/01/1997

    By

    For most of the first day of the Subgroup meeting, delegations presented their countries’ responses to the above questions, revealing both commonalities and differences. For example,Most countries, but not all, have one or more dedicated computer crime units which focus on computer-related c [computer crime units, Law enforcement, High-Tech Crime , wiretapping, cybercrime]Alien Smuggling Subgroup Report 10/01/1997

    By

    The Border Control subgroup met to discuss how to build on the accomplishments of the previous working groups on Alien Smuggling and Fraudulent Documents. [human trafficking, ALIEN SMUGGLING, Law Enforcement, border agencies.]Council Act Drawing Up the Convention Relating to Extradition Between the Member States of the European Union 01/01/1997

    By

    This is a COUNCIL ACT DRAWING UP THE CONVENTION RELATING TO EXTRADITION BETWEEN THE MEMBER STATES OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. The purpose of this Convention is to supplement the provisions and facilitate the application between the Member States of the European Union. [Convention, Mutual Assistance, Criminal Matters, Extraditable offences, Political offences]Resolution of the Council of 11/23/95 on the Protection of Witnesses in the Fight Against Organized Crime 01/01/1997

    By

    This is the Resolution of the Council on the Protection of Witnesses in the Fight Against Organized Crime. [Protection of Witnesses , Organized Crime, criminal proceedings, Human Rights]The Council of the European Union and the Representatives of the Member States Meeting Within the Council & Working Party on Illegal and Harmful Content on the Internet 01/01/1997

    By

    The need to combat illegal use of the technical possibilities of Internet in particular for offences against children, SUGGEST that special attention continue to be paid by the Commission and Member States to coordination of the efforts of groups working in all the relevant fields. [Justice and Home Affairs;, ILLEGAL AND HARMFUL CONTENT, Telecommunications Ministers, Illegal content]Budget Detail Worksheet – World Justice Information Network: Ukraine / NIS / G8 / UNOJUST 02/01/2002

    By

    This is a budget Detail Worksheet – World Justice Information Network:Ukraine / NIS / G8 / UNOJUST [Ukraine, WJIN continuation, Fringe Benefits , Travel]U.S. – Ukraine Partnerships 02/01/2002

    By

    These are chart and lists of a US – Ukraine partnership. This include topics including:Program Partnership, Inter governmental coordinating council, internation expert working group, Ukranian information network, and other related topics. [U.S. – Ukraine, supreme court, law academy,]UNAFEI Computer Crime Questionnaire 02/01/2002

    By

    This is a questionnaire to collect information about the capabilities of, and current practices in, various Member States regarding the investigation and prosecution of computer-related crime. [Cybercrime, Computer-related Crime, Computer-related Crime, ]Impact By-Laws 02/01/2002

    By

    The mission of IMPACT is to encourage and facilitate the coordinated exchange of ideas, procedures, and specific information for the professional leadership and management of education and training within police agencies. [law enforcement , . Goals and objectives, IMPACT., police training , ]Introduction to IMAPACT 02/01/2002

    By

    In 1996, the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) agreed to collaborate with the Department of State, Anti-terrorism Assistance Program (DOS/ATA) to host a Latin America Training Directors’ Conference in the Glynco, Georgia, area for 18 countries [Federal Law Enforcement , IMAPACT, the DEA and FBI , ]Minutes to October 17, 1998 IMPACT Meeting 10/01/1998

    By

    The Minutes taken to October 17, 1998 IMPACT Meeting. Some of the areas that were covered were Program Committee, Financial Business, old business, and awards committee. [Orlando Business Meeting , soliciting nominations , IMPACT conference]Introductory Note 06/01/1999

    By Mikinao Kitada

    I am very pleased to inform readers that I was appointed Director of UNAFEI, as the successor to Mr. Toichi Fujiwara, on 1 April 1999. As Director, I intend to organize international training programmes, paying the utmost attention to the trends and activities of the United Nations, the needs of [Prevention of Crime, UNAFEI, criminal justice systems, International Cooperation Agency,]Recent Trends of Organized Crime in Europe: Actors, Activities and Policies Against Them 02/01/2002

    By

    This is about Recent Trends of Organized Crime in Europe: Actors, Activities and Policies Against Them. Some of The main topics of this were; EUROPE: A CROWDED MARKET PLACE AND CROSSROADS, MULTIPLICATION OF TRAFFICKING ROUTES AND RAMIFICATIONS OF EUROPEAN KEY POINTS, and ORGANISED CRIME TRENDS IN T [CROWDED MARKET PLACE, TRAFFICKING ROUTES, EUROPEAN KEY POINTS, Illicit and Legitimate Businesses]The Threats Posed by Transnational Crimes and Organized Crime Groups 02/01/2002

    By

    This conference is especially important and timely because in the 1990s, the problems to the world community posed by transnational crimes and organized crime groups have increased significantly and are likely to continue to increase in the near future. [transnational organized crime, smuggling, computers, international criminals, illegal activities]Transnational Smuggling of Aliens and Stolen Vehicles 02/01/2002

    By

    Transnational smuggling is generally regarded as the moving of unmanifested goods across and beyond internationally recognized boundaries defining the sovereignty of countries. The intention is to evade the control on prohibited items or legitimate taxation. [transnational organized crime, human trafficking, car smuggling]The Evolution of Drug Trafficking in the Pacific Rim 02/01/2002

    By

    This paper concerns the evolution of drug trafficking in the Ðàñifiñ Rim and the many changes that have taken place in the drug trafficking scene in this region during the past thirty years. It also covers à persona1 view on the probable evolution of illicit trafficking in the Ðàñifiñ Rim. [drug trafficking, OPIATES, smuggling methods,, drug enforcement officers., CANNABIS]Current Problems in the Combat of Transnational Organized Crime 02/01/2002

    By Dimitris Vlassis

    Law-abiding citizens are becoming increasingly aware of and concerned about common crime. Indeed, the fear of crime seems to permeate our lives. [TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED crime, prevention of crime, Illicit Trafficking]The Organized Crime in India: Problems and Perspectives 02/01/2002

    By Madan Lal Sharma

    India is one of the oldest civilisations with a kaleidoscopic variety and rich cultural heritage. It covers an area of 32.87,263 sq. kms extending from the snow covered Himalayan heights to the tropical rain forests of the south. [Organized Crime , India, The Police and Public Order, CRIME SCENARIO IN INDIA, violent society., law enforcement]General Picture of Organized Crime in Japan: The Activities of Organized Criminal Groups Based in or Outside Japan 02/01/2002

    By Yutaka Nagashima

    In Japan, the recent process of internationalization has brought about an increase of Japanese going abroad, as well as an expansion in the number of visiting foreigners who are permitted to stay for a limited period of time, or are staying illegally in Japan (hereinafter the “visiting fore [ORGANIZED CRIME]Current Problems in the Combat of Transnational Organized Crime: Pakistan Perspective 02/01/2002

    By Tahir Anwar Pasha

    Organized Crime initially synonymous to a certain Italian phenomena like Mafia, Camorra etc., has now extended to cover the whole world and is the most difficult challenge to criminal justice policies. Criminals no longer live within the parameters of national boundaries. It facilitates criminals to [transnational ORGANIZED CRIME, Internet operations, satellite communications, crime syndicates.]Current Situation of Transnational Organized Crime in the Philippines 02/01/2002

    By Alberto Rama Olario

    The maintenance of domestic tranquility and order is one of the principal responsibilities of government. To survive, the Philippines must effectively counteract the corrosive elements that tend to gnaw at its foundation, as well as the insidious forces that seek to undermine it from outside. [fast-rising economic, Organized Crime , DRUG TRAFFICKING, Marijuana Production, transnational organized crime]An Overall Assessment of Transnational Organized Crime 02/01/2002

    By Muammer Yasar Ozgul

    Some factors such as technological progress, easiness of crossing frontiers and transition of the economic policies in countries have encouraged criminal organization and added an international dimension to such crime. [Organized Crime, Mafia , Fight Against Drugs, Drug Production, Trafficking Passing through Turkey, transnational organized crime]Current Situation of Illicit Drug Trafficking 02/01/2002

    By

    No steps can be taken to fight against any menace unless we first gather information and intelligence regarding its current situation and past trends. Drug trafficking figures very prominently in transnational organized crime. The annual profits of organized crime are estimated, according to some [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime]Report of the Seminar Topic 2: Current Situation of Organized Crimes (Except Drug Trafficking) 02/01/2002

    By

    Among the participating countries, Japan and the Philippines manifested the most apparent problem. Japan is à destination of illicit firearms, mostly handguns, from several countries. In the last five (5) years, from 1992 to 1996 à total of 7,261 firearms were seized by the Japanese Police. [Firearms Trafficking, illicit trafficking of women and children,money laundering, transnational economic]Legal Framework against Transnational Organized Crime by Criminal Justice Systems in Different Countries 02/01/2002

    By

    Under the theme of the 108th International Seminar “Current Problems in the Combat of Organized Transnational Crime”, our group was assigned to explore the legal framework against organized transnational crime in different countries’ criminal justice systems. [transnational organized crime, courts]Current Situation of Detection and Investigation 02/01/2002

    By

    Some of the issues discused:Structure and characteristic of investigative organization, its sufficiency in terms of personnel for investigation and devices, Ability and expertise of investigators. [transnational Organized Crime, police, law enforcement]The Importance of the Appropriate Management of Risk and Reintegration Potential 02/01/2002

    By Don A. Andrews

    This paper is concerned in particular with how current research, theory and opinion within the human and social sciences may assist in decision making and practice in relation to risk management and risk reduction. [ON CRIMINAL CONDUCT SOCIAL LEARNING, Antisocial Behavior, Antisocial Attitudes, Major Risk/Need Factors]Community-Based Treatment for Offenders in the Philippines: Old Concepts, New Approaches, Best Practices 02/01/2002

    By Celia Copadocia Yangco

    The reintegration of offenders into their own community and society is one of the universally accepted goals of corrections, whether the latter is carried out in institutions or through non-custodial measures. [detention centers,, COMMUNITY BASED TREATMENT, TREATMENT OF OFFENDERS, Total Family Approach]Effective Treatment Measures for Prisoners and Drug Addicts to Facilitate their Reintegration into Society 02/01/2002

    By Lohman Yew

    It is a fact that the majority of prisoners will return to society at some point in time. The only difference being whether it is at an earlier or later date. Thus, it is very important or at least hoped for, that the time a prisoner spends in an institution would contribute positively to his or [Singapore-Island State, Supreme Court, Penal and Drug History, SINGAPORE PRISON SERVICE]Treatment Programmes for Offenders Run by the Hong Kong Correctional Services 02/01/2002

    By Chung, Wai Man

    Correctional work today is different from that in the past in that it is directed towards offender rehabilitation and social re-integration, and no longer relies mainly on physical incarceration. Hong Kong has developed, in synchronized pace over the years, a penal system which places paramount i [rehabilitation, TREATMENT IN PENAL INSTITUTIONS, OFFENDERS IN HKCS INSTITUTIONS,]Effective Treatment Measures for Prisoners to Facilitate their Re-integration into Society 02/01/2002

    By Yossawan Boriboonthana

    The treatment of Thai prisoners is under the responsibility of the Department of Corrections, Ministry of Interior, which has the duty to take into custody and rehabilitate prisoners through institutional and non-institutional treatment. [prison, CORRECTIONAL TREATMENT, Vocational Training, Academic Education]Rehabilitation Programmes in the Prison to Prevent Prisoners’ Recidivism: The Actual Situation, Problems and Countermeasures 02/01/2002

    By

    There is a notion that rehabilitation programs reduce recidivism quite markedly with some types of offenders in some circumstances. It is not surprising to find that some questions will be raised, for example, with whom they are implemented and under what circumstances the programs work. [prison, corrections, recidivism, Categorized treatment, Treatment programs, Security Problems, Criminal Behavior]Early Release of Prisoners to Facilitate their Re-integration into Society: The Actual Situation, Problems and Countermeasures 02/01/2002

    By

    This group consisted of 8 participants from Bangladesh, Botswana, Japan, Nepal, Pakistan and Philippines. The group is composed of an Assistant Judge, a Psychologist, Social Worker, Police Officer, an Under Secretary; Probation Officer and 2 Prison Officers. [Jail Overcrowding, PROBLEMS AND COUNTERMEASURES, Parole, ]Rehabilitation and Correctional Programmes in the Community to Prevent Recidivism by Discharged Prisoners: The Actual Situation, Problems and Countermeasures 02/01/2002

    By

    The search for effective measures for the rehabilitation of the offender has led the criminal justice world to look beyond the walls of the prisons for programs in the community, which are effective in complementing the rehabilitative efforts of the penal institutions. [prison, corrections, recidivism, Discharged Prisoners, Suspension and Revocation, Aftercare and Guidance, Young Offenders]Review Body for the Government of Australia (Prime Minister for the Status of Women) National Plans of Action: Partnerships Against Domestic Violence 02/01/2002

    By

    At the Summit, Heads of Government endorsed Partnerships Against Domestic Violence, an initiative between the Commonwealth and the States and Territories to work together towards a common goal of preventing domestic violence across Australia. [domestic violence, Australia, Violence and Crime, Implementation details. Cost issues, Violence Against Women]Information on Forum 1998 on National Policies in the Report from the Council of Europe Field of Equality Between Women and Men 02/01/2002

    By

    The plenary sessions and working groups agreed that domestic violence against women has, for too long, been treated as a private, familial matter. It requires immediate and effective state intervention to not only end the violence but also to support women victims and their children and to treat [domestic violence, Equality Between Women and Men, Action and Measures, violence against women,]Comprehensive Domestic Violence Legislation: The Violence in the Family (Prevention and Protection of Victims) Law 1994 02/01/2002

    By

    In 1994, Cyprus proclaimed in force the Violence in the Family (Prevention and Protection of Victims) Law. [Prevention and Protection of Victims, civil law, Domestic Violence Legislation, Violence Against Women]Legislation Prohibiting Dowry: The Dowry Prohibition Act 1961 (Amended in 1984 and 1986) 02/01/2002

    By

    Dowry violence occurs when husbands and their families subject women to physical and mental abuse if women’s payment in lieu of marriage (dowry) is considered to be insufficient. India and other countries such as Bangladesh, prohibit the payment of dowry. [The Dowry Prohibition Act, Penal Code, penalty provisions, judicial proceedings, violence against women]Legislation in India Prohibiting Sati: Indian Sati Regulation Act 1829 and the Indian Penal Code and the Anti-Sati Ordinance (Rajasthan) and the Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act of 1987 02/01/2002

    By

    Sati is the Hindu tradition whereby a wife immolates herself on the husband”s funeral pyre. It predominantly occurs in India. Sati is a crime under the Indian Sati Regulation Act 1829 and the Indian Penal Code. [burning alive, self immolation, Indian Sati Regulation Act, Penal Code, violence against women]India Penal Code & Delhi Council Directive (India) 02/01/2002

    By

    In India, section 509 penal Code establishes the offence of insulting the modesty of a woman, whether by word or conduct. Further, the Delhi Metropolitan Council has criminalised “eve teasing”, which is defined as words, spoken or written or signs or visible representations or gesture [India Penal Code, India, crime, ]Definition of Sexual Harassment: The Federal Australian Act (Australia) 02/01/2002

    By

    A person shall for the purposes of this section, be taken to sexually harass another person if the first-mentioned person makes an unwelcome sexual advance, or an unwelcome request for sexual favours, to the other person, or engages in other unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature in relation to the [Sexual Harassment, sexual nature, sexual favours, Violence Against Women]Council of Europe Model on Rape and Sexual Abuse of Women (Council of Europe) 02/01/2002

    By

    The Ministers of the States participating in the 3rd European Ministerial Conference on Equality between Women and Men, held in Rome on 21-22 October 1993. 2. Considering that rape and sexual abuse are still today, as in the past, used by men to impose their power and authority over women, and as a [Rape and Sexual Abuse, Violence Against Women]Legislative Requirements on Firearm Restrictions Found in the Domestic Violence Act 1995 (New Zealand) 02/01/2002

    By

    In the 1995 New Zealand Domestic Violence Act there are a number of sections that pertain to firearms restrictions. Section 21 contains the standard conditions relating to weapons in terms of protection orders. Section 22 allows courts to dispense with, modify, discharge, or re-impose standard co [Firearm Restrictions, Domestic Violence Act 1995, Violence Against Women]Legislative Requirements on Firearm Restrictions – Queensland Weapons Act 1990 (Australia) 02/01/2002

    By

    Some of the main topics of this are:Power in dangerous situations, Search, Search warrant, and Seizure and detention of weapons, etc., [guns, Firearm Restrictions, police, law enforcement]Legislation to Clarify Police Powers of Entry – Crimes (Domestic Violence) Amendment Act (New South Wales) section 375-379 (Australia) 02/01/2002

    By

    In New South Wales, Australia, under the Crimes (Domestic Violence) Amendment Act, police powers of entry were clarified (s.375F). Police were granted the power to enter premises to investigate the commission of a domestic violence offence, including an offence that was currently occurring or lik [Law enforcement, Domestic Violence, Violence Against Women]Prosecutorial Policy on Domestic Violence: The Policy in the Northern Territory (Australia) 02/01/2002

    By

    The General Order on Domestic Violence adopts a “no drop” policy such that a domestic violence-related prosecution was proceeded with regardless of the victim’s circumstances existed. Further, in order to minimise the trauma to victims of domestic violence, attempts were made where possible to “f [Domestic Violence, Australia, Australian Institute of Criminology, related prosecutions, Violence Against Women]Evidentiary Rules Regarding Spouse Compellable Witness – Evidence Act of 1977 (Queensland) section 8 (Australia) 02/01/2002

    By

    One of the rules is: In a criminal proceeding, each person charged is competent to give evidence on behalf of the defence (whether that person is charged solely or jointly with any other person) but is not compellable to do so. [Spouse Compellable Witness, Evidence Act, criminal proceeding, ]Specific Legislation Relating to Facilitating Testimony of Victims: Victims of Offences Act, 1987 (New Zealand) 02/01/2002

    By

    The New Zealand Victims of Offences Act 1987 directs prosecutors, judicial officers, officials and other persons who deal with victims to treat them with courtesy, compassion and respect for their personal dignity and privacy. [Testimony of Victims, New Zealand, ]Restraining Order: Apprehended Domestic Violence Order in the Crimes (Domestic Violence) Amendment Act (Australia) 02/01/2002

    By Suzanne Hatty

    The grounds for application for an order include the apprehension of a domestic violence offence on the part of the victim, or the apprehension of behaviour such as harassment or molestation which excludes actual or threatened violence. The magistrate issuing the order must be satisfied of the ab [Domestic Violence, criminal offence, Violence Against Women]Protection Orders Under the Domestic Violence Act 1995 (New Zealand) 02/01/2002

    By

    In the 1995 Domestic Violence Act in New Zealand, there are a number of sections setting out the scope and procedures for applying for protection orders. The following extract is taken from the text of the legislation. [Domestic Violence, Protection Orders, New Zealand, Physically or sexually abuse, Violence Against Women]Specialised Unit Providing Legal Assistance to Women – Domestic Violence Legal Unit (Australia) 02/01/2002

    By

    The Domestic Violence Legal Unit aim to advise and assist women through the legal channels available to them. The Unit may do this by:Speaking to the police on behalf of clients, to ensure that appropriate criminal charges are laid against the person who has been violent or threatened physical viol [Legal Assistance, restraining order hearings, Criminal Injuries Compensation, domestic violence, violence against women]Investigative Techniques of Specialised Police Stations – All Women Police Stations (India) 02/01/2002

    By O.C. Sharma

    Although the success of women cops in dealing with the cases in which a woman is either the complainant or the accused is still being debated by the state police officials, the experiment certainly proved a trend-setter. Kerala itself now has three Vanitha Police Stations. [Specialised Police Stations, law enforcement]Investigative Techniques by Specialise Units in Police Stations – Womens Crime Cells (India) 02/01/2002

    By O.C. Sharma

    Women cells which exclusively take up complaints from women in matters of dowry and harassment or other allied matters, have been constituted in some big cities to pay particular attention to crimes against women. [Womens Crime Cells, Indian Penal Code, police stations, crimes against women, Violence Against Women, law enforcement]Women’s Commission in India (India) 02/01/2002

    By

    The Government of India has already set up the Women Commission and the move is now on to constitute a Human Rights Commission. The Government of West Bengal has also set up the Women Commission, and sooner or later, the other State Governments will follow the suit. Such commissions would hencefo [human rights, Women Commission, victims, police attitude, women accused, law enforcement]Domestic Violence Incident Forms (Australia) 02/01/2002

    By

    Frequent and sustained criticism of the police response to male violence has often led to the reappraisal of police policy and procedures. One means of attempting to improve the police response, particularly the conception of violence against women and the degree of police accountability, has inv [Domestic Violence, Australia, Evaluation., police, Violence Against Women, law enforcement]Domestic Violence Units (Australia) 02/01/2002

    By

    Perhaps the most significant achievement of the Northern Territory Police with regard to policing domestic violence has been the establishment of the Domestic Violence Unit (DVU). The DVU was set up for a six-month pilot period beginning in August 1994 to provide operational police officers and v [Domestic Violence, Violence Against Women]International Association of Law Enforcement Intelligence Analysts: IALEIA Code of Ethics 02/01/2002

    By

    A code of ethical behaviour is set forth herewith for the purpose of providing guidance in achieving a desirable individual and group standard. members of IALEIA will not:Unnecessarily delay, refuse, or fail to carry out a proper directive or assigned duty. Act or make promises or commitments on beh [Law enforcement in criminal, dishonest, disreputable, IALEIA Code of Ethics]Rape-Sentencing Guidelines as Laid out in Case Law: R v. Billam and Others (United Kingdom) 02/01/2002

    By

    In the present case, [1986] 1 W.L.R. 349, the following new guidelines on appropriate sentences for rape and attempted rape were laid down by the Court of Appeal. 2. For rape committed by an adult without any aggravating or mitigating features, 5 years should be taken as the starting point in a con [United Kingdom, Court of Appeal, attempted rape, Violence Against Women]Offender Treatment Programmes: CHANGE Project (Scotland) 02/01/2002

    By Dobash, Rebecca and Russell Dobash

    The CHANGE project works with men on probation who are directed to attend the project by order of the court. The men’s programme began in 1990. It offers a group approach designed to ensure that the offender take responsibility for his own actions. [social workers, Cost issues, Implementation details, Evaluation, ]Domestic Violence Intervention Project in Hammersmith, London (United Kingdom) 02/01/2002

    By

    This project was piloted in London based on the Duluth model of coordinated community intervention. The Domestic Violence Intervention Project provides a Women’s Support Service (WSS) for women who have suffered or are suffering domestic violence and A Violence Prevention Programme (VPP) fo [domestic violence, Violence Prevention Programme, London Probation Service, Violence Against Women]Legislation Setting Out Standards of Services to Victims of Crime Victim’s Charter, 1996 (United Kingdom) 02/01/2002

    By

    It sets out improved and extended standards of service to victims. It tells victims what level of service they should expect from the police, the courts and other agencies from the moment they report a crime. [Victim Support, Victims of Crime, HELP FROM THE POLICE, VICTIM SUPPORT, , law enforcement]The Musasa Project – NGO Providing Counselling, Research and Training to Combat Violence Against Women (Zimbabwe) 02/01/2002

    By

    The Musasa Project was set up to take action on the problem of violence against women in Zimbabwe. Through counselling, support, consciousness raising, public education, and training, the organization aims to empower women who have been raped or beaten to mobilize the community on these issues. [Violence Against Women, empower women, MUSASAS ROLE, Legal Counselling]Women’s Aid Services in the United Kingdom (United Kingdom) 02/01/2002

    By Hague & Malos

    Through the provision of support and education Women’s Aid services aim to empower women who have been victims of male violence. [Violence Against Women]Women’s Aid Organization in Malaysia (Malaysia) 02/01/2002

    By

    The fundamental belief of Women’s Aid Organization (WAO) as outlined by its Executive Secretary, Ivy N. Josiah, is that no one deserves to be battered, all human beings have the right to self determination and should have control over the conditions that shape their lives. [Womens Aid Organization, Refuge, Face to Face Counselling, Telephone Counselling, Violence Against Women]St Marys Centre: The Manchester Model (United Kingdom) 02/01/2002

    By Roberts, Raine Dr.

    The St Mary’s Centre was established in 1986 after a working party, consisting of representatives of the police, police surgeons, St Mary’s administrators, nursing management, a consultant gynaecologist and a consultant psychiatrist, was set up to discuss the feasibility of setting up [Sexual Assault Referral Centre, victims of assault, Confidentiality:, Ethnicity, Violence Against Women]Crisis and Counselling Services Help & Shelter (Guyana) 02/01/2002

    By

    The group was particularly concerned about the high incidence of violence, alcoholism and poverty in Guyana, the increase in family instability and decrease in family support resulting from the increase in emigration and the lack of help available to persons wishing to leave abusive situations an [domestic violence, abused women, Help & Shelter,Crisis & Counselling Service, Violence Against Women]One Stop Centre Malaysia – Protocols for Hospital Personnel: 02/01/2002

    By Ivy Josiah,

    In 1994, a protocol called Inter-agency Networking for the Management of Battered Women i.e. a One Stop Crisis Centre, was established for victims seeking treatment and all forms of help. [Womens Aid Organization, One Stop Crisis Centre, Malaysia, Violence Against Women]A Manual on Human Rights Training for the Police Developed by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Centre for Human Rights (United Nations) 02/01/2002

    By

    A reference manual for police regarding the lawful and humane performance of their duties in a democratic society. It contains hundreds of relevant standards, uses common language and is drawn from more than 30 international sources. [Human Rights, law enforcement, Police duties, management and control]Guidelines for Police Training on Violence Against Women and Child Sexual Abuse by the Commonwealth Secretariat (United Kingdom) 02/01/2002

    By

    All regions of the Commonwealth share a common problem: violence against women and children. this violence, which takes various forms – physical, sexual, psychological – although sometimes perpetuated by strangers, is far more frequently inflicted by those with whom women and children should have [Police Training, Violence Against Women, , law enforcement]Training for the Judiciary (Council of Europe) 02/01/2002

    By

    A training programme for the judiciary was devised to meet two basic training needs: the need for information (demography, cultural characteristics of the principal minority ethnic communities); and the need for personal awareness of how ignorance, misunderstanding or use of inappropriate languag [Council of Europe, violence against women, Racially motivated attacks, ]Research Methods in Australia: Violence Against Women Indicators Project (Australia) 02/01/2002

    By Judy Putt and Karl Higgin

    The Violence Against Women Indicators Project (VAWIP) commenced at the Australian Institute of Criminology in 1995 with the objective of coordinating research on the criminal justice response to violence against women so that the Government would have reliable national data for the development of [Violence against Women, Australia, criminal justice system., ]Education as a Tool to Combat Violence Against Women: Passport to Equality (UNESCO) 02/01/2002

    By

    In order to implement and inform the public about the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) which deals with women”s rights, especially women”s fundamental right to education, focus is placed on introducing legal literacy at all levels of education (popularizing [Violence Against Women, national laws, International Women”s Day, ]Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Violence Against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 02/01/2002

    By

    The multifaceted nature of violence against women suggests that different strategies are required for different manifestations of violence and the various settings in which it occurs. The practical measures, strategies and activities described below can be introduced in the field of crime prevent [VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN, CRIME PREVENTION AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE, CRIMINAL LAW, ]Bibliography 02/01/2002

    By

    This is a bibliography on violence. [Sexual Abuse, Developing & Evaluating Justice, Sexual Harassment, Crimes Against Women, Violence Against Women]Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement – R. Rand Beers Statement before the House International Relations March 31, 1998, Washington, DC 03/01/1998

    By R. Rand Beers

    We have reached a point in our Andean programs where it appears possible, for the first time, to have a serious impact on the supply of illegal drugs to the United States. Success in decreasing coca cultivation in Bolivia and Peru, coupled with the willingness ofthe Colombian National Police (CNP) [narcotics trafficking , drug trafficking, Law Enforcement , Colombia]U.S. Assistance to Colombia: Statement by Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright 01/01/2000

    By Madeleine K. Albright

    Our initiative has five elements, to be funded through a supplemental appropriations request for the year 2000, and as part of the President’s budget for the next fiscal year. [National Drug Control Policy, Colombia, human rights crimes, policy and law]Statement by Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright U.S. Assistance to Colombia 02/01/2002

    By Madeleine K. Albright

    We have a profound interest in helping Colombia to achieve these closely-linked goals. Four-fifths of the cocaine entering our country either comes from Colombia or is transported through it. [policy and law, human rights crimes, law enforcement , judicial officials]Western Hemisphere has Forged Anti-Drug Alliance, Says McCaffrey 11/01/1999

    By Lauren Monsen

    As one of the sponsors of the upcoming Western Hemisphere Drug Policy Leadership Conference, the United States believes that “cooperation [with neighboring countries] better serves our interests than confrontation,” says Gen. Barry McCaffrey, director of the White House Office of National Drug C [Drug Policy , illicit drugs, drug-consumption patterns, Combatting drug use]Rand Beers Assistant Secretary for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs Statement before the Senate Caucus on International Narcotics Control Washington, DC, September 21, 1999 09/01/1999

    By Rand Beers

    It is difficult to describe the current situation in Colombia without sounding alarmist. Colombia”s national sovereignty is increasingly threatened — not from anti-democratic elements in the military or the political sphere, but from well-armed and ruthless guerrillas, paramilitaries, and the nar [Law Enforcement , narcotics trafficking , monitoring and enforcement , Colombia]R. Rand Beers, Assistant Secretary Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Statement at the U.S.-EU Consultative Group Meeting Brussels, Belgium, November 10, 1998 11/01/1998

    By R. Rand Beers

    The Special Session underscored that no nation is immune from drug abuse. As Congressman Gilman said in his statement, “We are all targets.” The wholesale price for cocaine is higher in Europe than in the United States [drug trafficking , law enforcement, illegal drug trade , coca cultivation]U.S. Counternarcotics Efforts in the Western Hemisphere 03/01/1999

    By Rand Beers

    The State Department, through its Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, is waging an aggressive attack against the scourge of international narcotics trafficking [combat narcotics trafficking , National Drug Control Policy , Fighting The Drug War ]Clinton Reports to Congress on Drug-Producing Countries 11/01/1999

    By WILLIAM J. CLINTON

    In a November 10 letter to four major Congressional Committee chairmen, the President said he has removed Aruba and Belize from the list of major drug-producing countries [drug-producing countries, drug transit , economic factors , ]U.S. Senators Introduce Comprehensive Aid Plan for Colombia 02/01/2002

    By

    The Anti-Drug Alliance with Colombia and the Andean Region of 1999 is designed to promote peace and stability in Colombia and the Latin American region. [Anti-Drug Alliance , human rights , counter-narcotics operations, monitoring assistance]Introduction to the Compendium of Best Practices 02/01/2002

    By

    The Compendium of Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Violence Against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice is designed as a companion instrument to a Resource Manual. [Criminal Justice, Crime Prevention, Criminal Law Reform, Violence Against Women]Department of Defense Official Testifies on Aid to Colombia 02/01/2000

    By

    The drug-related violence in Colombia has become a major destabilizing factor in the Western Hemisphere, says a senior Defense Department official, pointing out that “drug abuse is an undeniable threat to our national security that is measured in thousands of lives lost and costing our country b [Defense Official Testifies , drug-related violence , National Drug Control, disrupt illegal cocaine ]U.S. Drug Control Budget Announced for Fiscal Year 2001 02/01/2000

    By

    McCaffrey cited several key accomplishments in the nation’s fight against illicit drugs on which this budget will build. “Our most important success is that we are beginning to meet our number one goal of driving the demand for drugs downward, especially among our young people. [illicit drugs, narco-traffickers, Drug Control Budget, fighting drug abuse ]U.S. Anti-Drug Interdiction Efforts and the Western Hemisphere Drug Elimination Act 09/01/1998

    By

    What this bill is intended to do is to bring back that balance, a balance that historically we have had between the three major components of an anti-drug effort. A balanced drug control plan is one that makes a strong commitment in three areas. [Anti-Drug Interdiction , prevention, treatment and education, law enforcement ]Feburary 8, 200 Meeting of U.S.-India Counterterrorism Working Group 02/01/2000

    By

    “The two sides expressed concern at the growing menace of international terrorism, extremism, and drug trafficking,” State Department Spokesman James P. Rubin said in a statement after the meeting [international terrorism, extremism, and drug trafficking]Foreign Terrorist Organizations Designations by Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright 10/01/1999

    By Madeleine K. Albright

    Of these, 27 were redesignations, organizations placed on the list two years ago and remaining on the list. Redesignation is a positive act and represents a decision by the Secretary of State that the organization still meets the criteria specified in law. The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penal [Terrorist Organizations, Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act , Al-Qaida, led by Usama bin Ladin]U.S. Official Notes Decline in Middle East Terrorism 11/01/1999

    By

    Sheehan noted that the U.S. has “established more effective counterterrorist cooperation with more countries than ever before” in the Middle East and South Asia. While the situation in the Middle East is improving, the United States is “confronting new problems and new challenges in South Asia,” Sh [fighting terrorism, al Qa’ida network , anti-American terrorism , Counterterrorism]Fact Sheet: U.S. Anti-Corruption Initiative 11/01/1999

    By

    A major change in the international community’s approach to corruption has taken place. A few years ago, discussion of corruption was in many contexts taboo, Now the World Bank openly calls corruption an impediment to economic growth. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Counci [ANTI-CORRUPTION , corruption, organized crime, combat corruption, addressing corruption ]Anti-Drug Operation in Caribbean 10/01/1999

    By Michael S. Vigil

    The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has announced the “successful conclusion” of a 12-day anti-drug operation in the Caribbean Basin. [U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration , ]U.S. Official Outlines Strategy to Curb World’s Illicit Drug Problem 02/01/2002

    By Judy Aita

    The use of cannabis is being abused by larger groups around the world, fueled by easy availability of very potent varieties, including varieties grown indoors, and by sales of seeds and paraphernalia over the Internet, according to the 1999 annual report of the International Narcotics Control Board [Illicit Drug Use, cocaine trafficking, cocaine trafficking, ]U.S.-India Counterterrorism Working Group 02/01/2000

    By

    The inaugural meeting of the U.S.-India Counterterrorism Working Group, announced in January 2000 following meetings between Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott and India’s Foreign Minister Jaswant Singh in London, was held February 8 in Washington. [international terrorism, India Counterterrorism , drug trafficking, extremism]U.S. Anti-Drug Interdiction Efforts and the Western Hemisphere Drug Elimination Act 09/01/1998

    By

    From 1992 to 1997, youth, aged 12 to 17, using illegal drugs has more than doubled, 120 percent, with a 27-percent increase from 1996 to 1997 alone. On September 1, 1998, a Back to School 1998, CASAT survey conducted by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, at Columbia University, w [illicit drug use , drug legalization, ]John Holum and Norman Wulf on Nuclear Non-Proliferation 11/01/1999

    By John Holum and Norman Wulf

    The failure of the U.S. Senate to ratify the CTBT he termed a “detour,” not a reversal. “We are not changing course. This was a very abbreviated debate brought up in an unfortunate partisan circumstance that didn’t allow members of the Senate to examine the treaty closely,” Holum said. [Anti-Ballistic Missile , Biological Weapons Convention , Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty ]State Department on Thai Seizure of 126 Kilograms of Heroin 01/01/2000

    By JAMES P. RUBIN

    Law enforcement authorities in Thailand seized 126 kilograms of heroin last week at Bangkok’s Don Muang airport before it could be shipped to North America. This was not a chance occurrence. [Law enforcement , trafficking, Thai Police , Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs]UNICEF Condemns Child Sex Trafficking 01/01/2000

    By

    Bellamy challenged law enforcement authorities to face the problem and “to enforce both their national laws and to accept their obligations under the Convention on the Rights of the Child.” That treaty, legally binding on all the governments of the Asia-Pacific region, requires governments to pr [United Nations Children’s Fund , law enforcement , sex trafficking , protect children ]Statement of Dr. Louise I. Shelley before the House of Representatives’ Committee on International Relations, October 1, 1997 02/01/2002

    By Dr. Louise I. Shelley

    In this article, I say that organized crime will be a defining issue of the 21st century as the cold war was for the 20th century and that colonialism was for the 19th century. Transnational organized crime will proliferate because crime groups are the major beneficiaries of globalization. [Transnational Crime , organized crime, International Relations,]Rules of Procedure for the International Criminal Court: Problems to Address in Light of the Experience of the ad hoc Tribunals 02/01/2002

    By Vladimir Tochilovsky

    The Statute itself is a child of compromises. One of them is a compromise between commonlaw and civil-law forms of adjudication. Damaš ka provides the following “core meaning” of the two systems: “the adversarial mode of proceedings takes its shape from a contest or a disput [adjudication, guilty plea, criminal litigation, Trial Chamber, PROSECUTION]Sex and Transnational Crime: Women in the Criminal Justice System 02/01/2002

    By James O. Finckenauer, Ph.D., Jennifer L. Schrock

    The involvement of women in crime and in the criminal justice system is growing. While the increasing presence of women as victims and offenders, as well as criminal justice practitioners, has triggered more attention from the research and policy communities, the number and complexity of the issues [WOMEN IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM ,international law enforcement agencies, criminal justice response, Violence Against Women]Dynamics and Structure of Non-Custodial Punishment 02/01/2002

    By Victor N. Dryomin

    The article is devoted to state of punishments not connected with imprisonment in Ukraine. Noting that the level of criminalization of society characterizes its democratization, the author shows main tendencies in dynamics of punishments not connected with imprisonment comparing them with other cou [criminalization, democratization, Ukraine, Non-Custodial Punishment]El proceso penal en Honduras 02/01/2002

    By

    [law enforcement, courts]The Criminal Process in Honduras 02/01/2002

    By

    [law enforcement, courts]Compendio de resultados del censo juridico procesal penitenciario 02/01/2002

    By

    [corrections]Summary of results of the national correctional judicial procedural census 02/01/2002

    By

    [corrections]National Plan of Integrated Attention to Children of Inmates in Ecuador 1998 02/01/2002

    By

    [families of prisoners, corrections]Plan Nacional de atencion integral a ninos, ninas y adolescentes, hijos de privados de libertad 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles]Grado de adecuacion de la legislacion penal de menores de 18 anos vigente en Colombia a la Convencion sobre Derechos del Nino 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles]Adjustment of the criminal law in force in Colombia for children under the age of 18 to the Convention on the Rights of Children 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles]Os adolescentes a a Lei 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles]Sistemas Penitenciarios y alternativas a la prision en America Latina y el Caribe 02/03/2002

    By

    [prisons, corrections, alternatives to incarceration]Structures, Strategies and Tactics of Transnational Criminal Organisations 03/01/2000

    By Dr Margaret Beare

    In trying to decide what to focus on in this opening presentation I found myself wandering from one critical issue to the next, losing in the process any remnant of a coherent paper. [Transnational Crime, Dissecting the Activity, Criminal Markets, Evaluating Transnational Crime Threats]Correuption in International Banking and Financial Systems 03/01/2000

    By Lynne Walker

    Money laundering made easy. If you are a criminal, corruption in a bank takes a lot of the worry out of laundering your illicit funds. [US Central Intelligence Agency, Banking and Financial Systems, Support of terrorism, arms trafficking,]People Smuggling in Global Perspective 03/01/2000

    By Fiona David

    First, it is possible to identify certain trends in relation to people smuggling and trafficking. For example:Where people are coming from, and where they are going to;Why they proceed down this dangerous path;And how they do it. [human trafficking, migrate illegally, Transnational Organized Crime, violence against women]International Traffic in Firearms 03/01/2000

    By Jenny Mouzos

    The unauthorised movement of firearms across national borders presents a significant problem. Firstly, firearms can be important as instruments of crime, favoured by criminal elements, and secondly, their widespread availability poses a threat to the sovereignty of some states. [movement of firearms, Illegal Firearms, Transnational Issues, Asia-Pacific Region]Transnational Crime in the 21st Century 03/01/2000

    By John Broome

    The topic of transnational crime has attracted a great deal of interest, particularly over the last decade. The rise in the analysis of transnational crime and its coincidental links to the end of the cold war. [transnational crime, law enforcement, organised crime, National Crime Authority, ]Adolescentes y justicia penal 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles]Adolescents and Criminal Justice: Criminal Policy Proposal in Chile 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles]Hacia la construccion de un sistema de capacitacion judicial de calidad 02/01/2002

    By Frank Alvarado Cespedes, Carmen Blanco Melendez, Carlos Mendez Cede?o, Carlos Retana Padilla, Ana Tristan Sanchez

    [corrections, courts, law enforcement]Situacion actual de ninas, ninos y adolescentes que viven junto a sus padres privados de libertad en los Centros de Rehabilitacion Social del Ecuador. Informe Final y Resumen Gerencial 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles]Current situation of the children and adolescents who live with their parents in the Social Rehabilitation Centers of Ecuador. Final Report and Management Summary 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles]Adolescents and the Law 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles]Justicia Penal Juvenil y Derechos Humanos en Venezuela: ninos, ninas y adolescentes privados de libertad 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles]Juvenile Criminal Justice in Venezuela: Children and adolescents deprived of freedom 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles]Laws, Regulating Fight Against Crime Need Perfection (Bankers Opinion) 02/01/2002

    By

    [economic crime, law enforcement, police]Reducing crime and fear using two-way radio in communities. 02/01/2002

    By Martin Wright

    This paper will discuss the national debate surrounding crime reduction, police patrol and public reassurance within the context of radio links. It will relate the story of the development of three such systems, primarily within the West Midlands Police area and review the research into their effect [crime and disorder , safer communities , symbolic reassurance , Office Police Research Group , law enforcement]Property Crime Tendencies in Rural Areas 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime patterns]Development of Internal Affairs Bodies for Combating Economic Crime (historical survey) 02/01/2002

    By

    [economic crime, international cooperation]Terrorism: Criminal Law Definition 02/01/2002

    By

    [terrorism]Legal Aspects of Judicial Corruption 02/01/2002

    By

    [courts, judges]Computer Theft: Actus Reus of the Crime 02/01/2002

    By

    [Cybercrime]Seminar on Issues in the Fight Against Economic Crime in Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By

    [economic crime]Victimological prevention of traffic offences 02/01/2002

    By

    [victims, human trafficking]Del reves al derecho: la condicion juridica de la infancia en America Latina. Bases para una reforma legislativa 02/01/2002

    By

    [juvenile courts]Backward to forwards: the judicial condition of children in Latin America. Bases for legislative reform. 02/01/2002

    By

    [juvenile courts]Methods Used by Drug-Dealers for Legalizing Dirty Money 02/01/2002

    By

    [drug, money laundering, transnational organized crime]Legal Regulation of Managing Penitentiary Institutions for Juvenile Offenders 02/01/2002

    By

    [juvenile prisoners, corrections]Problems of legal treatment of murder for hire 02/01/2002

    By

    [homicide, transnational organized crime]The Organized Transnational Criminality and Role of Law Enforcement Authorities in the Counteraction 02/01/2002

    By

    [transnational organized crime, police, law enforcement]Characteristics of Female Offending in Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By

    [female offenders, corrections, prisons]Prosecutorial Supervision of Criminal Investigations 02/01/2002

    By

    [police, law enforcement, criminla investigation]The Nature, Goals and Motivation of Delinquent Behavior in the Youth Community 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles]Psychological Analysis of Custodial Violations by Female Inmates 02/01/2002

    By

    [prisons, corrections, female offenders]Violent Crime by Youth Gangs and its Prevention 02/01/2002

    By

    [gangs, crime prevention]Apprehending The Persons That Have Committed Crimes As The Circumstance Excluding Criminality Of Act 02/01/2002

    By

    [police, law enforcement]The Role of the Leader of a Criminal Group 02/01/2002

    By

    [gangs, organized crime, transnational organized crime]Juvenile’s Age Under 14 Delinquency 02/01/2002

    By

    [juvenile delinquency prevention]The Unconscious as a Mechanism in Antisocial Behavior 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention]Economic Crime Prevention: Commercial and Legal Methods (review of round table) 02/01/2002

    By

    [economic crime]Motivation of Crime Among Young Women and Challenges in their Rehabilitation 02/01/2002

    By

    [female offenders, corrections, recidivism]Money-Laundering: Criminal, Legal and Comparative Aspects 02/01/2002

    By

    [money laundering]Contemporary problems of combating crime and urbanization 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention]Combating organized crime in the Capital of Ukraine: Its state and some problems 02/01/2002

    By

    [organized crime]Money-laundering: International Criminal Law Aspects Of The Problem 02/01/2002

    By

    [money laundering, international law]Criminology: Traditions and Innovations 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention]On Introduction of Criminological Evaluation in Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention]Greedy Financial And Economic Crime As A Menace To Democratic Reforms 02/01/2002

    By

    [economic crime]Organized Group Versus Criminal Organization: Qualifying Features And Definitions (Ciminal Law Aspects) 02/01/2002

    By

    [gangs, transnational organized crime, ]Shadow Economy as Infrastructure of Organized Crime: Essence, Tendencies, Criminal and Legal Aspects 02/01/2002

    By

    [organized crime, economic crime]Legal issues of combating computer crime 02/01/2002

    By

    [Cybercrime]Peculiarities of criminological characteristics of murders for hire 02/01/2002

    By

    [homicide]Co-operation among prejudicial inquiry agencies in suspended criminal cases as a form of combating crime 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention]Family upbringing in Ukraine: ways of improvement under juvenile delinquency prevention aspect 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention, juveniles]Arms Trafficking 02/01/2002

    By

    [trafficking]The Role of the Tax Police in the Prevention of Tax Evasion 02/01/2002

    By

    [fraud, economic crime]Crime in the Area of Foreign Trade: Criminological Analysis and Prevention 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention, international law, trafficking]Criminological Aspects of Fraud 02/01/2002

    By

    [fraud]Criminological and Legal Characteristics of Criminal Organizations 02/01/2002

    By

    [gangs, transnational organized crime]Some aspects of the growth of smuggling and customs authorities measures in combating it 02/01/2002

    By

    [trafficking]Some problems in combating organized crime 02/01/2002

    By

    [organized crime]Corruption and economic crime in modern Ukraine: its impact on the national security of the state 02/01/2002

    By

    [economic crime, corruption]Contract killing: some sides of criminological characteristic and problems of qualification. 02/01/2002

    By

    [homocide]Results of Anti-Corruption Measures 02/01/2002

    By

    [human rights, corruption]Libertad asistida: alternativa a la privacion de libertad de ninos, ninas y adolescentes en conflicto con la ley penal 02/01/2002

    By

    [alternatives to incarceration, corrections, prisons]Assisted freedom, an alternative to the privation of freedom for children and adolescents in conflict with the penal law 02/01/2002

    By

    [alternatives to incarceration, corrections, prisons]Codigo Penal de Argentina 02/01/2002

    By

    [criminal justice system]Penal Code of Argentina 02/01/2002

    By

    [law enforcement, police]U.S.-Mexico Counternarcotics Cooperation 02/01/1999

    By Rand Beers

    The U.S. and Mexico are linked by history, culture, and, through the border, by geography. About 6 million of your constituents were born in Mexico and about 1 in every 16 of your constituents are of Mexican descent. More than a half million of your constituents voted for you by absentee ballot fro [law enforcement, counternarcotics, illicit drugs, Border violence]Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Vioence Against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice: Police 02/01/2002

    By

    As the initial point of contact between most victims and the justice system, police play a pivotal role in assuring an effective and consistent response to violence agianst women. [Consistent Enforcement, arrest & charging , monitoring & accountability, legal council, Violence Against Women]Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Vioence Against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice: Sentencing and Corrections 02/01/2002

    By

    In many member states, the maximum penalties for criminal offenses are typically set high enough to adequetly punish the worst imaginable example of the crime and the criminal and as a result they result they provide only limited guidance to sentacing judges in more typcal cases. [Violence Against Women, policy guidelines, strengthing appelate, diversion, aboriginal approaches]Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Vioence Against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice: Victim Support and Assistance 02/01/2002

    By

    Among the principles and practices advocated in these documents are the following:the need for the views and concerns of the victims to be considered, the need to protect the safety of victims; the right to restitution or compensation. [Violence Against Women, victim support & assistance, formal complaints, redress of harm, gender sensitive court procedures]Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Vioence Against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice: Health and Social Services 02/01/2002

    By

    An article about section 11(a) of the model strategies dealing with violence against women. [Violence against women, victims of violence]Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Vioence Against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice: Training 02/01/2002

    By

    An article about section 12 of the model strategies concerning violence against women. [Violence against women]Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Vioence Against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice: Research and Evaluation 02/01/2002

    By

    An article about section 13 of the model strategies which deals with violence against women. [Violence against women]Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Vioence Against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice: Crime Prevention Measures 02/01/2002

    By

    An article about Section 14 of the model strategies and practical measures on the elimination of violence against women. [domestic violence, victims of crime, violence against women]Clemency for Convicts in Ukraine: Issues in Legal Regulation 02/01/2002

    By

    []Legal Nature of International Human Rights Standards 02/01/2002

    By

    []The Role of the Prevention of Victimization in Crime Prevention Efforts 02/01/2002

    By

    [victims of crime, crime prevention]The Issue of Crimes Latency Etiology at the Theoretical and Methodological Level 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime latency]Problems of combating the organized crime 02/01/2002

    By

    []The Use of the Institution of Administrative Responsibility in the Fight against Corruption 02/01/2002

    By

    [corruption]Criminological aspects of urbanization 02/01/2002

    By

    []Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power: its Implementation in the National Legislation 02/01/2002

    By

    [victims’ rights]Prevention of corruption and organised crime in general and the activity of special Coordination committees in Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By

    [organized crime, crime prevention]Mafia Against Unrestrained Abuse 02/01/2002

    By

    [transnational organized crime]The legal aspect of the issues of computer crime 02/01/2002

    By

    [Cybercrime]Organized crime and the necessity to prevent the organized crime groups activities 02/01/2002

    By

    [organized crime]General Characteristics of Crime Rate Factors in the Financial and Credit Sector of Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime patterns, economic crime]Privatization: Processes Assisting the Growth of Criminality and Counter-Measures 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime patterns]Counterfeiting: Influence on the Criminogenic Situation 02/01/2002

    By

    [counterfeiting, crime patterns]Mercenary Financial Economic Crimes Threat to the Democracy 02/03/2002

    By

    [economic crimes]Criminal Justice in Responding to Crimes of Violence Against women and Children: Strategies, Implementation and the Significant Roles of Healthcare service, Social worker, Social welfare 11/01/1999

    By Office of the Attorney General of Thailand

    A summary of the workshop on criminal justice in responding to crimes of violence against women and children. [Victims of Crime, Domestic Violence, Violence Against Women]National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center Vision, Mission and Strategy 01/01/1999

    By Wayne P. Williams

    A slide show presentation about NCTP vision, mission, and strategy. It is an electronic crimes needs assessment workshop [Cybercrime]Mission Possible: The Southeast Europe Anti-Crime Center 10/01/2000

    By Matteo Pederzoli

    By fighting pressing problems such as trafficking in women, narcotics trafficking, and the smuggling of stolen goods, which have all increased dramatically in the region during the last 10 years, the anti-crime center is meant to strengthen the stability and economic development of Southeastern [Trafficking in women,Narcotics Trafficking, Drugs and Crime, violence against women]Bases for the New Juvenile Criminal Justice Legislation of Nicaragua: Juridical and Sociological Diagnostic of the Existing System (Diagnostic for Study) 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles]Bases para la nueva legislacion penal juvenil de la Provincia de Santa Fe, Argentina: Diagnostico juridico y sociologico del sistema vigente 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles]Las Lineas Torcidas Del Derecho 02/01/2002

    By YADIRA CALVO

    Uno de los objetivos del Programa Mujer, Justicia y Genero del ILANUD es dar a conocer el androcentrismo – cuando no misoginia -en la administracion de justicia con la esperanza de disminuir la injusticia que se imparte cuando las mujeres nos relacionamos de una u otra manera con el sistema legal. [courts, female offenders, women-crimes against]Human Rights, Incarcerated Children and Adolescents: Juridical and Sociological Study of Guatemala 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles, corrections, prisons, international law]Human Rights, Incarcerated Children and Adolescents: Juridical and Sociological Diagnostic of Honduras 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles, corrections, prisons, international law]Linguistic Sexism and Juridical Language 02/01/2002

    By

    [courts]U.S.-Colombia Cooperation on Counter-Drug Programs Substantial funding 08/01/2000

    By The White House – Office of the Press Secretary

    The White House issued a fact sheet on August 30, outlining the counter-drug components of U.S. aid to Colombia. [Drugs and Crime, Counter-drug programs,Columbia]When gender is made an issue, changes are brought about: methodology for the analysis of gender in the legal phenomenon 02/01/2002

    By

    [courts, female offenders]The situation of crime and security of the inhabitants in the countries of Latin America 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention]La Justicia como garante de los derechos humanos en Costa Rica: la vision de la Defensoria de los Habitantes de la Republica 02/01/2002

    By

    [human rights]The standing of the judge in Costa Rica 02/01/2002

    By

    [judges, courts]Economic Update 05/01/1999

    By

    Dnester is backward due to the conservatism of the local legislative power. [Tiraspol, Transnistrian administration.]The Criminal Process 02/01/2002

    By

    [courts, law enforcement]El proceso penal en Brasil 02/01/2002

    By

    [courts, law enforcement]The Criminal Process in Costa Rica 02/01/2002

    By

    [courts, law enforcement, police]The Criminal Process in El Salvador 02/01/2002

    By

    [courts, law enforcement, police]Tiraspol Shirks Solution of Security Zone Demilitarization Problem 02/01/2002

    By

    The JCC is expected to consider proposals for concerning the demilitarization and to work out a concrete plan of reducing the military presence in the zone. [Transnistrian settlement, demilitarization, illegality, peacekeeping]Criminal policy amid security policy and social policy 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime, law, courts, police, law enforcement]OSCE Mission Representatives Meet With Transnistrian Parliamentarians 02/01/2002

    By

    The Head of the OSCE Permanent Mission to Moldova, John Evans, and Mission member Gotfried Hanne met with deputies of the Transnistrian supreme soviet [parliament]. [parliamentary committee , law, citizens’ rights and freedoms, human right ]El proceso penal sistema penal y derechos humanos 02/01/2002

    By

    [human rights, corrections, prisons, death row inmates]The Criminal Process: The Criminal System and Human Rights 02/01/2002

    By

    [human rights, death row, human trafficking]Manual de Casos para la capacitacion policial en Derechos Humanos 02/01/2002

    By

    [human rights, death row inmates]Arms Trafficking 03/01/1999

    By

    This article discusses how armament of the 14th army is owned by private persons. Although the situation is under control, a significant part of armament is still owned by the population, which actually endangers the security in the region. [armament, trafficking]The Criminal Process in Guatemala 02/01/2002

    By

    [courts, law enforcement]Transfer of sentenced persons and the fulfillment of criminal sentences abroad 02/01/2002

    By

    [corrections, international cooperation]Product Piracy 02/01/2002

    By

    Transnistrian militia have already revealed 2 major underground workshops that were making falsified strong drinks, mostly vodka, not to mention smaller-scale primitive ‘facilities’ and domestic vodka makers. [Drugs and Crime, underground liquor workshops, illegal businesses, counterfeiting cigarettes]Indigenous peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean and Human Rights 02/01/2002

    By

    [human rights, law enforcement]Arms Trafficking Reports 03/01/1999

    By

    Mr. Roman mentioned that “although the situation is under control, a significant part of armament is still owned by the population, which actually endangers the security in the region. [trafficking]Santiago Atitlan. Community organization and security of the inhabitants: a challenge for p 02/01/2002

    By

    [law enforcement, police]The Criminal Process in Mexico City 02/01/2002

    By

    [courts, law enforcement]The Criminal Process in San Luis Potosi, Mexico 02/01/2002

    By

    [courts, law]The Criminal Process in Sinaloa, Mexico 02/01/2002

    By

    [courts, law]The Criminal Process in Veracruz, Mexico 02/01/2002

    By

    [courts, law]The victim in the integral approach to the prevention of crime 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention]Implementation of Recommendation 13:A Description of U.S. Law Pertaining to the Protection of Witnesses Participating in Criminal Prosecutions 10/01/1996

    By

    The Organized Crime Control Act of 1970 gave the Department of Justice (DOJ) the authority to provide for the security of witnesses who were cooperating in cases involving organized criminal activity, and their families, by relocating them and providing them with the necessary supporting services [Witness Security, Organized crime control, Department of Justice, Reform Act]Implementation of Recommendation 19: A brief Guide to Criminal Prosecutions in the U.S. 10/01/1996

    By

    Both the Federal Government and the State have the right to prosecute criminal offences. The investigation and prosecution of crime is the reponsibility of the executive branch government. [Criminal Statutes, Police agencies, Drug trafficking, Fraud, law enforcement]Implementation of Recommendations 35 and 36: The Supplementation of Existing Multelateral Conventions or Adoption of New Conventions to Assist in the Fight Against Transnational Organized Crime 10/01/1996

    By

    The Implementation of Recomendation 35, which calls for the states to adopt existing provisions to help fight against transnational crime, while recomendation 36 focusses on the adoption of new ideas in order to enhance the ability to fight crime. [Slavery Convention, Forced Labor, Prosititution, Counterfeiting, transnational organized crime]The Criminal Process in Nicaragua 02/01/2002

    By

    [courts, law enforcement, police]Crime and methods of urban conflict control 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime, police, law enforcement]The Criminal Process in Panama 02/01/2002

    By

    [courts, law enforcement, police]La policia y su papel en la prevencion del delito 02/01/2002

    By

    [police, law enforcement]U.S.Implementation of Senior Experts Group 40 Recommendations 01/01/1997

    By

    The United States currently has 17 Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties (MLAT) in force (including those with P-8 Member States Canada, Italy and the United Kingdom), with another 14 treaties awaiting the completion of domestic legal requirements of the parties before entering into force. [Criminal Offenses, Law Enforcement, Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties, Organized Crime]Proposal for Lyon Group Document Library and Website 01/01/1997

    By

    Among its duties, the troika will oversee the release of Lyon Group documents to the public and determine through what means they will be made available. The ‘trika’ will determine the location,specifications, and contents of the website, and select a contractor to set it up. [Presidencies, international public]Location of U.S. Customs Offices in P8 Countries 01/01/1997

    By

    United States transnational Customs Offices in the P-8 countries. [Secret service offices, Firearms offices, Criminal division lawyers,US Treasury]Proposal for Extradition and Mutual Legal Assistance Subgroup 01/01/1997

    By

    United States list of proposals for extradition and legal assistance subgroup. [Prosecution of International Fugitives, Organized crime, Legal Assistance]Project Based Initiative: Nigerian Transnational Organized Crime Transnational Crime, Issue-Intellectual Property Rights Counterfeiting: Issues and Recommendations 01/01/1997

    By

    The U.S. Secret Service currently participates in a multinational task force consisting of over 35 countries experiencing a NOC problem. The Service shares and receives intelligence from these member agencies in an effort to combat Nigerian crime on a transnational basis. [Dept. of treasury, Justice & Treasury, Federal law enforcement, transnational organized crime]Proposals for Alien Smuggling and Fraudulent Documents Subgroup 01/01/1997

    By

    In addition to the anti-smuggling efforts by the P-8 countries which have begun to have impacts on the problem, the United States submits proposals for the alien smuggling and fraudulent document subgroups. [Fraudulent Documents, forged or counterfeited]Discussion Topics on High Tech/Computer Crime 01/01/1997

    By

    To address computer crime effectively, all concerned nations will need adequate laws with which to prosecute hackers and other computer criminals. [Cybercrime, Locating people, Collection evidence, Computer search, Encryption]U.S. Department of Justice G7/P8 Computer crime Proposal 01/01/1997

    By

    To address computer crime effectively, all concerned nations will need adequate laws with which to prosecute hackers and other computer criminals. [Cybercrime, Corruption, Hacker, Transborder searches]U.S. Proposals for Extradition and Legal Assistance Subgroup 04/01/1997

    By

    Expert Group on Transnational Organized Crime encourages States to consider new options for assuring that fugitives who flee to their State of nationality are either returned to the State in which the crime was committed or are subjected to effective prosecution in their State of nationality. [Effective regime, Legal Assistance]U.S. Recommendations on Taking Forward the Six Recommendations on the Interim Conclusions of the Firearms Subgroup 04/01/1997

    By

    United States approves the six steps recomended by Mr.Ono to the P-8 nations for implementation in the fight against transnational crimes. [Illegal Firearms, Weapons & explosives]Proposal-Investigative Scenarios: Identifying the Source or Destination of Communications 04/01/1997

    By

    Member states are expected to provide their substantive criminal law provisions relating to computer crime as well as current procedures in their national legislation to obtain and share computer and network information on electronic traffic, account holders,and communications content. [Traffic, Audit trails, Law Enforcement, High tech crime]Discussion Paper for Extradition and Mutual Assistance Subgroup 01/01/1997

    By

    Mutual assistance by listed recomendations encourages States to develope treaties and other arrangements for extradition and convention purposes. [Organized crime, international agreements]French Proposals for the Firearms Subgroup 04/01/1997

    By

    The general aim of G7/P8 is to set up and develop a strong cooperation between members to fight more efficiently against trafficking of firearms. [Trafficking, Initial intelligence, Suspicious weaponry, Specialists]Conference Identifies Ways to Combat Human Trafficking 03/01/2000

    By

    Speaking at a press conference March 31, Ralph Boyce, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, said part of the effort would include that nations enact legislation that would apply new penalties for the traffickers. [human trafficking, transnational organized crime, violence against women]Security of the Inhabitants, adolescents and criminal law 02/01/2002

    By

    [juvenile courts]Incarcerated women in El Salvador and the respect of their human rights 02/01/2002

    By

    [human rights, prison, corrections, female offenders]The municipal defense offices and their role in the prevention of juvenile delinquency 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles]The ‘Natasha’ Trade: The Transnational Shadow Economy of Trafficking in Women (Russian) 02/01/2002

    By

    [human trafficking, crimes against women, prostitution, violence against women]The ‘Natasha’ Trade: The Transnational Shadow Economy of Trafficking in Women (English) 02/01/2002

    By Donna M. Hughes

    Trafficking in women for the purpose of sexual exploitation is a multi-billion dollar shadow market. Women are trafficked to, from, and through every region in the world using methods that have become new forms of slavery. [Police raid, Prison, Sexual explotation, Profitable, violence against women, law enforcement]Report on the Seminar for Legislators on Improving the Administration of Justice 02/01/2002

    By

    [law enforcement, police, courts]Penal Defence: A Challenge to Contemporary Justice 02/01/2002

    By

    [corrections, prisons]DUMA project 02/01/2002

    By

    Following the AIC’s successful Drug Use Monitoring in Australia (DUMA) pilot project, Senator Chris Ellison, Minister for Justice and Customs, announced funding of $1.8 million to maintain the DUMA monitoring program for a further 2 years. DUMA is a unique research project which provides rigorous da [DUMA, Senator, Minister, Commonwealth, State]Transnistrian Authorities Set 40 Percent Limit for Barter 02/01/2002

    By

    The Transnistrian authorities have decreed that the share of barter in trade relations between economic entities shall not exceed 40 percent of the transaction cost. [Mediating operations, civilized commodity, money relationship, suffering]The Ilascu Trial 02/01/2002

    By Victor Barsan

    The present work attempts to contribute to a better knowledge, understanding and dissemination of the truth about the situation of the “Ilascu group” (*) and implicitly about the situation of Transnistria. [Political factors, war in Transnistria, post-communist , ]Moscow Industrialists Seeking to Restore Ties With Tiraspol Industrialists 02/01/2002

    By

    The Moscow guest was received by Transnistrian president Igor Smirnov and said during their conversation that “time is approaching when we will have to restore our former economic ties. And we shall necessarily do this as soon as such a possibility emerges”. [Transnistrian industrial enterprises , manufactured armaments , military-industrial complex]A Psychosocial Approach to Violence in Central America 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention]Study of the characteristics and training needs of lay justices of the peace in Central America and Panama 02/01/2002

    By

    [judges, courts]Proposal – 03/01/1998

    By

    A system proposed to be set up for the purpose of initiating investigations where deemed appropriate, identifying smuggling methods, and targeting relevant shipments for examination. Each IPR enforcement agency will provide a principle point of contact,address obstacles, and channell all referral [CD replicator, Conterfeit software, IPR pirates]Public defense in Latin America from the modern Criminal Procedural Law perspective 02/01/2002

    By

    [court, defense services]Correctional Systems and Alternatives to Prison in Latin America and the Caribbean 02/01/2002

    By

    [prison, corrections, alternatives to incarceration]Justicia Penal Y Libertad De Prensa Tomo 2 12/01/1993

    By Raul Zaffaroni

    [ciminal justice, free speech]U.S. Response to Questionnaire Regarding Video Conferencing Capabilities of the Eight 01/01/1999

    By

    United States’ list of response to the questionnaire regarding video conferencing capabilities distributed by the United Kingdom following the Lyon Group plenary session. [Domestic Law, Witness testimony, ]Case Manual For Police Training In Human Rights 02/01/2002

    By

    [police training, law enforcement]Justicia Penal Y Libertad De Prensa Tomo 1 02/01/2002

    By

    El presente volumen contiene las contribuciones de cada uno de los países que abarca la investigación sobre libertad de prensa y derecho penal en Centroamérica y Panamá, como también de los países que intervienen como términos de comparación en Sudamérica (Brasil y Argentina) y en Europa (Alemania, [courts, law enforcement]Transnistrian Economic Problems 02/01/2002

    By

    The 180 drivers are protesting this way against the Tiraspol municipality’s decision to raise from May 1 the cost of monthly passenger transportation patents from 40 to 100 ‘conventional monetary units’ (CMU). [protesting, transportation patents, currency, strikers]Russian Aid to Transnistria 05/01/1999

    By

    Three Universities from Moscow and the Transnistrian administration open in Tighina a non-attendance training center, which may in future turn into a higher education institution. [warrants, APSIDA Fund, three faculties, STUDIES CENTER ]Cuba: Penitentiary status and alternatives to criminal justice and prison 02/01/2002

    By

    [prison alternatives to incarceration]Juvenile Criminal Procedural Law Manual 02/01/2002

    By

    [juvenile crime]New perspectives of teaching law: Criminal Law Curriculum 02/01/2002

    By

    [criminal law]Training for Juvenile Detention Center Staff 02/01/2002

    By

    [juvenile corrections prison]Nicaragua: Penitentiary status and alternatives to criminal justice and prison 02/01/2002

    By

    [prison alternatives to incarceration]Habeas Corpus and the appeal in Panamanian legislation 02/01/2002

    By

    [courts]The special jurisdiction of minors in Panama 02/01/2002

    By

    [juvenile court, juvenile crime]La justicia como garante de los derechos Humanos 02/01/2002

    By Eugenio Raul Zaffaroni, Kurt Madlener

    [human rights]General Counterdrug Intelligence Plan 02/01/2000

    By

    The General Counterdrug Intelligence Plan (GCIP) addresses issues identified by the White House Task Force Review of the U.S. Counterdrug Intelligence Centers and Activities. Its goal is to establish a drug intelligence framework that supports operators in the field, improves Federal, state, and [White House Task Force, DCI crime & Narcotics Center, Counterdrug effort]Panama: Penitentiary status and alternatives to criminal justice and prison 02/01/2002

    By

    [prison alternatives to incarceration]Drug Trafficking Rises 02/01/2002

    By

    Crimes related to illegal drug trafficking in Transnistria,reportedly, has risen in comparison to the previous year, according to a report by the Transnistrian Ministry Of Interior. [drug trafficking, poisonous preparations, illegal, crimes]New perspectives of teaching law: Criminal Procedure Law Curriculum 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime law]Ecuador: Penitentiary status and alternatives to criminal justice and prison 02/01/2002

    By

    [prison alternatives to incarceration]Treasury Strengthens Anti-Money Laundering Program 08/01/1999

    By

    In order to strengthen Anti-Money Laundary program, the Treasury Department set up a system requiring the registration of all money services businesses in the Money Laundering Suppression Act of 1994. [anti-money laundering , Bank Secrecy Act , ]Status of Counternarcotics Efforts in Mexico (Testimony, 03/18/98, GAO/T-NSIAD-98-129) 03/01/1998

    By

    The Mexican government’s efforts to combat drug trafficking, and relared crimes has led to the involvement of the United States in the extradition of the drug criminals on the U.S. soil. Law enforcement agencies have been employed to help improve the effectiveness of these efforts. [extradition, drug criminals , law enforcement agencies , drug trafficking]Criminalidad: ?Prevencion o promocion? 02/01/2002

    By Elias Carranza

    Agradezco la informacion y los criterios de Emilio Solana Rio, Jefe de la Seccion Estadistica del Departamento de Planificacion del Poder Judicial; tambien la ayuda directamente brindada por la funcionaria Janice Mora Cantillano de esa oficina. [crime prevention]El Salvador: Penitentiary status and alternatives to criminal justice and prison 02/01/2002

    By

    [prison alternatives to incarceration]Status of Counternarcotics Efforts in Mexico (Testimony, 03/18/98, GAO/T-NSIAD-98-129) 03/01/1998

    By

    [extradition, organized crime, money laundering, chemical control]Justice as guarantor of human rights in Mexico and Central America: the independence of the judge 02/01/2002

    By

    [human rights, human trafficking, death row inmates]Justicia penal y libertad de prensa Tomo II 02/01/2002

    By Raul Zaffaroni

    El presente volumen reune los trabajos finales de investigacion del proyecto “Justicia Penal y Libertad de Prensa en Centroamerica y Panama”, proyecto que, no obstante la delimitacion geografica de su titulo, a efectos de recoger informacion comparada que permitiera inteligir de manera integral la p [corrections, courts, law enforcement]Drug Control: Status of U.S. International Counternarcotics Activities (Testimony, 03/12/98, GAO/T-NSIAD-98-116) 03/01/1998

    By

    [combat drug production , counternarcotics issues,control efforts, illegal drugs ]Guatemala: Penitentiary status and alternatives to criminal justice and prison 02/01/2002

    By

    [corrections, alternatives to incarceration]General Counterdrug Intelligence Plan 02/01/2000

    By

    The General Counterdrug Intelligence Plan (GCIP) addresses issues identified by the White House Task Force Review of the U.S. Counterdrug Intelligence Centers and Activities.Its goal is to establish a drug intelligence framework that supports operators in the field, improves Federal, state, and l [National Drug control Policy]Justicia penal y libertad de prensa. Tomo I 02/01/2002

    By Raul Zaffaroni

    El presente volumen reune los trabajos finales de investigacion del proyecto “Justicia Penal y Libertad de Prensa en Centroamerica y Panama”, proyecto que, no obstante la delimitacion geografica de su titulo, a efectos de recoger informacion comparada que permitiera inteligir de manera integral la p [corrections, courts, law enforcement]Independence of the Judicial Branch in Latin America and Europe 02/01/2002

    By

    [courts, judges]Prevencion del delito, la nueva esperanza de las politicas de urbanismo 01/01/1997

    By IRVIN WALLER

    El delito violento y la delincuencia juvenil son problemas persistentes para los ciudadanos, que se ven amenazados por la violencia juvenil, los robos en sus viviendas, la violencia contra las mujeres, los robos de coches, el vandalismo y la venta de drogas. De vez en cuando la amenaza se ve exacer [ juveniles]The National Money Laundering Strategy for 2000 03/01/2000

    By

    A system designed by the government to combat money laundery and other related financial related financial crimes such as the movement of illicit cash equivalent procceeds in or out of the United State’s financial institutions.All financial institutions,however,are required to maintain records [Drug trafficking, law enforcement, organized crime ]Juvenile criminal sanction and its alternatives in Costa Rica, with national jurisprudence 02/01/2002

    By

    [juvenile crime, prison corrections]Treasury and Justice Departments Issue 2000 Money Laundering Strategy 03/01/2000

    By

    The Departments of Treasury and Justice unveiled the Administration’s National Money Laundering Strategy for 2000 today, laying down a comprehensive and detailed plan for combating money laundering. [law enforcement , high risk accounts, Financial Crime ]Honduras: Penitentiary status and alternatives to criminal justice and prison 02/01/2002

    By

    [corrections, alternatives to incarceration]Seguridad ciudadana y policia en Centroamerica: esfuerzos regionales en marcha 02/01/2002

    By

    [police, law enforcement]U.S. Official Testifies on Drug Trafficking in Haiti 04/01/2000

    By

    Michael Vigil, special agent in charge of the Drug Enforcement Administration’s Caribbean Field Division, told lawmakers that Haiti’s location, and the absence of effective law enforcement, have combined to facilitate drug trafficking in the region. [law enforcement , Drug Enforcement, Criminal Justice, Drug Policy ]Estigmatizacion, conducta desviada y vitimizacion en una zona marginada 02/01/2002

    By

    [victims of crime]Mexico: Penitentiary status and alternatives to criminal justice and prison 02/01/2002

    By

    [corrections, alternatives to incarceration]Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Violence Against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 02/01/2002

    By

    The Model Strategies and Practical Measures specifically acknowledge the need for an active policy of bringing into the mainstream a gender perspective in all policies and programmes related to violence against women and of achieving gender equality and equal and fair access to justice, as well a [Violence, Crime prevention, Criminal Justice, Model strategies, Violence Against Women]Procedural Focus of the Juvenile Criminal Law: Costa Rica 02/01/2002

    By

    [juvenile justice]Argentina: Penitentiary status and alternatives to criminal justice and prison 02/01/2002

    By

    []Family violence and police intervention 02/01/2002

    By

    [domestic violence, police, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Costa Rica: Penitentiary status and alternatives to criminal justice and prison 02/01/2002

    By

    [prisons, corrections, alternatives to incarceration]List of Participants for November 2000 ICB Meeting 11/01/2000

    By Sherman

    List of participants. [Law enforcement ]Status of crime and urban security in Europe: Security policies in the big cities 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention]The rights of young individuals in the juvenile justice system and the role of the ombudsperson 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles]Crime and Security of the Inhabitants 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention]Sentencias severas no disuaden el delito 02/01/2002

    By

    [prisons, corrections]Debe una mayor seguridad de los ciudadanos significar mayor castigo. Reaccion a los desafios actuales en materia de condenas y prisiones 02/01/2002

    By

    [prisons, corrections]Human rights: Incarcerated children and adolescents. The Panamanian case 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles, prisons, corrections]The penal legislation form minors under the light of international instruments. The case of Panama 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles, prisons, corrections]From Outrage to Hope: Treatment of the Consequences of Incest 02/01/2002

    By

    [child sexual abuse, juveniles]Rehabilitation of the offender 02/01/2002

    By

    []Alternatives to criminal justice and prison for adolescents 02/01/2002

    By

    []Manual for the establishment of an integrated system of criminal statistics 06/01/1983

    By Rodrigo Bola?os S.

    [criminal statutes]Manual for Justices of the Peace 02/01/2002

    By Victor Jose Castellanos Estrella

    [police training, law enforcement]Negotiation Update 05/01/1999

    By

    Transnistrian delegation in the United Control Committee (UCC) refuses to examine the issue regarding the demilitarization of the security zone, ignoring thus the stipulations of the Agreement signed at Moscow in 1992, UCC Co-President from Chisinau Gheorghe Roman declared [International Issues, demilitarize]Financial Crimes Continue to Increase in Transnistria 05/01/1999

    By

    Economic and fiscal law violations in Transnistrian region continue to increase, thus aggravating the situation, sources from the Tiraspol administration declared [Corruption, taxation]Robots, wanderers, spiders and avatars, the virtual investigator behind the thin digital blue line 03/01/1997

    By Kevin Manson

    The concept of “Community Policing” on the electronic frontier poses many unprecedented challenges to police, policy, and law makers. Issues of Cyber “netiquette”, sovereignty, and comity can arise in milliseconds when the cybercop pursues a hacker or transnational criminal organization [Cybercrime, electronic]Current Trends in Correctional Programming in the U.S.A. 02/01/2002

    By Kenneth G. Adams

    This paper discusses recent trends in correctional programming. Specifically, it discusses legally mandated services, changing characteristics of inmate populations, inmates with crime-related problems and cost-saving measures. [Correctional, prison, incarceration]Administrative Reform 12/01/2000

    By

    []Position Paper: From New Economic Order to New Information Order 02/01/2002

    By

    Advent of these new technologies have impacted everyday life of mankind globally in form, content and time as well. Mundane human tasks are getting replaced as computerised routines [Cybercrime, Globalization, Liberalization]Commentaries and Contributions 02/01/2002

    By

    Investigation of crimes relating to the computer network would call for knowledge beyond the expertise and skills of most investigating officers. [Cybercrime, law enforcement]The UN Experts Group Meeting on Crimes Related to Computer Networks. Tokyo, Japan, October 5-9, 1998. — Annex III: List of Documents 02/01/2002

    By

    United Nations Manual on the Prevention and Control of Computer-related Crime (ST/ESA/SER.M43-44) Annex list of documents. [Cybercrime]The UN Experts Group Meeting on Crimes Related to Computer Networks. Tokyo, Japan, October 5-9, 1998. — Annex IV: Discussion Guide 02/01/2002

    By

    Crimes related to computer networks are increasing at the same speed and breadth as the expansion of computer networks. [Cybercrime, law enforcement]Clinton Statement on Passage of Anti-Trafficking Law 10/01/2000

    By President Clinton

    President Clinton congratulated the U.S. Congress for its passage of the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 in an October 11 statement issued from the White House [Human Trafficking, victims, combat, violence against women]Main problems related to the Cybercrime 02/01/2002

    By

    The technological revolution carried out during this second half of the century, is undoubtedly strongly linked to the progress of the computer science [Cybercrime, sabotage, law enforcement]Russian Army Activities in Transnistria 03/01/1999

    By

    Tiraspol will allow Russian armed forces to use their military airport, if needed, – declared Vice-President of the Supreme Soviet from Transnistria Vladimir Atamaniuk, when referring to the events from Kosovo. [terrorism, military, airport]Armed Robbery Training Manual 02/01/2002

    By John D, Moore,CCP, Ken Fadehey

    A guide for high risk employees,managers, and trainers who deal with ever-present dangers of armed robbery in the work place. [terrorism, alarms, bomb devices.]FBI Director Remarks at Bangkok Law Enforcement Academy 11/01/1999

    By

    Our two countries are committed to democracy, committed to the protection of human rights,” Freeh added, “and more importantly, the protection of the people whom we serve in both countries. [Law enforcement, crimes, criminals]U.S. State Department Official Testifies on U.S.-Panama Anti-Drug Cooperation 06/01/2000

    By

    Panama’s law enforcement agencies maintain “excellent relations” with their U.S. counterparts, Beers said, noting that the two countries carried out four coordinated counter-drug operations in 1999. [Drugs and Crime, Law enforcement]U.S.-Mexico Counternarcotics Cooperation 02/01/1999

    By Rand Beers

    The relationship between Mexico and the United States is one of the most multifaceted and dynamic we enjoy with any other nation. New ties and relationships form every day. [Drugs and Crime, Law enforcement]Cuba’s Links to Drug Trafficking 11/01/1999

    By Rand Beers

    The international narcotics control community, however, has long been concerned about Cuba’s potential role as a drug transit country. [Drugs and Crime, Law enforcement]Oversight of U.S.-Mexico Counternarcotics Efforts 03/01/1999

    By Rand Beers

    The relationship between Mexico and the United States is one of the most multifaceted and dynamic we enjoy with any other nation. New ties and relationships form every day. [Drugs and Crime, Law enforcement, Human Rights]Crime Programs 09/01/1999

    By

    The Department of State is actively engaged in working with other concerned governments through extradition treaties, mutual legal assistance agreements, information exchanges, law enforcement training and technical assistance to combat transnational crime. [Drugs and Crime, Law enforcement, ]Trafficking in Women and Girls Targeted in Bulgaria, Hungary 11/01/1999

    By

    The International Organization for Migration is launching new information campaigns in Bulgaria and Hungary, trying to combatsuspected increases in trafficking in women and girls. [Human trafficking, Law enforcement, violence against women]U.S. Transfers Vessels Under Security Assistance Program 02/01/2000

    By Eric Green

    The transfer of U.S. decommissioned ships to cooperating nations is an ongoing federal program to provide security against illicit drug activity in the Caribbean. [Drugs and Crime, Law enforcement, ]Clinton on 2000 National Drug Control Strategy Report 04/01/2000

    By President Clinton

    The 2000 Annual Report given by President Clinton illustrates where we need to focus our energies and the initiatives needed to address the most pressing problems concerning Drugs. [Drugs and Crime, Law enforcement, ]Speech by President Clinton on Optimizing the Full Range of U.S. Efforts to Fight International Crime 10/01/1995

    By President Clinton

    Achieving U.S. national security, foreign policy and law enforcement goals requires us to optimize efforts to fight international crime. [Drugs and Crime, Law enforcement]Clinton Remarks in Video Address to People of Colombia (Says U.S. supports Colombia 08/01/2000

    By President Clinton

    Over the last five years, the governments of Peru and Bolivia, working with U.S. support, have reduced coca cultivation by more than half in their own countries, and cultivation fell by almost one-fifth in the region as a whole. [Drugs and Crime, ]U.S.-Colombia Cooperation to Curb Money Laundering/Counterfeiting 08/01/2000

    By

    Cooperation Between the United States and Colombia on Programs to Counter Money Laundering and Counterfeiting. [Money laundering]Under Secretary Pickering on U.S. Aid to Colombia (Briefs reporters on aspects of U.S. assistance package) 08/01/2000

    By

    Cooperation Between the United States and Colombia on Counter-Drug Programs. [Drugs and Crime, Law enforcement]Clinton Memorandum to Albright on Colombia Assistance Waiver 08/01/2000

    By William J Clinton (President)

    Presidential Determination on Waiver of Certification Under Section 3201 “Conditions on Assistance for Colombia,” in Title III, Chapter 2 of the Emergency Supplemental Act, FY 2000, as Enacted in Public Law 106-246 [Human Rights]Cyberspace 1999: Crime, Criminal Justice and the Internet 03/01/1999

    By

    Annual International Conference of the British and Irish Legal Technology Association (BILETA), York, 29 & 30 March 1999. [Cybercrime]November 10-14, 1999 Conference: Preliminary Agenda (English, .rtf, 14K), last updated: 3-Nov-99 11/01/1999

    By

    U.S – Ukraine Research Partnership Opening Conference. Itinerary for Conference held November 10-14. [Drugs and Crime, Human Trafficking, Organized Crime]November 10-14, 1999 Conference in Kyiv: Action Plan (English, .rtf, 11K) 11/01/1999

    By

    Action plans, a list of things to do. [Law enforcement]UNAFEI Director’s Cover Letter for the Computer Crime Questionnaire 06/01/1999

    By

    Prevention and crime treatment of offenders.(questionnaire) [Cybercrime, drugs and crime]Criminal Code: Bankruptcy Crimes 02/01/2002

    By

    []Criminal Code: Economic Crimes 02/01/2002

    By

    []Background On The International Crime Control Strategy 05/01/1998

    By

    International crime and it’s threat to Americans.Drug and firearms trafficking, terrorism, money laundering, counterfeiting, illegal alien smuggling, trafficking in women and children, advanced fee scams, credit card fraud, auto theft, economic espionage, intellectual property theft, computer ha [International Issues,drugs and cime, human trafficking,moneylaundering,terrorism, violence against women]The Criminal Process in the United States (in Russian) 02/01/2002

    By

    [criminal jutsice system]Introduction of Cybercop Panel at MIT (1996) RealAudio file, requires RealAudio player 02/01/2002

    By

    Audio about cybercrime. [Cybercrime, law enforcement]Situacion del delito y de la seguridad urbana en Europa.Politicas de seguridad en las grandes ciudades 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention]Crime prevention: new hope of urbanism policies 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention]Situacion del delito y seguridad de los habitantes en los paises de America Latina 02/03/2002

    By

    [crime prevention]El delito y los modos de regulacion de los conflictos urbanos 02/01/2002

    By

    []Seminario para legisladores 02/01/2002

    By

    []Estudio de caracteristicas y necesidades de jueces de paz legos en Centroamerica y Panama 02/01/2002

    By

    []El traslado de personas sentenciadas y el cumplimiento de condenas penales en el extranjero 02/01/2002

    By

    []Santiago Atitlan. Organizacion comunitaria y seguridad de los habitantes: un reto para la paz 02/01/2002

    By

    []El habeas corpus y la apelacion en la legislacion panamena 02/01/2002

    By

    []Defensa Penal: Un reto para la justicia contemporanea 02/01/2002

    By

    []Stigmatization, deviant behavior and victimization in a poverty-stricken area 02/01/2002

    By

    []Politica criminal: entre la politica de seguridad y la politica social 02/01/2002

    By

    []The police and its role in crime prevention 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention, police, law enforcement]Citizen security and the police in Central America: regional efforts in progress 02/01/2002

    By

    [police, law enforcement, crime prevention]Harsh sentences do not deter crime 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention]Should greater citizen security mean more punishment. Reaction to current challenges in the area of sentences and prisons 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention]Alternativas a la justicia penal y a la prision para adolescentes 02/01/2002

    By

    [prisons, corrections, alternatives to incarceration]La victima en la prevencion integral del delito 02/01/2002

    By

    [victims of crime]The Criminal Process in Brazil 02/01/2002

    By

    [criminal justice system]El proceso penal en Costa Rica 02/01/2002

    By

    [criminal justice system]El proceso penal en El Salvador 02/01/2002

    By

    [criminal justice system]El proceso penal en Guatemala 02/01/2002

    By

    [criminal justice system]El proceso penal en Mexico, D.F. 02/01/2002

    By

    [criminal justice system]El proceso penal en San Luis Potosi 02/01/2002

    By

    [criminal justice system]El proceso penal en Sinaloa 02/01/2002

    By

    [criminal justice system]Violencia intrafamiliar e intervencion policial 02/01/2002

    By

    [domestic violence, law enforcement, police, Violence Against Women]El proceso penal en Veracruz, Mexico 02/01/2002

    By

    [criminal justice system]El proceso penal en Nicaragua 02/01/2002

    By

    [criminal justice system]El proceso penal en Panama 02/01/2002

    By

    [criminal justice system]Seguridad de los habitantes, adolescentes y ley penal 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention, juveniles]Las defensorias municipales y su papel en la prevencion de la delincuencia juvenil 02/01/2002

    By

    [juvenile delinquency prevention, ]Un enfoque psicosocial de la violencia en Centroamerica 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention]La defensa publica en America Latina desde la perspectiva del Derecho Procesal Penal moderno 02/01/2002

    By

    [criminal justice system, ]La sancion penal juvenil y sus alternativas en Costa Rica con Jurisprudencia nacional 02/01/2002

    By

    []La jurisdiccion especial de menores en Panama 02/01/2002

    By

    []Enfoque procesal de la ley penal juvenil 02/01/2002

    By

    []Manual de derecho procesal juvenil 02/01/2002

    By

    []Nuevas perspectivas de la ensenanza del Derecho : Curriculum Derecho Procesal Penal 02/01/2002

    By

    []La legitima defensa en la estrategia de defensa 02/01/2002

    By

    []Justice as Guarantor of Human Rights: Independence of the Judge 02/01/2002

    By

    [judges, courts]La justicia como garante de los derechos humanos en Mexico y America Central: la independencia del Juez 02/01/2002

    By

    []Independencia del poder judicial en Iberoamerica y en Europa 02/01/2002

    By

    []Justice as a Guarantor of Human Rights in Costa Rica: View of the Ombudsman of the Republic 02/01/2002

    By

    []La posicion del juez en Costa Rica 02/01/2002

    By

    []Del ultraje a la esperanza. Tratamiento de las secuelas del incesto 02/01/2002

    By

    []Criminalidad prevencion o promocion? 02/01/2002

    By

    []Capacitacion para personal en Centros de Menores infractores 02/01/2002

    By

    []El proceso penal 02/01/2002

    By

    []Rehabilitacion del delincuente 02/01/2002

    By

    []Manual para el establecimiento de un sistema integrado de estadisticas de criminalidad SIEC 02/01/2002

    By

    []Indigenas de America Latina y el Caribe y Derechos Humanos 02/01/2002

    By

    []Manual para jueces de Paz 02/01/2002

    By

    []Derechos Humanos, ninos, ninas y adolescentes privados de libertad: Diagnostico Juridico y Sociologico de Honduras 02/01/2002

    By

    []Las mujeres privadas de libertad en El Salvador y el respeto a sus derechos humanos 02/01/2002

    By

    []Argentina: Situacion penitenciaria y alternativas a la justicia penal y a la prision 02/01/2002

    By

    []Costa Rica: Situacion penitenciaria y alternativas a la justicia penal y a la prision 02/01/2002

    By

    []Cuba: Situacion penitenciaria y alternativas a la justicia penal y a la prision 02/01/2002

    By

    []Ecuador: Situacion penitenciaria y alternativas a la justicia penal y a la prision 02/01/2002

    By

    []El Salvador: Situacion penitenciaria y alternativas a la justicia penal y a la prision 02/01/2002

    By

    []Guatemala: Situacion penitenciaria y alternativas a la justicia penal y a la prision 02/03/2002

    By

    []Honduras: Situacion penitenciaria y alternativas a la justicia penal y a la prision 02/01/2002

    By

    [prisons, corrections, alternatives to incarceration]Mexico: Situacion penitenciaria y alternativas a la justicia penal y a la prision 02/01/2002

    By

    [prisons, corrections, alternatives to incarceration]Nicaragua: Situacion penitenciaria y alternativas a la justicia penal y a la prision 02/01/2002

    By

    [prisons, corrections, alternatives to incarceration]Panama: Situacion penitenciaria y alternativas a la justicia penal y a la prision 02/01/2002

    By

    [prisons, corrections, alternatives to incarceration]Bases para la nueva legislacion penal juvenil de Nicaragua: Diagnostico juridico y sociologico del sistema vigente (diagnostico para su estudio) 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles, prisons, corrections]Bases for the New Juvenile Criminal Justice Legislation in the Province of Santa Fe, Argentina: Juridical and Sociological Diagnostic of the Existing System 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles]Derechos Humanos, ninos, ninas y adolescentes privados de libertad: Investigacion Juridica y Sociologica de Guatemala 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles]El sexismo linguistico y el lenguaje juridico 02/01/2002

    By

    [international law, female offenders]Cuando el Genero suena cambios trae metodologia para el analisis de genero del fenomeno legal 02/01/2002

    By

    []Las lineas torcidas del derecho 02/01/2002

    By

    []El ministerio publico en America Latina 02/01/2002

    By

    []Los derechos de las personas adolescentes frente al sistema de justicia juvenil y la funcion del ombudsperson 02/01/2002

    By

    []Derechos Humanos: ninos, ninas y adolescentes privados de libertad. El caso de Panama 02/01/2002

    By

    []La legislacion penal de Menores a la luz de los instrumentos internacionales El caso de Panama 02/01/2002

    By

    []European Criminology: Sharing Borders, Sharing a Discipline 02/01/2002

    By

    CALL FOR PAPERS Conference 2002 Toledo, Spain, September 5-7, 2002 [Europe,Criminology,Conference,Membership, Call for Papers]Addressing the Threat of Emerging Infectious Diseases 06/01/1996

    By

    Threat of infectious diseases. Emerging infectious diseases such as Ebola, drug-resistant tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS present one of the most significant health and security challenges facing the global community. [Infectious diseases,International issues.]Statement of Explanation for Dominican Republic Drug Certification 03/01/2000

    By

    Trafficking of drugs in the Dominican Republic.The Dominican Republic is a significant transit country for South American drugs, mostly cocaine, moving to the United States. Drugs are transported into the Dominican Republic by air, sea, and across the land border with Haiti. [Drugs and Crime, ]Drug Czar on National Drug Control Strategy 04/01/2000

    By

    Drug abuse in children and adults. The White House Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) reported steady progress in the war on drugs in 1999, with reduced rates of use appearing among both adults and youngsters. [Drugs and Crime, ]Drug Related Crimes 02/01/1999

    By

    Percentage of storage and sale of drugs. According to data of the Transnistrian Information Olvia-press Agency, 679 addicts are on records in Transnistria [Drugs and Crime, drug trafficking]U.S. Drug Enforcement Official on Drug Trafficking and Panama 06/01/2000

    By

    Drug trafficking and crimes in Panama. Panama is “singular” in the challenges it creates for law enforcement officials, particularly with respect to illegal drug trafficking and related crimes, says William Ledwith, chief of international operations at the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administrati [Drugs and Crime, law enforcement]U.S. Defense Department Official on Anti-Drug Efforts Following Panama Canal Transfer 06/01/2000

    By

    Foward operating locations in Panama. The United States is making progress towards fully implementing its new Forward Operating Locations, also known as FOLs, which will be used to support aerial counter-drug missions in the Central American region, Pentagon official Ana Maria Salazar testifie [Drugs and Crime, drug trafficking]The Transnistrian Economy 04/01/1999

    By

    Salaries and budgets of employees. CHISINAU – In March the minimal consumption budget in Transnistrian region slightly increased with respect to February and constituted 93,551,000 rubbles. [Salary, Consumption.]Comparing Drug Use Rates of Detained Arrestees in the United States and England 04/01/1999

    By Bruce Taylor, Dr. Trevor Bennett

    The different usages of drugs. Recent establishments of the International Aresstee Drug Abuse Monitoring Program administered by the NIJ. [Drugs and Crime, drug abuse]Internet Investigations Training Syllabus, US Treasury Dept, Federal Law Enforcement Training Center Financial Fraud Institute 02/01/2002

    By

    Criminal investigation via electronic database. In October 1996, pursuant to the recommendations of a Curriculum Review Conference, FFI began presenting a two-hour block on Electronic Sources of Information to students of the Basic Criminal Investigator Training program. The collective response has [Cybercrime ]Conference Proceedings, November 10-14, 1999, Kyiv (Russian) 11/01/1999

    By

    []Conference Proceedings, November 10-14, 1999, Kyiv (Ukrainian) 11/01/1999

    By

    []List of members of the International Expert Working Group (English, .rtf) 02/01/2002

    By

    Grant experts review committee members. []Organized Crime in Transnistria 03/01/1999

    By

    Crime rates. TIRASPOL – In the first months of 1998, in Transnistria were registered 1,625 crimes. This index is increasing by 6,5% as compared to the similar period of 1998. According to some statistic data provided by legal authorities from Transnistria, the fight against crime in the region is fe [organized crime,drug trafficking]Fact Sheet: Counternarcotics Efforts in the Andean Region 03/01/2000

    By

    Major drug procedures. Under the Foreign Assistance Act (FAA) of 1961, as amended, the President must identify and notify the Congress of those countries he has determined are major illicit drug producing and/or drug transit countries. [Drugs and Crime, drug trafficking]Fictitious Firms 02/01/2002

    By

    []U.S. Treasury Department Strengthens Anti-Money Laundering Program 08/01/1999

    By

    Money laundering. MSBs are currently required to report to Treasury large currency transactions exceeding $10,000. [Money laundering]Address of Laurie Robinson at the 12th International Congress on Criminology 08/01/1998

    By Laurie Robinson

    International crimes. Increasing rates of youth violence. [Drugs and Crime, trafficking, international issues, terrorism]Drug Control: Status of Counternarcotics Efforts in Mexico (Testimony, 03/18/98, GAO/T-NSIAD-98-129) 03/01/1998

    By

    Drug control.Mexico is the primary transit country for cocaine entering in the US. [Drugs and Crime, money laundering, law enforcement.]Drug Control: Status of U.S. International Counternarcotics Activities (Testimony, 03/12/98, GAO/T-NSIAD-98-116) 03/01/1998

    By

    Drug control and the movement of drugs in th U.S []General Counterdrug Intelligence Plan 02/01/2000

    By

    Resolving drug intelligence issues and to aid National Drug Control Program. [Drugs and Crime, ]Gotham Unbound: How New York City was Liberated from the Grip of Organized Crime 02/01/2002

    By James B. Jacobs with Coleen Friel and Robert Radick

    Organized crime and infiltration. The reputation for potential violence appeared to reduce the need for actual violence in carrying out illicit activities [organized crime]Observations on a Possible Agenda for a Workshop on Computer-Related Crime 02/01/2002

    By P.N. Grabosky

    Computer related crimes. The extent to which the telecommunications industry may be required to assist in the control of computer related crime will vary depending on the law enforcement and regulatory philosophies of respective nations [Cybercrime, Prevention of Crime, Treatment of Offenders, law enforcement]Notes on Discussion Guide for the Expert Meeting: Issues Relating to the Investigation of Computer Crime 02/01/2002

    By Peter Grabosky

    Computer related crimes. Whether its is legal for law enforcement agencies to engage in this activity to obtain information for criminal intelligence purposes (as opposed to evidentiary purposes) will depend on the law prevailing in each jurisdiction. [Cybercrime, law enforcement]Position Paper: Workshop on crimes related to the Computer Network 10/01/1998

    By

    Computer related crimes. [Cybercrime]Executive Order on Protecting the Privacy of Protected Health Information in Oversight Investigations 02/01/2002

    By William J Clinton (President)

    Protection of Privacy of patients []HEUNI 1998 Work Programme (HTML Format) 02/01/2002

    By

    Corruption and Organized Crime [Corruption]HEUNI 1998 Work Programme (Adobe Acrobat Format) 02/01/2002

    By

    Corruption and Organized Crime [Corruption]A National Review Initiative: The Federal Interdepartmental Family Violence Initiative (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By

    Government response to family violence. [Family Violence, Violence Against Women]Summary Report: South African Development Community (SADC) Conference on the Prevention of Violence Against Women (South Africa) 02/01/2002

    By Ministry of Justice South Africa.

    Reports on the action to form a conference to address violence against women in South Africa [Violence Against Women]Review Body for the Governor’s Office for Domestic Violence Prevention (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By

    Prevention of Domestic Violence [Human Rights, domestic violence, violence against women, sexual assault]Review Task Force Comprised of Governmental and Nongovernmental Representatives – Report of the British Columbia Task Force on Family Violence 02/01/2002

    By

    Family Violence [Human Rights, violence against women, family violence]Governmental Review Body – Review Body of the Minister of State at the Office of the Tanaiste Report of the Task Force on Violence Against Women (Ireland) 02/01/2002

    By

    Domestic Violence against women [Human Rights, Violence Against Women, domestic violence]Review Body of the Government of Canada – Canadian Advisory Council on The Status of Women Setting the Stage for the Next Century: The Federal Plan for Gender Equality 02/01/2002

    By

    Women’s Equality []Review Body for the Ministry for Equality and the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health (Finland) 02/01/2002

    By

    Promoting gender equality. Violence against Women [Human Rights, Violence Against Women]Report By the Government of Canada to the UN Commission on Human Rights: Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women (Canada) 02/03/2002

    By Advisory Council on the Status of Women Canada

    This report, summarized below, is the Government of Canada?s response to the request by the Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women to report on national strategies adopted since 1994 to combat violence against women, provide information and copies of official statistics compiled, and describe [Violence Against Women]Comprehensive Domestic Violence Legislation: Prevention of Family Violence Act 133 of 1993 and the Proposed Domestic Violence Bill (South Africa) 02/01/2002

    By

    The prevention of family violence [Human Rights, Violence Against Women, domestic violence]Prohibition in Legislation of Female Genital Mutilation. French Penal Code Art 312-3 (France) 02/01/2002

    By

    Violence resulting in mutilation [Law enforcement, violence against women]Definition of Stalking in the United States: Interstate Stalking Punishment and Prevention Act of 1996 (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By

    Violence against women, stalking. [Stalking, Violence Against Women]State Antistalking Legislation in Texas and Minnesota 02/01/2002

    By

    Anti stalking laws [Stalking, legislation, crime prevention, violence against women]Definition of Stalking: A Model Stalking Statute (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By

    Stalking statutes in the USA [Stalking, Violence Against Women]Comprehensive Legislation Dealing with Violence Against Women – Violence Against Women Act of 1998 (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By

    The Violence against women act makes it a federal offense to cross state lines to assault,stalk, or harass a spouse or intimate partner . [Law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Comprehensive Domestic Violence Legislation: Model Domestic Violence Legislation developed by Women, Law & Development International (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By

    Gender based violence and domestic violence against women. [Human Rights, Law enforcement, Violence Against Women, domestic violence]Included Relationships Contained in Definitions of Domestic Violence: Violence Against Women Act of 1998 (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By

    Domestic violence against women. [Law enforcement, domestic violence, Violence Against Women]Offences Under the Criminal Law Relating to Child Abuse in France 02/01/2002

    By

    Sexual assault against minors [Law enforcement]The Cruelty to Women (Deterrent Punishment) Ordinance 1993 (Bangladesh) 02/01/2002

    By

    Punishment for the cruelty to women [Human Trafficking, law enforcement, violence against women]Legislation Dealing with Firearms Restrictions – Canadian Criminal Code Section 100 (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By

    Orders prohibiting the possession of firearms. [Law enforcement]International Coordination Board Meeting Notes 02/03/2002

    By

    []International Coordination Board Meeting Notes (Ukrainian) 02/01/2002

    By

    []ICCLR Work Programme 02/01/2002

    By

    Corruption in foreign business transactions. [Money laundering, corruption]Formation Of Organized Crime In Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By

    [organized crime]Principles of International Cooperation in Fighting Crime 02/01/2002

    By

    [international cooperation]Terrorist Activities of Organized Crime Groups in Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By

    [terrorism, organized crime]Asocial Organized Groups as Entities 02/01/2002

    By

    []Ways of Furthering Legal Measures against Drug Addiction 02/01/2002

    By

    [drugs]Marginal Legal Consciousness and Crime 02/01/2002

    By

    []Certain Issues of Preventive Activities of State Service on Combating Economic Crime (SSCEC) 02/01/2002

    By

    []Government Policies Directing the Police with Respect to the Power of Arrest and Charging – The British Columbia Violence Against Women in Relationship Policy (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By

    Violence against women. [Law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Mandatory Arrest Policies in the United States: A Review and Critique of the Minneapolis Domestic Violence Police Experiment (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By National Institute of Justice and the American Bar Association

    Many states in the United States have introduced mandatory arrest policies whereby the discretion of the police to arrest is guided and by such policies. The MinneapolisDomestic Violence Police Experiment which was set up to test the deterrent effect on domestic violence of arrest and other police r [Law enforcement, domestic violence, Violence Against Women]Policy on the Responsibilities of Police Officers in Spousal Assault Cases – Department of Justice Canada, Crown Counsel Policy Manual 1993 Part V, Chapter 7 on Spousal Assault (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By

    Prosecution of spousal violence. [Law enforcement]Government Grants to Encourage Arrest Policies: The U.S. Department of Justice Violence Against Women Grants Office (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By

    Grants on the Domestic Violence against women. [Law enforcement, Violence Against Women, domestic violence]Evaluation of Alternative Prosecutorial Policies – The Indianapolis Domestic Violence Prosecution Experiment (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By David Ford, Mary Jean Regoli

    The Indianapolis Domestic Violence Prosecution Experiment was conducted in the early 1990s to examine the effectiveness of alternative prosecutorial policies in reducing renewed violence by misdemeanour battery defendants against their partners. The following extract describing the findings of this [Law enforcement, domestic violence, Violence Against Women]Approaches in Prosecuting Domestic Violence Cases with Reluctant Victims – The Milwaukee Approaches (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By

    The approach taken in Milwaukee on prosecuting domestic violence cases. [Law enforcement, Domestic Violence, Violence Against Women]Government Directed Prosecutorial Policy – Department of Justice Canada, Crown Counsel Policy Manual 1993 Part V, Chapter 7 on Spousal Assault (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By

    Spousal Assault [Law enforcement]Specialised Family Violence Courts with Specialised Prosecutors – Winnipeg Family Violence Court, Manitoba (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By

    Family violence. [family violence, violence against women, domestic violence, child abuse]Government Policies Relating to Prosecutorial Powers – The British Columbia Violence Against Women in Relationship Policy (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By

    Violence against women in relationships. [Human Rights, Violence Against Women]Evidentiary Rule Relating to Past Sexual History – The Rules of Criminal Procedure, section 68 (Germany) 02/01/2002

    By German Rules of Criminal Procedure

    A provision in the German rules of criminal procedure (section 68) which prevents victims of rape from being asked questions about their previous sexual experience. [Victims of Crime, Rape, Violence Against Women]Evidentiary Rule of Past Sexual History: Proposed Model Rape Shield Statute (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By

    Victims of rape and sexual assault. [Victims of Crime, Rape, Rape shield statutes, Violence Against Women]Evidentiary Rules of Past Sexual History and Disclosure of Personnel Records – Canadian Criminal Code S. 277 and 278(1)- 9(1) (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By

    Disclosure of personnel records,evidence of sexual reputation. []Guidelines for Criminal Justice Personnel Working with Aboriginal Child Witnesses: Working With Aboriginal Child Victim Witnesses (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By

    A report produced to help authorities better meet the needs of Aboriginal child victim witnesses as they go throught the justice system. [Victims of Crime]Legislation Dealing with Voluntary Intoxication – Penal Code Texas (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By

    The Penal code of Texas dealing with Intoxication by self administration. [Intoxication]Legislation Dealing with Voluntary Intoxication – Tennessee Code (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By

    The Intoxication law under the Tennessee Code [Intoxication]Legislation Dealing with Voluntary Intoxication – The Canadian Criminal Code (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By

    Self inflicted intoxication. [Intoxication]Legislation Dealing with Evidentiary Rules of Other Acts of Sexual Assault or Molestation by a Perpetrator: U.S. Federal Rules of Evidence 413-415 (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By

    Evidentiary rules of other acts of sexual assault or molestation of a perpetrator. [Sexual assault, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Legislation Primarily Dealing with Protection Orders: Victims of Domestic Violence Act, Saskatchewan (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By

    Victims of Domestic Violence Act. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, Violence Against Women]Procedures for Protection Orders Contained in Domestic Violence Legislation: the Domestic Violence Law Act No. 10 of 1991 (Trinidad & Tobago) 02/01/2002

    By

    Domestic Violence act.Provides legal protection for victims of Domestic Violence. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, Violence Against Women]Binding Over Orders Contained in Criminal Law Legislation – Criminal Code Section 810 Peace Bonds (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By

    Orders contained in Criminal Law Legislation. [Threatening, intimidation, assault.]Brochure on Peace Bonds and Restraining 03/01/1996

    By

    Peace bonds and restraining orders as a way to protect yourself from violence in a relationship.f [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Proposed Legislation Primarily Dealing with Protection in Domestic Violence Cases: Domestic Abuse Act: Drafted by the Alberta Law Reform Institute (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By

    Protection of Domestic Violence cases. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, Violence Against Women]Legislation Providing Procedures to Ensure Safety for Victims: The Victims of Family Violence Act, Prince Edward Island (Canada) 03/01/1994

    By

    Proposal for family violence Legislation. []Specialized Domestic Violence Courts Provide Safety Measures for Victims – Domestic Violence Courts in Ontario (Canada) 12/01/1997

    By

    The focus on prevention and breaking the cycle of domestic abuse while ensuring that abusers are held accountable for their crimes. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]The ‘K’ Flagging System: A Survey of Spousal Assaults Reported to Police in B.C. 93 – 94 (Canada) 03/01/1993

    By

    “K” flagging which is used primarily to track spousal assault cases throughout the criminal justice system [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Specialised Police Unit – Domestic Violence & Criminal Harassment Unit Vancouver Police Department (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By Vancouver Police Department

    The criminal harrassment unit provides training to in-service members when practicable. [Harrassment, domestic violence, violence against women]Guide for Criminal Justice Agencies: The San Francisco Police Department’s General Order on Domestic Violence (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By

    The process of which police domestic violence policies differs from jurisdiction to the next. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, Violence Against Women]Police General Order for Consistent Enforcement – Duluth Police Department, Duluth, Minnesota (United States of America) 11/01/1993

    By Duluth Police Department

    Proper procedures for arresting someone in a Domestic Violence case. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Police Order Regarding the Data to be Contained on Incident Reports: Department Special Order 08/12/81 – San Francisco Police Department (United States of America) 08/01/1981

    By San Francisco Police Department

    List of data to be included in arrest reports for domestic violence [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Some Measures Taken by the Community Oriented Policing Services Office of the US Department of Justice (United States of America) 09/01/1996

    By

    The community Policing to combat Domestic Violence Program. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, Violence Against Women]Model Protocol for Police Response to Domestic Violence (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By

    The core feature of the model protocol is the provision that police should arrest the assailant in a domestic violence case whenever arrest is authorized. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Uniform Investigative Techniques – Royal Canadian Mounted Police Sexual Assault Kits (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By

    Sexual assault kit and its instructions. [Sexual assault, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]DNA Testing for Evidence and Law Enforcement (United States of America) 06/01/1998

    By Victor Walter Weeden and John W. Hicks

    This article talks about DNA testing and how it has become an established part of the criminal justice system. The article also discusses how the full potential of DNA testing, to identify perpetrators and exonerate people falsely convicted, has yet to be realized. [DNA testing, Law enforcement, technology]Domestic Violence Emergency Response System (DVERS) (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By

    This article is about the Domestic Violence Emergency Response System which is a silent safety alarm that can be worn by women who are at risk of violence. The divise can link battered women to police within seconds. [Domestic Violence, Victims of Crime, Emergency Response System, Violence Against Women]Safety Audits and the Duluth Model (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By Ellen Pence and Coral McDonnell

    An exerpt from Pence and McDonnell’s article “Safety Audits and the Duluth Model” which is about the Duluth model of policy making in regard to Domestic Violence. [Domestic Violence, Victims of Crime, Law Enforcement, Policy Making, Violence Against Women]Divisional Domestic Violence Liaison Officer by the Royal Ulster Constabulary in Northern Ireland (Ireland) 02/01/2002

    By Royal Ulster Constabulary in Northern Ireland

    This article is about two pilot projects in Northern Ireland designed to aid women who suffer from domestic abuse. [Domestic Violence, Victims of Crime,Law Enforcement, Violence Against Women]Family Violence Follow-up Team in Edmonton (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By

    This article is about the Family Violence Follow-up Team in Edmonton which is a good example of an integrated and collaborative response to family violence. It is a joint response team consisting of a social worker and a detective that follows up on cases of family violence. [Domsetic violence, Family Violence, Law emforcement, Violence Against Women]LAPD Gender Balance and Reform Passed by the Los Angeles City Council (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By

    This article is about the National Center for Women and Policing, which was launched by the Feminist Majority Foundation, and is the first nation wide resource for women police. The center seeks to increase the number of women police by providing training, research, education and action programs [Law Enforcement, Equal Opportunity, Women]A Study of Effectiveness of Enforcing the Law of Ukraine On the Fight against Corruption 02/03/2002

    By

    []Interrelationship of Corruption, Organized Crime, and Racketeering Activity 02/01/2002

    By

    [Corruption,Organized Crime,Rackeeteering]A Case Study in the Work of Organized Crime Operational Units and Investigative Divisions of the Ukrainian Interior Ministry (MVS) 02/01/2002

    By

    [Corruption,Organized Crime,]Issues in Accessibility of Justice and Legal Assistance 02/01/2002

    By

    [Justice,Legal Assistance]Privatization: Socio-Psychological Factors in the Growth of Criminality. A Case Study in Opinion Polls 02/01/2002

    By

    []Marginalized Person: Self-Identification Issues and Domestic Violence 02/01/2002

    By

    [domestic violence, Violence Against Women]Legal Defense of Law Enforcement Agencies in Criminal Proceedings 02/01/2002

    By

    []Efforts against Crime must be Comprehensive and Effective 02/01/2002

    By

    []Social, Legal, and Psychological Causes of Female Crime Recidivism 02/01/2002

    By

    []Issues of Financial Control over Illicitly Gained Funds 02/01/2002

    By

    []A Formation Mechanism of Corrupt Organizational and Managerial Personnel in Shadow Business 02/01/2002

    By

    []Compensation to Victims of Crimes. A Comparative Analysis 02/01/2002

    By

    []Corruption as a Social Base and Political Basis for Organized Crime and Terrorism 02/01/2002

    By

    []The Importance of Local Authorities International Relations for Crime Prevention 02/03/2002

    By

    []Adolescent Aggressiveness in Phenomenological Terms 02/01/2002

    By

    []Primacy of International Law Provisions in Combating Terrorism 02/01/2002

    By

    []Interrelationship of Organized Crime and Terrorism 02/01/2002

    By

    []Institutional and Legal Bases for Combating Terrorism 02/01/2002

    By

    []International Counterterrorism Cooperation: Trends in the Development of Criminal Procedural Institutions 02/01/2002

    By

    []Social and Psychological Factors in Terrorism Reproduction 02/01/2002

    By

    []International Terrorism and Terrorist International 02/01/2002

    By

    []Criminal Terrorism as a Manifestation of Organized Crime 02/01/2002

    By

    []TERRORISM AS A MENACE TO THE INTERNATIONAL AND NATIONAL SECURITY OF UKRAINE 02/01/2002

    By

    [Terrorism]Comparative analysis of terrorism and crimes of terrorist nature 02/01/2002

    By

    []On The Economic And Criminological Characteristics Of The Corruption In Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By

    []Smuggling as an International Manifestation of the Organized Crime and a Basis for the Shadow Economy of Ukraine: Problems and Aspects of Counteraction 02/01/2002

    By

    []THE PROBLEMS OF ENSURING THE IMPORT RETURN TO THE BUDGET AND THE METHODS FOR THEIR SOLUTION 02/01/2002

    By

    []On Combating Against Crimes Committed By Using Computer Technologies 02/01/2002

    By

    [Cybercrime]On the Results of the Study of the Causes and Conditions that Favour Crimes in the Sphere of Privatization of State Property 02/01/2002

    By

    []The International Cooperation of Ukraine in Combating the Smuggling a Search for Accused 02/03/2002

    By

    []The Notion of Smuggling of People in the Context of Illegal Immigration 02/01/2002

    By

    []Illegal Immigration Issues in Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By

    []Organization of combating the smuggling of narcotic substances, psychotropic substances and precursors 02/01/2002

    By

    []Smuggling of Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances, and Precursor Chemicals 02/01/2002

    By

    []Anti-Smuggling Activity: The Essence and Feasibility of Compromise in Criminal Justice 02/01/2002

    By

    [trafficking, transnational organized crime]Principles of International Law on the Protection of Crime Victims 02/01/2002

    By

    []Threat of Terrorism in Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By

    []Terrorism: legal definition and essence 02/01/2002

    By

    []Terrorism and Organized Crime 02/01/2002

    By

    []Terrorism in the sphere of present-day financial relations: criminological aspect 02/01/2002

    By

    []Fear of terrorism as criminogenic factor 02/01/2002

    By

    []Illegal Migration and Terrorism 02/01/2002

    By

    [human trafficking, terrorism]The issues of combating terrorism and gangsterism 02/03/2002

    By

    []Criminal Activity Expert Evaluations of Organized Crime Groups. Methodological Principles of a Survey 02/01/2002

    By

    []Issues in Negotiating with Terrorists who Took Hostages 02/01/2002

    By

    []Issues of Improving Selected Bodies of Terrorism-Related Crimes in the Draft of the Criminal Code of Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By

    []The Concept of Criminological Characteristics of Violent Crimes 02/01/2002

    By

    []Criminology of Negligence 02/01/2002

    By

    []Politico-Criminological Analysis of Corruption, Shadow Economy, and Organized Crime in Post-Socialist Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By

    []Female Crime 02/01/2002

    By

    []Interrelationship between Migration Processes and Crime in Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By

    []Characteristics of Victims of Violent Conduct and Measures on Prevention of Victimization 02/01/2002

    By

    []Recidive Criminality and the Effectiveness of a Penalty of Deprivation of Liberty 02/01/2002

    By

    []Psychological Mechanisms of Deviant Behavior 02/01/2002

    By

    []Criminological characteristic of hooliganism: its reasons and conditions 02/01/2002

    By

    []Psychological and Legal Issues of Juvenile Victimization 02/01/2002

    By

    []Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms: Its Use in Courts of European Countries and Prospects for its Application in Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By

    []On the Subject of Jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights 02/01/2002

    By

    []Classification of Constitutional Personal and Civil Rights and Freedoms of the Human Person 02/01/2002

    By

    []Crime prevention in the sphere of family domestic relationship 02/01/2002

    By

    []Human Rights and the Ilascu Trial 02/01/2002

    By Amnesty International

    A group of articles discussing various subjects related to human rights and the Ilascu Trial. [Human Rights,Courts]Fact Sheet: Contending with Illegal Drugs at Home and Abroad 06/01/1998

    By State Department

    A State Department fact sheet on U.S. efforts to combat the domestic and international drug problem. [Drugs and Crime, International lssues]IMPACT powerpoint Presentation 02/01/2002

    By International Managers of Police Academy and College Training

    A powerpoint presentation from the International Managers of Police Academy and College Training (IMPACT). [Law Enforcement,International Issues,]Case Study: Search & Seizure 11/01/1998

    By Gregory Paul Schaffer

    A table of contents page to a website on Search and Seizure. [Search and Seizure,Crime,Victims of Crime,Human Rights]INS, Central American Governments Disrupt Alien Smuggling Operations 10/01/2000

    By U.S. State Department

    An INS press release stating that the “largest multinational anti-smuggling operation ever conducted in the Western Hemisphere” has culminated in the arrest of 38 alien smugglers, one of whom is reputed to be among the most wanted migrant traffickers in Latin America. [Ailien smuggling, International Issues]Immigration Service Marks New Record in Deportation 11/01/1999

    By Immigration an Natualization Service

    The U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) announced November 12 that its agents removed almost 177,000 illegal aliens in the fiscal year ending September 30, 1999, a 3-percent increase over the previous fiscal year. [Deportation,Drugs and crime,securtity issues,criminal illegal aliens]Internet Grants Program: Mailing List (Ukrainian, .rtf, 80K) 10/01/1999

    By

    The Ukrainian Rule of Law Information Network’s (ROLIN) mailing list. [Internet Grants Program]Government 02/01/2002

    By

    [Government]Judicial and Probation Guidelines for Disposition of Misdemeanour Domestic-Related Offences, St. Louis County Court, Duluth (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By G.A. Goolkasian

    Judicial and Probation guidelines used by the St.Louis County Court. The guidelines are for probation officers in the disposition of misdemeanour, criminal cases involving domestic related offenses. [misdemeanour domestic crime]Recommendations for Judges in Sentencing in Domestic Violence Cases Involving Drug and Alcohol Abuse The Dade County Domestic Violence Court Experiment United States of America 02/01/2002

    By John S Goldkamp,Doris Welland,Mark Collins,Michael White

    An abstract from the national institute of justice and the american bar association research report legal interventions in family violence. It includes findings and implications drawn from the Dade County’s Domestic Violence Court Experiment and includes implications for judges in terms of sentancin [Drug and Alcohol Abuse,Domestic Violence,Victims of Crime, violence against women]Sex Offender Registration and Notification Laws (United States of America) 03/01/1998

    By Dena Sacco

    Initiatives on Sex Offender community notification programmes in the U.S. and an evaluation of these initiatives are discussed in this article. [Sex Crimes,Victims of Crime,Sex Offender Registry, Violence Against Women]Partnership Between Government and Private Organisation to Provide Notification Services to Victims – DAISI Programme (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By DAISI

    This article discusses the DAISI programme, which is a victim notification system. This system alerts victims of domestic crime regarding the release of the perpetrator. [Domestic Violence, Victim Notification, Violence Against Women]Offender Treatment Programme – The Nonbeating Choice: Alternative to Violence (Finland) 02/01/2002

    By Sirkka Liisa Aaltio, Pirkko Kiviaho, Lasse Reijomaa

    This article is about a project called the non-beating choice which was set up as a support centre for breaking off from family violence where men could discuss their violent behaviour and take part in treatment programmes. [Domestic Violence, Victims of Crime, Law Enforcement, Violence Against Women]Community-based Program for Intervention in Domestic Violence including Treatment for Violent Men – Domestic Abuse Intervention Project (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

    This article discusses a Community – based program for intervention in domestic violence including traatment for violent men. It is a comprehensive community based program for intervention in domestic violence cases. [Domestic Violence, Family Violence, Juveniles, Victims of Crime, Violence Against Women]Sex Offender Risk Assessment SORA (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By Dr. R.L. Atkinson, P.Randall Kropp, D.R. Laws, and Stephen D. Hart

    This article is about the sex offender risk assessment (SORA) instrument which was developed in 1995 as a specialized risk/needs assessment instrument to be used in sex offender cases. [Sex Offenders, Violence Against Women]Spousal Assault Risk Assessment (SARA) (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By

    This article is about the spousal assault risk assessment (SARA) which is an instrument that assesses any actual, attempted, or threatened physical harm perpetrated by a man or woman against someone with whom he or she has had an intimate sexual relationship. [Spousal Abuse,repeat offenders]Education & Action Kit: White Ribbon Campaign/Men Against Violence Against Women (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By

    This article is about the White Ribbon campaign which is a pledge to never commit, condone, or remain silent about violence against women. [Violence against women]Breaking the Cycle of Violence The City of Toronto Safe City Committee Canada 02/01/2002

    By

    The city of Toronto’s Safe city committee was established in 1989 to monitor implementation of the municipal policy aimed at preventing violence against women and other vulnerable groups. [Domestic Violence, Violence Against Women]The Woman Safety Audit Canada 02/01/2002

    By Federation of Canadian Municipalities

    This article is about the Women Safety Audit which is a tool in Canada which identifies features of the built environment which threaten women’s security. [Domestic Violence, Women’s Safety, Violence Against Women]US DOJ Domestic Violence Awareness: What You Can Do (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By

    A booklet produced by the U.S. Dept. of Justice to show how each individual can do more to combat violence against women. [Domestic Violence, Family Violence, Juveniles, Victims of Crime, Violence Against Women]The Community Kit (Canada) 02/01/2002

    By

    This is a resource book to help communitites work together to prevent violence against women and improve services to victims of Domestic Violence. [Domsetic Violence, Women’s Safety, Law Enforcement, Victims of Crime, Violence Against Women]Raising Awareness: Domestic Violence Workplace Education Day United States of America 10/01/1998

    By National Workplace Resource Center on Domestic Violence

    Raising Awareness: “Domestic Violence Workplace Education Day” ManyCompanies around the United States held events to help raise the awareness of their employees about Domestic Violence and how to spot it. [Domsetic Violence, Women’s Safety, Law Enforcement, Victims of Crime, Violence Against Women]The Womens Human Rights Training Initiative United States of America 02/01/2002

    By

    Training Initiative to teach guidelines to using Human Rights Law and the mechanisms to defend Women””s rights. [Human rights, Women’s rights,International Issues, Violence Against Women]Implementation of the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act 06/01/2000

    By Office of the Press Secretary

    Sanctions imposed against significant foreign drug traffickers pursuant to the New Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act. [Drugs and Crime, Trafficking, International Issues, Kingpin Act]How to Control Corruption in South East Europe (the Case of Bulgaria) 02/01/2002

    By Ivan Krastev

    The growing problem of corruption around the world. [Corruption, Organized crime, Law Enforcement, Anticorruption]Effective Treatment Measures for Prisoners to Facilitate their Reintegration into Society: The Ghanaian Experience 02/01/2002

    By Asiedu William Kwandwo

    Effective treatment measures for prisoners to facilitate their reintergration into society: The Ghanaian exoerience [Penal system, treatment of prisoners, rehabilitation of prisoners]Statement of Dr. Louise I. Shelley before the House of Representatives’ Committee on International Relations, October 1, 1997 10/01/1999

    By Dr. Louise I. Shelley

    Coordinated national and international policies on fighting organized crime. [Transnational crime,corruption,Organized Crime,Drugs and Crime, Drug trafficking]Some Old and Some New Experiences: Criminal Justice and Corrections in Finland 02/01/2002

    By Matti Laine

    Criminal Justice and corrections in Finland [Criminal Law, Prisons, Crime, corrections]Rio Arriba County Strategy to Combat Heroin Addiction 03/01/1999

    By Committee on Appropriations United States Senate

    Senate hearing on drug and alcohol abuse,treatment and intervention. [Addiction, Drug abuse, Alcohol abuse, drug and alcohol treatment]LEPCs and Deliberate Releases: Addressing Terrorist Activities in the Local Emergency Plan 05/01/2001

    By Chemical Emergency Preperation and Prevention Officer

    Addressing Terrorist activities in the local Emergency Plan. How to incorporate cpunter-terrorism measures in their current plans. [Terrorism, biological, chemical, emergency response]Lockerbie Trial Briefing Unit Discusses Trial of Libyan Suspects 11/01/1999

    By Rick Marshall

    Trial for Pan Am 103 suspects: Lockerbie trial briefing unit discusses trial of Libyan suspects. Trial of the Century for Scotland. [Lockerbie, terrorism, mass murder, International Issues]Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Assessment Process 02/01/2002

    By John Dukovich

    Constrained budgets cause law enforcement and corrections departments to more rigorously justify technology purchases. Determine the technologies most cost effective, also, sound quantifiable justifications may help officials get the funding they need. [Law Enforcement, Technology, Corrections, Criminal Justice,]Summary of Steve Jackson Games case 250,000 dollars damages awarded against US re ECPA violation 04/01/1995

    By Kevin Manson, J.D.

    Discussion of the Privacy Protection Act and obtaining information from computers via subpoena or search warrant. The Privacy Protection Act in Cyberspace. [Cyberspace, Cybercrime, Privacy Protection Act, Computer Crime,]The National Money Laundering Strategy for 2000 03/01/2000

    By Lawrence H. Summers,Secretary of the Treasury and Janet Ren, Attorney General

    The National Money Laundering Strategy outlines a comprehensive, intergrated approach to combating money laundering at home and around the world. [Money Laundering,Drug Trafficking,Organized Crime,Terrorism.Law Enforcement]U.S. Treasury and Justice Departments Issue 2000 Money Laundering Strategy 03/01/2000

    By U.S. Treasury and Justice Departments

    The Departments of Treasury and Justice unveiled the Administration’s National Money Laundering Strategy for 2000 today, laying down a comprehensive and detailed plan for combating money laundering. [Money Laundering,Drug Trafficking,Organized Crime,Terrorism.Law Enforcement]Position Paper 1 10/01/1998

    By Miura Mamoru, Sogi Tetsuya, Natori Toshiya, Nikuchi Hiroshi

    Crimes related to the Computer Network. Situation of crimes related to the computer network in each country. [Cybercrime, Computers, International Issues]Position Paper 2 10/01/1998

    By Miura Mamoru, Sogi Tetsuya, Natori Toshiya, Nikuchi Hiroshi

    Problems in the investigation of crimes related to the computer network in various countries Possibility to allow investigative authorities to obtain data from cooperative persons who have the right to access such data. [Cybercrime, Computers, International Issues]Stopping Money Laundering Requires International Cooperation 02/01/2000

    By Barry R, McCaffrey, Director Office of National Drug Control Policy

    Stopping Money Laundering Requires International Cooperation.An essential aspect of the fight against illegal drugs is an attack upon the profits made by the drug cartels. Traffickers enter the drug business as a quick way to make money. [Money Laundering,Drug Trafficking,Organized Crime,Terrorism.Law Enforcement]OSCE Defines Trafficking in Human Beings as Slavery 11/01/1999

    By Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.

    OSCE defines Trafficking in Human Beings as Slavery. It predominately involves women and children. [Human Trafficking,Human Rights,Victims of Crime,Law Enforcement,International Issues, violence against women]NCSC Glossary of Computer Security Terms 10/01/1988

    By Patrick R. Gallagher, Jr. Director National Computer Security Center

    Field of computer security [Cybercrime]New Rules on Transfer of Foreign Currency through the Border 02/01/2002

    By

    []Conference Notes, November 10-14, 1999 11/01/1999

    By J. Finckenauer and Dennis kenney

    Concept and development of research, plan of gathering information, points of view and fundamental questions. [Organized Crime,Drug Trafficking,Human Trafficking,]A National Security Strategy for A New Century 12/01/1999

    By The White House

    A National Security Strategy for A New Century [International Issures, Security, Drugs and Crime, Health, Nuclear Disarmament]Protection of the Life of the Minor by the Criminal Legislation of Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By

    []Rule of Law Series: Transnational Organized Crime 08/01/1998

    By Yuri A. Voronin

    Common tendencies in the development of Transnational Crime. The largest Transnational criminal societies. The main kinds of criminal activity for Transnational Crime Organizations. The strategy to control Transnational organized crime at the National and International levels. [Transnational Crime,International Issues,Organized Crime, transnational organized crime]OSCE Efforts in Conflict Setlement 02/01/1999

    By

    HELLE DEGN: THE POLITICAL SOLUTION OF THE TRANSNISTRIAN CONFLICT MAY START WITH THE NEGOTIATIONS REGARDING THE EVACUATION OF THE RUSSIAN ARSENAL AND MILITARY TROOPS [Negotiations,Evacuation,demining]Legal Impediments for Information Sharing 02/01/1997

    By Legal Foundation

    Limiting Liabiblity of the Federal Government,National Security Concerns,Government Protection of Private Sector Information. [Infrastructure,Cybercrime,Privacy,Law Enforcement]Operation 02/01/2002

    By

    Since the beginning of this year, were disclosed 6 underground factories producing falsified vodka and wines, and arrested over 10 tons of ready-made drinks kept at their warehouses. [Alcohol, homemade vodka]Position Paper: Canadian Response to the Questions Raised in the Discussion Guide for the Expert Meeting 10/01/1998

    By

    Problems in various countries concerning the investigation of crimes related to computer network. [Cybercrime, technology, Law Enforcement, International Issues, Privacy]Position Paper: Scope and Underlying Issues of the Workshop 10/01/1998

    By Donald K. Piragoff

    Scope and underlyiing issues of the workshop to be held during thr tenth United Nations Congress on the prevention of crime and the treatment of offenders. [Cybercrime, technology, Law Enforcement, International Issues, Privacy]Strengthening Accountability in the New Global Police Culture 09/01/1999

    By Christopher Stone

    Around the globe, nations formerly governed by authoritarian regimes are embracing democracy, yet the police in many of these states are becoming more powerful and sometimes more brutal—not more restrained. This paradox is evident in countries as different as Hungary, Brazil, and South Africa [Law Enforcement,Corruption,Organized Crime,Terrorism]The United Nations Experts Group Meeting on Crimes Related to Computer Networks. Tokyo, Japan, October 5-9, 1998. Report of the UN Asia and Far East Institute. 10/01/1998

    By

    Preparation for the Tenth United Congress On the Crime Prevention and the Treatment of Offenders [Cybercrime]RESOLUTION of the International Round Table on Combating Trafficking in Women and Children with the Purpose of their Sexual Exploitation and Involvement in Pornobusiness 05/01/2000

    By International Round Table

    Resoulution of the International “Round Table” on “Combating Trafficking in Women and children with the purpose of their Sexual Exploitation and Involvement in Porno Business.” The Participants discussed the reports and presentations and considered a number of political, legislative, social – econom [Human Trafficking,Human Rights,Modern Slavery,Sex Trade,Victims of Crime, prostitution, juvenile crime, crimes against women, violence against women]THE PROGRAM of the International Round table on Combating Trafficking in Women and Children with the Purpose of their Sexual Exploitation and Involvement in Pornobusiness 05/01/2000

    By Department of Criminal Law and Justice

    “Combating Trafficking in Women and Children with the Purpose of their Sexual Exploitation and Involvement in Porno Business.”Study and enlighten the problem, defining ways and methods for preventing such phenomenon in Ukraine. [Human Trafficking,Human Rights,Modern Slavery,Sex Trade,Victims of Crime, juvenile crime, child prostitution, violence against women]Russian Criminal Code 1996 08/01/1996

    By Foreign Broadcast Information Service

    1996 Russian Federation Criminal Code. [Criminal Code,Crime,cybercrime,]Russian Mafia in America: Immigration, Culture, and Crime 01/01/1998

    By James O. Finckenauer and Elin J. Waring

    Russian Mafia in America examines Russian organized crime in the United States. Law enforcement sources and interviews are used to analyze intelligence, indictments, and trial transcripts for cases involving crimes by Russian emigres. The study focuses primarily on the New York City metropolitan a [Organized Crime,Russian Mafia,Black Market,Law Enforcement]DOD Official Testifies on U.S. Efforts to Help Colombia 04/01/2000

    By Brian E. Sheridan

    Discussion of the Department of Defense’s perspective on the growing Columbian drug threat as well as our intergrated programs designed to assist the Government of Columbia in its efforts to address this scourge. [Drugs and Crime,Law Enforcement,Human Rights]National Bank of Ukraine Decided to Liquidate the Bank Slaviansky 02/01/2002

    By

    A group of Slaviansky Bank depositors sent a letter to Russia’s president asking for his assistance in the return of their deposits from the crisis-ridden bank. [Bank liquidation]Fund Ready to Pay Slaviansky Depositors Compensation 02/01/2002

    By

    [Bank liquidation,Compensation]STA Transfers Assets of Slaviansky Bank to Liquidation Commission 02/01/2002

    By

    []Foreign Policy In Focus: Drug Certification 09/01/1998

    By Bill Spencer

    Effectiveness of the Drug Certification policy of the United States and how it is resented in Latin America and elsewhere as a unilateral, sometime arbitrary and hypocritical exercise by the world’s largest consumer of illegal drug. [Drugs and Crime,Violence,Corruption,Addiction,Drug Trade,International Issues,]V.Yusсhenko about Entry of Ukraine to WTO 02/03/2002

    By

    []L.Kuchma about Civic Society 02/01/2002

    By

    []L.Kuchma about the Investigation of Gongadze Case 02/01/2002

    By

    []V.Udovichenko about Chernobyl 02/01/2002

    By

    []P.Lazarenko about Political Conspiracy Against Him 02/01/2002

    By

    []Statistics 12/01/2000

    By

    []National Drug Control Strategy Strategic Goals and Objectives 02/01/2002

    By

    Stratgic Goals and Objectives in the fight against drugs, alcohol and tobacco use in America’s youth with Communication, Truth, Love and Honesty. [Drugs and Crime,Law Enforcement,Drug Trade,Addiction,Treatment]U.S. National Drug Control Strategy: 2000 Annual Report 01/01/2000

    By

    Strategic Goals and Objectives in the fight against drugs, alcohol and tobacco abuse in America’s youth with Communication, Truth, Love and Honesty. [Drugs and Crime,Law Enforcement,Drug Trade,Addiction,Treatment]The Portrayal of Violence in the Media: Impacts and Implications for Policy 06/01/1996

    By Melanie Brown

    The association between exposure to violence in entertainment anf violent behaviour. This paper explores the complexities of this problem in the context of the different forms of visual entertainment, and proposes a number of policy options for addressing the issue. [Media Control,Television Violence,Video games,aggression]Ambassador Bremer Testifies on U.S. National Terrorism Commission Proposals 06/01/2000

    By Ambassador L.Paul Bremer

    U.S. needs to better assess terrorist planning. Terrorism today has many faces, ranging from chemical and biological threats to cyber-attacks on computers that regulate key national infrastructures and defense, all of which call for changes in the way the federal government and its agencies combat t [Terrorism, Biological, Chemical, Cybercrime, infrastructure]Glasnost II — An Unfinished Russian National Anthem With An Emerging Democratic Chorus: Russian And Global Corruption Is At A Critical Crossroads 02/01/2002

    By Keith Henderson Co-director of the Transnational Crime and Corruption Center at American University

    The main objective is to undertake academic and applied research on global crime and corruption problems, through creative multi-disciplinary partnerships with scholars and practitioners in targeted countries. [Corruption,Money Laundering,Organized Crime,Transnational Crime,International Issues]The Matsqui Risk Of Recidvism Scale 03/01/1999

    By Martin G. Smith

    The object of the original project was to determine whether there is a latent pattern of repetitive behavior within a specific study group and whether this behavior could be translated as indicative of personality type. [Repetitive Behavior,Personality Types,Personality Disorders,Conduct Disorder,Antisocial]The End of Bank Secrecy in Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By

    []The Law on Banking: Bank Secrecy 02/01/2002

    By

    []The Law on Bankruptcy: Crimes Provisions 02/01/2002

    By

    []The New Power of Ukrainian Tax Authorities 02/01/2002

    By

    []Firearm-related Violence: The Impact of the Nationwide Agreement on Firearms 05/01/1999

    By Jenny Mouzos

    Proposal for a National Gun Control Policy and how it took an act of savagery unperecedented in peacetime to produce a coalition of interest unprecedented in peacetime – in its breadth, its depth and its strength to resolve. [Crime,Law Enforcement,Gun Control,Firearms,Victims of Crime,Violence]Capacity-building in Law Enforcement 07/01/1999

    By David H. Bayley

    The advantages and disadvatages of community policing versus traditional policing due to the global nature of some crimes such as illicit drug and people trafficking, terrosrism and money laundering to name a few. [Law Enforcement,Crime Control,Zero Tolerance,Drugs and Crime,Terrorism,Money Laundering]Identity-related Economic Crime: Risks and Countermeasures 09/01/1999

    By Russell G. Smith

    The difficulty in establishing a person’s identity is a boon to criminals with the advancement of electronic communications technologies. [Identity Fraud,Identity Theft,Crime,Victims of Crime,Cybercrime,Economic Crime]Australian Corrections : The Imprisonment of Indigenous People 11/01/1999

    By Carlos Carcach, Anna Grant and Rowena Conroy

    The operation of the criminal justice system, including police, the courts and incarceration, is a public policy matter that impacts on some sectors of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. [Aboriginal, Deaths in custody, Corrections, Prisons, Custodial Mortality]Drug Use Monitoring in Australia (DUMA): Preliminary Results from the Southport Site, 1999 12/01/1999

    By Toni makkai and Marni Feather

    Measure drug use amongst those people who have been arrested and held in custody by police. The focus of the paper is on the urinalysis results from one of the DUMA sites—the Southport watchhouse on the Gold Coast in Queensland. findings include: [Drugs and Crime,Drug Testing,Law Enforcement,Overdose Deaths]The Historical Development of Treatment for Adolescent Sex Offenders 02/01/2000

    By Anna Grant

    A common reaction to Adolescent sex offenders is to seek punishment because the pain and trauma for victims is so severe, but early intervention yields greater results. This paper examines approaches to treatment and shows how different approaches can prevent further offending by identified offender [Adolescent Sex Offenders,Sexual Abuse,Juveniles,Victims of Crime]Stealing Telecommunications Service 04/01/1996

    By Russell G. Smith

    crimes have been committed either through the misuse of telecommunications equipment, or against telecommunications equipment. Every technological development has provided a new opportunity for criminality which has often been utilised. [Telecommunication and Crime,Technology,Fraud,Cybercrime]Women in policing 07/01/1996

    By Vicki Wilkinson and Irene D. Froyland

    The role of women police has changed considerably since the appointment of the first female officers in New South Wales in 1915. Police organisations need to demonstrate an understanding of, and identification with, all their clients. Failure to do so compromises the crucial role of police in our so [Law Enforcement,Female Police,Recruitment.]Violent Crime in Australia: Interpreting the Trends 1996 10/01/1996

    By David Indermaur

    Fear of violent crime is greater today than in recent memory. So too are Australian police statistics on the incidence of violent crime. The interpretation of cime statistics and of public attitudes should, however, be undertaken with care. [Violent Crime trends,Crime,Law Enforcement,Victimization,Victims of Crime]Fraud: An Overview of Current and Emerging Risks 11/01/1996

    By P.N. Graboshy and Russell G. Smith

    Crime is a changing phenomenon. Some activities which in years past were perceived as gravely threatening to the social fabric are now quaintly archaic. Highway robbery is a case in point. Other activities, such as criminal exploitation of on-line commerce, which were inconceivable less than a de [Cybercrime, Telecommunications, Law Enforcement,]Detaining Aboriginal Juveniles as a last resort: Variations from the theme 12/01/1996

    By Lynn Atkinson

    In September 1993, an Indigenous juvenile was 17 times more likely to be held in custody in Australia than a non-Indigenous juvenile, but by June 1996 the likelihood of detention was 21 times greater. [Aboriginal, Juveniles, Deaths in custody, Corrections, Prisons, Custodial Mortality]Firearm-related Violence in Australia 05/01/1997

    By Satyanshu Mukherjee

    Identify the use of firearms in the context of all violent deaths in Australia over the last years, the relative place of firearms as the means of suicide and homicide, the difficulties of assessing the impact of firearm control on the level of violence, and to suggest avenues to overcome these diff [Firearms,Gun Control,Crime,Victims of Crime,Law Enforcement]Preventing Car Theft in Australia 04/01/1998

    By Philip Hill

    The Motor Vehicle Theft Reduction Plan – Final Report of the National Motor Vehicle Theft Task Force (The Report) was released in November 1997. The Report proposes an industry-agreed national strategy to prevent car theft, which aims to surmount the barriers which have previously blocked the devel [Vehicle theft,Vandalism,Juveniles]Homicide between Intimate Partners in Australia 07/01/1998

    By Carlos Carcach and Marianne James

    In almost 4 out of 5 intimate-partner homicides, the perpetrator was a male and the victim a female. In a little over 1 in 5 incidents, the homicides were committed by a female against a male. A small number corresponded to killings among partners in same-sex relationships. One-third of intimate par [Domestic Violence, Victims of Crime, Spousal Abuse, Law Enforcement, Violence Against Women]Crimes Related to Computer Networks: Report of the 2nd United Nations Expert Group Meeting, Tokyo, October 1999 10/01/1999

    By UNAFEI

    Computer crime concerns criminal acts against the proper functioning of computer systems, and against the data contained in those systems. [Cybercrime, Computer Network, Law Enforcement, Human Rights, Privacy Issues, International issues]U.S. Anti-Torture Initiative 11/01/1999

    By International Information Programs

    Torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment harms individuals, sends a message of fear and intimidation to prisoners and members of minority political, ethnic, religious and belief groups, and undermines state legitimacy. [Torture,Human Rights,Victims of Crime.Law Enforcement,International Issues]Transnational Organized Crime 07/01/1996

    By Yuri A. Voronin

    Common tendencies in the developement of Transnational crime. The largest transnational criminal societies. Main kinds of criminal activity and tratergies to control it. [Transnational Crime,Organized Crime,Law Enforcement,Drugs and Crime,Trafficking, transnational organized crime]Contact List, Ukrainian Participants and Management of the U.S.-Ukraine Research Partnerships Program 02/01/2002

    By

    []List of attendees at the Introductory Conference, November 10-14, 1999, Kyiv, Ukraine 11/01/1999

    By

    []List of Conference Attendees, November 10-14, Kyiv 11/01/1999

    By

    []Conference Proceedings, November 10-14, 1999 11/01/1999

    By

    The main purpose of the conference was to bring together the selected U.S.-Ukraine research partnership teams to discuss the practical issues of their planned collaborative research, and to introduce the experience exchange and Internet grants components of the program. This conference convened 52 g [Organized Crime, Drug Trafficking, Human Trafficking, Drugs and Crime, Cybercrime, Law Enforcement]Crimes Related To Computer Networks: Background paper 12/01/1999

    By United Nations Year Two Thousand Crime Congress

    The effective prevention and fighting of cyber crime any crime that is committed in an electronic network requires a co-ordinated international approach at different levels. At the domestic level, the investigation of cyber crime requires adequate staff, expertise and procedures. [Cybercrime, Electronic Network, Law Enforcement, Human Rights, Privacy Issues, International issues]Evaluation of Criminal Justice Programs in the United States 04/01/2000

    By Edwin W. Zedlewski, PhD

    Evaluation has been an integral part of American criminal justice since the first day of Federal involvement in national crime problems. Prior to 1968, jurisdiction over American crime lay almost exclusively with state and local governments. Federal involvement in crime consisted of the activitie [Corrections, Law Enforcement, Courts, Crime, Federal Involvement]U.S./Mexico Drug Control Group Issues Communique 11/01/1999

    By

    U.S. and Mexican drug control officials agree that their bilateral cooperation is meeting with success in key areas such as fugitive arrests, money laundering investigations, and firearms tracking. [fujitive arrests, money laundering, firearms trafficking]Contact List for U.S.-Ukraine Research Partnerships Project 02/01/2002

    By

    Contact List for the U.S.-Ukraine Research Partnerships Project. []November 10-14,1999 Meeting in Kyiv: U.S. Delegation (English, .rtf, 21K) 11/01/1999

    By

    U.S. Delegation to U.S.-Ukraine Research Partnership Opening Conference November 10-14, 1999 Kyiv, Ukraine [U.S. -Ukraine Research Partnership, U.S. Delegates]International Crime Victim Compensation Program Directory 1997 02/01/2002

    By

    The implementation of this directory is noted as a successful link to international victim compensation programs and the world-wide effort to help victims of crime. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Victims of Crime Act in British Columbia 06/01/1995

    By

    The Victims of Crime Act will be proclaimed when the ministries responsible for fine collection have set up administrative and computer systems to handle the victim surcharge levy, and the Ministry of Attorney General has developed a notification policy for the information to be provided under th [Victims of Crime]Victim Impact Statement Forms: The Ministry of Attorney General British Columbia 02/01/2002

    By

    Statements to ensure all victims in court cases are given the opportunity to complete a VIS and to address the timing of disclosure of completed VISs to defence counsel. [Victims of Crime]Criminal Injury Compensation Act Amendments British Columbia 10(a) 29 02/01/2002

    By

    The Criminal Injury Compensation Program provides assistance, such as grief counselling, lost wages, and other expenses, to individuals who are criminally injured. [Victims of Crime, harrassment, stalking, violence against women]The Police and Evidence Law: Investigating Family Violence Against Victims With Disabilities 02/01/1993

    By

    This report outlines procedural issues as they pertain to persons with disabilities. [Victims of Crime, human rights, family violence, disabilities, violence against women, domestic violence]New Directions from the Field: Victims Rights and Services for the 21st Century 02/01/2002

    By

    This report reflects views from a broad cross-section of the criminal and juvenile justice, allied professional, and victim service fields. [Victims of Crime,human rights]Creating A Community Response to Abused Women & Their Families: The Durham Region Experience 02/01/2002

    By

    The introduction to the project lays the foundation for the importance of challenging professionals to work within a process which is potentially very different than the way they are working at the present. [domestic violence, human rights, Violence Against Women]Burnaby Community Protocols For Violence Against Women In Relationships 02/01/2002

    By

    The goals of the project were to enhance community collaboration in response to violence against women, and to produce community protocols describing services provided and outlining agency commitments in responding. to violence against women, children who witness, and men who are assaultive. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, Violence Against Women]Dawson Creek Violence Against Women In Relationships: Community Protocol 02/01/2002

    By

    The goals of the community protocol are based on a fundamental mission statement which states: the use of a community based, co-ordinated approach to service delivery for all those affected by violence in their relationships. [domestic violence, human rights, Violence Against Women]Victim’s Charters: Charter for Victims of Crime 02/01/2002

    By

    Extract from text. The text of the Charter for Victims of Crime is as follows: HOW THE LAW SUPPORTS YOU. [Victims of Crime,human rights]Vision and Purpose 04/01/1997

    By

    This Research Manual is offered in the hopes that it will contribute to the interantional and domestic efforts to eliminate domestic violence against women. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, Violence Against Women]Restitution to Victims of Offences 02/01/2002

    By

    Sections 738 (1) and (2) of the Canadian Criminal Code allows for restitution to victims of offences for expenses incurred by a spouse in leaving the abusers home to avoid injury. The following text is from the Canadian Criminal Code. [Victims of Crime,restitution]The National Sex Offender Registry 08/01/1996

    By

    Law enforcement can use the centralized database to identify in a single, national search where an individual is registered and, through NLETS, can immediately access vital information about that individual from the indicated state registry. [Law enforcement, sex offender, violence against women]Central Registry of Protection Orders, Province of British Columbia Ministry of Attorney General 11/01/1995

    By

    The Province of British Columbia, Ministry of Attorney General has developed a booklet written for women to let them know what Central Registry of Protection Orders is, how it works and its importance as one more step in the B.C.’s effort to stop the violence against women and children. [domestic violence, restraining orders, Violence Against Women]The ANSA-Project: Active Care of Abused Women in Acute Trauma Centers 02/01/2002

    By

    The aims of the ANSA-project can be summarizes as: recognition, education, training, collection of data and research. Special importance is paid on encouraging women to seek help and nor accept domestic violence. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, abuse, Violence Against Women]The Role of Refuges in Ireland – Report of the Task Force on Violence Against Women 04/01/1997

    By

    The Report of the Task Force on Violence Against Women outlines the Task Force’s recommendations with respect to the role, access, services and funding of Accommodation and Refuges to victims of domestic violence in Ireland. [domestic violence, human rights, battered women, victims of crime, Violence Against Women]The National Clearinghouse on Family Violence 02/01/2002

    By

    The National Clearinghouse on Family Violence is a national resource centre for Canadians seeking information about violence within the family and new resources being used to address it. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, restraining orders, abuse, Violence Against Women]Municipal and Community Strategies to Reduce Violence Against Women 02/01/2002

    By

    Maintaining a healthy relationship between primary services providers and abused women, their children and offenders remains a focus of the committee’s efforts. [domestic violence, restraining orders,abuse, Violence Against Women]British Columbia Association of Specialized Victim Assistance & Counselling Programs 02/01/2002

    By

    A Secretary of State grant enabled a cross section of individuals from sexual assault centres and other specialized victim assistance programs to meet, consult and formally assess the feasibility of establishing a Provincial Association. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, drugs and alcohol, Violence Against Women]Rape Crisis Centre Tukinainen 02/01/2002

    By

    The aims of the project are to: give therapeutic and judicial help for victims of sexual violence; establish a model for crisis work with victims of sexual violence; work for making the phenomena of sexual violence visible in Finland; influence attitudes towards victims of sexual violence and inf [Victims of Crime,rape,sexual violence, Violence Against Women]Hospital Protocol for Identifying and Treating Battered Women: Boston Hospital Protocol 02/01/2002

    By

    Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts has developed and implemented a hospital protocol for identifying and treating battered women. The hospital based its protocol on experience it gained through its program for victims of sexual assault. [domestic violence, human rights, battered women, victims of crime, Violence Against Women]Procedure for Identifying and Treating Domestic Violence: Beaumont Hospital Procedure 02/01/2002

    By

    The Accident and Emergency Department of Beaumont Hospital has developed a procedure for identifying and responding to the needs of women who have experienced violence. [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, Violence Against Women]Sexual Assault: Victim Service Worker Handbook 1993: Victim Assistance Program : Ministry of Attorney General 02/01/2002

    By

    The medical examination has four parts: History; Physical Examination; Collection of Specimens — Forensic Medical Examination; Prevention of Pregnancy and Disease. [domestic violence, human rights, sexual assault, Violence Against Women]Domestic Violence Policy Checklist 02/01/2002

    By

    This checklist comes from the Domestic Abuse Intervention Project in Duluth. This checklist is designed to aid agencies in examining the extent to which their domestic violence policies organize workers to think about and act on these unique criminal cases effectively. [domestic violence, human rights, domestic abuse, Violence Against Women]U.S. Official Testifies on Drug Trafficking in Haiti 04/01/2000

    By

    Drug trafficking organizations that rise to prominence in Haiti can be effectively dismantled, “provided the Haitian National Police continue to progress and enhance their law enforcement and judicial capabilities,” a top U.S. law enforcement official told Congress in April 12 testimony. [Drug enforcment, drug trafficking,law enforcement.]Training for Police: U.S. Department of Justice: Office of Community Oriented Policing Services 05/01/1997

    By

    The COPS Office is planning four training and technical assistance sessions for Community Policing to Combat Domestic Violence grant recipients. The purpose of these sessions, which will be hosted by Boston, Tampa, San Diego and Phoenix, is to provide assistance implementing the Domestic Violence [Domestic Violence, victims of crime, combat, Violence Against Women]Training Bulletin for Police, Vancouver Police Department 02/01/2002

    By

    The objective of this bulletin is to emphasize the importance of the Department’s Spousal Assault Policy, review the recent and ongoing research in this area, and ensure that police personnel are aware of the resources available. [domestic violence, human rights, domestic abuse, Violence Against Women]STOP Violence Against Women Formula Grants Program, US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs: Violence Against Women Grants Office (United States of America) 02/01/2002

    By

    The S-T-O- P (Services Training Officers Prosecutors) Violence Against Women Formula Grants Program, hereinafter referred to as the S-T-O-P Program, promotes a coordinated, multi-disciplinary approach to improving the criminal justice system’s response to violence against women. This approach env [domestic violence, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Mandatory Judicial Education 02/01/2002

    By

    An article which advocates mandatory judicial education regarding domestic violence, with the aim of providing judges with current information and research on family violence issues, and generally improving the judicial response to domestic violence. Excerpt taken from an article in the Albany La [domestic violence, education, Violence Against Women]Training Regarding Violence Against Women in Relationships 02/01/2002

    By

    A training initiative for federal enforcement officers, municipal police, Crown counsel, corrections workers and victim service workers regarding the Violence Against Women in Relationships Policy (VAWIR), introduced by the British Columbian Ministry of the Attorney General in 1993. The excerpt i [Domestic violence, victim safety, Violence Against Women]Overheads for Domestic Violence Training Curriculum 02/01/2002

    By C.R. Smith

    This teaching curriculum is designed to assist law enforcement agencies in helping police officers better understand and service the public when dealing with domestic violence in the community. The lesson plan discusses several key areas of domestic violence. For more got to (http://www/telalink.bet [Domestic Violence, Law Enforcement, Victims of Crime, Violence Against Women]STOPPING THE VIOLENCE 02/01/2002

    By

    Stopping the Violence: An important part of this commitment is the opportunity it provides for government to create new and stronger partnerships with service providers in communities throughout the province. Working daily with women who are victims of violence, these service providers built the fou [Violence, victims of crimes, violence against women]Examples of Surveys: The National Crime Victimization Survey: Female Victims of Violent Crime 12/01/1996

    By

    Incidents of violence against women include murders, rapes, sexual assaults, robberies, and both aggravated and simple assaults. National estimates of the extent and nature of female victimization derive from two primary sources within the U.S. Department of Justice. [Violence,murders, rapes, sexual assaults, Violence Against Women]Canadian Survey Results: Wife Assault – the Findings of a National Survey 03/01/1994

    By

    According to Statistics Canada”s national survey on Violence Against Women, three-inten women currently or previously married in Canada have experienced at least one incident of physical or sexual violence at the hands of a marital partner. [Wife assault, victims of crime,domestic violence, Violence Against Women]Battered Women Seeking Shelter: Predicting, Understanding, and Fulfilling Their Needs (United States of America) 11/01/1998

    By

    As the result of the 1995 California Elected Women’s Association for Education and Research (CEWAER) Summit in 1995, a need for information regarding victims of domestic violence was identified. It was agreed that without better information, it is nearly impossible to create effective, pro- [domestic violence, battered women, Violence Against Women]Faith Hope Battering A Survey of Mens Violence Against Women 02/01/2002

    By

    The central aim of the study was to get representative and statistically reliable information about the prevalence of male violence against women and its consequences. Such information is much needed in the debate about violence. [domestic violence, battered women, Violence Against Women]Violence Against Women Survey Highlights 02/03/2002

    By

    [Violence Against Women]Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile 1998 02/01/2002

    By

    The purpose of this report is to provide the most up-to-date data on the nature and extent of family violence in Canada and monitor trends over time. This report, the first in the series, provides a general overview of the most recent information on the abuse of spouses, children and older adults [Family Violence,victims of crime, Violence Against Women, statistics]Criminal Harassment Stalking Legislation Canada 04/01/1993

    By

    These legislation reforms were intended to better address family violence and violence against women, including criminal harassment. The legislation was in response to a number of highly publicised cases in Canada were women had been killed by their estranged partners. [Stalking, harrassment, victims of crime, Violence Against Women]Continued Waiver of Law Allowing Judicial Attachment of Diplomatic Properties 10/01/2000

    By Press secretary

    The Administration is working to achieve justice for victims of terrorism, without undermining our ability to protect our interests and conduct foreign relations, including the fight against terrorism, around the world. [terrorism, human trafficking]Organized Crime Watch – NIS, Vol 1, No 2, February 1999 02/01/1999

    By Louise Shelley

    The current financial crisis in Russia, which has significant spill-over effect in Ukraine, has only exacerbated the problem of human trafficking, which began with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. [organized crime,human trafficking,crime, corruption.]THE NATIONAL CYBERCRIME TRAINING PARTNERSHIP 02/01/1999

    By Wayne P. Williams

    The explosive growth in the use of computers and electronic networks such as the Internet poses a difficult and rapidly expanding challenge for all levels of law enforcement. [Cybercrime]The National Cybercrime Training Partnership. Reprint of an article in the Police Chief Magazine. 02/01/1999

    By Wayne P. Williams

    Explosive growth in the use of computers and electronic networks such as the Internet poses a difficult and rapidly expanding challenge for all levels of law enforcement [Cybercrime]White House Memorandum on Colombia Assistance Waiver (Says U.S. aid package is 08/01/2000

    By William J Clinton (President)

    President Clinton’s August 22 decision to waive restrictions on aid to Colombia was based on the need to support the Colombian government’s fight against the illegal drug trade, as well as on Colombia’s stated. commitment to ending human rights abuses, according to a White House [Drugs and Crime, drug trafficking.]Trafficking in Women and Girls Targeted in Bulgaria, Hungary 11/01/1999

    By

    The overall aim of these campaigns is to prevent trafficking in women by raising awareness among potential risk groups. Both campaigns will provide the public in Bulgaria and Hungary with credible information relating to the dangers trafficked women might face when living or working abroad. [Human Trafficking,victims of crime., violence against women]Trafficking in Women and Children from Ukraine for the Purpose of Sexual Exploitation (approved proposal for funding) 11/01/1999

    By

    The trafficking in women and children is a new and pressing issue for law enforcement in Ukraine. There has been no systematic study of the criminal practices of trafficking in Ukraine. [Human trafficking, Law enforcement, violence against women]Trafficking in Women and Children from Ukraine for the Purpose of Sexual Exploitation (Russian) (funded proposal) 02/01/2002

    By

    []HEUNI 1998 Work Programme (MSWord Format) 02/01/2002

    By

    The Council of Europe and the Commission of the European Communities have initiated a project that focuses on corruption and organized crime in Central and Eastern European countries. The purpose of the project is to assess the problem of corruption and organized crime in this region, to study what [Corruption,law enforcement, organized crime]A Priority Task is to Stop Unlawful Activities of Organized Crime Groups 02/01/2002

    By

    []The Degree of Social Danger of Crimes Committed by Women. Historical and International Perspectives 02/01/2002

    By

    []The Personality of a Criminal and Typical Traits 02/01/2002

    By

    []Constitutional Bases of Penitentiary Legislation 02/01/2002

    By

    [corrections, prison]Scientific basis for anti-corruption activities in the agencies of state authority 02/01/2002

    By

    [crime prevention]Criminal Law Issues of the Responsibility for Crimes against Minors 02/01/2002

    By

    [juveniles]Role of the Public Prosecution in Ukraine under the Rule of Law 02/01/2002

    By

    []Some issues of combating the corruption 02/01/2002

    By

    []Mercenary Involvement as a Crime against the State 02/01/2002

    By

    []Selected Issues of the Legal Status of Prisoners in Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By

    []Issues in the Effective Management of Institutions Enforcing Sentences 02/01/2002

    By

    []Labor as a Means of Penal Treatment in Enforcing Criminal Sentences. A Study of the Historical Experience of the Ukrainian State (until 1900) 02/01/2002

    By

    []About Criminal Aggression and Its Causes 02/03/2002

    By

    []Terrorism as a Crime to fall under the Extradition 02/01/2002

    By

    []Some Criminal Law Characteristics of Women Convicted of Theft of Personal Property or Illegal Activity in Drugs 02/01/2002

    By

    []Improving the Legislation on Liability for Trafficking in Women 02/01/2002

    By

    []Basic Regularities in the Rise and Genesis of the Institution of Supervision by the Public Prosecutor 02/01/2002

    By

    []Main Organizational Arrangements of the Ukrainian Interior Ministry on Enhancing the Effectiveness of the Fight against Crime 02/01/2002

    By

    []General Socio-economic Factors, which Condition the Present-day Situation and Further Development of the Criminogenic Situation in Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By

    []Criminogenic Situation In Ukraine: Evaluation, Trends, And Problems 02/01/2002

    By

    []The Situation in Combating the Economic Crime 02/01/2002

    By

    []Fight Against Drug Abuse 02/01/2002

    By

    []The Results of the Activities of the Investigation Apparatus 02/01/2002

    By

    []Maintaining the Road Traffic Safety 02/01/2002

    By

    []Fire Safety 02/01/2002

    By

    []The Activity of the State Service of Security 02/01/2002

    By

    []PERSONNEL AND MATERIAL TECHNICAL EQUIPMENT OF THE LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES 02/01/2002

    By

    []Forecast Of Criminogenic Situation In Ukraine In 1998 02/01/2002

    By

    []Condition, Structure And Dynamics Of The Crime 02/01/2002

    By

    []Issues of Horizontal Separation by Setting Limits of Prosecutorial Competence in Public Prosecution Offices 02/01/2002

    By

    []Wars, Conflicts and Terrorism as Methods of Settlement of International Political Disputes 02/01/2002

    By

    []The Notion and the Essence of Terrorism 02/01/2002

    By

    []Coping with Child Homelessness in Odessa. A Historical Experience 02/01/2002

    By

    []International Law Mechanisms for Optimizing Criminal Justice 02/01/2002

    By

    []Foreign Diaspora and Victimological Measures Against Crime 02/01/2002

    By

    []Ideas of Social Rehabilitation in the UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners 02/01/2002

    By

    []Criminal Justice Resources for The Russian Federation 02/03/2002

    By

    [crime prevention]The Effectiveness of Restorative Justice Practices: A Meta-Analysis 02/01/2002

    By

    This is the first in a series of publications from the Research and Statistics Division that will profile innovative policy research methods. Through this series readers will be introduced to some of the more interesting and progressive methodological work being undertaken by the Division. Each repo [Research, Statistics, Criminal, Behavior]Nuclear successor states of the Soviet Union: status report on nuclear weapons, fissile material and export controls 02/01/2002

    By

    This article explains information on the current status of nuclear weapons, weapons-usable nuclear material, export controls, and nonproliferation and disarmament assistance programs in Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia and Ukraine. [nuclear weapons,export controls, disarmament]Illegal Material on the Internet 09/01/1996

    By

    This article talks about an industry proposal for addressing the question of illegal material on the Internet ex. pornography. [illegal material , legal interest, child pornography ]Transnational Crime and Information Technology 05/01/2002

    By

    []Kazakstan: Law on Accounting 02/01/2002

    By

    These articles describes how Accounting having the effect of law. [fraud, money laundering]Political Privacy and Online Politics: How E-Campaigning Threatens Voter Privacy 04/01/2002

    By Christopher D. Hunter,Ph.D

    In this paper we will explore the important role which privacy plays in the U.S. democratic political system. We will begin by discussing the historical tension between public and private and argue for the importance of what I call “political privacy” – a space apart, free from the gaze and influenc [Ecampaigning, Voting, Privacy, Florida]International Treaties 02/01/2002

    By

    This gives links to articles about international treaties. []Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others 02/01/2002

    By

    Nothing in the present Convention shall be deemed to prejudice any legislation which ensures, for the enforcement of the provisions for securing the suppression of the traffic in persons and of the exploitation of others for purposes of prostitution, stricter conditions than those provided by the pr [Articles 1-28, Exploitation, Persons, Trafficking, Prostitution, Violence Against Women]Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations and Optional Protocols 04/01/1961

    By

    This article is about diplomatic relations, keepin up peace and security of all nations. [sovereign equality , diplomatic intercourse, international convention ]International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 02/01/2002

    By

    Articles 1 thru 31 for the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. [UN, inherent dignity, inalienable rights, equal, members, human]International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 02/01/2002

    By

    Articles 1 thru 53 from the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. [freedom, justice, peace, dignity, world]Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 02/01/2002

    By

    Articles 1 thru 14 of the Protocol to the Covenant on Civil rights. [civil rights, political rights]Convention on the Rights of the Child 12/01/1989

    By

    The Convention on the Rights of the Child, with articles 1 thru 54, of the General Assembly. [rights, children, protection, improvement]Rules of Warfare and Arms Control Treaties 02/01/2002

    By Francis Lieber

    This has plenty of links to articles about Rules of Warfare and Arms Control Treaties. [arms control, war, trafficking]Migrant Trafficking and Regional Security 06/01/2002

    By Andreas Scholenhardt

    This article discusses the problem of Migrant Trafficking and how it poses a threat to security in the Asian Pacific region. [Migrant trafficking,Drugs and crime,Organized crime,Corruption]Democracy and its Citizens: Patterns of Political Change 02/01/2002

    By Russell J. Dalton

    This article is about democratic expansion that have included dramatic periods of theoretical and empirical development in the social sciences. [academic research , democratic reforms , political questions ]The Tailor of Marrakesh: Western Electoral Systems Advice to Emerging Democracies 02/01/2002

    By Rein Taagepera

    This article is about Western Electoral Systems Advice to Emerging Democracies . [political institutions , stable replacement , congruent]Institutions and Public Policy in Presidential Systems 02/01/2002

    By Matthew Soberg Shugart & Stephan Haggard

    This article discusses a central constitutional issue facing new democracies in the developing world is how to balance the decisiveness required to undertake difficult economic reforms with the need for accountability and checks on executive authority. [economic reforms , executive authority, parliamentary designs, ]Office of the Independent Counsel Final Report on President Clinton 09/09/1998

    By Office of the Independent Counsel

    This is the final report detailing the results of an extensive investigation into President Clinton’s potentially criminal actions as president and earlier. The report finds he commiteed perjury and obstructed justice during the course of the investigation. [impeachment, obstruction of justice]Tribunal Watch List Listserv Archives 02/01/2002

    By

    [judges, courts]Public Sector Management, Governance, and Sustainable Human Development 02/01/2002

    By

    In 1987 the Brundtland Commission, in its landmark report Our Common Future, defined sustainable development as “meeting the needs of the present generation without compromising the needs of future generations”. That report and subsequent interpretations of it have rightly emphasised [Rapid Growth , Reform, Civil Service Reform ]Reconceptualising Governance 02/01/2002

    By

    The goal of governance initiatives should be to develop capacities that are needed to realise development that gives priority to the poor, advances women, sustains the environment, and creates needed opportunities for employment and other livelihoods (UNDP, 1994). [Good Governance, Transitional Economies, Civil Service, Technical Assistance ]Desarrollo de la capacidad 01/01/1997

    By PNUD

    El desarrollo de la capacidad se esta convirtiendo en el objetivo central de la cooperacion [international cooperation, international issues]Report of the UNDP Capacity Development Retreat 02/01/1995

    By

    The Capacity Development retreat was held in New York 6 – 8 February 1995.Sponsored jointly by DOPP and OESP, the objectives of the retreat were the following:Objective 1: Come to consensus on a practical definition of national capacity development for developing countries,Objective 2: Define the ro [developing countries, capacity development, framework, ]Draft Report on Global Workshop on UNDP/MIT Decentralized Governance Research Project, Amman, Jordan, June 14 – 16, 1998 06/01/1998

    By

    The research case studies each focus on exploring the impact decentralisation can have on poverty alleviation, and particularly the contribution of increased participation in decision-making processes and increased opportunities for partnership between civil, private and government actors at the loc [knowledge generation , research institutions ,impact decentralisation ]Decentralized Governance Programme: Strengthening Capacity for People-Centred Development 09/01/1997

    By

    Decentralizing governance, from the centre to regions, districts, local governments/authorities and local communities, can be an effective means of achieving critical objectives of the sustainable human development (SHD) vision – improved access to services and employment, increased people participa [sustainable human development , global advocacy , vision – improved access ]Factors to Consider in Designing Decentralised Governance Policies and Programmes to Achieve Sustainable People-Centred Development 02/01/1998

    By

    Decentralisation is a form and process of governance. Just as there can be good governance at the national level there can be good decentralised governance. Good governance includes the mechanisms and processes which enable a society to achieve more sustainable and people-centred development. Good d [Globalisation , political, policies and services,]Report of the United Nations Global Forum on Innovative Policies and Practices in Local Governance, Sweden 1996 09/01/1996

    By

    Local governments that have real power can more effectively address local interests as well as exercise a check on operations at higher levels of authority.Managing the innovation process requires negotiation, agreement and implementation. [authorities, frontiers or boundaries, legal status ]The Management of Public Sector Records in Developing Countries 02/01/2002

    By Dr G Shabbir Cheema

    The Management of Public Sector Records (MPSR) Project was initiated from a recognition that developing countries are on the brink of large-scale computerization of their record systems, but that the paper record systems on which this automation is based are often inaccessible, crippled or collapsed [court technology]Corruption and Integrity Improvement Initiatives in Developing Countries 02/01/2002

    By

    The need to build partnerships and encourage closer collaboration among all players in the international development community was underscored at the conference Corruption and Integrity-Improvement Initiatives in Developing Countries, held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 24-25 October 1997. [public sector crime, civil liberties , law enforcement, public support]UNDP and Governance: Experiences and Lessons Learned 02/01/2002

    By

    Sustainable human development is viewed by UNDP as development that empowers the poor and generates growth which is equitably distributed. Such development preserves the environment rather than degrades it, and advances women instead of discriminating against them. It promotes job-led growth rather [donor agencies , economic forces ]Integrating Human Rights With Sustainable Human Development 01/01/1998

    By United Nations

    Secretary-General Kofi Annan’s reform of the United Nations emphasizes the centrality of human rights to all activities of the system. By stressing the cross-cutting nature of human rights, he has enjoined us all to take into account human rights as a crucial aspect of our work. Whether we are worki [Human Rights , special protection, strengthening institutions ]Equity within Diversity: State Reform and Renewed Citizenship in Asia 03/01/1998

    By G. Shabbir Cheema

    The capacity to manage this governance system effectively is paramount to facing the challenges, overcoming the threats, and reaping the opportunities that are at the heart of the world’s historic transformation. These threats include growing economic gaps and social-political exclusion within [political and economic transformation, civil society , political]Adjusting the Role of Governments to Globalization 10/01/1998

    By

    The development of vast markets for the exchange of goods, allowing countries’ growth to no longer be limited to domestic demand, and the possibilities of flows of international capital to complement domestic resources, have provided great opportunities for many nations. [increased trade , knowledge-based industries, human living conditions,human development.]Broadening Partnerships for Sustainable Development 11/01/1998

    By Keynote Address & Eimi Watanabe

    United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan stated that: “Thriving markets and human security go hand in hand; without one, we will not have the other”. And, indeed, only close collaboration between numerous partners – governments, the business community, international organizations and civil societ [Business Opportunities, private sector and civil society, developing countries ]Strengthening the Role of Parliamentarians in the Democratic Process 10/01/1998

    By G. Shabbir Cheema

    There is today widespread agreement that in order to successfully meet these goals, nations must address a number of social and economic development concerns which, when met, all converge to form a foundation for sustainable human development. These include, among others: (i) promotion of human deve [Global Action , Legislation and Justice , poverty and effectively , ]The Battle Against Organized Crime and Corruption (Theory and Practice), Issue 1, 2000 05/01/2002

    By

    []The Battle Against Organized Crime and Corruption, Issue 2, 2000 05/01/2002

    By

    []Perfecting the Battle Against Computer Crime 05/01/2002

    By

    [Cybercrime]Normative Indications of Organized Criminal Activity: Theoretical and Practical Significance 05/01/2002

    By

    []Criminological Politics in the Battle against Organized Crime 05/01/2002

    By

    []The Role of Information and Analytical Services in the Increase of Scientific Knowledge 05/01/2002

    By

    []New Information Technologies – the Process of Increasing the Qualifications of Law Enforcement Workers 05/01/2002

    By

    []Bibliography of the Interagency Scientific Research Center 05/01/2002

    By

    []The Process of Criminalization in the Sphere of Privatization and Efforts to Counteract it 05/01/2002

    By

    [crime patterns]General Characteristics of Criminalization in the Financial and Credit System of Ukraine 05/01/2002

    By

    []A Short Description of the Crime Situation in Ukraine 05/01/2002

    By

    [crime patterns]A Short Description of the Crime Situation in Ukraine 05/01/2002

    By

    []Analysis of the Crime Situation in Ukraine in 1999 and Progrnosis for 2000 05/01/2002

    By

    [crime patterns]Several Mechanisms for Illegal Acts by Traders of Privatization Papers 05/01/2002

    By

    []Several Issues for Internal Affairs Organs in the Licensing of Firms 05/01/2002

    By

    [international law]Legal Aspects of Business on the Internet 05/01/2002

    By

    [cybercrime]A Network of Fraud 05/01/2002

    By

    []Transcript of CNN March 1997 Interview with Osama bin Laden 03/01/1997

    By CNN

    This interview exposes Osama bin Laden’s main criticisms of the Saudi royal family that ruled Saudi Arabia in 1997. [Osama Bin Laden, terrorism, middleeast]Corruption in Post-Communist Societies: Central Europe and the Former Soviet Union 04/20/2001

    By Michael Johnston

    This is a working bibliography of library and web resources assembled in the Spring of 1999 with the assistance and support of the Local Government and Public Service Reform Initiative of the Open Society Institute, Budapest, Hungary. It is intended to be useful to researchers, journalists, students [transnational organized crime, corruption]Empirical and Applied Criminal Justice Research 02/01/2002

    By

    Empirical and Applied Criminal Justice Research is a new journal sponsored by the Network for Research in Crime and Justice Justice (see http://qsilver.queensu.ca/rcjnet/) that will be disseminated entirely via the Internet. It will be peer-reviewed and international in scope, with emphasis on subst [crime & justice, researchers, professionals]Getting Online for Human Rights 02/01/2002

    By Stephen A. Hansen

    One of the best ways to locate human rights information on the Internet is to use a search engine. A search engine is a tool that quickly reads through indexes of collected materials on the Internet to locate specified key words or phrases and returns a list of hits (matches) to those words. The [cybercrime, human rights]The Corruption, Drug Trafficking and Other Serious Offences Act 06/01/2002

    By Drew and Napier

    This article discusses several different types on crime in Singapore such as Drug Trafficking and money laundering. [Drugs and Crime,Corruption,Money laundering,Human rights]U.S. and India Cooperate to Combat Trafficking in Persons 06/01/2003

    By U.S. Department of State

    [file no longer on system]Remarks by Secretary of State Madeline K. Albright at a Global Forum on Fighting Corruption 02/01/2002

    By

    In her speech on Global Forum on Fighting Corruption, The Secretary of State, Madeline K. Albright stated that “It is fitting that for this Global Forum on Fighting Corruption and Safeguarding Integrity Among Justice and Security Officials, a truly global audience has assembled. The surpassing brea [corruption, working together,]Declaration Global Forum on Fighting Corruption: Safeguarding Integrity Among Justice and Security Officials 02/01/1999

    By

    For the past three days, we participants from 90 governments, gathered here in Washington at the invitation of U.S. Vice President Al Gore, have worked intensely to examine the causes of corruption and practices that are effective to prevent or fight it. Elected officials, ministers responsible for [security officials , ministers responsible , security and justice]An Anti-Corruption & Good Governance Strategy for the 21st Century 02/01/1999

    By

    this conference highlights the fact that the global fight against corruption and the promotion of Good governance and transparency, especially in developing and transitional economies, has now become a significant priority of U.S. foreign policy, according to Ambassador Stuart E.Eizen of State for [U.S. foreign policy, fight against corruption , leadership role ]Vice President Al Gore’s Keynote Address at the Global Forum on Fighting Corruption 02/01/1999

    By

    During his address at the Global Forum on Fighting Corruption, Vice President Al Gore delivered a long speech with several key notes: In the Old Testament, Moses teaches the people of Israel: “Do not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and twists the words of the righteous.” [corrupt government, democratic principles, ]Remarks by Vice President Al Gore at the Closing of the Global Corruption Forum 02/01/1999

    By

    In his closing remarks at the Global Corruption Forum, Vice President Gore urged all the world leaders to fight corruption by stating “Corruption has so frequently triumphed in our world because good men and women did nothing; because the obstacles were too large; because the connection to others w [corruption, faith in freedom, accelerates crime, ]Building Integrity in Government: The OECD as part of a Multiple Response 02/01/1999

    By

    Delivering a speech during a conference with Vice President of the United States, Mr.Al Gore, and other leaders from different countries, Mr Donald J. Johnston discussed the need to fight corruption and and safeguarding the integrity of the governments. [Corruption in government, impressive gathering, economic well being,criminal elements]Opening Session Remarks Jeremy Pope, Transparency International 02/01/1999

    By Jeremy Pope

    Our organisation, Transparency International (TI), was formed some six years ago at a time when a meeting such as this would have been inconceivable. The thought of sharing a table such as this would have been too bizarre even to contemplate. There was an absolute taboo against discussing the topic, [hemophiliacs, health ministry, corruption]Statement of Treasury Secretary Robert E. Rubin 02/01/1999

    By Robert E. Rubin

    Speaking on the importance of combating coruption, the United States Treasury Secretary,Robert E. Rubin stated that is very much a social and political issue. He continued by urging the African governments during his speech, to focuss on the erradication of corruption, especially with the lackin [World leaders, leadership, political issue,]Why Democracy? 02/01/2002

    By Richard Williamson

    Belief in democracy as a universal value is grounded in a conviction that human beings ought not be governed without their consent. And to advance democracy requires a recognition that the ways and means of democracy may vary from country to country, from culture to culture, whether parliamentary or [champion democracy , governed, human nature ]Protecting Judicial Independence: A Global Effort 02/01/2002

    By

    The Committee on International Judicial Relations was established to respond to requests for assistance from judiciaries in foreign lands. Its principal objective is to help develop independent judiciaries around the world. To this end, it facilitates overseas visits by U.S. federal judges and visit [International Judicial Relations, U.S. Court of Appeals , judicial independence]Kingdom of Cambodia: Urgent Need for Judicial Reform 07/01/2002

    By Amnesty International

    This article discusses the urgent need for judicial reform in the kingdom of Cambodia. It discusses hoe the state party should take urgent measures to strengthen the judiciary and guarantee it’s independence to insure that all allegations of corruption or undue pressure on the judiciary are dealt wi [corruption, judicial reform]Amnesty International Report 2003 01/01/2003

    By Amnesty International

    The Amnesty International Report 2003 documents human rights abuses in 151 countries and territories during 2002. It is a contribution to the work of human rights defenders struggling to achieve a safer world, a world where human rights take priority over political, military or economic interests. [human rights, terrorism, international criminal court]Look Who’s Stalking: Seeking a Solution to the Problem of Stalking 04/01/2002

    By Michael J. Allen

    This article examines the phenomenon of stalking and considers the approaches being adopted to deal with it by victims, prosecutors and the courts in England and Wales. The adequacy of the current civil remedies and criminal offences which are available to deal with the problem is examined. [Stalking, Victims, violence against women]Illicit Drug Use, Sources of Australian Data 11/01/2001

    By Australian Bureau of Statistics

    The purpose of this publication is to assist governments, community groups and the Australian public in identifying and accessing available data sources on the extent and consequences of illicit drug use. As well as giving a brief outline of the main data sources available, limitations and gaps in a [Issues, Health, Family, Community, Illicit Drug Use]Measuring the Deterrent Effect of Enforcement Operations on Drug Smuggling, 1991-1999 08/01/2001

    By Mary Layne, Ann-Marie-Bruen, Patrick Johnson, William Rhodes, Scot Decker, Meg Townsend, Caben Chester, Gary Schaffer, John Lavin

    This study takes a mixed qualitative-quantitative approach to studying the deterrent effect of drug enforcement operations on cocaine trafficking. For the purposes of this study, a drug enforcement operation has a deterrent effect if drug smugglers are displaced from a previously preferred method [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime, drugs and crime, international cooperation, law enforcement]Protecting the Homeland: Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Defensive Information Operations 2000 Summer Study Volume II 03/01/2001

    By Defense Science Board Task Force

    The defense establioshment has increased its intellectual capital on the subject of Defensive Information Operations, however, it has yet to fully accomodate the realities of an information intensive future in its architecture, processes and investments. [terrorism, cybercrime]Technologies for the Regulation of Online Gambling 05/01/2000

    By S.J. Toneguzzo

    Whilst there are those who would seek to kick down internet gambling, the Australian state and territory governments are seeking to build a well regulated internet gambling market to attract businesses serious about their credibility and consumer protection, and offer the global player a trusted [internet gambling, consumer protection]Regulation – The Industry Perspective 05/01/1999

    By Paul Alpe

    The New Zealand Totalisator Agency Board (TAB) is a ‘body corporate” formed in 1949 by an amendment to the Gaming Act which was rewritten and became the Racing Act 1971. This Act has been subject to 13 amendments since 1971. [Gaming act, computerised,]Locating and Assisting the Problem Gambler 05/01/1999

    By Leigh barret

    Kate Earl has provided an overview of the strategy currently in place in Victoria to find and then provide help for individuals with problem gambling issues and their families.FCR is the peak body in Victoria representing financial counsellors, consumer support workers and other community represe [strategy, finicial counsellors, low income]Privacy and Gambling 05/01/1999

    By Siobahn Jenner

    The Privacy and Personal Information Protection Act requires that NSW government agencies create and implement privacy management plans. These plans will set out how NSW government agencies will deal with personal information. The Act also requires that agencies adhere to information privacy prin [privacy legislation, investigation officer,]On-Line Gambling 05/01/1999

    By David Olson

    Lasseters has taken the lead in the regulated online gaming industry in Australia believing it to be the future for gaming internationally. Gaming is a form of entertainment and the internet has irreversibly changed the way people are entertained worldwide.Many internet players are losing confiden [casino, gaming, unregulated sites]Gambling and the Harms We Choose to Have 05/01/1999

    By Clive Small

    It is sensible to continually examine and re-examine our present policies to judge if the degree of legal control is already optimal. My approach to the topic of gambling is an overview, largely from a crime and law enforcement perspective, of the harms experienced by New South Wales specifically [crime & law enforcement, illegal casinos, gambling]From Marble to Mud: The Punishment of Life Imprisonment 12/01/1999

    By John Anderson

    The term “marble” and “mud” is a metaphor used in a novel by Nathaniel Hawthorne.In the judicial system it means – jail sentence for life.If life is made up of “marble and mud” then the stage of life, the number of years one may potentially be incarcerated, the place, and conditions of such inca [judicial officers, criminal courts,]Barricades and Batons: An Historical Perspective of the Policing of Major Industrial Disorder in Australia 12/01/1999

    By David Baker

    This article presents an overview of some major confrontations that became violent between police and workers. The selected disputes are not typical of Australian industrial disputation; the vast majority of disputes, being less than one day’s duration, have neither instigated a police presence n [industrial disputation, uncaring society, economic system,]The Evolution of Impaired Driver Law – Victoria 12/01/1999

    By Martin Boorman

    This paper explores the evolution of the law in Victoria to combat the recognised threat to public safety by persons driving motor vehicles while impaired by alcohol and other drugs. “Any driver of a motor car or motor cycle proved to have been under the influence of intoxicating liquor whi [legal rights, courts, law,]Crime in a Convict Republic 12/01/1999

    By John Braithwaite

    Australian convict society is found to be brutal yet forgiving. We conclude that surprisingly high levels of procedural justice and reintegration in Australian convict society deliver low crime rates. [convict society, low crime rates, theft & violence]Twenty Years of Community Consultative Committees: Is it Possible to Solve the Conundrum? 12/01/1999

    By Dr John Casey & Delaine Trofymowych

    Since the expansion of police community consultative committees at the beginning of the 1980s, there have been two constants in their development: 1) every Royal Commission, inquiry, or operations review recommends that there be a core strategy to promote public accountability and foster strategi [civil society, strategic management]The Native Police at Callandoon – A Blue Print for Forced Assimilation? 12/01/1999

    By Mark Copland

    This paper closely examines the factors leading to the establishment of the native police at Callandoon and the first few months of the forces operation. Frederick Walker’s approach to frontier policing differed to other leaders of the Native Police. His ‘Callandoon Experiment’ [Human life, legal process, enforced harmony]Police Summary Prosecutions: The Past, Present and Future 12/01/1999

    By Dr. Chris Corns

    The purpose of this paper is to explore these questions by reviewing the past and present systems of summary prosecutions in each jurisdiction in Australia, focussing upon the political dynamics of reform and reform proposals in those jurisdictions where the issue has been seriously considered, a [jurisdiction, prosecuting, criminal justice, capital territory]New Threats or Old Stereotypes The Revival of Trafficking as a Discourse 12/01/1999

    By Fiona David

    I will argue that much of the discussion today, reflects and reinforces outdated stereotypes of Asian (or other developing world) women as passive, helpless victims, in need of rescue, thereby ignoring the reality of the difficult choices that these women might have made.Now, as then, interested org [transnational organized crime, trafficking of women, regional initiative, violence against women]Policing in the Information Age: Technological Errors of the Past in Perspective 12/01/1999

    By Benoit Dupont

    The police is not the only institution engaged in this race to embrace the new paradigm of the information age: in the Western world and some developing nations, societies are changing at a very fast pace under the pressure of a new technical revolution, the epicentre of which lies in the Silicon [theoretical framework, information technologies, specialisation, cybercrime]Democratic Control of Police: How 19th Century Political Systems Determine Modern Police Structures 12/01/1999

    By Charles Edwards

    A very brief consideration of various democratic states, for example member states of the EU, Australia, New Zealand, the USA and UK show that although the principles of democratic government and accountable policing are met in all, nevertheless the way in which this is done varies considerably f [police agencies, democrartic government, modern policing,, law enforcement]The ‘Information Society’ and the Quest for Civilisation: The Social Construction of Crime 12/01/1999

    By Mike Enders

    The assessment of a society as being uncivilised has often led to the invading culture being given licence to ‘civilise’ them by any means necessary, usually by killing them and reducing their numbers and the possibility of resistance to the civilising process. [law & information technology, civilized, society, ]Policing – Reflecting on the Past; Projecting into the Future 12/01/1999

    By Barbara Etter

    The rate and pace of change is increasing dramatically. Policing clearly needs to become more adept at anticipating change in the environment and adapting to it in a timely and effective way. The “softly softly” and paramilitary approach once advocated for Peel’s English police h [globalisation on crime, international tension, illicit drugs,]Police Unions in Australia: A History of the Present 12/01/1999

    By Mark Finnane

    In the fading years of the century police unions have never been more powerful and significant. Unionisation in public policing remains just about the closest thing Australia has to a closed shop, and police unions have therefore achieved much in that respect – much more successful than the docto [criminal justice, industrial relations, liberal & radical]Policing and Indigenous Peoples in Australia 12/01/1999

    By Dr Christine Jennet

    In time police came to take on the role of protectors of Aboriginal communities situated on reserves and missions. This role involved them in considerable supervision of Aboriginal people’s lives. It is symbolised by images of them returning runaways in neck and leg chains (Rowley 1972a). I [political relationship, punishment offenders, internal colonial]Indigenous Participation in Policing – Native Police to Now – Has Anything Changed? 12/01/1999

    By Jo Kamira

    In relation to policing and the criminal justice system, Commissioner Johnston concluded to combat the problems of endemic and systemic racism there was a need for more Indigenous involvement in policing. He believed this was ‘of central importance to the long term issue of policing’ (29.7 Vol 4 [traitors, explorers of colonisation,]The History of Methadone Treatment in Australia: The Influence of Social Control Arguments in its Development 12/01/1999

    By Dr Morag Mcarthur

    With 25,000 people now receiving methadone treatment in Australia, it is regarded by most as a successful public health initiative. Methadone treatment also plays a significant role in controlling other ill effects of heroin use including the control of crime.It shows how the explicit social cont [Heroin dependent, control of crime, public health initiative]Keeping the Peace or Keeping People Down: The History of Policing in Victoria 12/01/1999

    By Dr Jude Mcculloch

    When police were first deployed around Port Phillip in 1836 their main task was to create a space in which settlement could grow, by keeping Aboriginal people off their own land once it was deemed fit for pastoral use (Victoria Police 1980: 2; Moore 1991: 112). Alienation from the land deprived A [paramilitary, policing, globalisation]Responses to Pressure: A History of Policy Approaches to the Management of Trauma in the Police Service 12/01/1999

    By Dr Mragaret Mitchell

    The debate about how ‘stressful’ police work is, and whether it is ‘appropriate’ for police officers to be affected by their work has exercised the minds of those in the police service for the past several decades.There are differing views on these subjects, for example, in [stressful, police culture, violent offenders, safety, law enforcement]The Incorporation of Customary Law and Principles into Sentencing Decisions in the South Pacific Region 12/01/1999

    By Dr Tess Newton

    This paper considers the means by which principles of custom and customary law have been incorporated into the criminal process at the sentencing stage. Reference is made to constitutional and legislative provisions that create a framework for the recognition and application of such principles. [criminal process, sentencing, human rights, ]After Arthur: Policing in Van Diemen’s Land 1837-1846 12/01/1999

    By Dr Stefan Petrow

    Between 1824 and 1836 Governor George Arthur was the autocratic ruler of Van Diemen’s Land and controlled the colony in large part by a powerful and numerous police force.1 In 1835 there was 1 policeman to every 88.7 people, making Van Diemen’s Land one of the most heavily policed soc [policed society, abusing their powers, management of convicts, law enforcement]Sex, Crime and the New Punitiveness 12/01/1999

    By John Pratt

    It still might be thought, though, that current sexual predator legislation is clearly a direct descendant of the sexual psychopath laws in the sense that such measures allow for detention on the basis of one’s criminal classification, in addition to the sentence imposed for one’s crime – and, as [electronic surveilance, mental abnomarality, crime, protective custody]Moreton Telegraph Station: 1902 The Native Police on Cape York Peninsula 12/01/1999

    By Jonathan Richards

    In 1896, Police Commissioner Parry-Okeden was ordered to compile a report on North Queensland Aborigines and the Native Police. He spent several months on Cape York Peninsula investigating conditions and made a number of recommendations that were incorporated into the 1897 Aboriginal Protection A [lawful force, race relations, serious crime, police killings, law enforcement]Inventing Juvenile Delinquency and Determining its Cure (Or, How Many Discourses Can You Disguise as One Construct?) 12/01/1999

    By Dr Leonora Ritter

    Juvenile delinquency was a construct created out of fear of economic and social upheaval, incorporating discourses of childhood as separate and different from adulthood and utilising a new expectation of public intervention in designated social problems. [protect children, attend school, upbringing]Beyond ‘What Works?’ A 25 Years Jubilee Retrospective of Robert Martinson 12/01/1999

    By Rick Sarre

    The story behind the publication of American sociologist Robert Martinson’s famous 1974 article entitled ‘What Works? Questions and Answers About Prison Reform’ provides researchers, policy-makers and observers with a sobering reminder of the possibilities of research findings a [prison reform, rehabilitate,]With Greatest Expectation: The Colony, Crime and Corrections in South Australia 02/01/2002

    By Dr. Jon Telfer

    Images of Adelaide which are encountered in the South Australian print and electronic media ofteWhat is distinctive and curious about these two reactions to homicide offences in Adelaide is not simply a sense of outrage at the crime of murder, but the acute indignation and affront apparently take [murders, crimes, homicide offenses]Reforming Prisons: A 1970s Experience 12/01/1999

    By Tony Vinson

    Prison reform in New South Wales in the late 1970s and early 1980s was ripe for dramatic exploitation. A searching and highly publicised Royal Commission of Inquiry held between 1975 and 1978 had thrust before a hitherto indifferent public, revelations of systematic state brutality which sat unco [humanitarian, change & reform, courts]A Disorderly Frontier: An Analysis of Drunkeness, Disorder and Drug Offences in the Northern Territory 1870 to 1926 12/01/1999

    By Bill Wilson

    In today’s Northern Territory, drunkenness, social disorder and the prevalence of illicit drugs such as cannabis all make headlines.1 There are calls from the public, commentators and the media for the police to `do something about the problems? as if these offences have only recently become widespr [Social disorder, police, rate of crime, law enforcement]Women Prisoners in Queensland in the Interwar Years 12/01/1999

    By Kerry Wimshurst

    From the turn of the century prison authorities in Queensland expressed concern about the way prisons were used to house inmates for whom the prison environment was seen as inappropriate. There is a sense in which prisons had become a place to dump women not wanted by other institutions — or if [female offenders, prison inmates, rehabilitation]Bert Williams Diversionary Program 10/01/1999

    By Alf Bamblett

    The Bert Williams program is aimed at providing the linkages necessary and attendant programs and services and devise strategies aimed at addressing these complex and interrelated issues.Koorie youth attending Bert Williams often present with a wide range of issues such as lack of housing, employ [deaths in custody, juvenile,]The Aboriginal Cultural Immersion Program 10/01/1999

    By Carmel Barry

    The purpose of the Aboriginal Cultural Immersion Program is to provide a program that encourages Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners to develop their understanding of their cultural identity. The primary aim of the Program is to address the offending behaviours of prisoners and offend [Public correctional enterprise, prisoners, rehabilitation]Design Initiatives in the NT for Indigenous Inmates 10/01/1999

    By Philip Brown & Stewart Labrooy

    In the Northern Territory, Correctional Services currently provides safe and secure custody for around 620 adult inmates, against a prison design capacity of 760 offenders, and for approximately 20 juvenile detainees, against a design capacity of 54 offenders. [safe and secure custody, correctional facilities]Outreach Service to Indigenous Probationers 10/01/1999

    By

    This paper records the progress of a local adult Probation and Parole Service, a division of the NSW Department of Corrective Services, in seeking to develop services for indigenous persons under its supervision. It records attempts at best practice in response to identified needs among young Goo [Parole service, intervention, alcohol consumed]Alcohol and Violence 10/01/1999

    By Les Bursill

    Concerns of a number of Sydney/Bathurst communities were worried by the levels of violence in their communities and with the apparent association of alcohol abuse with that violence. [treatment & service, limited education,substance abuse]Northern Territory Court-Mandated Pilot Program for Offenders of Domestic and Aboriginal Family Violence 10/01/1999

    By Ian Castillon & Chris Manners

    The Northern Territory Government, under the National Domestic Violence Task Force initiatives launched in 1994, received funding from the Commonwealth Government for the 1999 calendar year to pilot a court mandated program for offenders of domestic and Aboriginal family violence. The specific ob [court mandated, criminal justice, violent behaviors, Violence Against Women]Community initiative and reform in the Administration of Justice and Corrections 10/01/1999

    By Dr Paul Chantrill

    Community involvement in the administration of justice and the rehabilitation of offenders has taken on renewed vigour and relevance in the period following the release of the recommendations of the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody (RCIADIC).What is less generally recognised in [prevent crime, sentencing options, correctional orders,]Aboriginal Sex Offender Treatment Program 10/01/1999

    By Julieanne Davies

    The Ministry of Justice Sex Offender Treatment Unit (SOTU) commenced as a prison based service in 1987.This paper briefly documents the evolution of the Aboriginal sex offender program and draws attention to some of the strengths and limitations of the current program as facilitated from Greenoug [domestic violence, rape and sexual assault, child sexual abuse, Violence Against Women]Risk of Violence Assessment: Aboriginal Offenders and the Assumption of Homogeniety 10/01/1999

    By Deborah Dawson

    The consequences of inappropriate application are far-reaching. From a civil liberties perspective low-risk offenders may be detained on the basis of high-risk status and community safety compromised by the release of high-risk offenders deemed low-risk. From a management perspective it becomes q [violence, civil liberties, ethical assessment,]Preventing Self-Harm in Prison: Do We Need Different Strategies for Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Prisoners? 10/01/1999

    By Greg Dear

    The project aimed to identify (1) sections of the prison population who are at greater risk of self-harm, (2) the main factors that precipitate self-harm and (3) psychological and situational factors that differentiate self-harmers from non-self-harmers.This paper summarises the main findings fr [prison population, situational factors,]Accurate Information Equals Effective Interventions: Who and Where are People of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Origin 10/01/1999

    By Gabrielle Friebe

    There has been little progress in achieving accurate and reliable statistics in crime and justice information systems relating to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. This limits targeted intervention programs.It is important that data is comparable across States. [crucial compononet, criminal justice]Valued Students: Valued Education 10/01/1999

    By Pat Hodgens

    Over the years The Koorie Institute of Education, and with it the Students in Custody Program, have been broadened extensively in line with student interests and needs. This process is ongoing. Instead of offering only degrees in Arts or Social Sciences the Institute is now able to offer a wide r [effective learning, best practices, critically analysed]Coronial Best Practice 10/01/1999

    By Alastair Hope

    Coroner has a vital role to play as an independent judicial officer serving the Crown and the public.To this end, it is important that the Coronial System monitor all deaths and particularly that it provides to the community a review of the circumstances surrounding deaths that appear preventabl [Coroners court, ]Risk, Needs and Responsivity in Violence Rehabilitation: Implications for Programs with Indigenous Offenders 10/01/1999

    By

    There is increasing evidence that rehabilitation programs can have a significant impact in reducing rates of reoffending. Rather than assessing whether rehabilitation programs work, our interest is increasingly focused on assessing the characteristics of the most effective programs.The Risk Princ [Forensic psychologists, rehabilitation, offenders]Customary Law for 40,000 years: A Pilot Study Abandoned … 10/01/1999

    By Christopher Howse

    The Aborigional people whose primary language which also is the only language eloquently spoken by the people had been subjected to a legal system uder which they live that’s been given scant credit.The legal system under which they live is given scant credit. It is 40,000 years old.The new law su [Juvenile justice, court, jail,]Programs for Offenders with Alcohol and Drug-Related Problems 10/01/1999

    By Wendy Hunter

    Like many other correctional agencies, rehabilitation of offenders and reducing repeat offending are key strategic directions and indicators for Northern Territory Correctional Services (NTCS).Services include primary health care, mental health, domestic violence and sex offender programs, education [Health care, domestic violence, Juvenile detention center, violence against women]Vocational Education and Training in NT Correctional Centres 10/01/1999

    By

    In the Vocational Education and Training (VET) context best practice is “a comprehensive, integrated and co-operative approach to the continuous improvement of all facets of our organisations operations”Prisoner Education unit has been achieved through the implementation of programs t [prisoner education, low education levels, holistic approach]The White Wall Syndrome: An Indigenous framework for Practice Operating Within the Women’s Prison 10/01/1999

    By Debbie Kilroy

    The White Wall Syndrome feeds into the culture within these walls that women live in, day in day out. It is a multi faceted complex, dynamic system and is impossible to present a complete picture of the culture in a 20 minute paper.The women in prison who do not come from a poorer socio-economic bac [women in prison, silenced women, crime]Partnerships for Indigenous Health 10/01/1999

    By Michael Levy

    In 1996 Corrections Health Service (CHS) began discussions toward a partnership agreement with the then NSW Aboriginal Health Resources Co-operative (AHRC) [now referred to as the Aboriginal Health and Medical Research Council (AHMRC)].Only metropolitan correctional centres, and one rural correct [inmates, individual practitioners, correctional centres]Gurma Bilni – Change Your Life. A Holistic Sex Offender Program for Aboriginal Men in the NT Correctional Centres 10/01/1999

    By Dr Sharon Mccallum & Ian Castillon

    The project which resulted in the Gurma Bilni – Change Your Life program was born of the frustration of Community Corrections Officers not having an appropriate intervention option for traditional Aboriginal men who had committed sex offences.The program aims to provide an environment in which me [Intervention research, Design & development]Cultural Issues in Architectural Design of Indigenous Custodial Facilities 10/01/1999

    By Paul Memmot & Karl Eckermann

    The rationale is that architects cannot successfully design adequate housing and plan settlements for Aboriginal people unless there is an understanding of their everyday behaviour, especially culturally distinct aspects such as; the structures of sociospatial behaviour, the high degree of extern [traditionaly oriented lifesyles, external orientation, adequte housing]Aboriginal Community Supervision Agreements in Western Australia 10/01/1999

    By

    In January 1993, a form of contractual agreement with Aboriginal offenders was introduced under which participating Aboriginal communities manage the supervision of offenders resident in those communities.The Aboriginal Community Supervision Agreement represents a breakthrough in the supervision [Imprisonment, Parole officers, courts, ]Aboriginal Visitors Scheme 10/01/1999

    By Phil Prosser

    The Aboriginal Visitors Scheme was originally coordinated by the Aboriginal Affairs planning authority (AAPA) (now the Aboriginal Affairs Department) before being transferred to the Ministry of Justice in March 1994. Although administered by the Ministry, the Aboriginal Visitors Scheme has been a [Deaths in Custody, Minister for Police, , law enforcement]Overview of the Theory of Diversion 10/01/1999

    By Rick Sarre

    In order for practitioners to divert successfully Indigenous Australians from vortex-like aspects of the criminal justice system, it is important for them to have an appreciation of the difficulties that have beset the attempts of their predecessors.The impetus for change came from a combination [criminal justice, police cells, prison populations, legal factors, law enforcement]Girrawaa Creative Work Centre, Bathurst Cultural Program 10/01/1999

    By Joan Selfe

    The Girrawaa Creative Work Centre has been established to promote work and its importance to individual and community. It recognises the barriers to employment and business opportunities for Aboriginal Australians.The Wiradjuri are the people of the Bathurst area and Girrawaa is their totem. [Economic independence, correctional enviorment, rehabilitation]Aboriginal Family Supervision Program 10/01/1999

    By Susan Senior

    This workshop will examine the antecedents leading to the establishment of the Aboriginal Family Supervision Program (AFSP) in July 1996. These antecedents include recommendations arising from the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody 1991 and a survey of Aboriginal families in the n [Aboriginal deaths, criminal justice, young offenders, policy development]Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Community Placement Centres 02/01/2002

    By Darcy Turgeon

    The Department of Corrective Services currently manages under contract four Community Placement Centres formerly referred to as Outstations in the north of the state as diversion from secure custody options for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners predominantly from the Lotus Glen and [inmate programs, probation and parole, prisons, corrections, ex-offender programs]Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Family Support Program, Elders Visitation Program, Support Worker Scheme, Murrie Chaplaincy, Cultural Interests Program 10/01/1999

    By Darcy Turgeon

    The Department of Corrective Services (DCS) has aimed to assist inmates and family members maintain cultural links by facilitating visits by family members into Correctional Centres and assisting inmates to attend funerals of relatives on home communities. Cultural events, including NAIDOC week a [corrections, prisons, families of prisoners]Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Sexual Health Program 10/01/1999

    By Darcy Turgeon

    This program was developed through a project undertaken jointly by the Department of Corrective Services (DCS) and Queensland Health. With such a large number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners from remote, semi-remote and regional and urban communities the DCS recognised the mora [inmate health care, inmate educational programs, corrections, prisons]Report on the Pilot Project 10/01/1999

    By

    The study involved prisoner participation in a computer based alcohol and drug education and skills development program called “Matters of Substance.”An evaluation of the pilot has led to recommendations, which include recruiting a dedicated A&D worker to further integrate the program& [prisoner, alcohol & drug education, drug rehab]Cross Cultural Awareness Training 10/01/1999

    By Ken Wano

    The Department of Corrective Services, Queensland, is required to provide Cross Cultural Awareness training to staff. The provision of training endeavours to address Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody, Recommendations, (96), (97), (155), (177) and (210).The principle responsibili [Human resources, corrective services, training and development center]Foetal Alcohol Syndrome – What is it and What are the Possible Implications? 10/01/1999

    By Dr. Nicholas Williams

    Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is described as the commonest preventable cause of mental retardation in the western world. It refers to a pattern of malformations found in children of mothers who drink large amounts of alcohol when they are pregnant.FAS is said to be preventable : a pregnant woma [mental retardation, hyper activity, malformations, judgement problems]Place Management in Moree 06/01/2000

    By Jim Boyce

    Place Management is the achievement of positive results in a community, coordinating and acting as a catalyst and conduit, to focus government and private organisations to effect improvements in social, cultural and economic conditions for the people in that place generally and the disadvantaged in [private organisations , focus government ]The Kowanyama Justice Group 02/01/2002

    By Dr. Paul Chantrill

    The Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody found that Aboriginal Australians were victims of entrenched racism and discrimination in the justice system. To redress this, the Royal Commission recommended that funding be available for developing innovative and community-based justice progr [local justice, police, juvenile justice, corrective services, law enforcement]Crime and Policing in China 09/01/1998

    By Li Xiancui

    The Chinese police system comprises of the following sub-divisions :Public security police, State security police, the prison police, judicial police in the people procurators corts, and and judicial police in the peoples’ courts. And most of Chinese crimes are profit driven. [Criminal Law , police system, drug-related crime, organized crime, law enforcement]Inequality, Power and Morality: Criminality of Elites and their Impact on Society 08/01/1997

    By Dr. Susanne Karstedt

    Increasing inequality shifts power, resources and control toward the high ranking groups. It widens the gap between the highest and lowest ranks, making the former less, and the latter more vulnerable. It has been shown that inequality increases elite crimes.. Inequality weakens society’s values by [multicultural society, business crimes]Recent Developments in Crime Statistics and in Correctional Research in England 10/01/2000

    By Chris Lewis

    Based on reported rsults of surveys conducted by British researchers, Crime rate has been on the decline for a long period of time :There was a fall between 1997 and 1999 in nearly all the offences it measures:21% for burglary: 15% for vehicle-related theft: but robbery increased by 14%,The 10% [Crime, police, violence, law enforcement]Linking Users and Producers of Electronic Data 02/01/1999

    By

    Professor Lievesley discussed the development of electronic access and preservation strategies, focussing on the practical aspects of the implementation of such strategies and the ways in which constraints such as the need to maintain confidentiality can be dealt with. [Access to Electronic Data, Forging Links, Confidentiality]Crime Reduction 08/01/2000

    By David Moxon

    Promoting a less criminal society by preventing the development of criminality among young people; and by investing in situational crime prevention to make it more difficult to commit crime.Preventing crime in the community by acting on the social conditions that sustain crime and by targetting p [crime, criminologists, law & order, ]Organised Crime and the Business of Migrant Trafficking: An Economic Analysis 11/01/1999

    By Andreas Schloenhardt

    The trafficking of migrants to Australia, throughout the Asia-Pacific region and around the world has become a multi-billion-dollar business for criminal organisations. Over the last ten years, thousands of migrants have been moved illegally across international borders with the assistance of profes [criminal organisations, international borders , professional trafficking ]Myths and Realities of Cyberterrorism 10/01/2000

    By Professor Michael Stohl

    Computer security and terrorism is a serious, yet unexplored dimension of the ever-changing relationship between terrorist activity and its impact on society. Although little formal discussion has taken place on the subject, speculation on its future implications abound. [Cybercrime, political violence, terrorism, human rights]Crime and Policing in China 09/01/1998

    By Li Xiancui

    In the previous section, it is clearly evident that China is facing a major upsurge in property crimes and drug-related crime. Hence, in this section the focus is primarily directed to how the Chinese government and its constituent organs are attempting to combat the growing drug problem within Chin [Policy changes, drug related crime, organized cime, economic crime]Crime and Social Capital 10/01/1999

    By Dr. Adam Graycar

    The stock of social capital we have invested in our community contributes to the maintenance of social order, that is, to the prevention of crime. The fundamental task in crime prevention is to work cross-sectorally and one result might be to turn potential future offenders into good citizens. [Traffic police, offenders,, law enforcement]Contemporary Challenges in Community Corrections 06/01/2000

    By Dr Adam Graycar

    Aboriginal communities. Community groups attempt to control disorder and crime through activities that make people aware of opportunities to join in community and crime prevention activities and develop support systems and role models. This needs to blend with local economic and physical developm [Prison, juveniles,conceived probation]Computer Crime: A Criminological Overview 04/01/2000

    By Dr Peter Grabosky

    The most appropriate strategies for the control of computer-related crime entails a mixture of law enforcement, technological and market-based solutions. The pursuit of a strict enforcement agenda is, in most cases not feasible because of the limited capacity of the state. Over-regulation, moreover, [Cybercrime, electronic vandalism and terrorism, transfer fraud]Identifying and Responding to Corporate Fraud in the 21st Century 03/01/2002

    By Dr Adam Graycar and Dr Russell Smith

    This report reviews data collected by the Australian Institute of Criminology of a study of crime against small business. It shows that fraud costs more in dollar terms than employee theft, burglary, armed robbery, and vandalism. [Fraud,Corporate,Identifying,Responding]People Smuggling: National Security Implications 08/01/2000

    By Dr Adam Graycar and Rebecca Tailby

    The smuggling of migrants by these organised crime groups disrupts established immigration policies of destination countries and often involves human rights abuses. The large scale unregulated movement of migrants across borders is increasingly being recognised by governments as an issue with maj [smuggling & trafficking, international migration]Trafficking in Human Beings 07/01/1999

    By Dr. Adam Graycar

    After reviewing the connections between people smuggling, people trafficking and undocumented migration, this chapter discusses the extent of undocumented migration to Australia, the employment of illegal workers in the sex industry, and the different categories of traffickers involved, including or [human trafficking, violence against women, transnational organized crime]Policing Domestic Violence 03/01/1999

    By Sue Anderson

    The Domestic Violence Crisis Service became operational in the ACT in 1988, as a response to a recommendation of the Law Reform Commission in its Report on Domestic Violence 1986. The service is a continuation of the Domestic Violence Telephone Information and Referral Service, which started in 1 [Victims of crime, domestic violence, law enforcement, Violence Against Women]Corrections in the New Millennium: Plan, Control or Perish 03/01/1999

    By Barry Apsey

    There is today at least a general recognition that if there is commonality of purpose between police, courts and corrections that there should be at least an integration of approaches while still keeping functions and structures separate. [Criminal justice, intergration, ]Spatial Analysis of Crime Data: Firearms Related Homicide in Australia 03/01/1999

    By Carlos Carcach

    As crime and delinquency are known to be localized processes, criminological maps have proved useful in assisting police operations and in supporting crime prevention initiatives (see Weisburd and McEwen, 1997). Maps also assist in the assessment of the regional distribution of crime.Regional var [Crime & justice, risk factors, ]Australian Deaths in Custody: 1980-1998 03/01/1999

    By Vicki Dalton

    Since 1992 the Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC) has been monitoring Indigenous and non-Indigenous deaths in prison and police custody, custody-related police operations and juvenile detention.This research is designed to provide timely, policyrelevant advice to the Federal Government and [Police operations, Criminal justice, law enforcement]The SAJJ Project: An Overview and Some Preliminary Results 03/01/1999

    By Kathleen Daly

    All personal crimes of violence (assaults, sexual assaults, robbery) and the more serious kinds of property offences involving individual victims or community organisations (such as schools or churches)by jeuveniles.Depending on the question asked, the YP’s responses suggest that they have accurat [Police officers, law enforcement, violence against women]The Inappropriateness of the Criminal Justice System: Indigenous Australian Criminological Perspective 03/01/1999

    By Byron Davis

    Three contemporary Australian historians’ research into race relations in Queensland titled their research “Exclusion, Extermination and Exploitation of Aboriginals Race Relations in Queensland” (Saunders, Evans and Cronin 1988, UQ Press). Their title gives apt expression of In [Law & justice,]Deaths in Custody: Moving Beyond a Statistical Analysis 03/01/1999

    By Dr John Dawes

    Clearly, deaths in custody occur within the boundaries of the present criminal justice system and, therefore, it is proper that criminologists and others study the effectiveness and efficiency of custodial programmes (as part of the criminal justice system).Statistical aanalysis of of the rates h [Criminal justice, prisoners, police operations, law enforcement]The Changing Face of Fraud: Phone Fraud 03/01/1999

    By Gillian Dempsey PhD

    This paper concentrates on the technological aspects of digital phone fraud rather than physical theft, for example, of a handset, although the encryption considerations are similar.Digital fraud presents yet another increasing layer of complexity for law enforcement agencies. [False pretenses, Law enforcement]Law Enforcement and Indigenous Australians 03/01/1999

    By Colin Dillon

    The AIC said that the 19-year trend of over-representation continues with indigenous deaths accounting for 17 per cent of total deaths in custody.Also, the issues of race and resentment have been woven into the relationship between cops and blacks . [Police, law enforcement]Drug Misuses and its Impact on Law Enforcement 03/01/1999

    By Peter Edwards

    The paper argues that drug use has changed the nature of crime in Australia and has consequently impacted on the focus of law enforcement. It argues that the law enforcement response to drugs must continue to change to accommodate the most pressing demand of the community which is the drug relate [Drugs & crime, law enforcement, Organized Crime, Trafficking]Towards a More Objective Basis for Bail Decision Making 03/01/1999

    By Robert E Fitzgerald & Peter Marshall

    This paper will build on the preceding presentation (by Rick Sarre), by presenting further descriptive data about the use and outcomes of remand in custody and of bail. It will complement the preceding paper by considering the remanding of both juveniles and adults. [Juveniles]Criminal Sanctions at the Other End 03/01/1999

    By Richard Fox

    This paper focuses on the sanctions which are applied extra-judicially for wrongdoing at the other end of the sentencing spectrum. [court, criminal offense, compliant offender]Explaining Increases in Imprisonment Rates 03/01/1999

    By Arie Freiberg

    Imprisonment rates in Australia have mirrored rates in other English speaking countries such as the United Kingdom and the United States. In June 1997 the United States imprisonment rate stood at over 648 per 100,000 of the resident population (Proband 1998). At that date the combined prison and [Imprisonment, penal culture,]Boundaries and Challenges within Criminal Justice 02/03/2002

    By Australian Institute of Criminology

    [criminal justice, crime prevention]Integrating Womens Supports 03/01/1999

    By Pru Goward

    The women’s refuge movement has a proud tradition of helping women who are victims of domestic violence. This movement has made a significant contribution to raising our awareness about domestic violence and the criminal nature of this offence. In the past women have set up high-security re [Justice system, protection for its victims, domestic violence, Violence Against Women]The Future of Crime Control 02/01/2002

    By Dr. Peter N. Grabosky

    This paper will explore what society’s response to crime will look like in the year 2020. Following a brief discussion of the anticipated criminal environment, and trends which will influence the delivery of public services, the paper will suggest some of the forms which future institutions [Criminal enviorment, police services, Crime control, law enforcement]Keynote Address, 3rd National Outlook Symposium on Crime in Australia 03/01/1999

    By Dr. Adam Graycar

    Since its establishment 25 years ago the Australian Institute of Criminology has always tried to integrate systems in the pursuit of crime reduction and to develop better data to inform policy.Crime reduction policies with mapped boundaries are the theme of the hird National Symposium on Crime in [Criminal justice, crime prevention, ]Directions for Research and Policy 03/01/1999

    By Sally T. Hillsman PhD

    I-ADAM,an international consortium, however, provides a research platform for cross-jurisdictional, cross national studies on a much wider range of important issues for which the arrestee population is a strategic research target. Expanding the network of research that builds generalizable, [Criminal justice, crime & justice, crime control]Boundaries in Policing 03/01/1999

    By Mal Hyde

    The implications for police from increasing accountability are broad ranging. Service delivery expectations are of particular relevance to boundaries in policing as they reinforce the need for police to be effective in service delivery. [Police operations, Drugs and Crime, Police Role, Police tactics, law enforcement]Patterns of Violence 03/01/1999

    By Dr David Indermaur

    In terms of the quantity of violent crime, assault represents more than three quarters. This can be seen in the analysis of what constitutes violent crime. There are four major categories within “violent crime”: homicide, sexual assault, robbery and assault. Robbery itself is somewhat [Violent crime,]Describing Crime in Rural New South Wales 03/01/1999

    By

    The same structures and processes that influence behaviour in cities are present, albeit in a somewhat modified form, in rural areas.there is no absolute and definitive conceptual distinction between either the conceptual or geographic boundaries of what constitutes a metropolitan area, a non-metr [Crime, drug offenses]Preventing Violence and Crime 03/01/1999

    By Yvonne Korn

    NCP’s first set of priorities have covered: fear of crime, burglary, domestic violence, young [Crime prevention, domestic violence, violence against women, law enforcement, juvenile crime]Police and Prosecution 03/01/1999

    By Tony Krone

    It is convenient to consider the boundary between police and the prosecutor in two stages. The first is during the investigation up to the point of charging. The second is following arrest or charge while the prosecution is being conducted. [Criminal cases, courts, prosecution, Police, law enforcement]Links Between Offending and Illicit Drug Use: A Study of Property Offenders Self Reported Criminal Behaviour 03/01/1999

    By Toni Makkai

    The links between offending and illicit drug use appears to be very common. However, it is evident, according to records that most known offenders are those still using illicit drugs or had used illicit drugs prior to the offences. [Drug related crime, illicit drugs, Criminal career]Bending the Boundaries – Advocacy Without Limits for Young People 02/01/2002

    By Gwenn Murray

    Accepting that the law is not an objective standard by which to measure young people’s circumstances and needs and being prepared to push to the boundaries of the law is the first step in providing advocacy for young people. Listening to children and acting on their needs is the key to push [Juvenile Offending,]Partnerships Within Corrections 03/01/1999

    By Denbigh Richards, Geoff Storr

    There is a need for correctional services to seek greater involvement of community organisations in the task of effectively managing offenders. Inclusive programs contribute effectively to the rehabilitation of offenders who gain greater understanding of the effects of offending behaviour as wel [Criminal Justice, Convicted persons]Factors Affecting Remand in Custody in Three Australian Jurisdictions 03/01/1999

    By

    It has been demonstrated that simply using the remand rate comparisons as a tool for evaluating the fairness and efficiency of the remand in custody system is inadequate. Rather, remand in custody outcomes must be seen as the result of a complex interweaving of legislative provisions, interpretat [Criminolgy Research, Justice system, Imprisonment, Public Safety]Ethnicity and Crime 02/01/2002

    By Satyanshu Mukherjee

    Criminological literature over last several decades shows that socio-economic disadvantage and disorganised communities contribute substantially to a city’s or neighbourhooCriminological literature over last several decades shows that socio-economic disadvantage and disorganised communities [Arrested, Convicted & imprisoned, Victims, statistics, corrections]Best Practise in Fraud Prevention 03/01/1999

    By Dr. Russel G. Smith

    Once fraud control policies have been established it is necessary for them to be implemented and, most importantly, monitored in order to ensure that they achieve the desired effects. This applies not only to organizations but individuals as well.All electronically operated systems as well as the [Crime, Risk management, ]Domestic Violence: Deterring Perpetrators 02/01/2002

    By Dr. Anna Stewart

    In recent years a coercive criminal justice response has been promoted as the appropriate response to control and deter perpetrators of domestic violence. In varying degrees, across western democracies, pro-arrest and mandatory arrest policies, no-drop prosecution, and tougher penalties have been [Criminal justice, Domestic violence, policy makers, Police handling, Violence Against Women, law enforcement]Restorative Justice: Current Developments and Research Findings 02/01/2002

    By Heather Strang

    Restorative justice is focused on repairing the harm caused by the offence and is about restoring victims, restoring offenders and restoring communities.These findings suggest that, as for victims, for offenders attending conferences a sense of both procedural justice and restorative justice was h [Model of Justice, Victim, Offenders]Opening Address, 3rd National Outlook Symposium on Crime in Australia 03/01/1999

    By

    In order to adequately deal with the reduction of Crime in the communities,Australian authorities decided to employ a variety of it’s law enforcement institutions that will continously study, evaluate, and fight assaults and crimes. [Crime, Law enforcement, theft, sexual assault]Firearm Deaths and Firearm Crime After Gun Licensing in Tasmania 02/01/2002

    By Professor Kate Warner

    While the number of suicides by firearms fluctuated in annual terms in the survey period, they decreased in the post Guns Act period by some 34 per cent compared with the pre Guns Act period. The results suggest that the Act did reduce the number of spontaneous act with recently acquired firearm [Firearm regulation, Gun massacres, Police ministers, law enforcement]Preventing Crime and Violence Among Transient and Persistent Offenders 02/01/2002

    By

    The angelic and demonic views of juvenile offending have in different ways encouraged a preoccupation with offender-based crime control strategies, that is, strategies which target prevention policies at those apprehended for crime with a view to influencing their future behaviour.One important w [Crime & safety, Criminoligcal research, Juvenile,]Crime in Rural NSW: A Police Perspective 02/01/2002

    By

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss how the NSW Police Service perceives and responds to the incidence of crime in rural NSW. It will discuss from a law enforcement perspective, the distinctive characteristics of rural communities and the impact these have on demand for service, recent trends [Poverty, Free of crime, Police service,, law enforcement]Strategic Directions: Planning for Safer Communities 02/01/2002

    By Dr Adam Graycar

    Crime feeds off the physical form of local life, whether it be in a village, a rural town, a suburb, or a major metropolis.Creating a safer community requires the participation of all sections of the community in a diverse range of business and recreational activities at all times of the day and [Crime and violence, victims of crime, Offenders, Increase safety]Developing Cultural Responsiveness in the Delivery of Service to Refugees and Survivors of Torture and Trauma 02/01/2002

    By Paris Aristotle

    A recent study of people entering Australia under the humanitarian program over the past decade indicated that 25% had suffered extreme experiences of torture and trauma and another 38% in the same study reported less severe experiences of trauma.2 If these percentages were applied to humanitaria [Torture & trauma, ]Child Witness Service – What’s so Special About it? 02/01/2002

    By Shannon Bellett

    To date criminal prosecutions requiring children’s evidence are primarily in the area of sexual abuse, involving both cases of intrafamilial and extrafamilial abuse by both nuclear and extended family members, as well as others placed in a position of care over children – teachers, activity group [Victims of Crime, Sexual abuse, Criminal prosecutions, ]Why is Victim/Offender Mediation Called Restorative Justice? 02/01/2002

    By Carmel Benjamin

    Victim/offender mediation is a restorative justice process because it is a viable and positive pathway from a criminal justice system of retribution to one of restoration and responsibility. It emphasizes the needs of victims of crime and holds offenders accountable and responsible for the harm t [Mediation, Victims of crime, criminal justice,]Sex Workers and Sexual Assault: The Hidden Crime 02/01/2002

    By

    There are some groups in our society that are marginalised and stigmatised, resulting in increased vulnerability to abuse and violence. Sex workers, also known as prostitutes, are one of these groups. Evidence suggests that SIWs are vulnerable to sexual violence.And these victims of sex crimes ar [Sexual Assault, Rape & violence, Violence Against Women]A New Technique for Depression, Pain Control and Stress Reduction: After Image Visual Perception Thought Stopping 02/01/2002

    By Dr Brian Costello

    Through gentle induction, patients were physically relaxed by graded entrainment exercises. This simple technique differs completely from progressive relaxation and guided imagery. [drugs, Victims of crime, Law enforcement]Using Predictive Risk Science for the Avoidance of Victims 02/01/2002

    By Dr Larry Cromwell, PhD

    At the Pentagon Centre in Victoria we are working on ways of predicting outbreaks of violence by identifying what we might call the ‘leading indicators’ of violence before the violence occurs. [Violence, victims, ]Collaborative Approaches to Restoring Victims of Crime in NSW 02/01/2002

    By

    NSW has a system of services to provide for the many varied needs of the victims of crime. These include domestic violence services, sexual assault services, court support services, the Witness Assistance Scheme, counselling and medical support provided through NSW Health and Counselling to victi [Violent crime, sexual assault, Health & counseling, Violence Against Women, victim]The Challenge of Delivering Services Which Provide for Restoration to Rurally Isolated Communities: The Victorian Example 02/01/2002

    By

    The Victims Assistance Programs otherwise known as VAP’s were established in Victoria from July 1997, following the establishment of the Victims Referral and Assistance Service in November 1996.This action helps promote personal developement,encourages individual skill developement, and bet [Victims referral, Emergency services, Minister for Police,, law enforcement]Assessment of the Impact of Stalking Legislation 02/01/2002

    By

    The study specifically aimed: to assess the extent to which the legislation was being used for the purposes intended, to assess the impact of the legislation and its implementation on the justice system, and to identify specific issues which might affect the effective use of the legislation. [stalking, Criminal, Civil remedy, violence against women, law enforcement, crime prevention, courts]Creative and Practical Counselling and Psychotherapy for Child and Adult Trauma Victims 02/01/2002

    By Joan Ennis

    Ways of assisting clients, young and old, to tell and process their story, access and explore emotions, and lessen the impact of the event/s. They have the added benefit of adding a dimension that is creative, and at times can provide some light releif. [victims treatment, juvenile victims]Victims of Bullying and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder 02/01/2002

    By Evelyn Field

    An aggressive behaviour arising from the deliberate intent to cause physical or psychological distress to others, and the psychological impacts on the victim of bullies include increased psychological arousal such as poor concentration,irrtability, aggressiveness, feeling of guilt,etc. [physical harassment, anti-social, bullying, Victims of Crime]Why Wreck a Man’s Life?: The Paradox of Male Sexual Assault 02/01/2002

    By Helen McAdam, Ann Fitts

    The essence of forming of collaborating the Latrobe Community Health Services Inc.,and the Creative Skill Consultants to engage the Victims’ Referral and Assistance Service of the Victorian Department of Justice is to research the needs of men who have been sexually assaulted, and to improve th [Sexual assault, victims’ rights]Improving the Accuracy and Availability of Information About Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples 09/01/1999

    By Gabrielle Friebe

    The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) has implemented a number of initiatives designed to bring about improved identification of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in administrative collections. This, in turn, will improve the quality of information that could be made available from [Increased risk, Threatened, Attacked, Offenders]Setting the Scene 02/01/2002

    By Dr Adam Graycar

    This is the Opening Address by Dr. Adam Graycar for the Australian Institute of Criminology. [Australia, Crimes, Victims, sexual assault, abduction/ kidnapping, media reporting, emotional wounds, secondary victims]Victims Needs, Victims Rights – An AIC Report 02/01/2002

    By Dr Adam Graycar

    In this report, the AIC has sought to produce material which comprehensively outlines the structure of victim services in each Australian state and territory in order to give an accurate picture of the nature of the services existing nationally. (excerpted from the Author) [Background, Main Findings, Current Services, Future Directions]The Implementation of Group Conferencing in Juvenile Justice in Victoria 02/01/2002

    By Mark Griffiths

    This paper has outlined the unique features of the Victorian model of Group Conferencing operating in Juvenile Justice. Results from three Independent Evaluations conducted over five years are summarized. Key issues for further expanding the program are highlighted. (excerpted from the Author) [Anglicare Victoria, Target Group, Gaining Referrals, Time, Location, Recidivism]The Silent Witness Project 02/01/2002

    By Frances Guerin

    This presentation will discuss ways of working with meditation, mandalas, color therapy, and sound as an adjunct to counseling in recovery from domestic violence and sexual assault. (excerpted from the Author) [domestic violence, sexual assault, violence against women]The Search for Parallel Justice 02/01/2002

    By Susan Herman

    In thinking about how to meet the contemporary challenges in restoring victims, we must first critically examine the philosophical framework of our response to all victims of crime. We must ask, “What is it we do for victims and why?” In my view, given the nature and extent of victimi [Rights for Victims, Community Justice, Restorative Justice, Parallel Justice, ]For the Benefit of All – Relationships Between Feminist and Generic Services for Victims/Survivors in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Robyn Holder and Di Lucas

    Both of us welcome the opportunity to present some thoughts to you today on relationships between feminist specialist services and generic crime victim services. (excerpted from the Authors) [ACT, Feminist Services, Rape Crisis, Victim Services, Violence Against Women]The Role of Apology in the Japanese Criminal Justice System 02/01/2002

    By Yoko Hosoi and Haruo Nishimura

    In the last few years, insight into the problems faced by crime victims has evolved dramatically in Japan. Since the Crime Victims Benefit Payment Law (Law No.36) was enacted in 1980, 15 years passed without any further development for the concern and support of victims either within the governme [Japan, apology-forgiveness culture, Juvenile Law, Kobe case]Putting the Pieces Back Together Again: Narrative Therapy and Ideas of Restoration in Working Together With Victims of Crimes of Violence 02/01/2002

    By Jo Howard and Helen Wirtz

    Our paper will focus on the therapeutic component of this work. In therapy we start from the position that the client is the expert in his or her own life. (excerpted from the Authors) [victims of crime, violence against women]Recovery or Retribution? 02/01/2002

    By Marie Kennedy

    The title of this paper is ‘Recovery or Retribution?’ It is based on research conducted through the University of Tasmania law school that investigated beliefs about abused children and child abuse. (excerpted from the Author) [Abused Children, child abuse, juveniles victims]Having Their Say The Role of Victims in Diversionary Conferencing 02/01/2002

    By Senior Constable Jeff Knight

    In presenting this paper, I will talk about Diversionary Conferencing in the Australian Capital Territory, including the role of the victim and how the process can help the victim in recovering from the effect of the crime. (excerpted from the Author) [Diversionary Conference (DC), Court system, ACT, Case Study]Working With Children/Adolescents Who Are Secondary Victims of Crime: Domestic Violence 02/01/2002

    By Sandra Lawler and Jan Vann

    There will always be some children and adolescents who cannot be reached through the school system. Individual counselling and group work could just as easily be delivered by youth group leaders, youth workers and other working with marginalised youth. (excerpted from the Authors) [child victims, domestic violence, violence against women]The Effects of Childhood Sexual Abuse on Female Sexuality: A Model of Intervention 02/01/2002

    By Lee-anne Marendaz and Kaye Wood

    To address the difficult nature of sexual difficulties in survivors of childhood sexual abuse, a more comprehensive understanding of the effects and dynamics of the original abuse and its resulting impact on the survivor is needed to help develop a more relevant and appropriate treatment response [child abuse, sexual asasault]Clinical Effects of Sexual Abuse of Children – A Melbourne Study 02/01/2002

    By Dr Merrilyn Murnane and Margaret Peachey

    This study is a clinical study of the effects of sexual abuse of children who were examined by Dr. Murnane in the twelve month period January to December 1997, and the extent to which counselling was sought on their behalf. Margaret Peachey Paediatric Social Worker provides Crisis Intervention Co [child abuse, sexual assault]Victim Support in New Zealand: The Significance of the Relationship With Police 02/01/2002

    By Laureen J Outtrim

    In preparing this paper I spoke to many people, who have been involved in Victim Support far longer than I, over the significant issues related to the establishment and development of Victim Support in New Zealand, in particular the relationship with the Police. I do need to say however that the [Victim Support, Victims Task Force, Secrecy Issues]Personal Safety Success Training Program for Persons With an Intellectual Disability 02/01/2002

    By Bev Preston and Jill Gleeson

    This education program targets individuals with an intellectual disability as a preventative measure against abuse, also facilitating safe disclosure of sexual abuse. (excerpted from the Authors) [General safety, unsafe feelings, private parts, safety network]Detoxifying Anger: A Narrative Therapy Approach 02/01/2002

    By Dr Robert Rich

    Not all my cases are successful. I chose these three to illustrate something Steve de Shazer once said: “Therapy is magic. I don’t know how my clients do it.” I cannot claim to know why these three women managed to conquer their problems. Something I did stimulated them to cut through the bonds o [Narrative Therapy, Case studies]The Child Victim: What Should be Done, and who Should do it? 02/01/2002

    By Richard Roylance and Cheryl Scanlon

    Children have limited skills, and require special consideration in circumstances that require them to tell their story, especially if the telling of that story brings them it conflict with adults as is the case in the adversarial Criminal Justice System. (excerpted from the Author) [Death, serious Injury, Child Victims, Witnesses, PACT]Organisations as Victims of Fraud and Deception: Encouraging the Use of Legal Redress 02/01/2002

    By Dr Russell G. Smith

    This paper examines a group of victims who, traditionally, are excluded from many crime victimisation analyses, namely organisations. (excerpted from the Author) [Extent of Fraud, Organizations, KPMG Survey, International Crimes]Restoring Victims: An International View 02/01/2002

    By Heather Strang

    Despite the successes of the victim movement internationally from the mid-seventies onwards in drawing attention to these concerns and the development of a range of services aimed at improving the circumstances of victims, some people believe that it is only through a restructuring of criminal ju [Restorative Justice, Victims, Data]The Concerned Persons Register: Two Years in Review 02/01/2002

    By Helen Taylor

    The aim of the Concerned Persons Register (CPR) is to provide timely and accurate information in a sensitive manner to victims of crime. (excerpted from the Author) [History, Development, Quantitative Data, Qualitative Data]They Do Things Differently there: Issues Arising From the Queensland Experience of Victim Impact Statements 02/01/2002

    By Mark Thomas

    It is not unusual for Queensland to be described in roughly similar terms. It is my intention today to look at two aspects of Queensland’s response to Victim Impact Statements – the legislative and the judicial. One of these is an example of the how Queensland does things differently; [Legislative landscape, Queensland, Practice]Towards Restoration (Victim Awareness Programmes for Adult Offenders in South Australia) 02/01/2002

    By David Thompson

    This paper will discuss the purpose, rationale, historical context and design of the programme. Information about early results of the programme will be given, as will suggestions about the limitations of its use. (excerpted from the Author) [Restorative Justice, Victim Awareness Programme, Research, Programme Content, Preliminary Results]The Victimology of Fraud 02/01/2002

    By Richard M. Titus, Ph.D.

    Today we will be concerned with what is called personal fraud, a type of fraud that involves some form of communication between victim and offender, and the deliberate deception of the victim with the promise of goods, services, or other benefits that are nonexistent, unnecessary, were never intende [Personal Fraud, Risk Factors, prevention]Victim Support: The UK Experience 02/01/2002

    By Anne Viney

    The Victim Support programs and their accomplishment in the UK. [Victim Support, Service Model, Code of Practice, Case examples]Guilty Until Proven Innocent 02/01/2002

    By Joseph Wakim

    This paper will examine recent case examples of terrorist false alarms, and their cumulative impact on both the ‘secondary victim’ and the wider community. Professionals who work with victims of crime must be aware of how the repeated terrorist label has affected the welfare, identity [Arabphobia, Gulf War, Oklahoma,TWA, Terrorism]A Confrontative Interview for Victims of Intrafamilial Sexual Abuse: An Alternative to an Apology that Reverses Power Differentials in a Therapeutic Way 02/01/2002

    By Anne Welfare and Robyn Miller

    A paper by Robyn Miller and Anne Welfare on an Alternative to an Apology that Reverses Power Differentials in a Therapeutic Way, especially for victims of sexual abuse. [BFTC SAT, confrontative interview, Apology Interview, The Research, Methodology, Violence Against Women]Transnational Crime in the Twenty-First Century 02/01/2002

    By John Broome

    A report by John Broome on Transnational crime in the 21st century. [National Crime Authority-NCA, transnational organized crime, law enforcement]Transnational Crime 02/01/2002

    By

    This conference was organised by the Australian Institute of Criminology in association with the Australian Federal Police and the Australian Customs Service. [National Crime Authority-NCA, transnational organized crime, law enforcement]First Results from Drug Use Monitoring in Australia (DUMA) Project 01/01/2000

    By Toni Makkai and Marni Feather

    The Drug Use Monitoring in Australia pilot project seeks to measure drug use among those people who have been arrested and held in custody by police. The focus of this paper is on the urinalysis results from the DUMA site at Southport. The data collected provides information about drug offenders, wh [urinalysis results, DUMA, ]The Composition of Australia’s Police Services 2001 10/01/2002

    By

    The Composition of Australia’s Police Services as at June 2001. [Australia, Police, Services, law enforcement]Socioeconomic Determinants and Masculinity 02/01/2002

    By Christine Alder

    While acknowledging the political and ideological construction of crime, this paper will concentrate on some of the socioeconomic explanations for violent “street crime”3/4crimes such as homicide and criminal assault. (excerpted from the Author) [socioeconomic, social factor, political factors, intra-class, intra-racial, Inequality and Unemployment]Violence in Australia: An Annotated Bibliography 02/01/2002

    By John Myrtle

    This bibliography is a selection of annotated references on the impact of violence within Australian society. (excerpted from the Author) [bibliography, Family violence, AUSTROM, Causes and Correlates, ]Conclusions of the Conference 02/01/2002

    By

    A conclusion of the National Conference on Violence, including Information on the Incidence and Prevalence of Violence in Australia. [Research Priorities, Costing Violence, Program Evaluation, Firearms, Child Abuse, Homicide]Investigation of the Incidence and Analysis of Cases of Alleged Violence Reporting to St Vincent’s Hospital 02/01/2002

    By Marjorie Cuthbert, Frances Lovejoy and Gordian Fulde

    This article describes one study of assault victimisation based on injury surveillance data. One must take care in generalising from these findings, as the location of the research is somewhat unusual, and there remains some possibility of response bias. (excerpted from the Author) [Background, AEC, Methodology, Results, Sex Differences]The Ecology of Community Violence 02/01/2002

    By Don Edgar

    Much of the discussion about violence in the community ignores the actual community context and its changing ecology. If we are to explain apparent increases in the incidence of violence we have to ask ourselves what is different in the current context compared with other contexts where violence [Financial Inequalities, The Law, Family Isolation, The Media, Internal Family System]Violence and Public Policy: Information Essentials 02/01/2002

    By David Neal

    This article is a reflection on a two-and-a-half-year experience working in criminal justice policy making in Victoria for the Victorian Law Reform Commission. (excerpted from the Author) [Public Anxiety, Misallocation, Policy Makers, Solutions]Patterns of Homicide in Victoria 02/01/2002

    By Kenneth Polk and David Ranson

    Homicide must occupy a central position in any serious inquiry in the question of violence in contemporary Australia. Movies, television, newspapers, even detective novels, give murder a prominence among lay audiences which cannot be ignored (although, as we shall see, the image of murder that is c [Victim/Offender Relationship, Methodology, Homicide in Victoria, Manslaughter, Child Destruction]Psychiatric Aspects of Preventive Intervention with Victims of Violence 02/01/2002

    By Beverley Raphael

    Individual characteristics of each person need to be understood. The victim may indicate strengths and resources to deal with the experiences, but he or she may also indicate extra vulnerabilities which need to be supported. (excerpted from the Author) [generic interventions, Specific Interventions, Trauma, Post traumatic Stress, The Person, Recovery Environment]Violence in Australian History 02/01/2002

    By Henry Reynolds

    A report by Henry Reynolds chronicling the history of Violence in australia with historical data ranging from forms of punishment to violence between Aboriginal and White colonists. [Flogging, offences, Escaped convicts, Tasmania]Issues in the Design, Implementation and Evaluation of Research and Programs to Reduce Violence 02/01/2002

    By Rick Sarre

    This chapter provides an examination of the factors which have been recognised as affecting research utilisation generally. Its conclusions may assist the process of translating research and advice to the National Committee on Violence into governmental policy. (excerpted from the Author) [policy makers, public policies, social scientists, dependent variables, independent variables]Australian Violence: An International Perspective 02/01/2002

    By Hans Joachim Schneider

    The state must always attempt to achieve its goals by peaceful means. It must demonstrate to its citizens the reasons for the enforcement of norms, and the damage which will, as a result of the violation of norms, be inflicted on victims. (excerpted from the Author) [Learning Processes, Social Norms, Mechanisms of Neutralisation, Transfer of Violence, Causes of Violence]Perceptions of Violence on Television 02/01/2002

    By Peter Sheehan

    This paper analyses the data in hand relating to the Inquiry of the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal (ABT) into, among other things, the portrayal, presentation and reporting of violence on television. The Inquiry was instituted formally on 22 August 1988 and concluded in January 1990. (excerpte [Qualitative Phase, Quantitative Phase, Age, Gender, The NEWS, Identification, Realism, Effects]The Criminal Justice System and the Victim of Violence 02/01/2002

    By Chris Sumner

    There is little doubt that the community concern about crime, victims and criminal justice policy generally will not abate in the near future. (excerpted from the Author) [Victims of Crime, South Australia, United Nations, Compensation Reforms, Sentencing Process]The Causes of Public Violence: Situational and Other Factors 02/01/2002

    By Stephen Tomsen, Ross Homel and Jenny Thommeny

    This study examines the situational variables in the public drinking environment which characterise occasions of violence. The data collected for this research cannot be meaningfully understood without giving due consideration to broad aspects of culture, social inequality, the state and public [literature on violence, origins of violence, accounts of violence, Alcohol and Violence, Public Drinking]The National Injury Surveillance and Prevention Project 02/01/2002

    By Graham Vimpani

    This paper provides an overview of the development of injury surveillance in Australia, including the establishment of the National Injury Surveillance Project, and describes how it might specifically assist in the descriptive epidemiology of intentional violence in Australia. Statistics on inte [History, CAPFA, Injury Surveillance, NISPP, Intentional Violence]How Violent is Australia? 02/01/2002

    By Don Weatherburn and Christopher Devery

    A large part of this paper will be concerned with arguing that trends and patterns of violent crime within Australia are far more instructive than comparisons between Australia and other countries. (excerpted from the Author) [Australian society, illegal violence, homicide, motor vehicle accidents, crime comparisons]Young People and Violence: A Focus on Schools (A Report of a Pilot Study) 12/01/1995

    By Judith Bessant, Rob Watts

    The limitations of traditional models for explaining youth violence and crime point to the need for alternative approaches. The authors describe an ethnographic research project into the life worlds of Victorian youth. This approach helps to illuminate the nature and quality of the appeal of violenc [juvenile crime, juvenile violence, crime in schools]Masculinities, Violence and Communitarian Control 02/01/2002

    By John Braithwaite and Kathleen Daly

    Violence is gendered: it is in considerable measure a problem and consequence of masculinity. Contemporary state interventions to control violence are no less gendered: structures of response, from arrest through imprisonment, glorify tough cops, celebrate adversarial relations, and construct a [adversarial relations, republican criminology, Maori culture, Multiple Masculinities, Justice System]How Violent is Australian Society? 02/01/2002

    By Duncan Chappell

    As the title suggests, the main purpose is to try and provide an overview of the state of violence in Australia. But it is sometimes useful to put a broader, international perspective on the problems of violence being confronted in this country. (excerpted from the Author) [COMSA, ANC, NCV, NHMP]Violence Against Women: A Social Responsibility 02/01/2002

    By Rosemary Crowley

    The issues discussed in this volume are a clear reflection of the widespread attention now being paid to this gender perspective on violence. (excerpted from the Author) [public intolerance, political correctness, Violence Against Women]Creating Safer Communities 02/01/2002

    By Judith Dixon

    This paper briefly sets out some of the key concepts and principles of a comprehensive safer community strategy and documents the experiences of some of the more recent safer community projects and initiatives. Reference is made to some of the major elements which can be incorporated into a compreh [criminal justice systems, VCCAV, Evaluation, Opportunity Reduction]Violence and Masculinity: A Commentary 02/01/2002

    By Sandra Egger

    This paper is a commentary on the three papers in this volume by Professors Sherman, Braithwaite, and Spatz Widom. The aim is to examine an emerging issue in contemporary research and theory on violence which is raised to some extent in all three papers. (excerpted from the Author) [Causes, Patterns of violence, NSW, male violence, domestic violence, Violence Against Women]Partnership for Personal Safety: Preventing Violent Crime in and Around Licensed Premises: An Exemplary Project of the South Australian Crime Prevention Strategy 02/01/2002

    By Jane Fisher

    A report by Jane Fisher for the Australian Institute of Criminology About Personal safety and the prevention of crime around licensed premises, parking lots, etc. [Personal Safety Project, reducing violent crime, Liquor Licensing Commission]Pro-Feminist Educational Programs Run by Men for Male Offenders: Is it Wise? Is it Possible? 02/01/2002

    By Ron Frey and Chris Bellotti

    The purpose of this paper is to outline a program conducted by Men Against Sexual Assault (MASA), Brisbane, at the Gwandalan Community Corrections Centre in Brisbane. (excerpted from the Author) [Inmate educational programs, violence against women]Australian Violence: Contemporary Perspectives II Conference Opening Address 02/01/2002

    By

    An Opening Address by The Honourable Bill Hayden,the Governor General of the Commonwealth of Australia, for the Contemporary Perspectives II Conference, on Australian Violence. [public concern, key questions, policies, child abuse, firearms, gun laws, sexual assaults, copycat crime]Violence in Australia: A Bibliography: 1990s Update 02/01/2002

    By Judith Iltis

    A bibliography by Judith Iltis for the Australian Institute of Criminology regarding Violence in Australia. [causes, occasions, Public Order, sporting violence, Sexual Assault, child abuse, hate crimes]Alcohol and its Contribution to Violence: New Directions for Policing Alcohol-Related Violence, Crime and Anti-SocialBehaviour in New South Wales 02/01/2002

    By Inspector C.S. (Steve) Ireland

    The New South Wales Police Service has developed a strategic approach to alcohol-related violence, crime and anti-social behaviour. The strategy recognises that policing action concentrated on licensed premises has little likelihood of success. (excerpted from the Author) [intoxication, crime, immorality, public order, assault offenders, street offences]Measures to Reduce Violence at Major Public Events: New Year’s Eve 02/01/2002

    By Neil Mellor

    A report by Neil Mellor for the Australian Institute of Criminology about the measures being taken to reduce violence at Major Public events, specifically New Year’s Eve. [civil disorder, arrest rates, Police Report, Newspaper Coverage, Strategy Development, law enforcement]Survivors of Self-Inflicted Firearm Injury: A Liaison Psychiatry Perspective 02/01/2002

    By Greg M. de Moore, Jeff D. Plew, Karina M. Bray and Jeff N. Snars

    Recent years have seen an increase in suicide attempts with firearms(Cantor et al. 1991; Snowdon & Harris 1992; Dudley et al. 1992; Boyd & Moscicki 1986). By international standards, Australia has a high rate of male suicide by firearms (Cantor & Lewin 1990). (excerpted from the Author) [Methods, Results and Discussion, Demographic Profile, Clinical Profile, Psychiatric Management]Alternative Dispute Resolution in Aboriginal and Islander Communities: The Community Justice Program’s Experience 02/01/2002

    By Christine Nolan

    A report by Christine Nolan for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Alternative Dispute Resolution in Aboriginal and Islander Communities. [Aboriginal Mediation project, Strategies, Project Officer, Video, Neutrality]Youth Violence: Myth and Reality 12/01/1995

    By Kenneth Polk

    The purpose of this discussion is to describe the nature of violence in Australian society and the role that young people play within that picture. It analyses empirical and qualitative data on the dimensions of the problem and examines public policy options that might be considered. Polk stresses t [juvenile crime, juvenile violence]Preface: An Overview of Violence in Australia 02/01/2002

    By

    The chapters presented in this volume raise many of the issues of current interest in both the popular and expert discussion. The Opening Address (Hayden) and a chapter in the first section, Patterns and Issues, give general overview discussions (Chappell). (courtesy of AIC.GOV.AU) [Defining Violence, Homicide, Robbery, Sexual assault, Sociocultural explanations]Domestic Violence Victims in Emergency Departments 02/01/2002

    By Gwenneth Roberts

    A report by Gwenneth Roberts for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Domestic Violence Victims in Emergency Departments. [psychoanalysis, dementia praecox, Abused wives, battered adolescents, family violence, Violence Against Women]The Monitoring by Police of Racist Violence in the Community 02/01/2002

    By Liz de Rome and Chris Cunneen

    A report about the Role of Police in monitoring violence related to racism. [verbal attacks, physical attacks, non-racist policies, victims, harassment, retaliatory attacks]Police Use of Firearms: Issues in Safety 02/01/2002

    By Rick Sarre

    This paper explores how it occurred (and continues to occur) and the consequences of the changes. It calls for a wider public debate on the issues surrounding the wearing and use of firearms by police, particularly in the context of research into patterns and trends of Australian violence. (exce [Australia, public debate, incapacitate, gun control strategy]The Voice of the Rapist 02/01/2002

    By Jocelynne Scutt

    A report by Jocelynne Scutt for the Australian Institute of Criminology about the role of the Rapist as a confused perpetrator, unaware of the ramifications and the qualifications of a perpetrated rape. [Violence Against Women, rape]Domestic Violence and Defiance Theory: Understanding Why Arrest Can Backfire 02/01/2002

    By Lawrence W. Sherman

    The present paper begins by updating those experimental results from subsequent publications in order to focus on their implications. It then summarises a defiance theory of the effects of criminal sanctions in general which predicts and explains the experimental results (Sherman 1993b). (excerpted [Violence Against Women, law enforcement, police, violent crime, Defiance Theory]Child Abuse Homicides in Australia: Incidence, Circumstances, Prevention and Control 02/01/2002

    By Heather Strang

    Child abuse and neglect are worldwide problems, crossing national and cultural boundaries (Finkelhor & Korbin 1988). Since the pioneering work of Kempe (Kempe et al. 1962), it has been accepted that child maltreatment is responsible for serious levels of childhood morbidity and mortality in many [neglect, developing countries, WHO-World Health Organization, family structure, child homicide, victimisation, preventive strategies]No-Man’s-Land: Negotiating Spaces for Women and Men in War and Peace 02/01/2002

    By Stephen Wallace

    The problem of sexual violence is becoming recognised as a significant social problem. Explanations for this violence have ranged from the micro (for example, the individual pathology of the offender), to the meso (for example, the result of peer group pressure in sexual/violent situations) and [sexual violence, committed by males, Violence Against Women]Crime Prevention for Aboriginal Communities 02/01/2002

    By Kayleen M. Hazlehurst

    This handbook takes a community based approach to crime prevention. It covers planning, implementing and evaluating crime prevention programs. Appendices provide a summary of ideas and sample plans for action which can be adapted for training sessions and workshops. (courtesy of AIC.GOV.AU) [visions, crimes, rehabilitation, community resources, target group]Preventing Car Theft & Crime in Car Parks 02/01/2002

    By Susan Geason and Paul R. Wilson

    This report combines a situational approach to the prevention of car crime with longer term educational strategies. It suggests simple preventive measures for motor vehicle owners; offers practical advice to car manufacturers on improving car security features; and describes environmental design str [Australia, Thieves, Vehicles, educating the public, surveillance, cost]Protecting Counter and Interviewing Staff from Client Aggression 02/01/2002

    By Bruce Swanton and Daryl Webber

    This work looks at various forms of workplace aggression, the public contact environment, personal contact skills, terminating client contact and post incident administration. It adopts a prevention oriented approach, directed at personnel and office managers concerned to protect their staff from cl [aggression, eployees, western countries, police, Client motivation, law enforcement]Preventing Graffiti and Vandalism 02/01/2002

    By Susan Geason and Paul Wilson

    This report discusses criminological theories on vandalism and the problems created by graffiti and vandalism. It describes planning, management, architectural and design strategies for minimising vandalism and graffiti on public transport, in public places, in and around public telephones, in schoo [defensible space, culture, public housing, public transport, schools, public phones, public areas]Crime Prevention for Older Australians 02/01/2002

    By Marianne Pinkerton James

    The author explores both the theoretical and empirical principles of crime prevention strategies for older people. Her book covers the ageing of the Australian population; crime prevention in theory and practice; fear reduction; elder abuse; and the need for policy development. (courtesy of AIC.GOV. [older women, Aboriginal, Social crime, police, fear, elder abuse, law enforcement]Preventing Retail Crime 02/01/2002

    By Susan Geason and Paul R. Wilson

    Retail crime includes shoplifting, employee theft, fraud, robbery and violence to staff. Costs include loss of profitability, low staff morale, loss of work due to physical and psychological damage, and even loss of life. (excerpted from the Authors) [Shrinkage, Employee theft, Customer theft, Professional thieves, Robbery and violence]Crime Prevention: Theory and Practice 02/01/2002

    By Susan Geason and Paul R Wilson

    This is a small handbook written in everyday language which hopes to provide information that will help prevent crime. It is divided into three sections which deal with theories of crime prevention, planning a crime prevention program, and examples of strategies for crime prevention from Australia a [Crime, Crime Prevention, Theories]Preventing Crime on Transport 02/01/2002

    By Patricia Weiser Easteal and Paul R. Wilson

    Specific forms of crime occurring on trains, trams and underground transport systems, buses and bus shelters, taxis, in airports and on aircraft are explored. Successful techniques employed as crime prevention measures in Australia and overseas are described. Situational crime prevention strategies, [Acknowledgements, Introduction, Trains, Trams, Underground systems, Buses, Bus shelters, Taxi’s]Australian crime: facts and figures 2001 01/01/2002

    By Australian Institute of Criminology

    The most up to date information available on crime throughout Australia is provided in this booklet. It presents statistics on recorded crimes, 2000; their place of occurrence; selected crime profiles for 2000, including victim details; age and gender data for alleged offenders and specific offences [crime, statistics]Australian crime: facts and figures 2002 01/01/2003

    By Australian Institute of Criminology

    The most up to date information available on crime throughout Australia is presented in this booklet. It presents statistics on recorded crimes, 1995 to 2001; their place of occurrence; selected crime profiles for 2001, including victim details; age and gender data for alleged offenders and specific [crime, statistics]Seminar Proceedings — Family Conferencing and Juvenile Justice: the Way Forward or Misplaced Optimism? 02/01/2002

    By

    The contributors to this work share a concern about the possible effects of the criminal justice system on juvenile offenders. However, they have different views as to how justice should be administered. They question whether it is possible to punish without stigmatisation and whether the prevention [Contents, Abstracts]Alcohol Use and its Effects Upon Aboriginal Women 02/01/2002

    By Maggie Brady

    Social scientists, particularly anthropologists, have been taken to task for deflating and de-emphasising the problematic outcomes associated with alcohol use (Room 1984). Many researchers, reacting perhaps to the sometimes moralising stance taken by welfare-oriented approaches, have focused on the [substance abuse, social relationships, Anthropologists, Aboriginal women, non-users ]Alcohol Legislation – The Industry’s View 02/01/2002

    By Gordon Broderick

    In our view for far too long there has been an antagonistic attitude between some sectors of those involved in the areas of alcohol abuse control and the segments that we represent, namely the manufacturers and sellers of alcohol. (excerpted from the Author) [substance abuse, manufacturers, sellers, Under-age Drinking, NSW]Alcohol, the Law and Police Discretion 02/01/2002

    By Thomas Clews

    The intention of this paper is to describe briefly some of the effects associated with alcohol, the results upon policing in the community and to warn of a developing trend, the outcome of which may prove to be most undesirable in the long term. (excerpted from the Author) [Police Discretion, social misconduct, health services, law enforcement]Restricted Areas and Aboriginal Drinking 02/01/2002

    By Peter d’Abbs

    It is hoped that this paper has demonstrated that, under the label ‘restricted areas’ are to be found a variety of alcohol control measures which have very distinctive implications for Aboriginal people and communities. (excerpted from the Author) [dry area, alcohol consumption, Aboriginal people]Coference Overview: The Issues and the National Alcohol Policy 02/01/2002

    By Geoff Elvy

    One way ahead in addressing this major health problem, must surely be through a more collaborative approach between government, health advocates and the liquor industry. Such approaches should result in programs and activities able to target the current unacceptable level of criminal behaviour assoc [Key Issues, Drink driving, Policing problems, Legislative issues, draft policy ]At Court: The Alcohol Factor 02/01/2002

    By Jeff Giddings and Fitzroy Legal Service

    This paper, however, will focus more on people facing police prosecutions as a result of alcohol use. (excerpted from the Author) [Files, Cases, driving offences, medical reports ]Helping those Imprisoned for Alcohol Related Crimes 02/01/2002

    By Susan Hayes and John Carmody

    The fact that alcohol abuse amongst intellectually disabled people is recognised as a grave management problem by case workers, but has received no research attention, can probably be attributed to the lay perception of intellectually disabled adults as ‘eternal children’. (excerpted from the Author [Special Needs, Special Groups, addiction]Crime on the Roads: Drinking and Driving 02/01/2002

    By Ross Homel

    The purpose of this paper is to present a brief overview of the deterrence of drinking drivers using random breath testing (RBT), with recent developments in all Australian states being described briefly. [breath test, Random Stopping, Tasmania, RBT]Prisoners’ Experience with Alcohol 02/01/2002

    By David Indermaur

    The need for comprehensive information on the substance abuse patterns of people coming to prison has been discussed by a number of sources (for example, Krefft & Britain 1983 in the United States; Mott 1986, in the United Kingdom; Northcott et al. 1986 in Western Australia). In Western Australia a [Methodology, Procedure, Medical assessment, Results ]Positive Programs for Convicted Offenders 02/01/2002

    By Bob Johnstone

    In April 1987, the Western Australian Probation and Parole Service and the Western Australian Prisons Department amalgamated and created the new Department of Corrective Services. Prior to the amalgamation, the community based Probation and Parole Service and the institution based Prisons Department [Department of Corrective Services, Strategic Plan, Programs ]Drinkers and their Driving: Compliance with Drink-Driving Legislation in Four Australian States 02/01/2002

    By Wendy Loxley

    This paper was to discuss drivers and their drinking, using data from a recent national study which investigated the behaviour, experiences, and attitudes towards drink-driving of Australian drivers. The reversal of the title is not merely a frivolous gesture, but reflects the author’s conviction th [Study, Method, Results ]Domestic Violence: Alcohol and Other Distractions: A Grassroots Perspective 02/01/2002

    By Heather McGregor

    This paper shall argue that domestic violence is a crime and must be responded to as a crime if social change is to occur; that domestic violence is not caused by alcohol; and finally, that the popular social construction of violence being caused by, or associated with, alcohol is a dangerous constr [Feminist researchers, criminal status, victims, domestic violence, Violence Against Women]Alcohol Education Program 02/01/2002

    By Nick Papandreou

    Program improvement is an ongoing process. The Department’s Substance Abuse Team is currently reviewing the program to develop screening procedures for participants, and to incorporate assessment and referral procedures within the program. (excerpted from the Author) [substance abuse, The Program, participants]The Young, Delinquency, Drink and Driving 02/01/2002

    By Mary Sheehan and J. Nucifora

    This paper presents some information obtained during the development of the P.A.S.S. (Plan a Safe Strategy) drink driving program. This is a school-based education program for Year 10 students which is designed to prevent the onset of drink driving by young adults. (excerpted from the Author) [P.A.S.S., educationed intervention, drink driving interventions ]Tackling Excessive Drinking or Excessive Supply 02/01/2002

    By Andrea Shoebridge

    This paper argues that the liquor industry should be self-managing, reinforced by stringent penalties (Ireland 1988), so that only a few licensees might risk offending and abuse the trust given them by the community by virtue of their having achieved a liquor licence. It was found in the USA that wh [alcoholics, drinking behaviour, social drinker, problem drinker ]Effectiveness of Legislative and Fiscal Restrictions in Reducing Alcohol Related Crime and Traffic Accidents 02/01/2002

    By Ian Smith

    Alcohol education programs can impart knowledge, change attitudes, but have little or no effect directly on alcohol consumption. By contrast, social policy changes can reduce consumption, and hence alcohol related crime and traffic accidents. (excerpted from the Author) [alcohol consumption, traffic safety, BALs]Changing Drinking and Driving Patterns: A Case History 02/01/2002

    By David South

    The situation in Victoria is not as encouraging for those wanting to examine the effect of any one drink driving countermeasure, however. So many countermeasures have been in operation over the period when alcohol involvement in accidents dropped, that it is very difficult to separate their effects. [alcohol, road accidents, drinking behaviour, driving behaviour, Direct Mechanism]Alcohol, Violent Crime and Social Power 02/01/2002

    By Steve Ireland

    Policy, Planning and Evaluation Branch New South Wales Police, Sydney, New South Wales Attitudes to alcohol use in Australia, are to say the least, ambivalent. These attitudes are not of recent origin, they owe their existence, at least in part, to our colonial beginnings. (excerpted from the Author [substance abuse, Rum Corps, Rum Hospital, consumption, licensed premises ]Decriminalisation of Drunkenness 02/01/2002

    By Jonathan Tuncks

    There are two South Australian initiatives for dealing with public drunkenness. These are the Public Intoxication Act 1984 and the so called ‘Dry Areas’ which are proclaimed by Regulation under the Liquor Licensing Act 1985. This paper will address each of those topics in turn, commencing with the P [Public Intoxication Act, South Australia, Treatment, interdepartmental committee, SUC]Sources of Confusion in the Alcohol and Crime Debate 02/01/2002

    By Don Weatherburn

    This paper is not intended to add any new research findings to the morass of results already available. Instead it will try to clear away some of the conceptual debris surrounding those results by discussing some common sources of confusion in the debate. (excerpted from the Author) [policy debate, violent crime, aggressive behaviour]Alcohol and Crime: Opening Address 02/01/2002

    By David Malcolm

    An Opening Address by David Malcolm about Alcohol and Crime in Western Australia. [substance abuse, Western Australia, Criminal Responsibility, Intention]International Aspects of Investigating Complex Commercial Frauds 02/01/2002

    By Bruce Bannerman

    This paper will briefly describe the legislative and treaty mechanism by which such international assistance in criminal matters is becoming available and will then discuss some of the practicalities in making requests to other countries for such assistance. The paper will conclude with references t [Legislative Package, Mutual Assistance, Foreign Countries, Commonwealth]Penalties for White-Collar Crime 02/01/2002

    By John Braithwaite

    This paper will comment on some general things about the state of penalties not just for fraud in particular, but for white-collar crime in general. (excerpted from the Author) [penalties, corporate crime, Australia]The Responsibility of Lawyers for the Prevention, Detection and Rectification of Client Fraud 02/01/2002

    By John Dowd

    The lawyer trained in an atmosphere of strict ethical constraints and supervised by professional colleagues, does not easily adjust to consumer and executive government pressures to make the lawyer and accountant criminally and tortiously responsible for the actions of the client he advises. (excerp [Legislators, corporate fraud, consumer perceptions, public perceptions, public policy ]Prosecuting Complex Commercial Fraud 02/01/2002

    By Paul Evans

    The Office of the Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP) was set up partly as the result of fraud on the Australian Taxation Office. The Queensland regional office of the DPP was opened late in 1984 and since then it has prosecuted many types of fraud on Commonwealth Government departmen [DPP, Current Trends, Obfuscation, Future Directions ]Fraud and the Liability of Company Directors 02/01/2002

    By Brent Fisse

    This paper reviews three significant developments concerning directors’ liability for fraud-related conduct. (excerpted from the Author) [Dishonesty, Basic Offence, Aggravated Offence, Corporate Officers, Money-Laundering Offences]Confiscating the Proceeds of White-Collar Crime 02/01/2002

    By Arie Freiberg

    This paper will briefly explain the nature of the confiscation legislation, explore its application to white-collar offences and examine some of the problems which may occur through its use in the commercial context. (excerpted from the Author) [Terminology, Confiscation Legislation, Purposes, Justifications, Relevant Persons]Professional Advisers and White-Collar Illegality: Towards Explaining and Excusing Professional Failure 08/01/1991

    By Peter Grabosky

    Professional advisers play a pivotal role in the prevention and control of white-collar illegality. They are in a position to exert a significant influence upon the moral climate within which their clients operate (Tomasic and Pentony 1990, p. 2). (excerpted from the Author) [Professional Failure, Competitive pressures, Inter-organisational, Normative ambiguity ]Media Coverage of Complex Commercial Fraud 02/01/2002

    By Anne Lampe

    According to various definitions, fraud is a form of deceitfulness involving theft of money, criminal deception, the use of false representations, dishonest artifice or trick to benefit thieving. It involves one or more parties taking money from others without their knowledge. (excerpted from the [Complex fraud, NSW]The National Crime Authority and the Investigation of Fraud 02/01/2002

    By Gary Livermore

    It is matters such as these, which are complex, cross jurisdictional boundaries and which require the special powers of the Authority, that the Authority is determined to identify. In such matters the Authority will assemble investigative teams and task forces with the resources and expertise requir [NCA, Special Investigations, References, Multi-Disciplinary, Information Management]The Australian Securities Commission and the Prevention of Fraud 02/01/2002

    By Stephen Menzies

    The purpose of this paper is to outline those policies and to permit an informed public debate. It is only through that debate that fraud can be effectively combated by the ASC. (excerpted from the Author) [special investigator, ASC, Serious Offences, Preservation, Recovery, Prosecutions]Issues in the Defence of Charges Relating to Fraud 02/01/2002

    By Michael Rozenes

    It is clear that the investigation and ultimate prosecution of complex fraud is both a necessary and an expensive operation. The corollary, however, is that the defence of such charges is equally necessary and expensive and our system must recognise that if the presumption of innocence is to be acco [Cost, NCA, ASC, ICAC, Arrest, Interview, Bail, Representation, Preparation, Discovery]Auditors and the Reporting of Illegality and Financial Fraud 02/01/2002

    By Roman Tomasic

    Auditors’ responsibilities have become the subject of renewed Australian and international interest in the light of the spate of the corporate collapses of recent years. Whilst this has continued to be the subject of debate over the last decade or more, the clarification of the rules in this area ha [Bank of England, The House Of Lords, SEC, AICPA, AWA]The Investigation of Fraud 02/01/2002

    By Leigh Warnick

    The difference between success and failure in a fraud investigation is good management. A fraud investigation project has to be planned and managed, just like a mining project or a construction project or any other kind of project. (excerpted from the Author) [military campaign, fraud investigation, Bond Group, Independent Resources, ASC]Complex Commercial Fraud Conference Keynote Address 02/01/2002

    By Dean Wells, Attorney-General

    A speech conducted by the Attorney-General, the Honorable Dean Wells about Fraud. [commercial fraud, business leaders, political leaders, criminal activity]Responding to Fraud in the 1990s 02/01/2002

    By Kevin Zervos

    In this paper particular emphasis is placed on serious fraud, which is generally masterminded by highly intelligent and clever offenders. Such criminal behaviour is generally difficult to detect, costly to investigate, and requires great skill to prosecute. (excerpted from the Author) [social problem, Obstacles, Uniformity, CTRA, Education, Detection, Investigation, Prosecution]The State of Crime in Indonesia: A Preliminary Overview 06/01/2002

    By Mardjono Reksodiputro

    An article about the state of crime in Indonesia. Topics include offenses against the criminal code, violent crime, urban crime, crimes against the economic welfare of society. [Law enforcement]Crime Defence Strategy: An Indirect Approach in West Java 06/01/2002

    By Soedjono Dirdjosisoro

    An article discussing the high crime rate in West Java, the reasons why the crime rate is high in comparison to neighboring provinces, and what needs to be done to deal with the high crime rate. [Law enforcement]Urban Design 02/01/2002

    By Wendy Bell

    This paper provides an outline of the background to, and results of, a study prepared for the Crime Prevention and Criminology Unit of the South Australian Attorney General’s Department to investigate the role of urban design and crime prevention in the Adelaide inner-city. (excerpted from [ICCAG, Crime Prevention, Objectives, Methodology, Analysis, Recommendations, ]Crime Prevention: The Universal Challenge 02/01/2002

    By Gilbert Bonnemaison

    The urban ghettos, which these housing estates in big cities have become, can be seen as ’dumping grounds’ where a whole gamut of social problems -particularly high levels of youth unemployment -are concentrated. (excerpted from the Author) [economic transformation, citizenship, urban ghettos, environment, culture, education, social standing]Prevention or Displacement? 02/01/2002

    By Dennis Challinger

    The displacement, rather than prevention, of crime has been described as a frustrating unintended effect of crime control (Barr & Pease 1990) and cannot be ignored by crime prevention proponents. To do so is to play into the hands of those who believe the best that can be done in tackling crime is [crime control, crime prevention initiatives, Temporal Displacement, Spatial Displacement, Tactical Displacement, Target Displacement, Functional Displ]Serendipitous Crime Prevention: Success in the Private Sector 02/01/2002

    By Dennis Challinger

    It has been shown that the major relevant factor was the new, concentrated, professional approach to public payphone management that was adopted by Telecom Australia in creating the Payphones Division. This move unequivocally established the ’owner’ of the crime problem. (excerpted fr [Telecom Australia, Public Payphones, Vandalism, Incidental damage, Surveillance, Public Activity]Police Deputies Club 02/01/2002

    By Colin W. Cornish

    Without the support and work of local police officers and school staff the Police Deputies Club cannot succeed but, with the appropriate encouragement, the potential to achieve the stated objectives is high. If the juvenile crime figures reduce in six to ten years within South Australia, perhaps [crime prevention agencies, History, Objectives, older children, younger children]Overview of Crime Prevention in Queensland 02/01/2002

    By Carol Dalglish

    Crime and crime control are very complex issues and relate not just to the police and the criminal justice system but to the way society operates as a whole. Reported crimes in Australia have risen by over 60 per cent, from 845,923 in 1980/81 to 1.41 million in 1988/89 (Mukherjee & Dagger 1990). [Fitzgerald Inquiry, Queensland Police Service, Corporate Plan, Initiatives, Regional strategy, Aboriginal Community, law enforcement]HomeAssist: A New Approach to House Security 02/01/2002

    By Bev Doherty

    Quite simply, HomeAssist is about two things. It is about securing homes adequately so they are less likely to be broken into, and it is about getting the right information out to elderly peopleinformation that will bring about some small but important changes to the way they go about their daily l [Crime, elderly, DETAFE, Adelaide, Social Support Service, Staffing, South Australian Police, Training, Observations, law enforcement]The Good Neighbourhood Program in Victoria 02/01/2002

    By Inez Dussuyer

    In conclusion, it should be noted that the MPES has been developing in conjunction with Victoria Police an integrated anti-crime strategy (VICSAFE). The GNP forms an integral part of this new strategy-the objectives of which mesh with those of the GNP. (excerpted from the Author) [Origins, GNP, Management, Funding, Issues, Future Directions, MPES]Opportunity and Desire: Making Prevention Relevant to the Criminal and Social Environment 06/01/1991

    By Kayleen M. Hazelhurst

    This paper compares three different styles of crime control that have prevailed in the police departments of Los Angeles, Minneapolis and Houston. (excerpted from this article) [police, crime prevention, opportunity-situational, Social Base, Community Ownership, law enforcement]Towards a National Approach to Crime Prevention 02/01/2002

    By Michael Hogan

    Accordingly, this paper endeavours to address some of the structural and policy issues which might facilitate the development of a national approach to crime prevention in Australia, and to canvass some options for initiatives at a national level. (excerpted from the Author) [federal government, state government, local government, New Federalism, Social Justice, National Strategies]Crime Prevention and Local Government in New South Wales 02/01/2002

    By Russell Hogg

    This paper provides a descriptive overview of a pilot project on local crime prevention undertaken by two local councils in metropolitan Sydney. (excerpted from the Author) [local councils, Neighbourhood Watch, General Objectives, Specific Objectives, Data, local crime]Crime Prevention: A Challenge for Police 02/01/2002

    By David A. Hunt

    Crime in South Australia is at no greater level than elsewhere in Australia and is still significantly behind many other western countries. However, South Australian crime rates continue to increase. (excerpted from the Author) [law and order, Operation Keeper, Operation Paradox, Operation Noah, child abuse, Community Policing]A Youth Crime Prevention Program: Blue Light Youth Camps 02/01/2002

    By Robert May

    To develop a youth community-based crime prevention program, effective relationships between youth community members and providers is essential. Moreover, emphasising the positive potential for growth, learning and development and taking a stronger crime prevention educational approach with the y [Adelaide, Camp program, Objectives, Aims, Aboriginal, inter-agency]An Overview of Crime Prevention in Victoria 02/01/2002

    By Elizabeth McMillan

    This overview can only present a broad-brush approach of the main features of the Victorian crime prevention ’landscape’. When overviewing the crime prevention initiatives in Victoria, questions are continually faced about the roots and origins of crime which may shape what is thought [Ministry of Police, Safety, Security and Women Project, reference groups, Safety audits, IDC, law enforcement]Crime Prevention: a South Australian Perspective 02/01/2002

    By Sue Millbank

    A report by Sue Millbank for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Crime Prevention from the South Australian perspective. [government agencies, CPS, local community, Coalition Against Crime, education, communication, media]New South Wales: Crime Prevention Directions for the Future 02/01/2002

    By Christine Nixon

    By using information available on what contributes to crime, it is possible to alter and remove the underlying fundamental causes of crime. Bringing about changes to the environment, systems and structures impacting on people’s behaviour will thus hopefully reduce the possibility of crime o [Crime Prevention Initiatives, Deterrence Policies, United Kingdom, France, Future Direction, People]Noarlunga Together Against Crime 02/01/2002

    By Rob Noble and Graham Prior

    Noarlunga Together Against Crime was formed in response to the state government’s Together Against Crime program. When the Minister for Crime Prevention, The Honourable Chris Sumner, released details of the program in August 1989, a number of people in the south of the state expressed inter [Background, Philosophy, Methodology, Priorities, Suggested Strategies, Ongoing Structure, Future Steps]Developments in Crime Prevention in New Zealand: An Overview 02/01/2002

    By David Oughton

    If the definition of crime prevention embraces what is now thought of in the literature as ’social crime prevention’ (Graham 1990) it could be argued that policy makers were more concerned with preventing crime than with promoting social cohesion, organisation, and integration. While [structural problems, foreign policy, local government, political realities, tangata whenua]Adelaide Central Business District Crime Prevention Plan 02/01/2002

    By Andrew Paterson

    The Adelaide Inner City Cooperative Action Group (ICCAG) has achieved some of its original objectives, but still has a significant task in terms of coordination and the implementation of the specialist urban environment study by Wendy Bell and Associates. It is hoped that the energy and commitmen [assaults, young people, youth workers, police officers, inner city, Aboriginal youths, Urban Environment, law enforcement]The Youth and the Law Project: Community Crime Prevention Through Youth 02/01/2002

    By Loren Polzot

    YALP processes rely heavily on the participation and dynamics of the youth and this is generally considered to be a high risk approach. Perhaps the question of the value of the youth participation is really the issue that both makes and breaks YALP in many people’s eyes. (excerpted from the [YALP, non-profit, youth project groups]Queensland Police Service Women’s Safety Project 02/01/2002

    By Lisa Rosier

    In October 1990 the Queensland Police Service began the Women’s Safety project with a project officer and now Manager, Acting Senior Sergeant Peter Pyke. In December 1990, Acting Sergeant Lisa Rosier joined the project and a ’team’ approach to women’s safety developed. (exc [violence, social issues, crime prevention, Objectives, Strategies, HomeSafe]Problems and Pitfalls in Crime Prevention 02/01/2002

    By Rick Sarre

    This paper is designed to alert those engaged in crime prevention policy-making, planning, implementation and evaluation, that traps and pitfalls exist for the hasty and the unwary. It will, furthermore, suggest strategies that may be employed to avoid them. (excerpted from the Author) [preventative approach, law and order, criminological thought, criminals]School Watch 02/01/2002

    By Helena Sobulis

    The aims and format of School Watch closely resemble those of Neighbourhood Watch-which is considered to be the most successful crime prevention program ever undertaken in South Australia. (excerpted from the AUthor) [Crime Prevention, Criminology Unit, Education Department]Crime Prevention in Transition: An Australian Perspective 02/01/2002

    By Chris Sumner

    One of the underlying themes of this conference is ’crime prevention at the cross-roads’ and the point made in the keynote address-that most western societies, including Australia, have reached a turning point in ways we must deal with crime-is to be strongly endorsed. (excerpted from [keynote address, Australia, heavier sentences, USA, crime, Neighbourhood Watch]New South Wales Police Service Crime Prevention Program on Anti-Gay/Lesbian Violence 02/01/2002

    By Sue Thompson

    For sixteen months the New South Wales Police Service has been involved in developing a multifocussed program aimed at lessening and preventing the increasing number of prejudice motivated crimes committed against gay and lesbian members of the community. The program is based on looking at the pro [prejudice, homosexual lifestyles, Program]Safety, Security and Women: An Initiative of the Victorian Ministry of Police and Emergency Services and Victoria Police 02/01/2002

    By Pat Thurgood and Ralph Stavely

    A report by Pat Thurgood and Ralph Stavely about An Initiative of the Victorian Ministry of Police and Emergency Services and Victoria Police and their efforts to keep women safe. [Data, domestic violence, Action, assault, Safety programs, violence against women]Networking Crime Prevention 02/01/2002

    By Viktor Urjadko and Graham Setchell

    There are many resources for crime prevention in the community. It is a matter of effectively networking them to get results. (excerpted from the Authors) [Function specific, education,police, corrections,Network communication, law enforcement]Change the Environment and You Change the People 02/01/2002

    By Chris Warrior

    A report by Chris Warrior about the Aboriginals attempt to conform to an environment that is nolonger under their control. [non-Aboriginal, code of behavior, PLAO]Mapping Crime in South Australia 02/01/2002

    By Leanne Weber

    Prior to 1991, the South Australia Police Department purchased a copy of the CDATA system from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). For the first time, the South Australia Police Department had the latest available census information at their fingertips, thanks to the enormous storage capac [CDATA, SUPERMAP, CMS, CENSUS MAPS, Structure, System Outputs]Problem-Oriented Policing: A Team Approach 02/01/2002

    By Jennifer West

    This paper will show how the idea of using a problem-oriented approach to policing (POP) was developed, and will then discuss the trial of problem-oriented policing. Finally, a brief overview of the techniques used to evaluate the trial and how problem-oriented policing works in practice will be gi [behavioural problems, social problems, Problem-Oriented, Trial objectives, ]Women in the Legal Profession: Theory and Research 02/01/2002

    By Dr Sharyn Roach Anleu

    A report by Dr Sharyn Roach Anleu about Women in the Legal profession and the treatment of female lawyers in regards duties and tasks within a law firm, as opposed to tasks that would enable them to prove their worth. [law school, Australian Commonwealth, women graduates, demographic change]Penal Policies: The Hidden Contracts 02/01/2002

    By Dr Ann Aungles

    A report by Dr Ann Aungles for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Penal Policies in relation to families of those serving time. [hidden contract, welfare state, Conjugal Visiting, Home and Prison]Rape Prosecutions in Victoria 02/01/2002

    By Dr David Brereton

    The study of rape trials was equally important for what it did not show. Specifically, it established that very few prosecutions failed because the accused was successfully able to argue a mistaken ‘belief in consent’. The study also showed that the right of accused persons to give unsworn eviden [data, Rape Team, criminal justice system, Definitions, prosecution process, Policy issues, Violence Against Women]Lunar Landscapes: The Dark Side of Sexual Assault and the Law 02/01/2002

    By Lea Corbett and Wendy Larcombe

    A report by Lea Corbett and Wendy Larcombe for the Australian Institute of Criminology about rape and the law; the Victorian criminal justice systems response to sexual assault. [Real Rape Law Coalition, legal system, consent, Gendered harm, Violence Against Women]Feminisation of the Magistrate’s courts: The Influence of gender? 02/01/2002

    By Roger Douglas and Kathy Laster

    THE 1980S HAVE SEEN A SERIES OF MAJOR REFORMS TO THE VICTORIAN Magistrate’s Courts, the courts responsible for processing the vast majority of the state’s criminal and civil cases. The reforms have massively expanded the jurisdiction of the courts (while simultaneously shunting off minor cases fo [civil service, legal profession, male/female differences, sexual discrimination, feminist issues]Battered Women Who Kill: A Plea of Self-Defence 02/01/2002

    By Dr Patricia Easteal

    This paper will answer those questions and raise what is, to the author, a more important question: why hasn’t woman battering syndrome achieved a similar degree of legitimacy and acceptance in the Australian courts as we find exists in the United States? (excerpted from the Article) [woman battering syndrome, Australian courts, Self-defence, BWS, The Immediacy Issue, Violence Against Women]Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) in the Courtroom 02/01/2002

    By Dr Patricia Easteal

    A report by Dr Patricia Easteal about PMS and the incidence of violence in women in relation to PMS. [violent woman, menstrual taboos, pregnancy, post -partum, Medical Perspective]Prostitution in NSW: The Impact of Deregulation 02/01/2002

    By Dr Sandra Egger and Christine Harcourt

    A report by Dr Sandra Egger and Christine Harcourt about Prostitution in the New South Wales and the impact of deregulation. [Brothel, common law, decriminalisation, deregulation, NSW, Sex Workers, Escorts, Sexual Health]The Big Prison 02/01/2002

    By Amanda George

    IN A DISCUSSION OF PRISONS, WOMEN ARE USUALLY ABSENT. WOMEN’S ABSENCE from the study of crime and prisons occurs because of the narrow view taken of what is crime and what are prisons and, because, as in all other aspects of society, women are marginal and unimportant. (excerpted from the Author) [Australian institutional prisons, maximum security prison, women prisoners, women offenders]Invisible Lives: Women, Dependence and the Law 02/01/2002

    By Dr Suzanne Hatty

    THIS PAPER WILL EXPLORE THE CONCEPT OF DEPENDENCE AS IT IS DEFINED and articulated within the law, and in crimes committed against women and by women. In examining the concept of dependence, legal categorisation of women’s experiences, the policing of male violence, and women’s involvement in dr [Gender Contract, male violence, drug-related crime, Guarantee of Protection, violence against women]Human Rights: Another Look at Abortion 02/01/2002

    By Beryl Holmes

    Human rights and the debate on Abortion, from another point of view. [epidemic, unnecessary deaths, Church, Medical Profession ]Children of Prisoners and their Outside Carers: The Invisible Population 02/01/2002

    By Gloria Larman and Dr Ann Aungles

    An article by Gloria Larman and Dr Ann Aungles for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Children of Prisoners. [neglect, shadow punishment, prison systems, FACSA, COPSG]Women and Economic Status 02/01/2002

    By Steven Mark

    This paper presents practical analyses of indirect discrimination and its application for women in the nineties, with particular reference to bridging the gap between work and home, and bringing the guns of anti-discrimination law more directly to bear on the pay differentials between male and fe [marital status discrimination, Pregnancy Discrimination, Indirect Discrimination]All’s Fair in Love and War: Policing Women 02/01/2002

    By Jude McCulloch

    THIS PAPER WILL EXAMINE THE NOTION OF POLICING, PROTECTION AND control. It will argue that increasing law enforcement equals increasing control of minority or disadvantaged groups, including women, along with the protection of existing privilege. (excerpted from the Author) [Law Enforcement, Police Associations, Law and order, Crime statistics, Criminal assault]Women, Social Security and Criminal Justice 02/01/2002

    By Fiona McDonald

    The two particular pieces of legislation to be discussed in this paper are the changes to the sole parent’s pension to redefine ‘married person’ and ‘defacto spouse’ and the changes to the unemployment benefit. (excerpted from the Author) [Australia, poverty, victims, Defacto Spouse, Tribunals, courts, Unemployment Benefit]Sentencing Female Offenders in the Magistrates’ Court: Preliminary Report on a Pilot Study 02/01/2002

    By Bronwyn Naylor

    It is now well recognised that personal values affect decision making in the judicial process. It is therefore highly likely that perceptions regarding gender, and genderappropriate behaviour and treatment, are influential in sentencing offenders. The literature reviewed suggests that where the offe [co-accused, co-offender, crime, children, ALRC, other studies]The History of Women in the Police Service 02/01/2002

    By Christine Nixon

    THE NATURE OF THE WORKFORCE IS CHANGING AS SOCIAL AND demographic changes take place in the Australian population. Increasing numbers of women want to work and, with fewer young entrants to the labour market, they will become a valuable sought after resource, recognised for their skills and abili [New South Wales, Australian Police Services, United States, law enforcement]Aboriginal Women and the Law 02/01/2002

    By Sharon Payne

    It may be said that the issues facing Aboriginal women and the criminal justice system are a double indemnity; a reflection of the wider issues of dispossession, alienation, poverty, and discrimination which feature customarily in the everyday life of Aboriginal people, as well as the socio-econo [Aboriginal society, family laws, values, psychological researchers, socio-economic, violence against women]Street Prostitution and its Manipulation by Law in New South Wales 02/01/2002

    By Roberta Perkins

    This paper examines the situation of street prostitute women and the laws which have been used against them from both an historical as well as a current research perspective, and argues that these particular women have attracted more attention from the law and law-enforcers than other prostitutes [public soliciting, women, economic, social and political skills, Colonial Times, NSW]Homicide: Women as Offenders 02/01/2002

    By Dr Kenneth Polk

    THE PURPOSE OF THIS PAPER IS TO EXAMINE WOMEN AS OFFENDERS IN THE act of homicide. One should start such a discussion with an acknowledgment of the relative rarity of such events. Overwhelmingly, homicide is a masculine phenomenon, in terms of numbers of persons as offenders or as victims, or pe [homicide victims, male, Data, Cases, Court Response]Migrant Women and the Law: Barriers to Access and Equity 02/01/2002

    By Bronwyn Scheelbeek

    Migrant women are entitled to the full protection of law and to be treated fairly, equally, and without discrimination. All organisations, public and private, have an obligation to identify and address the obstacles to access and equal participation that confront them. (excerpted from the Author) [anti-discrimination legislation, racial discrimination, sexual discrimination, harassment, Human Rights, Legal Protection, complaints, racial violence]The Incredible Woman: A Recurring Character in Criminal Law 02/01/2002

    By Dr Jocelynne Scutt

    A report by Dr Jocelynne Scutt about the role of The Incredible Woman, A Recurring Character in Criminal Law, especially in laws related to rape. [Sexual assault, quasi-criminal, sentencing, Violence Against Women]Gun Control and Homicide: The Shooters’ Perspective 02/01/2002

    By Philip G. Brown O.A.M.

    A report by Philip G. Brown for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Gun Control and Homicide from the Shooters perspective. [firearm owner, self-defence, crime rate]Welcome Address of ‘Homicide: Patterns, Prevention and Control’ Conference 02/01/2002

    By Professor Duncan Chappell

    A welcome address by Professor Duncan Chappell at the ‘Homicide: Patterns, Prevention and Control’ Conference. [mass-shootings, Street massacres, incidents, violent behaviour, NCV, Aboriginal ]Aboriginal Homicide: Customary Law Defences or Customary Lawyers’ Defences? 02/01/2002

    By Geoffrey M. Eames QC

    A report by Geoffrey M. Eames for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Aboriginal Homicide. [Aboriginal person, deceased person, ALS, cases, sentencing]Homicide Between Sexual Intimates in Australia: A Preliminary Report 02/01/2002

    By Dr Patricia Easteal

    The following paper represents the preliminary findings of a major research project conducted to provide more information about homicide between adult sexual intimates in Australia. (excerpted from the Author) [domestic violence, police enforcement, killings, Gender, Age and Ethnicity, Occupation, victims, outcome, Violence Against Women, law enforcement]Firearms Law Reform: the Limitations of the National Approach 02/01/2002

    By Dr Sandra Egger and Rebecca Peters

    The gun debate in Australia quite properly revolves around several issues: whetherthere is evidence of a relationship between gun availability and gun deaths, what kinds of legal controls will reduce the pool of weapons in the community and prevent access to people likely to misuse firearms, and whe [gun homicides, Australia, suicides, offenders, Issues, National Uniform Laws]Current Legal Issues in Forensic Psychiatry 02/01/2002

    By Ian Freckelton

    This paper will concentrate upon the uncomfortable position occupied by forensic psychiatry in the anterooms of the courts and in the courts themselves as a result of the contemporary problems faced by psychiatrists who find themselves involved in the legal process. (excerpted from the Author) [prosecution, defence charges, homicide charges, mental health professionals, Australasian, Training, ]Homicide: The Northern Territory Perspective 02/01/2002

    By William L. Goedegebuure

    It is the case that the Northern Territory continues to experience a far higher crime rate than other jurisdictions. This is particularly so in relation to crimes of violence,especially murders. (excerpted from the Author) [Aboriginal peoples, Torres Strait Islander peoples, Crime Rates, Victims, Suspects, Weapons]Homicide: Patterns, Prevention and Control 02/01/2002

    By Peter Halloran, Mike Hagan, Jim Litster, Kerryn Nicks

    A series of articles on homicide in Australia [police, homicide, murder, law enforcement]Homicide and Intellectually Disabled Offenders 02/01/2002

    By Susan Hayes

    THE ISSUES WHICH PERTAIN GENERALLY TO PERSONS ACCUSED OF MURDER but who may be suffering from a mental abnormality also pertain to the intellectually disabled accused. These issues include whether or not the person is entitled to a defence of insanity, or the defence of diminished responsibility [mental abnormality, insanity, psychiatric abnormality, Prevention, Control, Predicting ]Hot Spots for Violence: the Environment of Pubs and Clubs 02/01/2002

    By Professor Ross Homel and Dr Steve Tomsen

    Violent incidents in public drinking locations do not occur simply because of the presence of young or rough patrons or because of rock bands, or any other single variable. Violent occasions are characterised by subtle interactions of several variables. Chief among these are groups of male strangers [lone gunman, violent country, lawless country, criminological research, random attacks, drinking]Killed by a Stranger in Victoria, January 1990-April 1992: Location, Victims’ Age and Risk 02/01/2002

    By Dr Andros Kapardis

    A report from Dr. Andros Kapardis for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Murders committed in Victoria by strangers, that are still unsolved. [Homicide, violent offence, deaths, traffic accidents, suicide, Incidence, Research, location, age]Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Homicide: ‘Same but Different’ 02/01/2002

    By David F. Martin

    THIS PAPER WILL ADDRESS THE QUESTIONS: ’IN WHAT WAY IS ABORIGINAL homicide different from that in mainstream society?’, ’What are our perceptions of its character?’, and ’What drives it?’. (excerpted from the Author) [homicide, statistics, crime patterns]Critical Factors in Firearms Control 02/01/2002

    By Errol Mason

    Most of the literature on firearms control in Australia has only concentrated on the negative social aspects of firearm ownership. The literature has failed to mention, let alone discuss, the positive social, environmental, economic and national defence aspects of firearm ownership. It is a mista [data collection, crime, suicides, firearm ownership, research, education, licensing]The Law Reform Commission of Victoria Homicide Prosecution Study: The Importance of Context 02/01/2002

    By Bronwyn Naylor

    In this paper, the author will discuss the two main contexts in which homicides occur: the domestic killing, and the killing arising out of a (nondomestic) argument. Two-thirds of female victims of homicide died in a domestic killing, and over two-thirds of women accused of a homicide killed in thi [domestic killing, women, males, non-domestic, victims, Violence Against Women]A Scenario of Masculine Violence: Confrontational Homicide 02/01/2002

    By Kenneth Polk

    THIS REPORT PRESENTS THE RESULTS OF A STUDY OF CONFRONTATIONAL homicide in Victoria. Confrontational homicide is a form of male-to-male homicide which centres most typically around some form of status contest between males. The lethal violence flows out of an initial argument, followed by a physical [violence, argument, homicide offenders, victims, alcohol, Data, Findings, ]Concluding Discussion of ‘Homicide: Patterns, Prevention and Control’ Conference 02/01/2002

    By Associate Professor Kenneth Polk, Professor Lawrence Sherman, Dr Sandra Egger, Dr Don Weatherburn and Deputy Commissioner Bill Goedegebuure

    The concluding discussion from a conference headlined by Associate Professor Kenneth Polk, about ‘Homicide: Patterns, Prevention and Control’. [violent behaviour, violent families, domestic violence, community resources, criminology, Violence Against Women]The Role of the Pathologist in Homicide Investigations and Coronial Inquiries 02/01/2002

    By Dr David Ranson

    The pathologist, in acting as an investigatory agent for the coroner, plays a far wider role than just the provider of an autopsy report. The pathologist’s involvement in both death scene examination, dead body examination, and aspects of forensic science means that they form part of an investiga [forensic pathology, clinical pathologists, crimes, coronial autopsy, Australia, Training, Legal]Preventing Homicide Through Trial and Error 02/01/2002

    By Lawrence W. Sherman

    This paper will begin by explaining and illustrating the range of trial and error methods, especially in light of recent experiments in domestic violence control. It will then suggest four key targets for homicide prevention, areas in which the payoff from successful learning could be very great in [police, domestic violence, homicide, crime prevention, domestic violence, Violence against women, law enforcement]Characteristics of Homicide in Australia 1990-91 02/01/2002

    By Heather Strang

    THE PURPOSE OF THIS PAPER IS TO DESCRIBE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF homicide incidents, victims and offenders in Australia at the present time, so as to provide a framework for the more detailed discussion of various aspects of homicide which will follow in the course of this conference. (excerpted from [homicide incidents, victims, offenders, Australia, police records, Death Statistics, law enforcement]Are There Too Many Murder Trials? 02/01/2002

    By John Willis

    It should be noted that, apart from the response of the Legal Aid Commission in 1991 to the low murder conviction rates found in the 1981–87 study, none of the reported concerns and criticisms about overcharging related specifically to murder prosecutions. Moreover, the criticism was generally [Data, Provocation, Self-Defence, trials]The Abolition of Mandatory Life Imprisonment for Murder: Some Jurisprudential Issues 02/01/2002

    By Dr David Wood

    THIS PAPER CONCERNS SOME JURISPRUDENTIAL ISSUES RAISED BY THE abolition of the mandatory life sentence for murder, a step undertaken in New South Wales in 1982— Crimes (Homicide) Amendment Act 1982, Crimes (Life Sentences) Amendment Act 1989— and Victoria in 1986— Crimes (Amendment [discretionary life sentence, Sentencing Principles, murders, Australia]Microphotometry and Microspectrophotometry 02/01/2002

    By Dermot Allen

    A report by Dermot Allen on Microphotometry and Microspectrophotometry for the Australian Institute of Criminology. [microscope, Fibres, Inks and paints, Fluorescence, Transmitted light]Information Technology: Where is it in the Coordination of Emergency Services? 02/01/2002

    By Peter S. Anderson

    There is no question that communication and information technologies play a critical role in the support of emergency operations. However, care must also be taken to ensure that the applications of CITs are not perceived merely as attempts to impose technical solutions on what are essentially hum [communication technologies, information technologies, major emergencies, major disasters]Drugs: The Role of the Australian Bureau of Criminal Intelligence and the Australian Criminal Intelligence Database 02/01/2002

    By Keith Askew

    THIS PAPER WILL OUTLINE THE ROLE AND FUNCTIONS OF THE AUSTRALIAN Bureau of Criminal Intelligence, introduce the Australian Criminal Intelligence Database and, by doing so, explain how these resources assist law enforcement in combating illicit drug activity within Australia. (excerpted from the A [drugs, criminal intelligence, Australia, Royal Commissions, law enforcement]The National Police Research Unit: Techsearch: 3M Audit Bag 02/01/2002

    By Des Berwick

    THIS PAPER WILL DISCUSS THE DEVELOPMENT OF A TAMPER-RESISTANT EXHIBIT bag and address the application of ’low end’ but still highly effective technology to overcome a perceived problem. The solution involved some plastic, some paper and some glue, plus a lot of lateral thinking. (exce [NPRU, Drug Exhibit Project, police officer, technology, Audit Bag, law enforcement]Asia Pacific Police Technology Conference Closing Address 02/01/2002

    By Des Berwick

    A closing address from Des Berwick at the Asia Pacific Police Technology Conference. This conference expressed views on technology in relation law enforcement. [Conference, technology issues, law enforcement, closing address]Security of Public Places: An Overview 02/01/2002

    By Graham Bourman

    THE EMPHASIS OF THIS PAPER WILL BE ON THE PROTECTIVE SECURITY OF assets and installations in which the federal or a state government has an interest. This accords with the broad charter of the Australian Protective Service (APS). (excerpted from the Author) [protective security, federal government, state government, law enforcement, public]Traffic Cameras: The Victorian Experience 02/01/2002

    By Michael G. Bourne

    THIS PAPER DISCUSSES THE DEVELOPMENT OF VICTORIA’S TRAFFIC CAMERA Enforcement Program which began with the introduction of red light cameras in 1982 followed by the first use of speed cameras in Australia in 1986. The new Traffic Infringement Management System (TIMS©) was the result of this [Traffic Camera Office, TIMS, Driver, traffic collisions]Computer Identification System (CIDS): History, Synopsis and Future Directions 02/01/2002

    By David Chadwick

    CIDS is a system—based on the Apple Macintosh range of personal computers— which is designed to allow police officers and victims or witnesses of crimes to construct a life-like image of a suspect’s face on screen and then to produce a printed or photographic likeness of that image. ( [Police, Computer Identification System (CIDS), victims, witnesses, database, law enforcement]An Introduction to Firearms Simulation Technology 02/01/2002

    By Eric Danielsen

    SIMULATION TECHNIQUES ALLOW A FICTIONAL YET REALISTIC SITUATION TO be created quickly, easily and economically. Simulation provides a controlled environment that draws its basis from, and interacts with, real life. It educates and trains the participant to think and react quickly and effectively [Simulation Technology, weapons, security personnel, militarypersonnel,Firearms]Law Enforcement and Technology 02/01/2002

    By Robert Hamdorf

    IN AN ENVIRONMENT IN WHICH CRIMINALS HAVE HUGE FINANCIAL backing to concentrate on often narrow fields of endeavour, law enforcement agencies around the world have increasingly become reliant upon sophisticated technology to aid them in the fight against crime. (excerpt from the Author) [law enforcement, technology, crime, offender, witness, computer]Non-Lethal Incapacitation 02/01/2002

    By Robert Hamdorf

    Apart from the adoption of a Situational Force Model approach to the application of force and a greater emphasis on the training in and use of tactical communications, there are no firm thoughts on which, if any, of the other non-lethal weapon options should be adopted by Australian law enforceme [non-lethal force, police administrations, deadly force, injury, death, Australia, law enforcement]Technology and the Private Security Industry 02/01/2002

    By John Hemsley

    SECURITY COMPANIES AROUND AUSTRALIA HAVE FOUND A NICHE AND provide private security services that the federal and state police forces cannot provide because of personnel levels, increased serious crime and to a lesser extent, the lower priority of private security services as far as the police are c [private security services, federal police, state police, crime, Technology, law enforcement]Video Recording of Evidence: the ”I CARE Project” 02/01/2002

    By John Heslop

    This paper refers to a victim, a child, giving evidence on closed circuit television which is then shown on a court television monitor in a courtroom. This paper will describe the I CARE project and the place video technology plays in that project. [evidence, videotape, video technology, I CARE project]A National Police Car? 02/01/2002

    By Warren Hill

    PRIOR TO 1978, THE NEW SOUTH WALES POLICE SERVICE HAD CONTEMplated the possibility of a car which had been exclusively designed and equipped for at least general police duties. (excerpted from the Author) [national police car, Transportation, stations, prisoners, equipment, Highway patrol, law enforcement]Fleet Management 02/01/2002

    By William Horman

    FOR MOST LAW ENFORCEMENT AND EMERGENCY SERVICES AGENCIES, THE costs related to the purchasing, equipping, operating and maintaining of fleets is the largest single recurring cost, outside that of personnel. The cost of acquiring vehicles, the costs associated with equipping and maintaining these [law enforcement, fleets, recurring cost, vehicles, budgets, Management Systems]Physical Damage to Textiles 02/01/2002

    By Nigel Johnson

    There are various forms of physical damage which may be found on textiles; for example, ’normal wear-and-tear’ resulting from normal use of textiles. This usually takes the form of a thinning of the fabric prior to a hole forming, but seams may also come undone, threads can catch and [textile fibre, textiles, fibres, yarns, fabrics, damage, forensic investigations]Traffic Policing: Red Light/Speed Cameras 02/01/2002

    By Wayne Jones and Bruce Leggatt

    At the instigation of a number of police forces in Australia and overseas, Image Applications have taken their expertise a significant stage further. Their new automated traffic camera system, Image Masterã, was unveiled at the Asia Pacific Police Technology Conference in 1991. (excerpted from th [Image Master, computer programming, police forces, camera, law enforcement]RF Radiation: Facts and Fallacies 02/01/2002

    By Ken Joyner

    In addressing the issue of increased risk of adverse health effects arising from exposure to RF, this paper shall draw heavily from the experiences of Telecom Australia, which is the largest user of RF radiation in Australia outside of the Defence Department. (excerpted from the Author) [electromagnetic radiation (EMR), energy, radio-frequency, health effects]Mapping: Tying Data to the Real World 02/01/2002

    By David Lewis

    This paper will discuss the ways in which GIS may assist in the execution of policing duties. (excerpted from the author) [GIS, police officer, computer technology, MapInfo, law enforcement]The Use of CIE Colour Coordinates in Forensic Science 02/01/2002

    By Elizabeth Kostantakis and Professor Michael Pailthorpe

    In the forensic examination of fibres, a microspectrophotometer is employed to measure the transmission of light through the individual fibres. Microspectrophotometry is usually employed as part of the fibre selection/rejection process which is followed by some form of extraction and chromatograp [textiles, forensic science, computer technology, CIELAB, dyed fabric]Computerised Facial Construction and Reconstruction 02/01/2002

    By Adrian Paterson

    There is still much to learn and understand in the field of facial identification, but with a team of dedicated forensic artists and the best equipment available, facial construction and reconstruction forms the foundation from which forensic artists can build and expand on professional offerings [facial variations, criminal suspects, computers, Police Artist Unit, FACE, forensic science, law enforcement]Command and Control: The Computer Aided Dispatch System 02/01/2002

    By Senior Sergeant Neil Preston

    THIS PAPER DETAILS LOCAL AUSTRALIAN DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENtation of a $2.5 million police Command and Control System and the practical application of the Computer Assisted Dispatch System as developed by the Queensland Police Service. (excerpted from the Author) [Police, public, CAD, computer, control, law enforcement]Law Enforcement Access Network 02/01/2002

    By Peter Roberts

    THIS PAPER OUTLINES THE LAW ENFORCEMENT ACCESS NETWORK (LEAN) proposal recently announced by the Commonwealth Government. The proposal arose as a direct consequence of the Commonwealth Government’s acceptance of the recommendations in 1987 of the white paper entitled Review of Systems for [law enforcement, LEAN, Investigation, Taxation, Data currency]The Future of Forensic Science 02/01/2002

    By James Robertson

    This paper addresses the application of technology to problem solving and, in particular, what information value can be gained from a particular analysis. Thus, while this paper shall touch upon what the future might hold for forensic science, the main focus is unashamedly on the future viewed from [forensic science, equipment, forensic techniques, future, Independence]The Use of Information Technology Standards to Secure Telecommunication Networks 02/01/2002

    By John Snare

    TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS ARE BECOMING MORE COMPLEX. Traditional voice networks are now being augmented by a variety of data, integrated services and broadband networks. Not only are the networks becoming more complex, but the services they offer are increasingly sophisticated and valuable. (e [telecommunications, technology, networks, security, customers]Police Technology: Asia Pacific Police Technology Conference Opening Address 02/01/2002

    By Michael Tate

    As is evident from the conference program, Australian law enforcement agencies have made a considerable investment in the application of technology that will assist them in their work. This investment is proving, and will continue to prove, that Australia is indeed becoming smarter and cleverer. [conference, technology, Asia, police, technology, law enforcement]Investigative Skills for the 1990s and Beyond 02/01/2002

    By David Thompson

    COMPUTER CRIME, HIGH-TECH CRIME, AND COMPUTER FRAUD ARE ALL terms used to describe the involvement of computers in the commission of crime. Computers have become a common business and household item and come in the form of personal organisers, notebooks, laptops, desktops, networks, mini and mai [crime, computers, networks, computer technology, evidence, software]Automated Fingerprint System 02/01/2002

    By Don Toews

    EVER SINCE THE INTRODUCTION OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS, THE CAPACITY TO revolutionise the searching of fingerprints has been recognised as one of the key areas that would provide tremendous benefits to law enforcement agencies around the world. (excerpted from the Author) [fingerprints, crime, law enforcement, technology]Putting South Australia on the Map 02/01/2002

    By Leanne Weber

    Crime mapping is now taking its place among the arsenal of research and planning tools which will be required by police officers of all ranks in the approaching era of proactive, information-driven policing. An even greater challenge will be the increasing demands to share this information in a c [offenders, crime, crime prevention, technology, Neighbourhood Watch, maps]Managing the Acquisition of Technology 02/01/2002

    By Bruce Window

    Technology can cover a diverse range of policing and support activities— equipment from radar guns, to accounting spreadsheets, to radio systems and even to forensic science. In fact, the range of knowledge and equipment is almost limitless. Potential costs for projects under this umbrella [policing, equipment, technology, training, forensic science]Indeterminate Sentences and Dangerousness 02/01/2002

    By Ian Campbell

    AN INDETERMINATE SENTENCE OF IMPRISONMENT AT THE GOVERNOR’S Pleasure, imposed in addition to or in substitution for, a finite sentence, is available in most of the Australian states and territories. These provisions override the common law requirement of proportion between the crime and the punis [crime, punishment, offence, mentally disordered, origins, Treatability]Managing Serious Violent Offenders in South Australian Prisons: Control, Consensus or Responsibility 02/01/2002

    By John Dawes

    THIS PAPER WILL ATTEMPT TO PROVIDE AN OVERVIEW OF OFFENDERS WHO are considered seriously violent and then suggest a framework within which such offenders can be managed. The argument is put that the existing management philosophies used in most Australian jurisdictions need modification, before [prisons, Violent Offenders, Responsibility, Accountability, Programs]Independent and Intimate: The Serious Offenders’ Review Board, New South Wales 02/01/2002

    By Graham Egan

    Though not all serious offenders are violent and not all violent offenders are serious, New South Wales has placed a high profile, statutory Board in charge of all prisoners who are defined as serious because of their crime or the length of their sentence. This Board has worked at gaining the tru [serious offenders, New South Wales, cost, response, legal weight]Assessing the Dangerousness and Treatability of Sex Offenders in the Community 02/01/2002

    By Dr William Glaser

    IF IT IS DIFFICULT TO GIVE A COHERENT MEANING TO ‘DANGEROUSNESS’, THE combination of this term and the term ‘sexual offender’ produces a semantic impossibility. Dangerousness in sex offenders is equated with incurable evil by the courts, unspeakable terror by the community and therapeutic nihilis [sex offenders, community, sexual violence, offence, offenders, professionals, law, Violence Against Women]The Politics of Dangerousness 02/01/2002

    By Deidre Greig

    Some would take the view that legal theory needs to be flexible enough to accommodate solutions, but must do so openly and not through the ordinary sentencing or mental health processes. As Williams has argued, preventive detention may, therefore, really be an ideological choice between civil lib [Politics, violent behaviour, legislation, mentally ill, community protection]Managing Violent Offenders in the Correctional Setting: A Coordinated Approach 02/01/2002

    By Peter Harmsworth

    Violent behaviour is the consequence of extremely deep-seated attitudes and values about personal and social relations. Changing the behaviour of the most violent members of the community may be the most difficult task facing the corrections system today. If it is to be done successfully, then it [Violent crime, violent offenders, re-offending, Violence Prevention, Individual therapy]A Profile of Forensic Patients in New South Wales and an Assessment of the Mental Health Review Tribunal in Effecting their Release 02/01/2002

    By Robert Hayes, Michael Sterry, Tony Ovadia, Bernard Boerma, and William Greer

    In New South Wales, as at October 1991, there are eighty-six forensic patients whose lives are governed by the forensic review legislation. This represents only a small percentage of those currently detained in prison in New South Wales, whether before or after trial, who may be mentally ill or s [mentally disabled, forensic patients, prison, lawyers, psychiatrists, mental illness,]Can the Victorian Parliament Abolish Fundamental Rights? 02/01/2002

    By Bryan Keon-Cohen

    In Victoria, what amounts to ‘cruel and unusual punishment’ has not, to the author’s knowledge, ever been decided by the Supreme Court. Preventive detention of an innocent, sane person in a sub-standard psychiatric institution (J Ward Ararat) amongst seriously disturbed patients might just qualif [Parliament, Rights, Victoria, Courts, Punishment]Review for Release: The Use and Misuse of Psychiatric Opinion 02/01/2002

    By William E. Lucas

    This paper will consider the use made of psychiatric opinion in the cases of two prisoners whose non-parole periods were extended by the Supreme Court of South Australia after applications by the Crown.( excerpted from the Author) [violent offenders, psychiatric opinion, Cases, psychiatrists, courts]Dangerous Persons: To Be Gaoled For What They Are, Or What They May Do, Not For What They Have Done 02/01/2002

    By Ron Merkel QC

    THIS PAPER RECOGNISES THAT THE GARRY DAVID CASE IS CURRENTLY THE subject of a reserved judgment in the Supreme Court, and while the paper will attempt in many ways to reflect upon the problems Mr Justice Hedigan is confronting in that case it is fairly important, particularly in a conference like [habitual offenders, repeat offender, first time offender, crime, goals]Community Safety and Serious Violent Offenders 02/01/2002

    By Judge Paul Mullaly

    It is important to distinguish the context in which the term ‘protection of society’ is used. In a general sense, ‘protection of society’ refers to the overall aim of sentencing law. Used in relation to individual offenders, ‘protection of society’ takes on the more limited meaning of incapacitat [offender, ‘protection of society’, judicial discretion, Community Safety, ]Personality Disorder, the Criminal Justice System and the Mental Health System 02/01/2002

    By David Neal

    The state is not entitled to restrain any of its members simply on the basis that it will be for his own good. Interestingly, Mill made an exception to his principle, for lunatics and children. It is on this basis that we can civilly commit some mentally ill people for their own good. (excerpted fro [insanity, drunkenness, violent behaviour, Personality Disorder, Civil Commitment, Civil Liberty]The Principles of Sentencing Violent Offenders: Towards a more Structured Approach 02/01/2002

    By Ivan Potas

    In the sentencing of offenders, retribution (variously referred to in this paper as the sentence which is regarded as being commensurate with, or proportionate to, the seriousness of the offence or the justly deserved sentence), protection of the community, specific and general deterrence, rehab [violent offenders, sentencing, principles, intuition, reason, rehabilitation]A Relapse Prevention Approach to Reducing Aggressive Behaviour 02/01/2002

    By Peter Prisgrove

    When an aggressive client decides to enter a program they declare their intent not to behave aggressively. As their day-to-day life progresses they face many situations and to the extent that they deal with them non-aggressively they maintain a strong sense of control. (excerpted from the Author) [violent behaviour, sexual offending, domestic violence, cognitive-behavioural approach, Motivation, Violence Against Women]Provisions for Violent Offenders: Perpetuating Myths or Confronting Challenges 02/01/2002

    By Margaret Ray MLA-Chairwoman, Leanne Craze-Secretary

    The Committee is confident that the early provision of assistance to disturbed and distressed children and young people will in the long term enhance community safety. It is also confident that, for those disturbed children and young people who demonstrate a real threat to community safety, appro [offenders, anti-social personality, disorders, violent offenders, provisions]Psychiatric Treatment of Violent Offenders in Prison 02/01/2002

    By Fredrick Stamp

    Forensic psychiatry is one aspect of in the management of a proportion of violent offenders. While it is concerned with those who have psychiatric disorders, involvement occurs with offenders who do not have such disorders. It is important that psychiatric services are used to assist in the manag [psychiatric illness, violence, mental illness, Psychiatrists, prison, violent offenders]The Case for Due Process in Reviewable Sentences 02/01/2002

    By Peter Svensson

    GIVEN THE APPARENT PUBLIC CONCERN ABOUT VIOLENT AND DANGEROUS offenders, the aims of this paper are to briefly traverse the various Australian jurisdictions possessing legislation governing dangerous offenders, persons considered to be incapable of controlling their sexual instincts, and habitual [violent crime, violent offenders, democracy, Proportionality, Protection, Legislation]The Release of Serious Violent Offenders and Community Safety 02/01/2002

    By Don Thomson, Astrid Birgden and Marlene Morison

    The issue which we were asked to address was the release of serious violent offenders and the community safety. We have argued that in principle a community has the right to protect its members by detaining persons who will be violent to others and that these persons should not be released until [violent offenders, community, programs, community safety, human rights]Canberra’s First Forensic Institute for Rehabilitation Services and Training 02/01/2002

    By Hugh Veness

    This paper outlines a proposal that may cut the knot in Canberra’s long standing inability to look after its own prisoners, especially those who may benefit from psychiatric and/or psychological intervention. The concept is that the ACT should set up a special purpose system in which both most of [ACT, prison, felons, Target Groups, psychiatry, Programs]Coping with the Highly Dangerous: Issues of Principle Raised by Preventive Detention 02/01/2002

    By Professor C. R. Williams

    The issues posed at the beginning of this paper as being raised by the Garry David case and the hypothetical case of the terrorist whose release date is approaching do not admit of easy resolution. The principle that a person should be punished on the basis of desert and not detained longer than [mental illness, detention, antisocial, crimes, Community Protection Act, Preventive Detention]A Women’s Refuge for Bourke: A Community Initiative 02/01/2002

    By Esther Alvares

    IN THE EARLY 1980S A PUBLIC MEETING WAS HELD AT THE WALLY BYERS hall in Bourke. This meeting was largely attended by Aboriginal women who stated that they needed a refuge in the town. This need was as a result of a perception that violence in the home was on the increase and that there was such a [Aboriginal women, community, domestic violence, refuge, victims, Funding, Violence Against Women]The Dooligar Justice Centre: Post-Royal Commission Response to Aboriginal Correctional Issues 02/01/2002

    By Reg Blow

    The Dooligar Justice Centre proposal gives the Office of Corrections an operational framework through which it can develop responses in conjunction with Aboriginal people working within the criminal justice system, to address the needs of Aboriginal offenders and prisoners. Importantly, the Dooli [adult offenders, courts, prisoners, offenders, community, Aboriginal]Juvenile Offending in Aurukun: A Response and Overview 02/01/2002

    By Allan John Carter

    This paper outlines the response taken by the Department of Family Services and Aboriginal and Islander Affairs, Division of Protective Services and Juvenile Justice and seeks to raise issues for future responses to offending in remote communities. (excerpted from the Author) [Aurukun, Aboriginal, History, Juvenile Justice, Justice Issues, Offending]Judicial Racism 02/01/2002

    By Chris Cunneen

    This paper certainly aims to open up as many questions as it might answer, and points to the need to scrutinise judicial thinking within a broader framework than simply the logic of legal rationality. Judicial decision-making also needs to be analysed within a framework that understands the func [judicial racism, Aboriginal offenders, non-Aboriginal offenders, criminologists, Discrimination]Julalikari Council’s Community Night Patrol 02/01/2002

    By Dave Curtis

    THE PURPOSE OF THIS PAPER IS TO DESCRIBE BRIEFLY SOME OF THE LESS known features of Julalikari’s night patrol program and express a note of caution to communities thinking of adopting the scheme. In making these comments, it is hoped that communities can be helped to make informed decisions and a [night patrol program, Community Meetings, Alcohol, problem drinkers, administration, Aboriginal deaths]Aboriginal People and the Courts 02/01/2002

    By Lionel Fraser

    THIS IS A PROPOSAL WHICH ATTEMPTS TO PROVIDE A SCHEME FOR THE TRIAL of Aboriginal people in criminal proceedings. There should be created a position, designated “Aboriginal Assistant to the Court”; “court” should be defined to mean Magistrates’ Court, District Court, Supreme Court and the Court o [Aboriginal people, courts, Legal Representation, legal aid, non-Aboriginal]The North West Court Circuit (Pitjantjatjara Lands): A Personal Perspective 02/01/2002

    By Garry Hiskey

    On the suggestion of the Pitjantjatjara Legal Service whom I have consulted concerning this paper, this paper has been kept as anonymous as possible. Communities are not identified by name except in a geographical descriptive context. No individuals are named. I do not seek to hide from the reali [Pitjantjatjara Lands, Court Circuit, Travel, Work Load, Non-attendance, Offences]Developing Police Understanding of Aboriginal Issues 02/01/2002

    By Cherie Imlah

    There are suggestions that, in the near future, new police will be recruited after undergoing a full degree in Justice Studies. (This is now the procedure for entry to the Australian Police Service.) This seems to be a desirable procedure for recruitment to the Queensland Police Service, if profe [Police Service, BA degree, academic study, Aboriginal issues, law enforcement]Developing Community Initiatives in Juvenile Justice 02/01/2002

    By Evelynn Crawford-Maher

    HISTORICALLY, THE ABORIGINAL PEOPLE OF AUSTRALIA HAVE ALWAYS been affluent within their own society. This was evident at the time of colonisation, although not to the eyes of the white settlers who did not see fences, houses or material possessions. It was at this point that the first impact of c [Aboriginal people, Juveniles, juvenile justice, Police, non-Aboriginal youth, law enforcement]Law Reform and the Road to Independence 02/01/2002

    By Michael Mansell

    The issue here is not so much whether Aboriginal people ought to rely on existing revenue raising mechanisms when forging their own independence, but that there seems ample scope for the development of an economically sustainable Aboriginal Nation based on available figures. (excerpted from the A [Fundamental Change, Aboriginal People, local level, economy, Law, order]Mwerre Antetyeke Mparntwele (Sitting Down Good in Alice Springs) 02/01/2002

    By Paul Memmott and Staff of Tangentyere Council

    The ideological and methodological approach in this project is believed to be a more holistic one than that tried by any government or Aboriginal agency in Central Australia before, involving both reactive and pro-active strategies and involving many divergent albeit interrelated problem dimensio [Project Aims, Mwerre Anetyeke Mparntwele, Aboriginal elders, non-Aboriginal, Educational strategy]A Community Development Approach to Crime Prevention in Aboriginal Communities 02/01/2002

    By Barbara Miller

    THIS PAPER EXAMINES A CASE STUDY OF A NORTH QUEENSLAND Aboriginal community which is trying to come to grips with a number of problems threatening its social order. In response to community unrest and high levels of juvenile offending, the council closed its canteen in April 1991. (excerpted from [Aboriginal community, social order, juvenile offending, violence, Crime Prevention]The Evolution of a Consultative Approach to Corrections on Aboriginal Communities 02/01/2002

    By Angela Musumeci

    Like all government and public agencies, at this time, finance is a major problem. But there is the fundamental element of this model which has occurred independently of budgetary restraints. It is an attitude change on behalf of the Commission, a willingness to be flexible, to meet each communit [Aboriginal, non-Aboriginal, Background, Kennedy Review, Project]Mediation Within Aboriginal Communities: Issues and Challenges 02/01/2002

    By Marg O’Donnell

    In looking at providing this service to Aboriginal women, care will need to be taken that appropriate safeguards are in place to minimise risk to the woman’s safety and checks made to ensure that any arrangements or agreements entered into are not as the result of fear and powerlessness on the pa [Aboriginal people, DOGIT, Community Justice Program, communities, Challenges, Issues]What is Obscene–The Language or the Arrest that Follows? 02/01/2002

    By Kathryn Pirie and Sheryl Cornack

    In 1992 it is time to demand from the police that they exercise their powers and discharge their obligations in a fair, reasoned and just way with cognisance of the unequal position of Aboriginal people in this society resulting from two centuries of oppression and prejudice. Surely it is time to [Obescene language, Aboriginal youths, Arrest, literacy, strategies]The Commonwealth’s Responsibility for Aboriginal Young Offenders 02/01/2002

    By Chris Sidoti

    It is important to note as well that Australia is a party to the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. This Convention deals explicitly with forms of detention and situations which are contrary to the essential human dignity of the detainee. (ex [Aboriginal youth, juvenile offenders, Australia, adult offenders]Aboriginal Women and the Law 02/01/2002

    By Carol Thomas and Joanne Selfe

    Aboriginal women are not being told about the processes of the legal system or about what the law can be used. Women are not encouraged to use the law. They are aware of the law as defendants but are generally not aware that the law can be used effectively in matters which benefit them. (excerpte [Aboriginal women, urban, law, defendants, violence, Violence Against Women]Community Crime Strategy for Aboriginal Communities 02/01/2002

    By Rebecca Tonkin

    Because Aboriginal culture is the keystone of this program, not white bureaucracy, Aboriginal people are taking control in their communities. The work is being done by the people at the grassroots level. Aboriginal models of participation are being used rather than the Anglo-Saxon style which “de [Aboriginal, non-Aboriginal, consumer society, unemployed youth, crime prevention]Queensland Police Service Aboriginal/Police Relations 02/01/2002

    By Terry Tyler and Dianne Jeans

    The specific policies, procedures, and programs outlined indicate the commitment by all levels of the service, including the Commissioner and executive officers, to improve relations between police and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. They are only part of the reform process which is [Police, Aboriginal, cross-cultural, Communication, Training, law enforcement]Aboriginal Justice Issues Conference Opening Address 02/01/2002

    By Rob Hulls

    Included in this paper are some of the author’s experiences with the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander legal service in Mount Isa that highlight the need for the Commission’s urgent implementation of recommendations concerning law and justice, and wider issues of economic and social disadvant [aboriginal, diseases, children, abuse, family, justice]Services for Young Women: Future Directions 02/01/2002

    By Christine Alder

    I would have to concur with Bacon (1992) when she observed that the recognition of the importance to young women offenders of credentialled education, accredited training, vocational planning and employment which leads to a career, is still a minority view. But if we are serious about assisting y [youth officer, young women, offenders, juvenile justice]Sentencing Reviews for Juvenile Offenders: The Need for a Judicial Mechanism 02/01/2002

    By Margaret Allison and Stephen Armitage

    If increased powers are to be granted to courts dealing with young people who have committed offences, effective checks and balances are needed to guard against the inappropriate use of these powers. An administrative review mechanism that performs such a function, similar to the present arrangem [Juvenile offenders, young people, court system, Queensland, judicial mechanism]Aboriginal Youth, Police and the Juvenile Justice System in Western Australia 02/01/2002

    By Lynn Atkinson

    THIS PAPER IS IN TWO PARTS. THE FIRST SECTION MAKES SOME observations about young people, crime and the police, and the particular vulnerability of Aboriginal youth coming to the attention of the police. Two issues, the maintenance of public order and juvenile offending, provide the framework fo [Aboriginal youth, Juvenile justice, Australia, Police, court, law enforcement]Preventative and Diversionary Programs in Western Australia 02/01/2002

    By Paul Bartholomew

    Young people on conditional release orders undertake a range of work for government departments, local government authorities and community organisations which includes: gardening and maintenance, rehabilitating parks and sand dunes, building pergolas, gazebos and other structures, and repairing [Preventative programs, Diversionary programs, Australia, crime, victims]Juvenile Offending: New Theory and Practice 02/01/2002

    By John Braithwaite

    PHILIP PETTIT AND I HAVE DESCRIBED THE KIND OF CRIMINOLOGY WE DO as republicans (Braithwaite & Pettit 1990; Braithwaite 1993). It is not my purpose in this paper to explain how a republican political philosophy can solve a range of problems that are unsolved by liberal political theory. Suffice i [criminal justice systems, liberal terms, republican terms, offenders, victims]Juvenile Justice in New Zealand 02/01/2002

    By Michael J.A. Brown

    Much offending by young people starts at a relatively petty level. The danger of resorting to court action in such cases is the risk of exposing the young person to associations and practices which may prove unhelpful, and can result in an increase in offending behaviour. Most young persons grow [young people, offend, law, youth justice, definitions, family group]Towards a National Perspective on Australian Youth Crime Prevention 02/01/2002

    By Garry Coventry and Reece Walters

    Crime prevention projects attract more male than female participants. The parameters of prevention discourse must be broadened to eliminate gender imbalances. Crime prevention needs to be subsumed within the broader objectives of social development for all young people. We are concerned that pop [community-based, youth crime prevention, youth participation, Australian States]Diversionary Programs in Operation in Victoria 02/01/2002

    By Vaughan Duggan

    It is clear that to minimise recidivism, intensive support and provision of many services are required for those young people leaving custodial facilities. While young people should be encouraged to be independent over time, it is essential because of their vulnerability, marginalisation and ofte [community based, custodial dispositions, young people, Offending Pyramid]Youth in Action: Empowering Young People for Community Change 02/01/2002

    By John Engel and Julia Young

    This paper describes YALP’s approach to crime prevention; the history and methodology of the Project from 1985 to 1992; summarises the lessons learned; and proposes a wider application of the methodology as a youth-participation crime prevention strategy which could be implemented in many communitie [crime prevention, self-esteem, anti-social behaviour, YALP, young people, youth action, implementation]Juvenile Justice in New South Wales: New Directions 02/01/2002

    By Ian Graham

    THIS PAPER WILL PROVIDE THE BACKGROUND TO JUVENILE JUSTICE IN NEW South Wales. The release of various significant reports, the establishment of the Office of Juvenile Justice and the Juvenile Justice Advisory Council and other government committees provide the current perspective within which juveni [juvenile justice, Australia, laws, juvenile crime, Aboriginal, offending behavior]Where’s the Justice?: Young People, Mental Health and the Law 02/01/2002

    By Roger Hearn

    The primary focus of this paper is on young people with mental health problems who have been unable to access services that adequately meet their needs. In order to highlight current service gaps, it has been useful to look specifically at a particular group in society that has always had trouble [mental health, young people, criminal justice, substance abusers, psychiatric services]A Training Plan Concept for “Yesterday’s Tomorrows”: Toward a Coordinated and Integrated Model of Vocational Education and Training in Juvenile Detention Centers 02/01/2002

    By Doug Hubble and Ross Goodlet

    This paper is an attempt to describe not only a process which has been commenced within Western Australian juvenile detention centres to upgrade the vocational education programs but to highlight some of the critical issues which have both facilitated and encouraged these innovations. (excerpted fr [inmate educational programs, inmate vocational training, juveniles, prisons, corrections]Juvenile Justice: The Western Australian Experience 02/01/2002

    By Hal Jackson

    I started this paper by referring to the very high charge, arrest and detention rates in Western Australia, and the decrepit state of its system when the new legislation was passed in 1988 and when I started in 1989. In fact, although a very great deal of public media and political time and attent [juvenile justice, Australia, laws, juvenile crime, Aboriginal, offenders]A Mental Health Perspective on Juvenile Justice 02/01/2002

    By Jon Jureidini

    THIS PAPER WILL ADDRESS THE QUESTION, “WHAT IS THE ROLE OF MENTAL health, and in particular the psychiatrist, in working with young offenders?” The paper will describe how, in developing a Forensic Psychiatry Unit, we have moved away from a traditional psychiatric approach that emphasises assessmen [young offenders, psychiatrist, juvenile justice, mental health, family services, community services]Victim-Offender Mediation Program (VOMP) 02/01/2002

    By Evi Kadar

    Increasingly, there is acknowledgment that the formal criminal justice system, centred around the court process, has not been effective in the rehabilitation of juvenile offenders, and in fact has a stigmatising and negative effect on young offenders who become involved in it. Subsequently, there [criminal justice system, court, juvenile offenders, victims, VOMP]Policing Juveniles: An Overseas and Western Australian Perspective 02/01/2002

    By Robert C. Kucera

    This paper describes some of my experiences, briefly discusses the role of police as “gatekeepers” to the juvenile justice system, and talks a little about the West Australian experience. (excerpted from the Author) [policing, young people, general officers, juveniles, juvenile justice]Police Cautioning: Effective Diversion or Expedience? 02/01/2002

    By Ann Lewis and Clement O’Regan

    There has been a change of emphasis by the Queensland Police Service in recent times when developing policies and strategies for dealing with juvenile offenders. Improved police training will assist police to deal more sensitively with juveniles especially as the positive skills of recent training [juvenile offenders, criminal justice, criminal offences, quasi-criminal offences, police service, young offender, law enforcement]Aboriginal Juveniles and the Juvenile Justice System in New South Wales 02/01/2002

    By Garth Luke and Chris Cunneen

    The present study has grown from a lack of comprehensive information about how the police and courts deal with young Aboriginal people. Only one study, by Gale et al. (1990), has compared the treatment of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people throughout a justice system. That report used official [Aboriginal children, criminal justice, justice system, New South Wales, Aboriginal, Non-Aboriginal]Family Decision-Making in Youth Justice: The New Zealand Model 02/01/2002

    By Gabrielle M. Maxwell

    There is much that is positive and novel about the New Zealand system of youth justice. It has succeeded in diverting the majority of young offenders from criminal courts and reliance on the use of institutions has been dramatically reduced. (excerpted from the Author) [young offenders, institutions, international, youth justice, family]Facing the Consequences 02/01/2002

    By David Moore

    The juvenile justice scheme established by the Wagga Wagga police patrol awaits a full evaluation. It can be said at this stage that the scheme has considerable support from people who have been involved with it, from a growing number of initially sceptical police and from other individuals and g [justify, court system, young offenders, practitioners, observers, “welfare”, “justice”]Contact With the Justice System Over the Juvenile Years 02/01/2002

    By Frank Morgan

    THIS PAPER WILL DISCUSS BRIEFLY THE CURRENT SOCIAL CLIMATE regarding youth crime. The current media attention on juvenile crime has many in the community believing that we are in the midst of an unprecedented juvenile crime wave. Media sources carry regular reports about high speed car chases; t [media attention, juvenile crime, community, graffiti vandalism, adult crime, Justice system]Logan Youth Legal Service: Within an Integrated Service for Young People 02/01/2002

    By Lawrie Moynihan

    THIS PAPER WILL BRIEFLY OUTLINE THE HISTORY, PHILOSOPHY AND THE process which this organisation employed to meet the needs of young people in our community. (excerpted from the Author) [young people, community, organisation, project, domestic violence]Wagga Wagga Juvenile Cautioning Program: 02/01/2002

    By Terry O’Connell

    There is strong evidence of a reduction in reported juvenile crime in Wagga Wagga. In fact, general crime rates during the period of the Wagga Wagga experiment have fallen (see Appendix A). One could not assert that the juvenile cautioning program was the cause of this fall. To reach such a concl [offender’s, crime, victim, juvenile, juvenile justice]Issues in Juvenile Justice in Queensland: New Laws, Old Visions 02/01/2002

    By Ian O’Connor

    The intention of this paper is first, to critically consider the adequacy and vision of the legislation, second to question the extent to which it appropriately responds to the causes and consequences of juvenile crime, and third, examine the potential it offers for increased confidence in the juve [juvenile justice, Australia, laws, juvenile crime, Aboriginal, non-offending, offending]Schools and Juvenile Crime Prevention 02/01/2002

    By Paul Omojo Omaji

    This paper examines how the school plays this role in the Australian context. Specifically, it reviews various forms of school-based interventions for the prevention of juvenile crime. (excerpted from the Author) [juvenile crime, prevention, Australia, intervention, criminal justice]Visions for the Future 02/01/2002

    By Sue Vardon, Danny Sandor, Seith Fourmile, Cyndia Henty-Roberts, Terry O’Connell, Ian O’Connor, Michael Hogan,

    A summary of commentary from the National Conference on Juvenile Justice for the Australian Institute of Criminology. [Australia, Aboriginal, community, criminal justice, offenders]Delinquency and Homelessness: Towards an Integrated Response 02/01/2002

    By Lesley Podesta and Peter Jones

    THIS PAPER WILL BEGIN BY LOOKING AT SOME OF THE TRADITIONAL explanations given for youth offending and then juxtapose these with a profile of marginalised and homeless young people to argue in support of a social theory of causes of crime. The authors will then describe some program responses to [youth offending, homeless, crime, causes, marginalised]Jobs, Not Gaols: A New Agenda for Youth 02/01/2002

    By Kenneth Polk

    Young people growing up today look forward to the same dreams that have guided other generations of Australians. Most want to finish school, get a job, enjoy a period of independence, begin an attachment, and then establish a family. For many in Australia today, this is a broken dream. While our [youth policy, economic life, social life, unemployment, youth crime]Future Directions for Girls in Custody 02/01/2002

    By Lynda Saville

    This paper explores many options that young women in custodial care in New South Wales have suggested as alternatives to increase their quality of life. The conclusion of this paper provides future directions that hopefully will be formulated into policy. (excerpted from the Author) [young women, custodial care, NSW, young offenders, detention centre]Juvenile Justice: The Need to Ask the Right Questions 02/01/2002

    By John Seymour

    THIS PAPER IDENTIFIES CERTAIN FUNDAMENTAL QUESTIONS WHICH MUST be addressed by those concerned about the design of procedures for responding to offences by the young. The aim is to draw attention to a number of key issues to be considered when examining the objectives of the juvenile justice system [juvenile crime, control, prevent, homelessness, juvenile justice, defendants]The Role of the Media in the Juvenile Justice Debate in Western Australia 02/01/2002

    By Charlotte Stockwell

    This paper is based on the contention that media reporting and specifically Howard Sattler’s talkback program on radio station 6PR was significantly influential in arousing hostility towards young offenders. Racism has long been endemic in Western Australia and was readily aroused to public fury. (E [media, juvenile justice, Australia, public opinion, government policy]Preventing Juvenile Crime 02/01/2002

    By The Honourable Christopher Sumner

    This conference, large and diverse as it is, offers Australians a unique opportunity to examine the experiences, successes and failures of the juvenile justice systems in our respective states. Increasing crime rates are a perplexing social and psychological problem for all western industrialised [young people, government, community, economic climate, social climate, juvenile crime]Queensland’s Juvenile Crime Prevention Initiative: YACCA: Youth and Community Combined Action 02/01/2002

    By Michael Tansky

    This paper concentrates on the crime prevention component of the strategy. It provides a brief outline of the development of the initiative, the principles and objectives underpinning it, the key features of the program to be funded through the 1992-93 State budget, and details of the main elemen [public debate, media, juvenile offending, community, public safety]National Conference on Juvenile Justice Opening Address 02/01/2002

    By Michael Tate

    THE TOPIC OF DISCUSSION TODAY IS CONCERNED WITH THE MAIN ISSUES IN juvenile justice. From the Commonwealth’s perspective and from my perspective as the Minister responsible for the Australian Federal Police and federal sentencing, the issues of prevention of crime and diversion of young offender [Juvenile justice, crime prevention, young offenders, courts ]Educational Provision for Young People in Custody: A Review of Provision and Coordination in NSW Juvenile JusticeCentres 02/01/2002

    By Sara Thorley Smith

    A number of the reports have focussed specifically on the education and schooling of young people in custody in the State. Teachers, juvenile justice officers and education professionals involved in the delivery of educational programs to young people in custody believe that in the majority of ju [young people, custody, education, NSW, Juvenile justice]The Courts, the Judiciary and New Directions: The Limits of Legislative Change 02/01/2002

    By Kate Warner

    The revival of just deserts philosophy has had an impact on the juvenile justice system. The outcome of recent reviews of juvenile justice has resulted in a shift from rehabilitation and welfare to an emphasis on the offence and deserved punishment. At the same time recognition of the need for a [original reformers, young offenders, rehabilitation, crime]Street Legal 02/01/2002

    By Roger Welsh

    This paper will discuss the Street Legal program,the young offenders the program is targeting, our team, its aims, our methods, and thereasons why Street Legal is succeeding where previous programs have failed. ( excerpted from the Author) [national program, international program, pilot, “lock-up”, young offenders]Young People, Community Space and Social Control 02/01/2002

    By Rob White

    The basic argument of this paper is that the social effects of depressed economic conditions, combined with the further intrusion of commercial relations into the sphere of general community spaces, invariably leads to conflict between the police and young people over the use of public spaces suc [policing, criminalisation, young people, society, criminal justice system]The NYARS Report: The Police 02/01/2002

    By Rob White

    This paper describes some of the findings of the chapter on police in the NYARS report. Given the extensive contact between police and young people, the concern of this part of the NYARS research project was to gain a sense of police perceptions of their work and the issues which they perceive as [police, Aboriginal youth, NYARS, “street kids”, gangs, family problems, law enforcement]Some Trends in Officially Recorded Youth Offending: A State-By-State Comparison 02/01/2002

    By Joy Wundersitz

    In an attempt to investigate this issue, this paper will examine trends in officially recorded youth crime across six Australian jurisdictions, using statistics relating to the total numbers of young people processed by the system, either by way of a police caution, panel hearing or court appeara [juvenile crime, community fears, incidents, young offenders, crime]The Changing Boundaries: What Place Community Organisations in Change and Reforms of the Criminal Justice System? 02/01/2002

    By Eileen Baldry

    This paper has, as its background, the devastation wrought upon the criminal justice system in the state of NSW between 1988 and 1991. The ministry at that time, headed by Mr Michael Yabsley, increased the prison population by 48 per cent, dismantled prison welfare services, cut funds to post-releas [crime rate, NSW, prison populations, crime rate, offenders, community]Community Safety and Crime Prevention: What is the Role of Government? 02/01/2002

    By A. J. Behm

    A question which frequently arises in community groups looking for government support is whether the provision of funds or other support by government will lead government to want to control the agenda and “take over”. This is a suspicion which frequently undermines the confidence of community gr [government, fiscal constraints, services, public, crime prevention]Private Sector Involvement in Corrections 02/01/2002

    By David Belton

    The purpose of this paper, and our involvement in this conference, is to articulate and promote POAA policy and activity, particularly in respect to privatisation of correctional functions. [corrections, prison officers, correctional officers, POAA, privatisation]The Justice Whanau Hapu Advisory Committee 02/01/2002

    By Rob Brangwin

    The impression gained by any observer with a knowledge of local population statistics looking in at the Hastings Courthouse, the Community Corrections Office, or the local prison would be that Maori are grossly over-represented. This impression is supported by the statistical evidence. ( excerpte [Maori, Probation Office, ethnic, cultural, offender, “partnership”, “Partnership Perspectives”]Economic Aspects of Prison Privatization: The Queensland Experience 02/01/2002

    By Allan Brown

    The literature search for this paper uncovered only one article by an economist (Roper 1986). This is all the more surprising considering that there is now a thriving industry throughout the developed world of economists studying and analysing the general phenomenon of privatisation, and the privati [ecomomists, privatization, American economists, prison privatization, economics,]Privatised Corrections: United States, Australia and New Zealand 02/01/2002

    By Wayne Calabrese

    IT IS IMPORTANT THAT WE UNDERSTAND WHAT IS MEANT BY THE WORD “privatisation”. Properly understood, privatisation of government assets such as prisons involves a sale of the asset to the private sector, often with a lease-back of the facility to the public sector. Such arrangements (and variations [privatisation, government assets, prisons, private sector, public sector, debt, budget]Will Privatization Impact Forecasting for Correctional Services? 02/01/2002

    By Stephen Carter

    If applied in the corrections area, government could forecast general requirements and request proposals from private sector as to how these needs could be met, both through the construction of bedspace and/or the provision of alternative communitybased sanctions. The presumed advantage of the pr [quality, private correctional services, public sector, Decision-makers, services]Corrections Contract Management in New South Wales: The Junee Experience 02/01/2002

    By Ronald Champion and William Curnow

    THE DECISION BY THE NEW SOUTH WALES GOVERNMENT TO CALL FOR expressions of interest and then tenders for a new prison was not taken lightly. New South Wales, like all governments was being asked to do more with less. As demands for government services were outpacing available revenue. Agency adminis [government services, Agency administrators, reducing, costs, services]Rotorua Legionnaires Academy Program 02/01/2002

    By Brett Cooper

    The RLA program is certainly still developing and being developed to better cater for young persons. An independent assessment has not yet been carried out. The Community Corrections office has a regular oversight of the programs offered at the RLA. (excerpted from the Author) [Rotorua Academy RLA , Attorney-General, penal institutions, Rotary International]Private Sector/Community Involvement in the New Zealand Prison System 02/01/2002

    By Terry Craig

    THIS PAPER OUTLINES THE NATURE AND EXTENT OF PRIVATE SECTOR AND community involvement in New Zealand’s prisons. It explains the rationale for the current levels of involvement, the organisational structure, the success in contributing to the prison system’s goal of reducing reoffending and discus [private sector, community, prisons, reoffending, programs, inmates]The Challenge of Change 02/01/2002

    By Brian Dickson

    This paper does not exhaustively trace the history of the Kennedy Review into Corrective Services in Queensland in 1988; however, it is of interest to note the crystallisation of Kennedy’s decision to involve the private sector in corrections, which occurred during the progression of the Review. [public services, prisons, private sector, correctional facilities]Horouta Marae/ Wellington Prison Joint Programs Venture Habilitation Programs 02/01/2002

    By Sheryn Elborn

    This paper describes the relationship by outlining the context in which this relationship occurred: the initial contact; the development of a mutual vision; cultural considerations; and future developments. (excerpted from the Author) [Prison inmates, cultural considerations, penal system, habilitation programs]Private Sector and Community Involvement in the Criminal Justice System 02/01/2002

    By Ralph Flavell

    We must be prepared to change our own thinking and attitudes. We must disregard the superficial for the substance and realise that during the period of reconstruction and recovery, there is only one standard demanded by our beloved country and that is the one that will restore respect for each ot [Maori leaders, young Maori, penal institutions, inmates, prisons]Can the Private Sector do it Better in Corrections? 02/01/2002

    By Christopher Foley-Jones

    THE TASK OF THIS PAPER IS TO EXAMINE SOME PRACTICAL AND FINANCIAL aspects of the privatisation of correctional facilities. Ethical problems will be touched on only briefly as they will no doubt be discussed at length by others. (excerpted from the Author) [Ethical problems, privatisation, correctional facilities, cost]Aboriginal Community Education and Access Unit Community Support for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Inmates Within the Queensland Prison System 02/01/2002

    By Lionel Fraser

    The role of an Aboriginal Commissioner for Queensland Corrective Services Commission is commended on the whole by the Aboriginal Community, as it gives opportunities for changes to be made to policies which directly affect the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people incarcerated in the priso [Aboriginal, Community, prison, inmates, custodial officers]Privatising Prisons: Principle and Practice 02/01/2002

    By Richard W. Harding

    It is crucially important in the contract management or privatisation debate to identify where one is coming from. My own starting point is concern with the quality of services which can be delivered to prisoners. (excerpted from the Author) [private prison, contract management, jurisdiction, anti-privatisation]Community Crime Prevention: Toward Safer Communities 02/01/2002

    By Colin Hicks

    Most good ideas require dedication and commitment to make them work. It has been the efforts of a small group of people in each pilot program area that has allowed satisfactory progress to be made. Key players have been the Coordinators themselves, and the chairpersons of the Safer Community Coun [criminal justice, crime prevention, community development, safety]A Pilot Project in South Australia: Privately Run Programs for Offenders 02/01/2002

    By Tim Hill

    In an attempt to measure the effectiveness of programs, NCT has encouraged courts and agencies that are providing referrals to maintain accurate records of those who attend. However, in most cases, because of aninability on the part of the court, no efforts are made to track recidivism except for N [Programs, sentencing alternative, NCT, Recidivism, offenders]Private Policy and Policing: Does Private Enterprise have a Role in Delivering the Output of Public Safety and Security? 02/01/2002

    By Stephen Hinds

    This paper will firstly focus on some of those changes and how they have affected jurisdictions in other parts of the world. It will also identify a number of valid reasons for why the inevitable problems linking private justice delivery with public policy imperatives. (excerpted from the Author) [private policy, public safety, private enterprise, public policy]The Men for Non-Violence (NZ) Network of Stopping Violence and Community Sex Offender Programs: Cost-Effective Programs for Offenders 02/01/2002

    By Stephen Jacobs and Ken McMaster

    The view of many people that the social control of men who are violent is equated with incarceration is undermined by the above facts which translate to mean that less than 2 per cent of assaults by men against women in the home are reported to the police (Gondolf 1987), that less than 3 per cent [family violence, women, children, sex offenders, men, Violence Against Women]Substance Abuse Education Programs Within the New Zealand Prison System 02/01/2002

    By Elizabeth Jamieson

    This paper will deal with the education portion of a substance abuse program. The program has been running in Auckland Prison West(Paremoremo Medium Security) for three years and Auckland Prison East (Paremoremo Maximum Security) for ten weeks. (excerpted from the Author) [consumption, mind changing, mood altering, chemical substances, prison system ]Cultural Development in New Zealand Prisons 02/01/2002

    By Helen Lomax

    THIS PAPER DISCUSSES THE INNOVATIVE STEPS THE NEW ZEALAND PRISON system has taken to integrate into all its operations an understanding and expression of the various cultural groups in the prisons¾ for both staff and inmates. A particular focus will be on the organisational processes developed to e [cultural groups, prisons, Crown, Maori, Iwi, CAU]Private and State Sector Psychological Services to Corrections 02/01/2002

    By Harry Love

    This paper has commented on psychologists in private practice providing services to corrections. There is the separate issue of privatised correctional services employing psychologists on staff. ( excerpted from the Author) [private, corrections, state sector, psychologists, correctional services]Kia Mauritau 02/01/2002

    By Julie Te Urikore Lux

    The present paper argued that Maori people have a higher offending rate, prison population and recidivism than non-Maori because they exist within a society which has culturally oppressed them. When incarcerated, attempts at rehabilitating them have been based on monoculturally biased programs. (exc [crime rate, non-Maori, culturally oppressed, cultural deprivation, programs]History of Contract Management in Queensland Corrections 02/01/2002

    By Stan Macionis and Ross Millican

    Initially, the Commission established one female and two male community corrections centres operated by staff employed in its community corrections arm. Each of these could accommodate around twenty offenders. During 1990, discussions took place with several community groups regarding the operation [corrections, offenders, contract management, prison, history]Contestability and Cost-Benefit in Policing: The Dilemma 02/01/2002

    By Gavin McFadyen

    This paper does not seek to canvass issues surrounding direct competition between public and private sector policing. Rather it examines contestability from a “total service” perspective and offers a viewpoint as to how police agencies might promote this concept. (excerpted from the Author) [private policing, public policing, activities, Crime Prevention]Corporate Involvement in Community Safety Programs 02/01/2002

    By Margaret Miller and David Brown

    This paper gives a brief account of NRMA involvement with Neighbourhood Watch and the lessons learnt from a program that began confidently, but has struggled to maintain an active and positive image. The paper goes on to describe a new NRMA supported program that aims to address the social causes of [community programs, participation, safety, crime prevention, corporate involvement]Private Security or Private Police? 02/01/2002

    By Trevor W.A. Morley

    In all probability, it is likely that there are as many unlicensed and uncertificated employees in the security industry as there are licence and certificate holders, albeit some of the former group are not required by law to hold a licence or certificate.(excerpted from the Author) [licences, employees, certificates, private investigators, security guards ]Private Adult Custodial Corrections in Queensland and the First Wave: A Critical Reflection on the First Three Years: Reform or Regression? 02/01/2002

    By Paul Moyle

    Australia’s first private prison, Borallon Correctional Centre, has been operating for over three years, holds 244 inmates and cost the Queensland government $9.7m for the 1991-1992 financial year. Another Queensland private prison, the Arthur Gorrie Correctional Centre, is a remand and reception f [private prison, illegal immigrant detainees, privatisation, correctional centres]Wellington Prison and Prisoners’ Aid and Rehabilitation Society Pre-Release and Resettlement Program 02/01/2002

    By Sheryn Elborn and Robert Nankivell

    The pre-release program is divided into two parts, one is the individual assessment and actions that occur, in relation to work and family relationships, accommodation, finance on release, the other part is a series of modules that the committee either facilitates or contracts outside groups to faci [pre-release, resettlement, inmates, prison, future development,]The Private Forensic Scientist and the Criminal Justice System 02/01/2002

    By Michael T. Pailthorpe and Nigel A.G. Johnson

    The authors enjoy the challenge of tackling intriguing problems, using one’s scientific and problem-solving skills to reconstruct parts of a crime from the available textile evidence. Another challenge that some may actually enjoy is the confrontation with the Queen’s Counsel. (excerpted from the [textiles, crime, forensics, education, criminal justice]Aboriginal Customary Law 02/01/2002

    By Elizabeth Pearce

    In Aboriginal law the perpetrator must own up and accept the punishment. If he or she does not, then their family members are punished. “White man law” has taught Aboriginal people to lie and let others take the blame for crimes committed. (excerpted from the author) [Aboriginal people, innocent, “proven guilty”, law, “white man law”]Private Prisons : A New Zealand Prison Officer’s Perspective 02/01/2002

    By Steve Quinn

    This paper is not attempting to denigrate the concept of private prisons, but it is important to sound some reservations and warnings from the point of view of those who spend their working lives with prisoners and in prisons. The first reservation is the old adage that those who do not learn from t [private prisons, drug counselling, alcohol counselling, offender, officer]Streets Ahead: The Rhetoric and Reality of Youth Participation in Neighbourhood Crime Control and Prevention: A Case Study 02/01/2002

    By Don Robertson

    There is a high teenage population and high teenage unemployment. There is much youth boredom and there is a certain aimlessness and hopelessness particularly among the school leavers. Job prospects are few and life therefore, is now. (excerpted from the Author) [community, cultural groups, crime, streets, youth]Practical Issues Involved with the Management of a Home Detention Program 02/01/2002

    By Brian Rogers

    THE AUSTRALIAN PROTECTIVE SERVICE IS THE COMMONWEALTH’S premier protective security agency responsible for the provision of physical security to government entities. Amongst our responsibilities are the protection of the foreign diplomatic and consular communities in Australia, securing the residenc [Protective Service, Home Detention, Alternatives, Telephone, Electronic Surveillance, Offenders]Some Liberal and Radical Responses to Privatising the Penal System in Britain 02/01/2002

    By Mick Ryan

    It is easy to see why the idea of privatising the penal system in Britain and elsewhere has caused such controversy. Since the birth of industrial capitalism the state has increasingly intervened in the social and economic realms. (excerpted from the Author) [privatisation plans, private sector, government, legislation, penal system]The Legal Basis for the Authority of Private Police and an Examination of their Relationship with the “PUBLIC” POLICE 02/01/2002

    By Rick Sarre

    WHILE MOST OF US PRESUME TO KNOW SOMETHING ABOUT THE EXISTENCE and role of modern private security personnel or “private” police, it is important that we ask some more fundamental questions about the legal basis of their authority. (excerpted from the Author) [private security, authority, general public, public property, private property, Private police, Public Police, law enforcement]Private Policing: No Way 02/01/2002

    By Robert H. Smith

    The private security industry is burgeoning in Australia. In Victoria, over the little more than two years since the Private Agents (Amendment) Act 1990, was proclaimed on 15 August, there has been a growth of 30 to 40 per cent in new licences issued. On present trends by the year 2000 the ratio [constitutional monarchy, allegiance, enforce, laws, private policing]A Case for Private Sector Mediators in Reparation 02/01/2002

    By Peter Stallworthy

    This paper focuses on the contradiction between the legislative innovations and implementation of the mediation processes in two examples and suggests a place for private sector mediation input. [legislative innovations, reparation, mediation, Residential Tenancies Act, implementation]The Creative Use of Community Care: A Coordinated Approach to Stopping Violence 02/01/2002

    By Ross Walker and Michael Webster

    The survey notes that the size of the Auckland metropolitan area makes it difficult for judges to know, at a personal level, much detail about the large number of community groups available and suitable to act as sponsors for sentences of community care. Confidence in the sentence and in sponsors [community care orders, offender’s, Criminal Justice Act, substance abuse, Violence]The Australian Private Security Industry: The Need for Accountability, Regulation and Professionalisation 02/01/2002

    By Paul Wilson

    THE CONCEPT OF PRIVATISATION HAS HAD QUITE DIFFERENT MEANINGS IN different societies. Chan has outlined some of the ways in which privatisation has occurred in Australia, the United States and the United Kingdom. She has pointed out that compared with the privatisation of other state enterprises [privatisation, criminal justice, private prisons, drugs,crime]Legal Aid and Its Role in the Reduction of Delays in Criminal Proceedings in Victoria 02/01/2002

    By Ann-Louise Boag

    By our involvement in pre-trial discussions and the careful examination of evidence prior to the briefing of Counsel, the Commission is, within its budget constraints, providing the best advice to its clients in addition to assisting in the promotion of an efficient criminal justice system for th [Committees, criminal cases, court system, pleas, criminal justice]Police Resource Allocation 02/01/2002

    By Catherine Bright and John Walker

    Some research has suggested that the association between violent crime and economic hardship is due to the increased frequency of aggressive acts due to frustrations resulting from economic hardship, and the supposedly inherently more violent working class culture. High population density, crowded a [urbanisation, law and order services, police, socioeconomic, population, law enforcement]The Criminal Justice System in New Zealand 02/01/2002

    By Heather Colby

    During this period, in spite of increased expenditure, the provision of 900 more police nationwide; proposals for longer sentences for violent offenders; consultancy reports on possible re-structuring of police and justice; and the setting up of taskforces and commissions to make recommendations [Police, Courts, Community Corrections, Criminal Justice, Departments, Youth justice, law enforcement]Strategic Planning for the Criminal Justice System 02/01/2002

    By Laurie Glanfield

    During the development of the strategic plan there is likely to be much broader strategic planning occurring within individual agencies. These efforts are to be encouraged for the system’s strategic plan will simply assist in providing a cohesive focus for all those groups or individuals working [criminal justice, society, liberty, freedoms, reform]The Need for Strategy in Developing Teamwork Between Agencies of the Criminal Justice System, Health and WelfareAgencies, and the Community 02/01/2002

    By Keith Hamburger

    THIS PAPER UNDERLINES THE NEED FOR A STRATEGY IN DEVELOPING teamwork between agencies of the criminal justice system, health and welfare agencies, and the community. As Director-General of Corrective Services I am in charge of an organisation which receives the final product of the functioning o [teamwork, criminal justice system, health agencies, welfare agencies, community]Strategic Planning and Performance Evaluation for Operational Policing 02/01/2002

    By Jim Hann and Bruce Mortimer

    This paper reviews modern approaches to planning and evaluation, and summarises the key elements of planning in large organisations similar to police services. These elements include the top-down communication of corporate vision, goals and core values, and the involvement of operational staff in [community, government, reform, police services, Planning, Evaluation, law enforcement]Countering Organised Crime Through Strategic Planning and Effective Coordination 02/01/2002

    By William J. Horman

    The concept of task forces, joint task forces or cooperative law enforcement effort are not new- but in recent years there has been far greater consultations communications, cooperation and coordination between the law enforcement and regulatory agencies within Australia. (excerpted from the Auth [transnational organized crime, law enforcement agencies, international, drug trafficking, illicit gambling]Comprehensive Criminal Justice Planning: Successes, Failures and Lessons from the American Experience 02/01/2002

    By John K. Hudzik

    The United States has 17,500 law enforcement agencies, fifty state departments of corrections, a federal department of corrections, and thousands of independently operating gaols. (One state, Michigan, for example, has eighty-three county gaols, each independent of one another and of the Michigan [LEAA, United States, criminal justice, crime, coordination planning]Crime Prevention and Car Theft in New South Wales: A Case Study 02/01/2002

    By Jeff Jarratt

    There were many other actions and concerns identified not detailed in this paper, ranging from the import and export of stolen vehicles through to police practices at the level of the local patrol. Many of these have still to be fully pursued. Indeed not even all those strategies briefly outlined [Motor vehicles, police service, car theft, crime prevention, deterrence, education,, law enforcement]The Relationship Between Police and Other Government Agencies: Recent Changes in Perspective in Queensland 02/01/2002

    By Dianne Jeans

    This paper examines the changing relationships between police and other government agencies, in the context of recent experience in Queensland. Three aspects of the changing relationships are examined: divesting police of extraneous duties; responsibility for all government agencies to consider the [government agencies, police, violent crime, enforcement, law enforcement]Establishing a Ministry of Justice in Western Australia 02/01/2002

    By Denzil McCotter

    With regard to juveniles a spate of high speed chases resulting in the deaths of innocent victims led to vociferous public protest and the very hasty passage of Western Australian’s Crime (Serious and Repeat Offenders) Sentencing Act 1992. This legislation was condemned nationally and internationall [crime rate, public safety, community, Aboriginal justice, victims]Evaluating Family Group Conferences 02/01/2002

    By David Moore

    We have now found what appears to be an adequate psychological counterpart to the sociological theory of reintegrative shaming. Affect theory seems to provide considerable new insights into the processes at work in a family group conference. If the theory is correct, it confirms our intuition that e [family group, police, national, local, juvenile justice, law enforcement]Commonwealth Grants to States and Territories: The Impact of Criminal Justice Services 02/01/2002

    By Robert J. Searle

    THE MAJOR PART OF THIS PAPER IS A DISCUSSION OF THE RECENT WORK of the Commonwealth Grants Commission in deciding on the differences in costs that States and Territories (hereafter referred to as States unless the context indicates otherwise) would incur if they all provided the same level of police [States, Territories, police, corrective services, administration of justice services, law enforcement]Perspectives on the Changing Role of the Judiciary in Coordinating Criminal Justice 02/01/2002

    By Warwick Soden

    This paper discusses the extent of the increasing involvement of the judiciary in coordinating criminal justice and considers some of the reasons for the changing role. It concludes with perceptions about the likely future role of the judiciary in coordinating criminal justice. (excerpted from the A [criminal justice, judiciary, Cost, Delay, Management Model, United States]Developing a National Crime Prevention and Community Safety Policy 02/01/2002

    By Grant Wardlaw & Gillian O’Malley

    This paper proposes a series of steps to enable the community to meet its responsibilities. These centre on a more participative approach to the design and implementation of social programs which impact on the crime environment, whereby agencies deal more interactively with each other in and betw [crime, governments, reallocate, budget, law enforcement]Strategic Issues in Criminal Justice System Management 02/01/2002

    By Don Weatherburn

    In Australia at the moment, preoccupation with measuring correctional output has all but replaced concern with measuring correctional outcome. New sentencing policies are now examined, not from the vantage point of their impact on reoffending rates but solely from the vantage point of their effec [crime, criminal justice, public concern, law, order]The Proper Role of Criminal Law in Road Safety 02/01/2002

    By John Willis

    THIS PAPER SEEKS TO EXAMINE THE MANNER IN WHICH DRINK-DRIVING and certain speeding offences are dealt with in the criminal justice system. This analysis will use Victorian legislation; however many of the features of Victorian legislation have equivalents in other jurisdictions. The focus will be [criminal justice, driving licences, traffic accidents, law enforcement, offences]An Overview of Juvenile Detention in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Lynn Atkinson

    Juvenile detention has been a neglected area. This can be seen both in the limited nature of the hard data available (compared with, say, adult corrections data), and by the fact that issues and problems relating to juvenile detention have been recycled down the generations. We need to remember h [detention centres, training centres, juvenile justice centres, alternatives]In Need of Care: Delinquent Young Women In a Delinquent System 02/01/2002

    By Jenny Bargen

    Are the young women in whose lives “the system” intervenes delinquent? Do the underlying philosophies from which justifications for interventions by “the system” are drawn need more careful and overt articulation? Does the interaction between young women and the system of juvenile justice contribut [young women, reform, juvenile justice, NSW, delinquent]A Profile of Juveniles in NSW Juvenile Justice Centres 02/01/2002

    By Michael Cain

    This paper details the characteristics of juveniles held in NSW juvenile justice centres as at 13 April 1993, and provides a selection of information from a more comprehensive report currently being prepared by the Department of Juvenile Justice1. The larger report is the first in a series of yea [Government, public, media, NSW, sentencing process, juvenile juvenile]Literacy and Youth: An Evaluation of the Literacy Practices of Young People Held In Institutional Care 02/01/2002

    By Trevor H. Cairney, Kaye Lowe, Peter McKenzie and Dina Petrakis

    Literacy has long been recognised as a correlate of self-esteem, attitude to learning and ultimately employment prospects (Cairney 1990a). Increasingly, government reports claim that literacy is linked to our society’s productivity (DEET 1991). Illiteracy has been directly associated with lack of [literacy, illiteracy, detainees, investigation, assessment, written words]Development of a New Zealand National Secure Program For Sentenced Offenders Aged Between 14 and 17 Years 02/01/2002

    By Peter Campbell and Liz Nielsen

    THIS PAPER DESCRIBES HOW THE NEW ZEALAND CHILDREN & Young Persons Service is responding to the need to provide secure custody for sentenced offenders aged between 14 and 17 years of age.It outlines the situation in New Zealand in the 1980s prior to the Children Young Persons and their Families Act b [Families Act, law, young offenders, program, murder]Management Within Youth Detention Centres in Victoria 02/01/2002

    By Vaughan Duggan

    THIS PAPER DESCRIBES A NUMBER OF KEY INITIATIVES THAT THE Victorian Department of Health and Community Services (HCS) has introduced to ensure youth detention centres are better managed. (excerpted by the Author) [HCS, youth, detention centres, management, males, females]Managing Cultural Diversity: the NSW Experience 02/01/2002

    By Ian Graham

    This paper profiles the ethnic and cultural backgrounds of young people who were in detention during the period 1 January 1991 to 31 May 1993 and focusses on the challenges and opportunities for the Department of Juvenile Justice in the effective and culturally appropriate management of one parti [young people, social traditions, personal histories, customs, cultural values, religious beliefs]Individual Casework in Juvenile Justice Centres 02/01/2002

    By Liam Guilfoyle

    There are many people working with juveniles who lack understanding of what might be achieved using a casework approach to the management of juveniles in custody. For example, the use of casework as a management tool by youth workers requires an understanding of human development, communication a [juvenile justice, educational, vocational, recreational, programs]Secure Detention of Young People in Residences in New Zealand 02/01/2002

    By David J. Harvey

    It is the purpose of this paper to describe the circumstances in which young people in residences may be detained in secure care. This paper also briefly discusses the nature of a residence and its purpose, the overriding principles of the Children, Young Persons and Their Families Act 1989 and t [Young Persons, confinement, offenders, imprisonment,detention]Approaches to the Psychological Treatment of Juveniles in Detention 02/01/2002

    By Timothy Keogh

    Prior to reviewing the research findings concerning the effectiveness of psychological approaches to the remediation of delinquency and associated crime, it is important to state that it is not claimed that all criminal behaviour is seen to emanate from psychological disturbance¾ though some migh [Adolescence, Juvenile, treatment, detention, adult]Detention: Last Resort or Another Step in the Rehabilitation Process? 02/01/2002

    By Chris McRobert

    Juveniles sentenced to custody are likely to experience a degree of social stigma resulting from their incarceration. If this flows from community perceptions of their criminal behaviour, the result is probably inevitable, but if the stigma flows from the detention per se, there is a need for com [Juvenile Justice, young offenders, institution, social stigma, criminal behaviour,]Alternatives to Secure Detention For Girls 02/01/2002

    By Elizabeth Moore

    It is widely acknowledged that the last resort of secure custody may not assist young people to achieve a fulfilling and law abiding lifestyle. While physical containment temporarily protects them from risks associated with their lifestyle it exposes them to different risks associated with incarc [juvenile crime, women offenders, prison, programs, assistance]Detention as a Last Resort: End of the Line or a New Beginning? 02/01/2002

    By Laurie Myers

    THE MOTIVATION FOR THIS PAPER HAD ITS GENESIS IN THE PROCESS of change in juvenile justice policy, which saw detention centres, after being acceptable as the mainstay of juvenile justice for decades, suddenly become the “last resort”, and the work of the staff appeared to be devalued and marginal [juvenile justice, detention centers, policy, young people, AIC]High Tariff Interventions With Young Offenders in Australia and the Region: Some Proposals for Research 02/01/2002

    By Lloyd Owen

    This paper reports on the background thinking and some preliminary activity associated with some proposed social research. It concerns high tariff intervention principally through juvenile justice dispositions and programs designed for use with ten to seventeen-year-old offenders. (excerpted from th [juvenile justice, offenders, high tariff, court, supervision, custody]Directions For the Future 02/01/2002

    By

    A brief summarization of the ‘National Conference on Juvenile Detention’ and the debate between its Panel members on detention as an effective rehabilitation tool. [Juvenile detention, panel, conference, debate, future agenda ]Vocational Education and Training in Victoria’s Youth Training Centres 02/01/2002

    By Ron Wilson

    Although this paper will not investigate the intricacies of change management it is acknowledged that the planning, implementing and evaluation of programs and their delivery in institutions must recognise and address a range of complex issues. In terms of vocational education and training for yo [custody, young people, education, programs]Prosecuting the Crown For Environmental Offences 02/01/2002

    By Andrew Beatty

    This paper is not the appropriate forum to debate the utility of the traditional forms of punishment for environmental crimes (fines and threats of imprisonment). Nonetheless, having set out the arguments of those who are not convinced that the Crown should be treated in the same way as other env [Crown, prosecution, offenses, environmental, environmental criminals]Bill of Rights Legislation As a Sanction Against Environmental Offenders 02/01/2002

    By Peter Breen

    Environmental law and human rights law have enjoyed a parallel, if sometimes contradictory, history. Human rights law originated with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, while environmental values came to be regarded as relevant about the same time. (excerpted from the author) [community rights, individuals’ rights, civil rights, political rights, human rights]Problems With Defending Crimes Against the Environment 02/01/2002

    By Philip Clifford and Sharon Ivey

    Individuals or companies who wantonly and wilfully damage the environment or who are grossly negligent ought to be punished. Those are propositions which are unlikely to meet with much resistance. Like other areas of law which affect public health and safety, the environment ought to be subject to r [environment,public health,safety,regulatory control, police,enforce,protection, law enforcement]The Environmental Audit as a “Sanction” or Incentive Under the Victorian Environental Protection Act of 1970 02/01/2002

    By Sandra Edmonds

    Like other environmental legislation in Australia, the framework of the Victorian Environment Protection Act 1970 assures the use of environmental audits in various forms. However, this Act is unique in using environmental audits as a sanction in certain circumstances. The rationale for the use of t [Environmental legislation, audits, industries, compliance records, EPA]Enforcing Laws in a Remote Location: Antarctica 02/01/2002

    By Wendy Fletcher

    A report by Wendy Fletcher about Enforcing Laws for Environmental Protection in Antarctica, despite the fact that there is no population and therefore no law enforcement agency to enforce these laws should a heinous act against the environment occur. [Antarctica, remote, laws, protection, environment, enforce]The Intergovernmental Agreement on the Environment and Proposals for Uniform Offences and Penalties 02/01/2002

    By R. J. Fowler

    A report by R. J. Fowler about the Intergovernmental Agreement to set environmental protection measures in accordance with Australian Environmental Laws. [environmental laws, Australia, commonwealth, state, governments]Corporate Criminal Liability 02/01/2002

    By Matthew Goode

    This paper suggests the codification of environmental offences is an important goal of good criminal and social policy, but that the issue of corporate criminal liability needs to be addressed in an innovative way that does criminal justice to the corporate form and that, if we are to have serious c [criminal, company, corporation, common law, guilty]Empowering the Public: Information Strategies and Environment Protection 02/01/2002

    By Neil Gunningham

    The theme of this paper is the importance of information in achieving effective environmental policy making and environmental protection. Its particular focus is on toxic substances and chemical hazards. [Information, environmental policy, environmental protection, toxic substances, chemical hazards]Criminal Responsibility in Relation to Offences in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park 02/01/2002

    By Darin Honchin

    This paper is directly concerned with offences against the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act 1975 (Cwlth) (hereafter referred to as GBRMPA). This Act deals directly with the establishment, control, care and development of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. (excerpted from the Author) [Crime, criminal responsibility, common law, statute law, persons]Recent Developments in Environmental Criminal Law in New South Wales 02/01/2002

    By Josephine Kelly

    The volume of pollution prosecutions being commenced in the criminal jurisdiction of the Land and Environment Court has declined and will probably not return to the levels of 1989 to 1992 (for the reasons for this see chapter in this volume by Mr Justice Stein). Nevertheless, the awareness and co [environmental law, statutes, pollution control, prosecutions]Old Wine in New Bottles: Difficulties on the Application of General Principles of Criminal Law to Environmental Law 02/01/2002

    By Zada Lipman

    This paper will consider the difficulties in the application of general principles of criminal law to environmental law. These difficulties will be discussed in relation to the New South Wales Environmental Offences and Penalties Act 1989 (EOPA). The focus of the paper will be on the application [environmental legislation, crime, mens rea, offences, criminal law]Practical Difficulties in Prosecuting Environmental Offenders 02/01/2002

    By Steven Molino

    This paper explores the practical difficulties of obtaining environmental evidence and then of using it to prosecute environmental offenders.(excerpted from “Practical Difficulties in Prosecuting Environmental Offenders” by Steven Molino) [criminal sanctions, environmental offenders, evidence, prosecution]Citizen Suits: Tools For Improving Compliance With Environmental Laws 02/01/2002

    By David Mossop

    A report by David Mossop on Australia’s reluctance to use citizen suits as a means of improving compliance with environmental laws, despite the fact that citizen suits have proven effective elsewhere. [citizen suits, laws, environmental protection, government, bureaucracy]Australian Pollution Laws: Offences, Penalties and Regulatory Agencies 02/01/2002

    By Jennifer Norberry

    The purpose of this paper is to breifly examine offence and penalty provisions in Australian State and Territory environmental pollution legislation; then to describe a number of recent reviews of Australian environmental protection laws and their likely impacts on offence and penalty provisions. La [Australia, Pollution laws, State and Territory, offence provisions, penalty provisions]Criminal Law and Environmental Protection: Overview of Issues and Themes 02/01/2002

    By Nicola Pain

    This paper focuses on the pollution control laws within the environmental protection law family in order to discuss the role of criminal law and the general issues and themes which arise in environment protection. (abstract excerpted from ‘Criminal Law and Environmental Protection: Overview of Issue [environmental protection, law, criminal law, Community, system of regulation]Prosecution Guidelines: A Commentary 02/01/2002

    By Dorelle Pinch

    A commentary by Dorelle Pinch about the purpose of publishing Prosecution guidelines, including the EPA’s role in the prosecution and how appropriate charges and defendants are selected. [prosecution, guidelines, public comment, industry groups, environmental legislation]Self-Regulation 02/01/2002

    By Ian A. Prince

    By the turn of the century, environmental knowledge will extend from the start of the supply chain to the end of the chain including the use and final disposal of the product and beyond. All supply, service and purchase contracts will feature environmental performance obligations and guarantees a [ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE, business industry, manufacturing industry,environmental responsibilities]The Nature of Environmental Crime 02/01/2002

    By Brian Robinson

    The future direction of environment protection is clearly established in international treaties, conventions and protocols, in national agreements and proposed national laws, and in the policies, processes and statutes of State agencies. In particular the principles of ecologically sustainable de [Environmental laws, protection, water supplies, soil fertility, human health, environmental crime]Innovative Enforcement Mechanisms in the United States 02/01/2002

    By Mark Squillace

    A report by Mark Squillace about Environmental crime in the United States and the Innovative ways the US is going about protecting the environment by making large corporations and the like pay fees incurred by such parties within a carefully sanctioned area, protected from acts of environmental crim [Environmental crime, violations, criminal sanctions, civil sanctions, environmental laws]The role of the NSW Land and Environment Court in Environmental Crime 02/01/2002

    By Paul Stein

    An Article by Paul Stein for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Environmental Crime and the role the NSW Land and Environment Court plays in factoring in instances of Environmental crime. [Environment, pollution, protection, control, offences, NSW]Tasmanian Approaches to Environmental Offences 02/01/2002

    By Richard Bingham and Ian Woodward

    A report by Richard Bingham and Ian Woodward for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Tasmanian approaches to Environmental offences. [Environment, pollution, protection, control, offences]Blaming the Victim: Domestic Violence and the Codependency Model 02/01/2002

    By GREG DEAR

    A report by Greg Dear for the Australian Institute of Criminology about the treatment of Victims of domestic violence, blaming them and calling them codependents in the instance that a spouse is a drug abuser. [alcoholic husbands, chemical dependent, drug addicts, Violence Against Women, domestic violence]Decisions Not to Report Sexual Assault in Japan 02/01/2002

    By JOHN DUSSICH, YOSHIKO FUJIWARA and ASAMI SAGISAKA

    A report by John Dussich, Yoshiko Fijuwara and Asami Sagsaka for the Australian Bureau of Statistics about Decisions Not to Report Sexual Assault in Japan. [women, home makers, mothers, Sexual assaults, rape, Violence Against Women]Victim Impact Statements in South Australia 02/01/2002

    By EDNA EREZ, LEIGH ROEGER & MICHAEL O CONNELL

    A report by Edna Erez, Leigh Roeger and Michael O” Connell for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Victim impact statements in South Australia. [VIS, court, physical harm, mental harm, victim]Criminal Injuries Compensation for Domestic Sexual Assault: Obstructing the Oppressed 02/01/2002

    By IAN FRECKELTON

    A report by IAN FRECKELTON for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Criminal Injuries Compensation for Domestic Sexual Assault and the Obstruction of the Oppressed. [compensation, Legislation, applicants, victims, sums awarded, violence against women, domestic sexual assault, domestic violence]Use of Official Statistics and Crime Survey Data in Determining Violence Against Women 02/01/2002

    By JULIE GARDNER

    A report by Julie Gardner for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Use of Official Statistics and Crime Survey Data in Determining Violence Against Women. [victimization, official statistics, crime survey data, violence against women]Towards a New Millennium in Victim Assistance 02/01/2002

    By MATTHEW GOODE

    A report by Matthew Goode about Stalking legislation in Australia. The issue has recieved attention because of scandal and extensive American literature. [stalking, harassing, threatening, intimidating, crime, restraining orders, violence against women]Conflicts of Victims’ Interests and Offenders’ Rights in the Criminal Justice System: A European Perspective 02/01/2002

    By MARC GROENHUIJSEN

    A report by Marc Groenhuijsen about the Conflicts of Victims’ interests, in regards to the decision as to whether some circumstances of crime allow the Offender the same rights. [criminal justice system, suspected criminal, victims, convictions, rights]No Exit: Violence, Gender and the Streets 02/01/2002

    By SUZANNE E. HATTY, NANETTE J DAVIS & STUART BURKE

    Very little of this public discourse on youth homelessness is informed by a comprehensive knowledge of the backgrounds and experiences of the young people who live on the city’s streets. This paper will attempt to fill this vacuum in public and professional knowledge. (abstract by SUZANNE E [Homelessness, youth, Homeless Youth Allowance, domestic disharmony, scrutiny]Preventing Criminal Victimisation: The Case for an Intersectoral Response to Victimisation: A South Australian Perspective 02/01/2002

    By David Hunt

    This paper acknowledges the need to develop and implement creative ways to help solve criminal victimisation and related issues (including the alleviation or elimination of secondary victimisation). This view is predicated on the belief that criminal justice agencies and other service providers need [police, criminal justice system, neglect, crime victims, support, law enforcement]Attitudes to Victims: Issues for Medicine, the Law and Society 02/01/2002

    By ALEXANDER MCFARLANE

    A paper by Alexander McFarlane about the attitudes towards victims by the legal system, and the lack of understanding by authorities and doctors of the trauma many victims sustain. McFarlane goes on to say that this problem goes as far back as the first World War. [attitudes, victims, compensation, legal system, society]Compensating crime victims within New Zealand’s No Fault Accident Compensation Scheme: The Advantages and Disadvantages 02/01/2002

    By JOHN MILLER

    A report by John Miller about The Accident Compensation system, and how, under law any victim of an accident, whether it be self-inflicted or otherwise is eligible for compensation upon proof that he/she is infact injured. [compensation, personal injury, insurance, ACC, accident victim]Group Work with Victims of Crime: Mutual Aid in Practice 02/01/2002

    By JOHN OLIPHANT

    This is a paper by John Oliphant about how Group work can help victims of crime, especially children who are victims of sexual abuse. [VOCS, South Australia,Group work, Victims, Children]The Victims of Pyramid Sales Schemes and Remedies in Japan 02/01/2002

    By TATSUYA OTA

    Recently, pyramid sales schemes have been proliferating once again in Japan. A pyramid sales scheme varies in structure and size, but can be generally characterised as a plan or scheme in which each participant expects to make a vast amount of profits from commissions and bonuses by recruiting ad [pyramid sales, schemes, Japan, structure and size, goods, services or membership, victims]Preventing Re-Victimisation: The South Australian Experience 02/01/2002

    By ANDREW PATERSON

    This paper describes some of the basic requirements of systems that set out to meet victims’ needs in ways that prevent re-victimisation. These issues can be reduced to ten key points. (abstract from aic.gov.au) [re-victimisation, prevention, victim driven, organisations, professional groups]Violence Against Women Under China’s Economic Modernisation: Resurgence of Women Trafficking in China 02/01/2002

    By XIN REN

    A report by Xin Ren about the resurfacing of human trafficking in China its victims: Women and children who are abducted and sold on the black. This is a practice with roots stretching as far back as antiquity. [trafficking, women, children, abduction, black market, Violence Against Women]Preventing Peer Victimisation in Schools 02/01/2002

    By KEN RIGBY

    A report by Ken Rigby about abused children who are the victims of other children. It is often reported that children are the victims of bullies although bullying isn’t considered an outright crime, which sheds new light on victimization in schools; the causes and effects. [children, victimization, bullies, crime, peers, schools]Response of Health Professions to Domestic Violence in Emergency Departments 02/01/2002

    By GWENNETH ROBERTS

    A report by Gwenneth Roberts about Domestic Violence Victims who turn to health care professionals for assistance rather than friends and family members, which give health professionals a new role with patients who are victims of abuse. [Domestic violence, Heathcare professionals, abuse, friends and family, Emergency Department, Violence Against Women]Domestic Violence: Towards a New Theoretical Approach 02/01/2002

    By SUSHMA SOOD

    The discussion in this paper is confined to four major types of domestic violence: wife-battering, wife burning, exploitation and humiliation of widows, and child abuse. Data on each of these four types were collected through an empirical study in selected cities from one state in western India. [India, Myths, wife-battering, widows, child abuse, status, power, sex, domestic violence, Violence Against Women]Looking Back, Looking Forward: Two Decades and Shifting Perspectives on Familial Violence 02/01/2002

    By ELIZABETH A. STANKO

    The feminist movements around the world over the past twenty years gave voice to outrage and concern over widespread ‘hidden’ familial violence. Feminist work on violence against women has forced recognition of the difference between what we now define as violence and how little of it [violence, women, crime, familial violence, feminist movements, outrage, Violence Against Women]The Commercialism of Women’s Fear of Crime 02/01/2002

    By ELIZABETH A. STANKO

    Over the past few years, women have come to occupy a central position in police discourse about public safety. In England and Wales, for example, concern about women’s safety has spurred the Home Office, the police, and local authorities to issue safety advice to women. (abstract from aic.g [women, police, public safety, England and Wales, home office, local authorities, Violence Against Women, law enforcement]International Victimology Symposium Introduction: President’s Opening Address 02/01/2002

    By

    An introduction to the International Victimology Symposium addressing the issue of victims on trial and in opposition to victims as third parties. [Victims, Offenders, Symposium, Courts, Justice system]Gay Homicides: Activism, Victims and Law and Order 02/01/2002

    By STEVE TOMSEN

    Since the late 1980s, there have been claims of a marked increase in violence directed against lesbians and gay men in various nations including Australia (Herek & Berrill 1992; Mason 1993). Because these attacks have only very recently become a focus of police attention or researchers’ int [lesbians, gay men, police attention, activists, protest rallies, publicity, law enforcement]Crime and Victim Surveys 02/01/2002

    By JAN J.M. VAN DIJK

    Many mass media commentators and politicians assert that the public demands a tougher policy on crime in response to rising rates of violent crime. In this discourse, crime victims feature as the prime supporters of a tough policy on crime. (abstract from aic.gov.au) [mass media, commentators, politicians, crime, victims, policy]Homophobia, Hate and Violence Against Lesbians and Gays in NSW: An Overview of Some Studies 02/01/2002

    By PAUL VAN REYK

    A report by Paul Van Reyk for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Homophobia and the violence that plagues lesbians and gays, and the studies that work to understand the epidemic. [Lesbians, gays, violence, hate, homophobia]The Implications of Victim-Oriented Developments in the Criminal Justice System for Vemale Victims 02/01/2002

    By KATE WARNER

    This paper focuses on a number of victim oriented developments which impact on women in particular. The feminist movement has been identified as influencing the shift in focus from the offender to the victim along with such factors as a disillusionment with rehabilitation, victim surveys, the inc [Victim, women, feminist movement, offender, disillusionment, rehabilitation,]The Promise of Crime Prevention: Leading Crime Prevention Programs 02/01/2002

    By Peter Grabosky and Marianne James

    The success of crime prevention programs is dependent on a number of factors, not least of which is the commitment of the various agencies and people involved, and the careful coordination of their efforts. The case studies included in The Promise of Crime Prevention have all had some measure of suc [crime prevention, programs ]Money Laundering in the 21st Century: Risks and Countermeasures 02/01/2002

    By

    Money laundering is a silent crime. It crosses international boundaries leaving in its wake no obvious victims, no lethal weapons and usually no witnesses. Modern technology has led to new avenues to disguise the proceeds of crime. (abstract from aic.gov.au) [Money laundering, crime, International, victims, technology ]Violence Prevention in Practice: Australian Award-winning Programs 02/01/2002

    By Compiled by Jane Mugford and Diana Nelson

    Australian communities are taking action in many ways to reduce levels of violence in Australian society. The projects described in this volume are drawn from the projects included in the Australian Violence Prevention Award Program between 1992 and 1995. (abstract from aic.gov.au) [Australian communities, violence, society]Violent Deaths and Firearms in Australia: Data and Trends 02/01/2002

    By Satyanshu Mukherjee and Carlos Carcach

    This publication presents data about firearms deaths and violent deaths, and examines some trends over the past eighty years. It aims to assist in the better understanding of the relationship between violent death and use of firearms in Australia. (abstract from aic.gov.au) [firearms deaths, violent deaths, Australia]Protecting Superannuation from Criminal Exploitation 02/01/2002

    By Adam Graycar

    These papers comprise the formal presentations at a conference entitled “Superannuation Crime” held in 1996. They cover a range of preventive and detective approaches to superannuation crime. They include broad overviews as well as specifics such as the perspectives of police, the National Crime Aut [Superannuation Crime, preventive approaches, detective approaches, police, auditors , law enforcement]Violence Against Women in Australia: Key Research and Data Issues 02/01/2002

    By Judy Putt and Karl Higgins

    The 1995 Violence Against Women Indicators Project (VAWIP) comprehensively reviewed research, data and information relating to violence against women. This report on the activities of the first year of VAWIP presents summaries of Australian research, the data currently available (including a list of [VAWIP, research, statistics, Violence Against Women]Indicators of Aggressive Behaviour 02/01/2002

    By David McDonald and Melanie Brown

    As one of the Government’s responses to the massacre at Port Arthur in 1966, an Expert Working Party was asked by the Federal Government to examine current evidence and determine whether causal links exist between aggressive and self-harmful behaviour on the one hand and a rang of health, social and [1966 Port Arthur massacre, aggressive behaviour, self-harmful behaviour, policy responses]National Police Custody Survey August 1995 02/01/2002

    By Carlos Carcach and David McDonald

    This report of the third National Police Custody Survey, which was a joint venture between the Australian Institute of Criminology and police services throughout Australia, records data and information on those in police custody during the month of August 1995. It covers the following variables: age [police custody, data, age, gender, Aboriginality, law enforcement]Australian Deaths in Custody and Custody-related Police Operations 1996 02/01/2002

    By Vicki Dalton

    This report covers the incidence of 1996 deaths in all custodial settings and then discusses deaths in police custody and custody-related police operations separately, followed by prison deaths. The report concludes with a discussion of trends in custodial deaths. The second part of the report provi [deaths, custodial settings, police custody, police operations, prison deaths, trends , law enforcement]Juvenile Crime and Justice, Australia 1997 02/01/2002

    By Satyanshu Mukherjee, Carlos Carcach, and Karl Higgins

    There is a lack of basic statistics and information on many aspects of juvenile crime in Australia. This volume attempts to make a contribution towards understanding youth crime by bringing together data from different sources and, without trying to interpret, offers readers different perspectives. [juvenile crime, Australia, statistical data, jurisdictions]Paedophilia: Policy & Prevention 02/01/2002

    By Marianne James

    This collection consists of papers given at the Australian Institute of Criminology’s Sydney conference on the topic of paedophilia in April 1997. The speakers explore various interpretations of paedophilia and aim to generate ideas that will contribute to the practical formulation of policy and pre [pedophilia, policy and prevention, reporting, investigation, prosecution and defence, public education, treating offenders]Homicide in Australia 1989-96 02/01/2002

    By Marianne James and Carlos Carcach

    Using data collected as part of the Institute’s National Homicide Monitoring Program, the authors present an analysis of homicide trends covering seven years and 2226 homicide incidents. Chapters cover incident characteristics, victim characteristics, offender profiles, the social relationship betwe [homicide trends, incident characteristics, victim characteristics, offender profiles]Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice: Toward 2000 and Beyond 02/01/2002

    By Christine Alder

    The crisis in juvenile justice which has led to the reduced availability of services to assist troubled young people in Australia was discussed at the conference where the papers in this book were presented. Specific issues examined include: the effectiveness of particular juvenile justice programs; [juvenile justice, juvenile recidivism, criminalisation, incarceration, Aboriginal people ]Repeat Victimisation in Australia: Extent, Correlates and Implications for Crime Prevention 02/01/2002

    By Satyanshu Mukherjee and Carlos Carcach

    This report discusses the extent and relevance of repeat victimisation in Australia, and how individuals and households that suffer from repeat victimisation are similar to, or different from, single incident victims. The geographical distribution of repeat victimisation is examined, as well as the [repeat victimisation, Australia, individuals, households, geographic distribution]Proceedings of Roundtable on Sentencing and Indigenous Peoples 02/01/2002

    By Rick Sarre and Digby Wilson

    This roundtable was developed from the need to review sentencing practices in relation to Indigenous people, and in particular to revisit the processes which led to Indigenous people being incarcerated at a much higher rate than non Indigenous people. The papers discuss the adequacy of consideration [sentencing practices, Indigenous people, incarcerated, non custodial sentences]Best Practice in Fraud Prevention 12/01/1998

    By Russell G. Smith

    Strategies and programs which have been devised to prevent criminal fraud perpetrated against both individuals and organisations are considered. The paper examines eight areas: fraud awareness and education; management of fraud control; personnel monitoring; transaction monitoring; improvements in p [criminal fraud, prevention, individuals, organizations, cybercrime]Reducing Violence in Licensed Venues: Community Safety Action Projects 12/01/1998

    By Marg Hauritz, Ross Homel, Gillian McIlwain, Tamara Burrows and Michael Townsley

    The aims of this paper are to describe a series of community safety action projects in three North Queensland cities, and to report their results. These projects had as their major objective improvements in the safety of the environments in and around licensed venues in the central city entertainmen [community safety, projects, Queensland cities ]Zero Tolerance Policing 12/01/1998

    By P N Grabosky

    The term zero tolerance is interpreted differently and used widely within the public arena. Grabosky outlines how the terminology was coined and implemented in the United States before examining its Australian historical context. He discusses the complexities associated with adopting zero policing a [zero tolerance, terminology, implementation in United States, Australian historical context]Prison Homicides in Australia: 1980 to 1998 01/01/1999

    By Vicki Dalton

    Fifty six homicides that have occurred in Australian prisons are documented. The paper contains preliminary analysis of ongoing work in the area of prison homicides, and further detailed analysis and research will consider some of these findings, specifically addressing issues of apparent motives le [homicides, Australian prisons, motives, victim impulsiveness, gang issues ]International Traffic in Small Arms: An Australian Perspective 02/01/1999

    By Jenny Mouzos

    In order to regulate the traffic of firearms at an international level, it is necessary to begin by regulating it at both a regional and national level. This paper highlights international strategies aimed at curbing the proliferation of firearms into Australia. (Abstract from aic.gov.au) [firearms, trafficking, regulating, international level, regional level, national level, ]Australian Deaths in Custody and Custody-Related Police Operations, 1998 03/01/1999

    By Vicki Dalton

    This report updates information on 1997 deaths in custody and longer term custodial death trends, highlighting some noticeable changes that have occurred during 1998. It presents demographic details of 1998 deaths, including: custodial authority; Aboriginality and jurisdiction; age; offences; legal [custodial death trends, demographics, custodial authority, Aboriginality, offences, legal status, bail]Industrial Espionage: Criminal or Civil Remedies 03/01/1999

    By Gillian Dempsey

    Dempsey discusses whether existing Australian legal safeguards against industrial espionages are adequate, or whether the greater use of criminal sanctions, such as those introduced in the United States of America, might be more appropriate. She balances a number of considerations, including deterre [legal safeguards, Australia, industrial espionages, criminal sanctions, deterrence]The Deaths of Offenders Serving Community Corrections Orders 03/01/1999

    By David Biles, Richard Harding and John Walker

    The study discussed in this report shows that offenders serving community corrections orders, particularly parole, have a higher probability of death than those in prison, who in turn are more likely to die than people of the same age and gender in the broader community. The authors identify risks f [offenders, community corrections orders, parole, death, prison]Juvenile Offending: Specialisation or Versatility 04/01/1999

    By Carlos Carcach and Simon Leverett

    Offence specialisation among juvenile offenders in New South Wales is examined by considering a number of questions. These include: do juvenile offenders tend to commit the same type of offence, or consistently switch between offences over the course of their offending careers; and do patterns of ju [juvenile offenders, New South Wales, patterns of juvenile offenders ]Linking Drugs and Criminal Activity: Developing an Integrated Monitoring System 04/01/1999

    By Toni Makkai

    Illicit drug policy often suffers from poor data. As a result, where limited resources should be invested and what differences they make in the long run are often the product of a hunch rather than fact. This paper seeks first to examine the utility of national statistical collections; second, to fo [Illicit drug policy, poor data, research collections, policy makers]Law Enforcement and Illicit Drug Control 04/01/1999

    By Adam Graycar, Diana Nelson and Mick Palmer

    A range of options for possible consideration by governments in their law enforcement responses to illicit drug use are presented. These include: high level drug trafficking control; drug seizure; multi-agency supply reduction approaches; street level control; police crackdowns; community policing; [governments, drugs and crime, drug trafficking, police crackdowns, strategies, law enforcement]Defrauding Governments in the Twenty-first Century 04/01/1999

    By Russell G. Smith

    Governments throughout the developed world have found that considerable benefits can be derived from delivering services electronically. This paper examines how these developments can be put to improper use and how the growing use of computer technologies by government agencies will create additiona [Governments, delivering services electronically, computer technologies, illegal and fraudulent conduct ]The Rehabilitation of Offenders: International Perspectives Applied to Australian Correctional Systems 05/01/1999

    By Kevin Howells and Andrew Day

    The rehabilitation of offenders is being seen as an important topic by correctional departments in Australia, following a period in the 1970s and 1980s when there was widespread disillusionment with the notion. This paper examines the reasons for the resurgence of interest in the field of offender r [rehabilitation of offenders, correctional departments, Australia, resurgence of interest in rehabilitation]Abuse of Older People: Crime or Family Dynamics? 05/01/1999

    By Pamela Kinnear and Adam Graycar

    About 4.6 percent of older people are victims of physical, sexual or financial abuse, perpetrated mostly by family members and those who are in a duty of care relationship with the victim. This paper discusses whether criminal acts such as assault, sexual assault and theft should be redefined as abu [older people, victims, physical abuse, sexual abuse, financial abuse, family menbers, Violence Against Women]Electronic Medicare Fraud: Current and Future Risks 05/01/1999

    By Russell G. Smith

    The Health Insurance Commission makes considerable use of computers in carrying out the claiming and payment operations related to Medicare. This paper examines the nature and extent of current forms of fraud and inappropriate practice in relation to Medicare. Smith discusses whether future technolo [Health Insurance Commission, computers, claims, payment operations, Medicare, fraud ]Elderly Inmates: Issues for Australia 05/01/1999

    By Anna Grant

    Elderly inmates are increasing both in number and as a percentage of correctional populations. This paper examines the types of offenders that comprise the older inmate group within Australian correctional systems, firstly discussing the factors affecting the increase of older inmates in prisons, th [Increase of Elderly inmates, Australia, correctional systems, prisons]Firearm-Related Violence: The Impact of the Nationwide Agreement on Firearms 05/01/1999

    By Jenny Mouzos

    The preliminary findings outlined in this paper seem to indicate that there has been a decline in firearm related death rates (essentially in firearm related suicides) in most jurisdictions in Australia. There is also preliminary evidence that firearms may be being displaced by other methods or weap [firearm related death rates, suicides, Australia, weapons, violence, misuse]Ethnicity and Crime 05/01/1999

    By Satyanshu Mukherjee

    Recent criminological literature shows that socioeconomic disadvantage and disorganised communities contribute to a neighbourhood’s crime problem. The literature also shows that new immigrants may suffer these disadvantages and inherit disorganised communities more often than others. This paper prov [criminological literature, socioeconomic disadvantage, disorganized communities, crime, immigrants,ethnicity and crime ]What is Forensic Computing? 06/01/1999

    By Rodney McKemmish

    The application of computer technology to the investigation of computer based crime has given rise to the field of forensic computing. This is the process of identifying, preserving, analysing and presenting digital evidence in a manner that is legally acceptable. This paper provides an overview of [computer technology, computer based crime, forensic computing, identifying, preserving, analysing, digital evidence ]The Spatial Clustering of Child Maltreatment: Are Micro-social Environments Involved? 06/01/1999

    By Tony Vinson and Eileen Baldry

    Children are vulnerable to maltreatment, and understanding the social environment within which that maltreatment occurs is one step towards developing preventive measures. This paper shows that instances of maltreatment are clustered by variables such as neighbourhood cohesion, the levels of trust a [Children, social environment, preventive measures, maltreatment, trust and distrust]Deaths in Private Prisons 1990-99: A Comparative Study 06/01/1999

    By David Biles and Vicki Dalton

    A number of deaths have raised the issue of whether private prisons are more dangerous for inmates at risk. This paper examines numbers of deaths both in absolute terms and in terms of rates per 1000 prisoners per year. The paper shows that: public and private prisons have similar death rates for al [deaths, private prisons, public prisons, inmates at risk, suicide]Nigerian Advance Fee Fraud 07/01/1999

    By Russell G. Smith, Michael N. Holmes and Philip Kaufman

    Publicity has recently been given to the problem of advance fee fraud, particularly involving a group of Nigerian nationals. This paper examines the nature of this phenomenon, explains the reasons behind its development and investigates the way in which its occurrence has escalated. It also examines [Advance fee fraud, Nigerian nationals, traditional law enforcement measures ]Implementing Communities That Care in Australia: A Community Mobilisation Approach to Crime Prevention 07/01/1999

    By John W. Toumbourou

    Communities That Care is one program for coordinating local crime prevention efforts that has proved to be useful in wide scale implementation in the United States. The program is a community wide risk focused prevention strategy based on research on predictors of health and behaviour problems. This [Communities that Care Program, crime prevention, implementation in U.S., health and behaviour problems]Capacity-Building in Law Enforcement 07/01/1999

    By David H. Bayley

    Trends in contemporary law enforcement around the world are discussed, paying special attention to recommendations for successful crime control. Bayley highlights the increase in the use of private security services and how that overlaps with public policing and changes its role. He also refers to t [law enforcement, recommendations for crime control, private security services, public policing, community policing]Femicide: An Overview of Major Findings 08/01/1999

    By Jenny Mouzos

    An overview of the major findings of a larger study of the intentional killing of adult women is presented. Data showing trends in the homicide of females, the context of femicide, and factors associated with the occurrence of femicide are provided. Mouzos also makes a comparison between men and wom [homicide, femicide, women-crimes against, violence against women]Strategies for Managing Suicide and Self-harm in Prisons 08/01/1999

    By Morag McArthur, Peter Camilleri and Honey Webb

    Previous research has consistently shown that suicide is the leading cause of death in Australian prisons. This paper provides a summary of current program initiatives and strategies for minimising self harm that are operating in Australian prisons. (abstract from aic.gov.au) [suicide, prison death, Australian prisons, initiatives and strategies, self harm ]Suicide in Prison 1980 to 1998: National Overview 08/01/1999

    By Vicki Dalton

    A preliminary analysis of suicide in Australian prisons over the past 19 years is contained in this paper. Dalton examines the incidence of prison death and suicide, rates of prison death and suicide, suicide in the community, manner and causes of prison deaths, and a national overview and state com [suicide, Australian prisons, prison death, manner and cause of deaths, national overview ]Organisations as Victims of Fraud, and How They Deal with It 09/01/1999

    By Russell G. Smith

    How organisations respond to commercial crime is the focus of this paper. It identifies the scope of the problem and details a number of ways in which those who manage organisations are best able to deal with it. Smith considers why fraud should be reported to the authorities and describes ways in w [commercial crime, organisations, fraud, report economic crimes, police, law enforcement]Revictimisation: Reducing the Heat on Hot Victims 09/01/1999

    By Ken Pease and Gloria Laycock

    Drawing primarily on data collected in Great Britain, this paper emphasises why a focal point for effective crime prevention is the hot dot, the victim who repeatedly suffers crime. Two basic reasons help explain the occurrence of repeat victimisation: risk assessment by offenders, and the fact that [data, crime prevention, repeat victimisation, offenders]Identity-Related Economic Crime: Risks and Countermeasures 09/01/1999

    By Russell G. Smith

    In the past, identity was more easily verifiable as people conducted most of their transactions in person. Since the development of electronic communications technologies this is not the case. The difficulty in establishing a person’s identity with certainty is an advantage to criminals, as they are [identity, criminals, fabricate documents, fraud,modern technologies]Imprisonment in Australia 09/01/1999

    By Carlos Carcach and Anna Grant

    This paper examines trends in prison populations and imprisonment rates in Australia and its jurisdictions, during the 17 years from 1982 to 1998. The analysis aims to identify major trends in imprisonment during the period, as well as the factors underlying these trends. It points to significant di [prison populations, trends, imprisonment rates, Australia, jurisdictions]Aboriginal Deaths in Prison 1980 to 1998: National Overview 10/01/1999

    By Vicki Dalton, assisted by Robyn Edwards

    Data from the Deaths in Custody Monitoring Program is examined to determine Aboriginal custodial mortality since 1980. The paper compares national Aboriginal and non Aboriginal deaths during the 1980s and 1990s, with particular attention to suicide in prison. Data on the manner of Aboriginal deaths [Data, Deaths in Custody Monitoring Program, Aboriginal mortality, suicide in prison]Fraud & Financial Abuse of Older Persons 10/01/1999

    By Russell G. Smith

    Consideration is given to the threats that face older persons in terms of their vulnerability to acts of fraud and financial abuse. The development of new technologies for purchasing goods and services creates potential for fraud, as do traditional areas in health care, accommodation services and in [threats, older persons, acts of fraud, financial abuse, new technologies, goods and services ]Mental Disorder and Homicide in Australia 11/01/1999

    By Jenny Mouzos

    The general public tends to assume that mental disorder is associated with violent criminal behaviour, and this view is reinforced by the media. This study provides evidence dispelling the myth that mentally disordered offenders prey on innocent and unsuspecting strangers in public places. The incid [mental disorder, violent criminal behaviour, media, homicide offenders ]The Economics of Implementing Intensive In-prison Sex-offender Treatment Programs 11/01/1999

    By Ron Donato and Martin Shanahan

    The Criminology Research Council funded a study that investigated the economic costs and benefits of implementing in-prison sex offender treatment programs for male child sex offenders. This paper provides a summary of key aspects of the larger study and outlines the components of costs and benefits [economic costs, in-prison sex offender treatment programs, male child sex offenders]Women’s Fear of Violence in the Community 11/01/1999

    By Carlos Carcach and Satyanshu Mukherjee

    This paper examines the role that factors such as vulnerability (both physical and social) and experiences of violence play in the formation of women’s perceptions of personal safety. Based on data from the Women’s Safety Survey, the results show that women’s fear of crime is greater among those who [physical vulnerability, social vulnerability, women, violence, personal safety, crime, Violence Against Women]The Efficacy of Civil Penalty Sanctions Under the Australian Corporations Law 11/01/1999

    By George Gilligan, Helen Bird & Ian Ramsay

    Although civil penalties for the enforcement of directors’ duties have been available to Australia securities regulators since 1993, they are rarely used. The authors identify four reasons for these developments, including resource constraints, relations with other regulatory agencies, availability [civil penalties, enforcement, directors’ duties, regulators]Mandatory Sentencing 12/01/1999

    By Declan Roche

    The evidence for and against mandatory sentencing is examined. The main claims made by advocates of mandatory sentencing are that it prevents crime, it provides consistency in sentencing, and is a democratic response to widespread public concern about crime. Roche questions, however, whether the cos [mandatory sentencing, crime, democratic arguments, costs, ]Substitute Decision Making and Older People 12/01/1999

    By Deborah Setterlund, Cheryl Tilse and Jill Wilson

    The potential for financial abuse of older people by those holding an Enduring Power of Attorney is examined. The paper is based on a study of older people’s knowledge of the substitute decision making process and experiences of abuse. While most respondents report that the processes involving Endur [financial abuse, older people, Power of Attorney, trust, accountability]Alcohol-related Social Disorder and Rural Youth: Part 1 – Victims 12/01/1999

    By Paul Williams

    The data presented in this paper reports alcohol related social disorder between 1993 and 1998 among young persons aged 14-19 and 20-24 years living in rural areas of Australia. Rates of alcohol related social disorder in these age groups in rural areas are compared with rates for older rural Austra [substance abuse, alcohol related social disorder, rural areas, metropolitan areas]Civilian Oversight of Police in Australia 12/01/1999

    By Colleen Lewis and Tim Prenzler

    The results of a survey of oversight bodies responsible for police conduct in Australia are presented in this paper. The authors highlight various options for police accountability, address issues arising from the development of external oversight and consider how these civilian bodies should functi [police conduct , police accountability, development of external oversight, civilian bodies, law enforcement]Drug Use Monitoring in Australia (DUMA): Preliminary Results from the Southport Site, 1999 12/01/1999

    By Toni Makkai and Marni Feather

    The Drug Use Monitoring in Australia pilot project seeks to measure drug use among those people who have been arrested and held in custody by police. The focus of this paper is on the urinalysis results from the DUMA site at Southport. The data collected provides information about drug offenders, wh [DUMA, pilot project, custody, police, drug use, law enforcement]Public Sector Corruption and its Control 01/01/2000

    By Peter Grabosky and Peter Larmour

    Corruption has afflicted Australian public life to varying degrees for the past two centuries. This paper provides an overview of corruption in Australia. It outlines its basic forms, explains why corruption occurs, and spells out what Australian governments and the private sector have done, and can [Corruption, Australian public life, basic forms of corruption, governments, private sector ]Missing Persons: Incidence, Issues and Impacts 01/01/2000

    By Monika Henderson, Peter Henderson and Carol Kiernan

    Relatively little is known about the reasons why people go missing, the characteristics of missing persons, and the impact of their disappearance on the community. In 1998, the National Missing Persons Unit commissioned a study to address this information gap and to identify service delivery needs f [missing persons, impact on community, Incidence, Issues]The Historical Development of Treatment of Adolescent Sex Offenders 02/01/2000

    By Anna Grant

    Adolescents who commit sex offences are not always prosecuted, nor necessarily treated. Research has demonstrated that many patterns of sexual offending often begin in adolescence, and, in some cases, show a progression to more serious sexual assaults as adults. This paper examines approaches to tre [Adolescents, Offenders, Sex, Crime, Assault(s), violence against women]Child Abuse and Neglect: Part 1 – Redefining the Issues 02/01/2000

    By Marianne James

    The issues surrounding child abuse and neglect are complex, as is highlighted in this paper. James suggests that the quest for precise definitional parameters could be the key factors in hindering the advancement of the issues involved. She encourages the consideration of child abuse and neglect wit [child abuse, neglect, family violence, family dysfunction, parental responsibility ]Benefit-Cost Analysis and Crime Prevention 02/01/2000

    By John Chisholm

    The application of cost benefit analysis to crime prevention, has, until now, been limited. This paper outlines techniques of cost benefit analysis and presents some evaluated examples of crime prevention programs. As crime imposes considerable costs on society in terms of financial, emotional, and [crime prevention, financial, emotional, costs]The Effectiveness of Legal Protection in the Prevention of Domestic Violence in the Lives of Young Australian Women 03/01/2000

    By Margrette Young, Julie Byles and Annette Dobson

    A national study of young women who experience physical violence by a partner is reported in this paper. The authors examine the effectiveness of legal protection in preventing repeated violence and compare outcomes after legal intervention from the police or the courts, or both. The results indicat [young women, physical violence, police, courts, domestic violence, violence against women, law enforcement]Alcohol-related Social Disorder and Rural Youth: Part 2 – Perpetrators 03/01/2000

    By Paul Williams

    Trends and Issues no. 140 examined the relationship between alcohol consumption of rural youth and social disorder between 1993 and 1998. This study focuses on 1998, presenting data on the prevalence of committing alcohol related social disorder, frequency of committing alcohol related social disord [alcohol, crime, rural youth, social disorder, perpetrators, victims,substance abuse]The Licensing and Registration Status of Firearms Used in Homicide 05/01/2000

    By Jenny Mouzos

    The licensing and registration status of offenders and firearms used in homicide are examined using data held as part of the National Homicide Monitoring Program. The findings of the report show that since 1997 licensed firearm owners have not been responsible for over 90 per cent of firearm related [licensing, registration, status, offenders, firearms ]Australian Deaths in Custody & Custody-Related Police Operations 1999 06/01/2000

    By Vicki Dalton

    In 1999, 85 people died in police or prison custody which was ten fewer than the previous year. This paper updates information on 1998 deaths in custody and longer term custodial death trends. It also highlights some of the changes that have occurred in 1999. (abstract from aic.gov.au) [police, prison, custody, custodial death trends, law enforcement]Young Men and Violence Prevention 06/01/2000

    By Margaret Cameron

    The project reported examines the experiences of violence of young men as perpetrators, victims, or both. The paper begins by outlining issues the young men raised at the consultation. It then proceeds to discuss violence and how it relates to young men; effective means of violence prevention; and p [violence, perpetrators, victims, prevention, policy]Gay-Hate Related Homicides: An Overview of Major Findings in New South Wales 06/01/2000

    By Jenny Mouzos and Sue Thompson

    This study seeks to compare male gay hate related homicides with other New South Wales male homicides. It examines differences and similarities between male gay hate related and other male homicides, focusing on characteristics associated with the incident, victim and offender, and the victim offend [homicides, hate, male, gay, crime]Child Sex Tourism 06/01/2000

    By Fiona David

    Sexual activity with children is universally condemned as an abuse of human rights and is, in many countries, a crime. David provides an overview of the Australian Crimes (Child Sex Tourism) Amendment Act 1994. She reviews a number of cases which have been prosecuted since it became law and notes th [Sexual activity, children, abuse, human rights ]Date Rape: A Hidden Crime 06/01/2000

    By Laura Russo

    Despite an increasing awareness of the problem of sexual violence, there is still reluctance for date rape to be considered criminal or even unacceptable behaviour. This paper provides an overview of date rape, including what is known of its occurrence, the involvement of alcohol and drugs such as r [sexual violence, date rape, criminal, victims, gender, Violence Against Women]Knives and Armed Robbery 02/01/2002

    By Emma Ogilvie

    Knives are used during armed robberies at between 2 and 3 times the level of firearms. This paper brings together new data on robbery, noting the strong presence of knives. Ogilvie suggests that knife use needs to be viewed as a critical issue and collaborative work undertaken to contain knife use. [Firearms, Robbery, Knife use, Armed, Data]Firearm-Related Deaths in Australia 1998 02/01/2002

    By Jenny Mouzos

    A statistical overview of deaths in Australia for the year 1998 whose underlying cause was reported as being firearm related is provided. The report includes statistics on firearms deaths as a whole, as well as statistics on suicides, homicides, fatal accidents, deaths as a result of legal intervent [firearm, suicides, homicides, fatal accidents, deaths]Gender and Official Statistics: The Juvenile Justice System in Queensland, 1998-99 02/01/2002

    By Emma Ogilvie, Mark Lynch and Sue Bell

    The issue of gender and criminality is examined, drawing on official statistics. The purpose of the analysis is to reveal the types of offences for which young females are being apprehended and which may result in a finding of guilt. The statistics show that while females are being cautioned, charge [Gender, Criminality, Females, Crimes, Males]Violence as a Public Health Issue 02/01/2002

    By David McDonald

    Interpersonal violence is widely accepted as a public health problem, rather than being seen mainly as a matter for the criminal justice system. This paper points out the importance of a rigorous focus on the well being of populations, and public health’s use of population wide data to aid understan [Interpersonal violence, Public health, criminal justice, Prevention]Imprisonment in Australia: The Offence Composition of Australian Correctional Populations, 1988 and 1998 02/01/2002

    By Carlos Carcach and Anna Grant

    Using Prison Census figures, this paper analyses the major features of offences for which people were gaoled in 1988 and 1998. It examines trends in the offence composition of Australian prison populations by age, gender and jurisdiction. The authors note that the offence composition of Australia’s [Imprisonment, Offence, Prison, Age, Gender, Jurisdiction]Crime Prevention Through Sport and Physical Activity 02/01/2002

    By Margaret Cameron and Colin MacDougall

    Crime prevention is not the primary objective of sport and physical activity, but it may be a positive by-product. This paper examines a variety of sporting activities that appear to have had a beneficial effect in helping young people steer away from trouble. It examines wilderness programs, progra [Crime prevention, Activities, People, Young, Sport]Cyberstalking 02/01/2002

    By Emma Ogilvie

    Cyberstalking is analogous to traditional forms of stalking, in that it incorporates persistent behaviours that instil apprehension and fear. Ogilvie highlights the three primary ways in which cyperstalking is conducted: email stalking; internet stalking; and computer stalking. She outlines three me [Cybercrime, Cyberstalking, Internet, Computer, violence against women]Young People and Gangs 02/01/2002

    By Santina Perrone and Rob White

    This paper provides an insight into current perceptions of, and research into, youth gangs in Australia. The findings determine that American style youth gangs are not prevalent in this country, although the preconditions for the emergence of such gangs are apparent. The authors show that the phenom [Youth gangs, American style, Ethnic, People]Transgender Inmates 02/01/2002

    By Jake Blight

    There is an identified need to have appropriate policies and procedures in place for the management of transgender inmates. Although there is currently only a small number of transgender inmates in the Australian prison system, they are at a higher risk of assault and self harm. This report provides [Transgender, Inmates, Assault, Hormonal, Surgical]Alcohol-Related Assault: Time and Place 02/01/2002

    By Michael Teece and Paul Williams

    This study aims to determine the strength of a variety of sociodemographic risk factors for being a victim of alcohol related violence. In particular, it examines the hypothesis that places where alcohol is usually consumed, times of absences from the home, and the frequency of such absences are mor [Violence, Alcohol-related, Assault, Victim, Male,substance abuse]Art Crime 02/01/2002

    By Marianne James

    When art and crime mix, a range of illegal behaviours come to the focus: forgery and fraud, theft and extortion, money laundering, and document and identity fraud. These are important issues of threats to the integrity of cultural heritage, as well as the import and export of antiquities and other f [Crime, Art, Illegal, forgery, fraud, theft, extortion, Money Laundering, Document, Identity fraud]Imprisonment in Australia: The Remand Population 02/01/2002

    By Carlos Carcach and Anna Grant

    Using 17 years of data from the National Prison Census, this paper examines trends and characteristics associated with the remand phenomenon. The proportion of remand prisoners to the total prison population and its evolution over time are the main issues of interest. The paper discusses the main ch [Prison,Trends, Characteristics, Population, Evolution]Imprisonment in Australia: Sentenced Populations 02/01/2002

    By Carlos Carcach and John Chisholm

    Australia’s imprisonment rate per 100,000 population has risen from 89.8 in 1982 to 139.2 in 1998. This paper uses data from the National Prison Census to examine trends and characteristics associated with sentenced prison populations. Interest focuses on the proportion of sentenced prisoners in the [Prison, Populations, trends, characteristics, Australia ]Stalking: Policing and Prosecuting Practices in Three Australian Jurisdictions 02/01/2002

    By Emma Ogilvie

    Stalking trends as indicated by police and court data across Victoria, South Australia and Queensland are examined. As legislation and enforcement practices vary significantly across these jurisdictions, direct comparisons are not possible. Ogilvie outlines specific considerations that need to be ta [Stalking, Police, Courts, Law enforcement, violence against women]Public Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights 02/01/2002

    By Gregor Urbas

    The role of traditional public law enforcement agencies in the protection of intellectual property has become subject to increasing uncertainty. This paper assesses that role through recent experiences of Australian customs, police and prosecution agencies. It does that by considering the impact of [customs, copyright, itellectual property, legislation, law, trademarks, enforcement]Violent Assaults on Taxi Drivers: Incidence Patterns and Risk Factors 02/01/2002

    By Claire Mayhew

    Occupational violence is common in the Australian taxi industry. This paper outlines the risks of violence for taxi drivers, and results from Australian empirical studies. It discusses the patterns of violence and identifies risk factors. This project was funded by the Crime Prevention Branch of [Occupational Violence, Assaults, Drivers, Risk factors]Preventing Assaults on Taxi Drivers in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Claire Mayhew

    A range of preventive strategies can reduce the risk of assaults on taxi drivers, based on target hardening, technological interventions, improved surveillance, and cashless technologies. These are discussed within the paper along with issues relating to training and policy initiatives. It is sugges [policy, law enforcement, cashless, protection, crime, target hardening, surveillance, technology]Police Performance and Activity Measurement 02/01/2002

    By Vikki Dadds and Tammy Scheide

    Traditional indicators of police performance are insufficient. Therefore, improved knowledge of how police spend their time through activity measurement provides management information that has the potential to support many critical decisions and processes affecting police agencies. A broad example, [Police, Performance, Activity, Agencies, Australia, law enforcement]The Age of Criminal Responsibility 02/01/2002

    By Gregor Urbas

    Considerable recent attention has been directed towards rules governing the minimum age of criminal responsibility, and the imposition of criminal responsibility above that age depending on a young offender’s appreciation of the wrongness of their act. This paper examines the operation of these rule [crime, incarceration, morality, responsibility, youth, juvenile, age, law enforcement, policy]Crimes Against Small Business in Australia: A Preliminary Analysis 02/01/2002

    By Santina Perrone

    In 1999 a national survey was conducted on small businesses in the retail food, retail liquor, newsagent, pharmacy and service station sectors. This paper presents preliminary results of victimisation and patterns of repeat victimisation. It highlights business characteristics associated with a heig [retail, food, liquor, pharmacy, victimisation]Patterns of Drug Use Amongst Police Detainees: 1999-2000 02/01/2002

    By Toni Makkai, Doug Johnson, Wendy Loxley

    Drug Use Monitoring in Australia is the only project in Australia that is routinely monitoring the use of illicit drugs by people detained by police. The results presented in this paper describe the extent of illicit drug use every three months in four sites across Australia. (Abstract from aic.gov. [drugs, narcotics, drug abuse, drug use, drug monitoring, law enforcement, detainees]The Illicit Market in Diamonds 01/01/2002

    By Rebecca Tailby

    After reviewing the advantages of diamonds for illegal trade, this paper discusses the strategies used by organised crime for diamond theft at each stage of the diamond pipeline. The trade in illegally obtained diamonds, including conflict diamonds, is described, and the level of risk in Australia i [Diamonds, Illegal, Trade, trafficking, smuggling]Bullying and Victimisation in Schools: A Restorative Justice Approach 02/01/2002

    By Brenda Morrison

    This paper describes the background to and implementation of the Responsible Citizenship Program (RCP) among all Year 5 students in an A.C.T. government primary school. The RCP is a restorative justice program which aims to combat bullying in schools byincorporating a range of related processes for [Bullies, Victims, Schools]Older People and Consumer Fraud 03/01/2002

    By Glenn Muscat, Marianne James and Adam Graycar

    Older Australians are less likely than younger people to be victims of consumer fraud; however fraud is one of the most common crimes perpetrated against older people. Based on data collected for the Australian Crime Victims Survey in April 2000, this paper focuses on the prevalence, victim characte [Older, Australians, younger, people, victims, consumer, fraud]Patterns of Victimisation Among Small Retail Businesses 03/01/2002

    By Natalie Taylor and Pat Mayhew

    This paper reports the findings of the 1999 Small Business Crime Survey, which covered approximately 4000 businesses in six retail sectors. The paper provides statistics on prevalence, incidence and concentration rates of victimisation for different crimes for small business retailers, with burglary [Business,Small,Crime,Victimisation,Burglary,Retailers,Shoplifting]The Portrayal of Violence in the Media: Impacts and Implications for Policy 02/01/2002

    By Melanie Brown

    The relationship between media depictions of violence and violent behaviour is extremely complex. There are a number of interacting variables which influence who will be affected, by what material, and in what way. These include: the context in which the violence is portrayed; the age of the viewer; [Violence, Fantasy, Reality, Viewer, Media]Crime and Telecommunications 02/01/2002

    By P N Grabosky, Russell G. Smith and Paul Wright

    This paper summarises a current research project at the Australian Institute of Criminology which is exploring risks and countermeasures relating to the use of telecommunications as the instrument and/or target of crime. Issues discussed include theft of telecommunications services, criminal conspir [Crime, Telecommunications, Theft, Conspiracies, dissemination, offensive material]Internet Gambling 02/01/2002

    By J McMillen and P N Grabosky

    Some of the major themes covered in a recent roundtable and conference on electronic gambling are highlighted in this paper. It explores the proliferation of Internet gambling, its potential benefits, and its risks. The paper is intended to inform policy makers and members of the public about rapid [Internet, Gambling, Benefits, Policy makers, Technology]Torres Strait: Policing the Open Border 02/01/2002

    By John McFarlane

    In recent years there has been much discussion about trafficking in drugs and guns across the Torres Strait. This paper provides an overview of a seminar entitled “Torres Strait : policing the open border”. McFarlane includes some of the practical issues raised in discussion at the seminar, such as: [Drugs, Trafficking, Guns, Torres Strait Treaty, border control]Criminal Exploitation of New Technologies 02/01/2002

    By Russell Smith

    Smith examines the most recent technological developments which have been used to carry out illegal conduct, including violence, transportation, computer based, medical and scientific, and crime control. Some predictions are made as to the technological advances which offenders in the future may rel [violence, transportation, computer based, medical, scientific]Police Custody and Self-Inflicted Firearms Deaths 02/01/2002

    By Vicki Dalton

    There were 33 self inflicted firearms deaths in police custody between January 1990 and June 1997. Dalton closely examines the characteristics and precipitating factors leading up to these incidents, highlighting the significant contributing role of depression, domestic altercations and alcohol. The [Firearms,Self-inflicted, Deaths, Incidents, Depression, Domestic]Drugs Courts: Issues and Prospects 02/01/2002

    By Toni Makkai

    Changes need to be made to the Australian criminal justice system to allow for the establishment of a separate court which would deal with drugs and crime. Makkai outlines issues and arguments related to the setting up of such treatment oriented drug courts. She considers how the process works in th [Drugs and Crime, Criminal Justice, Courts, Issues, Prospects]Homicide and Older People in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Carlos Carcach, Marianne James and P N Grabosky

    This paper identifies patterns and trends in homicide involving older Australians using data held as part of the National Homicide Monitoring Program. Despite homicide being a rare occurrence among older Australians, understanding the factors associated with these incidents is important to develop p [Homicide, Victims, Australia, Prevention, Incidents ]Paedophile Internet Activity 02/01/2002

    By Patrick Forde and Andrew Patterson

    The study reported in this paper was conducted with the support of the Paedophile Investigation Team within the Western Australia Police Service. The study found that paedophiles were using World Wide Web pages to proclaim their lifestyles, to disseminate information and to facilitate communication. [Pedophile, Internet, Lifestyles, International, Information]Regulating Private Security in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Tim Prenzler and Rick Sarre

    Following substantial growth in the last few decades, the security industry is now focusing attention on issues of consumer protection, professionalisation and government regulation. This paper addresses questions about the scope of security work, and current problems and issues. The authors recomme [consumer, private, security, government, quality]Child Sexual Abuse and the Criminal Justice System 02/01/2002

    By C Eastwood, W Patton and H Stacy

    A study which investigated significant procedures in the criminal justice process which impact on female child complainants of sexual abuse, as well as the range of consequences of their involvement, is reported. The authors highlight some of the ongoing problems which need to be addressed in order [Abuse, Child, Sexual, Crime, Female]Uses and Abuses of Drug Law Enforcement Statistics 02/01/2002

    By Dr Grant Wardlaw and Heather Deane

    A report by Dr Grant Wardlaw and Heather Deane for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Uses and Abuses of Drug Law Enforcement Statistics. [drug abuse, assessing, initiatives, law enforcement ]How the Public Sees Crime: An Australian Survey 02/01/2002

    By Paul Wilson, John Walker and Satyanshu Mukherjee

    A report by Paul Wilson, John Walker and Satyanshu Mukherjee for the Australian Institute of Criminology about an Australian Survey conducted which asks Australians to rate crimes by their seriousness in an effort to see how the public views crime. [public, crime, attitudes, surveys, media, neglect, manslaughter]Capital Punishment 02/01/2002

    By Ivan Potas and John Walker

    A report by Ivan Potas and John Walker for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Capital punishment in Australia- the pro’s and con’s. [media, punishment, politicians, public, pros, cons]How the Public Sees Sentencing: An Australian Survey 02/01/2002

    By John Walker, Mark Collins and Paul Wilson

    A report by John Walker, Mark Collins and Paul Wilson for the Australian Institute of Criminology about how Australians view on Crime and Punishment. [crime, punishment, community, system, justice]Corporate Crime in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Peter Grabosky and John Braithwaite

    A report by Peter Grabosky and John Braithwaite for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Corporate Crime in Australia. [Corporate, Crime, Public, Understaffed, Australia]Research Brief: Graffiti and Vandalism on Public Transport 02/01/2002

    By Paul Wilson and Patricia Healy

    A report by Paul Wilson and Patricia Healy for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Vandalism and Graffiti on Public Transportation. [public policy, implications, Crime, mass media, missing persons]Research Brief: Police Work and Health Impacts 02/01/2002

    By Bruce Swanton

    On 29 July 1987, Queensland police conducted a dawn raid on a Brisbane house in search of one of Australia’s most wanted criminals. A shoot-out followed which left one police officer dead and another wounded. The wanted man was also killed. This recent event is dramatic illustration of the grave dan [police, criminals, health, safety, work, law enforcement]Neighbourhood Watch: Issues and Policy Implications 02/01/2002

    By Satyanshu Mukherjee and Paul Wilson

    A report by Satyanshu Mukherjee and Paul Wilson for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Neighborhood watches in Australia; the rise in incidents of car theft, burglary and rape in neighborhoods where citizens feel that crime prevention is the sole responsibility of the Police. [Australia, crime, burglaries, police, citizens, law enforcement]Sexually Explicit and Violent Media Material: Research and Policy Implications 02/01/2002

    By Paul Wilson and Stephen Nugent

    A report by Paul Wilson and Stephen Nugent for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Sexually Explicit and Violent Media Material: Research and Policy Implications. Firearms and Violence in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Duncan Chappell, Peter Grabosky, Paul Wilson and Satyanshu Mukherjee

    A report by Duncan Chappell, Peter Grabosky, Paul Wilson and Satyanshu Mukherjee for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Firearms and Violence in Australia, in regards to the availability of firearms to the general public. [murders, multiple, violence, firearms, Commonwealth, State Governments,media]How the Public See the Police: An Australian Survey-I 02/01/2002

    By Bruce Swanton, John Walker, Paul Wilson and Satyanshu Mukherjee

    A study of the way in which citizens view their police often provides a revealing glimpse of a nation’s commitment to democracy, and respect for authority. Among Australians, commentators have long identified a strong anti-authoritarian trait which has been said to account for the average citizen?s [citizens, police, democracy, anti-authoritarian, traitors, , law enforcement]Aboriginal Deaths in Custody 02/01/2002

    By Peter Grabosky, Anita Scandia, Kayleen Hazlehurst and Paul Wilson

    A report by Peter Grabosky, Anita Scandia, Kayleen Hazlehurst and Paul Wilson for the Australian Institute of Criminology about the deaths of aboriginals while in custody of the Australian police or Prison authorities. [Aboriginals, custody, death, governments, reduce, social, cultural and economic]Aboriginal Criminal Justice 02/01/2002

    By Kayleen Hazlehurst and Albert T. Dunn

    A report by Kayleen Hazlehurst and Albert T. Dunn for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Aboriginal crime most often stemmed from the a poor quality of life. [white, Aboriginals, young, system, imprisonment, violence]The Efficacy of Civil Penalty Sanctions Under the Australian Corporations Law 02/01/2002

    By Carlos Carcach, Anna Grant and Rowena Conroy

    A report by Carlos Carcach, Anna Grant and Rowena Conroy for the Australian Institute of Criminology about The Efficacy of Civil Penalty Sanctions Under the Australian Corporations Law. [police, courts, incarceration, Aboriginal deaths, custody, law enforcement]Adults Under Supervision and Detention Orders 02/01/2002

    By John Walker

    A report by John Walker for Australian Institute of Criminology about Adult prisoners in Australia and the Australian corrections system used to facilitate growth in Prison and correctional facilities by encouraging prisoners to work, etc., As well as the affect of the Prisoners sentence on their sp [white, criminals, guards, New South Wales, economic, human]How the Public See the Police: An Australian Survey – II 02/01/2002

    By Bruce Swanton, John Walker and Paul Wilson

    Law and order issues have been at the forefront of many contemporary Australian political agendas. The State Government in Western Australia, for example, announced a comprehensive crime prevention plan in July of this year. A cornerstone of the plan was said to be the addition over the next three y [Law, order, political, crime, government, citizen]Australian Corrections: Main Demographic Characteristics of Prison Population 02/01/2002

    By Carlos Carcach and Anna Grant

    A report by Carlos Carcach and Anna Grant for the Australian Institute of Criminology about the Demographics in Australian prisons, such as age and place of Origin, as well as sex. [prison, management, crime, community, population]Understanding and Controlling Retail Theft 02/01/2002

    By Diana Nelson and Santina Perrone

    A report by Diana Nelson and Santina Perrone for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Retail theft in Australia and its affects on small businesses, the economic status of businesses that have been the victims of such thefts and what can be done to control it. [Shoplifting, sales, establishments, theft, retail, costs, crime]Efficiency and Effectiveness in Australian Policing 02/01/2002

    By P.N Grabosky

    A report by P.N Grabosky for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Australian Policing, in regards to cost and performance. [police, State, territory, expenditures, dollars, performance, Australia, law enforcement]Research Brief: Missing Persons 02/01/2002

    By Bruce Swanton and Paul Wilson

    Each year the Nation’s police forces receive thousands of reports of missing persons. As this research brief indicates, most of these reports relate to young people under the age of seventeen. Many of these young people have run away from unbearable conditions of abuse and maltreatment at home. They [missing, people, young, abuse, maltreatment, homeless, violence, drug addiction, prostitution]Alcohol and Crime 02/01/2002

    By Gail Mason and Paul R Wilson

    A report by Gail Mason and Paul R Wilson for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Australia’s problem with Alcohol and crime. Australia finds this problem especially unnerving because of the stigma attached to being the “macho Aussie guy”, since alcohol consumption has been called the great [Alcohol, lifestyle, beer-swilling, pot-bellied, Drinking, Australia,substance abuse]Life Imprisonment in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Ivan Potas

    A report by Ivan Potas for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Life Imprisonment in Australia. [imprisonment, convicts, murder, jurisdictions, life sentence]Prison Sentences in Australia 02/01/2002

    By John Walker

    A report by John Walker for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Prison Sentences in Australia. [prison, crime, incarceration, statistics, facts, age, length, violent, ethnicity, history]AIDS and Prisons 02/01/2002

    By Duncan Chappell, Jennifer Norberry

    A report by Jennifer Norberry and Duncan Chappell for the Australian Institute of Criminology about AIDS and Prisons. [HIV, AIDS, legislation, prevention, treatment, counselling, surveillance, drugs, sex, prisoners, education, disease]Prostitution Laws in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Susan Pinto, Anita Scandia and Paul Wilson

    A report by Susan Pinto, Anita Scandia and Paul Wilson for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Prostitution Laws in Australia. [Prostitution, Laws, Society, Disease, AIDS]A Comparison of Crime in Australia and Other Countries 02/01/2002

    By J. Walker, P. R. Wilson, Duncan Chappell, D. Weatherburn

    The survey findings reveal that Australia has crime rates which are much more comparable to those of North America than Europe. In a number of cases these rates are the highest recorded among the 14 jurisdictions included in the survey – a result which must surely give cause for concern to all Austr [crime, law enforcement, courts, crime prevention, statistics]Gambling in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Susan Pinto, Paul Wilson

    A report by Susan Pinto and Paul Wilson for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Gambling in Australia. [policy, gambling, casinos, compulsive, trends and issues, organized crime, illegal, legal]Serial Murder 02/01/2002

    By Susan Pinto and Paul R Wilson

    A report by Susan Pinto and Paul R Wilson for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Serial Murders In Australia. [Murder, Serial Australia, Savagery, Random, Community]The Forensic use of DNA Profiling 02/01/2002

    By Patricia Weiser Easteal, Simon Easteal

    A report by Patricia Weiser Easteal and Simon Easteal for the Australian Institute of Criminology about The Forensic use of DNA Profiling. [investigators, crime, law enforcement, policy, DNA, forensic science, human rights, privacy, legislation, law, reform]Remand Imprisonment in Australia 02/01/2002

    By David Biles

    A report by David Biles for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Remand Imprisonment in Australia. [imprisonment, prisons, overcrowding, law enforcement, incarceration, law, policy, court, trial, jail]Understanding Crime Trends in Australia 02/01/2002

    By John Walker and Monika Henderson

    A report by John Walker and Monika Henderson for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Understanding Crime Trends in Australia. [Crime, Australia, Trends, Understanding, Prevention, Control]Homosexual Law Reform in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Melissa Bull, Susan Pinto and Paul Wilson

    A report by Melissa Bull, Susan Pinto and Paul Wilson for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Homosexual Law Reform in Australia. [Law, Australia, Homosexual, Violence, Discrimination]Body Crime: Human Organ Procurement and Alternatives to the International Black Market 02/01/2002

    By Boronia Halstead and Paul Wilson

    At present, approximately 2,000 Australians are waiting for a kidney transplant, though only about 500 transplants are performed each year. Those who still wait at least have the alternative of enduring the inconvenience of dialysis treatment until an organ is available. However, in many other count [transplants, organ, donor, cadaver, black market]Women and Crime: Premenstrual Issues 02/01/2002

    By Patricia Weiser Easteal

    A report by Patricia Weiser Easteal for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Women and Crime: Premenstrual Issues. [Women, Crime, Issues, Premenstrual, Disorder]HIV/AIDS, Prisons and the Law 02/01/2002

    By Jennifer Norberry

    A report by Jennifer Norberry for the Australian Institute of Criminology about HIV/AIDS, Prisons and the Law. [HIV/AIDS, Prisons, Law, Australia, Criminology]Victim Impact Statements 02/01/2002

    By Edna Erez

    A report by Edna Erez for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Victim Impact Statements. [Victim, Eliminated, private vengeance, officials, offender]Entrepreneurial Crime: Impact, Detection and Regulation 02/01/2002

    By Boronia Halstead

    It has become quite clear that the major challenge facing our nation as the next century approaches is to ensure Australia’s competitiveness in the world economy. To this end, gratuitous intervention in the affairs of business is to be avoided. At the same time, there must be some safeguards to ensu [Crime, Impact, Entrepreneurial, Detection, Regulation]Women and Crime: Imprisonment Issues 02/01/2002

    By Patricia Weiser Easteal

    A report by Patricia Weiser Easteal for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Women and Crime: Imprisonment Issues. [Women, Prison, Crime, Issues, Australia]Private Prisons in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Richard W. Harding

    A report by Richard W. Harding for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Private Prisons in Australia. [Prisons, Private, Australia, Misconceptions, Operator]The Elderly as Victims of Crime, Abuse and Neglect 02/01/2002

    By Marianne Pinkerton James

    A report by Marianne Pinkerton James for the Australian Institute of Criminology about The Elderly as Victims of Crime, Abuse and Neglect. [Elderly, Crime, Abuse, Neglect, Victims]The International Transfer of Prisoners 02/01/2002

    By David Biles

    A report by David Biles for the Australian Institute of Criminology about The International Transfer of Prisoners. [International, Transfer, Prisoners, Foreign, Australian]Estimates of the Costs of Crime in Australia 02/01/2002

    By John Walker

    A report by John Walker for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Estimates of the Costs of Crime in Australia. [Cost, Crime, Australia, Estimate, Economy]Economic Adversity and Crime 02/01/2002

    By Don Weatherburn

    The relationship between criminality and economic conditions has concerned criminologists and public officials for the past century, if not longer. This timely Trends and Issues by the Director of the New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research, suggests that the relationship between eco [Crime, Adversity, Economic, Social, Unemployment]Traffic in Flora and Fauna 02/01/2002

    By Boronia Halstead

    Australia’s native flora and fauna are unique and irreplaceable. Unfortunately, however, some endangered species are under threat through illegal wildlife exports. Illegal imports, too, are potential vehicles for the introduction of diseases into Australia. This Trends and Issues paper closely exami [Flora, Fauna, Traffic, Illegal, Endangered]Police & Private Security: Possible Directions 02/01/2002

    By Bruce Swanton

    Over the last one and a half centuries the police have played a major role in assisting societies to protect themselves and their resources from harm. However, increased demands for protection and financial constraints of governments have created an environment in which private agencies are taking a [Police, Security, Private, Provision, Protection., law enforcement]Thinking About Tax Avoidance 02/01/2002

    By Ivan Potas

    A report by Ivan Potas for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Thinking About Tax Avoidance. [Tax, Avoidance, Entitlements, System, Revenue]Fear of Crime and Fear Reduction Strategies 02/01/2002

    By P. N. Grabosky

    A report by P. N. Grabosky for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Fear of Crime and Fear Reduction Strategies in Australia. [Crime, Fear, Reduction, Disorder, Incivility]Crimes Against Businesses in Australia 02/01/2002

    By John Walker

    A report by John Walker for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Crimes against Businesses in Australia. [Crime, Business, Australia, Wealth, Employment]The Over-Representation of Indigenous People in Custody 02/01/2002

    By John Walker and David McDonald

    A report by John Walker and David McDonald by the Australian Institute of Criminology about The Over-Representation of Indigenous People in Custody. [People, Custody, Indigenous, Aboriginal, Crime]Cannabis, the Law and Social Impacts in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Lynn Atkinson and David McDonald

    Cannabis law enforcement costs the Australian community well in excess of $300 million per year (about three-quarters of the total cost of illegal drug enforcement). The enforcement of laws relating to cannabis can have an impact on future employment, education and travel prospects of thousands of y [Cannabis, Law, Social, Australia, Enforcement, Criminal]Burglary Prevention 02/01/2002

    By P.N. Grabosky

    A report by P.N. Grabosky for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Burglary Prevention. [Burglary, Victim, Urban, Australia, Communities]Infringement Notices: Time for Reform? 02/01/2002

    By Richard Fox

    A report by Richard Fox for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Infringement Notices and a possible move for reform. [Infringement, offences, fines, revenue, criminality]Homicides in Australia 1992-93 02/01/2002

    By Marianne James and Jennifer Hallinan

    A report by Marianne James and Jennifer Hallinan for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Homicides in Australia, between 1992 and 1993. [Homicide, Victims, Australia, Prevention ]Social Factors in Suicide in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Riaz Hassan

    Every day there are about 6 suicides in Australia, and a further 180 attempts. Notwithstanding the enormous personal and family emotional costs, and the great financial costs, suicide is a significant concern for the criminal justice system. Since 1964, suicide rates in Australia for females (except [Suicide, crime prevention]Children as Victims of Homicide 02/01/2002

    By Heather Strang

    A report by Heather Strang for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Children as Victims of Homicide. [Children, Victims, Homicide, Prevention ]Stealing Telecommunications Services 02/01/2002

    By Russell G. Smith

    A report by Russell G. Smith for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Stealing Telecommunications Services. [Telecommunications, Misuse, Crime, Equipment, Stealing]Superannuation Crime 02/01/2002

    By Arie Freiberg

    Superannuation funds in Australia are relatively safe. In recent years, losses due to criminal activity upon and within superannuation funds have been minimal, but the vulnerability of these funds to risky and/or fraudulent investment practices cannot be ignored. As the Barings Bank experience has s [Crime, Funds, Superannuation, Investment, Safety]Paedophilia 02/01/2002

    By Marianne James

    A report about Pedophilia; Defining the Issue, Incidence and Prevalence, The Perpetrators, The Effect on the Victims, Treatment Programs, and Prevention. [Pedophilia, Prevention, Perpetrators, Prevalence, Victims]Women in Policing 02/01/2002

    By Vicki Wilkinson and Irene D. Froyland

    A report by Vicki Wilkinson and Irene D. Froyland for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Women in Policing. [Women, Policing, New South Wales, Recruitment, Deployment]Intellectual Disability and Criminal Victimisation 02/01/2002

    By C. Wilson, T. Nettelbeck, R. Potter & C. Perry

    People with an intellectual disability are almost three times more likely than those without a disability to be victims of physical assault, sexual assault and robbery. The study reported here found that intellectually disabled people who had become victims of crime scored significantly below the in [sexual assault, Victim, Intellectual Disability, crime Prevention, violence against women]Violent Crime in Australia: Interpreting the Trends 02/01/2002

    By David Indermaur

    A report by David Indermaur for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Violent Crime in Australia. [Crime, Violence, Australia, Homicide, Victim]Fraud: An Overview of Current & Emerging Risks 02/01/2002

    By P.N. Grabosky & Russell G. Smith

    A report by P.N. Grabosky and Russell G. Smith about Fraud, especially its effects on Australian economy and Society. [Fraud, Australia, Crime, Offences, Community]The Future of Crime Control 02/01/2002

    By P.N. Grabosky

    A report by P.N. Grabosky for the Australian Institute of Criminology about The Future of Crime Control. [Crime, Control, Future, Australia, Law enforcement, Institutions]Detaining Aboriginal Juveniles as a Last Resort: Variations from the Theme 02/01/2002

    By Lynn Atkinson

    A report by Lynn Atkinson for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Detaining Aboriginal Juveniles as a Last Resort, which creates an increase in deaths among Aboriginal deaths in custody. [Aboriginal, Youths, Crime, Prevention, Detainees]Internet Piracy 02/01/2002

    By Russell G. Smith

    A report by Russell G. Smith about Internet Piracy; the theft of music and written works on the internet. [Pirate, Merchants, Goods, Treasure, Infringements, Internet, Telecommunications]Insurance Fraud 02/01/2002

    By Tony Baldock

    A report by Tony Baldock for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Insurance Fraud. Especially the fact that many cases of fraud are committed by persons who have no previous criminal record. [claim, fabricate, ]Exploring Motor Vehicle Theft in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Karl Higgins

    A report by Karl Higgins for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Exploring Motor Vehicle Theft in Australia. [Vehicle, Motor, Theft, Australia, Community]Reporting Crime to the Police 02/01/2002

    By Carlos Carcach

    A report by Carlos Carcach for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Reporting Crime to the Police. [Crimes, Victims, Incidents, Behavior, Assaults, Police, law enforcement]Telemedicine and Crime 02/01/2002

    By Russell G. Smith

    A report by Russell G. Smith for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Telemedicine and Crime Australia. [Telemedicine, practitioners, Professional, Endeavors, Human]Firearm-Related Violence in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Satyanshu Mukherjee

    A report by Satyanshu Mukherjee for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Firearm-Related Violence in Australia. [Firearms, Homicide, Australia, Incidents, Victims]Plastic Card Fraud 02/01/2002

    By Russell G. Smith

    A report by Russell G. Smith about Plastic Card Fraud for the Australian Institute of Criminology. [Fraud, Card, Computers, telecommunications systems, international, travel]Estimates of the Costs of Crime in Australia in 1996 02/01/2002

    By John Walker

    A report by John Walker for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Estimates of the cost of crime in Australia in 1996. [Crime, cost, estimates, Australia, 1996]Youth as Victims and Offenders of Homicide 02/01/2002

    By Carlos Carcach

    A report by Carlos Carcach for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Youth as Victims and offenders of Homicide in Australia. [Victims, Homicide, Youth, Offenders, Offenders]Measuring the Extent of Fraud in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Russell G. Smith

    A report by Russell G. Smith for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Measuring the extent of Fraud in Australia. [Fraud, Australia, Crime, Offences, Community]Firearms Homicide in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Carlos Carcach & P.N. Grabosky

    A report by Carlos Carcach & P.N. Grabosky for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Firearms related homicides in Australia. [Firearms, Homicide, Australia, Incidents, Victims]Alcohol & Disorder in the Australian Community: Part I – Victims 02/01/2002

    By Toni Makkai

    A report from the Australian Institute of Criminology about Alcohol & Disorder in the Australian Community, with Victims as the focus in Part 1. [Legal, Illegal, Alcohol, Disorder, Homicides,substance abuse]Alcohol & Disorder in the Australian Community: Part II – Perpetrators 02/01/2002

    By Toni Makkai

    A report by Toni Makkai for the Australian Institute of Criminology about Alcohol and Disorder in the Australian community, focusing on Perpetrators. [Perpetrators, Crime, Australia, Alcohol, Community,substance abuse]Technology and Crime Control 01/01/1998

    By Peter Grabosky

    A report from the Australian Institute of Criminology about Technology and Crime control, for example: Alarm Systems, Surveillance and Identification. [Technology, Alarm Systems, Surveillance, Restraints, Criminal justice]Regulating Racial Hatred 02/01/2002

    By Sally Frances Reid and Russell G. Smith

    A report from the Australian Institute of Criminology about regulating racial hate in the form of Ethnic jokes, stereo-typing, inflammatory media reporting, historical “revisionism” and racist hate propaganda disseminated by poster campaigns, pamphlets, graffiti and public broadcasts. c [Racial, Hatred, Individuals, Groups, Propaganda]Australian Deaths in Custody and Custody-related Police Operations, 1997 02/01/2002

    By Vicki Dalton

    A report compiled by the Australian Institute of Criminology about Australian deaths in custody and custody-related police operations in 1997. [Australia, Deaths, Prison, Custody, Police, Juvenile, law enforcement]Prison Deaths 1980-97: National Overview and State Trends 02/01/2002

    By Vicki Dalton

    A report from the Australian Institute of Criminology about Prison deaths between 1980-1997 of Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples. [Death, Prison, Custody, New South Wales, Australia, Indigenous]Murder-Suicide in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Carlos Carcach and P.N. Grabosky

    A report by the Australian Institute of Criminology about Murder-Suicide in Australia. [murder-suicide, Australia, homicide, victims, time, location, weapon]Crime in a Shrinking World 03/01/1998

    By P. N. Grabosky

    A report from the Autralian Institute of Criminology about Transnational Crime, and crimes against Australia interests and crimes committed by Australians from abroad. [Transnational Crime, Victims, Computers, Entertainment ]Private Prisons in Australia: The Second Phase 02/01/2002

    By Richard Harding

    A report from the Australian Institute of Criminal Justice about Private Prisons in Australia. [Corrections, Justice, Australia, prison, HIV]Poverty, Parenting, Peers and Crime-prone Neighbourhoods 02/01/2002

    By Don Weatherburn and Bronwyn Lind

    It has long been known that officially recorded rates of most forms of crime are higher in economically disadvantaged areas. The conventional view has been that disadvantage increases the motivation to offend but there are a number of findings which are difficult to reconcile with this view. A growi [Crime, Economic, Peers, Poverty, Stress]Preventing Car Theft in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Philip Hill

    A report from the Australian Institute of Criminology about preventing Car theft in Australia. [car theft, Motor, perspectives, conflicting, economic, interests]Human Tissue Transplantation Crime 02/01/2002

    By Elizabeth King and Russell G. Smith

    A report by the Australian Institute of Criminology about Human Tissue/Organ Transplantation Crimes. [Human, Tissue, Crime, Transplantation, Organs]Police Shootings 1990-97 06/01/1998

    By Vicki Dalton

    Between 1990 and 1997, 75 people were shot in confrontations with police. Forty-one were shot by police officers and 33 died from self-inflicted gunshot wounds. This paper examines the 41 cases in which police shot people whom they were attempting to detain. Following a peak year in Victoria in 1994 [Police, Shootings, Australia, Firearms, Deaths, law enforcement]Homicide Between Intimate Partners in Australia 02/01/2002

    By Carlos Carcach, Marianne James

    A report by the Australian Institute of Criminology on Homicide Between Intimate Partners in Australia. [murder, homicide, violence, domestic, love, relationship, sex]Child Abuse and the Family Court 02/01/2002

    By Thea Brown, Margarita Frederico, Lesley Hewitt, & Rosemary Sheehan

    This report is re: The Family Court of Australia’s stance about the management of Child abuse allegations, which prompted them to take part in conducting an investigation. [Child, abuse, family, court,law, federal]Rape 02/01/2002

    By Patricia Weiser Easteal

    The issue of rape, guidelines used to categorize rape and what is being done about it. [Sexual assault, Rape, Violence, Dress, Prevention, Violence Against Women]Violence Against Lesbians and Gay Men 02/01/2002

    By Gail Mason

    A report on the extent of Violence and Abuse subjected by the gay community and what is being done about it. [Gay, sex, Violence, Abuse, Verbal, Violence Against Women]Speech by Dr Adam Graycar at the Launch of DUMA 12/01/1998

    By Dr Adam Graycar

    Launching of the Queensland site of the Drug Use Monitoring Australia Project (DUMA) which tracks the use of illicit drugs and the relationship between drug use and crime. [Drugs and crime, Australians, DUMA, monitoring system]Drug Use Among Drug Detainees 02/01/2002

    By Toni Makkai, Jacqueline Fitzgerald and Peter Doak

    The extent to which individuals who are detained by the police are drug users is a matter of policy significance as drug using offenders commit disproportionately more crime than their non-drug using colleagues. In this study the level and type of drug use amongst a sample of detainees from two Loca [Crime, Drugs, Illicit, Behaviour, Police, Demographic, law enforcement]International Prison Policy Development Instrument 07/01/2001

    By International Centre For Criminal Law Reform And Criminal Justice Policy

    This document has been designed as a tool to assist countries in their development and/or review of prison policies regardless of region or culture. It is of course recognized that the instrument may be of more value and relevance to developing countries, many of whose systems remain in a state of t [prison policy]Occupational Violence in Australia: An Annotated Bibliography of Prevention Policies, Strategies and Guidance Materials 02/01/2002

    By Dr Claire Mayhew

    an annotated bibliography of prevention policies, strategies and guidance materials in regards to Occupational Violence. [Occupational, Violence, International, Organization, Health]DUMA Data Access Policy and Application Form 02/01/2002

    By

    A form used to retrieve or release data from the DUMA Australian Institute of Criminology, DUMA collection. [DATA, RELEASE, POLICY, DUMA, DATA]Drug Transactions: Some Results from the DUMA Project 02/01/2002

    By Toni Makkai

    The DUMA’s analysis through interviews of the association between drug use and the rise in crime. [drug users, DUMA, monitor, watchhouses, lockups, police stations, law enforcement]DUMA Pamphlet 02/01/2002

    By

    An electronic pamphlet summarizing the goal of the DUMA-Drug Use Monitoring In Australia. DUMA tracks drug use in people who have been recently apprehended by police in Australia. [Drugs and Crime, Monitoring, Urinalysis information, ]Australian Deaths in Custody & Custody-Related Police Operations, 1997-98 02/01/2002

    By

    [URL not found]Rapid Assessment: Human Smuggling and Trafficking from The Philippines 02/01/2002

    By Australian Institute of Criminology

    The processes of globalisation pose particular challenges to the international community. The increased ease and speed of travel, and the availability of the latest information technology has increased the capacity of criminal networks to engage in transnational crimes. Technological innovations imp [human trafficking, Human Rights, violence against women, Children, Smuggling, transnational organized crime]A Role for ADR in the Criminal Justice System 02/01/2002

    By Laurence M Newell

    The paper addresses all the variable Restorative Justice methods and areas of implementaiton and concern, and was designed to highlight what material was available on the Internet and also in printed form that was readily available in Papua New Guinea. It was designed also to provide pointers to suf [Justice, internet, Agencies, Criminal]Experiments in Restorative Policing: A Progress Report on the Canberra Reintegrative Shaming Experiments (RISE) 02/01/2002

    By Heather Strang, Geoffrey C Barnes, John Braithwaite and Lawrence W Sherman

    The effects of standard court processing is compared with the effects of a diversionary conference for four kinds of offence categories: drink driving at any age, juvenile property offending with personal victims; juvenile shoplifting offences detected by shop security staff; and youth violent offen [Offenders, Victims, Offender, Court, Conference]The Right Kind of Shame for Crime Prevention 04/01/1997

    By Lawrence W Sherman and Heather Strang

    ‘Shaming’ used to make offenders aware of the consequences of their actions without the threat of humiliation. [Shaming, community, offenders, conferencing, police, law enforcement]The Victim’s Perspective 02/01/2002

    By Heather Strang and Lawrence W Sherman

    The introduction by Canberra’s police of a radical alternative to traditional court processing, called Diversionary Conferencing in the ACT, gives victims an opportunity to redress the shortcomings of the justice system from their point of view. It provides them with a forum to explain directly all [Victims, Criminal justice, exploited, Psychological, traditional, court]Restorative Justice and Offenders’ Respect for the Law 02/01/2002

    By Lawrence W Sherman and Geoffrey C Barnes

    The new method, called “diversionary conferencing” in the ACT, was introduced here in 1994 and has been under evaluation since mid-1995. It adopts principles of restorative justice – described in the work of Professor John Braithwaite of the ANU – and seeks to condemn the crime but not the criminal. [Offender, Victim, Crime, Conferencing, Families]Restorative Justice and Deterring Crime 02/01/2002

    By Lawrence W Sherman and Heather Strang

    The Canberra reintegrative shaming experiments indicate that offenders are more deterred from repeat offending after experiencing the restorative justice approach of diversionary conferencing than after court proceedings. Drink drivers predict more dire consequences especially with their families, i [Experiments, Drink, Court, Canberra police, Criminology, law enforcement]The Reliability of Observed Reintegrative Shaming, Shame, Defiance and Other Key Concepts in Diversionary Conferences 02/01/2002

    By Nathan Harris and Jamie B Burton

    The Reintegrative Shaming Experiment measures a large number of factors which have been predicted by a variety of theoretical perspectives to impact on criminal activity and recidivism. The purpose of this study is to identify the most reliable measures of each concept, which is part of the process [Criminal Activity, Theoretical, Shame, Criminology]Approaches to Human Rights in Southeast Asia 06/01/2002

    By Rudi Jeung, Kek Galabru, Pusadee Tamthai, Rizal Sukma, Tessa Piper

    [human rights, Corruption]50 Ways to Protect Your Information Assets 02/01/2002

    By Fred Cohen, Kevin Manson

    CyberCops are particularly vulnerable to exploitation when they are doing investigations on the Internet. To help them, and others who want to be safer when cruising the Internet, Fred Cohen and CyberCop.org (Kevin Manson) provide this list of the 50 ways to protect your information assets when crui [Cybercrime]The Rise in Human Trafficking and Role of Organized Crime 12/01/2000

    By Dr. Sally Stoeker

    A paper discussing the rising rate of women and children being taken from their home countries and being sold into slavery. [Human trafficking, organized crime, violence against women]The International Criminal Court: Making the Right Choices – Part III. Ensuring Effective State Cooperation 02/01/2002

    By

    This is the Amnesty International Library containing Archives and News reports that are easily accessible by choosing from the pull-down boxes, according to COUNTRIES, REGIONS, SUB REGIONS, or THEMES. [Amnesty International, Archives, News Reports]Power And Impunity : Human rights under the new order 06/01/2002

    By Amnesty International

    Indonesia’s New Order Government has been responsible for human rights violations on a staggering scale since a military coup brought it to power in 1965. Signs of increasing political openness in Indonesia have recently raised hopes for human rights. However, grave human rights violations continue [Human rights,Political Killings]Indonesia and Transnational Terrorism 10/01/2001

    By Chris Wilson

    In the wake of the Sept. 11 attacks on the United States attention has turned to Indonesia and the possibility of Islamic terrorism groups operating from or within that country. [terrorism]The Right of Self-Defence under International Law: The Response to the Terrorist Attacks of 11 September 02/01/2001

    By Angus Martyn

    This paper begins with a short chronology tracing the major relevant events from 11 September through to the ongoing airstrikes by the United States and its allies during October. The paper goes on to examine the legal use of force, and whether the events of 11 September give rise to the right of se [Terrorism, Terrorists, Taliban,Security]Capsicum Spray: The Record to Date 02/01/2001

    By Ian Ireland

    On 4 December 2001 a 33 year old man died in Brisbane from a suspected heart attack after earlier being subdued by police using oleoresin capsicum (OC) spray. The incident is being treated as a death in custody and is being investigated by the State Coroner and Criminal Justice Commission. [Oleoresin capsicum (OC), Law Enforcement, less than lethal technologies, police equipment]Criminal Statistics England and Wales 2000 04/01/2002

    By Secretary of State for the Home Department

    This report is on statistics relating to crime in England and Wales for the year 2000/01 and cautions and criminal proceedings in England and Wales for 2000. It includes the Abstract of Police Returns, which are laid before parliament in accordance with the requirements of section 45 of the Police [Crime, Criminal, Statistics]TELELAY – Bibliotecha Electronica Legal 02/01/2002

    By

    [Need password to access this site]ASIL Guide to Electronic Resources for International Law 02/01/2002

    By

    The ASIL Guide to Electronic Resources for International Law has been published by the American Society of International Law since 1997, and is continuously updated and expanded. (excerpted from asil.org) [Human rights, International, Law, Arbitration,United Nations]Federal Prison Residential Drug Treatment Reduces Substance Use and Arrests After Release 01/01/2001

    By Bernadette Pelissier, Ph.D., Susan Wallace, M.A., Joyce Ann O’Neil, M.A., Gerald G. Gaes, Ph.D., Scott Camp, Ph.D., William Rhodes, Ph.D., William Saylor, M.A.

    The effectiveness of Federal prison-based residential drug and alcohol treatment programs was evaluated using event history procedures which addressed the problem of selection bias and included a wide range of control variables. The results indicated that individuals who entered and completed in- [prison, corrections, inmate drug treatment, ]Federal Prison Residential Drug Treatment: A Comparison of Three-Year Outcomes For Men and Women 01/01/2003

    By Bernadette Pelissier, Scott D. Camp, Gerald G. Gaes, William Rhodes, William Saylor

    The effectiveness of Federal prison-based residential drug and alcohol treatment programs was evaluated using event history procedures modified to accommodate a test of selection bias since participants could not be randomly assigned to treatment. Gender differences and similarities in the effect [prison, corrections, inmate drug treatment, statistics]Protecting the Homeland: A Preliminary Analysis 04/01/2002

    By Brookings

    Various articles and resources on information about homeland security. [Terrorists, Homeland Security, terrorism]Russia, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By Karen Ballentine

    A report compiled to discuss issues in post-Soviet Union region to establish a possible way for the corporation to aid the country with its program. [Russia, NATO, Multilateralism, Corruption, Economics]The Financial War Against Terrorism 03/01/2002

    By Reyko Huang

    This article discusses the financial war on terrorism and how terrorist assets in the United States are frozen. [economic crime, terrorism,Cybercrime,technology,International issues]Al Queda in Southeast Asia: Evidence and response 06/01/2002

    By Reyko Huang

    The focus here will be on four Southeast Asian nations where international terrorists are now known to thrive: Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and the Philippines. Detailed below are terrorist activities and their al Qaeda connections in each country, various governments’ responses and actions [Terrorism, Al Queda]Law of Ukraine on the Militia 05/01/2002

    By

    [crime]Code of Criminal Procedure of Ukraine 05/01/2002

    By

    [criminal procedure]Criminal Code of Ukraine 05/01/2002

    By

    [crime, international law]International Trafficking in Women to the United States: A Contemporary Manifestation of Slavery and Organized Crime 02/01/2002

    By Amy O’Neill Richard

    A report compiled by Amy O’Neill Richard for the CIA, regarding trafficking and prostitution rings in from other countries, to the United States. [trafficking, women, slavery, prostitution, violence against women]Academic Workshop on Public Confidence: Proceedings 05/01/1997

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This is a transcript of The President’s Committee on Critical Infrastructure Protection “Academic Workshop on Public Confidence”. [Cybercrime, terrorism, Students, Infrastructure, President]Basics of Freight Rail Transportation in the United States 01/01/1997

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This report provides a preliminary assessment of the freight railroad system as a critical infrastructure of the U.S., and describes teh system’s ability to continue to operate after accidents, natural disasters, actions caused by trespassers and possible terrorist threats. [Cybercrime, terrorism, Transportation]Common Defense Against Uncommon Threats: The Federal Role in Critical Infrastructure Protection 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    The changing risk environment, with emerging cyber vulnerabilities and threats, requires an exploration of potential Department of Defense roles in protecting and assuring critical domestic infrastructures, especially in light of their increasingly interconnected and complex nature. [Cybercrime, terrorism, Defense, Infrastructure, Cyberthreats]Economic Impacts of Infrastructure Failures 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This report presents an estimate of the full economic impact that a disater has on an infrastructure sector and the nation at large. [Cybercrime, terrorism, Security, cyberthreat, banking and finance infrastructure]Federal Structures for Infrastructure Protection 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This report describes the kinds of capabilities provided by existing federal structures that are already being used for infrastructure protection. [Cybercrime, terrorism, federal infrastructure, structures]The Fire Service Relationship to the National Critical Infrastructure 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This paper addresses the vulnerability of the fire service to threats that could reduce its ability to fulfill its mission, with an emphasis on exceptional circumstances, threats and hostile actions. It also address the ability to mobilize additional fire services resources in response to these sit [Cybercrime, terrorism, fire services, vulnerability, threats]Government Incentive Tools: A Study 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    A report to the Presidents Commission on Government Incentive Tools. [Cybercrime, terrorism, Grants, Tax credits, Direct loans]Commercial Perspective on Information Assurance Research 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This report provides a commercial perspective on current and future information assurance research needs to support critical U.S. infrastructures. [Cybercrime, terrorism, Critical infrastructures, information assurance]Incentives to Encourage Infrastructure Assurance Investments 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    The President’s Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection believes there is a role for financial incentives under several scenerios, and that the Federal government should be prepared invoke them as circumstances require. The purpose of this paper is to examine the general type of incentives [Cybercrime, terrorism, Incentives, Federal government, Infrastructure Assurance]Summary Report on Critical Infrastructure Interviews 04/01/2002

    By

    A Summary report for the President’s Commission on Critical Infrastructure Interviews. [Cybercrime, terrorism, Foreign threats, Emergency plans, R&D]Law Enforcement Infrastructure Challenges 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    As this examination of the law enforcement reveals, local, State, and Federal law enforcement agencies each have their own manifold jurisdictions, and operating procedures. The four issues examined in this paper–radio frequency allocation, terrorism training, information training, and criminal jus [Cybercrime, terrorism, Law Enforcement, National Crime, Critical infrastructure, Domestic Security]Liability and Insurance: Infrastructure Assurance 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This is an analysis of a study on infrastruture assurance in the oil and gas, electric and telecommunications industries. The purpose of this study was to identify and examine public policy issues associated with questions of responsibility for assuring reliable infrastructure services, both today [Cybercrime, terrorism, Infrastructure, Telecommunications, Energy]National Strategies and Structures for Infrastructure Protection 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This paper argues several points about critical infrastructure protection. First, it discusses the real and growing threats to critical infrastructures, particularly of cyber attacks. Second, it speaks to the clear need for greater involvement in coordinating national infrastructure protection. T [Cybercrime, terrorism, Infrastructure, cyber attack, national infrastructure protection]Open Source Bibliography on Infrastructure Protection 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This is a bibliography citing many articles and references on Infrastructure Protection. [Cybercrime, terrorism, Infrastructure protection, bibliography]Opinion Survey of Infrastructure Owners and Users 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    The President’s Commisiion on Critical Infrastructure Protection’s results from two of its surveys. The first survey was conducted with senior executives at companies that own and operate criticial infrastructures. The second survey was conducted with senior executives at companies that use and re [Cybercrime, terrorism, Critical Infrastructures, Public confidence, Cyber Threats, Survey Research]U. S. Infrastructure Assurance Prosperity Game Final Report 04/01/2002

    By Sandia National Laboratories

    The Prosperity Games were designed to identify and assess strategy options for increasing the surety and security of the nation’s critical infrastructures. This report details the results identified by the participants of the two Prosperity Games executed for that purpose. [Cybercrime, terrorism, War games, FEMA, Strategy,security, nation’s infrastructure, Prosperity Games]Public Confidence 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This paper describes how public confidence is created and maintained. It describes the results of a research project which surveyed the confidence that both infrastructure owners/operators and their business customers have in critical infrastructures. [Cybercrime, terrorism, public confidence, trust, expectations, critical infrastructures]Regulating the Internet 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This report provides an overview of regulatory approaches now being taken with respect to the internet. It contrasts the informal, non-governmental approach taken to date with internet technical standards, with the formal, governmental-directed policy on encryption. The report characterizes the in [Cybercrime, terrorism, internet, technical standards, encryption]Critical Infrastructure Protection Strategic Simulation Report 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    The PCCIP strategic simulation provided an opportunity for the commission, government and industry participants to examine the effectiveness of its proposed policies and processes to protect the nation’s critical infrastructures and promote economic objectives. [Cybercrime, terrorism, Security, Computers, Information, Hacker(s)]Threat and Vulnerability Model for Information Security 04/01/2002

    By Department of Defense

    This report describes a threat and vulnerability model, based on investment decisions an adversary makes in attacking systems. This report outlines several future trends which the government could consider as it decides the appropriate steps to guard against future catastrophes. The report conclud [Cybercrime, terrorism, critical infrastructures, vulnerability, attacks]Legal Foundations, Studies and Conclusions 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This report describes the legal survey work done to better inform the President’s Commission on Crtical Infrastructure (PPCIP) about the complex webs of legal and regulatory authorities surrounding each of the critical infrastructures, and documents the methodology used to identify legal issues and [Cybercrime, terrorism, critical infrastures, cyber threats, protection]The Federal Legal Landscape 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This report provides a high-level overview of the legal landscape of the critical infrastructures. The efforts to characterize the legal landscape of infrastructure assurance has lead to the identification of many legal and policy issues. [Cybercrime, terrorism, Critical Infrastructures, Federal Government, legal authority]The Regulatory Landscape: Overview of The Impacts of Regulatory Agency Practices on Critical Infrastructure Protection 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    The purpose of this study is to provide an understanding of the relationship between protection of critical infrastructure and the regulatory environment in which the infrastructure operates. This understanding will allow policy makers to target key areas in the search for solutions to the proble [Cybercrime, terrorism, Scope, Regulatory Landscape, Market Power, Safety, Emergency Authority]Legal Authorities Database 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    The PCCIP Legal Authorities Database houses over 14,000 legal authorities bearing on infrastructure assurance, icluding Federal, state, local, international, and even private sector authorities such as standards and guidelines. [Cybercrime, terrorism, Legal Authorities Database, infrastructure assurance]Infrastructure Protection Solutions Catalog 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This is a running catalog developed by the President’s Commission for Critical Infrastructure Protection (PCCIP) of ideas realting to potential solutions for infrastructure protection. It is a compendium of prior recommendations made by informed individuals, study commissions, and other groups who [Cybercrime, terrorism, Infrastructure Protection, Infrastructure Assurance]Major Federal Legislation 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This articles addresses the fact that several pieces of legislature that appear relevant to infrasture assurance objectives were written before the emergence of a recognizable cyber threat. It begins to identify key issues and makes general recommendations to begin theprocess of incorporating the f [Cybercrime, terrorism, Cyber attack, infrastructure assurance, Federal legislation]Adequacy of Criminal Law and Procedure (Cyber) 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This paper examines the adequacy of current criminal law to provide protection for the nation’s critical infrastructures from physical attack. It also addresses the adequacy of criminal law to deter or punish attacks on infrastructures, how it might be amended, revised, or supplemented to close the [Cybercrime, terrorism, State, Local, Computer]Adequacy of Criminal Law and Procedure (Physical) 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This paper examines the adequacy of current criminal law to provide protection for the nation’s critical infrastructures from physical attack. It also addresses the adequacy of criminal law to deter or punish attacks on infrastructures, how it might be amended, revised, or supplemented to close the [Cybercrime, terrorism, Crimes (physical), Infrastructure, Cyberthreats]Privacy Laws and the Employer-Employee Relationship 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This paper examines what the Federal Government should do to insure that appropriate legal means exist by which governments and the private sector can collect, retain and disseminate data or information integral to achieving infrastructure assurance objectives while respecting fundamental privacy co [Cybercrime, terrorism, privacy, Federal Government, employment sc]Legal Impediments to Information Sharing 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    Data collection and information sharing are likely to play key a key role in the protecting of our nation’s critical infrastructures, whether it is involve data and information originally compiled by the private sector. The development of data collection and sharing capabilities between government [Cybercrime, terrorism, information sharing, data collection, infrastructures]Federal Government Model Performance 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This report discusses some methods available to the Federal Government by which it can unilaterally change its own behavior in order to encourage the private sector, state or local governments to act consistently with infrastructure assurance objectives. [Cybercrime, terrorism, Security, Computers, Information, Hacker(s)]Approaches to Cyber Intrusion Response 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This paper researches whether there are viable alternatives to traditional criminal law enforcement responses that would serve as an additional deterrent to unauthorized computer intrusions. [Cybercrime, terrorism, Cyber Intrusion, Cyberthreat, Response, criminal law]Toward Deterrence in the Cyber Dimension 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This is a resource library containing many varying articles and documents about the President’s Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection (PCCIP). [Cybercrime, terrorism, Criminal law, Critical foundations, President’s Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection (PCCIP)]Critical Foundations 04/01/2002

    By Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office

    This is an online resource of the President’s Committee on Critical Infrastructure Protection (PCCIP)report. [Cybercrime, terrorism, Critical Infrastructure]Brazil National Anti-Drug Policy 11/01/1994

    By

    In order to promote the establishment of intensified actions with the participation of all the governments, individually and collectively, to address and attack the problem of the production of, illicit traffic in, and abuse of drugs, as well as money laundering, the diversion of chemical precursors [Drugs and Crime, drug trafficking]National Anti-Drug and Substance Abuse Strategy of Saint Lucia 01/01/1984

    By

    In order to promote the establishment of intensified actions with the participation of all the governments, individually and collectively, to address and attack the problem of the production of, illicit traffic in, and abuse of drugs, as well as money laundering, the diversion of chemical precursors [Drugs and Crime, drug trafficking, money laundering]Belize National Anti-Drug Strategy 11/01/1994

    By

    In order to promote the establishment of intensified actions with the participation of all the governments, individually and collectively, to address and attack the problem of the production of, illicit traffic in, and abuse of drugs, as well as money laundering, the diversion of chemical precursors [Drugs and Crime, drug trafficking]Ecuador National Strategy to Combat Drugs 11/01/1994

    By

    In order to promote the establishment of intensified actions with the participation of all the governments, individually and collectively, to address and attack the problem of the production of, illicit traffic in, and abuse of drugs, as well as money laundering, the diversion of chemical precursors []Grenada National Drug Master Plan 1998-2002 11/01/1994

    By

    In order to promote the establishment of intensified actions with the participation of all the governments, individually and collectively, to address and attack the problem of the production of, illicit traffic in, and abuse of drugs, as well as money laundering, the diversion of chemical precursors [Drugs and Crime, drug trafficking.]Guyana National Drug Strategy 11/01/1994

    By

    In order to promote the establishment of intensified actions with the participation of all the governments, individually and collectively, to address and attack the problem of the production of, illicit traffic in, and abuse of drugs, as well as money laundering, the diversion of chemical precursors [Drugs and Crime, drug trafficking.]Counter-Terrorism Training and Resources for Law Enforcement 06/01/2003

    By FBI

    This web site examines the tools available to law enforcement officials and first responder communities. The working group focused its efforts on determining the training currently offered or being contemplated by DOJ components, identifying duplication or gaps, and recommending the most effective m [Terrorism, training, resources, Law Enforcement]The Strategic Human Resources Analysis of Public Policing in Canada 02/01/2002

    By Steering Committee for the Human Resouces Study

    This study includes a diagnosis of the human resource challlenges facing the Public Policing Sector, both now and in the foreseeable future, and is intended to serve as the basis for generating discussion and development of concrete recommendations for action. [Public Policy, crime, police, law enforcement]CPJ Country Reports: Europe and Central Asia 02/01/2002

    By

    An archive from 2000-2001 featuring newclips from Europe and Central Asia. [Archives, News, 2000, 2001, Russia]Promoting Safety in Schools: International Experience and Action 05/01/2001

    By Margaret Shaw

    This bulletin looks at promising strategies and programmes being developed by schools and their communitites around the world which promote safe school environments. [Schools, Safety, International]Crime Prevention Digest I (1997) 02/01/2002

    By Gilbert Bonnemaison

    A message from the President (Gilbert Bonnemaison) in regards to the International Center for the Prevention of Crime and the presentation of a new Document (Crime Prevention Digest 1997. [Crime, Prevention, Letter, President, Digest]Transnational Organized Computer Crime – A Global Problem for the Third Millenium 05/01/2002

    By

    [Cybercrime]Characteristic Methods of the Investigation of Criminals Connected through Computer Technology 05/01/2002

    By

    [Cybercrime]Hacker – That Should Sound Proud 05/01/2002

    By

    [Cybercrime]Electronic Messages as Proof in Criminal Proceedings 05/01/2002

    By

    [Cybercrime]The Difficulties in Investigating Crime Committed Using Computer Technology 05/01/2002

    By

    [Cybercrime]The Characteristics of Criminals Accessing the Banking System Using New Technologies 05/01/2002

    By

    [Cybercrime]Information Theft and the Fight Against it by Security Officers 05/01/2002

    By

    [Cybercrime]Information Security as Part of the National Security of Ukraine 05/01/2002

    By

    [Cybercrime]Finding and Assigning Expertize in Cases involving Intellectual Property and Similar Issues 05/01/2002

    By

    [Cybercrime]Legal Aspects of Electronic Signatures 05/01/2002

    By

    [Cybercrime]Coordinating the Battle Against Computer Crime 05/01/2002

    By

    [Cybercrime]Computer Crimes: A Question of Qualifications 05/01/2002

    By

    [Cybercrime]Viruses in Government Agencies 05/01/2002

    By

    [Cybercrime]The Understanding of the Internet in the Legislation of Ukraine 05/01/2002

    By

    [Cybercrime]CCTV Operational Requirements Manual 02/01/2002

    By

    A clear understanding of the Operational Requirement is fundamental to the design, test and operation of an effective and economic CCTV system. PSDB (the Home Office Police Scientific Development Branch) has designed an easy to use Check List for use when writing Operational Requirements (O.R.) for [CCTV, Operational Requirement, Safety, Security]The Chipping of Goods Initiative, Property Crime Reduction Through The Use Of Electronic Tagging Systems, A Strategic Plan 02/01/2002

    By

    Marking and tracking systems based on electronic data tags can overcome many of the limitations of conventional systems to identify the ownership of personal property. Such systems are expected to assist investigators or police officers in identifying and recovering stolen merchandise, and be a powe [tracking systems, electronic data tags, recovering stolen merchandise, theft]A Review of the Criminal Courts of England and Wales 09/01/2001

    By Sir Robin Auld

    The criminal law should be codified under the general oversight of a new Criminal Justice Council and by or with the support as necessary of the Law Commission. There should be codes of offences, procedure, evidence and sentencing. [courts]Myths and Realities: How Federal Corrections Contributes to Public Safety 04/01/2002

    By

    Myths and Realities is intended to provide straightforward, factual information about correctional issues and related subjects which are of concern to all Canadians. This publication is intended to challenge myths, address public misconceptions and promote greater understanding about how corrections [Corrections, Crime, Punishment, Canada]Commercial sexual exploitation of children: The situation in the Middle East/North Africa region 11/01/2001

    By World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

    All of the countries except Djibouti have adopted ILO Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention 182, and are thus committed to eliminating the exploitation of children in prostitution and pornography, and trafficking of children into hazardous labour. Most of the countries, too, adopted th [child prostitution, human trafficking, sex offenders, ]Background Paper for the North American Regional Consultation on the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children 12/01/2001

    By Nicole Ives

    In Canada, Mexico, and the United States, hundreds of thousands of children annually are sexually abused for profit. In 1996, in response to growing concerns about the protection of children and evidence of increasingly heinous violations of children’s rights, the g [child prostitution, human trafficking, sex offenders, ]Report by the Inter-American Children’s Institute on the Situation Of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children And Adolescents in the Americas 06/01/2001

    By Dr. Ariel Gustavo Forselledo

    The present report is based on consultations at the governmental level about the actions taken by the Member States to follow up on the 1996 Stockholm Agenda for Action, in anticipation of the Second World Congress Against the Sexual Exploitation of Children and Adolescents, to be held in Yokoha [child prostitution, human trafficking, sex offenders, ]Taking Stock: Progress in Europe and Central Asia since the first World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children 11/01/2001

    By World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

    Western Europe is a source of sex tourists, has high levels of consumption of child pornography and expanding sex industries increasingly populated by foreign nationals. Western Europe is also a region where children and young people are exploited in their home countries. Since the fall of t [child prostitution, human trafficking, sex offenders, ]Commercial sexual exploitation of children: The situation in the Middle East/North Africa region 11/01/2001

    By World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

    All of the countries except Djibouti have adopted ILO Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention 182, and are thus committed to eliminating the exploitation of children in prostitution and pornography, and trafficking of children into hazardous labour. Most of the countries, too, adopted th [child prostitution, human trafficking, sex offenders, ]Child Sexual Exploitation And The Law: A Report On The International Legal Framework And Current National Legislative And Enforcement Responses 12/01/2001

    By World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

    This report has been prepared to review the legislative framework established to address child sexual exploitation. While it focuses largely on progress since Stockholm, it necessarily reflects on the importance of the 1989 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, and the specifi [child prostitution, human trafficking, sex offenders, ]Child Pornography 12/01/2001

    By World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

    Child pornography is a major abuse of a child’s legal rights. Many countries have enacted specific legislation that explicitly outlaws child pornography, but a large number have not, seemingly relying instead on existing or wider laws relating to pornography or general laws relating to the [child prostitution, human trafficking, sex offenders, pornography]THE SEX EXPLOITER 12/01/2001

    By World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

    This paper emphasises the fact that there is no sex exploiter as such. Instead, there are people (adult and child, male and female) who sexually exploit children in many different ways, for many different reasons and in many different social contexts. In particular, the paper argues that que [child prostitution, human trafficking, sex offenders, ]TRAFFICKING IN CHILDREN FOR SEXUAL PURPOSES AN ANALYTICAL REVIEW 12/01/2001

    By World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

    The first World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in Stockholm in 1996 placed the issue of commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) high on the international agenda as a fundamental violation of their rights and a crime in international and national law. Sin [child prostitution, human trafficking, sex offenders, pornography]Terrorism: Motivations and Causes 02/01/2002

    By Professor Paul Wilkinson

    Prof. Wilkinson commenting on post-Cold War terrorism in general, and putting forth some very specific views on terrorism in the Middle East, threats from the extreme right, and issue-specific terrorism as well. He concludes with five principles “which have the best track record in reducing terroris [Terrorism, post-Cold War, Left-wing, Soviet Union, communist]Mixed Reactions in Southeast Asia to the U.S. War on Terrorism 06/01/2002

    By Sheldon W. Simon

    While the Southeast Asian states declared their sympathy for the United States in the wake of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, their willingness to become a part of the U.S.-initiated global war on terrorism varied. [Terrorism, Southeast Asia, United States]The War on Terrorism: Collaboration and Hesitation 06/01/2002

    By Sheldon W. Simon

    ASEAN states have reacted differently to the U.S. war on terrorism. The Philippines has welcomed U.S. troops for training exercises and solicited military and economic aid. Singapore conducted extensive arrests of terrorist cell members. Malaysia is cooperating with Singapore but rejects any suggest [Terrorism]Cybercrime …, Cyberterrorism …, Cyberwarfare 02/01/2002

    By

    A foreword and Summary of recommendations regarding Cyberterrorism, the United States vulnerability to a possible cyber attack that could disable the country, causing the United States to fall to its knees. [Cybercrime, terrorism]Information Access in an Electronic World 03/01/2002

    By Center for Technology in Government

    On January 17, 2002, an information policy panel discussion was sponsored by the Center for Technology in Government in partnership with the New York State Forum for Information Resource Management. This report gives an overview of the issues and an abridged transcript of the panel discussions. [Government, Security, Technology]Regulation of child pornography on the Internet 02/01/2002

    By Yaman Akdeniz

    Cases and Materials related to Child Pornography on the Internet Compiled by Yaman Akdeniz, from Articles by the BBC News and Ananova, with topics ranging from Child Internet Pornography to Paedophile Net raids across the UK. [Child Pornography, Cybercrime,]Evaluation News 02/01/2002

    By

    This issue of USAID Evaluation News examines two themes of growing priority in the Agency–democracy and participation. Democracy has emerged recently as an area of emphasis, while USAID has practiced participatory development for decades, recently giving it renewed importance. (excerpted from EVAL [USAID, Democracy, Participation, Development, Law, ]Foreign Assistance: US Response to Transnational Crime Involving Sub-Saharan Africa 02/01/2002

    By

    A report on Transnational crime in Africa in the form of Drug trafficking, etc which threaten africa”s chance of becoming integrated into the world economy. [Africa, transnational, trafficking, drugs, narcotics, weapons]Briefing Book on Corruption: Focus on the NIS 02/01/2002

    By Michael Shea, Keith Henderson, Corbin Lyday

    A briefing book compiled by Michael Shea on Corruption and its effects on underdeveloped countries using surveys, charts and graphs for emphasis. [Corruption, NIS, World Bank, Industrial, Developing countries]Handbook on Fighting Corruption 02/01/2002

    By Phyllis Dininio, Sahr John Kpundeh, Robert Leiken

    A handbook on fighting corruption by USAID, focusing on how to abolish corruption in certain countries whose reputation in regards to investments, is already tainted by corruption. [USAID, Anti-corruption, Policy-makers, Businesses, Washington]Anti-Corruption Efforts Strengthened 02/01/2002

    By

    Technical Notes From USAIDís Global Center for Democracy and Governance, featuring articles by Phyllis Dininio, USAID and Daniel Kaufmann, World Bank Institute. [Anti-corruption, Global, USAID, Cold War, trade and development,]Corruption and Distorted Development: Competition, Institutionalization and Strategies for Reform 02/01/2002

    By Michael Johnston

    A report by Michael Johnston focusing on corruption and its ill effects on economic growth. [Corruption, Democracy, Markets, Synergy, Choice, Accountability]Promoting Transparency and Accountability: USAID’s Anti-Corruption Experience 01/01/2000

    By MELISSA ROSSER

    A report on USAID’s attempt to reduce corruption because of it’s negative effects on the economy. [USAID, Anti-corruption, Experience, Public and Private sectors]Combatting Corruption in Transition Economies 02/01/2002

    By

    An executive summary on a workshop held by the OECD and USAID, which 85 people from 20 countries attended to discuss way to combat corruption. Featured are 3 Sessions divided into 41 points and speakers from around the world. [Combating, Corruption, Transition, Economies, World bank, Countries]Fighting Corruption in Developing Countries and Emerging Economies: The Role of the Private Sector 02/01/2002

    By

    A summary of a conference attended by political leaders, representatives of multilateral organisations, representatives of the private sector and members of organisations which fight corruption. [Corruption, Countries, Economies, Sponsors, Partners, Private sector]Impact Evaluation: Strengthening the Legislature and Democracy in the Philippines 02/01/2002

    By

    A report on the Philippine Congress after discovery that it was undersupplied and not as fortunate as its American counterpart, including possible measures to ensure the Philippine Congress’ success as an independent body. [Congress, Democracy, Legislature, Philippine, The Asia Foundation]Impact and Evaluation: Modernizing Bolivia’s Legislature 02/01/2002

    By

    A report on Bolivian Congress and its newfound power to help select Presidential powers, and engange in major polital reforms. [Legislature, Bolivia, National budget, Congress, USAID]Impact Evaluation: Parliamentary Assistance in Nepal 02/01/2002

    By Jan Paul Emmert

    A report examing the changes that have taken place in Nepal since the people became sovereign, the King stepped down and Nepal’s parliament rose from the underground. [democracy, Nepal, democratic, multiparty, United States]Democratic Local Governance in the Philippines: Tradition Hinders Transition 02/01/2002

    By Joel Jutkowitz, Russell Stout, and Hal Lippman

    A report on the change in the Philippino government since its separation from Ferdinand Marcos’ authoritarian regime, and its commitment to democracy. [Philippines, democratic, political, government, Ferdinand Marcos]Spreading Power to the Periphery 02/01/2002

    By Harry Blair

    USAID Program and Operations Assessment Report No. 21, featuring Central Findings, Decentralizationís Track Record, Reasons for Decentralizing, Donor and Host-country Roles and Fiscal Autonomy and Regional Equity. [USAID, CDIE, PPC, Agency, decentralization, human rights, legal rights]Spreading Power to the Periphery: An Assessment of Democratic Local Governance 10/01/1998

    By

    This publication highlights a synthesis report, Spreading Power to the Periphery: An Assessment of Democratic Local Governance, that looks at the decentralization experience of five countries and one state: Bolivia, Honduras, Mali, the Philippines, and Ukraine, and the Indian state of Karnataka [democracy, international, USAID, human rights, Legal rights]Transcript of Osama bin Laden Videotape, December 2001 04/01/2002

    By

    Osama bin Laden speaks to a room of supporters possibly in Afghanistan. [Osama Bin Laden, Martyrdom, Jihad, United States, terrorism]USS Cole Commission Report 01/01/2001

    By U.S. Department of Defense

    The attack on USS COLE (DDG 67), in the port of Aden, Yemen, on 12 October 2000, demonstrated a seam in the fabric of efforts to protect our forces, namely in-transit forces. Our review was focused on finding ways to improve the US policies and practices for deterring, disrupting and mitigating terr [USS Cole, antiterrorism, terrorism, intelligence]The Transnational Threat: Dangers from Terrorism, Insurgencies, Civil Wars, and Organized Crime 02/01/2002

    By

    A report outlining the problem of Terrorism and the threat it poses to the US, its Allies and friends, and the widespread proliferation of small organized groups whose sole purpose is to use any means necessary, including biological and chemical warfare, to destroy the civility between the nations o [terrorists, insurgents, criminal groups, organized, NBC weapons, terrorism]War on Drugs: Military Perspectives and Problems 01/01/1998

    By Joseph Miranda

    Despite the commitment of the armed forces, however, the United States is no closer to its goal of being “drug free” today than it was a decade ago. As will be seen, the stated objectives, with their contingent use of the armed forces, has had no basis in viable military strategy. The end result has [drug trafficking, military]U.S. Heroin Program Encounters many Obstacles in Southeast Asia 03/01/1996

    By Allen Fleener, Dennis Richards, George A. Taylor, Daniel J. Tikvart, Steven K. Westley

    This report discusses Drug Control and how the U.S.Heroin program is encountering many obstacles in Southeast Asia. [Drug enforcement,Drugs and Crime,drug trade]Beating Fraud is Everyone’s Business 02/01/2002

    By

    Contents of documents regarding the British governments aims to battle Fraud. [Government, Reform, Fraud, Aims, Action]TEN YEARS EUROPEAN NETWORK OF POLICEWOMEN 04/01/2002

    By

    []Paying for Big Brother: A Review of the Proposed FY2003 Budget for the Department of Justice 04/01/2002

    By Electronic Privacy Information Center

    Review of the dramatic increase in the Department of Justice’s budget since September 11 and the various new programs being deployed to identify and prevent terrorist activity. [cybercrime, budget, security, terrorism]Pretty Poor Privacy: An Assessment of P3P and Internet Privacy 04/01/2002

    By Electronic Privacy Information Center

    The report surveys earlier experience with “cookie” technology and notes similarities. The report finds that P3P fails to comply with baseline standards for privacy protection. The report recommends the adoption of privacy standards built on Fair Information Practices and genuine Privacy Enhancing [cybercrime, privacy, internet, cookies]Surfer Beware: Personal Privacy and the Internet 04/01/2002

    By Electronic Privacy Information Center

    Internet users routinely report that privacy protection is one of their greatest concerns. More Internet sites are collecting personal information from users through online registrations, surveys, and forms. A summary of a survey about what privacy policies and practices were actually in place on th [cybercrime]Surfer Beware II: Notice is Not Enough 04/01/2002

    By Electronic Privacy Information Center

    In our survey we found that only a handful of new DMA members have privacy policies that satisfy the DMA’s own requirements. (courtesy of www.epic.org) [cybercrime, DMA, Results]Surfer Beware III: Privacy Policies without Privacy Protection 04/01/2002

    By Electronic Privacy Information Center

    In this survey the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) reviewed the privacy practices of the 100 most popular shopping websites on the Internet. For all 100 sites, EPIC looked for compliance with “Fair Information Practices” — a set of principles that provide basic privacy protection. EP [cybercrime, privacy protection, cookies]Your Papers, Please: From the State Drivers License to a National Identification System 04/01/2002

    By Electronic Privacy Information Center

    This is an assessment of the Proposal of the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators (AAMVA) to Transform the State Drivers License into a De Facto National ID Card. It concludes that the combination of technical concerns and prevalent American constitutional values protecting freedom o [cybercrime, driver’s license, national id card, constitutional values]Critical Infrastructure Protection and the Endangerment of Civil Liberties 04/01/2002

    By Electronic Privacy Information Center

    An Assessment of the President’s Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection (PCCIP). It is concluded that this proposal is designed to extend the reach of law enforcement, to limit the means of government accountability, and to transfer more authority to the world of classification and secrecy [Cybercrime, terrorism, security, classification, secrecy]Cracking Down on Corruption 11/01/1997

    By RUSSELL MOKHIBER AND ROBERT WEISSMAN

    This article talks about corruption an d how to crack down on it. It mentions new Anti-Bribery Convention, agreed to by members of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development, a grouping of the world’s rich nations, requires countries to criminalize bribery of foreign public officials. [corruption, encouraged bribery , business practices]Narcotics Interdiction in Central Asia and Afghanistan: Challenges for International Donors 04/01/2002

    By Nancy Lubin,Alex Klaits,Igor Barsegian

    This updated report reflects the implications of the dramatically changed political context of UN and US involvement in these areas following the events of September 11 and the new commitment of international funds following the Tokyo Summit. (courtesy of www.eurasianet.org) [Narcotics, Trafficking, Human rights, Women, Conflict]Beijing: An Overview of the European Union follow-up and Preparation 04/01/2002

    By

    The present publication aims at providing a summary overview, for the European Union, of the follow-up to the Beijing Platform for Action and the preparatory process for the five-year review and includes a section reflecting the follow-up process cnducted at EU level both by the European Community a [Women, Discrimination,Violence, Human rights, Violence Against Women]European Union Organized Crime Situation Report 2000 12/01/2000

    By Europol

    This report is primarily aimed at obtaining and disseminating information about organised crime in the European Union (EU) with a focus on its transnational manifestations, to support policy-makers and law enforcement decision-makers in their fight against organised crime. [transnational organized crime, drugs, trafficking]Europol Annual Report 2000 04/01/2002

    By

    []Classic Financial Scandals 02/01/2002

    By Linda Davies

    Links pertaining to Classic Financial and Corporate Scandals, Parts 1 and 2. Also, information about John Rusnack and allied Irish Banks, Banco Ambrosiano and the Vatican Bank, Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI), Nick Leeson and Barings Bank, etc., [Scandals, Financial, John Rusnack, Banks, International]Money Laundering 02/01/2002

    By Linda Davies

    A list of links pertaining to Money Laundering and a list of books on the subject, compiled by Linda Davies. [Money laundering, International, World, Solutions, Financial]The Mafia and Organised Crime in General 02/01/2002

    By Roy Davies

    A page full of links discussing the problem with Mafia influence in the international banking system, gangland crime, corruption in various countries. Also includes insight by various insiders of the inner workings their criminal activities. [Mafia, Crime, Organized, Corruption, Activities]Contributory Factors and the Situation of Children During Incidents of Domestic Violence: A Snapshot 12/01/2003

    By Mark Mason

    This study aims to discover what factors most frequently contributed to incidents of domestic violence and what proportion of these incidents involved children in some way, and by doing so assesses the size and nature of the problems in this area. This report draws on information about victims [domestic violence, child abuse, violence against women]Terrorism: Near Eastern Groups and State Sponsors, 2001 09/01/2001

    By Kenneth Katzman

    This report updates the version issued on September 10, 2001, just prior to the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center and The Pentagon that killed about 3,000 persons. It is an analysis of Near Eastern terrorist groups and countries on the U.S. “terrorism list,” a list of countries that Se [Osama bin Laden, Afghanistan, Terrorists, Al Qaeda, terrorism]Nuclear trafficking 02/01/2002

    By Thomas McNamara

    A report by the Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs regarding Nuclear Arms in relation to agreements between the US and the Former Soviet Union to rid their countries of all nuclear weapons, despite the fact that many smaller countries have taken the iniative and erected Nucl [post-Cold War, nuclear conflagration, U.S.-Soviet, humanity, security]The Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF) 06/01/2003

    By FATF

    This is a web site for the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental body whose purpose is the development and promotion of policies, both at national and international levels, to combat money laundering and terrorist financing. [Money laundering,Terrorism,International Issues]Amerithrax Links 09/01/2003

    By FBI

    A letter addressed to Senator Patrick Leahy was found by FBI and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) hazardous materials personnel on Friday, November 16. The letter was in one of the 280 barrels of unopened mail collected from Capitol Hill after an anthrax-contaminated letter to Senator Daschle w [Anthrax, terrorism]Cyber Terrorism and Critical Infrastructure Protection 07/01/2002

    By Ronald L Dick

    A statement given by Ronald L Dick the director of the National Infrastructure Protection Center) -At the NIPC we continue to seek partnerships which promote two-way information sharing. We can only prevent attacks on our critical infrastructures by building an intelligence base, analyzing that info [Terrorism, crime prevention, Cybercrime]Handbook of Forensic Services 04/01/2002

    By

    This handbook provides guidance and procedures for safe and efficient methods of collecting and preserving evidence and describes the forensic examinations performed by the FBI Laboratory. [Forensic, Crime, Laboratory(s), Examinations, Guidance, Methods]The Varieties of Homicide and its Research 04/01/2002

    By FBI Academy

    The Homicide Research Working Group is working to enhance the state of knowledge in regards to homicide and violence in our society and to identify strategies to prevent such behavior now and in the future. [homicide, research, crime, New York City]CONPLAN–U.S. Government Interagency Domestic Terrorism Concept of Operations Plan 04/01/2002

    By United Nations Government Interagency Domestic Terrorism Concept of Operations Plan (CONPLAN)

    The plan is designed to provide guidance to Federal, State, and local agencies concerning how the Federal Government would respond to a potential or actual terrorist attack or incident in the U.S. especially involving weapons of mass destruction. [CONPLAN, Terrorism,Federal,Agencies]Financial Institution Fraud and Failure Report 04/01/2002

    By Federal Bureau of Investigation

    This report describes the FBI’s efforts to prevent criminals from defrauding U.S Companies and The U.S. Government. [Financial, Fraud, FBI, Loan, Funds]A Parent’s Guide to Internet Safety 04/01/2002

    By Federal Bureau of Investigation

    Advances in computer and telecommunication technology leave children vulnerable to exploitation and harm by computer-sex offenders. This guide provides parental tips to help prevent this harm and how to recognize if their children may be in computer related danger. [Cybercrime, Computer, Children, Sex, Pornography, juveniles]Safe Streets Violent Crime Initiatives Report 04/01/2002

    By Federal Bureau of Investigation

    The Safe Streets Violent Crime Initiatives Report is an initiative designed to allow Special Agents of each FBI division to address street gang and drug-related violence through the establishment of FBI-sponsored, proactive task forces focusing on violent gangs, crimes of violence, and the capture o [Drugs, Criminal, Warrants, Mafia, NY]The School Shooter: A Threat Assessment Perspective 04/01/2002

    By Mary Ellen O’Toole, PHD.,

    A presentation of a model procedure for threat assesment and intervention among school children. [Columbine, Crime, School Shooting, Threat, juvenile violence]Terrorism in the United States, 1997 04/01/2002

    By Federal Bureau of Investigation

    In depth review of terrorist incidents, suspected terrorist incidents, preventions, and significant events. [Terrorism, National Security, Threat Assessment]Terrorism in the United States, 1998 04/01/2002

    By Federal Bureau of Investigation

    In depth review of terrorist incidents, suspected terrorist incidents, preventions, and significant events. [Terrorism, Domestic, International, FBI, Prevention]Terrorism in the United States, 1999 04/01/2002

    By Federal Bureau of Investigation

    In depth review of terrorist incidents, suspected terrorist incidents, preventions, and significant events. [Terrorism, Terrorists, Domestic, International, FBI]Terrorism in the United States, 1996 04/01/2002

    By Federal Bureau of Investigation

    Major trends and accomplishments in counterterrorism are presented, as well as the number of terrorist incidents and preventions. A current threat assesment and overview of the FBI’s responsibility in the area of terrorism is also presented. [terrorism, AntiTerrorism, CounterTerrorism, FBI, Domestic, International, Suspects, Prevention]Crime in the United States – Jan -June 2003 – Uniform Crime Reports 12/01/2003

    By FBI

    During the first 6 months of 2003, the Nation experienced a 3.1-percent decrease in violent crime and a 0.8-percent decrease in property crime when compared with data submitted for the first 6 months of 2002. Violent crimes include murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and a [crime statistics]Foreign and Commonwealth Office Travel Information 06/01/2002

    By FCO

    The FCO’s consular service is a major operation. The Travel section of this website contains a wealth of information for anyone planning a trip overseas. The advice is designed to help British travellers and citizens to take their own decisions about their travel plans. [International issues,Travel advisories,Terrorism]Follow-up activities of the Stockholm Congress 02/01/2002

    By

    A document from the Focal point, pertains to Child pornography and Sexual Abuse, as well as the Steps being taken to ensure the safety of children around the world: Education, awareness, etc., [Prevention, Rehabilitation, Conflicts, Sexual Abuse, Child Pornography]Extrait de “Les jeunes ont droit a la parole”, Les Cahiers des Droits de l’Enfants, volume 2, edite par Defense des Enfants-International, section Suisse (Geneve, 1994). 02/01/2002

    By

    A report on sexual abuse of children and how to combat it, and an outline of a convention held by the UN regarding this subject. [juveniles, sexual abuse]Restorative Justice – Fundamental Principles 02/01/2002

    By Ron Claassen

    Ron Claassen has written eleven fundamental Principles of Restorative justice ranging from the reasons why crimes are committed to ensuring the safety of the victim(s) of a crime, as well as keeping the offender safe, but under close scrutiny to ensure the safety of others. [Crime, human, Justice, community, moral, ethical, victim(s) ]Antisemitism in the Former Soviet Union: 1995 – 1997 02/01/2002

    By

    A comprehensive report on Anti-Semitism in Russia, with chapters on each Former Societ Union country and their dealing with anti-semitism and efforts to abolish such acts of hate. (This page is still under construction.) [Soviet Union, Anti-semitism, Chapters, Reports, FSU]U.S. Heroin Control Efforts in Southeast Asia 06/01/2002

    By Jess T. Ford

    This article contains the testimony given by Jess T. Ford regarding U.S. Heroin Control Efforts in Southeast Asia. It includes statements about the rising production and use of Heroin, and strategies for coping with this problem. [drug trafficking, Herion, Opium]Combating Terrorism: Evaluation of Selected Characteristics in National Strategies Related to Terrorism 02/01/2004

    By Randall A. Yim

    GAO found considerable variation in the extent to which the seven strategies related to combating terrorism and homeland security address the desirable characteristics. A majority of the strategies at least partially address the six characteristics. However, none of the strategies addresses all o [terrorism, international issues]Combating Terrorism: Federal Agencies Face Continuing Challenges in Addressing Terrorist Financing and Money Laundering 03/01/2004

    By Loren Yager, Richard M. Stana

    The U.S. government faces various challenges in determining and monitoring the nature and extent of terrorists’ use of alternative financing mechanisms, according to GAO’s November 2003 report. Alternative financing mechanisms are outside the mainstream financial system and include the use of co [terrorism, international issues, drug trafficking]Combating Money Laundering: Opportunities Exist to Improve the National Strategy 09/01/2003

    By Government Accounting Office

    Treasury, Justice, and financial regulatory officials with whom GAO spoke said that the National Money Laundering Strategy was initially beneficial but that, over time, certain factors and events affected its development and implementation. They endorsed the concept of a strategy to coordinate th [money laundering, trafficking]Terrorist Financing: U.S. Agencies Should Systematically Assess Terrorists’ Use of Alternative Financing Mechanisms 11/01/2003

    By U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO)

    Terrorists use many alternative financing mechanisms to earn, move, and store assets. They earn assets by selling contraband cigarettes and illicit drugs, by misusing charitable organizations that collect large donations, and by other means. They move funds by concealing their assets through [terrorism, trafficking, law enforcement, crime prevention]Aviation Security: Challenges Exist in Stabilizing and Enhancing Passenger and Baggage Screening Operations 02/01/2004

    By Cathleen A. Berrick

    TSA met its mandate to establish a federal screener workforce by November 2002, but continues to face challenges in hiring and deploying passenger and baggage screeners. Staffing shortages at some airports and TSA’s hiring process have hindered TSA’s ability to fully staff screening checkpoints [terrorism, international issues]Combating Terrorism: Interagency Framework and Agency Programs to Address the Overseas Threat 05/01/2003

    By U.S. General Accounting Office

    Given the number of federal agencies and the wide spectrum of activities involved in combating terrorism overseas, GAO limited its work to describing the interagency framework and programs and activities and did not evaluate their effectiveness. While there are several new strategies to combat terr [policy analysis, terrorism]Combating Terrorism: Selected Challenges and Related Recommendations 04/01/2002

    By GAO

    This report discusses the U.S Federal Government’s progress on combating terrorism on U.S. soil and its preparedness to respond to such an attack. It also addresses the Federal Goverment’ ability to aid state and local emergency responders and reports current progress in defending against Cyber-bas [terrorism]Prescription Drugs: OxyContin Abuse and Diversion and Efforts to Address the Problem 12/01/2003

    By United States General Accounting Office

    In early 2000, reports began to surface about abuse and diversion for illicit use of OxyContin, which contains the opioid oxycodone. GAO was asked to examine concerns about these issues. Specifically, GAO reviewed (1) how OxyContin was marketed and promoted, (2) what factors contributed to [drugs and crime, drug trafficking, drug abuse]Bioterrorism: A Threat to Agriculture and the Food Supply 11/01/2003

    By U.S. General Accounting Office

    Bioterrorism attacks could be directed at many different targets in the farm-to-table continuum, including crops, livestock, food products in the processing and distribution chain, wholesale and retail facilities, storage facilities transportation, and food and agriculture research laboratories. Ex [policy analysis, terrorism]International Trade: U.S. Customs and Border Protection Faces Challenges in Addressing Illegal Textile Transshipment 01/01/2004

    By United States General Accounting Office

    GAO reviewed (1) how CBP identifies potential illegal textile transshipment, (2) how well CBP’s textile review process works to prevent illegal textile transshipment, and (3) how effectively CBP uses its in-bond system to monitor foreign textiles transiting the United States. [trafficking, transnational organized crime]Election Data 02/01/2002

    By

    A database containing Electoral Results, Primary Documents, Electoral Laws, Reference Materials, Bibliography, National Electoral Institutes, for all the countries of the Americas. [Statistical Data, Documents, Laws, Electoral Results]PRIVACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS: An International Survey of Privacy Laws and Practice 09/01/1998

    By David Banisar, Simon Davies

    This report provides details of the state of privacy in fifty countries from around the world. It outlines the constitutional and legal conditions of privacy protection, and summarizes important issues and events relating to privacy and surveillance. [privacy, human rights]What We Already Know About Terrorism: Violent Challenges to the State and State Response 02/01/2002

    By Karen Colvard

    A report regarding how the nation deals with terrorism and how the rest of the American population feels about terrorism and the motives behind such acts. [Middle Eastern states, hijacking, United States, International Terrorism]The Triads of Hong Kong 02/01/2002

    By Magnus Kjellin

    An examination of the History of Triads, which were once secret societies with the power to overthrow governments and restore rulers to their rightful place on the throne. In modern times the Triad has become synonymous with Gang violence. [Triad, Secret societies, Brotherhood, Christ, Violence]Colonial Policing and the Demise of British Rule in Hong Kong 02/01/2002

    By Mark S. Gaylord, Harold Traver

    A paper chronicling Hong Kongs return to Chinese sovereignty after 150 years under British rule, and becoming a SAR, Special Administrative Region. [Crown colony, Hong Kong, China, British rule, SAR, PRC, Capitalist]Origination and mass replication of holographic imagery: counterfeit proof and machine readable holographic technology 02/01/2002

    By Kevin G. Brown, Jeff Weil, and Marc O. Woontner

    An Abstract on the technologies used by Holographic conterfeiters to produce counterfeit goods that are hard to dispute without the proper technology. [sophisticated technologies, holography, market trade, counterfeit, goods, currency, passports, drivers licenses, brand name products]CCTV: Making It Work Training Practices for CCTV Operators 09/01/1998

    By C. Diffley and E. Eallace

    This document provides guidance for the Police Service and local authorities on training CCTV operators. [Police Service, CCTV, guidance, training, law enforcement]Less Lethal Technologies, Initial Prioritisation and Evaluation 02/01/2002

    By

    The Police Scientific Development Branch (PSDB)carried out a review of commercially available near-market less lethal technologies, which was made available on the Northern Ireland Office (NIO)in April. The purpose of this report is to explain how Phase 2 of the project and to demonstrate how devic [firearms, nonlethal technologies, policing, weapons]Evaluation of Various Data Sources on Drug Use, Smoking and Drinking by Children of Secondary School Age 11/01/2001

    By Eileen Goddard

    The main purpose of this paper was to compare data from ONS surveys of secondary school aged children aged 11 to 15 with national aggregated data published by the Schools Health Education Unit (SHEU). [Drugs, Youth, Statistics]Attitudes to Crime and Criminal Justice: Findings from the 1998 British Crime Survey 02/01/2002

    By Joanna Mattinson and Catriona Mirrlees-Black

    The 1998 sweep of the British Crime Survey updated the findings from the 1996 survey of knowledge of crime and criminal justice and attitudes to punishment. It also included new questions focusing on knowledge of juvenile offending and attitudes towards youth justice and juvenile offenders. [Research, Development, Statistics, Crime, Survey]The parole system at work:a study of risk based decision-making 02/01/2002

    By Roger Hood and Stephen Shute

    This report raises fundamental issues about how parole is now decided. It questions whether the current balance between public protection and reintegrating prisoners back into the community under supervision is correct [Adult, Males, Parole, Lifer Group]Drugs and crime: the results of the second developmental stage of the NEW-ADAM programme 02/01/2002

    By Trevor Bennett

    This report gives a clear assessment, underpinned by urine testing, of recent drugs consumption on the part of the general range of suspected offenders arrested by the police. [Forensic, Science]The road to nowhere: the evidence for travelling criminals 09/01/2000

    By Paul Wiles,Andrew Costello

    There is a widely held view within police forces that a considerate amount of high volume crime is committed by travelling, often urban offenders taking advantage of increasingly easy mobility. The present report examines these beliefs and attempts to identify the extent to which there is to suppor [Offenders,DNA,Convicted,Research]The extent and nature of stalking: findings from the 1998 British Crime Survey 10/01/2000

    By Tracey Budd and Joanna Mattinson

    This report defines stalking as experiences of persistent and unwanted attention. It presents the findings from an innovative self-completion questionnaire included in the 1998 British Crime Survey. [Stalking, Prevalence,Victims,Offenders, statistics, violence against women]Linking serious sexual assaults through behaviour 02/01/2001

    By Don Grubin,Peter Kelly,Chris Brunsdon

    This report describes a study which examined the extent to which behaviourial consistency is a regular feature of serial sex offending and explored how this might be uses systematically to support the linking of crimes. [Policing, Crime, violence against women]The economic and social costs of crime 02/01/2002

    By Sam Brand and Richard Price

    Every day decisions are made by policy makers and managers in the Criminal Justice System which reflect implicit judgements about the relative seriousness of different crimes, or about the benefits of pursuing one approach to reducing crime rather than another. This study represents a first step to [Measure(ing), Crime, Costs]Crime, Policing and Justice: the Experience of Ethnic Minorities, Findings from the 2000 British Crime Survey 10/01/2001

    By Anna Clancy, Mike Hough,Rebbecca Aust, Chris Kershaw

    This report presents findings from the 2000 British Crime Survey (BCS) about ethnic minorities’ experience of, and attitudes towards, crime and justice in England and Wales. The BCS is a large sample survey, now carried out annually, designed to collect information on the extent and nature of crime [British,Crime,Survey]Building bridges to employment for prisoners 09/01/2001

    By Russell Webster, Carol Hedderman,Paul J. Turnbull and Tiggey May

    Both the Prison and Probation Services have set up schemes to assist offenders into education training and employment upon release. The unemployment rate of offenders is very high and studies have shown that unemployed offenders are very likely for reconviction. This research explores these issues [Prisons]Middle Market Drug Distribution 02/01/2002

    By Geoffrey Pearson (Goldsmiths College, University of London) and

    This report attempts to describe how drugs are moved from importation to street level in the UK, by whom and for what profit. It represents the first effort to map out the “middle levels” of the UK’s drug markets. [Drugs, Customs, Studies, Heroin, Ecstasy, Cannabis, Cocaine, trafficking]At the Margins: Drug Use by Vulnerable Young People in the 1998/99 Youth Lifestyles Survey 04/01/2002

    By Chris Goulden,Arun Sondhi

    The Youth Lifestyles Survey included information on reported levels of drug use by vulnerable young people such as serious and persistent offenders, those sleeping rough, serial runaways, school truants and excludees. All were found to have high levels of drug use. [Crime, Drug(s), Youth]Rates and Causes of Death Among Prisoners and Offenders Under Community Supervision 11/01/2001

    By Ghazala Sattar

    In this study, Ghazala Sattar compares raw death rates and standardised mortality ratios for deaths of community offenders and deaths of prisoners during 1996 and 1997 with the general population rates from the Office of National Statistics. [community based corrections, prisoner deaths, Suicide, violence]Dalston Youth Project Part II (11 – 14) An Evaluation 02/01/2002

    By Roger Tarling, June Burrows and Alan Clarke

    This paper is one of a group of development reports about projects funded by the Home Office Programme Development Unit (PDU). It was set up specifically to encourage, fund, and develop innovative local projects about issues related to crime and criminal justice. [Research, Youth, Project]Can Mentors Help Primary School Children With Behaviour Problems? 02/01/2002

    By Ian St JamesRoberts, PhD and Clifford Samlal Singh

    This paper is one of a group of development reports about projects funded by the Home Office Programme Development Unit (PDU). It was set up specifically to encourage, fund and develop innovative local projects about issues related to crime and criminal justice. [Children, Problems, Behavior, juvenile crime]Mobile Phone Theft 12/01/2001

    By Victoria Harrington and Pat Mayhew

    The report concentrates heavily upon robberies in which mobile phones are involved. It focuses upon all mobile phone theft and estimates both levels and trends in recent years. [Phone,Mobile,Theft,]Religion in Prisons 1999 and 2000, England and Wales 02/01/2002

    By Farid Guessous, Nick Hooper and Uma Moorthy

    Mirroring the religious diversity of modern British society, the Prison Service recognizes more than 40 different religions.This Bulletin examines patterns and trends in the faiths followed by prisoners between 1993 and 2000. [Prison, Population, Religion]Police Service Strength England and Wales, 30 September 2001 12/01/2001

    By David Povey and Sonia Rundle

    Statistical report of Police Strength in England and Wales. [Police, Criminal Policy, law enforcement]Motoring Offences and Breath Test Statistics, England and Wales 2000 12/01/2001

    By Margaret Ayres,Paul Hayward

    This bulletin contains statistics on motoring offenses and breath tests dealt with by police in England and Wales in 2000 and earlier years. It is a record of official action with regard to motoring offences and breath tests, rather than an estimate of the number which take place. [Alcohol, Motoring Offenses, Breath Tests]A Family-Teacher-Social Work Alliance to Reduce Truancy and Delinquency – The Dorset Healthy Alliance Project 02/01/2002

    By Colin Pritchard

    This paper is one of a group of development reports about projects funded by the Home Office Programme development Unit (PDU), part of the Research Development and Statistics Directorate. The PDU was set up to encourage, fund, and develop innovative local projects about issues related to crime and [Social, Work, Family, Teacher, Truancy]Interim Report of the Evaluation of the Basic Skills Pathfinder Projects (Executive Summary) 04/01/2002

    By Caroline Hudson,Grainne McMahon,Geoff Hayward,Colin Roberts,Rosa Fernandez

    Given the lack of previous research on what constitutes effective basic skills teaching, it is difficult to draw firm conclusions in this area. However, the following points have emerged through direct observations of basic skills teaching and interviews with tutors. It should be noted that these [Preliminary Findings, Data, Main Findings, Strategic Planning, Training]Police Numbers Task Force: Report and Recommendations (consultation document) 02/01/2002

    By

    This task force was established to look at the problems with existing data on police numbers and to produce recommendation for how this data might be improved. [Police, Numbers, Task Force, law enforcement]Review of Information On Homicide: A Discussion Document (Provisional) 12/01/2001

    By

    This report presents the findings of a review of the routine information regarding homicide that is currently produced by the Home Office. It is one of a series of reviews looking at all the statistical series produced in the department to ensure that each is capable of meeting the standards of pro [Crime, Homicide]Drug Use by Vulnerable Young People: Results from the 1998/99 Youth Lifestyles Survey 04/01/2002

    By Chris Goulden,Arun Sondhi

    The Youth Lifestyles Survey included information on reported levels of drug use by vulnerable young people such as serious and persistent offenders, those sleeping rough, serial runaways, school truants and excludees. All were found to have high levels of drug use. [Drugs, Youth]Deaths of Offenders in Prison and Under Community Supervision 04/01/2002

    By Ghazala Sattar

    This report compares the nature and extent of death among offenders in prison and offenders under community supervision in England and Wales in 1996 and 1997. [Prison, Prisoners, Suicide,]The Prison Population in 2000: A statistical Review 04/01/2002

    By Mike Elkins,Jide Olagundoye

    These finding are a summary of the Home Office report “Prison statistics England and Wales 2000”. [Prison, Population, Ethnicity, Religion, Statistics]Research Findings 156 – Empowering Young People in Rural Suffolk 02/01/2002

    By Eithne Doy, Di Gilbert and Larraine Maitland

    The “Empowering Young People” project targeted young people aged 13-20 in rural Suffolk. The three-year project aimed to improve access to local services, increase involvement in civic life and decision-making and reduce antisocial behaviour. [Young, Empowerment, People, Rural]Research Findings 157 – Mentors for Primary School Children With Behaviour Problems: An Evaluation of the CHANCE Project 02/01/2002

    By Ian St James Roberts and Clifford Samlal Singh

    CHANCE is a community-based innovative intervention programme in Islington, London, for primary school children who exhibit behaviour problems and other risk factors. The goal is to intervene early, to support and redirect children away from more serious and long-term antisocial behaviour, social e [School, Children, Primary, Problems, Behavior]Research Findings 158 – Dalston Youth Project for 11- to 14 Year-Olds: An Evaluation 02/01/2002

    By Roger Tarling, June Burrows and Alan Clarke

    The Dalston Youth Project II was an innovative approach to working with young people aged 11-14 who were at risk of being excluded fromm three schools in the London Borough of Hackney. The project offered a combination of mentoring support and supplementary education. [Youth, Project Evaluation]World Prison Population List (3rd Edition) 04/01/2002

    By Roy Walmsley

    The World Prison Population List gives details of the number of prisoners held in some 200 independent countries and dependent territories. It shows the differences in the level of inprisionment across the world and makes it possible to make an estimate of inprisonment across the world. [Prisoners, Population]A One Year Reconviction Study of Final Warnings 02/01/2002

    By Jean Hine and Anne Celnick

    The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 replaced the pre-existing cautioning procedures for juvenile offenders with a system of reprimands and final warnings. The old system had been criticised for wide variation in implementation resulting in disparate cautioning rates between police forces and because un [Reconviction, Warnings, Re-offenders, recidivism, prisons, corrections]Statistics on Women and the Criminal Justice System – A Home Office Publication: Report 2001 02/01/2002

    By

    This publication brings together the key results from recent research and statistics that focus on the treatment of women in the criminal justice system. [Women, Criminal Crime, Justice]The Value and Feasibility of a National Survey of Drug Use Among Adults in the United Kingdom 11/01/2001

    By Eileen Goddard

    This report considers the feasibility of undertaking a major survey of drug use among adults in the United Kingdom, and the extent to which such a survey could meet information needs not satisfied by current data sources. [Drugs, Crime, Survey]The role of education in enhancing life chances and preventing offending 05/01/2004

    By Home Office

    This publication brings together the findings from four research studies, funded under the Home Office Crime Reduction Programme between 2000 and 2002 and introduced in Box 1 below. The studies involved the examination of the role education can play in promoting individual life chances and reducin [juvenile crime reduction]Safety and justice: sharing personal information in the context of domestic violence: an overview 04/01/2004

    By Nicola Douglas, Sarah-Jane Lilley, Liz Kooper and Alana Diamond

    At its heart, this report keeps one principle central; the safety of domestic violence victims and their children must come first. Practitioners have long recognised that we must work together to do all that we can to remove the barriers preventing victims and their children getting the protection [violence against women, domestic violence]Retention of police officers: a study of resignations and transfers in ten forces 05/01/2004

    By Christine Cooper and Samantha Ingram

    Recruiting and retaining staff in the public sector is a problem of national concern. This report shows that the police service has a better than average record in both recruitment and retention. There is at the moment a record number of officers and the rate of leaving is much lower than for most [law enforcement]Using homicide data to assist murder investigations 06/01/2004

    By Brian Francis, Jon Barry, Russell Bowater, Nicky Miller, Keith Soothill, Elizabeth Ackerley

    This study explores whether routinely collected statistics on homicide can aid homicide investigation, particularly for hard-to-solve (those taking more than 28 days to solve) and unsolved cases. While most homicides are detected quickly, for up to one quarter of offences the investigative process [law enforcement, homicide investigations, statistics]The Visual Identification of Suspects: Procedures and Practice 02/01/2002

    By Graham Pike, Nicola Brace and Sally Kynan

    This study aims to identify the key obstacles to the timely and effective post-arrest identification of suspects and to identify examples of good practices or changes which might overcome some of these obstacles. [Suspect Identification,Offenses,Eyewitnesses]Fine Enforcement in Magistrates’ Courts 04/01/2002

    By Becca Chapman (RDS), Alan Mackie (Morgan Harris Burrows) and Professor John Raine (University of Birmingham)

    This report summarises recommendations about enforcement of financial penalities for magistrates and court staff. It aims to encourage better use of scarce criminal justice resources. [Recommendations, Enforcement, Financial, Penalties, Magistrates, Court, Staff]A Review of Anti-Social Behaviour Orders 01/01/2002

    By Siobhan Campbell

    The aim of the research described in this report was to evaluate the affectiveness of Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs)in dealing with anti-social behaviour and to identify best practice in how the legislation is being used. [Antisocial, Behavior, Orders]Evaluation of Two Intensive Regimes for Young Offenders 04/01/2002

    By David P. Farrington, John Ditchfield, Gareth Hancock,

    This research evaluates two intensive regimes for young offenders, one serving the North of England (Thorn Cross High Intensity Training-HIT-Centre) and one serving the South of England (Colchester Military Corrective Training Centre-MCTC). Both regimes included elements of Army life such as drilli [Young Offenders,England,Regimes,Evaluation, Army]The Introduction of Referral Orders into the Youth Justice System: Final Report 04/01/2002

    By Tim Newburn,Adam Crawford, Rod Earle,Shelagh Goldie,Chris Hale,Angela Hallam,Guy Masters,Ann Netten,Robin Saunders,Karen Sharpe and Steve Uglow

    This report discusses the 18-month evaluation that was conducted in 11 pilot areas in England and Wales between March 2000 and August 2001. The evaluation team looked at the recruitment and training of community panel members, the implementation processes and the impact of referral orders on the ag [Youth, Justice, Orders]Rural Crime, England and Wales 03/01/2002

    By Rebbecca Aust, Jon Simmons

    This report looks at level of crime and people’s fear of crime in rural areas. It confirms that rural areas continue to experience lower levels of crime than in urban areas. [Crime, Rural, England, Wales, Victimization]International comparisons of criminal justice statistics 2000 07/01/2002

    By Gordon Barclay, Cynthia Tavares

    This bulletin brings together statistical information collected by the Home Office on criminal justice as well as that collected by the Council of Europe. The data covers all the European Union Member States1, the EU candidate countries2 and selected other countries. It reflects the co-operati [statistics, international crime]Outcome of Psychiatric Admission Through the Courts 04/01/2002

    By Edward Dr. David James, Dr. Frank Farnham,Dr. Helen Moorey,Helen Lloyd,Kate Hill,Robert Blizard,Professor T.R.E. Barnes

    Concerns about people with serious mental disorders ending up in prison inappropriately have prompted interest in measures to identify them when they enter the criminal justice system. Psychiatric assessment schemes have become an important part of this process. This study evaluates two of the lar [Mental, Disorders, Prison, Criminal, Evaluation]Implementing Anti-Social Behaviour Orders: Messages for Practitioners 04/01/2002

    By Siobhan Campbell

    This is a summary of the key practical messages from the Home Office review of Anti-Social Behavior Orders (ASBOs) and details the processes whereby agencies are successfully using ASBOs. [AntiSocial, Behavior, Practitioners]An Evaluation of Cognitive Behavioural Treatment for Prisoners 04/01/2002

    By Caroline Friendship, Linda Blud, Matthew Erikson and Rosie Travers

    The effectiveness of a prison-based cognitive behavioural treatment programme in England and Wales was measured in relation to reconviction rates. This study compares reconviction rates for those who were on the treatment programme with a matching group of offenders who were not on the programme. [Prison, Probation, Services, England and Wales, Treatment Program]Two Intensive Regimes for Young Offenders: A Follow-Up Evaluation 04/01/2002

    By David P. Farrington, John Ditchfield, Philip Howard and Darrick Jolliffe

    Intensive regimes for young offenders were established at Thorn Cross Young Offender Institution in July 1996 and at Colchester Military Corrective Training Centre in February 1997. There aim was to test the impact of demanding, highly structured regimes on attitudes, behaviour and recidivism. [offending behaviour, education, employment, mentoring]Reconviction Rates of Serious Sex Offenders and Assessments of Their Risk 04/01/2002

    By Roger Hood, Stephen Shute, Martina Feilzer and Aidan Wilcox

    This study examined reconviction rates of serious offenders four and six years after they were released from long determinate sentences of inprisonment. It shows how many of those identified as “high risk” by members of the Parole Board were subsequently reconvicted. [sex offenders, Parole Board, reconviction, recidivism, Violence Against Women]The impact of high visibility patrols on personal robbery 02/01/2004

    By Bethan Jones and Nick Tilley

    The Policing Impact Initiative reported here covered the Humberside police force area and was funded by the local authority. It was set up in April 2000 to tackle personal robbery and alcohol related disorder, to address quality of life issues and increase police contact with the Humberside commu [law enforcement, crime prevention]World Prison Population List (fifth edition) 12/01/2003

    By Roy Walmsley

    The World Prison Population List gives details of the number of prisoners held in 205 independent countries and dependent territories. It shows the diff e rences in the level of imprisonment across the world and makes possible an estimate of the world prison population total. [corrections, statistics]Managing Medical Retirements in the Police Service 07/01/2001

    By Jenny Arnott, Kaite Emmerson

    This brief researches the management of police sickness absence and medical retirements. The aim of the research was to provide information on the range of initiatives that have been implemented by by different forces to target these problems. [Retirement, Pension, Police Officers, England, law enforcement]Working Out What to Do: Evidence-Based Crime Reduction 01/01/2002

    By Nick Tilley,Gloria Laycock

    The Crime Reduction Research Series presents research findings and guidance material rlelevant to practitioners involved in crime reduction at the local level, and particularly the local crime and disorder partnerships. [Crime, Disorder]In Sickness and in Health: Reducing Sickness Absence in the Police Service 07/01/2001

    By Jenny Arnott, Kaite Emmerson

    This research is aimed at determining the various ways in which forces in England and Wales have been managing levels os sickness absence, and identifying the relative successes that these memethods have achieved. [Police, Service, Health, Crime, Sickness Absense, law enforcement]The Role of the Forensic Medical Examiner with 01/01/2002

    By Alison Noble,David Best,Margaret Stark,E. Jane Marshall

    Drunken arrestees pose specific problems for police custody staff, often requiring the attention of the Forensic Medical Examiner (FME). This pilot study investigates the feasibility of the attending FME administering a brief intervention in the custody suite. [Alcohol, Detainees, Forensic Medical Examiner,]Consultation by Crime and Disorder Partnerships 01/01/2001

    By Tim Newburn,Trevor Jones

    The aim of this research study was to identify good practice in the methods used by partnerships in England and Wales in consulting according to the requirements of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 [Crime, Reduction, Crime and Disorder Act ]Drunks and Disorder: Processing Intoxicated Arrestees in Two City-Centre Custody Suites 01/01/2002

    By Ann Deehan,Emma Marshall,Esther Saville

    This exploratory study demonstrates that a disproportionate numbers of arrestees brought into city-centre custody suites late at night are intoxicated and charged with assault, public disorder offenses and drink-driving. The report concludes by discussing the potential for the provision of public h [Alcohol, Detainees, Interventions]Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships: Round One Progress 01/01/2002

    By Coretta Philips,Jessica Jacobson,Rachel Prime,Matt Carter,Mary Considine

    The 1998 Crime and Disorder Act requires local authorities and the police, in partnership with other agencies, to complete a specific cycle of activities every three years. This report details the findings from case study research undertaken in three partnership areas which explored in depth how th [Crime, Policing, 1998 Crime and Disorder Act]Hard-to-Reach Young People and Community Safety: A Model for Participatory Research and Consultation 01/01/2002

    By Rachel Pain,Peter Francis,Ingrid Fuller,Kate O’Brien, Sarah Williams

    The findings of Home Office research on homeless and school-excluded young people’s experiences of crime and disorder in Newcastle upon Tyne. [Crime, Disorder, homelessness, juvenile crime]Manual on Street Law-Type Teaching Clinics at Law Faculties 05/01/2001

    By

    The 92-page manual draws heavily from experiences in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union in providing practical suggestions for setting up a teaching clinic at law schools, where law students teach everyday law to the public. These clinics typically have a human rights education c [Clinics, Teaching, Law School, Russia]Asia Pacific Money laundering Flows and Trends 03/01/1999

    By Allan Castle, Ph.D.

    This report discusses money laundering in the Asia/Pacific. It looks at the history and causes of money laundering and the ways to take action to reduce money laundering. [Money laundering,Corruption,Drugs and Crime]The changing role of customs in the fight against counterfeiting 07/01/1998

    By Peter Lowe

    The article is about The changing role of customs in the fight against counterfeiting. It talks about the guardians at the gate and how they have the ability to cause serious disruption to the flow of counterfeit goods across international borders. [powers of inspection , guardians, customs, counterfeits]Combating counterfeiting in the EU – taking the right approach 12/01/1998

    By Peter Lowe

    This article describes how the European Commission has taken positive steps to glean as much information as possible about the growing counterfeiting problem. [counterfeiting, fraud]European Court of Human Rights Holds Right to form Associations is Fundamental Human Right 07/01/1998

    By International Center for Not-for-Profit Law

    In a landmark decision, the European Court of Human Rights unanimously held in July 1998 that the refusal by Greek courts to register a Macedonian cultural association was an interference with the applicants’ exercise of their right to freedom of association. The Court stated unequivocally that “the [human rights]Registration of Associations in Central and Eastern Europe and the Newly Indpendent States: A Survey 02/01/2002

    By Rachel L. Holmes

    An examination of the Freedom of Association and why it is so underrated. [legislation, associations, Central and Eastern Europe CEE, Newly Independent States NIS ]Voluntary Organizations in Europe: The European Convention on Human Rights 02/01/2002

    By Erik Denters and Wino J.M. van Veen

    A paper regarding the sealing of the rift between Eastern and Western Europe after the fall of the Iron curtain and Soviet rule. [Iron Curtain, Eastern and Western Europe, alienation, hostility, history, traditions ]Nonprofit Umbrella Organisations in a Contracting Regime: A Comparative Review of Australian, British and American Literature and Experiences 02/01/2002

    By Melville, R., Pratt, A., Taylor, A.

    A paper examing the literature about Peak bodies/Umbrella organizations of America, Britain and Australia; especially the similarities between America and Britain. [Australian, nonprofit, umbrella organisation, peak body, interest group, state]Should the Rules Governing Foundations Be Placed in a Civil Code? 02/01/2002

    By Professor Ulrich Drobnig

    Professor Ulrich Drobnigs take on Civil Codes. Particularly those of countries with Civil codes that have led to a division among the people. [Civil Code, Continental, intermediary powers, state, society,civil society]Human Security and Mutual Vulnerability: An Exploration into the Global Political Economy of Development and Underdevelopment 02/01/2002

    By Jorge Nef

    Professor Jorge Nef discusses the post-Cold War climate, as well as the econimic crisis in Asia,the transformation of the G-7 into the G-8, the easing of the debt crisis, and Soros” critique of the New World Order. [Security, Economy, Development, Human, Global, Exploration]Small Arms Trade and Proliferation in East Asia: Southeast Asia and the Russian Far East 09/01/1998

    By Robert E. Bedeski, Andrew Anderson, Santo Darmosumarto

    This project examines small arms trade and proliferation in two geographic areas of East Asia – Southeast Asia and the Russian Far East. [International Issues, Security issues, arms trade]Textos Basicos Sobre Trafico Internacional de Mujeres y Ninas en America Latina para la Industria Sexual 02/01/2002

    By

    [human trafficking, juveniles, women-crimes against]Controlling Fiscal Corruption 02/01/2002

    By Sheetal K. Chand, Karl O. Moene

    A Paper regarding taking control of corruption in Ghana by helping fiscal officers. [Corruption, Ghana, Fiscal performance, Tax evasion, Incentives]USA Patriot Act (H.R. 3162) 04/01/2002

    By Congress

    The complete text of H.R.3162, the ‘Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT ACT) Act of 2001’ [Terrorism, security, anti-terrorism, itelligence, policy, conterterrorism]Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 1999 02/01/2002

    By

    The Control Boards stance on the limit of Drugs being issued for Medical and other reason, specifically Psychotropic drugs used to control certain illnesses in children. [Freedom, Pain, Suffering,International, Drug, Control]People’s Republic of China — Politicization. 02/01/2002

    By

    The Differences between east and west in establishing Politicization. Including Civil Servants in China and their ability to interact with affairs of the State. [Civil servants, Communist, Republic, Corrupt, Service]Prison Writings Conference 04/01/2002

    By

    This multifaceted conference marks the launch of a new project to promote and encourage the inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary study of all aspects of prison writings and the literature of incarceration and confinement. (courtesy of www.inter-disciplinary.net) [Prison, Disciplinary, Literature]Children and Human Trafficking 10/01/2003

    By Interpol

    Trafficking in Human Beings is considered one of the top priorities at Interpol and only by ascertaining the true character of trafficking can we hope to adapt appropriate measures against it. The main aim of Interpol is to promote the widest possible mutual assistance between all criminal police a [Human trafficking, child abuse, prostitution, human rights, violence against women]Civil War, Terrorism And Gangs: The System Of Sociology And Social Dynamics 01/01/2003

    By Raddai RAIKHLIN

    The work discusses social dynamics by analyzing the development of civil war, terrorism and of gangs. The behavior of society as well as the behavior of individuals are described as in related to the degree of social cohesion or integration. Terrorism and banditism are regarded as stages in social d [terrorism]The International Criminal Court background paper 07/01/1998

    By Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    This article is about after the Diplomatic Conference in Rome which concluded the Statute for the International Criminal Court (ICC), the developments leading up to the establishment of the Court and its significance. [international criminal court]The United Nations Report on Firearms Regulation (Comment) 02/01/2002

    By Sarah Meek

    A report written regarding the prevalence of small arms regulations and the trafficking of such weapons. [small arms, smuggling, trafficking, military-style, regulation]Protecting whistle blowers in South Africa: The Protected Disclosures Act, no 26 of 2000 02/01/2002

    By Lala Camerer

    This paper challenges public opinion about whistle blowers and whistleblowing. It places the South African legislation to protect whistle blowers in the context of recent anti-corruption initiatives. A brief summary is given of the Protected Disclosures Act and its application. [Whistleblowers, Disclosures, Protection]Triad Societies and Chinese Organised Crime in South Africa 02/01/2002

    By Peter Gastrow

    South African law enforcement agencies should expect a considerable expansion of criminal activities by Chinese triad-based criminal groups. The fact that South Africa now has diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China has led to a significant increase in trade and interaction be [Triad, Societies, Crime, transnational organized crime]The Social Impacts of Light Weapons Availability and Proliferation 02/01/2002

    By Christopher Louise

    A report on the Social impact of light arms and their aid in major conflict and violence, because there is no need for training in the usage of such weapons, and the introduction of such weapons into countries in conflict is not heavily monitored. [small arms, light weapons, globalization, civil, ethnic, conflicts ]New Zealand Sentencing and Parole Reform Act 2001 04/01/2002

    By

    This the Bill that enacts New Zealand’s Sentencing and Parole Reform Act 2001. [Sentences, Parole, Order(s)]World Prison Brief 11/01/2002

    By International Centre for Prison Studies

    The WPB is a data-base which provides factual information about prison systems throughout the world. It thus enables more evidence-based discussion of ways to improve prison systems in accordance with international human rights standards. [corrections, statistics]Golden Rules for Transboundary Pollution 02/03/2002

    By

    []Crime and Justice Statistics for Western Australia, 2000 02/01/2002

    By

    The report describes general crime trends in Western Australia, as well as trends in police arrests, criminal court activity (including some sentencing trends) and general patterns of imprisonment. [Crime, Justice, Statistics, Western, Australia]Emory Law Journal 02/01/2002

    By

    A list of features found on the Emory Law Journal website. [Info, Members, Staff, Symposium, Homepage]Alternative Models of Judicial Independence: Organizing the Judiciary in Central and Eastern Europe 02/01/2002

    By Sergio Bartole

    A report on Organizing Judicial Independence in Central and Eastern Europe, by barring the ability to remove troublesome Judicial members, etc., [Central and Eastern Europe, Judiciary, Legal, Communist]Corruption, Clientelism, and the Future of the Constitutional State in Eastern Europe 02/01/2002

    By Andras Sajo

    Understanding Corruption in Eastern Europe and dispelling the myths. [Constitutional, Corruption, Clientelism,Eastern Europe, Anticorruption, Corruption ]Dancing with Anticorruption 02/01/2002

    By Ivan Krastev

    The role of Corruption in Economical transitions and as a form of protection. [Corruption, Economic, Democracy, Cold War, Protectionism, Bribery]East European Constitional Review 02/01/2002

    By

    Volumes 6-11 of the East European Constitutional Review. [Politics, Russia, Post communism, Romania, Restoration]Assaults on Licensed Premises in Inner-Urban Areas 10/01/2002

    By Suzanne Briscoe, Neil Donnelly

    This bulletin examines police-recorded assault incidents on licensed premises in the inner-urban areas of Sydney, New Castle and Wollongong. Findings from this analysis suggest that a small number of problematic licensed premises are associated with a disproportionate amount of violence. [Assault(s), Licensed, Urban, Area’s, Violence]In Search of Security: The Roles of Public Police and Private Agencies 04/01/2002

    By Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada

    Paper discussing how Canadians should respond to their growing needs for security. [police, law enforcement]Singapore’s Criminal Law And Justice System 06/01/2002

    By The ‘Lectric Law Library

    An article on the history and current Criminal Law and Justice System in Singapore. [Law enforcement, Criminal Justice System, Singapore]Domestic Preparedness 2002: A New Standard 04/01/2002

    By The Medevac Group

    A comprehensive, back to basics conference geared toward organizations that face a REAL threat of terrorism and organizations that will have to respond to a terrorist act. [Postponed, Preparedness, Terrorism, Fees, Info]Animals and the Law 02/01/2002

    By K. Davids

    This contribution deals with the relation between the animal protection movement and the development of animal protection law in the Netherlands from the end of the nineteenth century till the present. After a brief survey of the rise of the animal protection movement since 1864 (when the first, and [Animals, Protection, Law]Evaluation of the Netherlands National Investigation Team for War Crimes 04/01/2002

    By A. Beijer, A.H. Klip, M.A. Oomen, A.M.J. van der Spek

    This is a summary of a report of an evaluative research into the working methods of the Netherlands National Investigation Team for War Crimes (Nationaal Opsporingsteam Voor Oorlogsmisdrijven, Dutch acronym NOVO) in the period January 1998 to July 2001. In the course of this research the functioning [war, crimes, Hierarchy, budget ]Coffeeshops, Youth and Tourism 02/01/2002

    By D.J. Korf, M. v.d. Woude, A. Benschop & T. Nabben

    This report investigates in particular two measures introduced by the government in 1996. The firts of these is the ‘five-gram norm’, which reduced the maximum permitted purchase of cannabis in coffeeshops from 30 to 5 grams per cusomer. The second measure raised the age limit for admission to coffe [Drugs, Youth, Cannabis, Coffeeshops]A Model of Juvenile Judicial Capacity 02/01/2002

    By G.L.A.M. Huijbregts, F.P. van Tulder, D.E.G. Moolenaar

    Since 1998 the WODC (Research and Documentation Centre) has been charged with the yearly release of forecasts of the capacity needed for the execution of various judicial sanctions and measures in the Netherlands. In this connection, the WODC aims at improving the methodological quality in the vario [Justice, Juvenile, Protection]The Juvenile Penal Law: Five Years of Practitioners’ Experience 02/01/2002

    By M. Kruissink, C. Verwers

    September 1st 1995, a new penal law for juveniles came into force in the Netherlands.In this report the consequences of its introduction are evaluated. The new law brought about some major changes. Furthermore procedural law for juveniles was changed, the most important adaptation being a transfere [Juvenile, Law]Violence Narrated: Offender, Victim and Witness Accounts of ‘Street Violence’ 02/01/2002

    By B.M.W.A. Beke, W.J.M. de Haan, G.J. Terlouw

    This report is part two of a research project on street violence between strangers.In part 1 data were collected from the police regions Rotterdam-Rijnmond and IJsselland. Based on police reports on violent incidents in 1998, we analysed the frequency of street violence. [Victim, Witness, Accounts]Homicide in the Netherlands in 1998 02/01/2002

    By P.R. Smit, S. van der Zee, W. van der Heide, F. Heide

    The WODC in co-operation with the National Police Agency (KLPD) has created a data set containing detailed information on homicides in 1998. In the research presented here the structure of this data set is described and the results for 1998 are given. [Victims, Guns, Drugs, Homicide]Charter on a Distinctive Partnership between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Ukraine 02/01/2002

    By

    A Charter re: A positive relationship between NATO and the Ukraine. [NATO-Ukraine, Relationship, political, Europe, Cold War ]South East Asia Review – Final Update – May 2001 06/01/2002

    By

    This will be the last update as the implementation of the Mohr review is now well under way. However, I think it important to use this as a reminder of a couple of matters from the review and particularly reiterate those areas of the review that cannot be implemented and why. Also, I will cover, in [Navy,Vietnam,medals,]International Narcotics Control Stategy Report: Southeast Asia: Burma 03/01/2001

    By U.S. Department of State

    This article discussed the problem in Burma with drug production and trafficking. [drugs and crime, trafficking]Recidivism rates for Drug Court Graduates: Nationally Based Estimates 07/01/2003

    By John Roman, Wendy Townsend, Avinash Singh Bhati, Ph.D.

    This report presents a general estimate of recidivism amoung a nationally representative sample of drug court graduates. [Drugs, courts, sentencing]Implementing Telemedicine in Correctional Facilities 05/01/2002

    By Peter L. Nacci, Ph.D., C. Allan Turner, D.P.A., Ronald J. Waldron, Ph.D., Eddite Broyles

    An experiment in the 1990s and an independent evaluation of the experiment determined that providing long-distance health care to inmates is feasible through a system called telemedicine. [inmate health care]Characteristics of Chinese Human Smugglers: A Cross-National Study, Final Report 06/01/2003

    By Sheldon Zhang ; Ko-lin Chin

    This study attempted to uncover the basic inner workings of Chinese human smuggling organizations and their operations. Through field observations and face-to-face interviews in both the U.S. and China, we found that most human smugglers (also known as snakeheads) were otherwise ordinary citizens w [transnational organized crime, human trafficking]Trafficking in Women From Ukraine 12/01/2003

    By Donna M. Hughes ; Tatyana Denisova

    Trafficking in women for the purpose of sexual exploitation, often referred to as a modern day form of slavery, is a multi-billion dollar global criminal activity. The moneymakers are transnational networks of traffickers and pimps that prey on the dreams of women seeking from sending and receivi [transnational organized crime, human trafficking, violence against women, prostitution, victim, women-crimes against]Policing in Emerging Democracies – Working Papers and Documents 02/01/2002

    By

    Workshop papers re: Policing in Emerging Democracies featuring an Address by the Attorney General. [Law Enforcement, American, Democratic, Policing, Hungary, Romania]Measuring What Matters Part Two: Developing Measures of What the Police Do 02/01/2002

    By Thomas V. Brady

    A report on the practices used by Police Departments to assess whether they are doing their jobs right and whether what they do to keep a level of civility matters. [Police, Citizens, Civility, Accountability, Public, law enforcement]National Guidelines for Death Investigation 02/01/2002

    By

    A List of the National Medicolegal Review Panel. A Message from the Attorney General, Acknowledgements, Commentary by Jeanne M. Adkins, Richard T. Callery, M.D., F.C.A.P. ,Mary E. S. Case, M.D.,Joseph H. Davis, M.D.,Halbert E. Fillinger, Jr., M.D. ,Bruce H. Hanley, Esq.,Randy Hanzlick, M.D.,Richar [Attorney General, List, Guidelines, Investigation]Thinking Globally to Act Locally: NIJ Improves Worldwide Access to Criminal Justice Information 02/01/2002

    By G. Martin Lively

    Five articles from the National Institute of Justice Journal regarding Prison based therapeutic companies, Violence against Women, Street gang migration, and a feature about Thinking Globally To Act Locally:NIJ Improves Worldwide Access to Criminal Justice Information. [Crime, Criminal Justice, Offenders, Drug-abuse,Violence, Migration, Violence Against Women]A Police Guide to Surveying Citizens and Their Environment – Monograph 02/01/2002

    By Nancy G. LaVigne and John E. Eck

    An abstract which addresses the possibility of using surveys to better help Police Officers to Understand Citizens and thier environment to assess how the role of the Police Officer is understood in the community(ies). [Police, Guide, Citizens, Survey,Environment, law enforcement]Controlling Police Use of Excessive Force: The Role of the Police Psychologist 02/01/2002

    By Ellen M. Scrivner

    The role of Police Psychologists in determing Police Officers capable of excessive force, and possible prevention. [Excessive force, Police, Control, Psychologist, law enforcement]Southeast Asia And The U.S. War On Terrorism 06/01/2002

    By Sheldon W. Simon

    over the long run, Southeast Asian states must change the political/social/economic milieu in which terrorism breeds. Specifically, socio-economic development in the southern Philippines; economic recovery in Indonesia as well as the restoration of law and order in the Moluccas and Sulawesi; and sti [Terrorism]Victim Participation in the Criminal Justice Process 04/01/2002

    By Peggy M. Tobolowski

    This article examines the federal and state constitutional, legislative, and judical action, as well as its empirical and policy analysis, to determine what has been accomplished regarding the expansion of victim participation in the criminal justice process in the fifteen years since the President’ [Victim, Crime, Civil, Participation]Internal Prison Classification Systems: Case Studies in Their Development and Implementation 01/01/2002

    By Patricia L. Hardyman, Ph.D.,James Austin, Ph.D.,Jack Alexander, Ph.D.,Kelly Dedel Johnson, Ph.D.,Owan C. Tulloch, M.C.P.

    The past decade has witnessed tremendous growth in the number of adult prison systems that employ objective external classification systems to determine the appropriate custody levels for increasing numbers of adult inmates. Recognizing the critical need to develop and refine internal classificatio [internal, prison, classification, systems]CyberNotes 04/01/2002

    By Department of Homeland Security

    This periodical provides security and information system professionals with timely information on cyber vulnerabilities, hacker exploit scripts, hacker trends, virus information, and other critical infrastructure-related best practices. [Cybercrime, Security, Computers, Information, Hacker(s)]Best Practices for Wireless Fidelity (802.11b) Network Vulnerabilities 04/01/2002

    By National Infrastructure Protection Center

    Article discusses the growing popularity in wireless network systems and offers security tips on how to reduce vulnerability from anyone who wants to expolit them. [Cybercrime, Computers, Security, WEECA, WEP]Cyber Protests: The Threat to the U.S. Information Infrastructure 04/01/2002

    By National Infrastructure Protection Center

    With increasing computer technology and better hacking tools, Cyper protests and hactivism pose an increasing threat to U.S. national interests. [Cybercrime, activism, hacking, protest]Cyber Protests Related to the War on Terrorism: The Current Threat 04/01/2002

    By NIPC

    Paper discusses the rise in threats to the U.S. information infrastructure since September 11 and the potential for distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks. [Cybercrime, terrorism, Security, Computers, Information, Hacker(s)]Password Protection 101 04/01/2002

    By National Infrastructure Protection Center

    Desciption of the many types of weak passwords people often use and offers suggestions for formulating passwords that would keep criminals from doing any cyber damage. [Cybercrime, Passwords,Security,Computer hackers]Declaration of Santiago Second Summit of the Americas 02/01/2002

    By

    DECLARATION OF SANTIAGO: II SUMMIT OF THE AMERICAS A brief summarization regarding the DECLARATION OF SANTIAGO: II SUMMIT OF THE AMERICAS,Santiago, Chile, April 18 – 19, 1998. [corruption, laundering, terrorisn, weapons trafficking, drugs]First Summit of the Americas Miami, Florida December 9-11, 1994 02/01/2002

    By

    A summarization of the first Summit of the Americas, held in Miami on December 9-11, 1994. [Democracy, Free Trade,Development, Americas ]Inter-American Anti-Corruption Network 02/01/2002

    By

    Home page to the Inter-American Anti-Corruption Network, where individuals interested in the prevention and fight against corruption interact. [Inter-American, Convention, Corruption, International, Organizations]Inter-American Program of Cooperation to Fight Corruption 02/01/2002

    By

    Resolution adopted at the seventh plenary session, held on June 5, 1997 [Inter-American, Corruption, Ethics, Public]Resolutions of General Assembly on Corruption 02/01/2002

    By

    Resolutions of General Assembly on Corruption: 1992 – 2002 [Corruption]Inter-American Convention Against Corruption 02/01/2002

    By

    Inter-American Convention Against Corruption [Text, Treaty, Signatories, Ratifications, Interamerican, Convention, Corruption]Plan of Action of the First Summit of the Americas Dealing with Corruption 12/01/1994

    By

    The heads of state and government participating in the 1994 Summit of the Americas in Miami, Florida, desirous of furthering the broad objectives set forth in their Declaration of Principles and mindful of the need for practical progress on the vital tasks of enhancing democracy, promoting developme [Corruption, Combat,OAS,OECD]Second Summit of the Americas and Corruption 02/01/2002

    By

    The Plan of Action and corruption for the SECOND SUMMIT OF THE AMERICAS, in Santiago Chile. [Corruption, Plan, Action, OAS, Democracy]Summits of the Americas 02/01/2002

    By

    The First, Second and Third Summits of the Americas, featuring Plans of Action and Declarations. [Summit, Americas, Corruption]Tentative Plan of Activities for 1997 and 1998 Program for Inter-American Cooperation in the fight against corruption 02/01/2002

    By

    TENTATIVE PLAN OF ACTIVITIES FOR 1997 AND 1998 PROGRAM FOR INTER-AMERICAN COOPERATION IN THE FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION. [Inter-American, Convention, Corruption, International]Enhancement of Probity in the Hemisphere and Follow-up on the Inter-American Program for Cooperation in the Fight Against Corruption 02/01/2002

    By

    Resolution adopted at the third plenary session, held on June 2, 1998 [corruption, Inter-American, State, Government]Second Meeting of Ministers of Justice or of Ministers or Attorneys General of the Americas 02/01/2002

    By

    Resolution adopted at the third plenary session, held on June 2, 1998 [Organization, OAS, Second Summit, Americas,justice ]Probity and Public Ethics 02/01/2002

    By

    Resolution adopted at the eighth plenary session, held on June 7, 1996 [Ethics, Public, Corruption, deregulation, privatization,simplification ]Inter-American Program for Cooperation in the Fight Against Corruption 02/01/2002

    By

    Resolution adopted at the seventh plenary session, held on June 5, 1997) [Corruption, Inter-American, Convention, Transnational, Ethics]Inter-American Program for Cooperation and the Fight Against Corruption 02/01/2002

    By

    The member states of the Organization of American States (OAS), within the framework of the purposes and principles set forth in the Charter of the Organization, bearing in mind the commitment made by the heads of state and government at the Summit of the Americas in 1994 to fight the scourge of cor [OAS, Corruption, Convention, Inter-American, Bribes]Declaracion de Belem do Para (1994) y Corrupcion 02/01/2002

    By

    [Democracy, Justice, Transparency]Codigo de Conducta de los Servidores Publicos 02/01/2002

    By

    [Anti-Corruption, Socio-Political-Economical, ]Primera Cumbre de las Americas – Miami, Florida Diciembre 9-11, 1994: Declaracion Primera Cumbre y Corrupcion 02/01/2002

    By

    [Corruption, Economic, Democracy]Plan de Accion y Declaracion sobre Corrupcion, Primera y Segunda Cumbre de las Americas 02/01/2002

    By

    [Plan of Action, Declaration, Corruption ]Primera Cumbre de las Americas – Miami, Florida Diciembre 9-11, 1994: Plan de Accion y Corrupcion 02/01/2002

    By

    [Corruption, Democracy, International]Declaracion de Montrouis: Una Nueva Vision de la OEA (1995) 02/01/2002

    By

    [Globalization, Organization, Human rights, Women, Children]Declaracion Segunda Cumbre y Corrupcion 02/01/2002

    By

    [Corruption, Execution, International, Money laundering]Documento de Apoio submetido pela Delegacao Brasileira ao Simposio sobre Fortalecimento da Probidade no Hemisferio 02/01/2002

    By

    [United Nations, Corruption, Justice, Government]B-58: Convencion Interamericana Contra La Corrupcion 02/01/2002

    By

    [Conventions, Extradition, Articles, Corruption, InterAmerican]Informe del Grupo de Trabajo sobre Probidad y Etica Civicaen Relacion al Programa Interamericano de Cooperacionen la lucha contra la corrupcion 02/01/2002

    By

    In Spanish, unable to translate. [Corruption, Inter-American, Convention, Transnational, Extradition]Disposiciones de la Convencion Interamericana Contra la Corrupcion 02/01/2002

    By

    [In Spanish (cannot translate)]Plan Tentativo de Actividades para 1997 y 1998 Programa InterAmericano de Cooperacion para combatir la corrupcion 02/01/2002

    By

    [In Spanish (cannot translate)]Programa Interamericano de Cooperacion para Combatir la Corrupcion 02/01/2002

    By

    [In Spanish (cannot translate)]Resolucion aprobadando el Programa interamericano de cooperacion para combatir la corrupcion 02/01/2002

    By

    [corruption]Programa Interamericano de Cooperacion para Combatir la Corrupcion (1997) 02/01/2002

    By

    [In Spanish (cannot translate)]Informe de la Relatoria Constituida por las Delegaciones de Argentina, Canada y Venezuela: Simposio sobre el Fortalecimiento de la Probidad en el Hemisferio (Chile, 1998) 02/01/2002

    By

    [In Spanish (cannot translate)]Resoluciones de la Asamblea General de la OEA Referente a la Corrupcion 02/01/2002

    By

    []Convencion Interamericana Contra la Corrupcion 02/01/2002

    By

    [corruption]Practicas Corruptas en el Comercio Internacional 02/01/2002

    By

    [InterAmerican, Corruption, Declaration, Transparency International]Probidad y Etica Civica 02/01/2002

    By

    [Democracy, Corruption, Human rights, Politics]Informe Anual del Comite Juridico Interamericano 02/01/2002

    By

    [Organization, Interamerican]Probidad y Etica Civica 02/01/2002

    By

    [InterAmerican, Corruption, Declaration, Transparency International]Informe Anual del Comite Juridico Interamericano 02/01/2002

    By

    [InterAmerican, Corruption, Declaration, Transparency International]Probidad y Etica Civica 02/01/2002

    By

    [Corruption, democracy, inter-American]Convencion Interamericana Contra la Corrupcion 02/01/2002

    By

    [Declaration,Corruption, Secretary General]Programa Interamericano de Cooperacion para Combatir la Corrupcion 02/01/2002

    By

    [Corruption, Interamerican, Convention]Fortaleciento de la Probidad en el Hemisferio y Seguimiento del Programa Interamericano de Cooperacion para Combatir la Corrupcion 02/01/2002

    By

    [Corruption, Interamerican, Convention]Segunda Reunion de Ministros de Justicia o de Ministros o Procuradores Generales de las Americas 02/01/2002

    By

    [Corruption, Multidisciplinaries, Justice]Legislacion Modelo Sobre Enriquecimiento Ilicito y Soborno Transnacional 02/01/2002

    By

    [transnational organized crime]Ponencia del Dr. Juan Antonio Chahin Lupo Viceministro de Justicia Desde el Estado y en Democracia Globlizar la Etica Publica 02/01/2002

    By

    [Corruption, Declaration, Democracy]Texto da Intervencao do Delegado Brasileiro 02/01/2002

    By

    [Corruption, International, Transnational ]Notes for a Presentation 02/01/2002

    By Howard R. Wilson

    In Canada and elsewhere criminal penalties were, in the past, considered totally sufficient to guarantee the protection of the public interest, but no longer is this the case. In Canada, as has happened elsewhere, there is a high degree of cynicism about the real objectives of those in public life. [Corruption, democracy, inter-American, criminal]Discurso de Clausura del Simposio 02/01/2002

    By

    [InterAmerican, Corruption, Declaration, Transparency International]Un Proposito Comun: La Promocion de la Transparencia 02/01/2002

    By

    [Corruption, Anit-corruption, IntraAmerican]Intervencion del Secretario General de la OEA, Cesar Gaviria Trujillo, en la sesion inaugural del simposio sobre el fortalecimiento de la probidad en el hemisferio 02/01/2002

    By

    [International, Modernization, Corruption, Convention]Intervencion de la delegacion de Guatemala simposio sobre fortalecimiento de la probidad en el hemisferio 02/01/2002

    By

    [modernización, descentralización y desconcentración del sector público, y en ese sentido]Propuesta de la Delegacion de Honduras 02/01/2002

    By

    [Corruption, Administration]Discurso del Ministro de Relaciones Exteriores De Chile, Don Jose Miguel Insulza: Simposio sobre el fortalecimiento de la probidad en el hemisferio (chile 1998) 02/01/2002

    By DON JOSE MIGUEL INSULZA

    []Presentacion del Senor Enrique Lagos, Subsecretario de Asuntos Juridicos de la Organizacion de los Estados Americanos 02/01/2002

    By

    [In Spanish (cannot translate)]Simposio Sobre el Fortalecimieto de la Probidad en el Hemisferio 02/01/2002

    By

    [In Spanish (cannot translate)]Report by the Group of Rapporteurs 02/01/2002

    By

    The statements by the State representatives-both those on the progress of general programs and those on the experience acquired in implementing specific institutions or research with considerable social impact, due to their complexity and dimensions-pointed to the absolute necessity of steadfast pol [Corruption, World Bank, Latin America]Ponencia del lic. Justo Pedro Castellanos, Sub-Procurador General de la Republica, director del Departamento de prevencion de la corrupcion de la Republica Dominicana 02/01/2002

    By

    [In Spanish (cannot translate)]The Fight Against Corruption in Latin America and the Caribbean: A World Bank View. 11/01/1998

    By Mr. Geoffrey Shepherd

    Corruption occurs at the confluence of individual motivations to behave corruptly and opportunities for misuse of public resources. Civil-society institutions operate more strongly in the area of motivation and national governments and international agencies like the World Bank in the area of opport [Corruption, World Bank, Latin America, rule of law, ]Fighting Bribery in International Business Deals 11/01/2003

    By Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    Bribing public officials to obtain international business raises serious moral and political concerns, undermines good governance and economic development, and distorts international competitive conditions. The OECD has played a leading role in the battle against bribery and corruption in intern [corruption, transnational organized crime]Probation and Parole in the United States, 2001 08/01/2002

    By Lauren E. Glaze

    Reports the number of persons on probation and parole, by State, at year end 2001 and compares the totals with yearend 1990 and 1995. It lists the States with the largest and smallest parole and probation populations and the largest and smallest rates of community supervision, and identifies the Sta [probation and parole]Recidivism of Prisoners Released in 1994 07/01/2002

    By Patrick A. Langan, Ph.D., David J. Levin, Ph.D.

    Reports on the rearrest, reconviction, and reincarceration of former inmates who were tracked for 3 years after their release from prisons in 15 States in 1994. The former inmates represent two-thirds of all prisoners released in the United States that year. The report includes prisoner demographic [recidivism, prisons]WORLD FACTBOOK OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS 06/01/2002

    By Mahesh Nalla

    An article about the Criminal Justice System in Singapore. Included are such topics as Singapore’s political system, legal system, crime in Singapore, victims of crime, police, and technology used in fighting crime. [Law enforcement,crime victims,Drugs and Crime]The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Brazil 06/01/2003

    By Pedro Scuro

    This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002. [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Republic of Colombia 06/01/2003

    By Rafael Campo Vasquez, Rosa Margarita Vargas de Roa, Rene Montenegro Ortiz, Francisco Abondano Vidales, Pilar Gamboa

    This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002. [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Costa Rica 06/01/2003

    By Jose Maria Rico

    This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002. [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Mexico 06/01/2003

    By Ernesto Lopez Portillo, Carlos Becerril Torres

    This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002. [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Venezuela 06/01/2003

    By Christopher Birkbeck

    This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002 [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]Cybercrime against Businesses: Pilot test results, 2001 Computer Security Survey 03/01/2004

    By Ramona R. Rantala

    Among 198 businesses responding to a 2001 pilot survey, 74% reported being a victim of cybercrime. Other findings on the 198 businesses included the following: nearly two-thirds had been victimized by a computer virus at least once; a quarter had experienced denial of service attacks, such a [cybercrime, statistics]Intimate Partner Violence, 1993-2001 02/01/2003

    By Callie Marie Rennison, Ph.D.

    According to estimates from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), there were 691,710 nonfatal violent victimizations committed by current or former spouses, boyfriends, or girlfriends of the victims during 2001 (table 1). Such crimes — intimate partner violence — primarily involve [violence against women, statistics, domestic violence]Rape and Sexual Assault: Reporting to Police and Medical Attention, 1992-2000 08/01/2002

    By Callie Marie Rennison, Ph.D.

    Persons age 12 or older experienced an average annual 140,990 completed rapes, 109,230 attempted rapes, and 152,680 completed and attempted sexual assaults between 1992 and 2000, according to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) (table 1). Most rapes and sexual assaults were commit [sexual assault, violence against women]DATOS MUNDIALES SOBRE LOS SISTEMAS DE JUSTICIA CRIMINAL: Colombia 07/01/2001

    By Rafael Campo Vasquez, Rosa Margarita Vargas de Roa, Rene Montenegro Ortiz, Francisco Abondano Vidales, Carolina Delgado

    This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002 [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]DATOS MUNDIALES SOBRE LOS SISTEMAS DE JUSTICIA CRIMINAL: Costa Rica 01/01/2003

    By Jose Maria Rico

    This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002 [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]DATOS MUNDIALES SOBRE LOS SISTEMAS DE JUSTICIA CRIMINAL: Mexico 01/01/2003

    By Ernesto Lopez Portillo

    This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002 [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]DATOS MUNDIALES SOBRE LOS SISTEMAS DE JUSTICIA CRIMINAL: VENEZUELA 01/01/2003

    By Christopher Birkbeck

    This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002 [criminal justice, crime, courts, law enforcement]Consolidating Protection Against Ever-Escalating Violation: Case of PRERANA’s Intervention for Protection of the Rights of Victims of Commercial Sexual Exploitation in India 04/01/2002

    By Patkar, Priti and Patkar, Parvin

    PRERANA is a voluntary organization working primarily in the state of Maharashtra in India on the issues of Commercial Sexual Exploitation (CSE) and Trafficking for the past 14 years. It started working in the red-light area of Kamathipura Mumbai which is infamous as the most dreaded and largest re [trafficking, sex offenders]Policing a Multicultural Society 04/01/2003

    By Israel National Police, Community & Civil Guard Department

    This special issue highlights papers presented at a conference co-chaired by the National Institute of Justice and the Israel National Police’s Community & Civil Guard Department on policing a multi cultural society. [policy, community policing]Victims Rights and Services for the 21st Century 04/01/2002

    By New Directions Staff

    This is a comprehensive report and set of recommendations on victims rights and services from and concerning virtually every community involved with crime victims across the nation. The report is the result of more than three years work by more than 1,000 individuals in different professions. [Crime(s), Victim(s) Rights, Assistance, Compensation]Understanding DNA Evidence: A Guide for Victim Service Providers 04/01/2001

    By Kathryn M.Turman

    The importance of DNA evidence has grown considerably in recent years as improved technology renders more accurate results and DNA evidence is used more frequently to convict or exonerate defendants. As a result of its awesome ability to convict a perpetrator or exonerate a convicted offender, parti [dna, victims of crime, violence against women, rape, ]Good Governance for Africa: Whose Governance? 03/01/1996

    By Anje Kruiter

    The whole question of governance in Africa was debated by Africans and Europeans at a recent academic conference held at the Limburg University in Maastricht, the Netherlands. (excerpted from the Author) [Good governance, World Bank, Africa, Europe]Bishkek International Conference on Enhancing Security and Stability in Central Asia: Strengthening Comprehensive Efforts to Counter Terrorism (large file) 04/01/2002

    By Dr. William Hoynck

    This summary report contains the documents, speeches, and interventions of this conference which was held in December 2001. [Security, Counter Terrorism, Asia, Bishkek]Are the People Victims or Accomplices? — The Use of Presents and Bribes to Influence Officials in Eastern Europe 12/01/1998

    By William L. Miller, Ase B. Grodeland, and Tatyana Y. Koshechkina

    Our principal concern is not with high-level corruption involving senior politicians and officials or top businessmen, but with the role of corruption in the everyday interactions between citizens and the state. (excerpted from the Authors) [reform, Central, Eastern Europe, Government, bribery, corruption]House of Lords Judgments 02/01/2002

    By

    The House Of Lords Judgements, with Titles of Cases in order by year. [House of Lords, Judgements]Compstat and Organizational Change in the Lowell Police Department: Challenges and Opportunities 03/01/2004

    By James Willis, Stephen Mastrofski, David Weisburd, and Rosann Greenspan

    cities must report to the FBI. A significant change in police practice ensued when the simple database became an elaborate program where police entered crime reports into a computer system that sorted them by type. With the continuing evolution of the program, officers began scrutinizing the s [Technology in law enforcement]Trends in Proprietary Information Loss Survey Report 12/31/1999

    By American Society for Industrial Security/PricewaterhouseCoopers

    Over the past few years this annual report has highlighted the fact that documented losses of trade secrets and other proprietary information cost US companies tens of billions of dollars annually. Recent high profile incidents involving major U.S. companies illustrate that misappropriation of sensi [cybercrime]Forging America’s New Normalcy: Securing Our Homeland, Preserving Our Liberty (Gilmore Commision 5th Report) 12/01/2003

    By Advisory Panel To Assess Domestic Response for Terrorism Involving Weapons of Mass Destruction

    This report attempts to define a future state of security against terrorism for the United States. [terrorism]Terrorism and Rail Security 03/01/2004

    By JACK RILEY

    Since the 1970s, RAND has maintained databases of terrorism incidents now containing information on more than 16,000 terrorist attacks. Our contributions to terrorism studies prior to the attacks of September 11 included analysis of the rise of extremist religious motivations in terrorist attacks [terrorism, international issues]Arms Trafficking and Colombia 12/01/2003

    By Kim Cragin, Bruce Hoffman

    The extent and type of weaponry currently available to terrorists, insurgents, and other criminals are enormous. These groups have exploited and developed local, regional, and global supply channels to traffic in munitions and equipment worldwide. Their access to weaponry is facilitated through [arms trafficking, weapons, terrorism]Finding and Fixing Vulnerabilities in Information Systems: The Vulnerability Assessment & Mitigation Methodology 06/01/2003

    By Philip S. Anton, Robert H. Anderson, Richard Mesic, Michael Scheiern

    Understanding an organization’s reliance on information systems and how to mitigate the vulnerabilities of these systems can be an intimidating challenge—especially when considering less well-known weaknesses or even unknown vulnerabilities that have not yet been exploited. The authors introduce the [cybercrime]Terrorism & Development: Using Social and Economic Development to Inhibit a Resurgence of Terrorism 12/01/2003

    By Kim Cragin, Peter Chalk

    This report examines social and economic development policies enacted by three countries—Israel, the Philippines, and the United Kingdom—to inhibit a resurgence of terrorist violence within their territorial jurisdictions. The analysis focuses on development initiatives that have been incorporat [terrorism]”Seacurity”: Improving the Security of the Global Sea-Container Shipping System 12/01/2003

    By Maarten van de Voort, Kevin A. O’Brien With: Adnan Rahman, Lorenzo Valeri

    The purpose of this document is to raise awareness concerning the current status of maritime security and its vulnerability to terrorism. The main obstacles in achieving a less vulnerable maritime system are identified. Beginning with issues regarding threats to maritime and—more specifically—to con [terrorism]Benchmarking Security and Trust in Europe and the US 04/01/2003

    By Leon Cremonini and Lorenzo Valeri

    Information and network security are crucial to ensuring wide participation in the information society. There is a lack of reliable data on citizens’ security and privacy concerns, the impact of these concerns on the diffusion of electronic commerce, and the amount and type of breaches suffered by [cybercrime]Cyberpayments and Money Laundering: Problems and Promise 01/01/1998

    By Roger C. Molander, David A. Mussington, Peter A. Wilson

    This report summarizes research performed by RAND for the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) of the U.S. Department of the Treasury as part of FinCEN?s overall effort to examine potential money laundering concerns raised by the deployment of Cyberpayment systems. This report should be of [cybercrime, money laundering, fraud]AL QAEDA,TRENDS IN TERRORISM AND FUTURE POTENTIALITIES: AN ASSESSMENT 05/01/2003

    By Bruce Hoffman

    This paper assesses current trends in terrorism and future potentialities. It examines first the presumed state of al Qaeda today with particular reference to its likely agenda in a post–Iraq war world. It then more broadly focuses on some key current terrorism trends in order to understand bette [terrorism]Communication and Democracy: Coincident Revolutions and the Emergent Dictator’s Dilemma 01/01/1997

    By Christopher R. Kedzie

    Protecting and expanding democracy around the globe is a perennial national security interest for the United States. A standard vehicle for democratization has been economic development. The two are linked in a scholarly tradition and conventional wisdom, the dominant strain of which has held that d [human rights, dictator, government]Getting To Outcomes 2004: Promoting Accountability Through Methods and Tools for Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation 01/01/2004

    By Matthew Chinman, Pamela Imm, Abraham Wandersman

    Incorporating traditional evaluation, empowerment evaluation, results-based accountability, and continuous quality improvement, this manual’s ten-step process enhances practitioners’ substance abuse prevention skills while empowering them to plan, implement, and evaluate their own programs. The manu [juvenile drug abuse, juvenile alcohol abuse]Homeland Security: A Compendium of Public and Private Organizations” Policy Recommendations 12/01/2003

    By John V. Parachini, Lynn E. Davis, Timothy Liston

    Over the past several years, a number of public and private institutions, advisory panels, and various “think tanks” have addressed the challenge of how to best approach the task of providing security for the U.S. homeland. The mandates of each of these organizations have differed, as have their ar [terrorism]Aboriginal Organized Crime in Canada: Developing a Typology for Understanding and Strategizing Responses 12/01/2003

    By E.J. Dickson-Gilmore, PhD.

    The present study explores the theory and the reality of aboriginal participation in organized crime in Canada, engaging the possibility of a definition of aboriginal organized crime and the proposal of a typology of participants. In considering the development of a definition, the researchers expan [organized crime]CCTV: Literature Review and Bibliography 05/01/2003

    By Wade Deisman

    There is a significant body of research on closed circuit television, there is a need for an independent assessment of the record of evidence in order to determine what we know about the effects of CCTV. This review is a response to that need and describes what we know about the impact of CCTV on cr [crime prevention, crime patterns, technology in law enforcement]Criminal Networks 03/01/2003

    By Vincent Lemieux, Ph.D.

    This report on criminal networks is divided into three parts dealing with the following elements: 1) Criminal organizations are both networks and businesses. This report, however, deals more with criminal networks than with businesses. 2) Criminal organizations, when viewed as networks, have chara [transnational organized crime, crime patterns, ]The Direct and Indirect Impacts of Organized Crime on Youth, as Offenders and Victims 03/01/2003

    By Holly Richter-White, M.A.

    The impact of organized crime on children and youth is both broad and direct, and yet often indirect. One of the major impacts organized crime has on youth is their recruitment into criminal activity. This is, however, only one part of the broader impact on youth. There are other areas that can dire [juvenile crime, juvenile offenders, juvenile victims of crime]A Report on the Evaluation of RCMP Restorative Justice Initiative: Community Justice Forum as Seen by Participants 12/01/1999

    By Jharna Chatterjee, Ph.D.

    Restorative justice can generally be described as a way of dealing with the harm caused by an offence by involving the victims, the offenders, and the community that has been affected. The outcomes that are sought include restoring harmony in the community by repairing, as much as possible, both mat [restorative justice, victims, victim offender mediation, victim services]Media Coverage of Organized Crime: Impact on Public Opinion? 06/01/2002

    By Judith Dubois

    Based on some topic-related studies, the criminal events that the media decide to report on are not necessarily always those, in actual fact, that are the most significant in terms of frequency, trends or range of offenders involved. The little research we were able to find indicates that the media [organized crime, media]Trafficking In Human Beings and Organized Crime: A Literature Review 04/01/2002

    By Christine Bruckert, Ph.D., Colette Parent, Ph.D.

    The issue of the trafficking in human beings started to be raised during the latter part of the 1980s did not really enter into the mainstream until the 1990s. The available material is limited and analysis of it has largely been based on research reports and coverage by the media. In light of the s [transnational organized crime, human trafficking, violence against women]Minelres-L Mailing List Archive 02/01/2002

    By

    [Unable to Translate]Law of Ukraine on Judicial Expertise 05/01/2002

    By

    [courts, judges]Instructions for the Appointment of Judicial Experts 05/01/2002

    By

    [courts, witnesses]Resolution of the Supreme Court of Ukraine from 30 May 1997 on Judicial Expertise in Criminal and Civil Cases 05/01/2002

    By

    [courts, witnesses]Literature on Judicial Expertise as Evidence in Criminal Cases 05/01/2002

    By

    []Annual Report on School Safety, 2000 10/01/2000

    By U.S. Department of Education

    This annual report presents an updated description of the nature and extent of crime on school properties. [crime, school safety, annual report]Indicators of School Crime, 2002 02/01/2002

    By The National Center for Educational Statistics and the Bureau of Justice Statistics

    This report provides detailed statistical information to inform the nation on the current nature of crime schools. [juveniles, crime in schools]Human Rights in Southeast Asia: Issues for the Twenty First Century 07/01/2002

    By Catharin E. Dalpino

    [human rights]The Role of Law Enforcement in Combating Human and Drug Trafficking 01/01/2000

    By Sandro Calvani

    This article discusses the role of law enforcement in combatting human and drug trafficking. [drug trafficking, human trafficking, police, slavery, law enforcement, violence against women, transnational organized crime]Drug Criminals are using the High tech as a new Weapon 02/01/2002

    By Dr. Sandro Calvani

    This article discusses how drug trafficking organizations and drug criminals are taking advantage of new technologies and how their activities are becoming more difficult to detect using traditional law enforcement techniques. [drug smuggling, drug trafficking, cybercrime,International Issues]Asian Pacific Peoples are Searching for an Enduring Freedom from Illicit Drugs and Drug Related Crime 10/01/2001

    By Dr. Sandro Calvani

    A report given by Dr. Sandro Calvani about drug production and trafficking within the Asia and Pacific regions. Topics discussed are Opiun and Heroin production and drug related crime. [Drugs and Crime]The Twenty Most Critical Internet Security Vulnerabilities (Updated) The Experts Consensus 10/01/2003

    By SANS (SysAdmin, Audit, Network, Security) Institute

    This updated SANS Top Twenty is actually two Top Ten lists: the ten most commonly exploited vulnerable services in Windows and the ten most commonly exploited vulnerable services in UNIX and Linux. Although there are thousands of security incidents each year affecting these operating systems, the ov [cybercrime]Law of Ukraine on the Battle Against Corruption 04/01/2002

    By Security Service of Ukraine

    [law, policy, former soviet republics, security service, kgb]Law of Ukraine on the use of Surveillance in Investigations 04/01/2002

    By Security Service of Ukraine

    [law, policy, former soviet republics, security service, kgb]The Law of Ukraine on the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) 04/01/2002

    By Security Service of Ukraine

    [law, policy, former soviet republics, security service, kgb]Law of Ukraine on State Secrets 04/01/2002

    By Security Service of Ukraine

    [courts, police, law enforcement]The Law of Ukraine on the Organizational Base for the Fight Against Organized Crime 04/01/2002

    By Security Service of Ukraine

    [law, policy, former soviet republics, security service, kgb]History of the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) 12/03/2003

    By Security Service of Ukraine (SBU)

    History of the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) [security service, secret police, law enforcement]Crown Office, Procurator Fiscal Service and Scottish Court Service Joint Statement on Crown Witnesses 04/01/2002

    By Crown Witnesses

    Scott Court shared statement which sets shared and individual responsibilities in relation to the crown witness. [Scottish Court, Responsibilities, Crown]Stalking and Harassment Consultation Paper 04/01/2002

    By Scottish Executive

    This paper sets out the key issues associated with stalking and harassment; considers how these are dealt with at present by both the criminal and civil law; and seeks views on whether improvements to the law or other changes (for instance, to policing practice) are needed in order to deal more effe [Stalking, Harassment, Physical Assault, Civil, Criminal, violence against women]Towards a Just Conclusion: Vulnerable and Intimidated Witnesses in Scottish Criminal and Civil Cases 11/01/1998

    By The Scottish Office

    This consultative document describes the help given to vulnerable and intimidated witnesses in Scotland and proposes what might be done. [Scottish Court, Responsibilities,Witnesses]The Physical Punishment of Children in Scotland: A Consultation 04/01/2002

    By Scottish Executive Justice Department

    The paper sets the issue of physical punishment in the context of the Scottish Executive’s wider policy aims in support of families, and summarises current prevailing attitudes towards the issue. It outlines the existing law; explains in more detail why change is needed; sets out our proposed [Devolution, Discipline, Criminal, Punishment, Children]Towards a Just Conclusion Action Plan 04/01/2002

    By Scottish Executive

    This Action Plan presents the results of the Scottish consultation, provides information about the progress on Towards a Just Conclusion which has been made to date, and sets out a timetable for the achievement of the remaining recommendations. [Crime, Scottish Executive,Office(ers)]Presidential Decree on the Creation of an Economic Appeals Court 04/01/2002

    By

    [courts, economic crime]Decree of the President of Ukraine on the properties and enumeration of city courts 04/01/2002

    By

    [courts]Decree of the President of Ukraine on the properties and enumeration of appeals courts 04/01/2002

    By

    [courts]Decree of the President of Ukraine on the formation of military appeals courts and local military courts 04/01/2002

    By

    [courts]Ukrainian Code of Administrative Procedure 04/01/2002

    By

    [courts, case processing]Law on the Court System of Ukraine 04/01/2002

    By

    []Structure of the Supreme Court of Ukraine 04/01/2002

    By

    [courts]The Court System of Ukraine 04/01/2002

    By

    [courts]Sexual Abuse of Minors 04/01/2002

    By European Affairs Service

    Table of Contents (in Francais) for a report by Senat.fr about Sexual Abuse of Minors. [Abuse, Sexual, Minors]Repression of Child Pornography 04/01/2002

    By European Affairs Service

    Table of Contents (in Francais) regarding a report on the Repression of Child Pornography. [Pornography, Repression, Children]Indonesia and Singapore: Understanding and Being Understood 06/01/2002

    By Jusuf Wanandi, Simon SC Tay

    Indonesians have been angered by Senior Minister Lee Kuan Yew’s remarks that there are terrorist networks in their country. Most Singaporeans, however, do not understand why. American leaders have made similar statements previously and most analysts agree that such connections do exist. [terrorism, Indonesia, Singapore]Burma and Singapore: strange bedfellows 06/01/2002

    By Dr Chee Soon Juan

    SINGAPORE’S draconian measures against drug trafficking have been both lauded and denounced. Advocates of capital punishment for drug traffickers applaud the Singapore government’s tough stand of executing these criminals. Their opponents show reprobation of such harsh penalty. But while such debate [Drug trafficking,Death penalty]The Money Trap: Stopping the Spread of Corruption 06/01/2003

    By Open Society Institute

    Corruption has no easy definition—behavior tolerated as normal, or at least necessary, in one place may be seen as deviant and punishable by fines and jail time in another. Both attitudes can often be found in the same country, with one kind of corruption condemned as evil while another is dismisse [corruption, transnational organized crime]International criminal law – (Guide to resources on the Internet) 02/01/2002

    By Massimo Magagni

    The Research Guide to International Law on the Internet, featuring links to International Criminal Court, Ad-Hoc Tribunals, and War Crimes Tribunal Watch. [International, Law, Criminal, Guide, Internet]Mpeg3: The Next Wave in Internet Audio Piracy 02/11/1997

    By Neil Seghal

    Until recently copyrights have, for the most part, been a reasonably effective deterrent to piracy. But with increasing advances in technology, information becomes easier and easier to pirate. Digital information, ranging from computer programs to the web page you are reading, is simply a string o [cybercrime]Institutionalized Corruption: Implications for Legal Reform in Indonesia and the Need to Make Haste Slowly 07/01/2002

    By Curtis E. Renoe

    This article discusses corruption and law reform in Indonesia. [corruption, Legal Reform]Battling International Bribery 07/01/2003

    By U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs

    The Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions (Antibribery Convention) of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is one of the most important instruments through which the U.S. government fights transnational corr [bribery, corruption, international cooperation]Country Reports on Human Rights Practices 03/04/2002

    By U.S. Department of State

    The Reports provide, to the best of our ability, a comprehensive and accurate picture of human rights conditions throughout the world. They offer a basis from which we can continue to further our goals of promoting the rights and dignity of all peoples and assisting in the development of free, plur [human rights, terrorism]Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2002 03/31/2003

    By U.S. Department of State

    This year’s report covers 196 countries, ranging from defenders of human rights and democracy to the worst violators of human dignity. But in truth, no country is exempt from scrutiny, and all countries benefit from constant striving to identify their weaknesses and improve their performance in this [human rights, terrorism]International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (1999) 03/01/2000

    By U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

    In attempting to evaluate whether countries are meeting the goals and objectives of the 1988 UN Drug Convention, the Department has used the best information it has available. The Year 2000 INCSR covers countries that range from major drug producing and drug-transit countries, where drug control is [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime, drugs and crime, international cooperation]International Narcotics Control Strategy Report 03/01/2001

    By U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

    In attempting to evaluate whether countries and certain entities are meeting the goals and objectives of the 1988 UN Drug Convention, the Department has used the best information it has available. The 2001 INCSR covers countries that range from major drug producing and drug-transit countries, where [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime, drugs and crime, international cooperation]Narcotics Control Report 2000: Southeast Asia and the Pacific 06/01/2002

    By U.S. Department of State

    Australia is a committed partner in international efforts to combat illicit drugs. Australia is a consumer, rather than a producer, nation. There is no evidence of narcotics destined for the U.S. transiting Australia. U.S. and Australian law enforcement agencies have excellent cooperation on narcoti [Drugs and Crime,International Issues]International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (2001) 03/01/2002

    By U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

    In attempting to evaluate whether countries and certain entities are meeting the goals and objectives of the 1988 UN Drug Convention, the Department has used the best information it has available. The 2002 INCSR covers countries that range from major drug producing and drug-transit countries, where [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime, drugs and crime, international cooperation]International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (2002) 03/01/2003

    By U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

    The country chapters report upon actions-including plans, programs, and, where applicable, timetables-toward fulfillment of Convention obligations. Because the 1988 UN Drug Convention’s subject matter is so broad and availability of information on elements related to performance under the Convention [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime, drugs and crime, international cooperation]International Narcotics Control Strategy Report -2002: Southeast Asia and the Pacific 06/01/2003

    By Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

    This is the International Narcotics Control Strategy Reoprt. It discusses the Narcotics Control Strategy for several countries in Southeast Asia and the Pacific. [Drugs and Crime]Fundamento Legislativo del INCSR 03/01/2003

    By U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

    Aunque la Convención no contiene una lista de metas y objetivos, establece un número de obligaciones que las partes acuerdan asumir. En términos generales, requiere que las partes tomen medidas legales para ilegalizar y castigar todas las formas de producción de drogas ilícitas, tráfico y lavado de [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime, drugs and crime, international cooperation]Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000: Trafficking in Persons Report 2001 07/12/2001

    By U.S. Department of State

    Based on reliable estimates, as the Congress has noted, at least 700,000 persons, especially women and children, are trafficked each year across international borders. Some observers estimate that the number may be significantly higher. Victims are forced to toil in sweatshops, construction sites, b [trafficking, slavery, prostitution, sex crimes, transnational organized crime, victims, violence against women]Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000: Trafficking in Persons Report 2002 06/07/2002

    By U.S. Department of State

    This is the second annual Trafficking in Persons Report report to Congress, as required by the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, on the status of severe forms of trafficking in persons worldwide. Through this annual report, the United States seeks to bring international attention to the ho [trafficking, slavery, prostitution, sex crimes, transnational organized crime, victims]Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000: Trafficking in Persons Report 2003 11/05/2003

    By U.S. Department of State

    Human trafficking not only continues but appears to be on the rise worldwide. Many nations are touched by it in some way, serving as source, transit, and destination countries where human beings are procured, transported, and enslaved through forced labor or forced sexual exploitation. Traffickers e [trafficking, slavery, prostitution, sex crimes, transnational organized crime, victims, violence against women]Comprehensive List of Terrorists and Groups Identified Under Executive Order 13224 04/01/2002

    By The Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism

    Executive Order 13224, signed by President Bush on September 23, blocks the assets of organizations and individuals linked to terrorism. There are now 189 such groups, entities, and individuals covered by the Executive Order. This document contains a complete listing. [Terrorists, Groups, Most wanted, Lisitngs, terrorism]Patterns of Global Terrorism: 2000 04/30/2001

    By U.S. Department of State

    While the threat continues, 2000 saw the international community’s commitment to counterterrorism cooperation and ability to mobilize its resources grow stronger than ever. As a result, state-sponsored terrorism has continued to decline, international isolation of terrorist groups and countries has [terrorism]Patterns of Global Terrorism: 2001 05/01/2002

    By U.S. Department of State

    This chilling report details the very clear and present danger that terrorism poses to the world and the efforts that the United States and our partners in the international community are making to defeat it. The cold, hard facts presented here compel the world’s continued vigilance and concerted ac [terrorism]Patterns of Global Terrorism: 2002 04/01/2003

    By U.S. Department of State

    Despite solid progress, the danger persists. Al-Qaida is still planning attacks. Every al-Qaida operations officer captured so far was involved in some stage of preparation for a terrorist attack at the time of capture. Recent audiotapes by al-Qaida leaders contain exhortations to further violence [terrorism]U.S. Department of State 1997 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices 01/01/1998

    By

    Table of Contents for Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1997. [Table of Contents]Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 1998 02/01/2002

    By

    Reports released by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, U.S. Department of State, February 26, 1999. [Table of Contents]Country Reports on Human Rights Practices 1999 02/01/2000

    By Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor

    A review of human rights status around the around by the Clinton administration. [human rights]Country Reports on Human Rights Practices (1993-98) 02/01/2002

    By

    The Country Reports on Human Rights Practices are submitted annually by the U.S. Department of State to the U.S. Congress. The reports cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. (courtesy of state.gov) [Human Rights Report 1995-1999]International Narcotics Control Strategy Report 1997 02/26/1998

    By U.S. Department of State

    International Narcotics Control Strategy Report 1997 [drug trafficking, crime]International Narcotics Control Strategy Report, 1997 – Money Laundering 03/01/1998

    By

    Money laundering generally involves a series of multiple transactions used to disguise the source of financial assets so that those assets may be used without compromising the criminals who are seeking to use the funds. (courtesy of state.gov) [Money laundering, drug trafficker, criminal, terrorist, arms trafficker, blackmailer, credit card swindler]International Narcotics Report Certification Decisions Statements of Explanation 1999 03/01/2000

    By Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

    Individual statements of explanation for certification of various countries drug trade and control efforts [drugs, drug trafficking, transnational crime]The Future of International Criminal Justice 09/01/1997

    By David J. Scheffer

    The challenge is, regrettably, global in scope. In our times these crimes are the trademark of the former Yugoslavia, of Rwanda and Central Africa, of Cambodia, of Iraq, and other regions of the world. (excerpted from the Author) [criminal justice, international, genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes]Fiscal Year 2000 International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs Budget Congressional Presentation: Africa/Asia/Middle East 04/01/1999

    By

    The Narcotics Law Enforcement Project encompasses a Vientiane-based special counternarcotics law enforcement unit, located in the Ministry of Interior, and other units in the provinces. The strategy is to develop a counternarcotics infrastructure capable of interacting with law enforcement agencies [Drugs, Trafficking, Enforcement, Crop control, Budget]Fiscal Year 2000 International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs Budget Congressional Presentation: Interregional Aviation 04/01/1999

    By

    INL’s aviation program is positioned to support host governments worldwide in their efforts to locate and eradicate drug crops, interdict drug production and trafficking activities, and develop their own institutional counternarcotics aviation capabilities. (courtesy of state.gov) [Budget, Herbacides, Drugs, Trafficking, ]Fiscal Year 2000 International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs Budget Congressional Presentation: International Organizations 04/01/1999

    By

    Building effective counternarcotics institutions will strengthen democracy and promote the rule of law in many countries. (courtesy of state.gov) [Budget, Assistance, Drug(s), Assist, international]Foreign Policy After the Cold War: The New Threat — Transnational Crime 04/01/1996

    By Robert S. Gelbard

    Lifting the repressive state apparatus does not just lift the yoke from the shoulders of honest citizens. Dismantling the police state, opening the border, converting to a free market economy–these transitions have created opportunities all over the world for a growing number of sophisticated inter [organized, crime, Berlin Wall, Apartheid, peace, authoritarian and totalitarian ]Fighting Transnational Crime 12/01/1995

    By Robert S. Gelbard

    The Administration departments and agencies represented at this table each play an important role in our endeavors, as are numerous other federal organizations not present. (excerpted from the Author) [Crime, Transnational, Trafficking, Laundering, Drug(S)]Fighting Global Corruption: Business Risk Management 05/01/2000

    By

    This brochure is intended to provide a general description of corporate compliance programs, the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA), and emerging global anticorruption frameworks. It is not intended to substitute for the advice of legal counsel on specific issues related to the FCPA. Moreover [Anti-corruption, Accountability, Global, Ethics, Transparency]Guiding Principles for Fighting Corruption and Safeguarding Integrity Among Justice and Security Officials 02/01/2002

    By

    Corruption, dishonesty and unethical behavior among public: officials represent serious threats to the basic principles and values of government, undermining public confidence in democracy and threatening to erode the rule of law. The aim of these Guiding Principles is to promote public trust in [Corruption, dishonesty, unethical, public, officials]Remarks by the U.S. Under Secretary for Global Affairs Frank B. Loy 02/01/1999

    By Frank E. Loy

    In the newly independent states of the former Soviet Union and the former Eastern Bloc, where organized crime has taken root and flourished, we have put in place several rule-of-law assistance programs. (excerpted from the Author) [Corruption, Bribes, Law, Crime]Remarks of Andrew J. Pincus, General Counsel, U.S. Department of Commerce 02/01/1999

    By ANDREW J. PINCUS

    I am very pleased to have the opportunity to speak to you concerning the U.S. position on some of the international economic anti-corruption initiatives that you’ve been hearing about at this conference. (excerpted from the Author) [Bribery, Corruption, Foreign, International]Plenary Session: Ethics Regimes in the Public Sector 02/01/1999

    By Hon. Stephen D. Potts

    I would like to open this session with some brief observations on developments that have taken place in the last several years in the worldwide movement to combat corruption, and share with you my own perspective based on my experience as the Director of the U.S. Office of Government Ethics. (cou [Corruption, Government, Ethics, Bribery, Officials]Build Up a Clean and Efficient Government to Guarantee Sustained Development of Economy 02/01/2002

    By Mr. Zhao Hung-zhu

    An Address at the Anti-Corruption conference in Washington, DC by Mr. Zhao Hung-zhu on China’s iniative to combat corruption. [Corruption, Anti-corruption,Officials, Anti-smuggling]Internal Oversight: Prevention, Detection and Investigation 02/01/2002

    By Georgi Baramidze

    An address by Georgi Baramidze- Member of Georgian Parliament, about the Georgian government. [Corruption, Anti-corruption, Parliament, Georgia]International Efforts to Combat Corruption 02/01/1999

    By Prof. Dr. Mark Pieth

    For a long time Europeans have been wondering why the US have been so persistently seeking to internationalize their Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA). Of course they understood that US business was suffering from a competitive disadvantage especially in those regions of the world where corruptio [Corruption, Foreign, Europe, Bribery, Transnational]Plenary Session: Ethics Regimes in the Public Sector 02/01/1999

    By Prof. Enrico Zanelli,

    The end of the century provides a new perspective on some criminal and unethical behaviors, focussing on the separate concepts of fault and liability. (excerpted from the Author) [Transparency, Corruption, Ethics,Government, Politics]Remarks by Jose Luis Simon to Global Forum on Fighting Corruption 02/01/2002

    By Jose Luis Simon

    [In Spanish (indecipherable)]Remarks by Mr. Vasyl Durdynets to the Global Forum on Fighting Corruption 02/01/1999

    By Mr.Vasyl DURDYNETS

    The Ukrainian delegation supports proposals to enhance international cooperation, mobilize efforts and jointly seek the ways, means and legal frameworks to address comprehensively problems related to battling corruption and organized crime. (excerpted from the Author) [Anti-Corruption, Crime, Integrity, Officials]Strategies for Making Corruption Visible 02/01/1999

    By Nancy Zucker Boswell

    This panel focuses our attention on the role of those outside the government, such as the media, educators, and civic groups, in using information to combat corruption. The inclusion of this discussion at a conference on the role of justice and security officials may seem puzzling to some, but it is [Corruption, Security, Democracy, Global, Media]The Hashemite Kingdoom of Jordan, General Intelligence Department, Anti-Corruption Department 02/01/2002

    By Anti-Corruption Department

    As a result of its limited experience : the department is trying seriouslv to improve its conduct in fighting corruption . conseqiently , the department is seeking every possible apportunity to create ch’annles of contact and cooperation with local and international agancies . (courtesy of st [corruption, anti-corruption, Near east, intelligence, Jordan]The Impact of Government Online Initiatives on Democratic Participation 02/01/2002

    By Bridget Bainbridge and Martin Doddrell

    If everyone is – at least nominally – in favour of something called “democracy”, there is often little if no agreement as to what the word means, let alone the best ways of achieving it. “Democracy” was, after all, once famously dismissed by the English philosopher J L Austin as “notoriously useless [Democracy, People, Government, Participation, On-line]Language-Enhanced Telematic Services; European Actions, Developments and Future Requirements Toward Democracy within the Information Society 02/01/2002

    By N K Simpkins, L Pola, J Diver, M Zanotelli and E Morino

    The development of the information society requires that access to, and presentation of, information, knowledge and services is acceptable and usable for the (professional) target audience. To support a democratic process it is essential that this idea is extended to everyone, that we all have equal [producing, managing, government, developments,language]UK Citizens Online Democracy: An Experiment in Government-Supported Online Public Space 02/01/2002

    By Dr. Stephen Coleman

    The UK Office of the European Parliament (EP) is planning a major campaign to increase voter awareness in the run-up to the June 1997 EP elections. The Internet will play a key role in this campaign, not simply as a provider of information, but as an opportunity for interactive discussion involving [parliament, technologies,Independent, election, On-line]Ataxia: The Chemical and Biological Terrorism Threat and the US Response 02/01/2002

    By The Henry L. Stimpson Center

    Ataxia is a comprehensive research report that examines the many facets of the unconventional terrorism issue in the United States. The report concludes with an extensive series of observations and recommendations for policy makers in Washington and beyond. [Terrorism, Chemical, Biological]Public Safety Act, 2002, Summary of Draft 04/01/2002

    By Government of Canada

    The Public Safety Act, 2002 contains key measures that will increase the Government of Canada’s capacity to prevent terrorist attacks, protect Canadians, and respond swiftly should a significant threat arise. [public Safety, Terrorist, Crime]Cigarette Smuggling 06/01/2002

    By Tobaaco-Free Asia

    This article discusses cigarette smuggling and how Cambodia and Singapore have become the key centers through which illegal imports reach most Southeast Asian countries. [smuggling,trafficking,cigarettes]The Use and Counterfeiting of United States Currency Abroad, Part 2 06/01/2003

    By U.S. Department of Treasury

    [policy, international money laundering]Terrorism and Trucks – Seminar & Workshop Description 03/01/2002

    By

    Seminar emphasis is on the identification and interdiction of a “threat” before an incident or a suspect truck enters a workplace or community. Attendees will receive an introduction to simple and time proven techniques that support the development of a totality of the circumstance assessment of eve [Situational Awareness, Terrorism, Trucks, Workshop]Fear Moves East: Terror Targets the Pacific Rim 07/01/2002

    By Joshua Kurlantzik

    This article discusses the burgeoning terrorist threat in East Asia. [terrorism, Drugs and Crime, militants, arms dealers, trafficking, weapons]Justice Center: Focus on the Death Penalty 02/01/2002

    By

    According to Amnesty International, at least 2,258 prisoners in 37 countries were known to have been executed in 1998 and 4,845 persons in 78 countries were known to have received death sentences. These numbers reflect only cases Amnesty International knows about; actual numbers are probably higher. [Death Penalty]UN Anti-Terrorism Resolution, Sept. 28, 2001 09/01/2001

    By The UN Security Council

    Reaffirming its unequivocal condemnation of the terrorist acts that took place in New York, Washington, D.C., and Pennsylvania on 11 September, the Security Council this evening unanimously adopted a wide-ranging, comprehensive resolution with steps and strategies to combat international terrorism. [terrorism]Security Council Authorization for an International Security Force for Afghanistan 12/01/2001

    By United Nations Security Council

    Resolution 1386 which was adopted by The Security Council provides for the establishment of an International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan for six months to assist the Afghan Interim Authority in the maintenance of security in Kabul and its surrounding areas. The Council also called upon [terrorism]Current Situation and Countermeasures Against Money Laundering in Thailand 06/01/2002

    By Pisan Mookjang

    This article discusses several types of crime in Thailand such as Drug Trafficking, Arms Trafficking, Trafficking in women, and Organized Crime. [money laundering, Drugs and Crime, Human Trafficking, violence against women]Global Programme against Corruption: An Outline for Action 02/01/1999

    By

    The Global Programme against Corruption has been drawn up by the Centre for International Crime Prevention of the Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention of the United Nations Secretariat jointly with the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute. The purpose of the P [corruption, economic, political, social, legal, administrative, cultural dimensions,]Assessing Transnational Organized Crime Groups: Dangerousness and Trends 02/01/1999

    By

    In the last decade, organized crime groups have expanded their dimension and activities worldwide and are currently a global threat posing a concrete danger to the international community. Criminal groups have established international networks to better carry out their activities both in licit and [transnational organized crime]Global Programme against the Trafficking in Human Beings: An Outline for Action 02/01/1999

    By

    The smuggling of migrants and trafficking in human beings have increased throughout the world in recent years, owing to the globalization process and other factors. The problem is exacerbated in both size and seriousness by the growing involvement of organized crime groups. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [human trafficking, Human Rights, violence against women, Children, transnational organized crime]Website for the 10th UN Crime Congress 02/01/2002

    By

    An agenda for a convention in Vienna entitled ‘Declaration of Crime and Justice: Meeting the challenges of the twenty-first century’. [Agenda, Program of work, Daily journal]Report of the Secretary-General on children as victims and perpetrators of crime 04/01/1996

    By Secretary-General

    The Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, at its third session, adopted resolution 3/1, on violence against women and children. Pursuant to a request contained in that resolution, the Secretary-General submitted to the Commission at its fourth session a report on activities of United [victims, violence, children, perpetrators, Violence Against Women]Report of the Secretary-General on a draft plan of action on the elimination of violence against women, Corrigendum 05/01/1996

    By Secretary-General

    Draft plan of action on the elimination of violence against women. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Violence, Elimination, Women, Trafficking, Economic and Social Council, Governments, Violence Against Women]Report of the Secretary-General on a draft plan of action on the elimination of violence against women 04/01/1996

    By Secretary-General

    The present report contains a draft plan of action of the Secretary-General on the elimination of violence against women, formulated in accordance with Economic and Social Council resolution 1995/27 of 24 July 1995, section IV (C), on the elimination of violence against women. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Violence, Elimination, Women, Trafficking, Economic and Social Council, Governments, Violence Against Women]Report of the Secretary-General on practical measures in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice to eliminate violence against women, Corrigendum 05/01/1996

    By Secretary-General

    Practical measures in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice to eliminate violence against women. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Crime Prevention,Criminal justice, gender issues, equality, women, conflicts, Violence Against Women]Report of the Secretary-General on practical measures in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice to eliminate violence against women 03/01/1996

    By Secretary-General

    The Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, in its resolution 3/1, entitled “Violence against women and children”, invited the institutes of the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme network to report to the Commission at its fifth session on practical measures [Crime Prevention,Criminal justice,meetings, conferences, research, Violence Against Women]Report of the Secretary-General on measures to regulate firearms 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    [Transnational, illicit trafficking, firearms, national, regional ]Report of the Secretary-General on proposals for the preparations for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders 04/01/1996

    By Secretary-General

    Proposals for the preparations for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [treatment,offenders,orientation, structure, ninth congress]Use and Application of the Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners 03/01/1996

    By Secretary-General

    The Economic and Social Council, in its resolution 1993/34, section III, requested the Secretary-General to commence a process of information-gathering to be undertaken by means of surveys, initially paying attention to, inter alia, the Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners.[Note1] I [Prisons, Hygeine, Bedding, Food, Inspection, Medical services]Addendum to the report of the Secretary-General: Use and application of the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power 04/01/1996

    By Secretary-General

    The Economic and Social Council, in its resolution 1993/34, section III, requested the Secretary-General to commence a process of information-gathering to be undertaken by means of surveys, initially paying attention to, inter alia, the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime [Restituion, Offenders, Cost, Environment, Power, Abuse]Addendum to the report of the Secretary-General: use and application of the Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary 03/01/1996

    By Secretary-General

    The Economic and Social Council, in its resolution 1993/34, section III, requested the Secretary-General to commence a process of information-gathering to be undertaken by means of surveys, initially paying attention to, inter alia, the Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary. (courtes [Courts, Judiciary, Law, Civil, Cases, Interference]Report of the Secretary-General on United Nations standards and norms in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice 04/01/1996

    By Secretary-General

    The present report gives an overview of activities which aim at the promotion of the use and application of existing United Nations standards and norms in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice, pursuant to Economic and Social Council resolutions 1992/22, section VII, of 30 July 1992, 19 [law enforcement, principles of justice, capital punishment, human rights, women]Note by the Secretary-General on the draft questionnaire on United Nations juvenile justice standards and norms 04/01/1996

    By Secretary-General

    A Draft questionnaire on United Nations juvenile justice standards and norms. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Juvenile Delinquency,Deprivation,Prevention, Discipline,Socialization]Development of United Nations Minimum Rules for the Administration of Criminal Justice – Report of the Secretary-General 04/01/1996

    By

    The present report has been prepared pursuant to Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice resolution 4/2 of 9 June 1995 entitled “Proposal for the development of minimum rules for the administration of criminal justice”. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Rules, Administration, Crime, Justice, Prevention]Provisional Agenda, fifth session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 03/01/1996

    By

    ADOPTION OF THE AGENDA AND ORGANIZATION OF WORK. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Firearms,Crime, Offenders, Treatment, Justice]Report of the Secretary-General on cooperation and coordination of activities in crime prevention and criminal justice, including activities of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme 03/01/1996

    By Secretary-General

    Cooperation and coordination of activities in crime prevention and criminal justice has been persistently called for by the General Assembly as well as the Economic and Social Council in the years that followed the restructuring of the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme a [Intergovernmental, Crime prevention, Criminal Justice, Drug control]Report of the Secretary-General on activities of the institutes comprising the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme network 03/01/1996

    By Secretary-General

    The present report has been prepared in accordance with the recommendations of the Economic and Social Council in its resolutions 1992/22, section IV, and 1994/21, with a view to facilitating the worldwide coordination of activities related to crime prevention and criminal justice. (courtesy of UNCJ [Economic and Social Council,National and transnational crime, organized crime, economic crime, including money-laundering]Report of the Secretary-General on Strategic management of the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme 04/01/1996

    By Secretary-General

    The question of the strategic management of the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme has preoccupied the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice since its inception. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [CRIME PREVENTION, CRIMINAL JUSTICE, protection, United Nations]Note dated 15 May 1996 from the Permanent Representative of the Permanent Mission of the Syrian Arab Republic to the United Nations (Vienna), addressed to the Secretary-General 05/01/1996

    By United Nations

    The Permanent Representative of the Permanent Mission of the Syrian Arab Republic to the United Nations (Vienna), Riad Siage, has formally requested the Secretary-General to circulate, under item 3, the attached note on national and transnational crime, organized crime, economic crime, including mon [transnational crime, organized crime, economic crime, money laundering]Control of the Proceeds of Crime – Report of the Secretary General 04/01/1996

    By Secretary-General

    The Economic and Social Council, in its resolution 1994/13 of 25 July 1994, requested the Secretary-General to establish and maintain close cooperation with Member States, intergovernmental organizations and other entities active in the field of controlling the proceeds of crime, including the regul [Economic and Social Council, Crime prevention, Drug control, Criminal activities]Measures to Combat the Smuggling of Illegal Migrants – Report of the Secretary-General 03/01/1996

    By Secretary-General

    The present report was prepared pursuant to Economic and Social Council resolution 1995/10 of 24 July 1995, concerning criminal justice action to combat the organized smuggling of illegal migrants across national boundaries, adopted on the recommendation of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Cri [human trafficking, Smuggling, Migrants, Illegal, Member states, Governments]Report of the Secretary-General on action against corruption 04/01/1996

    By Secretary-General

    The Commission was of the opinion that the draft code, when finalized, could constitute an important tool for the operational activities of the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme, as well as for States wishing to include similar codes in measures to prevent and control co [Prevention, Crime, Treatment, Offenders, Economic and Social Council]Report of the Secretary-General on technical cooperation and advisory services for the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme, Corrigendum 05/01/1996

    By United Nations Secretary-General

    Technical cooperation and advisory services of the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [crime prevention, criminal justice]Report of the Secretary-General on technical cooperation and advisory services for the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme 04/01/1996

    By United Nations Secretary-General

    Technical cooperation and advisory services of the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [CRIME PREVENTION, CRIMINAL JUSTICE, protection of the environment]Note by the Secretary-General on the establishment of a regional centre for training and research in crime prevention and criminal justice for the Mediterranean States 03/01/1996

    By United Nations Secretary-General

    Establishment of a regional centre for training and research in crime prevention and criminal justice for the Mediterranean States. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Crime Prevention, Criminal Justice, Economic and Social Council, Mediterranean States]Final Report, fifth session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 06/01/1996

    By United Nations

    At its fifth session, the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice recommended the adoption of two draft resolutions by the General Assembly and ten draft resolutions and two draft decisions by the Economic and Social Council. In addition, it adopted three resolutions and one decision to [Commission, Crime Prevention, Criminal Justice, Economic and Social Council, Public Security]Report of the Secretary-General on the role of criminal law in the protection of the environment, addendum 1 03/01/1997

    By United Nations Secretary-General

    The law on cultural and natural assets also contains penal provisions, which provide for imprisonment of up to five years for causing damage to immovable cultural and natural assets and up to 10 years of imprisonment for taking abroad movable cultural and natural assets. Other laws containing penal [Transnational Law, Protection of the Environment, Criminal Law]Report of the Secretary-General on the role of criminal law in the protection of the environment, addendum 2 04/01/1997

    By United Nations Secretary-General

    INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN COMBATING TRANSNATIONAL CRIME THE ROLE OF CRIMINAL LAW IN THE PROTECTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Crime, Criminal Law, Protection of the Environment, ]Report of the Secretary-General on the role of criminal law in the protection of the environment 02/01/1997

    By United Nations Secretary-General

    The present report has been prepared in response to Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/10. It contains information received from Governments and other sources on the role of criminal law in the protection of the environment, covers their views on the feasibility of establishing appropriate [Criminal law, protection of environment, legislation]Report of the Secretary-General on the elimination of violence against women, addendum 04/01/1997

    By United Nations Secretary-General

    The present addendum brings to the attention of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Crimina l Justice additional information provided by Governments as of 31 March 1997, thereby updating the report of the Secretary-General on the elimination of violence against women (E/CN.15/1997/11). It summar [domestic Violence, Women, Trafficking, victims rights, child abuse, Violence Against Women]Report of the Secretary-General on the elimination of violence against women 04/01/1997

    By United Nations Secretary-General

    The present report has been prepared in pursuance of Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/12, on the elimination of violence against women, adopted on the recommendation of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice at its fifth session. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Domestic Violence, Women, Trafficking, victims rights, Violence Against Women]Report of the Secretary-General on measures to prevent illicit trafficking in children, addendum 04/01/1997

    By United Nations Secretary-General

    The present addendum brings to the attention of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice additional information provided by Governments as of 31 March 1996, thereby updating the report of the Secretary-General on measures to prevent illicit trafficking in children (E/CN.15/1997/12). [human trafficking]Report of the Secretary-General on measures to prevent illicit trafficking in children 04/01/1997

    By United Nations Secretary-General

    Further to the report of the Secretary-General, submitted to the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice at its fifth session, on children as victims and perpetrators of crime (E/CN.15/1996/10),the present report provides an overview of additional information received from Governments c [trafficking in children, Commission, Crime Prevention, Criminal Justice.]Report of the Secretary-General on the administration of juvenile justice 04/01/1997

    By United Nations Secretary-General

    Pursuant to Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/13, the present report provides an overview of information received from Governments on their administration of juvenile justice and, in particular, their contributions to the elaboration of a programme of action to promote the effective use a [juvenile justice, international standards, witnesses]Report of the Secretary-General on the use and application of United Nations standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice, addendum 04/01/1997

    By United Nations Secretary-General

    The present addendum summarizes the replies received from the Governments of Qatar, Tunisia and the United States of America on the desirability of establishing an inter-sessional working group to examine the reports on the use and application of the United Nations standards and norms in crime prev [Governments, Crime Prevention, Criminal Justice, Standards and Norms, Qatar, Tunisia]Report of the Secretary-General on the use and application of United Nations standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice 04/01/1997

    By United Nations Secretary-General

    The present report has been prepared pursuant to Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/16. It provides an overview of the current system for the gathering of information on the use and application of United Nations standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice. It contains comm [Standards, Crime, Prevention, Inter-sessional, Human rights]Report of the Secretary-General on the development of United Nations minimum rules for the administration of criminal justice, addendum 04/01/1997

    By United Nations Secretary-General

    The present addendum summarizes additional comments received from the Governments of Cuba and Hungary on the advisability and specific content of th e draft minimum rules for the administration of criminal justice, bringing the number of Governments that have submitted replies to 52. (courtesy of U [Cuba, Hungary, Governments, draft, minimum rules]Report of the Secretary-General on the development of United Nations minimum rules for the administration of criminal justice 04/01/1997

    By United Nations – report of the Secretary General

    The present report has been prepared in response to Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice decision 5/101. It contains information received from States regarding the advisability and specific content of the draft minimum rules for the administration of criminal justice. It summarizes t [Rules, Administration, Crime, Justice, Prevention]Report of the Secretary-General on the Use and Application of the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power, addendum 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The present addendum summarizes additional views received f rom the Governments of Belarus, Canada, Spain and Tunisia concerning the draft manual on the use and application of the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power. [Governments, Victims, Crime, Abuse of Power, Services]Report of the Secretary-General on the Use and Application of the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The present note provides an overview of recent developments related to the use and application of the Declaration of Basic Principles of Just ice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power, in particular with regard to the implementation of the mandates contained in Economic and Social Council resolu [Economic and Social Council, Victims, Abuse, Governments, intergovernmental]Report of the Secretary-General on technical cooperation and coordination of activities 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    In accordance with Economic and Social Council resolution 1992/22 of 30 July 1992 and resolution 5/2 of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, the present report provides an overview of the technical cooperation activities undertaken during 1996 by the Crime Prevention and Crimina [CRIME PREVENTION, peacekeeping, Implementation, International, Intergovernmental and non-governmental]Report of the Secretary-General on the activities of the institutes comprising the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme Network 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The present report highlights the activities carried out in 1996 by the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute, the affiliated regional institutes and the associate institutes and centres, which together comprise the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Pr [Objectives 1-6, Criminal, Justice, Crime, Control, Treatment ]Provisional annotated agenda for the sixth session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, addendum 02/01/2002

    By

    The proposed organization of work for the sixth session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, set out below, has been prepared pursuant to relevant decisions of the General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council. [Agenda, crime prevention]Provisional annotated agenda for the sixth session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    Some of things include in the agenda are:Election of officers. Adoption of the agenda and organization of work. Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders. [Documentation, Election, Violence, Elmination, Victims]Note by the Secretary-General on the proposed programme of work in crime prevention and criminal justice for the biennium 1998-1999 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The present note contains a summary of the programme of work in crime prevention and criminal justice for the biennium 1998-1999 for consideration by the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice. [Smuggled, Migrants, Crime, Prevention, Justice, Organization]Report on the Sixth Session, Economic and Social Council, Part 1 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    At its sixth session, the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice recommended the adoption of five draft resolutions by the General Assembly and ten draft resolutions and one draft decision by the Economic and Social Council. In addition, it adopted one resolution to be brought to the at [Organized Crime, Transnational crime, Security, Prevention, Justice]Report on the Sixth Session, Economic and Social Council, Part 2 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    On international cooperation and assistance in the management of the criminal justice system: computerization of criminal justice operations and the development,analysis and policy use of crime and criminal justice information, [Social and Economic Council, Firearm regulation, Crime prevention, Safety]Report on the Sixth Session, Economic and Social Council, Part 3 04/01/1997

    By United Nations

    The Officer-in-Charge of the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division of the Secretariat provided an assessment of the preparations for the Ninth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, held at Cairo from 29 April to 8 May 1995, on the basis of the vi [Criminal Justice, Treatment of Offenders, Crime Prevention]Report of the Secretary-General on preparations for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, addendum 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    This is a 4 part Addendum of Report of the Secretary-General on the Preparations for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders. [Egypt, Tenth Congress, terrorism, corruption, money-laundering, trafficking in narcotic drugs]Report of the Secretary-General on preparations for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, corrigendum 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    This is a Corrigendum of Page 21, paragraph 116 on the Report of the Secretary-General on preparations for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders. [treatment of offenders, prevention of crime]Report of the Secretary-General on preparations for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The General Assembly, in its resolution 46/152 of 18 December 1991, entrusted the Commission o n Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice with the function of preparing the United Nations congresses on the prevention of crime and the treatment of offenders. [Fifth Session, Transnational crime, Prevention, Treatment, Offenders]Report of the Secretary-General on action against corruption and bribery, addendum 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The Expert Group Meeting on Corruption, held at Buenos Aires from 17 to 21 March 1997, would like to bring to the attention of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, at its sixth session, the conclusions and recommendations below for its consideration and action. [Resolution, Disclosure, Guidelines, Rules, Measures]Report of the Secretary-General on action against corruption and bribery 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    In the same resolution, the Council urged States to develop and implement anti-corruption measures, to increase their capacity to prevent and adequately control corrupt practices, and to improve international cooperation in this field. The Council also requested the Secretary-General, inter alia, to [Bribery, Fraud, World Bank, Organization, International]Report of the Secretary-General on measures to regulate firearms, corrigendum 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    This is a Report of the Secretary-General on measures to regulate firearms, corrigendum. [Criminal Juctice, Reform, Governments, Canada, Japan]Report of the Secretary-General on measures to regulate firearms 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The work plan for the implementation of the project on the regulation of firearms emphasizes the goal of collecting, analysing and disseminating information and cooperating with intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations active in this field. [Prevention, Crime, Treatment, Offenders, Economic and Social Council]Report of the Secretary General on Criminal Justice Reform and Strengthening of Legal Institutions 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The Expert Group Meeting on Criminal Justice Management and Information Projects: Improving National and International Data Collection and Exchange, held at Buenos Aires from 10 to 13 March 1997, would like to bring to the attention of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, at its [transnational, crime prevention, criminal justice, implementation, national]Report of the Secretary-General on international cooperation and assistance in the management of the criminal justice system 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    In its resolution, the Council urged Member States to assist the Secretary-General in the establishment of both an advisory steering group and the identification of a standing pool of experts, to be administered by the Secretary-General in close coordination with the institutes comprising the United [European, North American, Analysis, Data collection, Statistical activities]Report of the Secretary-General on extradition and international cooperation in criminal matters 04/01/1997

    By United Nations Secretary-General

    Acknowledging the benefits of the enactment of national laws providing the most flexible basis for extradition, and bearing in mind that developing countries and countries with economies i n transition may lack the resources for developing and implementing treaty relations in extradition, as well [Intergovernmental Meeting, Extradition, criminal matters]Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime, Addendum 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    In the same resolution, the General Assembly also requested the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice to consider, as a matter of priority, the question of the elaboration of such an international convention, with a view to finalizing its work on that question as soon as possible, and [Organized Crime, Transnational crime, Security, Prevention, Justice]Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime, Addendum 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    In view of the dangers that such activity posed to development and democracy and in view of its global nature, an international convention against organized transnational crime would be of immense value to theworld community if agreement could be reached on its scope and effect. [Opening, Attendance, Closure, Meeting, Organized, Transnational, Crime]Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    Pursuant to General Assembly resolution 49/159 of 23 December 1994, the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, at its fifth session, continued to review the implementation of the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime, adopted by the [Action, Member States, International, Political, Declaration]Report of the Secretary-General on measures to combat the smuggling of illegal migrants, addendum 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The present addendum brings to the attention of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice additional information provided by Governments as of 31 March 1997, thereby updating the report of the Secretary-General on measures to combat the smuggling of illegal migrants (E/CN.l5/1997/8). [Migration, Illegal, Smuggling, Intergovernmental, Alien]International Cooperation in Combating Transnational Crime: Smuggling of Illegal Immigrants 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General of the United Nations

    The present report brings to the attention of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice additional information received from Governments regarding measures and initiatives taken or envisaged to combat the smuggling of illegal migrants and relevant action taken within the United Natio [smuggling, transnational organized crime, human trafficking]Report of the Secretary-General on the views of Governments and relevant organizations on measures for the prevention and suppression of illicit trafficking in motor vehicles 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    It highlights recent initiatives to strengthen international cooperation against this widespread type of crime, including the conference on Theft of and Illicit Trafficking in Motor Vehicles, held at Warsaw on 2 and 3 December 1996, the report of which is annexedto the present report. [Illicit trafficking, Motor Vehicles, Information, Governments, Organizations]Report on the Sixth Session, Economic and Social Council, Corrigendum 02/01/2002

    By

    It includes specialized intergovernmental organizations to provide the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice with available information about the results of their work in relation to the unlawful proliferation of unlawful military style small arms in Member States [United Nations, Panel, Government, Experts, Small arms]Report of the Secretary General on strategic management and programme questions, Addendum 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The attention of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice is drawn to a matter concerning the composition of the Board of Trustees of the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute, requiring action on the part of the Commission and the Economic and Social Counc [Interregional, Crime, Justice, Economic and Social Council]Report of the Secretary General on strategic management and programme questions 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The present report provides an overview of the inter-sessional activities undertaken by the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice to strengthen its strategic management of the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme, as called for in Commission resolution 6/1. It [Informal, Inter-sessional, Mobilization, Planning, Programming]Report on the Seventh Session (21-30 April 1998), Economic and Social Council, Corrigendum 07/01/1998

    By United Nations

    This is a corrigendum for the COMMISSION ON CRIME PREVENTION AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE Report on the Seventh Session (21-30 April 1998). [Corrigendum, Crime Prevention, Criminal Justice,Economic and Social counsel]Report on the Seventh Session (21-30 April 1998), Economic and Social Council 02/01/2002

    By

    At its seventh session, the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice recommended the adoption of three draft resolutions by the General Assembly and nine draft resolutions and two draft decisions by the Economic and Social Council. In addition, it adopted one resolution to be brought to t [Economic and Social Council, Crime prevention, Drug control, Criminal activities]Adoption of the agenda and organization of work, seventh session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, Addendum 02/01/2002

    By

    [Agenda, Conference, Commission, Economic and Social Council, criminal justice, crime prevention]Adoption of the agenda and organization of work, seventh session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 02/01/2002

    By

    This is an agenda including:Election of officers., Adoption of the agenda and organization of work., Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders. [Election, agenda, officers, organization, juvenile justice, Victims, crime]Draft discussion guide for the regional preparatory meetings for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders 02/01/2002

    By

    The General Assembly resolution 46/152, on the creation of an effe ctive United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme, the United Nations congresses, as a consultative body of the programme, are to provide a forum for: The exchange of views between States, intergovernmental org ani [Crime, Treatment, Offenders, Law, Criminal Justice]Draft discussion guide for the regional preparatory meetings for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Revision 1 02/01/2002

    By

    The items to be included in the provisional agenda of the Tenth Congress, as approved by the General Assembly, are: Promoting the rule of law and strengthening the criminal justice system; International cooperation in combating transnational crime: new challenges in the twenty-first century; Effecti [discussion, guide, regional, meetings]Draft discussion guide for the demonstration and research workshops to be held at the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders 02/01/2002

    By

    The United Nations congresses on the prevention of crime and the treatment of offenders have seen a progression in terms of their outreach, research base, political influence and impact, have focused on specific issues [discussion, demonstration, research, workshops]Report of the Secretary-General on progress made in the preparations for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The General Assembly, in its resolution 52/91, on preparations for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, decided that the Tenth Congress should be held in the year 2000 and that the themes to be included in the provisional agenda of the Tenth Co [Views, Governments, Agenda, Secretary General, Dates, Rules ]Report of the Secretary-General on action against corruption and bribery 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The present report has been prepared pursuant to General Assembly resoluti on 52/87. It contains an analysis of the information provided by Member States on action taken against corruption and bribery and presents an overview of the activities against corruption and bribery undertaken by the Centre [United Nations, Intergovernmental, Non-governmental, CORRUPTION AND BRIBERY]Report of the Secretary-General Criminal justice reform and strengthening of legal institutions: measures to regulate firearms 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The Economic and Social Council, in its resolution 1997/28, reiterated its request to the Secretary-General to publish the United Nations international study on firearm regulation. [Summary, Workshops, International, Trafficking, Firearms]Report of the inter-sessional open-ended intergovernmental group of experts on the elaboration of an international convention against organized transnational crime (E/CN.15/1998/5) 02/01/1998

    By United Nations

    The General Assembly, in its resolution 51/120 of 1 2 December 1996, requested the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice to consider, as a matter of priority, the question of the elaboration of an international convention against organized transnational crime. [Opening, Attendance, Domestic obligations, Jurisdictional matters,Cooperation, Protection, Witnesses]Report of the African Ministerial Workshop on Action against Organised Crime and Corruption, at Manila, Philippines, 2 to 4 March 1998 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The General Assembly, in its resolution 51/120, requested the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice to consider, as a matter of priority, the question of the elaboration of an international convention against organized transnational crime. [Regional, Ministerial, Workshop, Attendance, Agenda, DISCUSSION, Election]Report of the Asian Ministerial Workshop on Action against Organised Crime and Corruption, at Manila, Philippines, 2 to 4 March 1998 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The General Assembly, in its resolution 51/120, requested the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice to consider, as a matter of priority, the question of the elaboration of an international convention against transnational crime. [Regional, Ministerial, Workshop, Attendance, Agenda, DISCUSSION, Election]Report of the Secretary-General to the General Assembly on the implementation of the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized transnational Crime 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    Developments on specific issues, such as extradition and mutual assistance in criminal matters, are also covered, as they are directly related to both the implementation of the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan and the strengthening of international cooperation against organized tr [Naples, political, declaration, global, Action, Plan]Report of the Secretary-General on mutual assistance and international cooperation in criminal matters 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    It was recommended that the Expert Group should explore ways and means of increasing the efficiency of that type of international cooperation, having due regard to the rule of law and the protection of human rights, including by drafting alternative or complementary articles for the Model Treaty on [Meeting, Attendance, Election, Officers, Agenda]Report of the Secretary General on the use and application of United Nations standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice, addendum 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    The present report has been prepared in response to Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/16. It contains information received from Governments on the use and application of the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice. [Juvenile Delinquency, Deprivation, Privileges, Discipline, Socialization]Report of the Secretary General on the use and application of United Nations standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The present report highlights recent developments in the promotion of the use and application of existing United Nations standards and norms, pursuant to Economic and Social Cou ncil resolutions 1993/34 and 1997/32, focusing on ways and means of improving current procedures. It also contains informa [policy, coordination, juvenile justice, victims, abuse of power, law enforcement, children, human rights]Report of the Secretary General on technical cooperation 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The present report describes the technical cooperation undertaken in 1997, highlighting the coordination of activities with other United Nations entities. It also describes the contributions of Member States in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice, providing suggestions on how the tech [Criminal Justice, Crime prevention, Computers, Corruption, Crime]Information for participants, seventh session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    Upon registration, participants not already in possession of a VIC grounds pass will be issued VIC conference passes in the appropriate categories, bearing their name and country or organization. Upon presentation of the registration form, the photographs for the conference passes will be taken in [participants, inforamtion, session, crime prevention, criminal justice]Report of the meeting of the expert group on an appropriate international strategy against corruption, including the proceeds of corruption 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    The experts first of all stressed that the fight against corruption had to be undertaken not only through preventive measures, but also through comprehensive efforts to promote good governance, with the involvement of civil society. [Meeting, Bribes, Corruption, International, Strategy]Report on the eighth session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 04/01/1999

    By United Nations

    At its eighth session, the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice recommended the adoption of four draft resolutions by the General Assembly and six draft resolutions and three draft decisions by the Economic and Social Council. [Trafficking, Criminals, Organized Crime,Justice, Explosives]Work of the Ad Hoc Committee on the elaboration of the convention against transnational organized crime 02/01/2002

    By Ad Hoc Committee

    It decided to establish an open-ended intergovernmental ad hoc committee for the purpose of elaborating a comprehensive international convention against transnational organized crime and of discussing the elaboration, as appropriate, of international instruments addressing trafficking in women and c [Criminal Justice, Crime prevention,congress, transnational organized crime, violence against women]Preparations for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Corrigendum 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The agends for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Corrigendum. [agenda, schedule, Prevention of Crime, Treatment of Offenders]Proposed programme of work in crime prevention and criminal justice for the biennium 2000-2001 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    The present note contains a summary of the proposed programme of work in crime prevention and criminal justice for the biennium 2000-2001 for consideration by the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice at its eighth session. The proposed programme ofwork will be reflected in section 14 [Crime Prevention,Criminal justice, Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime]Adoption of the agenda and organization of work, ninth session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    Beginning with its first session, held in 1992, the Commission has elected a Chairman, three Vice-Chairmen and a Rapporteur. In view of the rotation of offices based on regional distribution, the officers at the eighth session were from the following regional groups. [Crime Prevention,Criminal justice, Resource mobilization]Work of the Centre for International Crime Prevention (and Strategic Management) 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    The present report of the Executive Director is the second annual report on the work of the Centre for International Crime Prevention of the Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention of the Secretariat submitted to the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice. [drug control, trade, organized crime, human rights, terrorism, trafficking]Ad-Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of an International Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on progress achieved in its work 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    For the purpose of elaborating a comprehensive international convention against transnational organized crime and of discussing the elaboration, as appropriate, of international instruments addressing trafficking in women and children, combating the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firear [Trafficking, Human Rights, Women, Children,Organized, transnational organized crime, violence against women]Progress Achieved regarding juvenile justice reform 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    It presents an analysis of the roles, functions and activities of the partners concerned system-wide and of the progress achieved in advancing juvenile justice reform, in line with United Nations policy and instruments. [Juvenile justice, Human rights, Machinery in place, ]Consideration of the recommendations of the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders 04/01/2000

    By United Nations

    This is the Consideration of the recommendations of the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders. [General Assembly, Criminal Justice, Crime prevention]Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, Report On The Ninth Session 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    At its ninth session, the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice recommended the adoption of three draft resolutions by the General Assembly and two draft resolutions and one draft decision by the Economic and Social Council. [Crime Prevention, Criminal justice, Economic and Social Council]Provisional list of participants, ninth session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, Corrigendum 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    This is a Provisional list of participants, ninth session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, Corrigendum. [participants, crime, prevention, criminal justice]Provisional list of participants, ninth session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    This is a Provisional list of participants, ninth session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice. [participants, crime, prevention, criminal justice]Protection of victims of violence against women and children 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    Welcoming Economic and Social Council resolutions on violence against women and children. [victims’ rights, domestic violence, child abuse, violence against women]Statement submitted by Centro Nazionale di Prevenzione e Difesa Sociale to the United Nations 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    an effective anti-corruption strategy has to rely on awareness-raising and public education among civil society and the media, prevention and enforcement in the judicial, legislative, executive and private sectors and institution-building across all sectors. [organized crime, corruption, traffic in human beings and]Capital Punishment And Implementation Of The Safeguards Guaranteeing Protection Of The Rights Of Those Facing The Death Penalty 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    The present report, which is the sixth quinquennial report on capital punishment, covers the period 1994-1998 and reviews the implementation of the safeguards guaranteeing protection of the rights of those facing the death penalty. [Punishment, Death Penalty, Countries that resumed executions, Countries that became abolitionist]Report of the Ninth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    Bearing in mind that one of the purposes of the United Nations, as stated in the Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations, is to achieve international cooperation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural or humanitarian character and in promoting and encouraging respe [Criminal, Justice, Victims, Women, Children]UN Criminal Justice Standards for Peace-Keeping Police (The Blue Book) 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    This is the homepage for the UN Blue Book. [Blue book, homepage, criminal justice, human rights and humanitarian law]Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its ninth session, held in Vienna from 5 to 16 June 2000 (tenth meeting) 07/01/2000

    By United Nations

    The Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime was established by the General Assembly in its resolution 53/111 of 9 December 1998. [Trafficking, Women, Children, Organized Crime, transnational organized crime]Annotated Provisional Agenda and Proposed Organization of Work of Committee Drafting UN Crime Convention (tenth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By Ad Hoc Committee

    The agenda for this was:Opening of the tenth session of the Ad Hoc Committee. Adoption of the agenda and organization of work. Finalization and approval of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. [Transnational, Organized Crime, United Nations, ]Official records (travaux preparatoires) of the negotiation of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (tenth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By Ad Hoc Committee

    The negotiations preceding the conclusion of a treaty. As such, they may consist of the minutes of the plenary meetings and the comments of the conference or other body that adopted the treaty or the successive drafts of the treaty, including the various proposals on record. [Organized Crime, Transnational, Traffic in Narcotic Drugs, , transnational organized crime]Corrigendum to Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (tenth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By Ad Hoc Committee

    This is one page of Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. [Transnational, Organized Crime, General Assembly, United Nations , transnational organized crime]Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (tenth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By Ad Hoc Committee

    The Convention shall apply, except as otherwise stated herein, to the prevention, investigation and prosecution of:The offences established in accordance with articles 3, 4, 4 ter and 17 bis of this Convention; and Serious offences as defined in article 2 bis of this Convention; where the offence [Organized Crime, laundering, Transnational Organized Crime ]Proposals and contributions received from Governments on UN Crime Convention (tenth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By Ad Hoc Committee

    Algeria, Egypt, India, Mexico and Turkey proposed the following indicative list of offences to be included in an annex to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime:Illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, Trafficking in persons, in particular wom [Contributions, Governments, Organized Crime, violence against women]Report of Ad Hoc committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its tenth session, held in Vienna from 17-28 July 2000 (eleventh meeting) 09/01/2000

    By United Nations

    A United Nations General Assembly report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the elaboration of a convention against transnational organized crime on its tenth session, held in Vienna from 17 to 28 July 2000. [Organized Crime, international crime, transnational organized crime]Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work for the eleventh session of the Ad Hoc Committee Drafting the UN Crime Convention (eleventh meeting) 02/01/2002

    By Ad Hoc Committee

    Some of things on the agenda were Opening of the eleventh session of the Ad Hoc Committee. Adoption of the agenda and organization of work. [Trafficking, Firearms,Organized Crime]Draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (eleventh meeting) 02/01/2002

    By Ad Hoc Committee

    The purpose of this Convention is to promote cooperation to prevent and combat transnational organized crime more effectively. [Transnational, Organized Crime, Confiscation, Predicate offence, transnational organized crime]Interpretative notes for the official records (travaux preparatoires) of the negotiation of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (eleventh meeting) 02/01/2002

    By Ad Hoc Committee

    The present document contains interpretative notes which were discussed by the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime throughout the process of negotiation of the draft Convention. These notes will be included in the official records of the negot [Transnational, Organized Crime, transnational organized crime]Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (eleventh meeting) 02/01/2002

    By Ad Hoc Committee

    The protocol suplements the United Nations convention against Transnational Organized Crime, as regards the sttae parties to this protocol those two instruments shall be read and interpeted togetther as one single instrument. [Smuggled, Migrants, illegal residence, crimalization, criminal liability of migrants, human trafficking, transnational organized crime]Proposals and Contribution Received from Governments on UN Crime Convention (Migrants) (eleventh meeting) 10/01/2000

    By United Nations

    Finalization and approval of the additional international legal instrument against trafficking in and transporting of migrants. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Smuggled, Migrants]Proposals and Contribution Received from Governments on UN Crime Convention (Persons, one) (eleventh meeting) 10/01/2000

    By United Nations

    Finalization and approval of the additional international legal instrument against trafficking in persons, especially women and children. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Italy, Trafficking, Women, Children, violence against women]Proposals and Contribution Received from Governments on UN Crime Convention (Persons, two) (eleventh meeting) 10/01/2000

    By United Nations

    Finalization and approval of the additional international legal instrument against trafficking in persons, especially women and children. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Canada, Trafficking, Women, Children, violence against women]Proposals and Contribution Received from Governments on UN Crime Convention (Firearms) (eleventh meeting) 09/01/2000

    By Ad Hoc Committee

    Finalization and approval of the additional international legal instrument against illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Firearms,Import,Export]Proposals and Contribution Received from Governments (Migrants – Colombia) (eleventh meeting) 09/01/2000

    By Ad Hoc Committee

    Finalization and approval of the additional international legal instrument against illegal trafficking in and transporting of migrants. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Migration]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments on UN Crime Convention (Migrants – Azerbaijan) (eleventh meeting) 09/01/2000

    By

    Finalization and approval of the additional international legal instrument against illegal trafficking in and transporting of migrants. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Smuggling, Migrants]Annotated Provisional Agenda and Proposed Organization of Work for UN Crime Convention Working Group 12/01/1998

    By Ad Hoc Committee

    The first session of the Open-ended Intergovernmental Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Comprehensive International Convention against Transnational Organized Crime will be convened on Tuesday, 19 January 1999, at 10 a.m. Originally, the Centre for International Crime Prevention had planned [Illegal, Trafficking, Women, Children, Crime]Informal group of the 12/01/1998

    By Ad Hoc Committee

    Informal group of the ‘Friends of the chair’ of the Ad Hoc committee on the elaboration of the convention against Transnational Organized Crime. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Organized Crime, Transnational]Annotated Provisional Agenda and Proposed Organization of Work for Working Group on UN Crime Convention(second meeting) 02/01/1999

    By

    The provisional agenda and proposed organization of work of the Ad Hoc Committee at its second session were endorsed by the Ad Hoc Committee at its first session, held in Vienna from 19 to 29 January 1999. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Organized Crime, Trafficking, firearms]Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime 02/01/1999

    By

    Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 1-3. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Crime, Drugs, Trafficking, Terrorism, transnational organized crime]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments on UN Crime Convention (second meeting, one) 02/01/1999

    By

    Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 1-3 Consideration of the additional international legal instrument against trafficking in women and children. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Organized Crime, Trafficking, Human rights,Women, Children, violence against women]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments on UN Crime Convention (second meeting, two) 03/01/1999

    By United Nations

    Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 1-3 Consideration of the additional international legal instrument against trafficking in women and children. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Organized Crime, Trafficking, Human rights,Women, Children, violence against women]Report of Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its first session, held in Vienna from 19 to 29 January 1999 01/01/1999

    By

    Report of Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its first session, held in Vienna from19 to 29 January 1999. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Elections, transnational organized crime]Report of Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its second session, held in Vienna from 8 to 12 March 1999 03/01/1999

    By

    Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its second session, held in Vienna from 8 to 12 March 1999. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Trafficking, Women, Children, Human rights, transnational organized crime]Annotated Provisional Agenda and Proposed Organization of Work for UN Crime Convention Working Group(third meeting) 03/01/1999

    By

    Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Trafficking, Human Rights, Women, Children,Firearms]Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of the Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (third meeting) 04/01/1999

    By

    International cooperation in combating transnational crime: elaboration of an international convention against transnational organized crime and other possible international instruments. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Organized Crime, transnational organized crime]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments on UN Crime Convention(third meeting) 03/01/1999

    By

    Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4, 4 bis, 7 and 8 Consideration of the additional international legal instrument against illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components [Organized Crime, Trafficking, Human rights]Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4, 4 bis, 7 and 8 04/01/1999

    By

    Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention againstTransnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4, 4 bis, 7 and 8. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [United Kingdom of Great Britain, Northern Ireland, Money Laundering, transnational organized crime]Draft elements for an international legal instrument against Illegal Trafficking and Transport of Migrants 12/01/1998

    By

    Draft elements for an international legal instrument against illegal trafficking and transport of migrants. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Organized Crime, Trafficking, Human rights]Draft protocol to combat International Trafficking in Women and Children supplementary to the United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crime 11/01/1998

    By

    DRAFT PROTOCOL TO COMBAT INTERNATIONAL TRAFFICKING IN WOMEN AND CHILDREN SUPPLEMENTARY TO THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Trafficking, Women, Children, Human rights, transnational organized crime, violence against women]Draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime 12/01/1998

    By

    The purpose of this Convention is to promote cooperation among the States Parties so that they may address more effectively the various aspects of organized crime having an international dimension. In carrying out their obligations under the Convention, the Parties shall take necessary measures, in [Organized Crime, Trafficking, Human rights, transnational organized crime]Report of Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its third session, held in Vienna from 28 April to 3 May 1999 05/01/1999

    By United Nations

    Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its third session, held in Vienna from 28 April to 3 May 1999. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Trafficking, Human Rights, Women, Children,Firearms, transnational organized crime]Annotated Provisional Agenda and Proposed Organization of Work (fourth meeting) 05/01/1999

    By

    Provisional annotated agenda and proposed organization of work. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Organized Crime, Trafficking, Human rights, Ad Hoc]Informal Note by the High Commissioner for Human Rights 06/01/1999

    By United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

    Informal note by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Human Rights,Trafficking, Organized Crime]Draft Protocol against the smuggling of migrants by land, air and sea 05/01/1999

    By

    Draft Protocol against the Smuggling1 of Migrants by Land,Air and Sea,2 Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime3. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Human Rights,Trafficking]Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (fourth meeting) 05/01/1999

    By

    Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4 ter, 5, 6, 9, 10 and 14. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments (fourth meeting, one) 05/01/1999

    By

    Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4 ter, 5, 6, 9, 10 and 14. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Government(s),Contributions]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments (fourth meeting, two) 06/01/1999

    By United Nations

    Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4 ter, 5, 6, 9, 10 and 14. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Mutual Assistance, Contributions, Government(s)]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments (second group) 02/01/2002

    By

    The Secretary-General has the honour to bring to the attention of the Ad Hoc Committee the comments and proposals of States that relate to the draft international legal instrument against illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition and other related materials, which was submitte [Firearms]Comments and Proposals Received from Governments 02/01/2002

    By

    The Secretary-General has the honour to bring to the attention of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime the comments and proposals of the Government of Netherlands that relate to the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organiz [Transnational Organized Crime]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments 02/01/2002

    By

    PROPOSALS AND CONTRIBUTIONS RECEIVED FROM GOVERNMENTS [Transnational Organized Crime, firearms]Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its fourth session, held in Vienna from 28 June to 9 July 1999 02/01/2002

    By

    Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its fourth session, held in Vienna from28 June to 9 July 1999. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [international, trafficking, women, children, human rights, transnational organized crime]Annotated Provisional Agenda and Proposed Organization of Work (fifth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [money-laundering, confiscation, extradition,]Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (fifth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    Draft Protocol against the Smuggling ofMigrants by Land, 1 Air and Sea, Supplementing the United Nations Convention 2 against Transnational Organized Crime3. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Ad hoc, Human rights, International Affairs, Crime,Trafficking, transnational organized crime]Corrigendum to Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments (fifth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    A brief correction to line 10 added on the on the list of Proposals and contributions received from Governments. [Organized, Foreign Affairs]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments on the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (fifth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4, 4 bis, 7, 7 bis, 7 ter, 10, 14 (paras. 14-22) and 15-19. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Government, Assets, Crime, transnational organized crime]Addendum to the Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a (sixth meeting, one) 02/01/2002

    By

    Report of the informal consultations on the draft Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, and the revised draft Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Wom [Ad hoc, Human rights, International Affairs, Crime, violence against women]Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organinzed Crime on its fifth session, held in Vienna from 4 to 15 October 1999 (sixth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its fifth session, held in Vienna from4 to 15 October 1999. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Ad hoc,Organized Crime, Transmigrational]Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work (sixth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work for the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. [Ad hoc,Human rights, International Affairs, Crime,Trafficking]Common provisions of the draft Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the draft Protocols thereto (sixth meeting) 12/01/1999

    By United Nations

    Common provisions of the draft Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the draft Protocols thereto. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime]Analytical Study on Serious Crime (sixth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    At its second session, held in Vienna from 8 to 12 March 1999, the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime requested the Secretariat to carry out an analytical study on provisions of national laws concerning serious offences punishable by deprivat [Transnational Organized Crime]Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (sixth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    Consideration of the additional legal instruments: draft instrument against illegal trafficking in and transporting of migrants, with particular emphasis on articles 7-19. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime, Human rights,Trafficking]Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (6th meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    Consideration of the revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4 ter, 17 bis and 20-30. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime]Proposals and contributions received from Governments (sixth meeting, one) 02/01/2002

    By

    Consideration of the revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4 ter, 17 bis and 20-30. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime, Proposals, Contributions, Governments]Proposals and contributions received from Governments (sixth meeting, two) 02/01/2002

    By

    Consideration of additional international legal instruments: draft instrument against illegal trafficking in and transporting of migrants,with particular emphasis on articles 7-19. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime, Proposals, Contributions, Governments]Proposals and contributions received from Governments (sixth meeting, three) 02/01/2002

    By

    Consideration of additional international legal instruments: draft instrument against trafficking in persons, especially women and children, with particular emphasis on articles 8-18. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime, Trafficking, Human Rights, Women, Children, violence against women]Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition 02/01/2002

    By

    Ongoing international initiatives related to the elaboration of an international legal instrument against illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime]Addendum to the Analytical Study on Serious Crime (seventh meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    A Report by the Secretariat for the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, regarding an Analytical study on serious crime. [Transnational Organized Crime]Corrigendum to Analytical Study on Serious Crime (seventh meeting) 12/01/1999

    By United Nations

    A Report by the Secretariat, for the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, regarding an Analytical study on serious crime. [Transnational Organized Crime]Analytical Study on Serious Crime (seventh meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    At its second session, held in Vienna from 8 to 12 March 1999, the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime requested the Secretariat to carry out an analytical study on provisions of national laws concerning serious offences punishable by deprivation [Transnational Organized Crime, National Laws, Countries]Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its sixth session, held in Vienna from 6 to 17 October 1999 (seventh meeting) 02/01/2002

    By Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

    Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its sixth session, held in Vienna from 6 to 17 October 1999. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Drugs and Crime, Transnational Organized Crime]Annotated Provisional Agenda and Proposed Organization of Work (seventh meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime, Provisional agenda]Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (seventh meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling1 of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea,2 supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Human Rights, transnational organized crime]Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (seventh meeting) 02/01/2002

    By Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

    Consideration of the revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 1-3, 5 and 6. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [trafficking, migrants, immigration, emmigration, policy, organized crime, laundering, transnational organized crime]Proposals and contributions received from Governments (seventh meeting, one) 02/01/2002

    By

    Consideration of the revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 1-3, 5 and 6. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime, Governments, Proposals and contributions]Proposals and contributions received from Governments (seventh meeting, two) 02/01/2002

    By

    Consideration of the additional international legal instrument against illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms,their parts and components and ammunition. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime]Proposals and contributions received from Governments (seventh meeting, three) 01/01/2000

    By United Nations

    The Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with Proposals and contributions received from Governments around the World. [trafficking, migrants, immigration, emmigration, policy, organized crime, laundering]Consideration of the Additional International Legal Instruments Against Trafficking in Women and Children 02/01/2002

    By

    Draft elements for an agreement on the prevention, suppression and punishment of international trafficking in women and children, supplementary to the Convention against Transnational Organized Crime: submitted by Argentina. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Human Rights,International Affairs, Crime,Women,Children, violence against women]Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its seventh session, held in Vienna from 17 – 28 January 2000 (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its seventh session, held in Vienna from 17 to 28 January 2000. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Human rights, transnational organized crime]Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Human rights, transnational organized crime]Corrigendum to UNHCR Note (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    Note by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the United Nations Children’s Fund and the International Organization for Migration on the draft protocols concerning migrant smuggling and trafficking [transnational organized crime]UNCHR Notes on the Migrants and Persons Protocols (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    Note by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the United Nations Children’s Fund and the International Organization for Migration on the draft protocols concerning migrant smuggling and trafficking in persons. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime, human trafficking]Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (eighth meeting) [transnational organized crime]Proposals and contributions received from Governments (Convention) (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    Consideration of the revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 2, 2 bis (subparagraph (a) only), 4, 4 bis, 4 ter, 4 quater, 7, 7 bis, 7 ter, 17, 17 bis, 18, 18 bis and 18 ter. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments (Migrants) (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    Consideration of the additional international legal instrument against illegal trafficking in and transporting of migrants. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments (Firearms) (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    The Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime Proposals and contributions received from the Governments of Australia, Belgium, Canada, and China to name a few. [transnational organized crime]Report of Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its eighth session, held in Vienna from 21 February – 3 March 2000 (ninth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its eighth session, held in Vienna from 21 February to 3 March 2000. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work for the ninth session of the Ad Hoc Committee (ninth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    The Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]Progress report of Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (ninth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    Progress report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (ninth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling1 of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea,2 supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [human trafficking, transnational organized crime]Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (ninth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    The purpose of this Convention is to promote cooperation to prevent and combat transnational organized crime more effectively. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments (Convention) (ninth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By

    Consideration of the revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 2, 2 bis (subparagraph (a) only), 4 bis, 9, 10, 10 bis, 14, 14 bis, 15 and 16. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Crime]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments (Migrants) (ninth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    The Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. [Human rights]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments (Persons) (ninth meeting) 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    The Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with Proposals and contributions received from Governments. [Human Rights,Trafficking]Addendum: Interpretative Notes for the Official Records of the Negotiation of the Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols 02/01/2002

    By

    Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on the work of its first to eleventh sessions. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]The Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols 02/01/2002

    By

    Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on the work of its first to eleventh sessions. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (final document) 02/01/2002

    By

    Articles 1 thru 41 of the United States convention of Transnational Organized Crime. [organized crime, corruption, laundering, policy, transnational organized crime]Protocol against the smuggling of migrants by land, sea and air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (final document) 02/01/2002

    By

    Articles 1 thru 25 of the Protocol against the Smuggling of Immigrants. [Human Rights, human trafficking, transnational organized crime]Central Repository of Legislation on Transnational Organized Crime 02/01/2002

    By

    This repository is part of a broad set of databases maintained by the Secretariat. They include the database on extradition, money laundering, standards and norms, and the statistics of the periodic United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Criminal Justice Operations. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational Organized Crime]Crimes Related to Computer Networks (background paper) 04/01/2000

    By United Nations

    Effectively preventing and combating cyber crime requires a coordinated international approach at different levels. At the domestic level, the investigation of cyber crime requires adequate staff, expertise and procedures. [Cybercrime, Criminal, Computer Networks, Computer systems, Data security]Community Involvement in Crime Prevention (background paper) 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    The present paper has been prepared pursuant to General Assembly resolution 53/110 of 9 December 1998 in which the Assembly endorsed the programme of work for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, including the holding of four practical-orien [Parents,Community, Crime, Policing and justice, ]Women in the Criminal Justice System (background paper) 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    The present paper presents four modules for discussion in the workshop on women in the criminal justice system, each dealing with a different aspect of the situation of women vis-à-vis criminal justice systems within the framework of transnational organized crime: (a) women as offenders and priso [Women, Criminal Justice, Women as victims and survivors, Women as offenders and prisoners, Violence Against Women]Provisional Agenda for the Tenth United Nations Conference on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    The purpose of the pre-congress consultations, which will be open to all States participating in the Tenth Congress, is to reach agreement on recommendations to be made on all procedural and organizational matters to be dealt with by the Tenth Congress at the opening meeting, such as the election [Offender, Victim’s, Criminal Justice, Organizational matters]Promoting the Rule of Law, and Strengthening the Criminal Justice System (working paper) 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    The present paper is intended to inform and stimulate discussion about the rule of law, with a focus on issues that are important for the development and maintenance of effective criminal justice systems. [Offenders, Treatment, Organized Crime, Corruption]Preliminary Draft of the Vienna Declaration on Crime and Justice: Meeting the Challenges of the Twenty-first Century 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    Having assembled at theTenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention ofCrime and the Treatment of Offenders in Vienna from 10 to 17 April 2000 to decide to take more effective concerted action, in a spirit of cooperation, to combat the world crime problem. [Crime, Justice, Prevention, Vienna, criminal justice, Crime Prevention]The State of Crime and Criminal Justice Worldwide 02/01/2002

    By Secretary-General

    The present report contains a description of major crime trends and developments since the Ninth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, held in Cairo from 29 April to 8 May 1995. [Crime, Crime prevention, crime and criminal justice]International Cooperation in Combatting Transnational Crime: New Challenges in the Twenty-First Century (working paper) 02/01/2002

    By

    The present document examines some of the realistic and imaginary fears related to transnational organized crime today. It is a discussion paper, in the sense that some issues are identified, questions are posed and controversies are highlighted, but no final solutions are provided. [Organized Crime, Transnational, illegal migrants, smuggling nuclear material,]Effective Crime Prevention: Keeping Pace With New Developments (working paper) 02/01/2002

    By

    The modern State seeks protection from crime principally through the operations of the law enforcement and criminal justice systems. [Crime Prevention, Community development, Child development, Social development]Offenders and Victims: Accountability and Fairness in the Criminal Justice Process (working paper) 04/01/2000

    By United Nations

    Ever since the advent of modern democracies, criminal justice systems have had the dual function of holding offenders accountable to society for their misdeeds and holding the criminal authorities accountable for their punitive actions against the offender. [Terrorism, Crime, Victims, legal rights of defendants and victims, organized crime]Combatting Corruption (background paper) 02/01/2002

    By

    The workshop on combating corruption will deal with issues related to the prevention and control of corruption using a multidisciplinary approach, as advocated in the Global Programme against Corruption of the Centre for International Crime Prevention and the United Nations Interregional Crime an [Corruption, Crime prevention, Aspects and causes of corruption, Consequences of corruption]Discussion Guide on the Workshops, Ancillary Meetings, Symposia and Exhibits to be Held at the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders 02/01/2002

    By

    The Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, at its sixth session, expressed its support for the format followed for the Ninth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, held at Cairo from 29 April to 8 May 1995. [Criminal Justice, Women, Crime prevention, congress, COMBATING CORRUPTION]Discussion Guide for the Tenth United Nations Conference on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders 02/01/2002

    By TENTH UNITED NATIONS CONGRESS

    as a consultative body of the programme, are to provide a forum for: The exchange of views between States, intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations and individual experts representing various professions and disciplines; The exchange of experiences in research, law and policy [organized, transnational, crime, xenophobia, racism, ethnic conflict, victims and offenders]Crime and Justice: Meeting the Challenges of the Twenty-First Century 02/01/2002

    By

    United Nations congresses on the prevention of crime and the treatment of offenders have been held every five years since 1955. The congresses have promoted crime prevention studies and technical assistance and have encouraged Governments and professionals to share expertise and experience, leading [Crime, Treatment, transnational crime, sexual exploitation, illegal migrants]Information for Participants in the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    The United Nations congresses on the prevention of crime and the treatment of offenders trace their origin to the international penitentiary congresses that had been organized by the International Penal and Penitentiary Commission (IPPC) since the nineteenth century. [Congress, Participants, international penitentiary, criminal justice;]Report of the Western Asian Regional Preparatory Meeting for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders 02/01/2002

    By Ad Hoc Committee

    By its resolution 1998/13 of 28 July 1998, the Economic and Social Council recommended to the General Assembly the adoption of a draft resolution entitled “Preparations for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders”. [Crime, Offenders, Treatment, Prevention of Crime, Crime and justice]Report of the African Regional Preparatory Meeting for the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Held at Kampala from 7 to 9 December 1998 02/01/2002

    By Ad Hoc Committee

    On the recommendation of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice and the Economic and Social Council, the General Assembly adopted resolution 53/110 of 9 December 1998, by which it decided to hold the Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offen [Crime, Offenders, Victims, criminal justice system, combating corruption]United Nations Action Against Corruption and Bribery 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    A report about Corruption and Bribery by the United Nations, featuring Annex’s 1-4. [Corruption, International Issues]International Review of Criminal Policy: UN Manual on the Prevention and Control of Computer-Related Crime 02/01/2002

    By

    Many groups of experts in the computer and crime-enforcement fields have discussed, and continue to discuss, these issues. The discussions suggest that the phenomenon of computer crime has existed for some time and will not go away. Computer technology today is where automotive technology was in [Cybercrime]Bilateral Agreements on Extradition, Judicial/LegalAssistance, Control of Narcotic Drugs, and PrisonerTransfer by Country 02/01/2002

    By

    Historically, countries have cooperated in matters pertaining to crime control by exchanging wanted criminals and fugitive offenders. These exchanges were made through either formal agreements such as treaties or by more informal means. In the present and more recent past, the exchange of wanted [Drugs and Crime]Handbook on Justice for Victims 02/01/2002

    By

    Crime takes an enormous physical, financial and emotional toll on its victims. On 29 November 1985, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power (General Assembly resolution 40/34, annex) based on the convic [Human Rights]Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners 02/01/2002

    By

    The following rules are to be applied without discrimination on the grounds of race, color, sex, language, religion, political opinions, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. It is necessary, however, to respect religious beliefs of prisoners. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Human Rights, Basic principle, Accommodation, Personal hygiene, Medical services ]Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials 02/01/2002

    By

    All those who exercise police powers shall respect and protect human dignity and uphold the human rights of all persons. Law enforcement officials shall fulfill the duty imposed on them by law by serving the community and protecting all persons against illegal acts. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Law Enforcement]Milan Plan of Action 02/01/2002

    By

    Possessing national and international dimensions, the problem of crime demands a concerted response from the community of nations to reduce opportunities for the commission of crimes and to address relevant socioeconomic factors, such as poverty, inequality and unemployment. Unbalanced or inadequate [crime, Recommendations, UN]Guiding Principles for Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice in the Context of Development and a New International Economic Order 02/01/2002

    By United Nations

    Crime prevention as a global phenomenon should not be confined to common criminality, but should also address especially harmful crimes, including economic crime, environmental offenses, illegal drug trafficking, terrorism, apartheid and other comparable crimes. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Crime Prevention]Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary 02/01/2002

    By

    The independence of the judiciary shall be guaranteed by the State and enshrined in the constitution or law of the country. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Judiciary]Model Agreement on the Transfer of Foreign Prisoners and Recommendations on the Treatment of Foreign Prisoners 02/01/2002

    By

    Foreign prisoners should be informed, in a language they understand, of the prison regime and regulations as well as their right to request contact with consular authorities. Proper assistance should be given in dealings with medical or programme staff and concerning such matters as complaints, spec [Foreign Prisoners]Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice 02/01/2002

    By

    Parts 1 thru 6 of the Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice, for UNCJIN. [Juvenile Delinquency]Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and the Abuse of Power 02/01/2002

    By

    A Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and the Abuse of Power, for UNCJIN. [Victims of Crime]Standard Minimum Rules for Non-Custodial Measures 02/01/2002

    By

    The Standard Minimum Rules are basic principles to promote the use of non-custodial measures and establish minimum safeguards for persons subject to alternatives to imprisonment. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Crime and Punishment]Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency 02/01/2002

    By

    Progressive delinquency prevention policies should avoid criminalizing a child for behavior that does not cause serious damage to the development of the child or harm to others. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Juvenile Delinquency]Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty 02/01/2002

    By

    The Rules are designed to establish minimum standards accepted by the United Nations for the protection of juveniles deprived of their liberty and serve as convenient standards of reference to professionals involved in the juvenile justice system. They should be made available to juvenile justice pe [Crime and Punishment]Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials 02/01/2002

    By

    Governments and law enforcement agencies shall adopt and implement rules and regulations on the use of force and firearms against persons bylaw enforcement officials and keep associated ethical issues constantly under review. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Law Enforcement]Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers 02/01/2002

    By

    All persons are entitled to call upon the assistance of a lawyer of their choice to protect and establish their rights and defend them in all stages of criminal proceedings. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Law]Guidelines on the Role of Prosecutors 02/01/2002

    By

    Persons selected as prosecutors shall be individuals of integrity and ability, with appropriate training and qualifications. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Crime]Model Treaty on Extradition 02/01/2002

    By

    Articles 1-18 of the Model Treaty on Extradition, Adopted by the Eighth Crime Congress, Havana, 27 August-7 September 1990. [Extradition]Model Treaty on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters 02/01/2002

    By

    Articles 1-21 of the Model Treaty on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters. [Crime]Model Treaty on the Transfer of Proceedings in Criminal Matters 02/01/2002

    By

    Articles 1-15 of the Model Treaty on the Transfer of Proceedings in Criminal Matters. [Human Rights]Model Treaty on the Transfer of Supervision of Offenders Conditionally Sentenced or Conditionally Released 02/01/2002

    By

    Articles 1-15 of the Model Treaty on the Transfer of Supervision of Offenders Conditionally Sentenced or Conditionally Released. [Crime and Punishment]Model Treaty for the Prevention of Crimes that Infringe on the Cultural Heritage of Peoples in the Form of Movable Property 02/01/2002

    By

    Articles 1-5 of the Model Treaty for the Prevention of Crimes that Infringe on the Cultural Heritage of Peoples in the Form of Movable Property. [Human Rights]Annex to Resolution on Measures Against International Terrorism 02/01/2002

    By

    It would be useful to identify behavior that the international community regards as unacceptable and that requires the application of effective preventive and repressive measures consistent with international law, although to date the international community has been unable to arrive at a universall [Human Rights, terrorism]Compendium of United Nations Standards and Norms in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 02/01/2002

    By

    The United Nations congresses on the prevention of crime and the treatment of offenders have placed special emphasis on the general issues of criminal policy, in addition to dealing with specific aspects of crime prevention and criminal justice. It is broadly understood that crime and delinquency s [Standards, International Cooperation, Juvenile Justice, Capital Punishment]Guide for Policy Makers on the Implementation of the United Nations Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power 02/01/2002

    By United Nations Office for drug Control and Crime Prevention

    Guide for policy makers on the implementation of the UN declaration of basic principles of justice for vistims of crime and abuse of power [Victims of crime, policy]First and Second United Nations Surveys of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1970 – 1980) 02/01/2002

    By

    These are data from a validation survey that attempted to validate existing data for the First and Second United Nations Surveys of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems. Attempts were also made to fill in some missing data. The data are in ASCII. They are not compressed. Please be [International Affairs]The Second and Third United Nations Surveys of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1975 – 1986) 02/01/2002

    By

    There are many shortcomings and difficulties in using international criminal justice data sets. Please read the codebook in order to avoid making serious mistakes. The codebook describes how to use the files and how the data sets are structured. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [International Affairs]The Fourth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1986 – 1990) 02/01/2002

    By

    The primary goal of the Fourth United Nations Survey is to increase knowledge regarding the incidence of reported crime and the structure of criminal justice systems as a basis for improving the international exchange of information. The survey covers the years 1986-1990 and is a valuable source for [policy, crime patterns]The Fifth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1990 – 1994) 02/01/2002

    By

    A list of Codebooks in ASCII (txt) Format, for the ODCCP and UNCJIN. [International Affairs]The Sixth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1995 – 1997) 02/01/2002

    By

    This Survey questionnaire* consists of a series of questions that ask for data, primarily statistical, on the main components of the criminal justice system, for the years 1995 to 1997. The following paragraphs include the instructions given to Government respondents. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [International Affairs]Total Recorded Crime per 100,000 Population: Combined Data from the Third through Sixth United Nations Surveys of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1982-1997) 02/01/2002

    By

    Two charts from the years 1980-1997, regarding Total recorded crime per 100,000 population. [Crime]Global Bibliography of Prison Systems 05/01/1999

    By Philip L. Reichel (compiler)

    The primary goal for this bibliography is to provide practitioners, scholars, and students, with a reasonably comprehensive source for identifying information written about the prison system in as many countries of the world as possible. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Bibliography, Reference, Search, General]Freedom of Expression and Democracy 02/01/2002

    By

    In 1989, after the end of the Cold War, UNESCO further strengthened its commitments to freedom of the press. To this end, UNESCO organized in all regions of the world a series of seminars on freedom of the press, independent and pluralistic media which led to the adoption of key reference texts. T [International Affairs]THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A PERMANENT INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT 02/01/2002

    By

    The High Commissioner draws attention to the steady rise in frequency and severity of attacks against persons serving in United Nations operations – including those mandated to carry out human rights work – and the necessity therefore of including in the statute crimes against United Nations and ass [policy, international affairs]Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography 01/01/2002

    By United Nations

    Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography [Human trafficking, child abuse, prostitution, human rights, ]Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War 10/01/1950

    By Diplomatic Conference for the Establishment of

    The Geneva Convention guidelines for treating prisoners of war [corrections, human rights]Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners 05/01/1977

    By First United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders

    A set of rules governing inmates in prisons [corrections, human rights]Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials 09/01/1990

    By Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders

    The basic principles set forth below, which have been formulated to assist Member States in their task of ensuring and promoting the proper role of law enforcement officials, should be taken into account and respected by Governments within the framework of their national legislation and practice, an [law enforcement]Minority Rights Fact Sheet 02/01/2002

    By

    The protection of minorities has not, until recently, attracted the same level of attention as that accorded other rights which the United Nations considered as having a greater urgency. In recent years, however, there has been a heightened interest in issues affecting minorities as ethnic, racial a [human rights]Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women 02/01/1994

    By United Nations

    Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women [violence against women]Report of the 2nd Seminar on Anti-Corruption Strategies 02/01/2002

    By

    The Second Seminar on Anti-Corruption Strategies for Central and Eastern European Countries (Seminar) was held at the International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA), Budapest, Hungary, from 25 to 28 May 1998. The Seminar was organised by UNICRI and generously funded by the United States Department of [Political/Administrative corruption, Economic corruption]Combating Corruption in Central and Eastern Europe 02/01/2002

    By

    Corruption is regarded as a major problem in society, one capable of endangering the stability and security of societies, undermining the values of democracy and morality, jeopardising social, economic and political development, and threatening peace. Because of current growing concerns about corrup [corruption, law enforcement, policy, extortion, bribery, police]Victims of Crime in the Balkan Region 02/01/2002

    By Ugljesa Zvekic, Boyan Stankov, Vasilika Hysi, Demir Majko, Anna Alvazzi del Frate, Violeta Caceva, Rodica Mihaela Stanoiu, Horia Mihail Vasilescu, Vesna Nikolic Ristanovic

    The advent of 1989 in the former socialist states of Eastern and Central Europe generated a process of political, economic and social change oriented towards the promotion of market economy, pluralistic democracy and transparency and accountability in public management. This is not only a matter of [victims of crime]Criminal Law and Its Administration in International Environmental Conventions 02/01/2002

    By Svend Soyland, Mohan Prabhu

    Increased concern with environmental protection across the globe has resulted in a shared belief that effective environmental protection requires, inter alia, a more pronounced role of criminal law. There is also a shared commitment to international as well as regional and (sub) regional co-operatio [environmental protection, crime, pollution, endangered species, fauna, flora, waste, ]Police Training Activities for the Prevention and Control of Drug Abuse 02/01/2002

    By Tom Ellis, Carla Ippoliti

    This project was an attempt towards gaining knowledge about police drugs training courses internationally. Within the limits of its reach and methodology, it provided a flavour of the differences in approaches used in selected countries and a better idea of how to study and compare training of this [drug abuse, police training, law enforcement]Crime and Criminal Justice Information in Papua New Guinea 02/01/2002

    By Ugljesa Zvekic, Donald James Weatherburn

    Judging from the available information, including experts’ [1] and mass-media reports and concerns expressed by the Government of PNG, law and order is considered to be among the priority issues in the country. The Government and people of PNG are rightly concerned by the law and order situation per [ciminal justice, crime]Violence in the Family: An International Bibliography with Literature Review 02/01/2002

    By Angela Patrignani, Renaud Ville

    This paper is an executive summary. In order to have a global and therefore more objective view of the field, we strongly recommend the reading of the complete report composed of the following: an introduction, a background with methodology, a quantitative analysis with data and comments, a literatu [family violence, domstic violence, violence against women, child abuse, sexual assault]Women’s Victimisation in Developing Countries 02/01/2002

    By Anna Alvazzi del Frate, Angela Patrignani

    Violence against women in society and within the family is related to the problem of women’s oppression both in the developed and developing countries. Although the available information is partial it does evidence that women in the developing countries are at a greater risk of various forms of vict [sexual abuse, women, gender, discrimination, rape, sexual harassment, incest, exploitation, Violence Against Women]Child Abuse: Some Reflections Based on the Situation in Six European Countries 02/01/2002

    By Renaud Ville

    Although there are different contexts and situations in which the child is considered in danger – for example, in the area of prostitution or crime, in the work place, in institutions, or during armed conflicts – this study is limited to child abuse within the framework of the family. (Excerpted fro [Child Abuse, domestic violence]Crime in Southern Africa: Towards the Year 2000 02/01/2002

    By David MacDonald, Louis Molamu

    Crime in Southern Africa has increased substantially over the past few decades and has rapidly become a major social problem posing a distinct barrier to the development process. It is recognised that as countries in the region continue to make the transition from “traditional” to “modern” and to ex [trends, social, cultural, economic, political, consequences, criminal justice]Preventing Crime: Citizens” Experience Across the World 02/01/2002

    By Anna Alvazzi del Frate

    The International Crime (Victim) Survey (IC(V)S) is a comparative research exercise that has so far involved more than fifty countries. It was built on the pioneering work undertaken in 1989 and on pilot projects carried out before, and has now reached its third “sweep”. The survey is an endeavour c [reporting, police, fear of crime, crime prevention, punishment, attitudes, insecurity, police community relations, law enforcement]Enviromental Crime, Sanctioning Strategies and Sustainable Development 02/01/2002

    By A. Alvazzi del Frate, J. Norberry

    In the past, some polluting behaviours were seen as normal and inevitable consequences of industrialisation and national progress. In many countries environmental protection was based on reliance on a non-punitive, conciliatory style of securing compliance with environmental laws and regulations. In [environment, deveopment, sanction, pollution, protection]Criminal Victimisation in the Developing World 02/01/2002

    By U. Zvekic, A. Alvazzi del Frate

    This publication presents results of the developing countries’ component of the 1992-94 International Crime (Victim) Survey. In all, 13 developing countries were involved. The information is presented in two parts. Part 1 contains a comparative overview of the survey results with particular attentio [criminal justice, criminology, theories, development, information, testing]Human Smuggling and Trafficking: a Desk Review on the Trafficking in Women from the Phillipines 04/01/2000

    By Fiona David, Paula Monzini, Monika Peruffo

    This document reflects existing studies and documents on human trafficking, especially in women. This document also considers the state of existing knowledge with respect to Transnational Organized Crime and Smuggling and Trafficking in the Philippines. [Human Trafficking, Transnational Organized Crime, violence against women]Criminal Organisations and Crimes Against the Environment: A Desktop Study 06/01/2000

    By Sven Soyland

    The present report is primarily based on material collected in journals, newspapers, books and material found on the Internet. A number of experts within the field covered by the report have been identified and approached. (courtesy of UNICRI) [Organized crime, environment]Trafficking in Women and Children, UNIFEM East and South East … 04/01/2002

    By

    “The effective suppression of trafficking in women and girls for the sex trade is a matter of pressing international concern. … The use of women in international prostitution and trafficking networks has become a major focus on international organized crime. . . . . . Women and girls who are victi [Human rights,International Issues,Human Trafficking,Prostitution,Organized Crime, violence against women]Drug Abuse in Asia 01/01/1986

    By CHARAS SUWANWELA, VICHAI POSHYACHINDA

    The article focuses on countries and areas of South-East Asia, which are seriously affected by drug abuse and the problems associated with it. [drug abuse, Southeast Asia, Heroin]United Nations Surveys on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems 12/01/2003

    By United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

    The major goal of the United Nations Surveys on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems is to collect data on the incidence of reported crime and the operations of criminal justice systems with a view to improving the analysis and dissemination of that information globally. [crime prevention, crime patterns, statistics]Trafficking in Human Beings 10/01/2003

    By UN Global Programme against Trafficking in Human Beings

    Trafficking in human beings is a global issue, but a lack of systematic research means that reliable data on the trafficking of human beings that would allow comparative analyses and the design of countermeasures is scarce. GPAT assists Member States in their efforts to combat trafficking in human [Human Trafficking,Human Rights,Modern Slavery,Sex Trade,Victims of Crime, juvenile crime, child prostitution, violence against women]Strengthening the Rule of Law by an Enhanced Network of Control Measures and Improved Law Enforcement Cooperation and Legislative Review 06/01/2002

    By UNODC

    The article discusses drug production, trafficking, and use in Southeast Asia. [Drugs and Crimes,Law enforcement,Money laundering,International Issues,Drug trade,Drug trafficking]Regional Drug Control Profile for Southeast Asia and the Pacific 06/01/2002

    By UNDCP

    [Drugs and Crime]Global Study on Illegal Drugs: the case of Bangkok, Thailand 02/01/2000

    By Nualnoi Treerat, Noppanun Wannathepsakul, Daniel Ray Lewis

    This article discusses the Amphedamine epidemic taking place in Bangkok,Thailand. [drug trafficking, Juveniles]Specialized Felony Domestic Violence Courts: Lessons on Implementation and Impacts from the Kings County Experience 10/01/2001

    By Lisa Newmark, Mike Rempel, Kelly Diffily, Kamala Mallik Kane

    This evaluation documents key features of Brooklyn’s Felony Domestic Violence Court model. We found that the court seemed to change the types of cases entering it, prosecutors were more likely to indict cases with less severe charges. FDVC victims were more likely to be assigned an advocate, and d [domestic violence, violence against women, courts, recidivism]The Complexities of Victim Research: Implementation Lessons from the Victim Impact Evaluation of Nonprofit Victim Services in the STOP Program. 07/01/2002

    By Janine M. Zweig and Martha R. Burt

    Throughout the 1970s and 1980s public awareness regarding violent crimes against women grew and many federal legislative changes resulted in increased funding for services for women (Bureau of Justice Assistance, 1993; Department of Justice, 1984; Harrell, Roehl, and Kapsak, 1988; Newmark, Harrel [violence against women, domestic violence, sexual assault, ]The Effects on Victims of Victim Service Programs Funded by the STOP Formula Grants Program 02/01/2003

    By Janine M. Zweig, Martha R. Burt, Asheley Van Ness

    The purpose of this evaluation was to assess whether STOP’s financial support for direct victim services offered through private nonprofit victim service agencies helps victims of domestic violence and sexual assault improve their safety and well-being, and work successfully with legal system and [violence against women, domestic violence, sexual assault, ]1998 Report: Evaluation of the STOP Formula Grants Under the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 07/01/1998

    By Martha R. Burt, Lisa C. Newmark, Lisa K. Jacobs, Adele V. Harrell

    In FY 1998, 54 of the 56 states and territories eligible for STOP funds received their awards from OJP, totaling more that $130 million, within three months of the congressional appropriation. The timely notification of awards has been coupled with technical support for preparation of state plan [violence against women, domestic violence, sexual assault, ]1999 Report: Evaluation of the STOP Formula Grants Under the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 07/01/1999

    By Martha R. Burt, Adele V. Harrell, Lisa Jacobs Raymond, Britta Iwen, Kathryn Schlichter, Bonnie L. Katz, Lauren Bennett, Kim Thompson

    Since the STOP program began in 1995, the states have made great strides in implementing their own strategies for developing community responses to domestic violence and sexual assault. In telephone interviews, state STOP administrators are unanimous in their agreement that STOP money is achievi [violence against women, domestic violence, sexual assault, ]2001 Report: Evaluation of the STOP Formula Grants to Combat Violence Against Women 09/01/2001

    By Martha R. Burt, Janine M. Zweig, Cynthia Andrews, Ashley Van Ness, Neal Parikh, Brenda K. Uekert, Adele V. Harrell

    For the fiscal years 1995 through 2000, more than $440 million was spent funding nearly 9,000 subgrants reported on Subgrant Award and Performance Reports (SAPRs). These subgrants funded 3,444 separate projects. Although the median award was modest, at just over $30,000, many projects received m [violence against women, domestic violence, sexual assault, ]EVALUATION GUIDEBOOK: FOR PROJECTS FUNDED BY S.T.O.P. FORMULA GRANTS UNDER THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT 12/01/1997

    By Martha R. Burt, Adele V. Harrell, Lisa C. Newmark, Laudan Y. Aron, Lisa K. Jacobs

    This Evaluation Guidebook is intended as a resource for all people interested in learning more about the success of programs that try to aid women victims of violence. It has been written especially for projects funded through STOP formula grants, but has wider application to any program addressi [sexual assault, violence against women, domestic violence, stalking]1997 Report: Evaluation of the STOP Formula Grants Under the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 03/01/1997

    By Martha R. Burt, Lisa C. Newmark, Krista K. Olson, Laudan Y. Aron, Adele V. Harrell

    This report documents federal and state activities and accomplishments in the second year of implementing the resulting ìSTOP Violence Against Womenî formula grants program. It was developed under a competitively awarded grant from the National Institute of Justice to provide a basis for reportin [sexual assault, violence against women, domestic violence, stalking]Building Knowledge about Crime & Justice in the Global Age: Infrastructure First 02/01/2002

    By Jeremy Travis

    My topic this morning is the development of knowledge about crime and justice in a global era. (excerpted from the Author) [international crime, policy, global era, infrastructure, diversity]Evaluation of the STOP Block Grants to Combat Violence Against Women Act of 1994: The Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (1996 Report) 03/01/1996

    By Martha R. Burt, Daryl Dyer, Lisa C. Newmark, Mary Norris, Adele V. Harrell

    The Violence Against Women Act, Title IV of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (P.L. 103-322), provides for Law Enforcement and Prosecution Grants to states under Chapter 2 of the Safe Streets Act. The grants are “to assist States, Indian tribal governments, and units of local [violence against women, domestic violence, sexual assault, ]Efforts by Child Welfare Agencies to Address Domestic Violence: The Experiences of Five Communities 03/01/1997

    By Laudan Y. Aron, Krista K. Olson

    Until recently, programs and policies for family violence or abuse have responded to two of its forms — child maltreatment and woman battering — through two different service systems, child protective services (CPS) and domestic violence programs. This separation is due, in part, to differences in w [domestic violence, child abuse, violence against women]Approaches to Civic Education: Lessons Learned) 06/01/2002

    By Sharon Morris, Ph.D.

    In order to better understand how and under what conditions civic education contributes to the development of a more active and informed democratic citizenry, USAID initiated a major multi-part study designed to measure the impact of both adult and school-based civic education programs on partici [civic education, crime prevention]Release of the 2001 Report “Patterns of Global Terrorism” 05/01/2002

    By Colin L. Powell

    This Report, mandated by Congress, is the 22nd such annual report to chronicle in grim detail the lethal threat that terrorism casts over the globe. Though the threat from terrorism is not new, the world’s resolve to defeat it has never been greater. [terrorism]Triad Drug Treatment Evaluation Project1 12/01/2001

    By Bernadette Pelissier, William Rhodes, William Saylor, Gerry Gaes, Scott D. Camp, Suzy D. Vanyur, Sue Wallace

    The Bureau of Prisons undertook an evaluation of its residential drug abuse treatment program by assessing the post-release outcomes of inmates who had been released from BOP custody. The evaluation, conducted with funding and assistance from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, reveals that [prison, corrections, inmate drug treatment, ]Criminal Justice and the IT Revolution 09/01/2001

    By Terence Dunworth

    The revolution has enormous implications for the criminal justice system, which is generally regarded as a fragmented and sometimes cumbersome processor and user of information.3 It has provided a capacity for information management that has begun to radically change the way in which law enfor [cybercrime]DOJ Response to Terrorist Attacks 02/01/2002

    By U.S. Department of Justice

    This is a DOJ Terrorist Attack and Emergency Planning Information website. [FBI, Terrorist Attack, Emergency Planning, terrorism]Communique Annex: Action Plan to Combat High-Tech Crime 02/01/2002

    By US Department of Justice

    An Action Plan to Combat High-Tech Crime, from the US Department of Justice. [Cybercrime]The Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section’s List of Relevant Web Sites 02/01/2002

    By US Department of Justice

    The Department of Justice’s Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section’s list of relevant web sites. [Cybercrime]Statement by Attorney General Janet Reno on the Meeting of Justice and Interior Ministers of the Eight 12/01/1997

    By

    Today, we reached agreements that will boost our ability to combat international high-tech and computer-related crime and help us better assist each other in a broad range of law enforcement matters. Officials from our nations have been hard at work at this for the past year. (courtesy of USDOJ) [Cybercrime]Meeting of the Justice and Interior Ministers of The Eight, December 9-10, 1997, COMMUNIQUE 12/01/1997

    By

    At the Summit of The Eight in Denver, our Heads of State and Government directed us to intensify our efforts to implement the forty recommendations of the Summit of Lyon, in order to combat transnational organized criminal activity posing an ever-greater threat to the individual and collective secur [Cybercrime]Council of Europe Recommendation 95(13) relating to problems of criminal procedural law connected with information technology, Sept. 1995 02/01/2002

    By

    An Appendix to Recommendation No R. (95) 13, for the US Department of Justice. [Cybercrime]Combating Child Pornography On The Internet 09/01/1999

    By Eric Holder

    Child pornography on the Internet must be an issue of international concern, it must be at the forefront of the global agenda. Children are our most precious and fragile resource, they are our future. This is true regardless of what nation they come from. Their protection must be an international pr [Cybercrime, child pornography, children-crimes against]US Department of Justice Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section 02/01/2002

    By

    Links to reports and info found on WWW.CYBERCRIME.GOV, including General information and New updates. [Cybercrime]Communique Annex: Principles to Combat High-Tech Crime 02/01/2002

    By U.S. Department of Justice

    A list of PRINCIPLES TO COMBAT HIGH-TECH CRIME from 1-10, by the US Department of Justice. [Cybercrime, Safe Haven, Technologies, High-tech crimes]Trafficking in Persons A Guide for Non-Governmental Organizations 06/01/2003

    By U.S. Department of Justice

    This article discusses human trafficking in the United States. Trafficking in persons – also known as “human trafficking” – is a form of modern-day slavery. Traffickers often prey on individuals who are poor, frequently unemployed or underemployed, and who may lack access to social safety nets, pred [Human Rights,HumanTrafficking,, violence against women]Information for Victims of Trafficking in Persons and Forced Labor 06/01/2003

    By U.S. Department of Justice

    The U.S. Government is trying to stop a very serious problem­the problem of human trafficking. We are giving you this brochure because we want you to know that everybody in the United States has rights and is protected by our laws. Freedom is one of the most important rights. In the United States, n [Human Trafficking, Prostitution, Forced Labor]DEA Congressional Testimony Before the House Government Reform Committee, Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources 02/01/2000

    By

    Chairman Mica and members of the Subcommittee. It is a pleasure for me to appear here today to testify on the narcotics crisis in Colombia. We in DEA believe that the international trafficking organizations based in Colombia who smuggle their illegal drugs into our country pose a formidable challeng [Drugs and Crime]DEA Congressional Testimony – Statement by: Michael S. Vigil Special Agent in Charge, Caribbean Field Division,Drug Enforcement Administration, United States Department of Justice 04/01/2000

    By

    Mr. Chairman, Members of the Subcommittee: I appreciate the opportunity to appear today to discuss the issue of drug trafficking throughout the Caribbean and specifically, Haiti. I would first like to thank the Subcommittee for its continued support of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and o [Drugs and Crime]DEA Congressional Testimony Before the: House Government Reform Committee, Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources 08/01/1999

    By William Ledwith

    Chairman Mica and members of the Committee. It is a pleasure for me to appear here today to testify on counterdrug issues in Colombia. We believe that the international drug trafficking organizations based in Colombia who smuggle their poison into our country are, indeed, a threat to the national se [Drugs and Crime,Trafficking,Organized Crime,Colombia,Terrorists]The Price Dynamics of Southeast Asian Heroin 02/01/2001

    By U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)

    This report provides an analysis of available data on Opium and Heroin prices in Mainland Southeast Asia. [Drugs and Crime,smuggling]RACIAL PROFILING Fact Sheet 06/01/2003

    By U.S. Department of Justice

    Guidlines from the United States Department of Justice on the use of racial profiling in law enforcement [law enforcement, civil rights]U.S. Chronology of Nuclear Smuggling Incidents, 1993-1996 02/01/2002

    By

    The following Chronology of Nuclear Smuggling Incidents was an appendix to the March 20 testimony by Director of Central Intelligence John Deutch before the Senate Permanent Investigations Subcommittee on global proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and illicit trafficking of nuclear material [Drugs and Crime]Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Capital Punishment 02/01/2002

    By James Fieser

    The applied ethics issue of capital punishment involves determining whether the execution of criminals is ever justified, and, if so under what circumstances it is permissible. Philosophical defenses of capital punishment typically draw from more general discussions of punishment. (courtesy of The I [Death Penalty]INFO-EUROPA (Boletin Informativo sobre la Union Europa) 02/01/2002

    By

    También es posible hacer búsquedas en los números atrasados de Info-Europa. Para ello, teclee a continuación el término o términos de los que le interesa encontrar información, y en breves instantes tendrá en pantalla un listado de los ejemplares de nuestro boletín electrónico en los que se hablaba [International Affairs]HEUNI Newsletter July 2000 02/01/2002

    By

    A meeting report of the TENTH UNITED NATIONS CONGRESS on the Prevention of crime and the Treatment of Offenders. [Meeting Reports, Items of Interest, Staff news, Trafficking, Human rights]Draft United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime 02/01/2002

    By

    The purpose of this Convention is to promote cooperation among the States Parties so that they may address more effectively the various aspects of organized crime having an international dimension. In carrying out their obligations under the Convention, the Parties shall take necessary measures, inc [International Affairs, transnational organized crime]Five Issues in Criminal Justice: Corruption, Women in the Criminal Justice System, Criminal Policy Indicators, Community Crime Prevention, and Computer Crime 02/01/2002

    By

    This background paper had then been sent to several other persons representing different parts of Europe, for commentary. The background papers and commentaries in turn had then been sent in advance to all of the participants so that everyone had had time to review the material already before the [combatting corruption, acts and attitudes, main report, commentaries]Compensation Practices of States of the European Union Connected to Crimes Against Women 02/01/2002

    By Christian Bochmann,Kai Uwe Griesheim

    The overall aim of this preliminary study is to provide data on the compensation practices of various States within the European Union and in particular, will concentrate on crimes of domestic violence against women and examine the different outcomes for these victims, under each legal system. (ex [Human Rights, Violence Against Women]Drug Offenders in the Global Criminal Justice System 02/01/2002

    By Sheryl Van Horne,Graham Farrell

    The present work assesses the extent, variation and changes in drug trafficking, drug possession and all drug offences in criminal justice systems around the world between. (excerpted from the Authors) [International Affairs]Pervasive Illicit Small Arms Availability: A Global Threat 02/01/2002

    By Peter Lock

    A report by Peter Lock for the United Nations on Illicit Small arms availability to unstable countries or groups that use these weapons as a means of global upheaval. [International Affairs, Analysis, Proposals, Literature]Crime, Justice and Human Rights in the Baltics 02/01/2002

    By Maeve McMahon

    This report examines crime, justice, and related human rights issues in the Baltics. It also aims to provide some insights into the experiences of criminal justice reformers during the initial period of independence from Soviet rule,1 and during the transition from command to market economies in Lit [Human Rights, Socio-Economic, Organized Crime, Crime Control, Repressive Legislation ]Alien-Smuggling and Uncontrolled Migration in Northern Europe and the Baltic Region 02/01/2002

    By Christopher J. Ulrich

    The issue of alien-smuggling has been discussed in various contexts, such as the Council of Europe and the Organization Economic Cooperation and Development. (courtesy of Matti Joutsen for HUENI) [human trafficking, regional overview, national response, regional responses]Managing International Technical Assistance Projects in Criminal Justice 02/01/2002

    By Matti Joutsen

    The HEUNI expert meeting was envisaged as part of an ongoing process of the improvement of international cooperation in crime prevention and criminal justice. Most directly, the discussions were designed to increase awareness of the problems encountered, and to improve utilization of the information [Identification of priorities, assessment, project proposal, Ensuring coordination]Motor Vehicle Theft in Europe 02/01/2002

    By

    [In Russian (cannot decipher)]Axioms of Web Architecture: Links and Law 04/01/1997

    By Tim Berners-Lee

    The article is about internet links & laws on websites. [embedded material , endorsement, material predate , seriously damage ]Indonesia’s National Human Rights Commission: A Step in the Right Direction? 06/01/2002

    By Monika Talwar

    When Indonesia’s President Suharto issued a decree establishing the National Commission on Human Rights four years ago, many thought it would amount to nothing more than an ineffectual body that would condone the Government’s well-documented human rights violations. Four years later, however, attitu [Human rights, Indonesia]Seven Candidates for Prosecution: Accountability for the Crimes of the Khmer Rouge 06/01/2001

    By Stephen Heder, Brian D. Tittemore

    This report examines the responsibility of seven senior officials for their roles in developing and implementing the murderous policies of the Communist party of Kampuchea (CPK)during the mid to late 1970’s. [war crimes,Human Rights,Victims of Crime]Against the Tide: The Death Penalty in Southeast Asia 06/01/2002

    By Amnesty International

    [Death penalty]Executive Order on Terrorist Financing 04/01/2002

    By George W. Bush, President of the United States of America

    This order sets forth the rules for blocking property and prohibiting transactions with persons who commit, threaten to commit, or support terrorism. [Terrorism, Attacks, Secretary of State, Secretary of Treasury, IEEPA]The National Security Strategy of the United States if America 09/01/2002

    By The White House

    Today, the United States enjoys a position of unparalleled military strength and great economic and political influence. In keeping with our heritage and principles, we do not use our strength to press for unilateral advantage.We seek instead to create a balance of power that favors human freedom [terrorism]ONDCP Fact Sheet International Money Laundering and Asset Forfeiture 06/01/2003

    By Office of National Drug Control Policy

    This report details and evaluates international anti-money laundering initiatives, significant enforcement efforts, money laundering trends, and offshore banking centers. [international money laundering,Drugs and Crime,International Issues,]National Drug Control Strategy 2002 04/01/2002

    By White House

    The goal of the program is to allow students to gain an outstanding educational and work experience within various components of ONDCP. [drugs, drug policy, white house]Challenges in the Next Stage of Anti-Corruption 02/01/2002

    By Daniel Kaufmann

    The topic this afternoon in this participatory post- Soviet fora is the ever-latent potential for economic reform and recovery.The newly appointed Vice-Premier in charge of the Economy, a reformist, is engaged in a heated discussion on the government intentions to reform, arguing that this time it i [corruption, policy, role of government, law]Corruption and Development 02/01/2002

    By Cheryl Gray, Daniel Kaufman

    An Article by Cheryl Gray and Daniel Kaufman for the Worldbank, about Corruption and Development, ways to enhance anti-corruption efforts and help economically developing communities as well. [corruption, economic costs, government contracts]Le role d’un systeme national d’integrite dans la lutte contre la corruption 02/01/2002

    By Petter Langseth, Rick Strapenhurst, Jeremy Pope

    [In french (cannot translate)]La funcion de un sistema nacional de integridad nacional en la lucha contra la corrupcion 02/01/2002

    By Petter Langseth, Rick Strapenhurst, Jeremy Pope

    El tema de la corrupción ha llegado a ocupar el centro del escenario dentro de toda sociedad civil. Las consecuencias económicas que se dan dentro de una corrupción generalizada junto con las recientes tendencias hacia la democratización han aumentado la presión para que los funcionarios públicos se [Corruption, International Issues]The Role of National Integrity System in Fighting Corruption 02/01/2002

    By Petter Langseth, Rick Strapenhurst, Jeremy Pope

    This paper does not suggest that there are any easy solutions or models that can be applied in the fight against corruption; nor does it suggest that any country has yet designed an ideal model, or indeed, that such an ideal model exists. What this paper does argue is that while each country or r [corruption, policy, role of government, law]Pillars of Integrity: The Importance of Supreme Audit Institutions in Curbing Corruption. 02/01/2002

    By Kenneth M. Dye and Rick Stapenhurst

    This paper discusses the role of SAIs in promoting accountability and transparency within government,considers some of the factors making for effective SAIs and highlights the linkages between the audit institutions and other “pillars of integrity,” notably the media and Parliament.(abst [Corruption, SAI, The Media, Audits, Historical Background]National Integrity System Country Studies. 02/01/2002

    By Petter Langseth, Rick Stapenhurst

    The issue of corruption has come to center stage. The economic consequences of pervasive corruption, and recent trends toward democratization, have increased the pressure for accountability and transparency from those in public office. This paper builds on an earlier Working Paper (“The Rol [corruption, costs, private sector, government reforms]Why has South East Asia become the second front in Bush’s 06/01/2002

    By Peter Symonds

    the decision by the Bush administration to open up “a second front” in South East Asia was neither accidental nor a response to any serious threat to the US. The September 11 attacks were seized upon by the White House and the Pentagon to press ahead with long-held plans to reverse the d [Terrorism, Second front]Internally Displaced People In Burma 06/01/2002

    By Burma Centrum Netherlands

    The civilian government led by Aung San Suu Kyi, known as the ‘National League for Democracy’, was legitimately elected by the people of Burma in 1990. The SLORC refused to cede power to it and has received international condemnation for its refusal and the systematic human rights abuses [Human Rights, Displaced people, Burma]Nathanson Center for the Study of Organized Crime and Corruption Organized Crime Web Links 05/01/2003

    By Nathanson Center for the Study of Organized Crime and Corruption

    This page provides links to other web sites with information on or references to organized crime and corruption. This list should not be considered exhaustive. Please also search our bibliographic database and bibliography. [Organized crime]Resolution of the International Round Table on the Battle against the Trade in Women and Children for Sexual Exploitation and Pornography (Zaporizhya, 11 May 2000) 05/01/2002

    By

    [women-crimes against, child sexual abuse, Violence Against Women]UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, Overview of the Reporting Procedures 02/01/2002

    By

    Committee on the Rights of the Child, Overview of the reporting procedures, U.N. Doc. CRC/C/33 (1994). [Human Rights, Children’s Rights, United Nations, policy]UN Committee on the Rights of the Child: Comments on Country Reports 02/01/2002

    By UN Committee on the Rights of the Child

    CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS/COMMENTS OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD. [Human Rights, Children’s Rights]Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 02/01/2002

    By

    Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, G.A. res. 3452 (XXX), annex, 30 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 34) at 91, U.N. Doc. A/10034 (1975). [Human Rights, united nations, policy, torture, cruelty]Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials (General Assembly resolution 34/169) 02/01/2002

    By United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders

    Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials, G.A. res. 34/169, annex, 34 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 46) at 186, U.N. Doc. A/34/46 (1979). [Human Rights, law enforcement, policy, police power]Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials 02/01/2002

    By

    Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers, Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, 27 August to 7 September 1990, U.N. Doc. A/CONF.144/28/Rev.1 at 118 (1990). [Human Rights, crime, force, firearms, policy, law enforcement]Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers 02/01/2002

    By Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders

    Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers, Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, 27 August to 7 September 1990, U.N. Doc. A/CONF.144/28/Rev.1 at 118 (1990). [Human Rights, lawyers, policy]Guidelines on the Role of Prosecutors 02/01/2002

    By

    Guidelines on the Role of Prosecutors, Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, 27 August to 7 September 1990, U.N. Doc. A/CONF.144/28/Rev.1 at 189 (1990). [United Nations,Human Rights]Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary 02/01/2002

    By United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders

    Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary, Seventh United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Milan, 26 August to 6 September 1985, U.N. Doc. A/CONF.121/22/Rev.1 at 59 (1985). [United Nations,Human Rights]