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‘416’ Letters Fraud/West African Project 03/01/1998

By Dipartimento della pubblica sicurezza

The perpetration of fraud through advance payments of amounts of money linked to fictitious transfers of funds coming from Nigeria – the so-called Nigererian Connection – is a kind of fraud known as ‘advance fee fruad.’ This report examines this kind of fraud and makes suggestion for dealing with i [transnational organized crime, fraud, ]24-Hour Contacts for International High-Tech and Computer-Related Crime 03/01/1998

By Subgroup of the Eight on High-tech Crime

There are points of contact which are provided for high-tech or computer-related investigations that require urgent help from foreign law enforcement. [Cybercrime, High Tech Crime, transnational organized crime]Ad-Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of an International Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on progress achieved in its work 02/01/2002

By United Nations

For the purpose of elaborating a comprehensive international convention against transnational organized crime and of discussing the elaboration, as appropriate, of international instruments addressing trafficking in women and children, combating the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firear [Trafficking, Human Rights, Women, Children,Organized, transnational organized crime, violence against women]Addendum to the Analytical Study on Serious Crime (seventh meeting) 02/01/2002

By

A Report by the Secretariat for the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, regarding an Analytical study on serious crime. [Transnational Organized Crime]Addendum: Interpretative Notes for the Official Records of the Negotiation of the Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols 02/01/2002

By

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on the work of its first to eleventh sessions. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]An Overall Assessment of Transnational Organized Crime 02/01/2002

By Muammer Yasar Ozgul

Some factors such as technological progress, easiness of crossing frontiers and transition of the economic policies in countries have encouraged criminal organization and added an international dimension to such crime. [Organized Crime, Mafia , Fight Against Drugs, Drug Production, Trafficking Passing through Turkey, transnational organized crime]Analysis of the Implementation Concerning Recommendations Program Drawn Up by the G7/P8 Working Group 01/01/1997

By

Faced with the expansion of criminal groups, their changed organizational structure and modi operandi as well as their increasing influence over global economic circuits, international law enforcement community has shown an increasing awareness of the need to develop an organized and systematic i [Transnational Organized Crime, global approach, global economic, multilateral, intergovernmental and supranational fora]Analytical Study on Serious Crime (seventh meeting) 02/01/2002

By

At its second session, held in Vienna from 8 to 12 March 1999, the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime requested the Secretariat to carry out an analytical study on provisions of national laws concerning serious offences punishable by deprivation [Transnational Organized Crime, National Laws, Countries]Analytical Study on Serious Crime (sixth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

At its second session, held in Vienna from 8 to 12 March 1999, the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime requested the Secretariat to carry out an analytical study on provisions of national laws concerning serious offences punishable by deprivat [Transnational Organized Crime]Annotated Provisional Agenda and Proposed Organization of Work (seventh meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime, Provisional agenda]Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Human rights, transnational organized crime]Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work for the ninth session of the Ad Hoc Committee (ninth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

The Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]Anti-Smuggling Activity: The Essence and Feasibility of Compromise in Criminal Justice 02/01/2002

By

[trafficking, transnational organized crime]Assessing Transnational Organized Crime Groups: Dangerousness and Trends 02/01/1999

By

In the last decade, organized crime groups have expanded their dimension and activities worldwide and are currently a global threat posing a concrete danger to the international community. Criminal groups have established international networks to better carry out their activities both in licit and [transnational organized crime]Canadian Action on the 40 Recommendations 04/01/1997

By

Canada is pleased to report that the federal government has already established and implemented measures, or is in the process of doing so, with respect to the vast majority of Lyon Group recommendations. Canada is committed to continuing to work with its P8 partners on improving international co [Combat Transnational Organized Crime, Legal Assistance, Financial Action Task Force,]Canadian Proposal Concerning the Draft Convention on Transnational Organized Crime 01/01/1998

By

While Canada is supportive in principle of a convention on transnational organized crime, Canada believes that there are considerable difficulties connected with an “omnibus” convention that covers all the various issues connected with this field. [ORGANIZED CRIME, Crime Commission, law enforcement, criminal intelligence, domestic legal systems, transnational organized crime]Central Repository of Legislation on Transnational Organized Crime 02/01/2002

By

This repository is part of a broad set of databases maintained by the Secretariat. They include the database on extradition, money laundering, standards and norms, and the statistics of the periodic United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Criminal Justice Operations. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational Organized Crime]Chairman’s Non-Paper: Guiding Principles and Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings 01/01/1999

By

This is to develop a multidisciplinary and comprehensive strategy, including principles and an action plan for future cooperation amongst ourselves and with third countries, including countries of origin, transit and destination, to tackle all forms of trafficking In human beings. [human TRAFFICKING, transnational Organized Crime, illegal migration, violence against women]Chairman’s Statement: Fight Against Transnational Organized Crime 04/01/1996

By

This is about senior experts reviewing existing international agreements, arrangements and practisec to counter transitional organized crime to identify gaps and to make recommendations to fill such gaps. [organized crime, United Nations, social & political systems,, transnational organized crime]Characteristics of Chinese Human Smugglers: A Cross-National Study, Final Report 06/01/2003

By Sheldon Zhang ; Ko-lin Chin

This study attempted to uncover the basic inner workings of Chinese human smuggling organizations and their operations. Through field observations and face-to-face interviews in both the U.S. and China, we found that most human smugglers (also known as snakeheads) were otherwise ordinary citizens w [transnational organized crime, human trafficking]Chemical Diversion 10/01/1995

By

Transnational organized crime groups depend on the diversion of chemicals from international commerce to produce the illicit drugs which are a primary source of illegal income for these groups. [illicit drugs, illegal income, chemical control issues, transnational organized crime, drug trafficking]Comments and Proposals Received from Governments 02/01/2002

By

The Secretary-General has the honour to bring to the attention of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime the comments and proposals of the Government of Netherlands that relate to the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organiz [Transnational Organized Crime]Common provisions of the draft Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the draft Protocols thereto (sixth meeting) 12/01/1999

By United Nations

Common provisions of the draft Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the draft Protocols thereto. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime]Conference Identifies Ways to Combat Human Trafficking 03/01/2000

By

Speaking at a press conference March 31, Ralph Boyce, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, said part of the effort would include that nations enact legislation that would apply new penalties for the traffickers. [human trafficking, transnational organized crime, violence against women]Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4, 4 bis, 7 and 8 04/01/1999

By

Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention againstTransnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4, 4 bis, 7 and 8. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [United Kingdom of Great Britain, Northern Ireland, Money Laundering, transnational organized crime]Convention on Laundering, Search Seizure and Confiscation of the Proceeds from Crime 01/01/1997

By Council of Europe

The convention calls upon States to adopt a broad definition of the crime of laundering of illicit capital, both in the actual commission and in the intention. [Search Seizure , Laundering, criminal activity, confiscation measure, transnational organized crime]Corrigendum to Analytical Study on Serious Crime (seventh meeting) 12/01/1999

By United Nations

A Report by the Secretariat, for the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, regarding an Analytical study on serious crime. [Transnational Organized Crime]Corrigendum to Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (tenth meeting) 02/01/2002

By Ad Hoc Committee

This is one page of Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. [Transnational, Organized Crime, General Assembly, United Nations , transnational organized crime]Corrigendum to UNHCR Note (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Note by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the United Nations Children’s Fund and the International Organization for Migration on the draft protocols concerning migrant smuggling and trafficking [transnational organized crime]Corruption in Post-Communist Societies: Central Europe and the Former Soviet Union 04/20/2001

By Michael Johnston

This is a working bibliography of library and web resources assembled in the Spring of 1999 with the assistance and support of the Local Government and Public Service Reform Initiative of the Open Society Institute, Budapest, Hungary. It is intended to be useful to researchers, journalists, students [transnational organized crime, corruption]Countering Organised Crime Through Strategic Planning and Effective Coordination 02/01/2002

By William J. Horman

The concept of task forces, joint task forces or cooperative law enforcement effort are not new- but in recent years there has been far greater consultations communications, cooperation and coordination between the law enforcement and regulatory agencies within Australia. (excerpted from the Auth [transnational organized crime, law enforcement agencies, international, drug trafficking, illicit gambling]Criminal Networks 03/01/2003

By Vincent Lemieux, Ph.D.

This report on criminal networks is divided into three parts dealing with the following elements: 1) Criminal organizations are both networks and businesses. This report, however, deals more with criminal networks than with businesses. 2) Criminal organizations, when viewed as networks, have chara [transnational organized crime, crime patterns, ]Criminological and Legal Characteristics of Criminal Organizations 02/01/2002

By

[gangs, transnational organized crime]Current Problems in the Combat of Transnational Organized Crime 02/01/2002

By Dimitris Vlassis

Law-abiding citizens are becoming increasingly aware of and concerned about common crime. Indeed, the fear of crime seems to permeate our lives. [TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED crime, prevention of crime, Illicit Trafficking]Current Problems in the Combat of Transnational Organized Crime: Pakistan Perspective 02/01/2002

By Tahir Anwar Pasha

Organized Crime initially synonymous to a certain Italian phenomena like Mafia, Camorra etc., has now extended to cover the whole world and is the most difficult challenge to criminal justice policies. Criminals no longer live within the parameters of national boundaries. It facilitates criminals to [transnational ORGANIZED CRIME, Internet operations, satellite communications, crime syndicates.]Current Situation of Detection and Investigation 02/01/2002

By

Some of the issues discused:Structure and characteristic of investigative organization, its sufficiency in terms of personnel for investigation and devices, Ability and expertise of investigators. [transnational Organized Crime, police, law enforcement]Current Situation of Illicit Drug Trafficking 02/01/2002

By

No steps can be taken to fight against any menace unless we first gather information and intelligence regarding its current situation and past trends. Drug trafficking figures very prominently in transnational organized crime. The annual profits of organized crime are estimated, according to some [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime]Current Situation of Transnational Organized Crime in the Philippines 02/01/2002

By Alberto Rama Olario

The maintenance of domestic tranquility and order is one of the principal responsibilities of government. To survive, the Philippines must effectively counteract the corrosive elements that tend to gnaw at its foundation, as well as the insidious forces that seek to undermine it from outside. [fast-rising economic, Organized Crime , DRUG TRAFFICKING, Marijuana Production, transnational organized crime]Draft United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime 02/01/2002

By

The purpose of this Convention is to promote cooperation among the States Parties so that they may address more effectively the various aspects of organized crime having an international dimension. In carrying out their obligations under the Convention, the Parties shall take necessary measures, inc [International Affairs, transnational organized crime]Draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime 12/01/1998

By

The purpose of this Convention is to promote cooperation among the States Parties so that they may address more effectively the various aspects of organized crime having an international dimension. In carrying out their obligations under the Convention, the Parties shall take necessary measures, in [Organized Crime, Trafficking, Human rights, transnational organized crime]Draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (eleventh meeting) 02/01/2002

By Ad Hoc Committee

The purpose of this Convention is to promote cooperation to prevent and combat transnational organized crime more effectively. [Transnational, Organized Crime, Confiscation, Predicate offence, transnational organized crime]Draft protocol to combat International Trafficking in Women and Children supplementary to the United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crime 11/01/1998

By

DRAFT PROTOCOL TO COMBAT INTERNATIONAL TRAFFICKING IN WOMEN AND CHILDREN SUPPLEMENTARY TO THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Trafficking, Women, Children, Human rights, transnational organized crime, violence against women]European Union Organized Crime Situation Report 2000 12/01/2000

By Europol

This report is primarily aimed at obtaining and disseminating information about organised crime in the European Union (EU) with a focus on its transnational manifestations, to support policy-makers and law enforcement decision-makers in their fight against organised crime. [transnational organized crime, drugs, trafficking]Fighting Bribery in International Business Deals 11/01/2003

By Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Bribing public officials to obtain international business raises serious moral and political concerns, undermines good governance and economic development, and distorts international competitive conditions. The OECD has played a leading role in the battle against bribery and corruption in intern [corruption, transnational organized crime]Forty Recommendations of the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering 01/01/1997

By Financial Action Task Force

The Task Force has identified the following points on which recommendations could be modified, spelled out in greater detail, or supplemented:- extension of the predicate offense to other serious offenses than drug crimes; – expanding the financial recommendations to cover non-financial business; [transnational organized crime, money laundering]Fundamento Legislativo del INCSR 03/01/2003

By U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

Aunque la Convención no contiene una lista de metas y objetivos, establece un número de obligaciones que las partes acuerdan asumir. En términos generales, requiere que las partes tomen medidas legales para ilegalizar y castigar todas las formas de producción de drogas ilícitas, tráfico y lavado de [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime, drugs and crime, international cooperation]German Implementation of the 40 Recommendations: 1998 Interim Report 03/01/1998

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States should review their laws governing criminal offences, jurisdiction, law enforcement powers and international cooperation, as well as their measures dealing with law enforcement training and crime prevention, to ensure that the special problems created by Transnational Organized Crime are e [Transnational Organized Crime, criminal law, mutual assistance, national law,]German Initiative on Crime, Birmingham Summit 03/01/1998

By

The Heads of State and Government selected Transnational Organized Crime as a central theme for the Birmingham Summit with the intention to address particular fears and concerns in our societies. [Transnational Organized Crime, alien smuggling, related trafficking, money laundering,]Global Programme against the Trafficking in Human Beings: An Outline for Action 02/01/1999

By

The smuggling of migrants and trafficking in human beings have increased throughout the world in recent years, owing to the globalization process and other factors. The problem is exacerbated in both size and seriousness by the growing involvement of organized crime groups. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [human trafficking, Human Rights, violence against women, Children, transnational organized crime]Human Smuggling and Trafficking: a Desk Review on the Trafficking in Women from the Phillipines 04/01/2000

By Fiona David, Paula Monzini, Monika Peruffo

This document reflects existing studies and documents on human trafficking, especially in women. This document also considers the state of existing knowledge with respect to Transnational Organized Crime and Smuggling and Trafficking in the Philippines. [Human Trafficking, Transnational Organized Crime, violence against women]Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition 02/01/2002

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Ongoing international initiatives related to the elaboration of an international legal instrument against illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime]Implementation of Recommendations 35 and 36: The Supplementation of Existing Multelateral Conventions or Adoption of New Conventions to Assist in the Fight Against Transnational Organized Crime 10/01/1996

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The Implementation of Recomendation 35, which calls for the states to adopt existing provisions to help fight against transnational crime, while recomendation 36 focusses on the adoption of new ideas in order to enhance the ability to fight crime. [Slavery Convention, Forced Labor, Prosititution, Counterfeiting, transnational organized crime]Interim Report on Canadian Implementation of the 40 Recommendations 01/01/1999

By

The Department of the Solicitor General has established five Regional Coordinating Committees and a National Coordinating Committee on Organized crime. The Regional Committees include police officers from all jurisdictions, immigration and customs officers, federal and provincial officials, as well [Canadian Implementation , Organized Crime, Combat Transnational Organized Crime]International Cooperation Against Transnational Organized Crime 02/01/1996

By Australia

This has a consideration of all our PS colleagues, a paper prepared by the Australian government “International Cooperation Against Transnational Organized Crime”. [Organized Crime, Human rights, Transnational Organized Crime]International Cooperation in Combating Transnational Crime: Smuggling of Illegal Immigrants 02/01/2002

By Secretary-General of the United Nations

The present report brings to the attention of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice additional information received from Governments regarding measures and initiatives taken or envisaged to combat the smuggling of illegal migrants and relevant action taken within the United Natio [smuggling, transnational organized crime, human trafficking]International Narcotics Control Strategy Report 03/01/2001

By U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

In attempting to evaluate whether countries and certain entities are meeting the goals and objectives of the 1988 UN Drug Convention, the Department has used the best information it has available. The 2001 INCSR covers countries that range from major drug producing and drug-transit countries, where [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime, drugs and crime, international cooperation]International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (1999) 03/01/2000

By U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

In attempting to evaluate whether countries are meeting the goals and objectives of the 1988 UN Drug Convention, the Department has used the best information it has available. The Year 2000 INCSR covers countries that range from major drug producing and drug-transit countries, where drug control is [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime, drugs and crime, international cooperation]International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (2001) 03/01/2002

By U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

In attempting to evaluate whether countries and certain entities are meeting the goals and objectives of the 1988 UN Drug Convention, the Department has used the best information it has available. The 2002 INCSR covers countries that range from major drug producing and drug-transit countries, where [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime, drugs and crime, international cooperation]International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (2002) 03/01/2003

By U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

The country chapters report upon actions-including plans, programs, and, where applicable, timetables-toward fulfillment of Convention obligations. Because the 1988 UN Drug Convention’s subject matter is so broad and availability of information on elements related to performance under the Convention [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime, drugs and crime, international cooperation]International Trade: U.S. Customs and Border Protection Faces Challenges in Addressing Illegal Textile Transshipment 01/01/2004

By United States General Accounting Office

GAO reviewed (1) how CBP identifies potential illegal textile transshipment, (2) how well CBP’s textile review process works to prevent illegal textile transshipment, and (3) how effectively CBP uses its in-bond system to monitor foreign textiles transiting the United States. [trafficking, transnational organized crime]Interpretative notes for the official records (travaux preparatoires) of the negotiation of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (eleventh meeting) 02/01/2002

By Ad Hoc Committee

The present document contains interpretative notes which were discussed by the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime throughout the process of negotiation of the draft Convention. These notes will be included in the official records of the negot [Transnational, Organized Crime, transnational organized crime]Inventory of Main International Conventions Dealing with Transnational Organized Crime: Introduction 01/01/1997

By P8 Senior Experts Group on Transnational Organized Crime

This is the organized crime introduction summary forms if criminality. [slavery convention, counterfeiting currency, illicit import, narcotic drugs,, transnational organized crime]Inventory of Main International Conventions Dealing with Transnational Organized Crime: Slavery Convention 01/01/1997

By P8 Senior Experts Group on Transnational Organized Crime

The main international conventions dealing with transnational organised crime – slavery convention. [transnational organized crime, human trafficking, slavery]Law Enforcement Subgroup Report 10/01/1997

By

The sub group agreed that the tasks for this meeting were to: – discuss specific project proposals – review projects already underway – conduct a general review of future possibilities [German delegation, Organized Smuggling, Credit Card Fraud, Colombian Organizations, transnational organized crime, trafficking]Legal Framework against Transnational Organized Crime by Criminal Justice Systems in Different Countries 02/01/2002

By

Under the theme of the 108th International Seminar “Current Problems in the Combat of Organized Transnational Crime”, our group was assigned to explore the legal framework against organized transnational crime in different countries’ criminal justice systems. [transnational organized crime, courts]Legislacion Modelo Sobre Enriquecimiento Ilicito y Soborno Transnacional 02/01/2002

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[transnational organized crime]Mafia Against Unrestrained Abuse 02/01/2002

By

[transnational organized crime]Measuring the Deterrent Effect of Enforcement Operations on Drug Smuggling, 1991-1999 08/01/2001

By Mary Layne, Ann-Marie-Bruen, Patrick Johnson, William Rhodes, Scot Decker, Meg Townsend, Caben Chester, Gary Schaffer, John Lavin

This study takes a mixed qualitative-quantitative approach to studying the deterrent effect of drug enforcement operations on cocaine trafficking. For the purposes of this study, a drug enforcement operation has a deterrent effect if drug smugglers are displaced from a previously preferred method [drug trafficking, transnational organized crime, drugs and crime, international cooperation, law enforcement]Methods Used by Drug-Dealers for Legalizing Dirty Money 02/01/2002

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[drug, money laundering, transnational organized crime]New Threats or Old Stereotypes The Revival of Trafficking as a Discourse 12/01/1999

By Fiona David

I will argue that much of the discussion today, reflects and reinforces outdated stereotypes of Asian (or other developing world) women as passive, helpless victims, in need of rescue, thereby ignoring the reality of the difficult choices that these women might have made.Now, as then, interested org [transnational organized crime, trafficking of women, regional initiative, violence against women]Note of Meeting of the Law Enforcement Sub-Group 01/01/1998

By

The Law Enforcement Projects Sub-Group agreed that their tasks for the meeting were to: Discuss specific project proposals and agree a way forward. Review projects currently underway. Identify future possibilities for project based action. [transnational organized crime, police, Smuggling, Trafficking, law enforcement]Official records (travaux preparatoires) of the negotiation of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (tenth meeting) 02/01/2002

By Ad Hoc Committee

The negotiations preceding the conclusion of a treaty. As such, they may consist of the minutes of the plenary meetings and the comments of the conference or other body that adopted the treaty or the successive drafts of the treaty, including the various proposals on record. [Organized Crime, Transnational, Traffic in Narcotic Drugs, , transnational organized crime]Organized Crime Subgroup Report: Scope of UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime 11/01/1998

By

The sub-group meeting in the margins of the Lyon Group discussed the scope of the Convention, and agreed in principle on this example of tone of the points: The scope of the Convention should be flexible, in the sense that different tools may need to have different scope. To facilitate this, the &# [Transnational Organized Crime, crimes of terrorism., criminal activity, ]Organized Group Versus Criminal Organization: Qualifying Features And Definitions (Ciminal Law Aspects) 02/01/2002

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[gangs, transnational organized crime, ]P-8 Experts Group on Transnational Organized Crime, Project Based Action: What Next? 01/01/1997

By

In endorsing recommendation 28 the Lyon Summit gave its approval to the practical guidance on project-based action which the Group had developed. [transnational organized crime]People Smuggling in Global Perspective 03/01/2000

By Fiona David

First, it is possible to identify certain trends in relation to people smuggling and trafficking. For example:Where people are coming from, and where they are going to;Why they proceed down this dangerous path;And how they do it. [human trafficking, migrate illegally, Transnational Organized Crime, violence against women]Problems of legal treatment of murder for hire 02/01/2002

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[homicide, transnational organized crime]Progress report of Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (ninth meeting) 02/01/2002

By

Progress report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]Project Based Initiative: Nigerian Transnational Organized Crime Transnational Crime, Issue-Intellectual Property Rights Counterfeiting: Issues and Recommendations 01/01/1997

By

The U.S. Secret Service currently participates in a multinational task force consisting of over 35 countries experiencing a NOC problem. The Service shares and receives intelligence from these member agencies in an effort to combat Nigerian crime on a transnational basis. [Dept. of treasury, Justice & Treasury, Federal law enforcement, transnational organized crime]Project Proposal: Illegal Entry and Smuggling of Iraqi Nationals 01/01/1997

By

A proposal on Illegal Entry and Smuggling of Iraqi Nationals. This propsal covers: Situation in Germany, Smuggling routes and methods of illegal entry into Germany, Findings from other states and measures. [aliens smuggled, Smuggling routes, illegal entry, Transnational Organized Crime]Project-Based Action Against Transnational Organized Crime: Practical Guidance 02/01/1996

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This is about the key tasks for the law enforcements response are to understand the pattern of activity and to attack the group at it’s weakest points. [organized criminals, law enforcement, motivation, , transnational organized crime]Proposal: Operation Caribbean 01/01/1998

By

It is proposed that one or more time-limited special control operations should be carried out to identify drug smugglers travelling from or b way of Caribbean Islands and to ascertain the organisations responsible. [drug smugglers , illicit supply of cocaine, drug trafficking, Caribbean islands, transnational organized crime]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments 02/01/2002

By

PROPOSALS AND CONTRIBUTIONS RECEIVED FROM GOVERNMENTS [Transnational Organized Crime, firearms]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments (Firearms) (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

By United Nations

The Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime Proposals and contributions received from the Governments of Australia, Belgium, Canada, and China to name a few. [transnational organized crime]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments (Migrants) (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

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Consideration of the additional international legal instrument against illegal trafficking in and transporting of migrants. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]Proposals and Contributions Received from Governments on the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (fifth meeting) 02/01/2002

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Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4, 4 bis, 7, 7 bis, 7 ter, 10, 14 (paras. 14-22) and 15-19. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Government, Assets, Crime, transnational organized crime]Proposals and contributions received from Governments (Convention) (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

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Consideration of the revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 2, 2 bis (subparagraph (a) only), 4, 4 bis, 4 ter, 4 quater, 7, 7 bis, 7 ter, 17, 17 bis, 18, 18 bis and 18 ter. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]Proposals and contributions received from Governments (seventh meeting, one) 02/01/2002

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Consideration of the revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 1-3, 5 and 6. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime, Governments, Proposals and contributions]Proposals and contributions received from Governments (seventh meeting, two) 02/01/2002

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Consideration of the additional international legal instrument against illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms,their parts and components and ammunition. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime]Proposals and contributions received from Governments (sixth meeting, one) 02/01/2002

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Consideration of the revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4 ter, 17 bis and 20-30. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime, Proposals, Contributions, Governments]Proposals and contributions received from Governments (sixth meeting, three) 02/01/2002

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Consideration of additional international legal instruments: draft instrument against trafficking in persons, especially women and children, with particular emphasis on articles 8-18. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime, Trafficking, Human Rights, Women, Children, violence against women]Proposals and contributions received from Governments (sixth meeting, two) 02/01/2002

By

Consideration of additional international legal instruments: draft instrument against illegal trafficking in and transporting of migrants,with particular emphasis on articles 7-19. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime, Proposals, Contributions, Governments]Protocol against the smuggling of migrants by land, sea and air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (final document) 02/01/2002

By

Articles 1 thru 25 of the Protocol against the Smuggling of Immigrants. [Human Rights, human trafficking, transnational organized crime]Rapid Assessment: Human Smuggling and Trafficking from The Philippines 02/01/2002

By Australian Institute of Criminology

The processes of globalisation pose particular challenges to the international community. The increased ease and speed of travel, and the availability of the latest information technology has increased the capacity of criminal networks to engage in transnational crimes. Technological innovations imp [human trafficking, Human Rights, violence against women, Children, Smuggling, transnational organized crime]Report of Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its eighth session, held in Vienna from 21 February – 3 March 2000 (ninth meeting) 02/01/2002

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Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its eighth session, held in Vienna from 21 February to 3 March 2000. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]Report of Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its first session, held in Vienna from 19 to 29 January 1999 01/01/1999

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Report of Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its first session, held in Vienna from19 to 29 January 1999. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Elections, transnational organized crime]Report of Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its second session, held in Vienna from 8 to 12 March 1999 03/01/1999

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Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its second session, held in Vienna from 8 to 12 March 1999. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Trafficking, Women, Children, Human rights, transnational organized crime]Report of Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its third session, held in Vienna from 28 April to 3 May 1999 05/01/1999

By United Nations

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its third session, held in Vienna from 28 April to 3 May 1999. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Trafficking, Human Rights, Women, Children,Firearms, transnational organized crime]Report of Ad Hoc committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its tenth session, held in Vienna from 17-28 July 2000 (eleventh meeting) 09/01/2000

By United Nations

A United Nations General Assembly report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the elaboration of a convention against transnational organized crime on its tenth session, held in Vienna from 17 to 28 July 2000. [Organized Crime, international crime, transnational organized crime]Report of Alien Smuggling Subgroup 12/01/1996

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According to the limited number of the member states and its geographical representation, this technical working group of the G7/P8 seemed to be a convenient frame for a new concrete, pragmatic and global approach of illegal immigration and forged documents phenomenon. [ALIEN SMUGGLING, Chinese immigration, illegal immigration, transnational organized crime, human trafficking]Report of Plenary Session 01/01/1997

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Building upon the achievements of the Canadian and French presidencies, the Lyon Group continued to seek consensus on concrete, practical actions the Group can take to enhance the global effort against transnational organized crime. [promote law enforcement, transnational organized crime., High Tech/Computer Crime.]Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its fourth session, held in Vienna from 28 June to 9 July 1999 02/01/2002

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Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its fourth session, held in Vienna from28 June to 9 July 1999. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [international, trafficking, women, children, human rights, transnational organized crime]Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its ninth session, held in Vienna from 5 to 16 June 2000 (tenth meeting) 07/01/2000

By United Nations

The Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime was established by the General Assembly in its resolution 53/111 of 9 December 1998. [Trafficking, Women, Children, Organized Crime, transnational organized crime]Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its seventh session, held in Vienna from 17 – 28 January 2000 (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

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Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its seventh session, held in Vienna from 17 to 28 January 2000. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Human rights, transnational organized crime]Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its sixth session, held in Vienna from 6 to 17 October 1999 (seventh meeting) 02/01/2002

By Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its sixth session, held in Vienna from 6 to 17 October 1999. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Drugs and Crime, Transnational Organized Crime]Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of the Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (third meeting) 04/01/1999

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International cooperation in combating transnational crime: elaboration of an international convention against transnational organized crime and other possible international instruments. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Organized Crime, transnational organized crime]Response to Proposal Submitted by Japan: Smuggling of Asian People and the Connection with Underground Banking Systems 01/01/1998

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Smuggling of Asian aliens and the criminal use of underground banking systems are clearly international crime problems. The United States agrees that the smuggling of Asian people and the links between Asian smuggling and the underground banking systems are subjects worthy of further study and ev [Asian aliens, underground banking, Asian smuggling, law enforcement agencies, human trafficking, transnational organized crime, violence against women]Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (eleventh meeting) 02/01/2002

By Ad Hoc Committee

The protocol suplements the United Nations convention against Transnational Organized Crime, as regards the sttae parties to this protocol those two instruments shall be read and interpeted togetther as one single instrument. [Smuggled, Migrants, illegal residence, crimalization, criminal liability of migrants, human trafficking, transnational organized crime]Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (fifth meeting) 02/01/2002

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Draft Protocol against the Smuggling ofMigrants by Land, 1 Air and Sea, Supplementing the United Nations Convention 2 against Transnational Organized Crime3. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Ad hoc, Human rights, International Affairs, Crime,Trafficking, transnational organized crime]Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (ninth meeting) 02/01/2002

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Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling1 of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea,2 supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [human trafficking, transnational organized crime]Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (sixth meeting) 02/01/2002

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Consideration of the additional legal instruments: draft instrument against illegal trafficking in and transporting of migrants, with particular emphasis on articles 7-19. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime, Human rights,Trafficking]Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (seventh meeting) 02/01/2002

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Revised draft Protocol against the Smuggling1 of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea,2 supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Human Rights, transnational organized crime]Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime 02/01/1999

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Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 1-3. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Crime, Drugs, Trafficking, Terrorism, transnational organized crime]Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (6th meeting) 02/01/2002

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Consideration of the revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4 ter, 17 bis and 20-30. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime]Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

By United Nations

Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (eighth meeting) [transnational organized crime]Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (fourth meeting) 05/01/1999

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Consideration of the draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 4 ter, 5, 6, 9, 10 and 14. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime]Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (ninth meeting) 02/01/2002

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The purpose of this Convention is to promote cooperation to prevent and combat transnational organized crime more effectively. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [Transnational Organized Crime]Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (seventh meeting) 02/01/2002

By Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

Consideration of the revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, with particular emphasis on articles 1-3, 5 and 6. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [trafficking, migrants, immigration, emmigration, policy, organized crime, laundering, transnational organized crime]Revised draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (tenth meeting) 02/01/2002

By Ad Hoc Committee

The Convention shall apply, except as otherwise stated herein, to the prevention, investigation and prosecution of:The offences established in accordance with articles 3, 4, 4 ter and 17 bis of this Convention; and Serious offences as defined in article 2 bis of this Convention; where the offence [Organized Crime, laundering, Transnational Organized Crime ]Rule of Law Series: Transnational Organized Crime 08/01/1998

By Yuri A. Voronin

Common tendencies in the development of Transnational Crime. The largest Transnational criminal societies. The main kinds of criminal activity for Transnational Crime Organizations. The strategy to control Transnational organized crime at the National and International levels. [Transnational Crime,International Issues,Organized Crime, transnational organized crime]Smuggling Asian People/Underground Banking Law Enforcement Project (Overhead Projection Sheets) 01/01/1998

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Reasons for people using underground banking like: AVOID CUSTOMER IDENTIFICATION, and conclusions for example:THE IMPORTANCE OF STRICT BORDER CONTROL: INCLUDING WIRE TRANSFER, CRIMINAL ORGANIZATIONS. [human trafficking, CUSTOMER IDENTIFICATION, UNSAFE POSTAL SERVICE, SMUGGLING PEOPLE,violence against women, transnational organized crime]Smuggling of Asian People by Transnational Organized Crime Groups and Underground Banking Systems 01/01/1998

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Proposed countermeasures are: building a forged passport database; promoting antimoney laundering measures in the Asian region (e.g.: enlightening activities toward relevant national organs for enhanced anti-money laundering measures, building up a system to enable investigative authorities to ha [transnational organized crime, human trafficking, underground banking, money fraudulently obtained, illegal immigrants, violence against women]TRADE IN WOMEN AND CHILDREN WITH THE PURPOSE OF THEIR SEXUAL EXPLOITATION AND INVOLVEMENT IN PORNOBUSINESS: RESEARCH IN UKRAINE 05/01/2002

By Denisova T.A.,

Trade in human beings is one of the most rapidly increasing criminal businesses. The volume of the trade in women and children as commodities for the sex industry and porno-business is estimated to be 7 to 12 billions US dollars a year. [human trafficking, transnational organized crime, sex industry, violence against women, juvenile victims]The Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols 02/01/2002

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Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on the work of its first to eleventh sessions. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime]The G8 and Transnational Organized Crime: Priorities for Birmingham 01/01/1998

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This is about the The G8 and Transnational Organized Crime: Priorities for Birmingham. It gives you a list of the principal accomplishments of g-8. [global integration., illegal firearm trafficking,, high-tech crimes, transnational organized crime]The Money Trap: Stopping the Spread of Corruption 06/01/2003

By Open Society Institute

Corruption has no easy definition—behavior tolerated as normal, or at least necessary, in one place may be seen as deviant and punishable by fines and jail time in another. Both attitudes can often be found in the same country, with one kind of corruption condemned as evil while another is dismisse [corruption, transnational organized crime]The Organized Transnational Criminality and Role of Law Enforcement Authorities in the Counteraction 02/01/2002

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[transnational organized crime, police, law enforcement]The Role of Law Enforcement in Combating Human and Drug Trafficking 01/01/2000

By Sandro Calvani

This article discusses the role of law enforcement in combatting human and drug trafficking. [drug trafficking, human trafficking, police, slavery, law enforcement, violence against women, transnational organized crime]The Role of the Leader of a Criminal Group 02/01/2002

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[gangs, organized crime, transnational organized crime]The Threats Posed by Transnational Crimes and Organized Crime Groups 02/01/2002

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This conference is especially important and timely because in the 1990s, the problems to the world community posed by transnational crimes and organized crime groups have increased significantly and are likely to continue to increase in the near future. [transnational organized crime, smuggling, computers, international criminals, illegal activities]Trafficking In Human Beings and Organized Crime: A Literature Review 04/01/2002

By Christine Bruckert, Ph.D., Colette Parent, Ph.D.

The issue of the trafficking in human beings started to be raised during the latter part of the 1980s did not really enter into the mainstream until the 1990s. The available material is limited and analysis of it has largely been based on research reports and coverage by the media. In light of the s [transnational organized crime, human trafficking, violence against women]Trafficking in Human Beings 07/01/1999

By Dr. Adam Graycar

After reviewing the connections between people smuggling, people trafficking and undocumented migration, this chapter discusses the extent of undocumented migration to Australia, the employment of illegal workers in the sex industry, and the different categories of traffickers involved, including or [human trafficking, violence against women, transnational organized crime]Trafficking in Women From Ukraine 12/01/2003

By Donna M. Hughes ; Tatyana Denisova

Trafficking in women for the purpose of sexual exploitation, often referred to as a modern day form of slavery, is a multi-billion dollar global criminal activity. The moneymakers are transnational networks of traffickers and pimps that prey on the dreams of women seeking from sending and receivi [transnational organized crime, human trafficking, violence against women, prostitution, victim, women-crimes against]Trafficking of Stolen Vehicles by Transnational Organized Crime Groups 01/01/1998

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Proposed countermeasures are: promotion of information exchange among countries concerned, including the holding of seminars, establishment of contract points; better use of Interpol’s vehicle database. [Trafficking of stolen vehicles, Police Agency, transnational organized crime, arrested suspects, law enforcement]Transnational Crime 02/01/2002

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This conference was organised by the Australian Institute of Criminology in association with the Australian Federal Police and the Australian Customs Service. [National Crime Authority-NCA, transnational organized crime, law enforcement]Transnational Crime in the Twenty-First Century 02/01/2002

By John Broome

A report by John Broome on Transnational crime in the 21st century. [National Crime Authority-NCA, transnational organized crime, law enforcement]Transnational Organized Crime 07/01/1996

By Yuri A. Voronin

Common tendencies in the developement of Transnational crime. The largest transnational criminal societies. Main kinds of criminal activity and tratergies to control it. [Transnational Crime,Organized Crime,Law Enforcement,Drugs and Crime,Trafficking, transnational organized crime]Transnational Smuggling of Aliens and Stolen Vehicles 02/01/2002

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Transnational smuggling is generally regarded as the moving of unmanifested goods across and beyond internationally recognized boundaries defining the sovereignty of countries. The intention is to evade the control on prohibited items or legitimate taxation. [transnational organized crime, human trafficking, car smuggling]Triad Societies and Chinese Organised Crime in South Africa 02/01/2002

By Peter Gastrow

South African law enforcement agencies should expect a considerable expansion of criminal activities by Chinese triad-based criminal groups. The fact that South Africa now has diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China has led to a significant increase in trade and interaction be [Triad, Societies, Crime, transnational organized crime]UNCHR Notes on the Migrants and Persons Protocols (eighth meeting) 02/01/2002

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Note by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the United Nations Children’s Fund and the International Organization for Migration on the draft protocols concerning migrant smuggling and trafficking in persons. (courtesy of UNCJIN) [transnational organized crime, human trafficking]United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (final document) 02/01/2002

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Articles 1 thru 41 of the United States convention of Transnational Organized Crime. [organized crime, corruption, laundering, policy, transnational organized crime]Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000: Trafficking in Persons Report 2001 07/12/2001

By U.S. Department of State

Based on reliable estimates, as the Congress has noted, at least 700,000 persons, especially women and children, are trafficked each year across international borders. Some observers estimate that the number may be significantly higher. Victims are forced to toil in sweatshops, construction sites, b [trafficking, slavery, prostitution, sex crimes, transnational organized crime, victims, violence against women]Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000: Trafficking in Persons Report 2002 06/07/2002

By U.S. Department of State

This is the second annual Trafficking in Persons Report report to Congress, as required by the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, on the status of severe forms of trafficking in persons worldwide. Through this annual report, the United States seeks to bring international attention to the ho [trafficking, slavery, prostitution, sex crimes, transnational organized crime, victims]Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000: Trafficking in Persons Report 2003 11/05/2003

By U.S. Department of State

Human trafficking not only continues but appears to be on the rise worldwide. Many nations are touched by it in some way, serving as source, transit, and destination countries where human beings are procured, transported, and enslaved through forced labor or forced sexual exploitation. Traffickers e [trafficking, slavery, prostitution, sex crimes, transnational organized crime, victims, violence against women]West African Organized Crime: Information and Intelligence Exchange Procedures 10/01/1997

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This paper suggests ways of exchanging information and intelligence in respect of WAOC both within and between countries. [transnational ORGANIzED CRIME, African Organized Crime, law enforcement, criminals]Work of the Ad Hoc Committee on the elaboration of the convention against transnational organized crime 02/01/2002

By Ad Hoc Committee

It decided to establish an open-ended intergovernmental ad hoc committee for the purpose of elaborating a comprehensive international convention against transnational organized crime and of discussing the elaboration, as appropriate, of international instruments addressing trafficking in women and c [Criminal Justice, Crime prevention,congress, transnational organized crime, violence against women]World Customs Organization (WCO) Draft Declaration on Transnational Crime 04/01/1997

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ACKNOWLEDGING that transnational crime nearly always concerns the international transportation of illicit goods and/or the proceeds of crime, or conveyances or people, [Transnational organized Crime, border protection, Customs administrations, organized crime]